WO2002080808A1 - Light curer and method for curing substances with light - Google Patents

Light curer and method for curing substances with light Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2002080808A1
WO2002080808A1 PCT/FI2002/000263 FI0200263W WO02080808A1 WO 2002080808 A1 WO2002080808 A1 WO 2002080808A1 FI 0200263 W FI0200263 W FI 0200263W WO 02080808 A1 WO02080808 A1 WO 02080808A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
light
curer
diodes
according
characterized
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI2002/000263
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Juha Koivisto
Original Assignee
Planmeca Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FI20010626A priority Critical patent/FI20010626A0/en
Priority to FI20010626 priority
Application filed by Planmeca Oy filed Critical Planmeca Oy
Publication of WO2002080808A1 publication Critical patent/WO2002080808A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C19/00Dental auxiliary appliances
    • A61C19/003Apparatus for curing resins by radiation
    • A61C19/004Hand-held apparatus, e.g. guns
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/06Radiation therapy using light
    • A61N2005/065Light sources therefor
    • A61N2005/0651Diodes

Abstract

The invention relates to a light curer and a method for curing substances with light. The light curer contains a hand-piece and a tip, from where light emitted from at least two light emitting diodes (LED) is lead to the substance to be cured. The light from the LEDs is gathered and directed towards the object by a reflector matrix.

Description

LIGHT CURER AND METHOD FOR CURING SUBSTANCES WITH LIGHT

This invention relates to a light curer according to the preamble of claim 1 , which includes a light source and a handpiece or the like including or being connectable to a power source, the handpiece having a fixed or a removable tip part from where the light can be led through an opening, window or the like permeable to the curing radiation to the object to be cured. The invention also relates to a method according to the preamble of claim 20, according to which the material to be cured is illuminated using a led curer including a light source and a handpiece or the like including or being connectable to a power source, the handpiece having a fixed or a removable tip part from where the light is led through an opening, window or the like permeable to the curing radiation to the object to be cured.

Traditionally various metallic materials or materials containing metal have been used to repair cavities of teeth. Since the potential health risks of especially amalgam have been realized, of the substitute materials widely popular have become the light curable polymers, which typically contain at least some monomer and some light sensitive material catalysing the polymerisation reaction of the monomers.

The absorption spectrum of the light sensitive materials is usually quite narrow, typically much narrower than that of the incandescent and halogen lamps generally used as a light source in light curers. When the light source has a wide emission spectrum its efficiency in view of producing radiation relevant to curing is quite low already to begin with. Further, an additional problem in this kind of light sources is weakening of the intensity caused by aging and possible damages, which naturally is a risk in view of successful curing of the material to be polymerised, and also the thermal radiation, which can cause alterations in the shape and volume in the material to be cured. The problems caused by thermal radiation are not necessarily overcome even with the help of radiation filters, which are usually at least partially permeable to thermal radiation, too. The devices based on such a technology are also unpractical as far as their design is concerned and cannot be constructed identical with the other instruments used in dental work because of the great space requirements of the light source and reflector structures. Then also placing them e.g. on the instrument table of a dental unit is somewhat difficult. These kind of devices have been presented e.g. in the US patent publication 4,298,806 and in the published DE patent application 34 11 996.

In order to be able to utilize the electrical energy used for production of light for generation of especially the effective wave lengths, the development of such light curing devices has begun that have as their light source components including various semiconductor elements, such as light emitting diodes, or LEDs. Typically both in such and also in the solutions as described above utilising lamps, the radiation got from the light source or sources is led into a light conductor, like an optical fiber, and through it further to the object to be cured. Devices containing such LED groups have been presented e.g. in the DE patent publication 199 43 393 and in the WO publication 00/13608.

Even though the use of LEDs improves as the starting point the efficiency of a light curing device, there are always problems of their own in the solutions where light conductors are used. For example, in the device according to the figures of the DE publication mentioned above, all the light produced by the LEDs cannot be directed to the object to be cured since only the rays that enter the light conductor at an angle smaller than a specific limit angle will begin to travel in the fiber, while the rays that enter at a greater angle will escape out of the fiber. Also on the whole the light transmission capability of this kind of fibers, which break and crack easily, is about 60-80% even when undamaged.

