WO2001072396A1 - Filter for diesel engine fuel - Google Patents

Filter for diesel engine fuel Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2001072396A1
WO2001072396A1 PCT/EP2001/003052 EP0103052W WO0172396A1 WO 2001072396 A1 WO2001072396 A1 WO 2001072396A1 EP 0103052 W EP0103052 W EP 0103052W WO 0172396 A1 WO0172396 A1 WO 0172396A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
micromesh
characterized
fuel
filter according
filtering mass
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2001/003052
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Paolo Baracchi
Claudio Crovetti
Sergio Tallano
Original Assignee
Sogefi Filtration S.P.A
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITMI2000A000633 priority Critical
Priority to IT2000MI000633A priority patent/IT1316849B1/en
Application filed by Sogefi Filtration S.P.A filed Critical Sogefi Filtration S.P.A
Publication of WO2001072396A1 publication Critical patent/WO2001072396A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D27/00Cartridge filters of the throw-away type
    • B01D27/14Cartridge filters of the throw-away type having more than one filtering element
    • B01D27/146Cartridge filters of the throw-away type having more than one filtering element connected in series
    • B01D27/148Cartridge filters of the throw-away type having more than one filtering element connected in series arranged concentrically or coaxially
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/04Breaking emulsions
    • B01D17/045Breaking emulsions with coalescers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/08Thickening liquid suspensions by filtration
    • B01D17/10Thickening liquid suspensions by filtration with stationary filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/003Filters in combination with devices for the removal of liquids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M37/00Apparatus or systems for feeding liquid fuel from storage containers to carburettors or fuel-injection apparatus; Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M37/22Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system
    • F02M37/24Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system characterised by water separating means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S210/00Liquid purification or separation
    • Y10S210/05Coalescer

Abstract

A filter for Diesel engine fuel, comprising a filtering mass (5) which is contained within an enclosure (2) and is designed to be crossed by the fuel in its path inside the filter between an intake connector (3) and a discharge connector (4). The enclosure (2) comprises a water collection chamber (7) at its bottom. The filter further comprises at least two micromeshes (8, 10) which are adapted to be crossed sequentially by the fuel that exists from the filtering mass (5).

Description

FILTER FOR DIESEL ENGINE FUEL Technical field

The present invention relates to a filter for Diesel engine fuel. Background art It is known that filters inserted in the supply circuit of Diesel engine fuel, commonly known as Diesel fuel, comprise means adapted to separate the water contained in the fuel, but these means are less than fully satisfactory.

A very common type of filter utilizes the phenomenon of coalescence, according to which the microscopic water droplets that pass through the filtering mass mixed in with the Diesel fuel tend to merge along the path leading to the peripheral region of the fibers of said filtering mass, forming drops of a certain size which appear on the surface on which the Diesel fuel exits from said mass.

Some of these drops slide downward along said surface by gravity and collect in a chamber provided at the bottom of the filter, forming a mass of water which is periodically evacuated, but many of the drops escape from the surface, entrained by the Diesel fuel in its motion, and thus remain included therein, causing a loss of effectiveness of the filter. Disclosure of the Invention The aim of the present invention is to provide a filter for Diesel engine fuel which ensures high efficiency in eliminating water from the fuel.

This aim is achieved by a filter for Diesel engine fuel, according to the invention, comprising a filtering mass which is contained within an enclosure, said mass being designed to be crossed by the fuel in its path inside the filter between an intake connector and a discharge connector, said enclosure comprising a water collection chamber at the bottom, characterized in that it comprises at least two micromeshes which are adapted to be crossed sequentially by the fuel that exits from the filtering mass. Brief description of the drawings Further characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become better apparent from the following detailed description of some preferred but not exclusive embodiments thereof, illustrated only by way of non-limitative example in the accompanying drawings, wherein: Figure 1 is a partial sectional view, taken along a longitudinal plane, of the invention according to a first embodiment;

Figure 2 is a view of a second embodiment of the invention;

Figures 3, 4 and 5 are views of three variations of the invention, comprising a sleeve for reinforcing the filtering mass; Figures 6 and 7 are views of two further embodiments of the invention.

Ways of carrying out the Invention

With reference to Figure 1, reference numeral 1 generally designates a filter comprising a per se known structure which is adapted to determine, inside the enclosure 2, the circulation of the Diesel fuel indicated by the arrows in the figure between the intake connector 3 located at the enclosure and the discharge connector 4 located in the central region, passing through the filtering mass 5.

