WO2003061375A1 - Trap for small animals - Google Patents

Trap for small animals Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2003061375A1
WO2003061375A1 PCT/CH2002/000040 CH0200040W WO03061375A1 WO 2003061375 A1 WO2003061375 A1 WO 2003061375A1 CH 0200040 W CH0200040 W CH 0200040W WO 03061375 A1 WO03061375 A1 WO 03061375A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
housing
closing element
characterized
device according
safety
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CH2002/000040
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Jean-Marc Malevez
Original Assignee
Jean-Marc Malevez
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jean-Marc Malevez filed Critical Jean-Marc Malevez
Priority to PCT/CH2002/000040 priority Critical patent/WO2003061375A1/en
Publication of WO2003061375A1 publication Critical patent/WO2003061375A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M23/00Traps for animals
    • A01M23/16Box traps
    • A01M23/22Box traps with dropping covers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M23/00Traps for animals
    • A01M23/24Spring traps, e.g. jaw or like spring traps
    • A01M23/36Spring traps, e.g. jaw or like spring traps with arrangements for piercing the victim

Abstract

The invention relates to a trap whereby the housing (10) is preferably cylindrical and hollow and has, at one end, at least one, preferably two opposite lateral openings (11). An optionally cylindrical and hollow, longitudinal displaceable closing element (6) is arranged above said openings (11) in the standby position. A closure mechanism (50, 60, 70) locks said closing element (30) in said tensed position, which is preferably reinforced in a prestressed manner by a spring (90) against the cover (40) of the housing (10). When the closure mechanism (50, 60, 70) has been released by a triggering mechanism (80), for example, when an animal enters through one of the openings (11), the closing element (30) is suddenly lowered by the prestressed spring (90) and the animal is either struck on the neck or locked in the trap (15).

Description

Safety gear for small animals

The present invention relates to a catching device for catching small animals according to the preamble of claim 1.

A lot of devices and methods are known to control small animals such as e.g. Catch mice, rats, martens etc. and kill them if necessary. Especially in open fields with plants, such as orchards, e.g. Mice cause great damage and must therefore be removed. To do this, they can either be captured and carried away, or they are gassed, poisoned, or killed by traps.

In the mechanical devices, a bait is conventionally placed in the device such that the animal is guided to the bait via a defined path and thereby actuates a spring-loaded trigger mechanism, which either closes the entrance to the closed device or a swivel or driven by a strong spring Strike mechanism actuated, which should kill the animal. Such devices are often used above ground. Such devices require time-consuming and extensive preparation for underground use.

A catching device is known from WO / CH00 / 00407 which can catch animals reliably and safely and which can be easily positioned and controlled. The housing of this safety device is designed as a hollow body and has lateral openings. Above the openings is a closing element in the form of part of a Hollow body arranged longitudinally. A rocker blocks the closing element, which is open by means of a spring that is biased against the ceiling of the housing. If the locking mechanism is released via a release mechanism, for example when an animal enters through one of the openings, the closing element is pressed down by the pretensioned spring and the animal is slain in the area of the neck or locked in the trap area.

Starting from this embodiment, the object of the present invention was to further improve such a fan device and in particular to improve the incentive for an animal to enter the trap. Furthermore, such a safety device should be able to be used for as many different animal types as possible.

According to the invention, this object is achieved by a safety gear with the characterizing features of claim 1.

Preferred embodiments result from the dependent claims 2 to 24.

The inventive design of the safety catch allows safe operation, ie tensioning of the safety catch by the loading handle arranged on the closing element. This ensures very simple, safe and quick handling of the safety gear. The high efficiency of the safety gear can be guaranteed by simple adjustments to the different safety patterns of different animal species. If two or more catch openings are preferably formed, the catch device can act not only on one side but on more than one side. This means that it can be used, for example, in the area of aisle branches or in the middle of a course and has an effect regardless of the direction in which the animals pass.

