WO2003103779A1 - A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength - Google Patents

A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2003103779A1
WO2003103779A1 PCT/IT2003/000203 IT0300203W WO03103779A1 WO 2003103779 A1 WO2003103779 A1 WO 2003103779A1 IT 0300203 W IT0300203 W IT 0300203W WO 03103779 A1 WO03103779 A1 WO 03103779A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
means
main frame
modular
le
modular elements
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IT2003/000203
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Gianpetro Solinas
Original Assignee
Gianpetro Solinas
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITCR2002A000010 priority Critical
Priority to ITCR20020010 priority patent/ITCR20020010A1/en
Application filed by Gianpetro Solinas filed Critical Gianpetro Solinas
Publication of WO2003103779A1 publication Critical patent/WO2003103779A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0076Rowing machines for conditioning the cardio-vascular system
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/06Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for rowing or sculling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0076Rowing machines for conditioning the cardio-vascular system
    • A63B2022/0079Rowing machines for conditioning the cardio-vascular system with a pulling cable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/0009Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00 for handicapped persons
    • A63B2071/0018Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00 for handicapped persons for wheelchair users
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with movable endless bands, e.g. treadmills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/06Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement
    • A63B22/0605Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement performing a circular movement, e.g. ergometers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0405Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs involving a bending of the knee and hip joints simultaneously
    • A63B23/0429Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs involving a bending of the knee and hip joints simultaneously with guided foot supports moving parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane by being cantilevered about a horizontal axis

Abstract

A modular system for realizing mobile means operated by the human muscular strength or static machines, that comprises modular elements (1a-1e) provided with ergonomic operating means for use by one or more persons, and a main frame (2) in which said modular elements may be selectively connected to said main frame, singularly or in a plurality, by means of reversible quick hooking means.

Description

A MODULAR SYSTEM FOR REALIZING MOBILE MEANS OR STATIC MACHINES OPERATED BY HUMAN MUSCULAR STRENGTH

The present invention relates to a modular system for realizing human powered mobile means, for recreational or sport use, or static machines operated by human muscular strength.

More particularly, the present invention relates to a modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines comprising ergonomic operating means like pedals, handles, rolls or other mechanical devices, that may be operated by a substantially continuous and repetitive muscular movement, like push on a pedal, rowing or i ining.

Said mobile means may be boats, vehicles on wheels, sledges or other, and are usually used for purely recreational purposes, as funny alternative means of transport, or for physical exercises, with the advantage of doing so on open air.

Said static machines may be machines resting on the ground, comprising means for dissipating the movement produced by the user. Said machines are generally used for training or exercise, or even for muscular rehabilitation. Pedal vehicles or tricycles are known, operated by the muscular strength of the driver's legs, or even small boats also operated by pedals like those used for short excursion near the coast.

A disadvantage of said mobile means and static machines consists in that they require the user to perform always the same movement, and they do not allow to modify the exercise or training and the muscular mass concerned. This means that it is not possible to train different muscles, if not providing a plurality of different machines, which implies a problem of spaces and costs.

This disadvantage is such also for a sole recreational purpose, because it limits the variety of use and therefore the possibilities of amusement.

Another disadvantage consists in that said means and machines can not be used by people with motory difficulties nor by disabled persons, and generally it is not easy to quickly fit them for this purpose.

It is the aim of the present invention to solve the above mentioned inconveniences.

In particular, the aim of the present invention is to realize a modular system for mobile means or static machines for recreational and sport use, operated by the human muscular strength, that allows to fit said machines in an easy and practical manner for working with a muscular movement variable according to the choice of the user. Therefore, it is the aim of the present invention to realize mobile means or machines for recreational and sport purpose particularly practical and funny in use, that may be used for different kinds of training or exercise, also by disabled or handicapped persons.

