WO2001078745A1 - Medical combinations comprising formoterol and fluticasone proprionate - Google Patents

Medical combinations comprising formoterol and fluticasone proprionate

Info

Publication number
WO2001078745A1
WO2001078745A1 PCT/GB2001/001649 GB0101649W WO2001078745A1 WO 2001078745 A1 WO2001078745 A1 WO 2001078745A1 GB 0101649 W GB0101649 W GB 0101649W WO 2001078745 A1 WO2001078745 A1 WO 2001078745A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
pharmaceutical formulation
formoterol
pharmaceutically acceptable
formulation according
fluticasone propionate
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB2001/001649
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Brian Charles Gavin
Ronique Nichele Garrett
Trevor Charles Roche
Original Assignee
Glaxo Group Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0012Galenical forms characterised by the site of application
    • A61K9/007Pulmonary tract; Aromatherapy
    • A61K9/0073Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy
    • A61K9/0078Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy for inhalation via a nebulizer such as a jet nebulizer, ultrasonic nebulizer, e.g. in the form of aqueous drug solutions or dispersions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/56Compounds containing cyclopenta[a]hydrophenanthrene ring systems; Derivatives, e.g. steroids
    • A61K31/57Compounds containing cyclopenta[a]hydrophenanthrene ring systems; Derivatives, e.g. steroids substituted in position 17 beta by a chain of two carbon atoms, e.g. pregnane, progesterone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0012Galenical forms characterised by the site of application
    • A61K9/0043Nose
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0012Galenical forms characterised by the site of application
    • A61K9/007Pulmonary tract; Aromatherapy
    • A61K9/0073Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy
    • A61K9/0075Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy for inhalation via a dry powder inhaler [DPI], e.g. comprising micronized drug mixed with lactose carrier particles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0012Galenical forms characterised by the site of application
    • A61K9/007Pulmonary tract; Aromatherapy
    • A61K9/0073Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy
    • A61K9/008Sprays or powders for inhalation; Aerolised or nebulised preparations generated by other means than thermal energy comprising drug dissolved or suspended in liquid propellant for inhalation via a pressurized metered dose inhaler [MDI]

Abstract

The present invention is concerned with pharmaceutical formulations comprising a combination of formoterol and fluticasone propionate and the use of such formulations in medicine, particularly in the prophylaxis and treatment of respiratory diseases.

Description

MEDICAL COMBINATIONS COMPRISING FORMOTEROL AND FLUTICASONE PROPRIONATE

The present invention is concerned with combinations of formoterol and fluticasone propionate, particularly compositions containing a combination of formoterol and fluticasone propionate and the use of such compositions in medicine, particularly in the prophylaxis and treatment of respiratory diseases.

Formoterol, i.e. 2'-hydroxy-5'-[(RS)-1-hydroxy-2{[(RS)-p-methoxy-α- methylphenethyl]amino}ethyl]formanilide, particularly its fumarate salt is a well- known adrenoreceptor agonist which is now used clinically in the treatment of bronchial asthma and related disorders.

Fluticasone propionate is an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid, described in GB 2088877, and is systematically named S-fluoromethyl-6α,9α-difluoro-11β- hydroxy-16α-methyl-17α-propionyloxy-3-oxoandrosta-1 ,4-diene-17β- carbothioate. Fluticasone propionate is now used clinically for the treatment of bronchial asthma and related disorders.

Although formoterol fumarate and fluticasone propionate may be effective therapies, there exists a clinical need for asthma therapies having potent and selective action and having an advantageous profile of action.

Therefore, according to the present invention there is provided a combination of formoterol or a pharmaceutically.acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof.

It will be appreciated that the compounds of the combination may be administered simultaneously, either in the same or different pharmaceutical formulations or sequentially. If there is sequential administration, the delay in administering the second compound should not be such as to lose the beneficial therapeutic effect of the combination.

According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients. According to a preferred aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol fumarate and fluticasone propionate, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients. In the most preferred aspect, the above pharmaceutical formulations are suitable for administration by inhalation.

It is to be understood that the present invention covers all combinations of particular and preferred aspects of the invention described herein.

As would be appreciated by the skilled person, formoterol includes two asymmetric centres. The present invention includes each isomer of formoterol either in substantially pure form or admixed in any proportions, particularly the (R,R)- isomer. The enantiomers of formoterol have been described previously, for example, in W098/21175 and US5795564.