The water droplets that have formed by coalescence during the flow of the Diesel fuel through said filtering mass emerge from the surface 5 a of said filtering mass, and while some of the droplets, such as 6a, slide by gravity along the surface 5a to collect in the collection chamber 7 provided at the bottom of the enclosure 2, the remaining droplets continue along their path, included within the Diesel fuel, and encounter the first micromesh 8 located proximate to the surface 5a. Some droplets, such as 6b, are retained at the intake of the mesh, while others, such as 9a, form at the discharge of said mesh: all the droplets in any case slide toward the collection chamber 7.

The Diesel fuel continues in its motion, and any water droplets that might still be present, such as 9b, are captured by the second micromesh 10 and separate from the Diesel fuel, descending into the chamber 7. The above operating methods have been described merely as an indication, since operation is greatly influenced by the functional parameters of the motor supplied with the treated Diesel fuel and by the dimensions of the micromeshes. At the output of the micromesh 10, the purified Diesel fuel is sent to the engine, while the water collected in the chamber 7 is emptied periodically when indicated by the sensor 11.

The micromesh 10 has a complete bottom 10a, also made of micromesh, but said bottom might be only partial and provided with a blind surface, and might also be omitted.

Figure 2 illustrates a filter 12 having the structure as described above and in which the first micromesh 13 is arranged so as to adhere to the filtering mass 5, while the second micromesh 14 is located proximate to the first micromesh 13. Some of the water droplets such as 15a that form by coalescence during the flow of the fuel through the filtering mass 5 are captured immediately by the first micromesh 13 and slide downward along it, collecting in the collection chamber 7.

As the Diesel fuel continues in its motion, it encounters the second micromesh 14, and the water droplets being still present therein, such as 15b, are captured and slide toward the chamber 7.

The micromesh 14 has a complete bottom 14a, also made of micromesh, but said bottom might be only partial and provided with a blind surface, and might also be omitted. The filters shown in Figures 3, 4 and 5 also have a structure as described above, but they also comprise in a known manner the sleeve 16 for reinforcing the filtering mass 5 which is adjacent to the internal surface of said mass.

According to the invention, the filter 17 shown in Figure 3 has the first micromesh 18 proximate to the sleeve 16 and the second micromesh 19 proximate to the first micromesh 18; the filter 20 shown in Figure 4 has the first micromesh 21 in contact with the sleeve 16 and the second micromesh 22 proximate to the first micromesh 21; and the filter 23 shown in Figure 5 has the first micromesh 24 interposed between the sleeve 16 and the filtering mass 5 and the second micromesh 25 proximate to the sleeve 16.

The description given regarding the bottoms 10a and 14a of the micromeshes 10 and 14 provided in the embodiments of the invention considered with reference to Figures 1 and 2, respectively, also applies to the bottom of the micromeshes 19, 22 and 25, designated by the reference numerals 19a, 22a, 25a respectively.

Upon the above description, the functional characteristics of these filters are obvious and are in any case highlighted by the illustration of the water droplets shown in the respective figures; accordingly, an analytical description of said figures is deemed unnecessary. The filter 26 shown in Figure 6 has a structure as described above; in said filter, the first micromesh 27 comprises, at its lower end, the perforated bottom 27a, which is connected to the second micromesh 28; variations are also possible in which said bottom 27a is extended so as to connect to the filtering mass 5 or the bottom 28a of the second micromesh has the variety of shapes mentioned earlier; the first micromesh might have a bottom such as 27a even if it is located so as to adhere to the filtering mass 5.

In the filter 29 of Figure 7, the fuel intake is provided by way of the connector 30 located centrally, and after passing through the filtering mass 31 along the arrows shown in the figure, the fuel exits from the filter by way of the connector 32 at the outer enclosure 33, which is provided, proximate to the bottom, with the water collection chamber 34.

In this case, the two micromeshes 35 and 36, connected by the perforated bottom 35a, are arranged outside the filtering mass 31; the bottom 35a might also be omitted and the first micromesh 35 might of course be arranged proximate to said filtering mass 31 instead of adhering thereto. The described invention is susceptible of numerous other modifications and variations, all of which are within the scope of the appended claims; thus, for example, the ends of the micromeshes can be associated in any manner with the structure of the filter and be fixed thereto or not, and if the micromesh adheres to the supporting sleeve it can be provided monolithically therewith; the two micromeshes may further be joined in a monolithic unit.

Additional micromeshes, in addition to the two described ones, may also be provided. The disclosures in Italian Patent Application No. MI20000A000633 from which this application claims priority are incorporated herein by reference.

