WO2003076805A1 - Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor - Google Patents

Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor

Info

Publication number
WO2003076805A1
WO2003076805A1 PCT/BR2003/000034 BR0300034W WO2003076805A1 WO 2003076805 A1 WO2003076805 A1 WO 2003076805A1 BR 0300034 W BR0300034 W BR 0300034W WO 2003076805 A1 WO2003076805 A1 WO 2003076805A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
piston
characterized
arrangement according
magnetic
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/BR2003/000034
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Rinaldo Puff
Original Assignee
Empresa Brasileira De Compressores S/A - Embraco
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B35/00Piston pumps characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for
    • F04B35/04Piston pumps characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for the means being electric
    • F04B35/045Piston pumps characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for the means being electric using solenoids
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K33/00Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system
    • H02K33/16Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system with polarised armatures moving in alternate directions by reversal or energisation of a single coil system

Abstract

A constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor comprising a shell (1), within which are mounted: a non-resonant assembly formed by a motor and a cylinder (2), said motor having a coil (6) generating a magnetic flow that travels through the shell (1); a resonant assembly formed by a piston (10) reciprocating inside the cylinder (2) and by an actuating means (3) operatively coupling the piston (10) to the motor, said arrangement comprising a magnetic insulating means, which is affixed to one of the parts defined by the shell (1), by the resonant assembly, and by the non-resonant assembly, and which is arranged so as to interrupt the magnetic flow path between the shell (1) and at least one of the parts defined by the piston (10) and the cylinder (2) in a direction substantially parallel to the displacement direction of the piston (10).

Description

CONSTRUCTIVE ARRANGEMENT FOR A RESONANT COMPRESSOR Field of the Invention

The present invention refers, generally, to a constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor of the type driven by a linear motor, to be applied to refrigeration systems and presenting a piston reciprocating inside a cylinder. Background of the Invention In a reciprocating compressor driven by a linear motor, the gas suction and gas compression operations are performed by the reciprocating axial movements of each piston inside a cylinder, which is closed by a cylinder head and mounted within a hermetic shell, in the cylinder head being positioned the suction and discharge valves that control the admission and discharge of the gas in relation to the cylinder. The piston is driven by an actuating means that supports magnetic components operatively associated with a linear motor affixed to the shell of the compressor. In some known constructions, each piston-actuating means assembly is connected to a resonant spring affixed to the hermetic shell of the compressor, in order to operate as a guide for the axial displacement of the piston and make the whole assembly to act resonantly in a predetermined frequency, allowing the linear motor to be adequately dimensioned to continuously supply energy to the compressor upon operation. In a known construction for a linear compressor, the linear motor is mounted around the cylinder and the piston and comprises a stack of internal laminations with a coil inserted therein, and a stack of external laminations, the magnetic actuator being linearly displaced through the space formed by these two stacks of laminations. The magnetic flow generated by the passage of an alternating current through the coil travels through the structure of the linear motor, supplying the necessary power for the axial displacement of the magnet, which is rigidly connected to the linear motor.

However, part of the magnetic flow generated by the coil also travels through other components of the linear compressor, such as the piston and the cylinder, which are both generally made of cast iron, closing a magnetic circuit with the shell of the compressor. This magnetic circuit causes the generation of Foucault currents in these components, generating electric losses in the compressor. According to the known prior art, in order to avoid such losses, at least part of the components through which is established the Foucault current should be manufactured in non-magnetic materials, such as aluminum, in order to interrupt a significant amount of the peripheral flow that is generated. However, producing components with such materials, which are very expensive, sometimes makes economically impractical the manufacture of the compressor. Object of the Invention Thus, it is an object of the present invention to provide a constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor, which without causing energetic losses during the movement of the piston, minimizes the presence of Foucault currents in a closed circuit with the components of the compressor.