By the term "physiologically functional derivative" is meant a chemical derivative of formoterol or fluticasone propionate having the same physiological function as the free compound, for example, by being convertible in the body thereto. According to the present invention, examples of physiologically functional derivatives include esters.

Suitable salts according to the invention include those formed with both organic and inorganic acids. Pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts include but are not limited to those formed from hydrochloric, hydrobromic, sulphuric, citric, tartaric, phosphoric, lactic, pyruvic, acetic, trifluoroacetic, succinic, oxalic, fumaric, maleic, oxaloacetic, methanesulphonic, ethanesulphonic, p- toluenesulphonic, benzenesulphonic, isethionic, and naphthalenecarboxylic, such as 1-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acids. Pharmaceutically acceptable esters of formoterol or fluticasone propionate may have a hydroxyl group converted to a Cι_6alkyl, aryl, aryl C^ alkyl, or amino acid ester.

As mentioned above, both formoterol and fluticasone propionate and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, solvates, and physiologically functional derivatives have been described for use in the treatment of respiratory diseases. Therefore, formulations of formoterol and fluticasone propionate and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, solvates, and physiologically functional derivatives have use in the prophylaxis and treatment of clinical conditions for which a selective β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or an antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated. Such conditions include diseases associated with reversible airways obstruction such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) (e.g. chronic and wheezy bronchitis, emphysema), respiratory tract infection and upper respiratory tract disease.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a method for the prophylaxis or treatment of a clinical condition in a mammal, such as a human, for which a selective p2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated, which comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a combination of formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof. The present invention further provides a method for the prophylaxis or treatment of a clinical condition in a mammal, such as a human, for which a selective β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated, which comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. In a preferred aspect, there is provided such a method which comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol fumarate and fluticasone propionate, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. In particular, the present invention provides such methods for the prophylaxis or treatment of a disease associated with reversible airways obstruction such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory tract infection or upper respiratory tract disease.

In the alternative, there is provided a combination of formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, for use in therapy, particularly for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a clinical condition for which a selective β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated. In particular, there is provided a pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof (suitably, formoterol fumarate) and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient for use in therapy, particularly for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a clinical condition for which a selective β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated. In a preferred aspect, the invention is concerned with the prophylaxis or treatment of a disease associated with reversible airways obstruction such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory tract infection or upper respiratory tract disease.

The amount of formoterol and fluticasone propionate, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate or physiologically functional derivative thereof which is required to achieve a therapeutic effect will, of course, vary with the particular compound, the route of administration, the subject under treatment, and the particular disorder or disease being treated. As a onotherapy, formoterol fumarate is generally administered to adult humans by aerosol inhalation at a dose of 12mcg or 24mcg twice daily. As a monotherapy, fluticasone propionate is administered to adult humans by aerosol inhalation at a dose of from 100mcg to lOOOmcg twice daily, preferably 200mcg to 500mcg. While it is possible for the active ingredients of the combination to be administered as the raw chemical, it is preferable to present them as a pharmaceutical formulation. When the individual compounds of the combination are administered separately, they are generally each presented as a pharmaceutical formulation as described previously in the art.

Pharmaceutical formulations are often prescribed to the patient in "patient packs" containing the whole course of treatment in a single package. Patient packs have an advantage over traditional prescriptions, where a pharmacist divides a patient's supply of a pharmaceutical from a bulk supply, in that the patient always has access to the package insert contained in the patient pack, normally missing in traditional prescriptions. The inclusion of a package insert has been shown to improve patient compliance with the physician's instructions and, therefore, lead generally to more successful treatment. It will be understood that the administration of the combination of the invention by means of a single patient pack, or patient packs of each component compound, and containing a package insert instructing the patient to the correct use of the invention is a desirable additional feature of the invention.

Hereinafter, the term "active ingredients" means formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, preferably formoterol fumarate, and fluticasone propionate, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof.

Suitably, the pharmaceutical formulations which are suitable for inhalation according to the invention comprise the active ingredients in amounts such that each actuation provides therapeutically effective dose, for example, a dose of formoterol of 10mcg to 150mcg, preferably 24mcg and a dose of fluticasone propionate of 50mcg to 1.Omg, preferably 10Omcg to 500mcg.