On the other hand, when light is led from the light diodes to the object to be cured via lenses as in the prior art, each semiconductor element becomes imaged on the surface of the material to be cured, thus forming onto it spotlike intensity concentrations.

Representatives of the prior art technology are also solutions presented in the US patent publication 5,420,768 and e.g. in the WO publication 97/36552, where LEDs have been arranged to form a matrix or an equivalent. Large structures constituting even of hundreds of diodes are suggested by the publication, where optically converging means would be used to direct the light to the object to be cured.

In view of losses of light intensity it would obviously be natural to place the light source as close to the object to be cured as possible. Hence, e.g. the US patent publication 6,159,005 teaches that a light source being favourably made up of laser diodes may be placed essentially in the tip of a light curing device. There is not presented any specific suggestion for details of such a construction in the publication. A corresponding basic solution is discussed also in the US patent publication 5,634,711 , where semiconductor means emitting light are proposed to be placed in the point of a tip part, the tip part possibly including a joint or equivalent, in order to be able to replace an optical fibre with an optical "cork", such as a TIR lens which will collimate the light received from the LEDs.

There has been referred to the possibility of arranging LEDs to form a kind of "irradiation tip" also in the WO publication 00/13608 mentioned above, in which tip some lens gathering the emission light would be used.

Thus, a problem in those light curer solutions where the LEDs are arranged in the tip of the light curer is that, when a lens or a lens matrix is used, the intensity of the light will be uneven because of an image of the light source will be formed on the object to be cured and, on the other hand, when lenses are not used, the efficiency of the scattered light bundle may be insufficient especially in deeper layers of the material to be cured.

Yet as a further representative of the prior art the EP publication 1 090 607 can be mentioned, where it has been presented placing LEDs in holes, possibly made of light reflecting material, and arranging a lens matrix on top of such a construction, and further yet the US patent publication 5,463,711 , where there has been arranged reflectors beneath individual LEDs to gather light, which will subsequently be led to the object via a converging optical fibre.

The object of the present invention is to get rid of the defects presented above specifically in order to reach a simple construction for light curers, the intensity of the wave lengths in the object relevant to curing produced by them, however, being at least of the same order of magnitude as in the prior solutions.

On the other hand, an object of the invention is to improve uniformity of the density of light that will be led to the material to cured in comparison with many of the prior art LED curers. A further object of the invention is to provide an opportunity for designing light curers that may be more practically fit in the instrument holders of dental units, and the design of which will resemble that of other dental instruments.

Essentially these objectives will be reached with the solutions defined in the claims below, especially with the ones defined in the characterising parts of the independent claims. When a light source of a light curer is arranged to be formed of a construction comprising at least two light emitting diodes, which emit one or several specific wave lengths, and preferably on top of which has been arranged a reflector matrix that will gather light and direct light beams towards the object to be cured, and further if the light diodes are placed in an essential vicinity of an opening, or a window permeable to light, arranged in the tip part of the light curer, one is able to achieve a sufficient intensity with a relative small amount of light diodes without lenses that would require precise manufacture and assembly and without fibre optics that are expensive and cause losses of intensity.

In the following, the invention and its characteristic features will be described in more detail by referring to some of its preferable embodiments and the attached drawings. The invention is not meant to be limited to these embodiments only, however, and the essential features of it are precisely presented in the attached claims, especially in the characterizing parts of the independent claims. Of the attached Figures

Figs. 1 a and 1 b present a basic structure of a light curing device according to the invention,

Fig. 2 presents a structure of a light source applicable to be used in a light curing device according to the invention and

Fig. 3 presents another construction of a light source applicable to be used in a light curer according to the invention.

In Figs. 1a and 1 b there is presented a light curing device (10), which includes a hand piece (11 ) and a tip part (12) in connection with it. A light source (14) is placed inside the tip part (12) in the essential vicinity of an opening or a window (13) arranged in it. The light curing device (10) according to Figs. 1 a and 1 b includes a separate, loadable and/or replaceable power source (15) or means (15') for connecting it to a separate power source, like a dental unit. The structure further includes control means (16) for controlling the operation parameters, like diode current and/or cooling efficiency of the device. In the tip part (12) of the light curing device (10) according to Fig. 1 a there is further arranged a special tumable, e.g. a jointed (17) part (18), which enables placing the light source (14) as near to the object to be cured as possible.

