WO2002015981A1 - Sprinkler system - Google Patents

Sprinkler system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2002015981A1
WO2002015981A1 PCT/GB2001/003775 GB0103775W WO0215981A1 WO 2002015981 A1 WO2002015981 A1 WO 2002015981A1 GB 0103775 W GB0103775 W GB 0103775W WO 0215981 A1 WO0215981 A1 WO 0215981A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sprinkler
heat
cover plate
alarm
characterised
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB2001/003775
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
David Birkett
William Anthony Butler
Original Assignee
David Birkett
William Anthony Butler
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C37/00Control of fire-fighting equipment
    • A62C37/08Control of fire-fighting equipment comprising an outlet device containing a sensor, or itself being the sensor, i.e. self-contained sprinklers
    • A62C37/10Releasing means, e.g. electrically released
    • A62C37/11Releasing means, e.g. electrically released heat-sensitive
    • A62C37/14Releasing means, e.g. electrically released heat-sensitive with frangible vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C35/00Permanently-installed equipment
    • A62C35/58Pipe-line systems
    • A62C35/60Pipe-line systems wet, i.e. containing extinguishing material even when not in use

Abstract

A sprinkler system has individual sprinkler devices (1) with respective alarm sensors (19-22), the sensors being connected to a common alarm (6). Actuation of any alarm sensor (19-22) triggers the alarm (4) and an indication is given as to the location of the actuated sensor (19-22). The sprinkler devices (1) are of the kind having a water outlet (12) blocked by a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable plug (15-17) with a cover plate (19) which normally conceals the outlet (12) and which drops away when the temperature rises to a predetermined level. The sensor (19-22) comprises an electrical circuit which is completed through the cover plate (19). The cover plate (19) is held in position by upstanding prongs (20) attached to the plate (19) by solder (20a) and plugged into sockets (21) on a moulded plastics housing (8) of the sprinkler device (1).

Description

SPRINKLER SYSTEM

This invention relates to a sprinkler system.

The use of fire sprinkler systems is an important safety measure taken

to protect the occupants of both commercial and domestic buildings. In

addition to controlling the spread of fire within the building, operation of

sprinklers helps to reduce the heat and smoke generated by the fire to allow

easier evacuation.

Sprinkler systems of the type used in buildings to control the spread

of fires conventionally comprise multiple water outlets connected to a main

water supply, each outlet being closed with a fusible or heat-rupturable

plug, whereby upon reaching a predetermined temperature the plug melts

or breaks to allow water to escape from the outlet.

There is a requirement for an alarm to be actuated to indicate that a

sprinkler has operated and this can be achieved by applying a water flow

sensor to the main supply which will pass a signal to the alarm as water

flows to the open sprinkler outlet(s). This is not wholly satisfactory

however, since it necessitates isolation of the main supply for the sprinkler

outlets from the supply for other water outlets. The sprinkler system does

not operate on 'fresh' water; it operates on water in a stagnant circuit or in

a 'dry' system where flow of water is enabled by switching on of a pump

and/or opening a valve after triggering of the alarm. This is not

economically convenient, particularly in a domestic residence, as it involves the installation of additional, pipework and water-flow control equipment at

considerable extra cost.

Furthermore, conventional flow sensors can undesirably interfere with

water flow to the sprinkler outlets and do not provide information as to

which individual sprinkler or sprinklers has been actuated.

An object of the present invention is to provide an alarm sensor that

can be used in conjunction with a sprinkler system without the requirement

for an isolated main water supply to the sprinkler system, and with which

there is the possibility of providing helpful alarm information without

interfering with the water flow.

According to one aspect of the invention therefore there is provided

a sprinkler device for a sprinkler system having a sprinkler outlet closed with

a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable plug, a component which is adapted to

move or change at a predetermined temperature to cooperate with sprinkler

operation, and an alarm sensor arranged for actuation in correspondence

with operation of the sprinkler outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the plug,

characterised in that the alarm sensor comprises an electrical circuit having

an electrical parameter determined by the said component whereby such

parameter changes when the component moves or changes.