The catch openings are preferably dimensioned so large that only a small web is formed between these catch openings. Then the direction of the aisles does not have to be exactly determined, since even if the safety gear is not aligned correctly, there is no danger that all the catch openings will be covered by earth material and thus the aisle completely closed or. is interrupted.

Another great advantage of the present invention is that the safety gear has a very robust and easily maintainable structure and can therefore be operated with great economy, particularly when used in the open field.

If the housing is preferably closed except for the catch openings, especially when used underground, no light or drafts can enter the passages of the animals to be caught from top to bottom. It has been shown that the fishing results can be further improved in certain animals, in particular in animals which avoid the incidence of light and passage. The closed design also allows bait to be introduced into the safety gear, which among other things helps to avoid by-catches. Alternatively, the use of lattice-like structures or translucent materials, as well as the use of light stimuli, noise stimuli, tactile stimuli and / or swiping, can induce certain other animal species to enter the safety gear.

Due to the robust construction, the safety devices according to the invention are suitable for a large number of fields of application. For example, it can be underground or above ground in the earth area. can be used in water by simply placing it on the floor or hanging it up. A hanging device for the catching device, which is arranged above water, for example, and which releases this when the catching device closes, allows the animals to be caught and drown in the water.

The preferred arrangement of the trigger and lever elements allows a very rapid response of the closing element even with the smallest triggering forces, but a locking position is also provided in which the device cannot be triggered.

Exemplary embodiments of the present invention are explained in more detail below with reference to figures. Show it

1 shows the view of a safety device according to the invention in the cocked position;

2 shows the view of the housing of the safety device according to FIG. 1; 3 shows the view of the closing element of the safety device according to FIG. 1;

4 shows the detailed view of the triggering mechanism of the safety device according to FIG. 1;

5 shows the schematic longitudinal section through the head region of a safety device according to the invention in the cocked position;

6 shows the schematic longitudinal section through the catching device according to FIG. 5 in the closed position;

7 shows the detailed longitudinal section through the head region of FIG. 5 in the tensioned position;

8 shows the detailed longitudinal section through the head region of FIG. 5 in the locked position;

9 is a view of a preferred embodiment of the trigger;

Fig. 10 is a schematic view of a preferred embodiment of the guide, respectively. Holder of the trigger axis of the locking mechanism;

11 shows the view of the foot area of a safety device according to the invention with additional elements in the safety space;

12 is a view of an alternative embodiment of the trigger; and 13 shows a preferred embodiment of the cover of a safety device according to the invention with a fragrance holder.

FIG. 1 shows the view of a safety device according to the invention. The hollow cylindrical housing 10, which preferably has a circular cross section, has two lateral catch openings 11, which are laterally delimited by the webs 13. It has been shown that the arrangement of two diametrically opposed catch openings 11 in the width of approximately 40% of the circumference of the housing 10 and thus relatively narrow webs 13 has led to good catch results.

Alternatively, the cross section of the housing 10 can also be rectangular, quadrangular or polygonal and preferably more than just two catch openings 11 can be formed on the housing 10. Furthermore, the housing 10 can be provided with insulation on its outside.

The catch openings 11 are advantageously formed to form an edge 12 on the lower end face of the catch openings 11, which serves as a grip edge for the animals to be caught.

In the interior of the housing 10, the closing element 30 is designed in the form of an element, which is also preferably hollow-cylindrical and simulates a corridor and can be displaced along the inner wall of the housing 10. The closing element 30 is preferably upwards to the cover 40 with a spring 90, preferably a spiral compression spring (not shown here).

The closing element 30 is positioned, for example, with a gap dimension of approximately 1 mm from the inner wall of the housing 10. However, this gap dimension can also be significantly larger and vary. This gap dimension in combination with the design of the rocker 60 described further below makes it possible to vary the movement of the trigger 80 likewise described below to trigger the safety gear. The gap dimension also has the advantage that, on the one hand, a trouble-free movement of the closing element 30 within the housing 10 is ensured by little frictional resistance and, on the other hand, a self-cleaning effect is achieved by repeatedly moving the closing element 30 back and forth. This can be done particularly simply by the handle part 50 connected to the closing element 30, which preferably projects outwards or upwards from a groove 14 formed parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing 10. This groove 14 also serves as a guide for a rotation-free movement of the closing element 30.