This and other purposes are reached by means of the present invention, consisting of a modular system for realizing mobile means that may be operated by the human muscular strength, or static machines, characterized in that it comprises modular elements provided with ergonomic operating means for being used by one or more persons, and a main frame, in which said modular elements may be selectively connected to said main frame, singularly or in a plurality, by means of reversible quick coupling means.

The main advantage consists in that, as the operating means are connected to modular elements that are interchangeable on the same main frame, the mobile means or the static machine may be easily fitted to be operated by different muscular masses.

A nirther advantage consists in the possibility of separating the modular elements from the main frame, so as to avoid the need of protecting the whole macliine or the mobile means from theft or damage.

Furthermore, in sport use for fraining the invention allows to fit a complete gymnastics with low costs and encumbrance.

A further advantage consists in that the present invention allows to realize mobile means or machines that may be fitted for use by disabled persons or by persons with motory handicaps, using modular elements specially designed for this purpose.

These and other advantages will be described more in detail hereinbelow, relating to the enclosed figures in which preferred embodiments are shown.

Figure 1 shows in a scheme an embodiment of the present invention, as used for realizing a pedal boat.

Figure 2 shows a scheme of another embodiment of the present invention, in which a modular structure according to the present invention is used for realizing a static macliine.

Figure 3 shows another embodiment according to the present invention, showing a modular human powered boat. Figures 4 and 5 show in a front and top view, a hull that may be used for realizing a boat similar to the one shown in figure 1.

Figures 6 and 7 show in a top view and in a longitudinal sectional view, a variant of the hull of figures 4 and 5.

Figure 8 shows a sectional view according to line VIII- VIII of figure 7.

Figures 9 and 10 respectively show a top view and a longitudinal sectional view of another way for realizing the hull of a modular boat according to the present invention.

Figure 11 shows a modular element according to the present invention.

Figures 12 and 13 show realization details of the modular element shown in figure 11, respectively in a lateral and front view.

Figure 14 shows details relating to the means connecting the modular element of figure 11 and the hulls of the boat of figure 1 or 3, or the base of the macliine of figure 2. Figures 15, 16, 17 and 18 show some examples of modular elements interchangeable with the one of figure 11, according to the present invention

Figure 19 shows an element similar to the one of figure 11, but that may be associated to the hull of figures 9 and 10.

Relating now to the details shown in the figures, the modular system according to the present invention mainly comprises modular elements la-le that may be associated to a main frame 2 by means of reversible quick coupling means.

Modular elements la-le mainly comprise a support platform 3 and ergonomic means to be operated by the human muscular strength, that will be described more in detail hereinbelow.

For the realization of a boat for recreational purposes like the one shown in figure 1 or 3, said main frame 2 comprises floating means advantageously consisting of a single hull structure or of a catamaran structure.

For realizing a mobile means of any other kind, according to the present invention, or a static machine for physical exercise, like the one of figure 2, said main frame 2 is advantageously realized with a tubular structure made of steel, aluminium or other material, and is provided with wheels or other moving means, or even with simple supports on the ground.

Said reversible quick coupling means allow to selectively connect one or more modular elements la-le, equal or different one from the other, to said main frame 2.

They advantageously consist of trolleys 4 that may be associated to said platform 3 of the modular elements la-le, sliding along guides 5 fixed to said main frame 2.

Said guides 5 advantageously have a substantially T-shaped section, with two longitudinal grooves 6a and 6b; said trolleys 4 therefore are substantially C-shaped, with edges 7 a and 7b sliding in said grooves.

For blocking said modular elements la-le in a determined position on said main frame 2, said guides 5 comprise a plurality of references, e.g. holes 8, and said trolleys 4 comprise blocking means for cooperation with said references, e.g. pins 9 with a return spring, or equivalent means like screws, nuts, 'velcro'.

For allowing to connect different modular elements la-le to the same main frame 2, modular elements will be advantageously realized having different shapes or dimensions, with different operating means, but having trolleys 4 at the same distance one from the other and having the same shape and dimension, so as to properly fit with said guides 5 of said main frame 2.

