WO2002098341A1 - Backrest bracket on bed - Google Patents

Backrest bracket on bed Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2002098341A1
WO2002098341A1 PCT/CN2002/000260 CN0200260W WO02098341A1 WO 2002098341 A1 WO2002098341 A1 WO 2002098341A1 CN 0200260 W CN0200260 W CN 0200260W WO 02098341 A1 WO02098341 A1 WO 02098341A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
backrest
bed
positioning mechanism
base
hinged
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2002/000260
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Yusen Guan
Original Assignee
Yusen Guan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yusen Guan filed Critical Yusen Guan
Publication of WO2002098341A1 publication Critical patent/WO2002098341A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C20/00Head -, foot -, or like rests for beds, sofas or the like
    • A47C20/04Head -, foot -, or like rests for beds, sofas or the like with adjustable inclination

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a bed backrest support.
  • an object of the present invention is to provide a bed backrest support.
  • the bracket When the patient needs to sit up on the bed, the bracket is placed on the back of the patient as a backrest, and the angle is adjustable, so that the patient feels comfortable on the bed and does not fall easily. It can be removed when not in use and folded for easy storage.
  • the present invention adopts the following technical solutions: A bed backrest bracket comprising an upright backrest and a frame-type base; the base is placed behind the backrest, and the lower part of the backrest and the base are hinged through a corner positioning mechanism Together.
  • the rotation angle positioning mechanism may be a clutch rotation angle positioning mechanism or an electric rotation angle positioning mechanism in various forms.
  • the bed back support of the present invention may further be provided with an armrest, and a tabletop is provided on the armrest.
  • the bed back support of the invention can also be matched with various rehabilitation physical activity devices with different functions.
  • the backrest support of the bed of the present invention is placed on the back of the patient after the patient sits up.
  • the back end of the base on the back side is supported at the head of the bed, and the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward by adjusting the angle positioning mechanism. Since the backrest of the present invention is like the backrest of a sofa or a soft chair, the patient will feel comfortable when relying on it, and the backrest can be adjusted inclination according to the needs of the patient. It is very convenient to use and can prevent the patient from sitting for a long time without falling down. When the patient needs to lie down, the bracket can be removed from the bed, folded and placed, and the operation is simple.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a backrest support on a bed of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 are structural schematic diagrams of a clutch-type rotation angle positioning mechanism of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an electric angle positioning mechanism according to the present invention.
  • Figure 5 is a side view of the bed backrest with armrests
  • Figure 6 is a side view of the bed backrest with armrests and table top
  • FIG. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of a convenient rack of the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a side view of a bed back support with a separate activity apparatus
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a hand-held elastic movable device according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a leg pedal elastic foot massage activator according to the present invention.
  • the backrest support of the bed of the present invention is provided with an upright backrest 1 and a frame-type base 2.
  • the base 2 is placed behind the backrest 1, and the lower part of the backrest 1 and the base 2 are hinged together through a corner positioning mechanism 3.
  • the corner positioning mechanism 3 includes a link 4, a slider 5 and a guide rail 6; one end of the link 4 is hinged to the side of the backrest, and the other end is hinged to the slider 5.
  • the slider 5 is mounted on the guide rail 6 and is provided with The locking mechanism 7 and the guide rail 6 are fixedly connected to the base.
  • the locking mechanism 7 is opened, the slider 5 slides on the guide rail 6, and the connecting rod 4 connected to the slider 5 is moved by the sliding movement of the slider 5 to make the backrest stand upright or slightly backward pour.
  • the corner positioning mechanism for fixing the backrest 1 and the base 2 in FIG. 1 may also be fixed by using a clutch-type corner positioning mechanism 10 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.
  • a shaft hole is provided in the positioning plate 12
  • a hinge shaft 14 is installed in the shaft hole
  • a gear 15 is fixed at the shaft end.
  • the shaft is provided with a square shaft segment 17 to match the square shaft hole of the hinged portion.
  • the other end of the shaft is provided with a nut, and a stop pendulum block 11 is hinged next to the gear on the positioning plate.
  • One side of the pendulum block is provided with arc-shaped internal teeth matching with the gear 15, and the other side of the pendulum block is hinged with a wrench 16.
  • the middle part of the wrench is hinged on the positioning plate, and a reset spring 13 is provided on the positioning plate to connect the pendulum block, so that the pendulum block and the gear 15 are kept in mesh.