In the interior of the housing 10, a trigger axis 70 is arranged parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing and can be pivoted about its longitudinal axis, which projects down into the catching space 15 of the housing 10 accessible through the catch openings 11 and protrudes from the top of the cover 40 through an opening 44 upwards. At the lower end of the trigger axis 70, the trigger 80 is attached, which projects transversely through the catch space 15 into the housing 10. The upper end of the trigger axis 70 is here advantageously bent downward in a U-shape and formed det the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70. The tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 presses in the tensioned position shown, as will be described in more detail below in FIGS. 5 and 7, from above onto the tip 61 of the rocker 60, which can be pivoted on the loading handle 50 is fixed, and thus fixes the rocker 60 in this position.

The course of the aisle, in which the safety gear has been used here, for example, is further shown in dashed lines in FIG. An incorrect gear can continue from the catching space 15 downward, for example formed by a downwardly elongated housing 10 of the catching device (also shown in dashed lines).

In Figure 2, the hollow cylindrical housing 10 is shown. The lower side catch openings 11, through which the animal to be caught can enter the catch space 15, and the groove 14 for the loading handle 50 of the closing element 30 can be seen. The housing 10 can, for example, be made simply from metal, preferably from stainless steel. Alternatively, the housing can also be made from a fiber-reinforced plastic. As an alternative to the circular cross section, the housing 1 can also have an angular cross section, for example a square cross section, as has already been mentioned.

The catching space 15 can either be designed to be open at the bottom, completely or only partially with a fixed or movable cover, airtight and / or light-tight or - permeable or closed with a grille 22 or perforated cover. The capture space 15 can advantageously be dimensioned such that the target animals, ie the animals desired to be captured, can only actuate the trigger 80 when they have completely entered the capture space 15 and are thus caught alive. On the other hand, the capture space 15 can advantageously be dimensioned so small that the target animals can only penetrate with the head area in order to actuate the trigger 80, and thus an animal-friendly neck blow is carried out by the closing element 30, which guarantees rapid killing.

The catching space 15 can be designed to have different depths upwards and / or downwards, and can replace a steep branching of the aisle that runs upwards and / or downwards.

FIG. 3 shows the view of the closing element 30 in more detail. The closing element 30 is advantageously also constructed as a hollow cylinder and is completely open at the bottom. The lower edge 31 of the closing element 30 preferably has a plurality of feet 32, in this case, for example, two feet 32 projecting downwards. These feet 32 either have a straight edge as shown, but may also have a serrated or toothed lower edge, for example, or may be completely absent. This edge can be padded with a variety of materials as required so as not to injure the animals to be caught. By appropriate dimensioning of the lengths respectively. The height of these feet 32 can be achieved, for example, by an animal entering the capture space 15 and actuating the trigger 80 for the locking element 30 through the locking element ment 30 killed, but the skin is not torn open.

The upper edge 33 of the closing element 30 is advantageously designed to run obliquely with respect to the longitudinal axis. On the one hand, this / overall weight of the closing element 30 is reduced and, on the other hand, optimal sliding behavior within the housing 10 is achieved. It has been shown that the unequal wall lengths along the circumference do not result in an exactly coaxial movement of the closing element 30 in the housing 10, but instead advantageously a slight back and forth swinging during the displacement process, which is of great advantage for the reliable functionality of the Device is.