The trolleys 4 may be fixed to the modular elements la-le or permanently inserted in the guides 5 and fixed to said modular elements by means of reversible connecting means like screws, nuts or equivalent.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, said trolleys 4 and said guides 5 are of the kind used on sailboats for regulating the point of sheet.

In another embodiment of the invention, the main frame 2 comprises housings 10 and the platform 3 of the modular elements la-le comprises a base 11 that may be inserted and blocked in one of said housings 10.

Advantageously, said base 11 has unified dimensions for the different modular elements la-le, so as to make possible the interchangeability of said elements on the main frame 2.

The dimensions preferred for said base 11 are of about 50 x 25 x 5 cm. The blocking of said base 11 in one of said housings 10 will occur by known mechanic means. Said base 11 connects the modular elements la-le to the main frame 2 and therefore it may have different shapes and dimensions.

Another suitable system to connect the modular elements la-le to the main frame 2 consists in a spring blocking and release mechanism like those used, for example, on ski boots.

The main frame 2 may be realized in such a way as to connect to the same a single element in turn, among said modular elements la-le, or even two or more modular elements, equal or different one from the other. This possibility will be obtained, for example, with a plurality of guides 5 disposed on parallel lines, single or in couples, or with a plurality of housings 10.

The modular elements la-le, singularly shown in the enclosed figures, show different ways of realizing a modular element that may be associated to said frame 2, according to the present invention, and the operating means therefore respectively comprise a couple of pedals 20 associated to a fly-wheel 22, like those of a common bicycle; a traction handle 22 fixed to a chain 23, and a sliding seat 24, so as to simulate rowing; a couple of boards 25 that can be operated by an alternate movement like the one performed when climbing steps, like in the so-called 'step' simulators; a tapis roulant 26 that may be operated with a walking or ninning movement; a seat 27 and a couple of fly- wheels 28, lateral to the seat, that may be operated with a push of the arms and that therefore may be used also by persons with disability at their legs.

These embodiments are described for exemplifying and not limiting purposes, as it will be possible to realize modular elements essentially similar to those shown and interchangeable with them, but comprising any other known kind of seat, handle, lever or other means or mechanism that allows the use and the operating by one or more persons, with a certain muscular movement.

Modular elements la-le also comprise known mechanisms, that can transform the muscular movement of the user into a rotation movement. Said mechanisms will be realized, for example, like those of gymnastic machines, like bicycles, rowing ergometers, 'tapis roulants' and other similar machines or simulators.

The rotation movement produced in this way is transmitted to propulsion means 30, as for example in the boat of figure 1, or to dissipating means 31, as in the static machine of figure 2.

Said propulsion means 30 are of known kind and adapted to propulsion on water or ground. It is evident that mechanical, electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic mechanisms, necessary for their functioning, will be associated to the same. Advantageously, a system for the variation and regulation of the effort is associated to said dissipating means 31, like a fly-wheel provided with ad adjustable brake of a conventional mechanical type or even of magnetic or hydraulic type.

Propulsion means 30 or dissipating means 31 may be associated to the main frame 2 or directly to the modular elements la-le, as in the embodiment shown for example in figure 3. These two embodiments are equivalent, and will be chosen according to practicalness and economic convenience, and according to the use.

If said propulsion means 30 or dissipating means 31 are associated to the main frame 2, said frame and the modular elements la-le comprise transmission means, reversibly connected one to another and advantageously consisting of a motor pulley 40 and a driven pulley 41 that may be mechanically connected with a transmission belt 42.

The motor pulley 40 is preferably in a position unified for different modular elements, to facilitate the interchangeability of the modular elements.

The motor pulley 40 is connected to the operating means, so that the movement of said operating meanc puts into rotation the pulley 40. In another embodiment, as shown in the figures, the platform 3 of modular elements la-le comprises a support 43 for a shaft onto which said motor pulley 40 and another pulley 44 are fitted, the latter being connected to the operating means of the modular elements by means of a belt 45 or similar.