  • one side of the backrest is connected to the base with a clutch-type angular positioning mechanism 10, and its hinge shaft 14 passes through a circular hole on the base, and the square shaft segment 17 of the hinge shaft matches the square shaft hole on the backrest;
  • the other side is connected to the base with a hinge shaft 18, the square shaft section on the hinge shaft matches the square hole on the backrest, and a torsion spring 20 is installed on the hinge shaft to strengthen the backrest support force.
  • the corner positioning mechanism of the fixed backrest 1 and the base 2 can also be fixed by using an electric corner positioning mechanism as shown in FIG. 4.
  • a gear 30 is installed at the end of the hinge shaft 29 connecting the backrest and the base, and the gear 30 is connected to the motor and its reduction mechanism 31.
  • a clutch-type angle positioning mechanism or an electric-type angle positioning mechanism is used to fix the backrest 1 and the base 2, the purpose of adjusting the backrest inclination angle can be achieved, so that the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward.
  • an armrest 8 can be installed on the backrest 1, and the armrest 8 is installed on the backrest 1 through a positioning hinge 9.
  • a table top 21 (as shown in FIG. 6) can also be installed on the armrest 8, and a small column 22 is provided at the lower part of the table top to match the jack on the armrest.
  • the table 21 is set on the armrest 8; after the meal, the table 21 is removed.
  • a convenient stand 41 as shown in FIG. 7 can be provided, which is matched with the bottom of the base 2, and a potty groove 42 is provided in the middle to place the potty.
  • the bed back support of the present invention uses the bed back support as a supporting fixed point, which can be matched with various rehabilitation physical activity devices with different effects, and provides a variety of exercise and rehabilitation methods for patients in bed.
  • various rehabilitation physical activity devices with different effects
  • some suitable exercises can be performed to enhance physical fitness, reduce pain, and recover quickly.
  • this split activity device is composed of two identical hand-held elasticity movable devices 43 and two identical leg-type elasticized foot massage movable devices 57.
  • the hand-held elastic mover 43 is composed of a central fixing post 44, a sponge filling material 45 and an elastic hand-holding cylinder 46; two ends of the central fixing post 44 are provided with a placement slot 48 for fixing the fixing plate 47.
  • the elastic rope 49 is connected as a Y-shaped 51; the front end 52 of the elastic rope 49 is fixed to the slot of the central fixing column 50 F3 ⁇ 4, and the rear end 53 is tied into a bamboo shape to adjust the strength of the elastic rope.
  • the end of the elastic rope is provided with Snap ring 54. When in use, you can directly hold the elastic grip tube 43 with your hand, and use the compression and expansion force of the elastic tube to move the arm.
  • the end 54 of the elastic rope is fixed on the snap ring 55 under the armrest 8 or the post on the backrest frame.
  • the rear ends of the two elastic ropes can also be connected.
  • the elasticity of the elastic ropes can be used to perform upper body movements in various push and pull modes.
  • the structure of the leg pedal elastic foot massager 57 is as follows: a semi-circular fixing card 59 is provided at the bottom of the shoe 58, a plurality of massage columns 60 with elasticity are provided at the bottom of the shoe, and With elastic insole 61.
  • the elastic grip tube 46 is placed in a semi-circular fixing card 59 provided at the bottom of the shoe to make it into one body 57.
  • the snap ring 54 at the rear end of the elastic rope is connected to the snap ring 55 under the armrest of the backrest and sits on On the backrest bracket, the elastic movement of the legs and waist is used to perform physical activity by pedaling.
  • the elastic massage column at the bottom of the foot will perform the foot bottom with different pedaling strength. massage.
  • the hand-held elastic square exerciser and the leg pedal elastic foot massager can be used together or separately.
  • the activities are various, and the bedridden patient can sit on the backrest support and can perform appropriate physical activities at any time.
  • the backrest support of the bed of the present invention is placed behind the patient after the patient sits up.
  • the rear end of the base on the backrest is supported on the head of the bed, and the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward by adjusting the angle positioning mechanism. Since the backrest of the present invention is like the backrest of a sofa or a soft chair, the patient will feel comfortable when relying on it, and the backrest can be adjusted inclination according to the needs of the patient.
  • the bracket can be removed from the bed, folded and placed, and the operation is simple. '

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a backrest bracket on bed, which consists of a straight backrest and a frame base, the base lies on the back of the backrest, hinged under the backrest and connected with a comer positioning mechanism. On both side of the backrest are two armrests, which are at one time or single connected with the backrest by hinge members the device may be used on bed by a patient, which is fold at nonuse. The patient will feel comfortable an uneasily downslide.