An intermediate floor 34 is preferably attached between the lower edge 31 and the upper edge 33 of the closing element 30. This intermediate floor 34 can either be a completely closed plate which, in the position shown, is connected, for example welded, to the inner walls of the closing element 30, or can also consist of a grid or similar shut-off elements provided with openings 36, which can be opened or closed as desired can be. In the closed position of the device, ie when the closing element 30 is lowered, this intermediate floor 34 delimits the catching space 15 upwards and prevents an animal caught in the catching space 15 from possibly escaping upward out of the catching device. A camera can also be installed at this point, which can record the behavior of the animals when entering the device. On the upper edge 33 of the closing element 30, the charging handle 50 protruding outwards or upwards is attached, for example welded on. The charging handle 50 is designed as a flat plate and advantageously has a concave indentation 54 that is easy to grip on its underside. In this way, the loading handle 50 can be moved ergonomically with the finger of one hand against the clamping direction of the closing element 30 from the closed position into the tensioned position.

The loading handle 50 advantageously has a bore 51 on its upper, outer edge, via which the rocker 60 can be pivotally connected to the closing element 30, as is shown in detail in FIG.

The rocker 60 is advantageously designed as a U-shaped bracket, the two free legs of which surround the charging handle 50 and engage in the bore 51 of the charging handle 50 via inwardly directed pins 62. The pivotable connection between the loading handle 50 and the rocker 60 is thus easily realized. The pins 62 can advantageously be formed directly from the material of the two legs or, if necessary, used separately.

The connecting web between the two legs of the rocker 60 preferably has an outwardly projecting, triangular tip 61, against which the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 can be brought into contact. As a result of this configuration of the tip 61, this support is already eliminated by a small twisting movement of the trigger tip 71, as occurs when an animal entering the capture space 15 actuates the trigger axis 70. However, the tip 61 of the rocker 60 can also be made wider in order to significantly increase the movement of the trigger 80 required to trigger the mechanism. The trigger angle can thus be specifically adjusted to the target animals.

A collar 45 formed by the cover 40, which projects from the edge of the housing 10 and has a slot 41 for carrying out both the loading handle 50 and the rocker 60, serves, for example, as a support for fixing the rocker 60. The slot 41 is T-shaped so that the rocker 60 can pivot from its horizontal position in the cocked position to a vertical position in the triggered position within the slot 41.

The surface of the edge 42 of the collar 45 serves as a stop for the rocker 60 in the tensioned position, i.e. when the rocker 60 is fixed in the slightly inclined position by the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70, as can be seen from FIG. 5.

As soon as the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 is moved away from the stop against the tip 61 of the rocker 60, the tension exerted by the spring 90 on the closing element 30 can cause the closing element to move.

The movement of the closing element 30 also moves the loading handle 50 downward, which is made possible by pivoting the rocker 60 from the slightly inclined to the vertical position. This position is shown in FIG the release of the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 is shown schematically.

FIG. 7 again shows the position of the rocker 60 in the tensioned position in a longitudinal section through the cover 40. The rocker 60 lies essentially on the edge 42 of the slot 41 on the collar 45 of the cover 40 and is countered by the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 against the force acting upwards, which acts on the rocker 60 via the loading lever 50 and the pin 62 is transferred, fixed.

The trigger axis 70 is in turn fixed in a high position by the locking ring 74, which is locked in a groove 73 (not shown). It is thereby achieved that the triggering movement of the rocker 60 has already been partially completed and that the rocker 60 only has to take a reduced path in order to release the closing element 30, i.e. a gain in speed is thereby achieved.

The inclined orientation of the rocker 60 in the tensioned position also causes the closing element 30 to be held in a relatively unstable position between the walls of the housing 10, thus largely avoiding friction between the walls between the closing element 30 and the housing 10. The vertical displaceability of the trigger axis 70 also allows the trigger 80 to not block the closing of the catch openings 11 by the closing element 30.