Fig. 2 presents a light source structure suitable to be used in a light curing device according to the invention, where light emitting diodes (21) emitting one particular wave length or several particular wave lengths are placed in the essential vicinity of an opening or a window (13) being situated in the tip part (12, 18) of the light curing device, the opposite surfaces of the diodes being connected straight to the hybrid (22), or PCB. In the solution according to Fig. 2, the hybrid (22) is connected to a cooling element (23) equipped preferably with cooling channels and connections (24, 24') for the media used for cooling. The structure according to Fig. 2 also includes means (25, 26) for measuring the temperature of the substrate and the intensity of light, and a reflector matrix (28) substantially gathering the light emitted from the light diodes and also substantially directing it towards the object to be cured. The reflector matrix (28) consists preferably of a uniform piece, which is easy to position on top of the LEDs. The surfaces of the reflector matrix (28) may be ellipses or other aspheric surfaces, or concave structures containing even plane surfaces that imitate such surfaces. It is preferable to place the LEDs (21 ) in the led curer in a way that they themselves, or the tailing edges of the reflector matrix (28) in view of the direction of travel of light, are situated in the essential vicinity of the opening or the window (13) of the tip part (12, 18) of the curer. In the figure there are additionally presented the electric connectors (30, 31 ) needed for creating a voltage across the LEDs (21 ).

Typically the dimension of individual reflector surfaces of the reflector matrix (28) according to the invention in the direction which the light travels is at least the same, preferably multiple compared to that of the perpendicular dimension of the individual light diodes (21 ) - but also compared to such perpendicular dimension of individual reflector surfaces. Individual reflector surfaces may gather light from one or several light emitting diodes. Such a reflector matrix (28) or its base may be made, among other things, by machining, casting or by the so-called LIGA-technique, but in principle also for example by growing it on the same silicon substrate together with the LEDs. The light source according to Fig. 2 may consist not only of a structure formed of light diodes (21 ), especially of ones not put in cases, which are fixed and connected straight to a ceramic hybrid (22), but also of a single semiconductor structure which has several light emitting diodes, or of several semiconductor structures each of which having one or more light emitting diodes. Such a light emitting surface, to be presented in more detail below, may consist of e.g. one or more pieces of semiconductor material fixed to e.g. a cooling element or some other surface, i.e. of a structure with no hybrid, on which semiconductor surface or surfaces there has been arranged several light diodes.

Departing from what has been presented in Fig. 2, the other connecting surfaces of the light diodes (21 ) may alternatively be connected straight to the cooling element (23), e.g. by arranging holes to the hybrid (22) and placing the light diodes (21 ) on the bottom of these holes. On the other hand, according to yet another embodiment of the invention, the hybrid (22) may be totally omitted by arranging on the surface of the cooling element (23), or on the surfaces of the reflector matrix (28), insulated electric connectors connected to at least the other connection surfaces of the light diodes (21 ).

Yet another preferable embodiment of the invention has been presented in Fig. 3, where the electric contacts of the LEDs have been connected to common potentials, through contact surfaces (29) arranged on the reflector matrix (28) on one hand, and to the cooling element (23) on the other. In such a solution, where there naturally has to be arranged a proper insulation between the electricity conducting cooling element (23), which may be e.g. copper, and the reflector matrix (28), which may be e.g. aluminium, there is thus not needed at all a hybrid (22) according to Fig. 2. Even though some possibilities are lost for sophisticated applications for the light curer by using such a parallel connection, a very simple and thus economical-to-manufacture construction is thus reached, however. Also in more general terms the invention makes possible such a compact structure, in view of its physical dimensions, in which the light source is placed in the tip of an instrument and which has such a shape common in dental instruments that has been found to be ergonomically favourable.