A further object is to provide an arrangement such as mentioned above, which minimizes the presence of Foucault currents, without increasing the cost of the compressor and making impractical its manufacture. Summary of the Invention

These and other objects are attained through a constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor comprising a shell, within which are mounted: a non- resonant assembly formed by a motor and a cylinder, said motor having a coil generating a magnetic flow that travels through the shell; a resonant assembly formed by a piston reciprocating inside the cylinder, • and by an actuating means operatively coupling the piston to the motor, said arrangement comprising a magnetic insulating means, which is affixed to one of the parts defined by the shell, the resonant assembly, and the non-resonant assembly, and which is arranged to interrupt the magnetic flow path between the shell and at least one of the parts defined by the piston and by the cylinder in a direction substantially parallel to the displacement direction of the piston. Brief Description of the Drawings The invention will be described below, with reference to the enclosed drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a schematic longitudinal diametrical sectional view of a hermetic compressor of the type driven by a linear motor constructed according to the prior art; Figure 2 is a schematic partial longitudinal diametrical sectional view of the hermetic compressor illustrated in figure 1, presenting some magnetic flow lines traveling through the shell of the compressor and part of the components thereof, such as the piston and the cylinder; and

Figure 3 is a schematic view, such as that of figure 2, presenting some magnetic flow lines traveling through the shell and through part of the components of the compressor, according to the arrangement of the present invention. Description of the Illustrated Embodiment The present invention will be described in relation to a reciprocating compressor driven by a linear motor of the type utilized in refrigeration systems and comprising a hermetic shell 1, within which is mounted a motor-compressor assembly including a non-resonant assembly affixed to the inside of said shell 1 and formed by a linear motor and a cylinder 2, and a resonant assembly formed by a piston 10 reciprocating inside the cylinder 2 and by an actuating means 3 external to the cylinder 2 and which carries a magnet 4 to be axially impelled upon energization of the linear motor, said actuating means 3 operatively coupling the piston 10 to the linear motor. As illustrated in the enclosed drawings, the linear motor is mounted around the cylinder 2 and the piston 10 and comprises a stack of internal laminations 5 with a coil 6 inserted therein, and a stack of external laminations 7. The energization of the coil 6 by the alternating current passing therethrough generates a magnetic flow that travels through the structure of the motor, allowing the movement of both the magnet 4 and the piston 10.

According to the illustration in figure 2, in the prior art construction, the magnetic flow generated by the coil 6 travels through the structure of the linear motor, as well as through the shell 1 and other components of the compressor, closing circuits of magnetic flow lines which allow Foucault currents to be generated in these components, generating electric losses to the compressor.

In this construction, the piston 10 and the cylinder 2 are manufactured in a magnetic material, for example cast iron. In the illustrated construction, the compressor also includes spring means 8, for example in the form of helical springs, mounted under constant compression to the resonant assembly and to the non-resonant assembly and which are resiliently and axially deformable in the displacement direction of the piston 10.

In the embodiment illustrated in figure 1, the cylinder 2 has an end closed by a valve plate 20 provided with a suction valve and a discharge valve, which are not illustrated, allowing the selective fluid communication between a compression chamber 9 that is defined between a top portion 11 of the piston 10 and the valve plate 20, and respective internal portions of a cylinder head 30 that are respectively maintained in fluid communication with the low and high pressure sides of the refrigeration system to which the compressor is coupled. In this construction, the valve plate 20 is generally made of a ferrous material, such as cast or sintered iron, and the cylinder head 30 is generally made of a non-magnetic material, such as aluminum, forming a barrier to the path of the magnetic flow lines through said component .

The present invention provides a constructive arrangement for the resonant1 compressor of the type described above and comprising a magnetic insulating means, which is affixed to one of the parts defined by the shell 1, by the resonant assembly, and by the non- resonant assembly, and which is arranged to interrupt the magnetic flow path between the shell 1 and at least one of the parts defined by the piston 10 and by the cylinder 2, in a direction substantially parallel to the displacement direction of the piston 10. Although only one specific construction for the present invention, to be described below, has been illustrated, it should be understood that the invention also comprises other constructive options, such as that in which the magnetic insulating means interrupts the magnetic flow path between the non- resonant assembly and at least one of said parts defined by the piston 10 and the cylinder 2, for example, particularly interrupting the magnetic flow path between the spring means 8 disposed between the non-resonant assembly and the actuating means 3 and the latter, and more particularly between said non- resonant assembly and at least the piston 10.

The present solution also foresees a constructive option, in which a magnetic insulating means is disposed to interrupt the magnetic flow between the actuating means 3 and at least said piston 10. Since the Foucault currents generate more losses when the magnetic flow lines are crossing bodies of higher mass, the present invention, when applied between the actuating means 3 and the piston 10 and the cylinder 2, provides a magnetic insulating means preferably between said actuating means and the piston 10, as described hereafter, and it can additionally provide the magnetic insulating means between the actuating means 3 and the cylinder 2.

