WO2003041050A3 - Device for correcting intonational imperfections of brass instruments - Google Patents

Device for correcting intonational imperfections of brass instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2003041050A3
WO2003041050A3 PCT/HR2002/000055 HR0200055W WO03041050A3 WO 2003041050 A3 WO2003041050 A3 WO 2003041050A3 HR 0200055 W HR0200055 W HR 0200055W WO 03041050 A3 WO03041050 A3 WO 03041050A3
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pipe length
compensation slide
intonational
tone
imperfection
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/HR2002/000055
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2003041050A9 (en
WO2003041050A2 (en
Original Assignee
Lampeg Nikola
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to HRP2001o829A priority Critical
Priority to HR20010829A priority patent/HRP20010829B1/en
Application filed by Lampeg Nikola filed Critical Lampeg Nikola
Publication of WO2003041050A2 publication Critical patent/WO2003041050A2/en
Publication of WO2003041050A3 publication Critical patent/WO2003041050A3/en
Publication of WO2003041050A9 publication Critical patent/WO2003041050A9/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/10Lip-reed wind instruments, i.e. using the vibration of the musician's lips, e.g. cornets, trumpets, trombones or French horns
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/01Tuning devices

Abstract

The corrector of intonation imperfections in 3 or 4 vlve brass instruments solves the intonation imperfections in all 3 or 4 valve brass instruments (f.e.: trumpet, French horn, ventile trombone, tube, tenor horn, bass tuba, fanfare) in the following way: by means of a compensation slide the adequate adjustments of the pipe length occur. The intonation imperfections in wind instruments are marked by the following: If using the 5th, 6th and 7th pipe length an insufficiency of the instrument’s pipe length occurs. For that reason all three vertical sequences of tones, played at those lengths, are relatively too low. Of the 10 monstly used tones from the harmonics only the following are correct and have an intonation precision: 4 tones (1st, 2nd, 4th and 8th tone). Three tones are too high (3rd, 6th and 9th tone) and three tones are too low (5th, 7th and 10th tone). If, by means of a compensation slide, the basic pipe length is shortened, the intonation of the played tone raises. If, by means of a compensation slide, the basic pipe length is lengthened, the intonation of the played tone is decreased.

Description


   <Desc/Clms Page number 1> 
 



  DEVICE FOR CORRECTING INTONATIONAL IMPERFECTIONS OF BRASS INSTRUMENTS INVENTION SPECIFICATION Engineering field Acoustics, musical instruments, trumpet : G 10   K5/00   ; 7/00; 9/00. 



  Technical problem The intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments (trumpet, French horn, ventile trombone, tuba, tenor hom, bass tuba, fanfare) are eliminated. 



  Of the 10 mostly used harmonics the   1st,   2nd, 4th and 8th tone are exact i. e. achieve an intonational precision, the 3rd, 6th and 9th tone are too high 

 <Desc/Clms Page number 2> 

 and the 5th, 7th and   10th   are too low. 



  When using the 5th, 6th and 7th pipe length, an insufficiency of the instrument's pipe length arises and for that reason all three of the vertical sequences of tones, played at the aforementioned lengths, are relatively too high. 



  Present level of technology So far all produced brass instruments had been intonationally imperfect. 



  Presentation of the invention's substance The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments is a compensation slide, built in the instrument's basic pipe length in such a way that the instrument's basic pipe length won't alter if the compensation slide is in the zero position. If one uses the compensation slide to shorten the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will increase. If one uses the compensation slide to lengthen the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will fall. 



  The compensation slide's length is   1/15   (in writing: one fifteenth part) of the instrument's basic pipe length. One fifteenth part of the pipe is the pipe length added by actuation of the second instrument's valve. 



  The zero position of the compensation slide is located at the place representing one third of the distance from the end of the side on which the instrument's basic pipe length is being shortened. 



  For an easier orientation as regards the zero position, it is possible to fit a spring reaching up to   1/3   (in writing: one third) of the compensation slide's length, measured from that side of the compensation slide in which direction the compensation slide is shortening the total pipe length. 

 <Desc/Clms Page number 3> 

 



  By using the described corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments, the problem of intonational imperfection of all 3 or 4 valve brass instruments is being solved. 



  Minute description of the invention's implementation The building in of the compensation slide has to observe a fine execution of work and given specific conditions in the field of anthropometry. 