With this arrangement, the alarm sensor is responsive to temperature

at the individual sprinkler device; the alarm sensor can operate on a 'fresh'

water system: isolation of the main water supply to the sprinkler system is not necessary and the sprinkler system can therefore be installed more

economically. Also, since the alarm sensor can act independently of the

water supply and individual sensor can be provided for each sprinkler

device, water flow to the sprinkler devices is not restricted, and it is

possible to arrange for helpful information to be obtained regarding the

origin(s) of the alarm signal (e.g. which sprinkler device or devices have

operated.

Most preferably the said movable or changeable component

comprises a cover plate beneath the outlet mounted relative thereto by a

heat-sensitive connection which allows the cover plate to fall away to

expose the outlet at a predetermined temperature.

Thus, and in accordance with a second aspect of the invention there

is provided a sprinkler device for a sprinkler system having a sprinkler outlet

closed with a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable plug, a cover plate beneath the

outlet mounted relative thereto by a heat-sensitive connection which allows

the cover plate to fall away to expose the outlet at a predetermined

temperature, and an alarm sensor arranged for actuation in correspondence

with operation of the sprinkler outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the plug,

characterised in that the alarm sensor comprises an electrical circuit having

an electrical parameter defined by the cover plate whereby such parameter

changes when the cover plate falls away.

Preferably the sprinkler device has a deflector plate beneath the outlet to disperse water.

Within each sprinkler device, the heat-fusible or heat-rupturabie plug

may take any suitable form, but preferably incorporates a fine glass tube

containing fluid that expands to break the glass at a predetermined

temperature, to release the plug and allow water to flow through the outlet.

In accordance with conventional practice the said predetermined

temperature at which the plug is released may be of the order of 68 °C.

The sprinkler device may have a housing to which the releasable

cover plate is connected to hide the sprinkler outlet from view. The housing

may be a moulded plastics body e.g. a moulded cylindrical body.

Preferably, the cover plate is attached to the housing of the sprinkler device

by one or more heat-fusible or heat-rupturable retention links. Most

preferably, the said retention link or links are arranged so as to fuse or

rupture in correspondence with operation of the sprinkler outlet, e.g. at a

temperature of the order of 68 °C.

In one embodiment the (or each) heat-sensitive link between the

cover plate and the housing comprises a body of solder which melts to

disrupt the link and thereby allows the cover plate to fall under its own

weight at the predetermined temperature.

Other arrangements are however also possible. For example, the

cover plate may be held to the housing by attraction between magnets

provided respectively on the cover plate and the housing whereby on reaching the predetermined temperature the (or each) magnet on one of the

cover plate and housing (e.g. on the cover plate) reverses in polarity so that

attraction between the magnet turns to repulsion which displaces the cover

plate.

It may also be possible to link the cover plate and the housing by

glass-bulb links or the like which burst and separate at the predetermined

temperature.

The cover plates may comprise a circular plate made from metal

and/or plastics. Other shapes and/or materials may also be used.

The (or each) link between the cover plate and the housing may be

defined via the intermediary of an elongate linking member or prong which

is connected at one end to the cover plate via the heat fusible or heat

rupturable link and is mechanically attached at its other end to the housing.

This mechanical attachment may be permanent or releasable and may take

any suitable form including adhesive, mechanical interlock and the like. In

a particularly preferred embodiment the mechanical attachment comprises

interengagement of cooperable configurations particularly insertion or

plugging in of a barbed or ratchet end of the linking member into a socket

having a cooperable retaining structure on the housing.

Most preferably the plate has two upstanding linking members

preferably at diametrically opposed positions.

The electrical sensor may be connected to a remote alarm which may be of any suitable kind, preferably having an internal sounder and an

external siren that sound when the alarm is actuated by the electrical

sensor.

Most preferably a sprinkler "system has a plurality of like sprinkler

devices disposed in different zones within a building or other premises or

area connected to a common alarm arranged so that the alarm can identify

the electrical sensor or sensors that actuated the alarm, indicating which

sprinkler device or devices have operated and, if desired, permitting 'zone

control' whereby the area(s) in which sprinkler devices have operated can

be identified and isolated from other parts of the building. The alarm may

include an LCD display or other visual device to provide information.