In different embodiments of the invention, on the light emitting surface there may thus be arranged diodes emitting more than one specific wavelength. On the other hand, in some embodiments of the invention the electronics of the light source may be arranged to form light diode groups connected in series and the connections may also be realized in a way that spatial switching on and off of the diodes may be carried out in a sequence. The light diode groups may be arranged to form e.g. concentric circles, and means for measuring temperature of the hybrid and/or intensity of the light emitted by the light curer may be utilized in controlling the light curer by adjusting e.g. the flow of the cooling agent and/or the diode current based on the measurement signals received from these means. Such preferable embodiments of the invention allow for wide possibilities to control and adjust operation of the device and thus control the curing process. The curing process may be initiated e.g. from the centre of the curable material, if desired, whereby the odds for typical failures in the curing process, such as formation of cracks as well as formation of notches into the edge regions of the curable material can be reduced. The intensity of light produced by the light source can be adjusted, especially it can be held stable during the whole operational life of the light diodes, and the device can be protected from overheating by arranging in it means for cutting off the power when the temperature measurement signal reaches its safety limit value.

The light curer according to the invention can be realized both as a device functioning independently and by connecting it to a dental unit, in which case the cooling media, such as compressed air, can be led from the dental unit to a cooling element made e.g. of material of high thermal conductivity, such as metal. The cooling element is e.g. in its cross section essentially uniform with the substrate, in which case they together may form in its cross section e.g. a polygonal, such as an octagonal structure, which can be fixed by its corners to the tip part of the light curing device. The light curer can be arranged to be connectable to an instrument site or straight to the instrument hose of a dental unit, especially to a so called multiflex quick connector, preferably to a connector which recognizes the instrument or the instrument type.

The window possibly used in the tip part of the light curer can be e.g. a sapphire window whereto it is advantageous to arrange a covering which removes reflection.

In the above, a few preferable embodiments of the invention at hand have been presented in quite a compressed way, to which the invention is not meant to be solely limited, though. The essential features of the invention are defined in the attached claims, within which several different embodiments are possible.

