WO2001071149A2 - Drill bit stabilizer and method of use - Google Patents

Drill bit stabilizer and method of use Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2001071149A2
WO2001071149A2 PCT/US2001/008703 US0108703W WO0171149A2 WO 2001071149 A2 WO2001071149 A2 WO 2001071149A2 US 0108703 W US0108703 W US 0108703W WO 0171149 A2 WO0171149 A2 WO 0171149A2
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WO
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
stabilizer
blade
body
stabilizer blade
relative
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2001/008703
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2001071149A3 (en )
Inventor
Peter R. Harvey
Michael J. Woods
Steven J. Krase
Original Assignee
Rotary Drilling Technology, Llc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B17/00Drilling rods or pipes; Flexible drill strings; Kellies; Drill collars; Sucker rods ; Cables; Casings; Tubings
    • E21B17/10Wear protectors; Centralising devices, e.g. stabilisers
    • E21B17/1014Flexible or expansible centering means, e.g. with pistons pressing against the wall of the well
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B17/00Drilling rods or pipes; Flexible drill strings; Kellies; Drill collars; Sucker rods ; Cables; Casings; Tubings
    • E21B17/10Wear protectors; Centralising devices, e.g. stabilisers
    • E21B17/1057Centralising devices with rollers or with a relatively rotating sleeve
    • E21B17/1064Pipes or rods with a relatively rotating sleeve
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B23/00Apparatus for displacing, setting, locking, releasing, or removing tools, packers or the like in the boreholes or wells
    • E21B23/04Apparatus for displacing, setting, locking, releasing, or removing tools, packers or the like in the boreholes or wells operated by fluid means, e.g. actuated by explosion
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/01Devices for supporting measuring instruments on a drill pipe, rod or wireline ; Protecting measuring instruments in boreholes against heat, shock, pressure or the like

Abstract

A stabilizer (10) for a drill string (13) and drill bit (17) is mounted behind the drill bit in the drilling assembly. The stabilizer (10) comprises a tubular body (12) having one or more stabilizer blades (18) mounted thereon. The stabilizer blades (18) extend radially outwardly from the stabilizer body (12). In a first position, the stabilizer blades (18) are in vertical axial alignment behind the drill bit (17). Drill string pressure is utilized to release a locking mechanism (36 and 38) permitting relative rotation between the stabilizer blades (18) and the stabilizer body (12) thereby rotating the stabilizer blades (18) to a second position providing stabilization for the drill string (13) and drill bit (17).

Description

DRILL BIT STABILIZER

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

The present invention relates generally to drill bit stabilizers for drilling subterranean formations, particularly, to a stabilizer for providing full gauge stabilization for a drill bit.

When drilling a well bore, for example drilling an oil and gas well, many problems are encountered. A substantial portion of such drilling problems relate to drill bit and drill string instability which places high stress on drilling equipment, not only on drill bits but also on downhole tools and the drill string. Drill bit instability problems are particularly inherent with bi-center bit designs because of an inability to provide full gauge stabilization near the bit. Bi-center bits drill a larger hole than the pass through diameter of the casing, therefore conventional stabilizers cannot pass through the casing with the bi- center bit. For this reason, bi-center bits are typically run with no stabilization within approximately the bottom 50 feet of the borehole assembly. Bi-center drill bits, designed to simultaneously drill and under-ream a wellbore, are particularly prone to poor directional control, and often produce smaller than expected hole diameter because of the lack of stabilization. While bi-center bits have been available for more than twenty years, they have seen limited use because of the inherent problems associated with bi-center drill bits. New technologies however have led to the design of new bi-center bits which perform comparable to conventional drill bits. Bi-center bits are now in greater demand for use in various drilling applications, including directional drilling in deep water where using a steerable motor assembly is necessary. Current bi-center bit designs focus on minimizing bi-center force imbalance. While advances have been made to overcome the inherent instability of the bi- center bit, it has yet to realize its full potential as a reliable alternative to conventional undereaming.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a stabilizer for providing drill bit directional control and engagement with the borehole wall.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a bi-center drill bit stabilizer mounted behind the bi-center bit. In a first position, the stabilizer blade of the invention is positioned axially aligned with the reamer wing of the bi-center bit.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a drill bit stabilizer which may rotationally deploy a stabilizer blade from a first position to a second position opposite the first position. It is still another object of the invention to provide a stabilizer apparatus providing full gauge stabilization.