Description

床上靠背支架 技术领域  TECHNICAL FIELD
本发明涉及床上靠背支架。  The present invention relates to a bed backrest support.
背景技术  Background technique
卧床休息的病人,长时间卧床后会感到全身疲乏。往往需要坐靠在床上休 息一下, 用餐时更需将上身向前倾斜一定角度以便食物下咽。这时往往需要护 理人员将被子等堆放在病人背后, 使其成半卧姿式, 不仅堆放被子比较麻烦, 时间稍长, 背后的被子被压陷, 支撑作用减弱, 病人上身后仰, 还需将被子再 重新堆放, 非常烦琐。 已有的病床可以将床头部分适当摇起, 但因床上的被子 较厚, 使床头抬起的角度被削弱, 呈斜坡状, 病人往往会下滑, 不能舒适地坐 于床上。  Patients who are in bed will feel tired after being in bed for a long time. It is often necessary to sit back and rest in bed, and at the same time, you need to tilt your upper body forward at a certain angle so that the food can be swallowed. At this time, caregivers often need to stack quilts and other patients in a semi-recumbent position. Not only is it more troublesome to stack quilts, it takes a little longer, the quilts behind them are crushed, the support function is weakened, and the patient leans back and up. Putting the quilt back on again is very cumbersome. Existing beds can be properly shaken at the head of the bed, but because of the thick quilt on the bed, the angle at which the head of the bed is lifted is weakened, and the patient tends to slide down and cannot sit comfortably on the bed.
发明内容 Summary of the Invention
鉴于上述原因,本发明的目的在于提供一种床上靠背支架。当病人需要在 床上坐起时, 将该支架放在病人背后作为靠背之用, 其角度可调, 使病人坐于 床上感到舒适不易下滑。 不用时可将其取下, 折叠起来, 便于存放。' - 为实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案: 一种床上靠背支架, 它包括 直立的靠背和框架式底座; 所述底座置于所述靠背的后面, 靠背下部与底座通 过转角定位机构铰接在一起。  In view of the foregoing, an object of the present invention is to provide a bed backrest support. When the patient needs to sit up on the bed, the bracket is placed on the back of the patient as a backrest, and the angle is adjustable, so that the patient feels comfortable on the bed and does not fall easily. It can be removed when not in use and folded for easy storage. '-In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions: A bed backrest bracket comprising an upright backrest and a frame-type base; the base is placed behind the backrest, and the lower part of the backrest and the base are hinged through a corner positioning mechanism Together.
所述转角定位机构可以是离合器式转角定位机构,也可以是电动式转角定 位机构, 形式多样。  The rotation angle positioning mechanism may be a clutch rotation angle positioning mechanism or an electric rotation angle positioning mechanism in various forms.
本发明床上靠背支架还可以设置有扶手, 扶手上设置桌面。  The bed back support of the present invention may further be provided with an armrest, and a tabletop is provided on the armrest.
本发明床上靠背支架还可以匹配各种功能各异的康复性身体活动器。 本发明床上靠背支架,在病人坐起后,放于病人背后。靠背后面的底座后 端支顶于床头处, 通过调整转角定位机构使靠背直立或稍向后倾。 由于本发明 靠背如沙发或软椅的靠背一样, 病人依靠时会感到舒适, 并且靠背可根据病人 需要调整倾斜度, 使用非常方便, 能使病人久坐而不易下滑。在病人需要躺卧 时, 可将本支架由床上取下, 折叠放置, 操作简单。  The bed back support of the invention can also be matched with various rehabilitation physical activity devices with different functions. The backrest support of the bed of the present invention is placed on the back of the patient after the patient sits up. The back end of the base on the back side is supported at the head of the bed, and the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward by adjusting the angle positioning mechanism. Since the backrest of the present invention is like the backrest of a sofa or a soft chair, the patient will feel comfortable when relying on it, and the backrest can be adjusted inclination according to the needs of the patient. It is very convenient to use and can prevent the patient from sitting for a long time without falling down. When the patient needs to lie down, the bracket can be removed from the bed, folded and placed, and the operation is simple.
附图概述 Overview of the drawings
下面结合附图作进一步说明。  Further description will be made below with reference to the drawings.