The sensors may be individually wired to the alarm by respective pairs

of wires or by respective single wires in combination with a common earth

or the like. Alternatively, there may be one or more common buses linking

the sensors to the alarm with respective differently addressed components

associated with the sensors whereby the sensors can communicate

individually with the alarm via the common bus or buses by virtue of a

'polling' operation whereby the alarm periodically checks the individual

sensors at their addresses, or by feed of address coded signals to the alarm

from a respective actuated sensor.

The electrical sensor functions to provide a signal by virtue of the

change in the said electrical parameter indicative of an increase in temperature to (or a predetermined relationship to) the predetermined

threshold level at which operation of its respective sprinkler device occurs.

In a preferred embodiment, the electrical parameter comprises

electrical conductivity through the cover plate, or through a component

physically associated with the cover plate in that such conductivity is

removed when the cover plate falls.

Thus, the electrical circuit may include two connectors which are

electrically linked by contact with the cover plate itself, or a component

attached to or incorporated in the plate.

Where the plate is made from conductive material or has a conductive

part (e.g. a strip or wire bonded to or moulded in a plastics plate) the

connectors may rest on the conductive material or conductive part so as to

be normally conductively bridged thereby. Good contact may be achieved

by weight or spring pressure. Alternatively, the conductors may be

attached to the conductive material or to the conductive part via a

heat-fusible or heat-rupturable conductive link so that the conductors are

normally bridged but the link disrupts to break the connection and allow fall

of the cover plate at the predetermined temperature. The link may be the

aforementioned solder link or magnetic attraction.

In a particularly preferred embodiment the connectors are provided

by the elongate linking members mentioned above. Where such linking

members are plugged into sockets on the housing insulation of the sockets relative to each other through the housing may be achieved by use of a

housing material such as plastics which is inherently non-conductive or by

insertion of insulating material between the sockets and the housing.

As an alternative to the use of conductors which are normally

conductively bridged by the cover plate other arrangements possibly

involving other electrical parameters are also possible. Thus, for example,

the conductors may be normally open but are momentarily bridged to give

a trigger signal when the cover plate falls; the cover plate or a component

physically associated therewith may have a changeable electromagnetic or

capacitive or magnetic influence on an adjacent coil or plate or semi¬

conductor or other device.

The sprinkler systems of the invention are particularly suitable for use

with sprinkler outlets to be plumbed into a known distributor system. Thus,

each sprinkler outlet is preferably installed at a distributor head. This is

particularly advantageous for the installation of sprinkler systems in new

buildings, as it allows the sprinkler system to be installed at negligible extra

cost.

According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided

a sprinkler system having a plurality of sprinkler devices as described above

and a common alarm connected to the alarm sensors.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention there is

provided a sprinkler system having a plurality of sprinkler devices each comprising a sprinkler outlet closed with a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable

plug and an alarm sensor arranged for actuation in correspondence with the

operation of the sprinkler outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the plug, and

an alarm connected to the alarm sensors of the sprinkler devices,

characterised in that the sensors are operational wholly independently of

flow within the sprinkler system and the alarm is arranged to provide an

indication of the identity of an actuated said sensor.

With this arrangement, the sensors are not responsive to fluid flow

in the sprinkler system, nor do the sensors provide any control over the fluid

flow as for example by opening flow valves or switching on pumps,

whereby accurate convenient alarm monitoring can be achieved with a

'fresh' water system: a stagnant or dry system is not required.

With the fourth aspect of the present invention the sprinkler devices

may be as described in connection with the first or second aspects of the

invention.

The invention will now be described further by way of example only

and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of one form of a sprinkler

system according to the present invention;

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic cross-sectional side view of a sprinkler outlet

according to the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1 , a sprinkler system which may be installed in a building of domestic or commercial premises has a plurality of sprinkler

devices 1 at different positions in different rooms of different zones of the

building.

The sprinkler devices 1 are connected to a water mains supply pipe 2.

Each sprinkler device 1 , as will be described in more detail

hereinafter, incorporates a respective alarm sensor 3. The sensors 3 are

connected to an alarm device 4, a power supply 5, an internal sounder 6

and an external siren 7. The alarm device 4, power supply 5 and internal

sounder 6 are mounted at a central location remote from the sprinkler

devices 1 . The external siren 7 may be mounted at the same or different

remote location.