It is a further object of the invention to provide full gauge stabilization for a drilling apparatus in a borehole.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a stabilizer for a drill bit. The stabilizer is mounted behind the drill bit in the drilling assembly. The stabilizer comprises a tubular body having one or more stabilizer blades mounted thereon. The-stabilizer blades extend radially outwardly from the stabilizer body. In a first position, the stabilizer blades are in axial alignment behind the drill bit. Drill string pressure is utilized to release a locking mechanism permitting relative rotation between the stabilizer blades and the stabilizer body thereby rotating the stabilizer blades to a second position providing stabilization for the drill bit. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

So that the manner in which the above recited features, advantages and objects of the present invention are attained can be understood in detail, a more particular description of the invention briefly summarized above, may be had by reference to the embodiments thereof which are illustrated in the appended drawings.

It is noted, however, that the appended drawings illustrate only typical embodiments of this invention and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope, for the invention may admit to other equally effective embodiments.

Fig. 1 is a side view of the stabilizer of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a section view of the stabilizer of the invention depicting the stabilizer with a single stabilizer blade;

Fig. 3 is a section view of the stabilizer of the invention taken along line 3- 3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a side view of the stabilizer of the invention illustrating the stabilizer of the invention mounted behind a bi-center bit being lowered in a borehole;

Fig. 5 is a side view of the stabilizer of the invention illustrating the location of the stabilizer in a second position providing drill bit stabilization; Fig. 6 is a side view of an alternate embodiment of the stabilizer of the invention;

Fig. 7 is a section view of the stabilizer of the invention shown in Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 a is section view of the stabilizer of the invention taken along line 8-

8 of Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is a section view of the stabilizer of the invention taken along line 9-

9 of Fig. 7; and;

Fig. 10 is a side view of the stabilizer of the invention depicting the stabilizer blades in a full gauge position. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODLN4ENT Referring first to Fig. 1, the stabilizer of the invention is generally identified by the reference numeral 10. The stabilizer 10 of the invention includes a substantially tubular body 12, manufactured from steel or other hard metal material. A threaded pin 14 is provided at one end of the stabilizer body 12 for connection to a drill string 13 located in a borehole 15, as best shown in Fig. 4. The opposite end of the stabilizer body 12 is provided with a threaded coupling 16 for connection to a drill bit 17. A stabilizer blade 18 integrally formed on a cylindrical collar 20 is mounted on the stabilizer body 12. The blade 18 extends radially outward from the collar 20 which includes an axial passageway for receiving the pin end of the stabilizer body 12 therethrough. The collar 20 is positioned about the central portion and rests against the shoulder 21 of the stabilizer body 12 as best shown in Fig. 2. Referring still to Fig. 2, the circumferential shoulder 21 is formed on the external surface of the stabilizer body 12. The shoulder 21 provides a stop or support surface for engagement with the lower end of the collar 20. A sleeve 22 secured about the upper portion of the stabilizer body 12 engages the upper end of the collar 20 for retaining the collar 20 on the stabilizer body 12. The sleeve 22 is secured to the stabilizer body by a lock key 24 which extends through an opening in the side of the sleeve 22 and is received in a recess formed in the stabilizer body 12. The key 24 is fixedly secured in position by a bolt 26 or similar connector.

The collar 20 and stabilizer blade 18 are retained on the stabilizer body 12 between the shoulder 21 and the sleeve 22 which prevent relative axial movement between the stabilizer body 12 and the collar 20. Relative rotational movement, however, between the stabilizer body 12 and the collar 12 is permitted.

Referring now to Figs. 2 and 3, an axial passage 28 extends through the stabilizer body 12. An actuator piston housing 32 is located within the passage 28 as best shown in Fig. 2. The piston housing 32 is cylindrical in shape having an external diameter substantially equal to the diameter of the passage 28 below a circumferential shoulder 30 formed on the internal surface of the stabilizer body 12. The piston housing 32 is positioned within the passage 28 so that its planar end surface 33 is in facing contact with the internal circumferential shoulder 30. 0-rings 35 received in circumferential recesses formed adjacent to the upper and lower ends of the piston housing 32 form a seal between the periphery of the piston housing 32 and the internal surface of the stabilizer body 12 defined by the passage 28. A pair of passages 37 extend through the piston housing 32 permitting drilling fluid to pass therethrough.