图 1为本发明床上靠背支架结构示意图 图 2、 图 3为本发明离合器式转角定位机构结构示意图 FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a backrest support on a bed of the present invention FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 are structural schematic diagrams of a clutch-type rotation angle positioning mechanism of the present invention
图 4为本发明电动式转角定位机构结构示意图  FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an electric angle positioning mechanism according to the present invention.
图 5为带有扶手的床上靠背支架侧视图  Figure 5 is a side view of the bed backrest with armrests
图 6为带有扶手和桌面的床上靠背支架侧视图  Figure 6 is a side view of the bed backrest with armrests and table top
图 7为本发明方便架结构示意图  FIG. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of a convenient rack of the present invention
图 8为带有分体活动用具的床上靠背支架侧视图  Figure 8 is a side view of a bed back support with a separate activity apparatus
图 9为本发明手握式弹力活动器结构示意图  FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a hand-held elastic movable device according to the present invention.
图 10为本发明腿踏式弹力足底按摩活动器结构示意图  FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a leg pedal elastic foot massage activator according to the present invention.
如图 1所示,本发明床上靠背支架设有一个直立的靠背 1和一个框架式底 座 2, 底座 2置于靠背 1的后面, 靠背 1的下部与底座 2通过转角定位机构 3 铰接在一起。如图所示,转角定位机构 3包括连杆 4、滑块 5和导轨 6; 连杆 4 一端铰接于靠背的侧面, 另一端与滑块 5铰接, 滑块 5装于导轨 6上并设有锁 紧机构 7, 导轨 6与底座固接。 当需要调整靠背 1的倾斜角度时, 打开锁紧机 构 7, 使滑块 5在导轨 6上滑动, 通过滑块 5的滑动带动与之相连的连杆 4移 动, 从而使靠背直立或稍向后倾。  As shown in FIG. 1, the backrest support of the bed of the present invention is provided with an upright backrest 1 and a frame-type base 2. The base 2 is placed behind the backrest 1, and the lower part of the backrest 1 and the base 2 are hinged together through a corner positioning mechanism 3. As shown in the figure, the corner positioning mechanism 3 includes a link 4, a slider 5 and a guide rail 6; one end of the link 4 is hinged to the side of the backrest, and the other end is hinged to the slider 5. The slider 5 is mounted on the guide rail 6 and is provided with The locking mechanism 7 and the guide rail 6 are fixedly connected to the base. When the tilt angle of the backrest 1 needs to be adjusted, the locking mechanism 7 is opened, the slider 5 slides on the guide rail 6, and the connecting rod 4 connected to the slider 5 is moved by the sliding movement of the slider 5 to make the backrest stand upright or slightly backward pour.
图 1中固定靠背 1与底座 2的转角定位机构还可以采用如图 2、 图 3所示 的离合器式转角定位机构 10来固定。 如图所示, 在定位板 12上开设轴孔, 轴 孔内安装铰轴 14, 在轴端固接齿轮 15, 该轴设有方轴段 17与所绞接部分的方 轴孔相匹配。该轴的另端设有螺母,在定位板上的齿轮旁铰接一个止动摆块 11, 该摆块一侧设有与齿轮 15匹配的弧形内齿, 摆块的另一侧铰接扳手 16, 扳手 的中部铰接在定位板上, 定位板上设复位弹簧 13连接摆块, 使摆块与齿轮 15 保持啮合。 如图所示, 靠背的一侧用离合器式转角定位机构 10与底座连接, 其绞轴 14穿过底座上的圆孔, 铰轴的方轴段 17与靠背上的方轴孔匹配; 靠背 的另一侧与底座用铰轴 18连接, 铰轴上的方轴段与靠背上的方孔匹配, 铰轴 上安装扭簧 20加强靠背的支撑力。  The corner positioning mechanism for fixing the backrest 1 and the base 2 in FIG. 1 may also be fixed by using a clutch-type corner positioning mechanism 10 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. As shown in the figure, a shaft hole is provided in the positioning plate 12, a hinge shaft 14 is installed in the shaft hole, and a gear 15 is fixed at the shaft end. The shaft is provided with a square shaft segment 17 to match the square shaft hole of the hinged portion. The other end of the shaft is provided with a nut, and a stop pendulum block 11 is hinged next to the gear on the positioning plate. One side of the pendulum block is provided with arc-shaped internal teeth matching with the gear 15, and the other side of the pendulum block is hinged with a wrench 16. The middle part of the wrench is hinged on the positioning plate, and a reset spring 13 is provided on the positioning plate to connect the pendulum block, so that the pendulum block and the gear 15 are kept in mesh. As shown in the figure, one side of the backrest is connected to the base with a clutch-type angular positioning mechanism 10, and its hinge shaft 14 passes through a circular hole on the base, and the square shaft segment 17 of the hinge shaft matches the square shaft hole on the backrest; The other side is connected to the base with a hinge shaft 18, the square shaft section on the hinge shaft matches the square hole on the backrest, and a torsion spring 20 is installed on the hinge shaft to strengthen the backrest support force.