Claims

1. A filter for Diesel engine fuel, comprising a filtering mass (5,31) which is contained within an enclosure (2), said mass (5,31) being designed to be crossed by the fuel in its path inside the filter between an intake connector (3,30) and a discharge connector (4,32), said enclosure comprising a water collection chamber (7,34) at the bottom, characterized in that it comprises at least two micromeshes (8,10,13,14,18,19,21,22,24,25,27,28) which are adapted to be crossed sequentially by the fuel that exits from the filtering mass (5,31).
2. The filter according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a first micromesh (8), which is adapted to be crossed by the fuel that exits from the filtering mass (5) and is located proximate to the surface (5a) of said mass (5), and a second micromesh (10), which is adapted to be crossed by the fuel that exits from the first micromesh (8) and is located proximate to said first micromesh (8).
3. The filter according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a first micromesh (13), which is adapted to be crossed by the fuel that exits from the filtering mass (5) and adheres to said mass, and a second micromesh (14), which is adapted to be crossed by the fuel that exits from the first micromesh (13) and is located proximate to said first micromesh (13).
4. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a fuel intake connector (3) which is located proximate to the enclosure (2), with discharge through a connector (4) located in the central region, characterized in that the second micromesh (10,14,19,22,25) located inside the filtering mass is at least partially provided with a bottom (10a,14a,19a,22a,25a).
5. The filter according to claim 4, characterized in that the bottom (10a,14a,19a,22a,25a) of the second micromesh (10,14,19,22,25) is made of micromesh.
6. The filter according to claim 4, characterized in that the bottom (14a) of the second micromesh (14) is provided with a blind surface.
7. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a fuel intake connector (3) which is located proximate to the enclosure (2), with discharge through a connector (4) located in the central region, characterized in that the second micromesh (10) located inside the filtering mass (5) is bottomless.
8. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a reinforcement sleeve (16) which is adjacent to the internal surface (5a) of the filtering mass (5), characterized in that the first micromesh (18) is located proximate to said sleeve (16).
9. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a reinforcement sleeve (16) which is adjacent to the internal surface (5a) of the filtering mass (5), characterized in that the first micromesh (21) is arranged so as to adhere to said sleeve (16) on the inner part of said sleeve (16).
10. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a reinforcement sleeve (16) which is adjacent to the internal surface (5a) of the filtering mass (5), characterized in that the first micromesh (24) is interposed between the sleeve (16) and the filtering mass (5).
11. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first micromesh (27) is provided, at its lower end, with a perforated bottom (27a) for connection to the second micromesh (28).
12. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first micromesh (27) located proximate to the filtering mass (5) has, at its lower end, a perforated bottom (27a) for connection to said filtering mass (5).
13. The filter according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first (18,21) and second (19,22) micromeshes are joinable in a monolithic unit.
PCT/EP2001/003052 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel WO2001072396A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITMI2000A000633 2000-03-24
IT2000MI000633A IT1316849B1 (en) 2000-03-24 2000-03-24 A fuel filter for diesel engines

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE60104958T DE60104958T2 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel
EP01927743A EP1194207B1 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel
AU54693/01A AU5469301A (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel
SK1842-2001A SK18422001A3 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel
AT01927743T AT273738T (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel
BRPI0105308-6A BR0105308B1 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 diesel engine fuel filter.
US09/979,130 US6716349B2 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001072396A1 true WO2001072396A1 (en) 2001-10-04

Family

ID=11444635

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2001/003052 WO2001072396A1 (en) 2000-03-24 2001-03-16 Filter for diesel engine fuel

Country Status (12)

Country Link
US (1) US6716349B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1194207B1 (en)
AT (1) AT273738T (en)
AU (1) AU5469301A (en)
BR (1) BR0105308B1 (en)
CZ (1) CZ301250B6 (en)
DE (1) DE60104958T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2223831T3 (en)
IT (1) IT1316849B1 (en)
RU (1) RU2001134601A (en)
SK (1) SK18422001A3 (en)
WO (1) WO2001072396A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1852170A1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-11-07 Delgrosso S.p.A. Gas oil filter for diesel engines
EP2602472A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-12 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Fuel filter of an internal combustion engine and filter element of a fuel filter
EP2910290A1 (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-08-26 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Liquid filter
WO2016066411A1 (en) * 2014-10-30 2016-05-06 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Coalescence element and filter element having a coalescence element