The piston housing 32 includes a transverse passageway 34 proximate to the end surface 33 of the piston housing 32. The passageway 34 is sized to receive a piston rod 36. Load pins 38 and 40 are mounted on the ends of the piston rod 36. The pins 38 and 40 are received in recesses 39 and 41, respectively, formed in the stabilizer body 12. Shoulder screws 42 extend through the pins 38 and 40 and secure the pins 38 and 40 to the distal ends of the piston rod 36.

Referring now specifically to Fig. 3, the pin 38 is provided with a neck portion 44 which depends from the bottom surface 63 of the pin 38. A spring 46 is journalled about the neck 44 of the pin 38. The spring 46 is retained in the recess 39 between the bottom surface 63 of the pin 38 and an inwardly extending circumferential shoulder 48 which defines the bottom of the recess 39. The spring 46 exerts an outward force against the bottom of the pin 38 so that the leading edge of the pin 38 projects beyond the periphery of the piston housing 32 into a circumferentially extending recess 45 formed in the inner wall of the collar 20. One side of the pin 38 includes a planar surface 53 offset from and parallel to the cental axis of the load pin 38. In the initial or start position shown in Fig. 3, the surface 53 of the pin 38 is in facing contact with a wall 47 defining one end of the recess 45. The opposite end of the recess 45 is defined by a wall 49 diametrically opposite the wall 47. The outwardly biasing force of the spring 46 is aided by the borehole pressure which is transmitted to the piston rod 36 through a fluid conduit 55 formed in the body of the piston housing 32. The conduit 55 is in fluid communication with a passage 57 extending through the wall of the stabilizer body 12 and is open to the borehole 15. Thus, borehole pressure is transmitted to a fluid chamber 61 about a portion of the piston rod 36 via the passage 57 and conduit 55 adding redundancy to the biasing force applied to the pin 38 by the spring 46.

Referring still to Fig. 3, a brake shoe 50 is pivotally mounted on the periphery of the blade 18. The shoe 50 is secured in a recess 51 formed in the blade 18 by a pivot pin 52. Radial movement of the shoe 50 is limited by a pin 54 mounted in the blade recess 51 and extending through a slot 56 formed through the shoe 18. A spring 58 retained in bore 60 formed in the blade 18, urges the shoe 50 outwardly as shown in Fig. 3. As the stabilizer 10 rotates in the borehole 15 with the drill bit 17, the outward force applied by the spring 58 and centrifugal force developed by the rotating stabilizer 10 forces the shoe 50 radially outwardly about the pivot pin 52 into engagement with the wall of the borehole 15. Referring now to Fig. 4, the stabilizer 10 of the invention is shown used in combination with a bi-center bit 17. It will be observed that unlike most drilling tools, the center axis of the bit 17 and stabilizer 10 while being lowered or tripped in the casing or borehole 15 is not the same as the borehole axis. The stabilizer 10 is mounted behind the bit 17 so that the blade 18 is above and aligned with the reamer wing 62 of the bit 17. It will further be observed that the maximum diameter of the bi-center bit 17 is greater than the diameter of the pilot bit 64 mounted on the lower or face end of the bit 17. In this configuration, the stabilizer 10 and bit 17 offset to one side of the casing or borehole 15 when tripped in so that they fit inside the borehole 15 as shown in Fig. 4. Once drilling commences, the pilot bit 64 centralizes the drill string assembly, including the stabilizer IO and the drill bit 17, thereby causing the reamer wing 62 and the stabilizer blade 18 to rotate about the borehole axis and thus increase the diameter of the borehole 1 5 below the casing as shown in Fig. 5 .