In this constructive option, the magnetic insulating means is defined by at least part of the piston 10, and it can also be defined by at least part of the cylinder 2.

While the solution in which the whole piston 10 is constructed in a magnetic insulating material interrupts the magnetic flow traversing these components of the compressor, such solution, besides being expensive is not the ideal one because the piston 10 does not form an adequate tribologic pair with the cylinder 2. On the other hand, the construction of the cylinder 2 in a magnetic insulating material that is tribologically compatible with the piston 10, not only makes the construction of the compressor impractical, as a function of the high cost thereof, but also results in an insatisfactory tribologic pair, which is not the more adequate one when cast iron is used.

In a constructive option of the present solution, the magnetic insulating means comprises, for example at least one element made of a non-magnetic material disposed between the piston 10 and the actuating means 3, and each element in a non-magnetic material can be defined by a coupling portion 12 of the piston 10 connecting the actuating means 3 to the top portion 11 of the piston 10. In this construction, said top portion 11 is made of a magnetic material tribologically compatible with that of the cylinder 2, such as cast iron. In a variation of said constructive option, in which, for example, the piston 10 is massive, each element of a non-magnetic material is in the form of a pastille, not illustrated, defined adjacent to the actuating means 3 and attachable to a respective part defined by the piston 10, and which can also be attached to the cylinder 2. In another constructive option, the coupling portion 12 defines the magnetic insulating means and is mounted to the piston 10 through a respective end mounted to the top portion 11 of the piston 10, for example affixed to the inside of said top portion 11 when the latter is tubular. In the illustrated construction, the coupling portion 12 is an insert made of a non-magnetic material, such as aluminum and, for example 10mm thick, which is mounted to the inside of the top portion 11 of the piston 10 made of a material tribologically compatible with that of the cylinder 2. The fixation between the coupling portion 12 and the top portion 11 of the piston 10 can be made by any one of the processes, such as interference, welding, and gluing. Although not illustrated, the interruption of the magnetic flow in the present invention can be achieved through a magnetic insulating means in the form of a lining provided in the part to which it is affixed.

Claims

1. A constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor comprising a shell (1) , within which are mounted: a non-resonant assembly formed by a motor and a cylinder (2), said motor having a coil (6) generating a magnetic flow which travels through the shell (1) ; a resonant assembly formed by a piston (10) reciprocating inside the cylinder (2) and by an actuating means (3) operatively coupling the piston (10) to the motor, characterized in that it comprises a magnetic insulating means, which is affixed to one of the parts defined by the shell (1) , by the resonant assembly, and by the non-resonant assembly, and which is arranged to interrupt the magnetic flow path between the shell (1) and at least one of the parts defined by the piston (10) and by the cylinder (2) in a direction substantially parallel to the displacement direction of the piston (10) .
2. The arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the magnetic insulating means interrupts the magnetic flow path between the non-resonant assembly and at least one of said parts defined by the piston (10) and the cylinder (2) .
3. The arrangement according to claim 2, in which the resonant assembly carries at least one spring means
(8) mounted to the actuating means (3) and to the non- resonant assembly and which is resiliently and axially deformable in the displacement direction of the piston
(10) , characterized in that the magnetic insulating means interrupts the magnetic flow path between said spring means (8) and at least one of said parts defined by the piston (10) and the cylinder (2) .
4. The arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that the magnetic insulating means interrupts the magnetic flow path at least between the actuating means (3) and the piston (10) .
5. The arrangement according to claim 4, characterized in that the magnetic insulating means is defined by at least part of the piston (10) .
6. The arrangement according to claim 5 , characterized in that the magnetic insulating means is defined by at least part of the cylinder (2) .
7. The arrangement according to claim 4 , characterized in that the magnetic insulating means comprises at least one element made of a non-magnetic material disposed between the piston (10) and the actuating means (3) .
8. The arrangement according to claim 7, characterized in that each element in a non-magnetic material is defined by a coupling portion (12) of the piston (10) connecting the actuating means (3) to a top portion (11) of the piston (10) .
9. The arrangement according to claim 4, characterized in that each element in a non-magnetic material is a pastille (40) defined adjacent to the actuating means (3) and attachable to a respective part defined by the piston (10) and by the cylinder (2) .
10. The arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the magnetic insulating means is a lining provided in the part to which it is affixed.
11. The arrangement according to claim 5, characterized in that the piston (10) is massive.
12. The arrangement according to claim 8, characterized in that the coupling portion (12) has an end mounted to the inside of the top portion (11) of the piston (10) .
13. The arrangement according to claim 12, characterized in that the top portion (11) is tubular and the coupling portion (12) is an insert mounted to the inside of the top portion (11) .
14. The arrangement according to claim 13, characterized in that the insert is mounted to the top portion (11) by any one of the processes, such as interference, welding, or gluing.
15. The arrangement according to claim 7, characterized in that the element in a non-magnetic material presents a thickness of at least about 10mm.
PCT/BR2003/000034 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor WO2003076805A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BR0201154 2002-03-13
BRPI0201154-9 2002-03-13