固定靠背 1与底座 2的转角定位机构还可以采用如图 4所示的电动式转角 定位机构固定。 如图 4所示, 在连接靠背与底座的铰轴 29—端安装齿轮 30, 齿轮 30又与电机及其减速机构 31连接。  The corner positioning mechanism of the fixed backrest 1 and the base 2 can also be fixed by using an electric corner positioning mechanism as shown in FIG. 4. As shown in FIG. 4, a gear 30 is installed at the end of the hinge shaft 29 connecting the backrest and the base, and the gear 30 is connected to the motor and its reduction mechanism 31.
不论是采用离合器式转角定位机构,还是采用电动式转角定位机构固定靠 背 1和底座 2都可以实现调整靠背倾斜角度的目的, 使靠背直立或稍向后倾。 为了便于使用, 如图 5所示, 可在靠背 1上安装扶手 8, 扶手 8通过定位 铰链 9安装于靠背 1上。另外,还可以在扶手 8上安装桌面 21 (如图 6所示), 该桌面下部设有小柱 22, 与扶手上的插孔匹配。 当病人需要就餐时, 将桌面 21架设在扶手 8上; 用餐完毕后, 将桌面 21取下。 - 为了方便病人在床上大小便,可设置如图 7所示的方便架 41,该方便架与 底座 2下面匹配, 其中部设有便盆槽 42以放置便盆。 Regardless of whether a clutch-type angle positioning mechanism or an electric-type angle positioning mechanism is used to fix the backrest 1 and the base 2, the purpose of adjusting the backrest inclination angle can be achieved, so that the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward. For ease of use, as shown in FIG. 5, an armrest 8 can be installed on the backrest 1, and the armrest 8 is installed on the backrest 1 through a positioning hinge 9. In addition, a table top 21 (as shown in FIG. 6) can also be installed on the armrest 8, and a small column 22 is provided at the lower part of the table top to match the jack on the armrest. When the patient needs to eat, the table 21 is set on the armrest 8; after the meal, the table 21 is removed. -In order to facilitate the patient to urinate on the bed, a convenient stand 41 as shown in FIG. 7 can be provided, which is matched with the bottom of the base 2, and a potty groove 42 is provided in the middle to place the potty.
本发明床上靠背支架以床上靠背架为支撑固定点,可与各种功效各异的康 复性身体活动器匹配, 为卧床的病人提供多种锻炼、康复方法。在卧床病人坐 靠于靠背支架上休息时, 进行一些适宜的锻炼, 可以增强体质、 减轻病痛、 早 日康复。 下面结合附图介绍一种便捷而有效的分体活动用具。  The bed back support of the present invention uses the bed back support as a supporting fixed point, which can be matched with various rehabilitation physical activity devices with different effects, and provides a variety of exercise and rehabilitation methods for patients in bed. When a bedridden patient is resting on the backrest support, some suitable exercises can be performed to enhance physical fitness, reduce pain, and recover quickly. The following describes a convenient and effective split activity appliance with reference to the drawings.
如图 8所示, 这种分体活动用具由两个相同的手握式弹力活动器 43和两 个相同的腿踏式弹力足底按摩活动器 57组成。  As shown in FIG. 8, this split activity device is composed of two identical hand-held elasticity movable devices 43 and two identical leg-type elasticized foot massage movable devices 57.