As drilling begins, the stabilizer blade 18 is oriented in the same direction as the reamer wing 62 as shown in Fig. 4. When the drill string pressure in the passage 28 exceeds a predetermined value, a burst plate 66 covering the lower end of a second conduit 68 provided in the piston housing 32 bursts, thereby providing a fluid passage to the fluid chamber 69 formed about a portion of the piston rod 36 so that the fluid pressure in the passage 28 is applied against the piston rod 36. The drill string fluid pressure in the passage 28 is greater than the borehole pressure. Thus, the higher pressure in the chamber 69 applied against the piston rod 36 forces the piston rod 36 to move to the left in the view shown in Fig. 3. Retraction of the pin 38 into the recess 39 compresses the spring 46 and disengages the piston surface 53 from the wall 47 permitting the stabilizer body 12 to rotate relative to the stabilizer blade 18 and collar 20. Rotation of the stabilizer body 12 allows the pin 40 to moive to the position of the pin 38 shown in Fig. 3 into engaging contact with the wall 47 of the recess 45. The stabilizer body 12 and the bit 17 connected thereto rotate 180° so that the reamer wing 62 is opposite the stabilizer blade 18 as best shown in Fig. 5.

In the configuration shown in Fig. 5, the stabilizer blade 18 and the reamer wing 62 project in opposite directions in the borehole 15. When drilling is completed and circulation is stopped, fluid pressure in the chambers 61 and 69 on both sides of the piston rod 36 is equalized permitting the spring 46 to force the pin 38 outward and thereby disengage the pin 40 from the wall 47 of the recess 45. The stabilizer body 12 is then rotated to its original position locating the stabilizer blade 18 behind the reamer wing 62 so that the bit 17 may be removed from the borehole 15. Referring now to Figs. 6- 10, an alternate embodiment of the invention providing full gauge borehole stabilization is disclosed. The full gauge stabilizer is generally identified by the reference numeral 100. The stabilizer 100 is substantially similar to the stabilizer 10 described above. Therefore, the same reference numerals are used to identify like components. The stabilizer 100 provides full gauge stabilization behind the drill bit 17.

That is, the stabilizer 100 contacts the borehole wall at three point approximately 120° apart. The stabilizer 100 includes a stabilizer body 102 substantially similar to the stabilizer body 12 shown in Fig. 2, but longer in length for supporting three stabilizer blades stacked one above the other. Beginning at the lower end of the stabilizer body 102, the lowermost stabilizer blade 104 is integrally formed with the stabilizer body 102. It extends outwardly from the stabilizer body 102 in the same manner as the stabilizer blades 18 but does not include a brake shoe 50. The stabilizer blade 104 rotates with the stabilizer body 102 as will be described in greater detail hereinafter.

Referring now to Fig. 7, a pair of stabilizer blade assemblies 106 and 108 are mounted on the stabilizer body 102 in vertical alignment above the stabilizer blade

104. The blade assemblies 106 and 108 are substantially identical to the blade assembly of the embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1-5 and described herein. Thrust bearings 110 and 112 are provided to reduce binding between the stabilizer blade assemblies 106 and 108 and the stabilizer body 102. The stabilizer 100 is tripped in the borehole 15 in the same manner described above. The stabilizer blades are aligned above the reamer wing 62 of the bi- center bit 17 permitting the bi-center bit and stabilizer 100 to move to one side of the borehole 15. When the bottom of the borehole 15 is reached and the drill string is rotated, the pilot bit 64 centralizes the assembly so that the reamer wing 62 rotates about the central axis of the borehole 15. The center of the bi-center bit 17 thus becomes the center of the borehole 15 allowing the reamer wing 62 and pilot bit 64 to enlarge the borehole 15 to the desired diameter.