For allowing the connection of a plurality of modular elements at the same time and on the same main frame 2, said frame may comprise multiple connection means, e.g. a plurality of driven pulleys 41, fitted onto the same shaft.

A preferred use of the present invention is the realization of boats for recreational purpose.

In this case, the main frame 2 comprises floating means. Preferably, it has a catamaran structure with two hulls 50a and 50b, connected by a platform 51 to which guides 5 are fixed.

The hulls 50a and 50b may also be connected by beams 52 supporting a frame 53, advantageously in metal structure or metal box, to which said guides 5 are fixed.

Obviously, it is also possible to realize the main frame 2 as a common single hull; furthermore, said platform 51 may comprise housings 10 instead of guides 5. In this realization of the present invention, propulsion means 30 comprise a propeller or a wheel provided with blades, for generating a hydrodynamic thrust by its own rotation, or even a water jet propulsor. Furthermore, the main frame 2 may also be provided with means for the installation of known sailing or rowing devices.

It is evident that if the invention is used for realizing mobile means or vehicles of any kind, they will comprise directing means like a steering wheel or gear.

The functioning and the use of the system according to the present invention are the following.

The user choose the modular element he wants to use, e.g. one of the modular elements la-le, according to the training or exercise to perform, or simply according to his preferences.

As mentioned above, a single modular elements or a plurality of modular elements la-le, equal or different one from the other, may be connected to the same main frame 2, depending on how said main frame 2 is realized.

The present invention therefore may be used by one person or by a plurality of persons at the same time, in the latter case by means of different modular elements, connected to the same main frame 2, or by means of a single modular element usable by a plurality of persons, like a tandem.

For connecting one of the modular elements la-le to the main frame 2, the user slides tl e trolleys 4, fixed to tlie platform 3 of the modular element, along the guides 5 to the desired position. When the position is reached, he blocks tlie trolleys 4 inserting pins 9 into corresponding holes 8 on guides 5.

If the propulsion means 30 or the dissipating means 31 are associated to the main frame 2, tlie user connects the transmission means respectively associated to the modular element and to the frame, e.g. he connects the pulleys 40 and 41 by means of a belt 42.

After the use, it is possible to separate the main frame 2 from the modular element or elements la-le.

This-is useful to prevent thefts or for preventing said modular elements from being exposed to bad weather, and it is particularly advantageous for tlie embodiment shown in fig. 3, in which tlie most delicate components, like propulsion means 30 and their mechanisms, are associated only to the modular element la.

In other embodiments, otlier means may be used, substantially equivalent to those described and per se known, for the blocking of the trolleys 4 or for the connection of the modular elements la-le to the main frame 2.

It is evident that monitoring devices may be connected to the modular elements la-le, such as sensors for the heartbeat of the user, a chronometer, a meter for tlie -real or virtual - distance run, electronic or computerized devices that will allow a deteraiined fraining or to choose predeteraiined training programmes, or even other devices to make tlie use more functional or funny.