如图 9所示, 手握式弹力活动器 43由中心固定柱 44、 海棉填充物 45和 弹力手握筒 46构成; 中心固定柱 44的两端设有用于固定固定板 47的放置槽 48、 用于放置弹力绳 49的放置槽 50。 弹力绳 49连接为 Y字型 51 ; 弹力绳 49 的前端 52固定午中心固定柱的放置槽 50 F¾, 其后端 53绑成竹节型, 以便调 节弹力绳的力度, 弹力绳的末端设有卡环 54。使用时,可用手直接握住弹力手 握筒 43, 利用弹力筒的压缩膨胀力, 使手臂得到活动, 将弹力绳的末端 54固 定于扶手 8下面的卡环 55上或靠背架上的卡柱 56上,也可将两个弹力绳的后 端相连, 利用弹力绳的伸缩性, 以各种推拉的方式进行身体上半身的运动。  As shown in FIG. 9, the hand-held elastic mover 43 is composed of a central fixing post 44, a sponge filling material 45 and an elastic hand-holding cylinder 46; two ends of the central fixing post 44 are provided with a placement slot 48 for fixing the fixing plate 47. A placement slot 50 for placing the elastic rope 49. The elastic rope 49 is connected as a Y-shaped 51; the front end 52 of the elastic rope 49 is fixed to the slot of the central fixing column 50 F¾, and the rear end 53 is tied into a bamboo shape to adjust the strength of the elastic rope. The end of the elastic rope is provided with Snap ring 54. When in use, you can directly hold the elastic grip tube 43 with your hand, and use the compression and expansion force of the elastic tube to move the arm. The end 54 of the elastic rope is fixed on the snap ring 55 under the armrest 8 or the post on the backrest frame. On the 56th, the rear ends of the two elastic ropes can also be connected. The elasticity of the elastic ropes can be used to perform upper body movements in various push and pull modes.
如图 10所示, 腿踏式弹力足底按摩器 57的结构为: 在鞋 58的底部设有 半圆型的固定卡 59, 鞋内的底部设有多个带有弹力的按摩柱 60, 并设有弹力 鞋垫 61。 使用时, 将弹力手握筒 46放置于鞋底部设置的半圆型固定卡 59内, 使其成为一体 57, 将弹力绳后端的卡环 54与靠背架扶手下面的卡环 55相连, 坐靠于靠背支架上, 利用弹力绝的伸缩作用, 以蹬踏的方式进行腿部及腰部的 身体活动, 在蹬踏过程中, 足底部的弹力按摩柱会随着蹬踏力度的不同, 对足 底部进行按摩。  As shown in FIG. 10, the structure of the leg pedal elastic foot massager 57 is as follows: a semi-circular fixing card 59 is provided at the bottom of the shoe 58, a plurality of massage columns 60 with elasticity are provided at the bottom of the shoe, and With elastic insole 61. During use, the elastic grip tube 46 is placed in a semi-circular fixing card 59 provided at the bottom of the shoe to make it into one body 57. The snap ring 54 at the rear end of the elastic rope is connected to the snap ring 55 under the armrest of the backrest and sits on On the backrest bracket, the elastic movement of the legs and waist is used to perform physical activity by pedaling. During the pedaling process, the elastic massage column at the bottom of the foot will perform the foot bottom with different pedaling strength. massage.
手握式弹方活动器与腿踏式弹力足底按摩器可一并使用 , 也可单独使用。 其活动方式多样, 卧床病人可坐靠于靠背支架上, 随时都可进行适宜的身体活 动。  The hand-held elastic square exerciser and the leg pedal elastic foot massager can be used together or separately. The activities are various, and the bedridden patient can sit on the backrest support and can perform appropriate physical activities at any time.
工业应用性 本发明床上靠背支架, 在病人坐起后, 放于病人背后。 靠背后面的底座后端支 顶于床头处, 通过调整转角定位机构使靠背直立或稍向后倾。 由于本发明靠背 如沙发或软椅的靠背一样, 病人依靠时会感到舒适, 并且靠背可根据病人需要 调整倾斜度, 使用非常方便, 能使病人久坐而不易下滑。 在病人需要躺卧时, 可将本支架由床上取下, 折叠放置, 操作简单。 ' Industrial applicability The backrest support of the bed of the present invention is placed behind the patient after the patient sits up. The rear end of the base on the backrest is supported on the head of the bed, and the backrest is upright or tilted slightly backward by adjusting the angle positioning mechanism. Since the backrest of the present invention is like the backrest of a sofa or a soft chair, the patient will feel comfortable when relying on it, and the backrest can be adjusted inclination according to the needs of the patient. When the patient needs to lie down, the bracket can be removed from the bed, folded and placed, and the operation is simple. '

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 它包括直立的靠背和框架式底座; 所述底座置于所述靠背的后面, 靠背下部与底座通过转角定位机构铰接在一 起。 1. A bed backrest support, characterized in that it comprises an upright backrest and a frame-type base; the base is placed behind the backrest, and the lower part of the backrest and the base are hinged together through a corner positioning mechanism.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述靠背上还可 设有技手, 该扶手铰接并用转角定位机构连接安装于靠背之上。  2. The bed back support according to claim 1, characterized in that: the backrest can further be provided with a technician, and the armrest is hinged and connected to the backrest by a corner positioning mechanism.