Referring again to Fig. 7, it will be observed that the fluid conduits 55 and 68 of the piston housings 32 of the blade assemblies 106 and 108 are vertically aligned so that fluid pressure from the borehole 15 and the lower portion of the axial passage 28 extending through the stabilizer body 102 is communicated to the piston rod 36. In the manner previously described, upon reaching a predetermined fluid pressure value in the passage 28, the burst plate 66 bursts and the drill string pressure is communicated to piston rods 36 of the stabilizer assemblies 106 and 108. The increase in fluid pressure actuates the piston assemblies forcing the pin 38 in the stabilizer assembly 106 to retract and disengage from the wall 112 of a circumferentially extending recess formed in the collar 20, thereby permitting the drill bit 17, the stabilizer body 102 , the stabilizer blade 104 and the stabilizer assembly 108 to rotate relative to the stabilizer assembly 106. Assuming that the blade 18 of the stabilizer assembly 106, in the orientation shown in Fig. 7, defines the 0° point about the borehole 15, the stabilizer assembly 108 rotates 120° about the central axis of the borehole 15. The stabilizer body 102 and blade 104 rotate 240° about the central axis of the borehole 15. The relative rotation between the components is limited by the engagement of the pins 40 against the wall 114 of a circumferential recess 116 formed in the collar 20 of the stabilizer assembly 106 and the wall 118 of a circumferential recess 120 formed in the collar 20 of the stabilizer assembly 108. The position of the stabilizer blade 104 and the blade 18 of the stabilizer assembly 108 is shown in , phantom in Fig. 9. Thus, the stabilizer blades 18 and 104 contact the borehole wall at three points about the central axis of the borehole 15 approximately 120° apart, thereby providing full gauge stabilization of the drill string behind the bit 17. While several preferred embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, other and further embodiments of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims which follow.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1 A drill bit stabilizer, comprising a) a stabilizer body having an axial passage extending therethrough, said stabilizer body including a pin connector on one end and a box connecter on the other end for connecting said stabilizer body in a drill string, b) at least one stabilizer blade mounted about said stabilizer body; c) an actuator housing mounted in said axial passage of said stabilizer body, d) piston means carried by said housing for coupling said stabilizer blade with said stabilizer body; and e) conduit means providing fluid communication between said piston means and said axial passage of said stabilizer body
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said piston means comprises a piston rod having pins mounted on the distal ends thereof, and wherein said piston rod and said pins are in a transverse bore extending through said actuator housing and said stabilizer body
3 The apparatus of claim 1 including means pivotally mounted on the periphery of said stabilizer blade for engaging the inner wall of a borehole upon rotation of said stabilizer body.
4 The apparatus of claim 3 wherein said pivotal means comprise a brake shoe mounted in a recess formed on the peripheral edge of said stabilizer blade
5 The apparatus of 4 wherein said brake shoe is pivotally secured in said recess and further including biase means providing an outward force against said brake shoe
6 The apparatus of claim 4 wherein said brake shoe includes an axial elongate slot and a post extending through said slot and secured in said recess for limiting the outward radial movement of said brake shoe
7 The apparatus of claim 1 including means for rotating said stabilizer body relative to said stabilizer blade from a first position to a second position
8 The apparatus of claim 1 including at least three stabilizer blades vertically aligned on said stabilizer body
9 The apparatus of claim 8 wherein one of said stabilizer blades is integrally formed with said stabilizer body
10 The apparatus of claim 8 wherein said stabilizer blades are rotated from a first position to a second position for providing full gauge stabilization
11 A method of drilling a bore in an earthen formation using a drill bit to which a stabilizer is coupled, said stabilizer having at least one stabilizing blade rotatably mounted on a stabilizer body, comprising the steps of a) orienting said stabilizer blade into a first circumferential orientation relative to said stabilizer body, b) then inserting said stabilizer into at least a portion of said bore while restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade, thereby maintaining said stabilizer blade in said first relative circumferential orientation, c) then reorienting said stabilizer blade into a second relative circumferential orientation; and d) drilling said bore while again restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer blade and said stabilizer body, thereby maintaining said stabilizer blade in said second relative circumferential orientation
12 The method according to claim 1 1, further comprising the step of e) releasing said rotational restraint pπoi to step (c)
13 The method according to claim 12, further comprising the steps of f) again releasing said rotational restrain after step (d), g) then reorienting said stabilizer blade back into approximately said first circumferential orientation, h) retracting said stabilizer from said boie while again restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade
14 The method according to claim 12, wheiem said stabilizer contains a pressuπzed fluid therewithm when inserted into said bore, and wherein the step of releasing said rotational restrain in step (e) compπses furthei piessuπzmg said fluid contained withm said stabilizer
15 The method according to claim 11 , whei em the step of restraining relative rotation in step (b) comprises engaging a stop coupled to said stabilizer body
16 The method according to claim 15, wherein said stabilizer is surrounded by pressurized fluid when inserted into said bore, and wherein said engagement of said stop is effected at least in part by said pressurized fluid
17 The method according to claim 11 , wherein said stabilizer is coupled to a drill bit having a reaming wmg, and wherein said stabilizer blade is circumferentially aligned with said reaming wmg when said stabilizer blade is in said first relative circumferential orientation
18 The method according to claim 17, wherein said stabilizer blade is circumferentially oriented approximately 180° from said reaming wmg when said stabilizer blade is in said second relative circumferential oπentation
19 The method according to claim 11, wherem the step of reonentmg said stabilizer blade in step (c) furthei comprises rotating said stabilizei body withm said bore while braking lotation of said stabilizer blade
20 The method according to claim 19, wherein the step of braking rotation of said stabilizei blade comprises extending a brake shoe coupled to said stabilizei blade so that said brake shoe engages a wall of said bore