Claims

1. A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength, characterized in that it comprises modular elements (la-le) provided with ergonomic operating means for use by one or more persons, and a main frame (2) in which said modular elements may be selectively connected to said main frame, singularly or in a plurality, by means of reversible quick hooking means.
2. A modular system according to claim 1, characterized in that said reversible quick hooking means comprise linear guides (5) fixed to said main frame (2) and trolleys (4) sliding along said guides (5), associated to said modular elements (la-le).
3. A modular system according to claim 1, characterized in that said linear guides (5) comprise a plurality of references (8) adapted to cooperate with blocking means (9) associated to said trolleys (4), for determining blocking positions univocally selectable for said trolleys (4).
4. A modular system according to claim 1, characterized in that said reversible quick hooking means comprise at least one housing (10) associated to said main frame (2), for the insertion of a base (11) associated to said modular elements (la-le), and that may be blocked in position inside said housing (10).
5. A modular system according to claim 1, characterized in that devices for absorbing mechanical energy (30, 31) are associated to said main frame (2).
6. A modular system according to claims 1 and 5, characterized in that said main frame (2) and said modular elements (la- le) comprise transmission means (40, 41) that may be reversibly connected one to tlie other, and that may connect the ergonomic operating means associated to the modular elements (la-le), to the absorbing devices (30, 31) associated to the main frame (2).
7. A modular system according to claim 1, characterized in that said modular elements (la-le) comprise devices (30) for absorbing mechanical energy, mechanically connected to the operating means associated to said modular elements.
8. A human powered boat, characterized in that it comprises a modular system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said main frame (2) comprises hulls (50a, 50b) connected by beams (52) for supporting at least one frame (53) to which reversible quick hooking means (5, 10) for said modular elements (la-le) are associated.
9. A human powered boat, characterized in that it comprises a modular system according to one or more of tlie preceding claims, wherein said main frame (2) comprises hulls (50a, 50b) connected by a platform (51) comprising said reversible quick hooking means (5, 10) for said modular elements (la- le).
10. A mobile mean or a static machine operated by human muscular strength, for training, physical exercise or recreational use, characterized in that it comprises a modular system according to one or more of d e preceding claims.
PCT/IT2003/000203 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength WO2003103779A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITCR2002A000010 2002-06-10
ITCR20020010 ITCR20020010A1 (en) 2002-06-10 2002-06-10 Modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operable by the muscular force of man

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2003224433A AU2003224433A1 (en) 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength
US10/517,389 US20050187072A1 (en) 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 Modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength
EP20030720860 EP1519772B1 (en) 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength
DE2003626586 DE60326586D1 (en) 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 Modular system for the realization of movable or immobilized devices driven by muscle power

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2003103779A1 true WO2003103779A1 (en) 2003-12-18

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ID=29727255

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IT2003/000203 WO2003103779A1 (en) 2002-06-10 2003-04-03 A modular system for realizing mobile means or static machines operated by human muscular strength

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US (1) US20050187072A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1519772B1 (en)
AT (1) AT424900T (en)
AU (1) AU2003224433A1 (en)
DE (1) DE60326586D1 (en)
IT (1) ITCR20020010A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003103779A1 (en)

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US6394935B1 (en) * 1999-09-03 2002-05-28 Intra-Med Industries, Inc. Therapeutic exercise apparatus

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EP0194359A3 (en) * 1985-02-27 1987-02-25 Karel Willems A vessel and driving means
US5702274A (en) * 1995-07-06 1997-12-30 White; Robert D. Flotatation device propelled by human-powered ski machine
US5547406A (en) * 1995-07-06 1996-08-20 White; Robert D. Floatation device with propeller and rudder driven by a bicycle
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US5921824A (en) * 1998-09-01 1999-07-13 Ilagan; Artemio M. Water workout apparatus
US6146218A (en) * 1998-09-08 2000-11-14 White; Robert D. Universal platform for human powered floatation devices

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE17941C (en) *
US5544906A (en) * 1994-06-30 1996-08-13 Clapper; Lawrence D. (Jake) Human powered recumbent vehicle
US5833256A (en) * 1995-11-20 1998-11-10 Gilmore; Roger C. User powered vehicle and propulsion mechanism
US6394935B1 (en) * 1999-09-03 2002-05-28 Intra-Med Industries, Inc. Therapeutic exercise apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT424900T (en) 2009-03-15
EP1519772B1 (en) 2009-03-11
AU2003224433A1 (en) 2003-12-22
US20050187072A1 (en) 2005-08-25
EP1519772A1 (en) 2005-04-06
DE60326586D1 (en) 2009-04-23
ITCR20020010A1 (en) 2003-12-10

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