The pharmaceutical formulations according to the invention may further include other therapeutic agents for example anti-inflammatory agents such as other corticosteroids (e.g. budenoside, beclomethasone dipropionate, mometasone furoate, or triamcinolone acetonide), or NSAIDs (e.g. sodium cromoglycate, nedocromil sodium, PDE-4 inhibitors, leukotriene antagonists, iNOS inhibitors, tryptase and elastase inhibitors, beta-2 integrin antagonists and adenosine 2a agonists), or other β2-adrenoreceptor agonists (such as salbutamol, salmeterol, fenoterol or terbutaline and salts thereof), or anticholinergic agents (such as ipratropium, or tiotropium).

The formulations include those suitable for oral, parenteral (including subcutaneous, intradermal, intramuscular, intravenous and intraarticular), intranasal, inhalation (including fine particle dusts or mists which may be generated by means of various types of metered dose pressurised aerosols, nebulisers or insufflators), rectal and topical (including dermal, buccal, sublingual and intraocular) administration although the most suitable route may depend upon for example the condition and disorder of the recipient. The formulations may conveniently be presented in unit dosage form and may be prepared by any of the methods well known in the art of pharmacy. All methods include the step of bringing the active ingredients into association with the carrier which constitutes one or more accessory ingredients. In general the formulations are prepared by uniformly and intimately bringing into association the active ingredients with liquid carriers or finely divided solid carriers or both and then, if necessary, shaping the product into the desired formulation.

Formulations for inhalation include powder compositions which will preferably contain lactose, and spray compositions which may be formulated, for example, as aqueous solutions or suspensions or as aerosols delivered from pressurised packs, with the use of a suitable propellant, e.g. dichlorodifluoromethane, . trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane, 1,1 ,1 ,2,3,3,3- heptafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, carbon dioxide or other suitable gas. Suitable aerosol formulations include those described in EP 0372777 and W093/11743. For suspension aerosols, the active ingredients should be micronised so as to permit inhalation of substantially all of the active ingredients into the lungs upon administration of the aerosol formulation, thus the active ingredients will have a particle size of less than 100 microns, desirably less than 20 microns, and preferably in the range 1 to 10 microns, for example, 1 to 5 microns. lήtranasal sprays may be formulated with aqueous or non-aqueous vehicles with the addition of agents such as thickening agents, buffer salts or acid or alkali to adjust the pH, isotonicity adjusting agents or anti-oxidants.

Capsules and cartridges or for example gelatin, or blisters of for example laminated aluminium foil, for use in an inhaler or insuflator may be formulated containing a powder mix of the active ingredients and a suitable powder base such as lactose or starch. In this aspect, the active ingredients are suitably micronised so as to permit inhalation of substantially all of the active ingredients into the lungs upon administration of the dry powder formulation, thus the active ingredients will have a particle size of less than 100 microns, desirably less than 20 microns, and preferably in the range 1 to 10 microns.

Solutions for inhalation by nebulation may be formulated with an aqueous vehicle with the addition of agents such as acid or alkali, buffer salts, isotonicity adjusting agents or antimicrobials. They may be sterilised by filtration or heating in an autoclave, or presented as a non-sterile product.

Preferred unit dosage formulations are those containing a pharmaceutically effective dose, as hereinbefore recited, or an appropriate fraction thereof, of the active ingredient. Thus, in the case of formulations designed for delivery by metered dose pressurised aerosols, one actuation of the aerosol may deliver half of the therapeutically effective amount such that two actuations are necessary to deliver the therapeutically effective dose.

It should be understood that in addition to the ingredients particularly mentioned above, the formulations of this invention may include other agents conventional in the art having regard to the type of formulation in question. Furthermore, the claimed formulations include bioequivalents as defined by the US Food and Drugs Agency.

For a better understanding of the invention, the following Examples are given by way of illustration. EXAMPLES

A: Metered Dose Inhalers

Example 1

The micronised active ingredients are weighed into an aluminium can, 1 ,1 ,1 ,2- tetrafluoroethane is then added from a vacuum flask and a metering valve is crimped into place.

Similar methods may be used for the formulations of Examples 2 and 3:

Example 2

B: Dry Powder Inhalers

Example 4

The active ingredients are micronised and bulk blended with the lactose in the proportions given above. The blend is filled into hard gelatin capsules or cartridges or in specifically constructed double foil blister packs to be administered by an inhaler such as a Rotahaler, Diskhaler, or Diskus inhaler (each of these being a Trademark of Glaxo Group Limited).