The T-shaped design of the slot 41 and the ends 63 of the rocker 60 pivoted toward the housing 10 allow set a stable blocking position of the safety gear, in which the closing element 30 cannot be triggered, as is shown schematically in FIG. 8. For this purpose, the rocker 60 is pivoted outwards, as a result of which there is contact on both edges 42 of the slot 40. This stable support can only be lifted again from the outside by the user by pivoting the rocker 60 through 180 ° into the position shown in FIG. In this way, the safety catch can be secured in a simple manner, for example for maintenance work or for introducing or removing objects into the safety space 15.

Instead of the compression spring 90 indicated in FIGS. 5 and 6, a tension spring can also be used as the tensioning element. Furthermore, it is also conceivable to provide other types of drives such as hydraulic or pneumatic drives, in which the pressure or. Tractive force can be transmitted to the closing element 30 via a valve actuated by the trigger axis 70 and a corresponding actuating cylinder. It is also conceivable to implement the drive by means of an electric motor, in particular when the closing speed of the closing element 30 is of minor importance. Furthermore, it is also conceivable that the closing element 30 is driven by a pyro-technical means, that is to say it is actuated by triggering an explosive charge, which may also kill the target animal. In these types of drives, the trigger rod 12 would have to be coupled to a corresponding valve or switch. Attachment is also conceivable a collecting room for caught animals, which is separated from the actual catching room 15 by a one-way lock.

FIG. 9 shows the view of the preferred embodiment of the trigger 80 at the lower end of the trigger axis 70. The trigger 80 is designed as a spring body 83, from which the trigger arm 84 projects essentially perpendicularly from the trigger axis 70. This has the advantage that the trigger 80 can simply be pushed onto the lower end of the trigger axis 70 and fixed at the desired height. This height can thus be varied in order to adapt it to the target animal. The spring action of the spring body 83 holds the trigger arm 84 in the corresponding position and also has a sufficiently large frictional force to be able to rotate the trigger axis 70 in the housing 10 and thus to move the tip 71 of the trigger axis 70 away from the tip 61 of the rocker 60. By attaching the left and right-hand wound spring bodies 83, a directional correction of the trigger arms 84 can be carried out easily even in the installed state.

The trigger 80 can also preferably have the shape of a partially or completely closed trigger wall 81, wherein the possible opening 82 can be covered by a grid or a transparent material, as shown in FIG. 12.

The trigger axis 70 is advantageously within the housing 1 in the bores 44 of the cover 40, respectively. 35 of the intermediate floor 34 is pivotally mounted and displaceable in height. Alternatively, the storage can be in the upper area of the housing 10 or in the closing element 30 via one of the Housing wall inwardly bent tab 110 with a bore 111, as shown schematically in Figure 10. This tab 110 can alternatively also be formed on the housing 10 so as to protrude from the outside and the trigger rod 70 can be guided along the outside of the housing 10. This is particularly the case if, instead of a closed cover 40, only a grid is used as the upper end in the housing 10.

In order to reliably lure an animal to be caught completely into the capture space 15, additional guide elements 100, such as guide steps 101, can be used in the area of the catch openings, as can be seen from FIG. The guide steps 101 can only be arranged in the catching space 15 or protrude outward from the catching opening 11. A guide wall 102 can guide the animal further up or down into the catching space 15, for example in the form of individual steps or through a body which is curved convexly up or down. Plate resp. Area.

In this case, the trigger 80 is also arranged higher or lower on the trigger axis 70, possibly even above or below the opening area of the catch openings 11.

Guide channels can be attached in front of the catch openings 11, which can be used to prevent certain non-target animals from accessing the catch device when used above ground, and on the other hand can increase the attractiveness of the catch device for the target animals. If the catching space 15 is not completely closed, for example by attaching small individual holes. Passages in the side wall of the housing 10 and / or the closing element 30, respectively. of the intermediate floor 34 and / or of the cover 40 and / or of the floor 20, specific attractants, light, noise, pull-through effects or tactile effects can be used in accordance with the animal species to be caught. Thus, for example, the catch area 15 can be illuminated in the upper area if the catch device is to be used in the ground, or fragrances can be introduced which attract the animals and entice the catch area 15 to penetrate. For example, a scent holder 47 can be integrated in a detachable cover 46 attached in the cover 40, as shown in FIG.

