Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Business-to-business electronic commerce clearinghouse

Info

Publication number
WO2001055887A1
WO2001055887A1 PCT/US2001/002339 US0102339W WO2001055887A1 WO 2001055887 A1 WO2001055887 A1 WO 2001055887A1 US 0102339 W US0102339 W US 0102339W WO 2001055887 A1 WO2001055887 A1 WO 2001055887A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
clearinghouse
members
member
trading
component
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2001/002339
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Michael F. Giesler
Mason A. Moore
Richard J. Chvala
Original Assignee
Chemconnect, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/08Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping; Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement or balancing against orders
    • G06Q10/083Shipping
    • G06Q10/0833Tracking
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/08Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping; Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement or balancing against orders
    • G06Q10/087Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement, balancing against orders
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/02Payment architectures, schemes or protocols involving a neutral party, e.g. certification authority, notary or trusted third party [TTP]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/02Payment architectures, schemes or protocols involving a neutral party, e.g. certification authority, notary or trusted third party [TTP]
    • G06Q20/023Payment architectures, schemes or protocols involving a neutral party, e.g. certification authority, notary or trusted third party [TTP] characterized in that the neutral party is a clearing house
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/04Payment circuits
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/08Payment architectures
    • G06Q20/10Payment architectures specially adapted for electronic funds transfer [EFT] systems; specially adapted for home banking systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0601Electronic shopping
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0601Electronic shopping
    • G06Q30/0613Third-party assisted
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0601Electronic shopping
    • G06Q30/0633Lists, e.g. purchase orders, compilation or processing
    • G06Q30/0635Processing of requisition or of purchase orders
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q40/00Finance; Insurance; Tax strategies; Processing of corporate or income taxes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q40/00Finance; Insurance; Tax strategies; Processing of corporate or income taxes
    • G06Q40/04Exchange, e.g. stocks, commodities, derivatives or currency exchange
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/80Management or planning
    • Y02P90/84Greenhouse gas [GHG] management systems
    • Y02P90/845Inventory and reporting systems for greenhouse gases [GHG]

Abstract

A business-to-business transaction clearinghouse integrates the traditional point to point business supply chain at the clearinghouse. The clearinghouse provides cost effective access to a wide variety of members (301) and includes value-added services.

Description

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ELECTRONIC COMMERCE CLEARINGHOUSE

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to electronic commerce, and more specifically, to business-to-business electronic commerce.

2. Description of Related Art

In the business world, transaction costs associated with the buying and selling of products and raw materials can be significant. A single sale often requires a number of communications between the purchasing and selling entities, each requiring employee time to process, record, and approve the communications.

As an example of a typical business transaction, consider the situation in which a first company wishes to purchase a quantity of chemicals from a chemical supplier. A typical supply chain process for this type of transaction is illustrated in Fig. 1. The supply chain includes a number of component transactions between the purchasing company 101 and its supplier 102. These component transactions and an example of the documents associated with them are listed in box 103. Supporting third party services 105, such as banking and shipping services, are also involved in the transaction.

The purchasing company 101 may begin by making inquiries of its current suppliers to determine which one can supply the chemicals at the best price. This step often entails a lengthy request for proposal (RFP) process and many purchaser- supplier visits. The supplier and the purchaser agree on the specifications of the desired chemical and on the handling of any regulatory requirements. A purchase order is then issued by the purchasing company to officially place the order. Th purchase order is processed and acknowledged by the supplier.

Actually shipping the chemical may involve a significant logistical effort. For example, a third party shipping company is selected, and in connection with shipping the chemicals, a shipping note and a bill of lading are generated and given to the shipping company. Additional documents such as a certificate of analysis, which verifies that the purchased chemicals are the ones ordered, and a material safety data sheet, which includes handling and safety information for the chemical, may also be generated by the supplier and transmitted to the purchaser.

Arrival of the chemicals at the purchaser triggers the creation of additional documents, such as a delivery receipt, an invoice, and eventually, payment by the purchasing company to the supplier for the delivered chemicals. The conventional supply chain process can thus be cumbersome, labor intensive, and relatively expensive.

A network of purchasers and suppliers such as those illustrated above can be conceptualized as a point-to-point network of trading entities. Such a network is illustrated graphically in Fig. 2. Each trading entity 201 communicates directly with other entities in the network via communication lines 202. Communication lines 202 represent, for example, communication by phone, facsimile, mail, or EDI messages (described below).

In an effort to automate records relating to purchasing and selling, many companies use enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. ERP refers to a broad set of activities supported by multi-module application software that help a business manage the important parts of its operations, including product planning, parts purchasing, maintaining inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer service, and tracking orders. An ERP system can also include application modules for the finance and human resources aspects of a business.

Although an ERP may help to automate a company internally, ERP systems of various companies are often not compatible with one another. Accordingly, documents that are to be exchanged with outside companies are often printed as hard copies, transmitted to the other company over communication lines 202 in the form of, for example, a facsimile, and manually entered in the other companies ERP system. Thus, although purchasers and suppliers may be automated internally, their systems are usually isolated from an ability to communicate with each other. Thus, despite automation at both companies, a "manual gulf over communication lines 202 still exists between companies. Companies traverse the gulf between systems by manual processes such as mail, email, fax, meetings, and phone calls.