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10504923 US20050129540A1 (en) 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor
KR20047013776A KR20040096653A (en) 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor
EP20030707940 EP1483504A1 (en) 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor
JP2003574992A JP2005520089A (en) 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Structural devices for resonance compressor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2003076805A1 true true WO2003076805A1 (en) 2003-09-18

Family

ID=27792692

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/BR2003/000034 WO2003076805A1 (en) 2002-03-13 2003-03-11 Constructive arrangement for a resonant compressor

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US20050129540A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1483504A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2005520089A (en)
KR (1) KR20040096653A (en)
CN (1) CN1643253A (en)
WO (1) WO2003076805A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005000894B4 (en) * 2004-07-26 2015-10-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Piston engine and provided therewith piston compressor

Families Citing this family (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB0224986D0 (en) 2002-10-28 2002-12-04 Smith & Nephew Apparatus
GB0325129D0 (en) 2003-10-28 2003-12-03 Smith & Nephew Apparatus in situ
KR20070056702A (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-04 엘지전자 주식회사 Linear compressor
CA2604623A1 (en) 2006-09-28 2008-03-28 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Portable wound therapy system
EP3254650A1 (en) 2007-11-21 2017-12-13 Smith & Nephew PLC Wound dressing
KR20090105471A (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-10-07 엘지전자 주식회사 Receprocating motor and receprocating compressor having the same
CN101865111B (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-10-19 大连理工大学 Resonance compressor
CN102005890B (en) * 2010-10-18 2012-11-21 南京航空航天大学 Resonance type electromagnetic actuator
US9084845B2 (en) 2011-11-02 2015-07-21 Smith & Nephew Plc Reduced pressure therapy apparatuses and methods of using same
US9901664B2 (en) 2012-03-20 2018-02-27 Smith & Nephew Plc Controlling operation of a reduced pressure therapy system based on dynamic duty cycle threshold determination
US9427505B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-08-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Negative pressure wound therapy apparatus
CN102777353A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-14 张华媛 Linear compressor with damping structure

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3461806A (en) * 1965-03-12 1969-08-19 Maurice Barthalon Reciprocating electric motor
FR2131195A5 (en) * 1970-09-01 1972-11-10 Bison Anstalt
EP0954086A2 (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-11-03 Matsushita Refrigeration Company Linear motor and linear compressor
JP2000297751A (en) * 1999-04-15 2000-10-24 Matsushita Refrig Co Ltd Vibration type compressor

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NL156810B (en) * 1974-04-29 1978-05-16 Philips Nv Cold gas refrigerator.
US6307287B1 (en) * 1999-03-12 2001-10-23 The Penn State Research Foundation High-efficiency moving-magnet loudspeaker

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3461806A (en) * 1965-03-12 1969-08-19 Maurice Barthalon Reciprocating electric motor
FR2131195A5 (en) * 1970-09-01 1972-11-10 Bison Anstalt
EP0954086A2 (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-11-03 Matsushita Refrigeration Company Linear motor and linear compressor
JP2000297751A (en) * 1999-04-15 2000-10-24 Matsushita Refrig Co Ltd Vibration type compressor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005000894B4 (en) * 2004-07-26 2015-10-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Piston engine and provided therewith piston compressor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20050129540A1 (en) 2005-06-16 application
CN1643253A (en) 2005-07-20 application
JP2005520089A (en) 2005-07-07 application
EP1483504A1 (en) 2004-12-08 application
KR20040096653A (en) 2004-11-16 application

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