Claims

1. Light curer for curing substances used especially in methods of dentistry, which device includes a light source (14) and a handpiece (11) or the like including or being connectable to a power source (15), which handpiece (11) is connected to a fixed or a removable tip part (12, 18), from where the light may be led to the object to be cured through an opening, a window or the like (13) permeable to light, and where means for gathering light emitted by the light source (14) have been arranged in the vicinity of the light source (14), characterized in that the light source (14) includes at least two light diodes (21) emitting one particular or several particular wavelengths arranged in operational connection with a reflector matrix (28) gathering light from the said at least two light diodes (21).
2. Light curer according to claim 1, characterized in that the said reflector matrix (28) includes surfaces extending around the light diodes (21) that gather light and direct light beams towards the object to be cured.
3. Light curer according to claim 2, characterized in that the said surfaces are ellipses or other aspheric surfaces.
4. Light curer according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that the light source (14), or at least the tailing edge of the reflector matrix (28) substantially in connection with it, is placed in the essential vicinity of the said opening or the window (13).
5. Light curer according to any of claims 1-4, characterized in that a cooling element (23) is arranged in the essential vicinity of the light diodes (21).
6. Light curer according to any of claims 1-5, characterized in that at least one of the electric contact surfaces of the light diodes (21) are connected to a hybrid (22) or a PCB arranged below the reflector matrix (28).
7. Light curer according to any of claims 1-6, characterized in that at least one of the electric contact surfaces of the light diodes (21) are connected to electric conductors (29) arranged e.g. on the surfaces of the cooling element (23) or the reflector matrix (28).
8. Light curer according to any of claims 5-7, characterized in that one of the electric contact surfaces of the light diodes (21) are connected to a cooling element (23) of electricity conducting material, such as copper (Cu).
9. Light curer according to any of claims 1-8, characterized in that one of the electric contact surfaces of the light diodes (21) are connected to a reflector matrix (28) of electricity conducting material, such as aluminium (Al).
10. Light curer according to any of claims 1-9, characterized in that the electric contact surfaces by which a voltage is connected across the light diodes (21) are arranged on the opposite surfaces of the light diodes (21).
11. Light curer according to any of claims 1-10, characterized in that the electric connections of the light diodes (21) are realized in a way which enables their spatial switching on and off in a sequence.
12. Light curer according to one of the claims 1-11, characterized in that at least part of the electric connections of the light diodes (21) are realized to form light diode groups connected in series.
13. Light curer according to any of the claims 1-12, characterized in that the light diodes (21) or the said light diode groups are arranged to form concentric circles.
14. Light curer according to any of the claims 6-13, characterized in that the said cooling element (23) is of its cross-section essentially uniform with e.g. the said hybrid (22), which thus together form of its cross-section a polygonal, such as an octagonal structure, that is fixed to said tip part (12, 18) by its corners.
15. Light curer according to any of the claims 1-14, characterized in that the light curer (10) includes means for connecting it to a dental unit, especially to an instrument site or an instrument hose of a dental unit, especially to a so called multiflex quick connector, preferably to a connector that recognizes an instrument or an instrument type.
16. Light curer according to claim 15, characterized in that the said means for connecting the light curer (10) to a dental unit include means for leading cooling agent, such as compressed air, from the dental unit to the cooling channels (24) of the said cooling element (23).
17. Light curer according to any of the claims 1-16, ch a racte rized i n that there are arranged means (25, 26) for measuring e.g. temperature of the said substrate (22) and/or intensity of the light produced by the light curer (10) and means for controlling operation of the light curer (10) based on such a measurement signal or signals, like means for adjusting flow of the said cooling agent and/or diode current, especially for holding the intensity stable and/or for cutting off the power when the said temperature measurement signal reaches its safety limit value.
18. Light curer according to any of the claims 1-17, ch a ra cte rized i n t h at the said opening (13) in the tip part of the light curer (10) and the said light source (14) are placed in a tumable part (18) in the head of the said tip part (12).
19. Light curer according to any of the claims 1-17, ch a ra cte rized i n that the light curer (10) has been constructed to be essentially of the same shape as the other typical dental instruments.
20. Method for curing substances with light, especially for curing substances used in methods of dentistry, in which method the material to be cured is illuminated with a light curer that has a light source and a power source in it or which is connectable to a power source, which light curer includes a handpiece or the like, which handpiece is connected to a fixed or a removable tip part, from which light is led via reflecting means and an opening, a window or the like to the object to be cured, ch a ra cte rized i n th at the light which is produced with at least two light emitting diodes emitting one particular wave length or several particular wave lengths is gathered with a reflector matrix to be led to the object to be cured through the said opening or window.
21. Method according to claim 20, ch a racte rized i n th at the light is gathered and led towards the object to be cured in the reflector matrix.
22. Method according to claim 20 or 21 , ch a racte rized i n th at the light diodes are arranged in electric connection with at least the hybrid that is arranged beneath the reflector matrix.
23. Method according to any of the claims 20-22, ch a ra cte rized i n th at the light diodes are arranged to be in electric connection with the electric connectors arranged at least on some surface beneath the reflector matrix or on the surfaces of the reflector matrix.
24. Method according to any of the claims 20-23, ch a ra cte rized i n th at the light diodes are arranged in the second electric connection with the cooling element of electricity conducting material arranged in the curer.
25. Method according to any of the claims 20-24, ch a ra cte rized i n th at the light diodes are arranged in the second electric connection with the reflector matrix of electricity conducting material arranged in the curer.
26. Method according to any of the claims 22-25, ch a ra cte rized i n th at voltage is connected across the light diodes from their opposite surfaces.
27. Method according to any of the claims 20-26, characterized in that the spatial switching on and off of the light diodes is realized in sequence.
28. Method according to any of the claims 20-27, ch a ra cte rized i n th at the light curer is connected to a dental unit, especially to an instrument site or an instrument hose of a dental unit, especially to a so called multiflex quick connector, preferably to a connector that recognizes an instrument or an instrument type, and the electric current needed for operating the light source, and the possibly needed cooling agent, such as compressed air, are led to it from the dental unit.
29. Method according to any of the claims 20-28, ch a racte rized i n th at operation of the light curer, e.g. temperature of the said substrate and/or intensity of the light produced by the light curer, is measured and operation of the light curer is controlled based on such a measurement signal or signals, especially for holding the intensity of the light produced by the light curer stable and/or for cutting off the power when the said temperature measurement signal reaches its safety limit value.
PCT/FI2002/000263 2001-03-27 2002-03-27 Light curer and method for curing substances with light WO2002080808A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20010626A FI20010626A0 (en) 2001-03-27 2001-03-27 Curing and method for curing light curable materials
FI20010626 2001-03-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2002080808A1 true WO2002080808A1 (en) 2002-10-17