One attempt to take advantage of computerized ERP systems and to eliminate the manual gulf between companies is the electronic data interchange (EDI) protocol, which is a standard format for exchanging business commerce data. In an EDI exchange, automated systems, such as ERP systems at two of entities 201, exchange EDI messages over communication lines 202. An EDI message contains a string of data elements, each of which represents a singular fact, such as a price, product model number, and so forth, separated by delimiters. The entire string is called a data segment. One or more data segments framed by a header and trailer form a transaction set, which is the EDI unit of transmission (equivalent to a message). A transaction set often consists of what would usually be contained in a typical business document or form, such as a purchase order. The EDI standard is available from the Data Interchange Standards Association, of Virginia. EDI, however, has not been widely adopted. It has proven to be relatively expensive to install and maintain, particularly for small companies. Further, as illustrated in Fig. 2, EDI only provides point-to-point automation and does nothing for integrating suppliers and customers in a business community. As a result, EDI is presently only used by a small fraction of the companies involved in business to business commerce.

Thus, there is a need in the art to automate the supply chain of businesses in a way that is both efficient and widely available to a large number of member companies.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Systems and methods consistent with the principles of the present invention address the needs identified above by integrating the traditional point-to-point business supply chain at a clearinghouse.

More particularly, one aspect of the present invention is directed to a system for facilitating business-to-business transactions. The system comprises a network coupled to a plurality of member businesses and a clearinghouse computer server. The clearinghouse is associated with the members and coupled to the members through the network. The clearinghouse receives and forwards electronic messages transmitted between at least two of the plurality of members, the messages corresponding to communications in a business-to-business transaction that relate to initiation of the transaction, and at least one of order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.

A second aspect of the present invention is directed to a computer network comprising a plurality of trading members, at least one banking member, at least one shipping member, and a clearinghouse. The clearinghouse is coupled to the trading members, the banking member, and the shipping member. Communications between the trading members, banking members, and shipping members is routed through the clearinghouse, and the clearinghouse includes software components for managing the services provided by the banking and shipping members to the trading members.

Another aspect of the present invention is a method that includes generating messages relating to business-to-business commerce transactions at an enterprise resource planning computer system, including generating messages relating to the management of supply chain activities of a company, the messages corresponding to communications in a business-to-business transaction. The method further includes converting the messages generated by the enterprise resource planning computer system into extensible markup language (XML) messages and transmitting the converted messages over the Internet to a clearinghouse that processes the converted messages and provides services related to order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate several embodiments consistent with this invention and, together with the description, help explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings,

Fig. 1 is a diagram of a typical supply chain process in a business-to-business transaction; Fig. 2 is a graphical illustration of a conventional point-to-point network of purchasers and suppliers;

Fig. 3A is a high level diagram illustrating a network of trading members connected to a clearinghouse in a manner consistent with the present invention;

Fig. 3B is a diagram conceptually illustrating the functional relationship of the trading members and the clearinghouse;

Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating a hardware implementation for the clearinghouse;

Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating the interaction of the clearinghouse with various exemplary trading members of the network;

Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating exemplary services performed by the clearinghouse shown in Figs. 3 - 5;

Fig. 7 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary business-to-business transaction between members in the clearinghouse network; and

Fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating a network of a plurality industry specific clearinghouses.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following detailed description refers to the accompanying drawings that illustrate the embodiments of the present invention. Other embodiments are possible and modifications may be made to the embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the following detailed description is not meant to limit the invention. Rather the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims. As described herein, a business-to-business transaction clearinghouse integrates the traditional point-to-point business supply chain at the clearinghouse. The clearinghouse provides cost effective access to a wide variety of member computer systems and includes value-added services. The clearinghouse facilitates business among trading partners by providing a single point of contact for all transactions. Any member of the clearinghouse can conduct business with any other member by sending the transaction through the clearinghouse.

Clearinghouse Architecture and Implementation

Fig. 3A is a high level diagram illustrating a network of trading members connected to a clearinghouse in a manner consistent with the present invention. Trading members 301 may be any company or other entity wishing to trade using clearinghouse 302. Clearinghouse 302 is connected to each of members 301 via network 305, such as the Internet. The interaction of members 301 with each other and with clearinghouse 302 is described in more detail below.

Fig. 3B is a diagram conceptually illustrating the functional relationship of clearinghouse 302 with trading members 301. As shown, clearinghouse 302 functions as an intermediary for communications between trading members 301. In contrast to the point-to-point network shown in Fig. 2, each of trading members 301 only has to be configured to communicate with a single entity-clearinghouse 302.

Fig.4 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary hardware implementation for clearinghouse 302. Clearinghouse 302 may generally be implemented as a server computer system including one or more processors 410 operatively coupled to computer memories 411. Processors 410 executes program instructions stored in computer memories 411. Information destined for external systems connected to network 305 (such as trading members 301), may be transmitted to network 305 by network router 412.