If the safety gear is to be used on level ground, it can also be arranged on a base plate, either detachable or permanently connected to this base plate.

By selecting the dimensions of the catching device, it can be used for a large number of different animals, and, due to the embodiment variants described above, advantageously used either for the immediate and reliable killing of the animals or for catching the animals alive.

The closing element 30 can advantageously have latching means (not shown) on its underside, for example in the form of resiliently bent tabs, which in the closed position, ie when the latch is completely - left

lowered locking element 30, engage resiliently in corresponding recesses in the wall area of the housing 10 and thus block the locking element 30 in this position against unintentional displacement. This can reliably prevent a captive animal from being able to free itself from the catch device or with the support of other animals.

Claims

1. Catching device for catching small animals with a housing (10) designed as a hollow body, which has at least one lateral catch opening (11) in the area of one end in the basic position, a trigger mechanism (50, 60, 70) with a extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the housing, in the area of the lateral catch opening (11) arranged trigger (80) and a trigger axis (70), which is releasably connected to the catch opening (11) at least partially above or to the side by means of a drive means ( 90) displaceable or rotatable closing element (30) is coupled, the drive means when releasing the coupling between the release mechanism (50, 60, 70) and closing element (30) moves the latter into a closed position in which at least one of the lateral catch openings ( 11) is closed,
 characterized in that the closing element (30) has a loading handle (50) projecting beyond the outside of the housing (10) and a rocker (60) pivotably connected to the closing element (30), which in the tensioned position also in the pivoted position a collar (45) formed on the housing (10) is in contact and is fixed there by the trigger axis (70).
2. Safety catch according to claim 1, characterized in that the trigger (80) is connected to a trigger axis (70) which runs essentially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing and is rotatably mounted on the housing (10) about its axis, preferably the trigger axis (70) in  <Desc / Clms Page number 20>  Is arranged essentially running inside the housing (10).
3. Safety catch device according to claim 2, characterized in that the trigger axis (70) is passed through at least one tab (110) which is folded out of the housing wall (10) and formed by the housing wall material, preferably through a tab attached in the tab Bore (111).
4. Safety catch device according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the trigger (80) has a coil spring element (83), the straight end of which is designed as a trigger arm (84) which projects essentially perpendicularly from the coil spring axis, wherein the coil spring element (83) is pushed onto the lower end of the trigger axis (70).
5. Safety catch according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the bottom side of the housing (10), at its end having the safety openings (11), is only partially closed or completely open.
6. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the head side of the housing (10) has a cover (40) which has at least one, preferably a plurality of openings or is designed as a grid.
7. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the head side of the housing (10) has a cover (40) which consists of an at least partially translucent material.  <Desc / Clms Page number 21>  
8. Safety catch according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the housing (10) has a round or polygonal cross-section and that the closing element (30) has the same cross-section reduced in such a way that the closing element (30) with a small radial distance within the inner wall of the housing (10) is displaceable, preferably at a distance between 0.5 and 5 mm.
9. Safety catch device according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the closing element (30) has a completely open end face in its lower region, with the wall running completely closed laterally, and preferably one at a distance from the end face has completely closed intermediate floor (34).
10. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the front edge (31) of the closing elements (30) has multiple feet, respectively. Has teeth (32), preferably at least two, with straight or serrated edges.
11. Safety catch device according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the upper end of the closing element (30) has an edge (33) which runs obliquely to the longitudinal axis.
12. Safety catch device according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that at the upper end of the closing element (30) a flange is formed projecting radially outwards as a loading handle (50), preferably on its underside a concave recess (54).  <Desc / Clms Page number 22>  
13. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the rocker (60) is U-shaped, and its leg ends with the locking element (6), preferably via the loading handle (50), pivotable ver - are tied and which have an outwardly projecting tip (61) on the connecting web between the two other leg ends, on which the release axis (70) can be brought into abutment.
14. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the upper end of the release axis (70) is designed as a bracket with a pointed end (71), the tip (71) preferably parallel to the housing axis to the underside of the housing is oriented.
15. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that two diametrically opposite catching openings (11) are formed on the housing (10), which preferably have the same dimensions or. Have dimensions.
16. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 15, characterized in that a single safety opening (11) comprises at least 30% and at most 47% of the circumference of the housing (1).
17. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized in that a spring (90), preferably a compression spring, is used as the drive means, which is supported on the one hand against the housing (10) and on the other hand against the closing element (30) ,  <Desc / Clms Page number 23>  
18. Safety gear according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized in that a hydraulic or pneumatic medium such as air, gas, oil or water is used as the drive means, which acts on the closing element (30) from a storage medium ,
19. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized in that explosives are used as the drive means for the closing element (30).
20. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 19, characterized in that the closing element (30) is coupled to a braking element which can adjust the speed of movement of the closing element (30) from the basic position to the closed position or predefined reduced.
21. Safety catch device according to one of claims 1 to 20, characterized in that at least one latching means is arranged between the housing (10) and the closing element (30) and blocks the closing element (30) in the closed position.
22. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 21, characterized in that additional guide elements (100) are arranged in the area of the safety openings (11) on the outside and / or inside of the housing (10), preferably at different distances in relation on the bottom (20) of the housing (10).
23. Safety device according to one of claims 1 to 22, characterized in that the housing (10) and / or the  <Desc / Clms Page number 24>  Closing element (30) has several small recesses in its outer wall.
24. Safety gear according to one of claims 1 to 23, characterized in that at least the housing (10) and / or the closing element (30) consist of stainless steel or of a fiber-reinforced plastic.
PCT/CH2002/000040 2002-01-25 2002-01-25 Trap for small animals WO2003061375A1 (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2870672A1 (en) * 2004-05-27 2005-12-02 Philippe Fournier Mechanical trap for destroying e.g. mole, has ratchet provoking expansion of spring and propelling main axle that attains mole using nails when recess is freed, and pointed lower rod fixed to central cylinder
EP1894469A1 (en) * 2006-09-01 2008-03-05 SWISSINNO SOLUTIONS GmbH Animal trap
DE102014102399A1 (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-27 Stefan Putzlocher Live trap for moles and life trap system
US9474264B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2016-10-25 Paul James Meissner Animal trap
US10368540B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2019-08-06 Paul James Meissner Animal trap