  A fine execution of work includes: - compliance with the dimensions of the instrument into which the compensation slide is fitted and compliance with the instrument's length; - use of top-quality materials;   - all   solderings and other adjustments have to be precise. 



  The compliance with given specific conditions in the field of anthropometry includes the following:   - the   compensation slide has to be fitted in such a way that a person can use it wihout any obstacle;   - the   instruments (subjected to the building in of the compensation slide) should be altered in the following way: change in the way of the pipe deflection, in order to make an easy handling of the compensation slide possible for a person. This enables a use without any obstacle. By removal of the bordering screw the following is achieved: a max. lengthening of the compensation slide and an easy and simple   disassembly   and assembly of the compensation slide for the purpose of cleaning and lubrication. 



  List of used positive marks: 

 <Desc/Clms Page number 4> 

   1   Part of the trumpet's basic pipe length, to be replaced by the compensation slide, length:   1/15   of the total trumpet's basic pipe length 2 Upper compensation slide guide 3 Lower compensation slide guide 4 Compensation slide 5 Upper compensation slide chock 6 Handle for adjustment of the handle's position in order to achieve a change in the slide's position   8   Bordering screw of the max. extension of the compensation slide 9 Indicator of the compensation slide's position; the drawing demonstrates the compensation slide in the zero position Short description of drawings The   1 st   drawing shows a trumpet (TRUMPET IN B). 



  The 2nd drawing shows   the"A"detail,   presented on the   1 st drawing   (COMPENSATION SLIDE FOR PITCH REGULATION) The drawings in question are included in the description and are a part of the invention specification. They illustrate the so far best thought way of implementation of the invention as regards a brass instrument (model: TRUMPET IN B) and they also help in explanation of basic principles of the invention. 



  Possibilities of an industrial application Playing 3 or 4 valve brass instruments (f. e. trumpet, French hom, ventile trombone, tuba,   flugelhorn,   tenor hom, bass tuba, fanfare) without a corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments causes enormous and unsolvable intonational problems, particulary in extreme dynamics. 

 <Desc/Clms Page number 5> 

 The inovation corrects the aforementioned imperfection and can be used for solving intonational imperfection in case of the aforementioned 3 or 4 valve brass instruments, in symphony orchestras, military brass bands and other orchestras. 



  The sales prospect is unsurmisedly great. A great number of instruments is produced in many countries, f. e.: Austria, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Switzerland, Columbia, The Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Denmark, Spain, France, Greece, Hungary, Hong Kong, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Malta, Norwegen, The Netherlands, South Afrika, Russia, Sweden, Singapore, Slovenia, America. However, the brass instuments are also used worldwide. The numerousness of instruments, the geography of manufacturers and users reveal the possibility of a huge commercial success: sales prospect and profit.