21 The method according to claim 11 , wherein said stabilizer also has at least a second stabilizer blade rotatably mounted on said stabilizei body, and further comprising the steps of e) orienting said second stabilizer blade into said first circumferential orientation relative to said stabilizei body pπor to step (b), f) restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade, thereby maintaining said second stabilizer blade m said first relative circumferential orientation , while performing step (b), g) reonentmg said second stabilizer blade relative to said stabilizer body into a third circumferential oπentation after performing step (f) and prior to performing step (d), and h) again restraining relative rotation between said second stabilizer blade and said stabilizer body while performing step (d), thereby maintaining said second stabilizer blade in said thud relative circumferential orientation during said drilling
22 The method according to claim 21 , wherem said second and third relative circumferential oπentations are approximately 120° apart
23 The method according to claim 21 , whei em said second and third relative circumferential orientations are each approximately equally spaced circumferentially from said first circumferential oπentation
24. The method according to claim 21 , wherein said stabilizer further comprises a third stabilizer blade fixedly connected to said stabilizer body in said first relative circumferential orientation.
25. The method according to claim 11 , wherein restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade in step (b) comprises preventing rotation of said stabilizer blade around said stabilizer body in at least a first circumferential direction.
26. An stabilizer adapted to be coupled to a drill bit and inserted into a bore, comprising: a) a stabilizer body on which at least one stabilizer blade is rotatably mounted so as to permit relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade that allows said stabilizer blade to be oriented into at least first and second circumferential orientations relative to said stabilizer body; and b) means for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade (i) after said stabilizer blade has been oriented in said first relative circumferential orientation, so as to maintain said stabilizer blade in said first relative circumferential orientation during insertion of said stabilizer into said bore, and (ii) after said stabilizer blade has been oriented in said second relative circumferential orientation so as to maintain said stabilizer blade in said second relative circumferential orientation during drilling.
27. The stabilizer according to claim 26, wherein said means for restraining relative rotation after said stabilizer blade has been oriented into said first relative circumferential orientation comprises means for preventing rotation of said stabilizer blade around said stabilizer body in at least a first circumferential direction.
28. The stabilizer according to claim 27, wherein said means preventing rotation of said stabilizer blade around said stabilizer body in at least said first circumferential direction comprises a first piston.
29. The stabilizer according to claim 28, wherein said means for restraining relative rotation after said stabilizer blade has been oriented into said second relative circumferential orientation comprises a second piston.
30. The stabilizer according to claim 26, further comprising means for braking rotation of said stabilizer blade within said bore.
31. The stabilizer according to claim 30, wherein said braking means comprises an engageable brake shoe mounted on said stabilizer blade so as to contact a wall of said bore when engaged.
32. The stabilizer according to claim 26, wherein said stabilizer blade is a first stabilizer blade, and further comprising: c) a second stabilizer blade rotatably mounted on said stabilizer body so as to permit relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade that allows said second stabilizer blade to be oriented into at least said first relative circumferential orientation and a third circumferential orientation relative to said stabilizer body; and d) means for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade (i) after said second stabilizer blade has been oriented into said first relative circumferential orientation, so as to maintain said second stabilizer blade in said first relative circumferential orientation during insertion of said stabilizer into said bore, and (ii) after said second stabilizer blade has been oriented into said third relative circumferential orientation so as to maintain said second stabilizer blade in said third relative circumferential orientation during drilling.
33. An stabilizer adapted to be coupled to a drill bit and inserted into a bore, comprising: a) a stabilizer body on which at least one stabilizer blade is rotatably mounted so as to permit relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade that allows said stabilizer blade to be oriented into at least first and second circumferential orientations relative to said stabilizer body; b) a first stop for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade after said stabilizer blade has been oriented into said first relative circumferential orientation, thereby maintaining said stabilizer blade in said first relative circumferential orientation during insertion of said stabilizer into said bore; and c) a second stop for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said stabilizer blade after said stabilizer blade has been oriented into said second relative circumferential orientation, thereby maintaining said stabilizer blade in said second relative circumferential orientation during drilling.
34. The stabilizer according to claim 33, wherein said first and second stops comprise first and second pistons, respectively.
35. The stabilizer according to claim 34, wherem said first and second pistons are capable of engaging first and second shoulders, respectively, formed on said stabilizer blade.
36. The stabilizer according to claim 33, further comprising an engageable brake shoe mounted on said stabilizer blade so as to contact a wall of said bore when engaged.
37. The stabilizer according to claim 33, wherein said stabilizer blade is a first stabilizer blade, and further comprising: d) a second stabilizer blade rotatably mounted on said stabilizer body so as to permit relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade that allows said second stabilizer blade to be oriented into at least said first relative circumferential orientation and a third circumferential orientation relative to said stabilizer body; and e) a third stop for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade after said second stabilizer blade has been oriented into said first relative circumferential orientation, thereby maintaining said second stabilizer blade in said first relative circumferential orientation during insertion of said stabilizer into said bore; and f) a fourth stop for restraining relative rotation between said stabilizer body and said second stabilizer blade after said second stabilizer blade has been oriented into said third relative circumferential orientation, thereby maintaining said second stabilizer blade in said third relative circumferential orientation during drilling.
38. An stabilizer adapted to be coupled to a drill bit and inserted into a bore, comprising: a) a stabilizer body on which at least one stabilizer blade is mounted; and b) an engageable brake shoe mounted on said stabilizer blade so as to contact a wall of said bore when engaged.
39. The stabilizer according to claim 38, wherein said brake shoe is pivotally mounted on said stabilizer blade.
40. The stabilizer according to claim 38, further comprising means for urging said brake shoe radially outward into contact with said wall of said bore.
PCT/US2001/008703 2000-03-22 2001-03-19 Drill bit stabilizer and method of use WO2001071149A3 (en)