3、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的床上靠背 架, 其特征在于: 所述转角定 位机构包括连杆、滑块和导轨; 所述连杆的一端铰接于靠背的侧面, 另一端与 滑块铰接; 所述滑块装于导轨上并设有锁紧机构; 所述导轨与所述底座固接。  3. The bed backrest according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the corner positioning mechanism comprises a link, a slider and a guide rail; one end of the link is hinged to the side of the backrest, and the other end is connected to the slider Hinge; the slider is mounted on the guide rail and is provided with a locking mechanism; the guide rail is fixedly connected to the base.
4、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述转角定 位机构为离合器式转角定位机构, 该机构是在定位板上开设轴孔,轴孔内安装 铰轴, 在铰轴端固接齿轮, 该轴设有方轴段与铰接部件的方轴孔匹配, 轴的另 端设有螺母, 在定位板的齿轮旁铰接一个止动摆块, 该摆块一侧设有与齿轮匹 配的弧形内齿, 摆块的另一侧铰接扳手, 扳手中部铰接在定位板上, 定位板上 设复位弹簧连接摆块。 - 4. The bed back support according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the corner positioning mechanism is a clutch-type corner positioning mechanism, which is provided with a shaft hole in a positioning plate, and a hinge shaft is installed in the shaft hole. The end of the hinge shaft is fixedly connected to the gear. The shaft is provided with a square shaft section that matches the square shaft hole of the hinge part. The other end of the shaft is provided with a nut. A stop pendulum is hinged next to the gear of the positioning plate. There are arc-shaped internal teeth matching the gear, the other side of the pendulum block is hinged with a wrench, the middle part of the wrench is hinged on a positioning plate, and a reset spring is connected to the pendulum block on the positioning plate. -
5、 根据叙利要求 4所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述离合器式转 角定位机构连接底座与靠背的一侧, 其方轴段与靠背上的方轴孔匹配; 铰轴上 安装扭簧加强靠背的支撑力。 5. The bed back support according to claim 4, characterized in that: the clutch-type corner positioning mechanism is connected to one side of the base and the back, and a square shaft section thereof is matched with a square shaft hole on the back; The torsion spring strengthens the support of the backrest.
6、 根据权利要求 2所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述扶手上安装 有桌面, 该桌面下部有小拄, 与扶手上的插孔匹配。  6. The bed back support according to claim 2, characterized in that: a table top is installed on the armrest, and a small cymbal is arranged on the lower part of the table top, which is matched with a socket on the armrest.
7、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述转角定 位机构为电动式转角定位机构, 它包括铰轴、 齿轮、 电机及其减速机构; 在连 接靠背与底座的铰轴一端安装齿轮, 齿轮又与电机及其减速机构连接。  7. The bed back support according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the corner positioning mechanism is an electric angle positioning mechanism, which comprises a hinge shaft, a gear, a motor and a reduction mechanism thereof; A gear is installed at one end of the hinge shaft, and the gear is connected to the motor and its reduction mechanism.
8、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的床上靠背支架, 其特征在于: 所述床上靠 背支架还设置一个与底座下面匹配的方便架,方便架中部设有便盆槽以放置便 8. The bed back support according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the bed back support is further provided with a convenient rack matching the bottom of the base, and a potty trough is provided in the middle of the convenient rack for placing toilets.
.
PCT/CN2002/000260 2001-06-06 2002-04-15 Backrest bracket on bed WO2002098341A1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN01226460U CN2488490Y (en) 2001-06-06 2001-06-06 Bed back support
CN01226460.1 2001-06-06

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CN107126321A (en) * 2016-06-07 2017-09-05 许畅 Care appliances
CN109198967A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-01-15 湖南喜传天下家居有限公司 A kind of driving device of mattress
CN113057826B (en) * 2021-04-01 2022-02-11 青岛大学附属医院 Portable sitting-lying auxiliary backrest supporting device

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