Similar methods may be used for the formulations of Examples 5 and 6:

Example 5

C: Intranasal

Example 7: Aqueous nasal spray

1based on 100mg suspension per actuation

Example 8 : intranasal dry powder

D: Nebulisers

Example 9

Claims

Claims
1. A pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients.
2. A pharmaceutical formulation comprising formoterol fumarate and fluticasone propionate, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients.
3. A pharmaceutical formulation according to claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the formoterol is in the form of (R,R)-formoterol fumarate.
4. A pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 3 further comprising another cortocosteroid, another β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or an anticholinergic agent:
5. A pharmaceutical formulation according to claim 4 wherein the other β2- adrenoreceptor is salbutamol, salmeterol, fenoterol, terbutaline, or a salt thereof.
6. A pharmaceutical formulation according to claim 4 wherein the anticholinergic agent is ipratropium or tiotropium.
7. A pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 6 wherein the amount of formoterol per unit dose is from above 72 to 150 micrograms.
8. A pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 7 wherein the amount of fluticasone propionate per unit dose is from above 500 micrograms to 1.0mg.
9. A pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 8 which is suitable for administration by inhalation.
10. A pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 8 which is suitable for intranasal administration.
11. A pharmaceutical formulation consisting of formoterol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof and fluticasone propionate or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients, and 1,1 ,12- tetrafluoroethane, 1 ,1 ,1 ,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-n-propane or a mixture thereof as propellant.
12. A method for the prophylaxis or treatment of a clinical condition in a mammal, such as a human, for which a selective β2-adrenoreceptor agonist and/or an antiinflammatory corticosteroid is indicated, which comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical formulation according to any one of claims 1 to 11.
13. A method according to claim 11 wherein the clinical condition is a disease associated with reversible airways obstruction such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory tract infection or upper respiratory tract disease.
14. A method according to claim 11 wherein the clinical condition is respiratory tract infection or upper respiratory tract disease.
15. A Rotahaler, Diskhaler or Diskus inhaler containing a pharmaceutical formulation according to any of claims 1 to 9.
PCT/GB2001/001649 2000-04-18 2001-04-11 Medical combinations comprising formoterol and fluticasone proprionate WO2001078745A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0009591A GB0009591D0 (en) 2000-04-18 2000-04-18 Medical combinations
GB0009591.9 2000-04-18

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WO2002072108A1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-09-19 Glaxo Group Limited Use of fluticasone propionate in the treatment of diseases ameliorated by enhancement of epithelial/matrix adhesion such as asthma, cystic fibrosis and influenza
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US6777399B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2004-08-17 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Anti-inflammatory androstane derivative compositions
US6759398B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2004-07-06 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Anti-inflammatory androstane derivative
US6750210B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2004-06-15 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Formulation containing novel anti-inflammatory androstane derivative
US6858596B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2005-02-22 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Formulation containing anti-inflammatory androstane derivative
US6787532B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2004-09-07 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Formulation containing anti-inflammatory androstane derivatives
US6777400B2 (en) 2000-08-05 2004-08-17 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Anti-inflammatory androstane derivative compositions
WO2002053186A3 (en) * 2001-01-05 2003-05-22 Roxane Lab Inc Fluticasone suspension formulation, spray pattern method, and nasal spray apparatus
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WO2002072108A1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-09-19 Glaxo Group Limited Use of fluticasone propionate in the treatment of diseases ameliorated by enhancement of epithelial/matrix adhesion such as asthma, cystic fibrosis and influenza
US6878698B2 (en) 2001-04-07 2005-04-12 Glaxo Group Limited Anti-inflammatory androstane derivatives
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WO2002083079A2 (en) * 2001-04-17 2002-10-24 Dey, L.P. Aerosol compositions containing formoterol for delivery to the lungs via nebulization
WO2002083113A2 (en) * 2001-04-17 2002-10-24 Dey, L.P. Aerosol compositions containing formoterol and a steroid such as e.g. budesonide or fluticasone for delivery into the lungs via nebulization
US9597396B2 (en) 2001-04-17 2017-03-21 Mylan Specialty Lp Formoterol/steroid bronchodilating compositions and methods of use thereof
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