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ITMI20011255A1 (en) * 2001-06-14 2002-12-16 Sogefi Filtration Spa A fuel filter for diesel engines with means for water separation
US6925994B2 (en) * 2003-06-03 2005-08-09 Richard G. Michel Regulated engine crankcase gas filter
US20060096909A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-11 Roger Patch Conductive plastic fuel filter funnel having improved flow rate and separation
US20060219625A1 (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-05 Robert Warner High-efficiency fuel-water filter
DE102005015194A1 (en) * 2005-04-02 2006-10-05 Mahle International Gmbh Fuel filter, with two filter layers, has a water collection zone in the hollow zone between and under the layers and a second lower zone for water collection is at the hollow zone upstream of the outer filter layer
BRPI0707339A2 (en) * 2006-01-30 2011-05-03 Donaldson Co Inc Filter arrangement and methods
EP1984619A2 (en) * 2006-02-07 2008-10-29 Donaldson Company, Inc. Filter arrangement and methods
DE112007001457T5 (en) * 2006-06-20 2009-04-30 Cummins Filtration Inc., Nashville Exchangeable filter elements with multiple filter media and associated filtration systems, techniques and methods
US20080105626A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-08 David Charles Jones Fuel filter
US7453271B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2008-11-18 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for sensing water within a fuel-water separator assembly
DE102008038160A1 (en) 2008-08-18 2010-02-25 Mahle International Gmbh filtering device
US8590712B2 (en) 2008-10-08 2013-11-26 Cummins Filtration Ip Inc. Modular filter elements for use in a filter-in-filter cartridge
US8517185B2 (en) * 2008-10-08 2013-08-27 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Two stage fuel water separator and particulate filter utilizing pleated nanofiber filter material
WO2010062592A2 (en) 2008-10-27 2010-06-03 Cummins Filtration Ip Inc. Filter cartridge having a filter within a filter, and an endplate sealing structure on an outer filter element
CN102596862B (en) * 2009-05-15 2015-09-30 康明斯过滤Ip公司 Surface coalescer
DE102010023650A1 (en) * 2010-06-14 2011-12-15 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Filter device, in particular liquid filter
DE102010043218A1 (en) * 2010-11-02 2012-05-03 Mahle International Gmbh Fuel filter for an internal combustion engine
FR2978061B1 (en) 2011-07-21 2014-04-11 Filtrauto Fuel filter with lower water collection compartment and filter element for such a filter
FR2994858B1 (en) 2012-09-05 2014-09-26 Filtrauto Water separation arrangement and use of two separating water elements in a fuel filter
US10058808B2 (en) 2012-10-22 2018-08-28 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Composite filter media utilizing bicomponent fibers
US9149749B2 (en) 2012-11-13 2015-10-06 Hollingsworth & Vose Company Pre-coalescing multi-layered filter media
US9149748B2 (en) 2012-11-13 2015-10-06 Hollingsworth & Vose Company Multi-layered filter media
US9546626B2 (en) * 2013-03-06 2017-01-17 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Depth coalescing filter with barrier media patch
US10195542B2 (en) 2014-05-15 2019-02-05 Hollingsworth & Vose Company Surface modified filter media
US10399024B2 (en) 2014-05-15 2019-09-03 Hollingsworth & Vose Company Surface modified filter media
WO2016004365A1 (en) 2014-07-03 2016-01-07 Donaldson Company, Inc. Fuel filter with water separator
US10233882B2 (en) * 2015-09-08 2019-03-19 Sogefi Engine Systems Usa, Inc. Serviceable diesel fuel filter assembly
DE102018201740A1 (en) 2018-02-05 2019-08-08 Mahle International Gmbh Liquid filter device

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US4233042A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-11-11 Incom International Inc. Air-oil separator
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1852170A1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-11-07 Delgrosso S.p.A. Gas oil filter for diesel engines
EP2602472A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-12 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Fuel filter of an internal combustion engine and filter element of a fuel filter
EP2910290A1 (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-08-26 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Liquid filter
WO2016066411A1 (en) * 2014-10-30 2016-05-06 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Coalescence element and filter element having a coalescence element

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BR0105308A (en) 2002-02-19
CZ20014577A3 (en) 2002-08-14
DE60104958T2 (en) 2005-08-11
AT273738T (en) 2004-09-15
ES2223831T3 (en) 2005-03-01
EP1194207B1 (en) 2004-08-18
AU5469301A (en) 2001-10-08
DE60104958D1 (en) 2004-09-23
BR0105308B1 (en) 2010-10-19
US20020157999A1 (en) 2002-10-31
US6716349B2 (en) 2004-04-06
SK18422001A3 (en) 2002-05-09
ITMI20000633D0 (en) 2000-03-24
IT1316849B1 (en) 2003-05-12
CZ301250B6 (en) 2009-12-23
RU2001134601A (en) 2003-10-20
EP1194207A1 (en) 2002-04-10
ITMI20000633A1 (en) 2001-09-24

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