As shown in Figure 2 each sprinkler device has a moulded plastics

body part 8 with a cylindrical wall 9, an open bottom end 10, and a top end

closed by an integral disc-shaped end wall 1 1 . In the centre of the top end

wall 1 1 there is set a threaded metal (e.g. brass) tube 12 which projects at

one end above the end wall 1 1 and at its other end downwardly within the

cylindrical wall 9. Instead of the metal tube an integral moulded plastics

tube or sleeve may be used.

The upper projecting end of the tube 12 is screwed into a connection

piece 13 in the mains supply pipe 2.

On the other end of the tube 1 2 there is screwed a metal frame

member 14 containing a glass bulb 15 partially filled with liquid. The bulb 1 5 is held tightly between a lower support abutment 16 within the frame

member 14 and a sealing plug 17 within the tube 12. The glass bulb 1 5

holds the plug 17 tightly within the tube 12 so as to seal this and prevent

escape of water even at mains pressure.

Beneath the frame member 14 there is a transverse vaned or slotted

disc 18 rotatably mounted on the frame member 14.

The arrangement so far described is generally conventional. In the

event that the bulb 15 is heated above a predetermined temperature (usually

68 °C), as would happen in a fire, the bulb 15 bursts allowing the plug 17

to be displaced by water pressure. Water sprays out of the tube and is

deflected by the vanes or slots of the disc 18 to provide a diffuse spray

over a wide area.

In accordance with conventional practice the body part 8 of the

sprinkler device 1 may be set within a ceiling of the building and a metal

(e.g. brass) cover plate 19 may be fixed over the open bottom of the

cylindrical wall 9 to conceal the sprinkler device 1 from view. This cover

plate 19 is conventionally attached to the cylindrical wall 9 by means of

solder which melts at a predetermined temperature (say 68 °C) to allow the

plate 19 to fall away.

In accordance with the present embodiment the cover plate 19 is held

in position by means of two upstanding metal (e.g. brass) rods 20. The

cover plate 19 is disc-shaped having a flat central part with an upwardly displaced rim. The rods 20 extend from the rim at right angles to the

central part at diametrically opposed positions.

The rods 20 are fixed to the cover plate at their bottom ends by

means of solder 20a which melts at the aforesaid predetermined

temperature to allow separation of the cover plate 19 from the rods 20.

At diametrically opposite positions on the outer surface of the

cylindrical wall 9 there are fixed axially extending downwardly open tubular

sockets 21 containing internal ratchet or barb elements.

The sockets 21 are made from a conductive metal, such as brass,

and have screw fittings 22 at their top ends for connection of electrical

leads 23.

The rods 20 have complementary ratchet or barb configurations 24

at their top ends defined by springy projections.

The cover plate 19 can be fitted in position by inserting the top ends

of the rods 20 into the sockets 21 . The rods 20 are pushed in until the

cover plate 19 is in the required position. The rods 20 then lock tightly in

position due to the springy ratchet/barb arrangement and cannot be pulled

out.

The rods 20 and brass cover plate 19 act to define an electrically

conductive bridge between the electrical fittings 22. A signal is thereby

supplied to the alarm via the leads 23 from the alarm sensor comprising the

connectors 22, sockets 21 , rods 20 and cover plate 19. In the event that the temperature reaches the predetermined level

causing the solder between the rods 20 and the cover plate 19 to melt in

the vicinity of any of the sprinkler devices, the cover plate 19 fails away

and this immediately breaks the conductive bridge between the fittings 22.

An appropriate signal is supplied to the alarm 4 which is triggered so as to

operate the sounders 6, 7.

The alarm 4 has an LCD display panel which indicates the location of

the sprinkler device 1 which has triggered operation of the alarm 4. This

indication may identify the particular sprinkler device (or devices) or may

identify the zone of the sprinkler device 1.

With this arrangement, the alarm sensors operate wholly

independently of the water flow, they do not respond to water flow

pressure, nor do they control the pressure in any way. Thus, the system

described can be used with a fresh water main supply system, it is not

restricted to use with a stagnant water or dry system.

Moreover, each sprinkler device has its own independent alarm

sensor whereby the exact location of a rise in temperature signifying a fire

condition can be monitored and identified.