Claims

PATENT REQUIREMENTS 1. The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments is marked by the following: It solves on the very same principle the intonational imperfection of all 3 or 4 brass instruments (f. e. trumpet, French horn, ventile trombone, tuba, tenor horn, bass tuba, fanfare). The pipe length is adequately adjusted in the following way: The compensation slide is drawn near to the mouthpiece and the total instrument's pipe length is shortened as required (if the played tone-5th, 7th and 10th harmonics-is too low) or the compensation slide is moved away from the mouthpiece and thus the total instrument's pipe length is extended as required (if the tone played-3rd, 6th and 9th harmonics and the tones played at the 5th, 6th and 7th pipe length-are too high).
2. The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments as per 1st requirement is marked by the following: The corrector of intonational imperfection of brass instruments, having a length from 1/3 to 1/30 (optimally 1/15) of the instrument's basic pipe length is built in the instrument's basic pipe length-in such a way that the instrument's basic pipe length won't alter if the slide is in the zero position. If one shortens-by means of the compensation slide-the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will increase. If one extends, by means of the compensation slide, the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will decrease.
3. The corrector of intonational impefection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments as per 2nd requirement is marked by the following: The zero position of the compensation slide is located at the place representing 1/3 to 1/30 (optimally 1/3) of the distance, measured from the end of the compensation slide on the side where the instrument's basic pipe length is being shortened.
4. The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments as per 3rd requirement is marked by the following: For an easier orientation as regards the zero position, it is possible to fit a spring reaching from 1/3 to 1/30 (and optimally 1/3) of the compensation slide's length, measured on <Desc/Clms Page number 7> that side of the compensation slide in which direction the compensation slide is shortening the total pipe length.
5. The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments as per 4th requirement is marked by the following: The building in of the compensation slide must comply with the principle of a fine execution of work and especially with the dimensions of the instrument into which the compensation slide is fitted. The use of adequate materials, precise solderings and other adjustments are essential. A compliance with specific conditions in the field of anthropometry is also absolutely essential. That includes the installation of the compensation slide in such a way that a person can use it without any obstacle. It is necessary to alter the instruments (subjected to the building in of the compensation slide) as regards the pipe deflection.
In that way the compensation slide is easy for a person to handle, a person can use it without any obstacle and an easy and simple dissassembly and assembly for clening and lubrication is guaranteed. <Desc/Clms Page number 8>
SUMMARY The corrector of intonational imperfection of 3 or 4 valve brass instruments solves the intonational imperfection of all 3 or 4 valve brass instruments (f. e.: trumpet, French hom, ventile trombone, tuba, tenor horn, bass tuba, fanfare) in the following way: The adequate adjustments of the pipe length occur by means of a compensation slide. The intonational imperfection of wind instruments are marked by the following: If one uses the 5th, 6th and 7th pipe length an insufficiency of the instrument's pipe length will arise. For that reason all three vertical sequences of tones, played at those lengths, are relatively too low. Of the 10 mostly used harmonics only the following are correct and have an intonational precision: 4 tones (lst, 2nd, 4th and 8th tone).
Three tones are too high (3rd, 6th and 9th tone) and three tones are too low (5th, 7th and 10th tone). If, by means of a compensation slide, one shortens the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will increase If, by means of a compensation slide, one lengthens the basic pipe length the intonation of the played tone will fall.
PCT/HR2002/000055 2001-11-09 2002-11-11 Device for correcting intonational imperfections of brass instruments WO2003041050A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
HRP2001o829A 2001-11-09
HR20010829A HRP20010829B1 (en) 2001-11-09 2001-11-09 Device for the correction of intonation deficiencies in brass instruments with three or four valves

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2002354256A AU2002354256A1 (en) 2001-11-09 2002-11-11 Device for correcting intonational imperfections of brass instruments

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2003041050A2 WO2003041050A2 (en) 2003-05-15
WO2003041050A3 true WO2003041050A3 (en) 2003-12-24
WO2003041050A9 WO2003041050A9 (en) 2004-05-27

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/HR2002/000055 WO2003041050A2 (en) 2001-11-09 2002-11-11 Device for correcting intonational imperfections of brass instruments

Country Status (3)

Country Link
AU (1) AU2002354256A1 (en)
HR (1) HRP20010829B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003041050A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES1195511Y (en) * 2017-05-12 2018-01-17 Fides Francisco Javier Montesinos Decompression tuning device for piston trumpets

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE893000C (en) * 1950-12-19 1956-07-19 Siegfried Ritterbach Device for eliminating the lack of mood in brass instruments of all kinds, with the exception of the slide trombone
US4512233A (en) * 1983-11-18 1985-04-23 Holland Jack O Pitch adjuster

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273020A (en) * 1979-05-24 1981-06-16 Happe Ralph A Method of constructing trumpet or other brass instrument
US4276804A (en) * 1979-06-11 1981-07-07 Holland Jack O Pitch adjuster for valved brass instruments
DE3519154A1 (en) * 1985-05-29 1986-12-04 Ulrich Nolte Intonation slide and lengthening push-in slides for brass instruments
DE8804266U1 (en) * 1988-03-29 1988-06-23 Miraphone Graslitzer Musikinstrumente Eg., 8264 Waldkraiburg, De
WO1995019032A2 (en) * 1994-01-10 1995-07-13 Honiba, S.A. Improvements to musical wind instruments and process for fabricating parts for said musical instruments

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE893000C (en) * 1950-12-19 1956-07-19 Siegfried Ritterbach Device for eliminating the lack of mood in brass instruments of all kinds, with the exception of the slide trombone
US4512233A (en) * 1983-11-18 1985-04-23 Holland Jack O Pitch adjuster

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU2002354256A1 (en) 2003-05-19
WO2003041050A9 (en) 2004-05-27
HRP20010829A2 (en) 2002-10-31
WO2003041050A2 (en) 2003-05-15
AU2002354256A8 (en) 2003-05-19
HRP20010829B1 (en) 2009-08-31

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