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WO (1) WO2002080808A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

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EP1438927A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-07-21 Cefla Soc. Coop. A R.L. Polymerizing lamp for polymerizing dental compounds
EP1462069A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-29 Kerr Corporation Light-generating instrument
WO2008017380A3 (en) * 2006-08-08 2008-05-02 Elexxion Gmbh Handpiece for applying laser radiation to a predetermined area
US9066777B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-06-30 Kerr Corporation Curing light device
US9072572B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-07-07 Kerr Corporation Dental light device
US9500340B2 (en) 2011-10-25 2016-11-22 A-Dec, Inc. Dental light using LEDs
US9572643B2 (en) 1998-01-20 2017-02-21 Kerr Corporation Apparatus and method for curing materials with radiation
US9726435B2 (en) 2002-07-25 2017-08-08 Jonathan S. Dahm Method and apparatus for using light emitting diodes for curing
USD810293S1 (en) 2017-01-20 2018-02-13 Garrison Dental Solutions, Llc Dental instrument
US10159548B2 (en) 2014-09-17 2018-12-25 Garrison Dental Solutions, L.L.C. Dental curing light

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WO2000013608A1 (en) * 1998-09-08 2000-03-16 Akeda Dental A/S Irradiation apparatus for light curing of composites, in particular for dental use
WO2000067048A2 (en) * 1999-05-03 2000-11-09 Premier Laser Systems, Inc. Optical source and method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000013608A1 (en) * 1998-09-08 2000-03-16 Akeda Dental A/S Irradiation apparatus for light curing of composites, in particular for dental use
WO2000067048A2 (en) * 1999-05-03 2000-11-09 Premier Laser Systems, Inc. Optical source and method

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9572643B2 (en) 1998-01-20 2017-02-21 Kerr Corporation Apparatus and method for curing materials with radiation
US9622839B2 (en) 1998-01-20 2017-04-18 Kerr Corporation Apparatus and method for curing materials with radiation
US9726435B2 (en) 2002-07-25 2017-08-08 Jonathan S. Dahm Method and apparatus for using light emitting diodes for curing
EP1438927A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-07-21 Cefla Soc. Coop. A R.L. Polymerizing lamp for polymerizing dental compounds
EP1462069A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-29 Kerr Corporation Light-generating instrument
US6918762B2 (en) 2003-03-21 2005-07-19 Kerr Corporation Light-generating instrument
WO2008017380A3 (en) * 2006-08-08 2008-05-02 Elexxion Gmbh Handpiece for applying laser radiation to a predetermined area
US9072572B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-07-07 Kerr Corporation Dental light device
US9987110B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-06-05 Kerr Corporation Dental light device
US9693846B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2017-07-04 Kerr Corporation Dental light device
US9730778B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2017-08-15 Kerr Corporation Curing light device
US9066777B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-06-30 Kerr Corporation Curing light device
US9833133B2 (en) 2011-10-25 2017-12-05 A-Dec, Inc. Dental light using LEDS
US9500340B2 (en) 2011-10-25 2016-11-22 A-Dec, Inc. Dental light using LEDs
US10070779B2 (en) 2011-10-25 2018-09-11 A-Dec, Inc. Dental light using LEDs
US10159548B2 (en) 2014-09-17 2018-12-25 Garrison Dental Solutions, L.L.C. Dental curing light
USD810293S1 (en) 2017-01-20 2018-02-13 Garrison Dental Solutions, Llc Dental instrument

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FI20010626A0 (en) 2001-03-27

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