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US53272500 true 2000-03-22 2000-03-22
US09/532,725 2000-03-22

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GB0222519A GB2378201B (en) 2000-03-22 2001-03-19 Drill bit stabilizer
CA 2403727 CA2403727A1 (en) 2000-03-22 2001-03-19 Drill bit stabilizer and method of use
DE2001195959 DE10195959T1 (en) 2000-03-22 2001-03-19 Bohrspitzenstabilisator

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WO2001071149A2 true true WO2001071149A2 (en) 2001-09-27
WO2001071149A3 true WO2001071149A3 (en) 2002-03-14

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US (1) US20030111270A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2403727A1 (en)
DE (1) DE10195959T1 (en)
GB (1) GB2378201B (en)
WO (1) WO2001071149A3 (en)

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US6896050B2 (en) 2003-05-15 2005-05-24 Ps Technology, Inc. Latching system for maintaining position of component within a downhole drill string section

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WO2013082376A1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-06-06 Schlumberger Canada Limited Pressure actuated centralizer

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CA2403727A1 (en) 2001-09-27 application
WO2001071149A3 (en) 2002-03-14 application
GB2378201A (en) 2003-02-05 application
GB0222519D0 (en) 2002-11-06 grant
DE10195959T1 (en) 2003-10-30 grant
DE10195959T0 (en) grant
US20030111270A1 (en) 2003-06-19 application
GB2378201B (en) 2004-08-04 grant

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