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US5329724A (en) * 1993-01-26 1994-07-19 Saleman Walter M Rodent trap
WO2001006850A1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2001-02-01 Malevez Jean Marc Trap for small animals

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US4685245A (en) * 1987-02-27 1987-08-11 Lapier Theodore M Rodent trap
US4858373A (en) * 1988-10-24 1989-08-22 Combs Linsey L Small animal trap
US5329724A (en) * 1993-01-26 1994-07-19 Saleman Walter M Rodent trap
WO2001006850A1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2001-02-01 Malevez Jean Marc Trap for small animals

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2870672A1 (en) * 2004-05-27 2005-12-02 Philippe Fournier Mechanical trap for destroying e.g. mole, has ratchet provoking expansion of spring and propelling main axle that attains mole using nails when recess is freed, and pointed lower rod fixed to central cylinder
EP1894469A1 (en) * 2006-09-01 2008-03-05 SWISSINNO SOLUTIONS GmbH Animal trap
WO2008025587A1 (en) 2006-09-01 2008-03-06 Swissinno Solutions Gmbh Animal trap
US9474264B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2016-10-25 Paul James Meissner Animal trap
US10368540B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2019-08-06 Paul James Meissner Animal trap
DE102014102399A1 (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-27 Stefan Putzlocher Live trap for moles and life trap system

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