These benefits are attained with a particularly simple, convenient and

inexpensive construction; it is, for example, not necessary to provide

expensive or complicated alarm sensor devices at each sprinkler device.

Essentially it is only necessary to attach electrical leads to the constructional parts of the sprinkler device.

It is of course to be understood that the invention is not intended to

be restricted to the details of the above embodiment which are described

by way of example only.

Thus, for example, although the system has been described in relation

to a conventional water supply system, the sprinkler arrangement is

particularly suitable for use with a distributor-type water supply system

whereby mains water is fed in a loop to a series of distributor heads from

which branch supply lines to domestic water devices such as taps,

toilets, etc., are run. In this case, the sprinkler outlets can be connected to

or integrated in the individual distributor heads whereby the sprinkler system

can be installed at the same time as initially the water supply system at little

or no additional cost.

Also, whilst reference has been made to a particular combination of

plastics and metal components it is to be understood that other

arrangements may also be used. For example, the cover plate may also be

of plastics construction with an attached component (such as an embedded

wire) to provide conductivity between the rods.

Claims

1 . A sprinkler device for a sprinkler system having a sprinkler outlet (12)
closed with a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable plug (1 5, 17), a
component (19) which is adapted to move or change at. a
predetermined temperature to cooperate with sprinkler operation, and
an alarm sensor (19-22) arranged for actuation in correspondence
with operation of the sprinkler outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the
plus, characterised in that the alarm sensor comprises an electrical
circuit having an electrical parameter determined by the said
component (19) whereby such parameter changes when the
component (19) moves or changes.
2. A sprinkler device for a sprinkler system having a sprinkler outlet (12)
closed with a heat-fusible or heat-rupturable plug (15, 17), a cover
plate (19) beneath the outlet (12) mounted relative thereto by a
heat-sensitive connection (20a) which allows the cover plate (19) to
fall away to expose the outlet at a predetermined temperature, and
an alarm sensor (19-22) arranged for actuation in correspondence
with operation of the sprinkler outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the
plug (15, 17), characterised in that the alarm sensor (19-22)
comprises an electrical circuit having an electrical parameter defined
by the cover plate (19) whereby such parameter changes when the
cover plate (19) falls away.
3. A sprinkler device according to claim 2 characterised by the provision
of a deflector plate (18) beneath the outlet (12).
4. A sprinkler device according to claim 2 or 3 characterised in that the
heat fusible or heat rupturable plug (15, 1 7) incorporates a fluid-
containing glass tube or bulb (15) which is breakable on thermal
expansion of the fluid.
5. A sprinkler device according to any one of claims 2 to 4
characterised in that the cover plate (19) is connected to a housing
(8) of the sprinkler device.
6. A sprinkler device according to claim 5 characterised in that the
cover plate (19) is connected to the housing by one or more heat
fusible or heat rupturable links (20a).
7. A sprinkler device according to claim 6 characterised in that the (or
each) link (20a) comprises a body of solder.
8. A sprinkler device according to claim 5 characterised in that the
cover plate (19) is connected to the housing by attraction between
one or more pairs of magnets.
9. A sprinkler device according to any one of claims 5 to 8
characterised in that the (or each) link (20a) between the cover plate
(19) and the housing (8) is via the intermediary of an elongate linking
member (20) which is connected at one end to the cover plate (19)
via the heat fusible or heat rupturable link (20a) and is mechanically attached at its other end to the housing (8).
10. A sprinkler device according to claim 9 characterised in that the
mechanical attachment comprises insertion of a barbed or rachet end
(24) of the linking member (20) into a socket (21 ) having a
cooperable retaining structure.
1 1 . A sprinkler device according to claim 9 or 10 characterised in that
there are two upstanding linking members (20) at diametrically
opposed positions on the cover plate (19).
12. A sprinkler device according to any one of claims 2-1 1 characterised
in that the electrical circuit includes two connectors (20) linked by
contact with the cover plate (19) or a component physically
associated with the cover plate.
13. A sprinkler device according to claim 12 when dependent on claim 9
wherein the connectors (20) are provided by the said linking
members.
14. A sprinkler system having a plurality of sprinkler devices according
to any one of claims 2 to 13 in combination with an alarm (4)
connected to the alarm sensors (19-22).
15. A sprinkler system according to claim 14 characterised in that the
alarm is operable to provide an indication of the location of an
actuated said alarm sensor.
16. A sprinkler system having a plurality of sprinkler devices (1 ) each comprising a sprinkler outlet (12) closed with a heat-fusible or
heat-rupturable plug (15, 17) and an alarm sensor (19-22) arranged
for actuation in correspondence with the operation of the sprinkler
outlet by heat fusion or rupture of the plug (15, 1 7), and an alarm (4)
connected to the alarm sensors (19-22) of the sprinkler devices (1 ),
characterised in that the sensors (19-22) are operational wholly
independently of flow within the sprinkler system and the alarm (4)
is arranged to provide an indication of the identity of an actuated said
sensor (19-22).
PCT/GB2001/003775 2000-08-22 2001-08-22 Sprinkler system WO2002015981A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0020551A GB0020551D0 (en) 2000-08-22 2000-08-22 Sprinkler system
GB0020551.8 2000-08-22

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20010963133 EP1320405A1 (en) 2000-08-22 2001-08-22 Sprinkler system
AU8416701A AU8416701A (en) 2000-08-22 2001-08-22 Sprinkler system
GB0306499A GB2383533B (en) 2000-08-22 2001-08-22 Sprinkler system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2002015981A1 true true WO2002015981A1 (en) 2002-02-28

Family

ID=9897994

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB2001/003775 WO2002015981A1 (en) 2000-08-22 2001-08-22 Sprinkler system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1320405A1 (en)
GB (2) GB0020551D0 (en)
WO (1) WO2002015981A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8002046B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2011-08-23 Neeb Daniel A Apparatus for reducing the incidence of tampering with automatic fire sprinkler assemblies
US8297370B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2012-10-30 Tyco Fire Products Lp Releasing control unit for a residential fire protection system
US8353356B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2013-01-15 Tyco Fire Products Lp Residential flat plate concealed sprinkler
US9498534B2 (en) 2013-07-04 2016-11-22 Novo Nordisk A/S Derivatives of GLP-1 like peptides, and uses thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR602030A (en) * 1924-11-19 1926-03-11 Improvements to combat methods against fire
FR791736A (en) * 1934-09-15 1935-12-16 Improvements to fire sprinklers devices
US4976320A (en) * 1989-05-25 1990-12-11 Central Sprinkler Corporation Concealed sprinkler with drop down deflector assembly, and improved fusible valve lever assembly
EP0505672A2 (en) * 1991-03-25 1992-09-30 Grinnell Corporation Fire protection sprinkler

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR602030A (en) * 1924-11-19 1926-03-11 Improvements to combat methods against fire
FR791736A (en) * 1934-09-15 1935-12-16 Improvements to fire sprinklers devices
US4976320A (en) * 1989-05-25 1990-12-11 Central Sprinkler Corporation Concealed sprinkler with drop down deflector assembly, and improved fusible valve lever assembly
EP0505672A2 (en) * 1991-03-25 1992-09-30 Grinnell Corporation Fire protection sprinkler

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8297370B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2012-10-30 Tyco Fire Products Lp Releasing control unit for a residential fire protection system
US8353356B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2013-01-15 Tyco Fire Products Lp Residential flat plate concealed sprinkler
US8668023B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2014-03-11 Tyco Fire Products Lp Releasing control unit for a residential fire protection system
US8002046B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2011-08-23 Neeb Daniel A Apparatus for reducing the incidence of tampering with automatic fire sprinkler assemblies
US9498534B2 (en) 2013-07-04 2016-11-22 Novo Nordisk A/S Derivatives of GLP-1 like peptides, and uses thereof
US10010614B2 (en) 2013-07-04 2018-07-03 Novo Nordisk A/S Derivatives of GLP-1 like peptides, and uses thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB0306499D0 (en) 2003-04-23 grant
GB0020551D0 (en) 2000-10-11 grant
GB2383533A (en) 2003-07-02 application
EP1320405A1 (en) 2003-06-25 application
GB2383533B (en) 2004-03-03 grant

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