Processors 410 may either accept program instructions from a computer storage device (e.g., optical or magnetic disk) or from network 305. BIOS code (i.e., computer instructions) causing the system to implement the disclosed techniques may be programmed into a non-volatile portion of computer memory 411. The BIOS may be programmed when the system is manufactured or may be later delivered via a computer readable medium.

Processors 410 can be any of a number of well known computer processors, such as processors from Intel Corporation, of Santa Clara, California. More generally, clearinghouse 302 may be implemented using any of well known computing platforms designed to interact with devices on the network.

Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating the interaction of clearinghouse 302 with various exemplary trading members 501, 502, and 503. Assume trading member 501 is a corporation with a previously installed ERP system that includes the ability to use EDI. Trading member 502 is a smaller supplier and does not have an ERP system or EDI capability. Trading member 503 is a third party service provider such as a bank or a shipping company; assume they use an ERP system but do not have EDI capability.

To facilitate cost effective and universal communication with clearinghouse 302, clearinghouse 302 preferably communicates with each of trading members 501- 503 using a common standard such as the XML standard. XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a well known descriptive language that allows for the transmission of information, over intranets or the Internet, that includes both formatting information and information describing the data. In comparison to EDI, XML is generally considered to be easier to learn and program and requires the user to invest less in computer hardware.

Because trading member 501 may already have invested significantly in an ERP system and in EDI processing, clearinghouse 302 interacts with member 501 without requiring member 501 to revamp its existing computing infrastructure. Instead, translation server 510 is connected to ERP/EDI computer system(s) 511 of member 501. Translation server 510 translates EDI or member proprietary messages received from computer system 511 into XML and forwards the XML data to clearinghouse 302. Similarly, translation server 510 converts XML data received from clearinghouse 502 to a form understandable by computer 511. Translation server 510 is customized to operate with ERP/EDI computer system(s) 511. In this manner, by using translation servers 510 to convert supply chain information from a member specific format to a format understood by clearinghouse 302, multiple trading members with disparate computer systems can all communicate with one another simply by installing a single translation server.

Computer systems that convert EDI messages to XML data are known in the art. One such system is available from XMLSolutions Corporation, of McLean, VA.

Alternatively, the trading member's internal computer system 511 may be originally designed to operate using the message format of clearinghouse 302. In this situation, translation server 510 would not be necessary. Additionally, as one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize, although translation server 510 is illustrated as a stand alone computer server, it could equivalents be implemented as software in the member's computer system 511.

In contrast to trading member 501 , trading member 502 does not have an automated transaction processing system. However, trading member 502 may still communicate with clearinghouse 302 using a web browser 515. As previously mentioned, information transmitted in XML can include both formatting information and descriptive information describing the data. The formatting information allows web browser 515 to display the contents of the XML document. XML documents may be interactive, allowing trading member 502 to input and transmit information to clearinghouse 302.

Member 503 connects to clearinghouse 302 in a manner similar to trading member 501. A translation server 520 converts information from the members ERP system 521 and interfaces ERP 521 with clearinghouse 302. Web browser 522 may concurrently be used by member 502 to interact with clearinghouse 302. In particular, translation server 520 may forward information relating to functionality not implemented in ERP 521 to web browser 522.

Clearinghouse Services

Clearinghouse 302 provides a number of electronic commerce services to its members. These services are implemented by software running at clearinghouse 302. Fig. 6 is a diagram graphically illustrating examples of some of the services that clearinghouse 302 may implement. The illustrated services include:

A. Order Processing (component 601)

B. Supplier Managed Inventory (SMI) Services (component 602)

C. Shipment Tracking (component 603)

D. Banking/Billing (component 604)

E. Business Intelligence (component 605)

F. Product Catalogs (component 606)

G. Logistics Procurement (component 607) H. Regulatory Reporting (component 608) I. Product Auctions (component 609)

J. Industry News (component 610)

Trading members may select a combination of these services to provide an optimized solution for their particular situation. For example, one member may initially decide to use only the shipment tracking functions while another member uses order processing, shipment tracking, and business intelligence.

The services provided by the clearinghouse 302 may be integrated so that the more services a member uses, the greater the value. For example, if a member uses both order processing and shipment tracking, the member may be able to link directly from the order to shipment tracking information.

Each of the services shown in Fig. 6 will now be discussed in more detail.

A. Order Processing component 601

Order processing component 601 automates the processing of documents traditionally associated with commercial purchases by storing and forwarding electronic versions of these documents to the network members. A non-exhaustive list of the documents processed by order processing component 601 include: (1) order inquiries, (2) purchase orders, (3) blanket purchase orders, (4) scheduling agreements, (5) order acknowledgements, (5) shipping notices, (6) bills of lading, (7) delivery receipts, (8) invoices, and (9) invoice payments. Other industry specific documents may also be processed by the order processing component 601. For example, in the chemical industry, documents such as certificates of analysis and material safety data sheets may also be transmitted between the parties through clearinghouse 302.

An exemplary transaction will now be described with reference to Fig. 7. As shown, trading members 701 and 702, each having internal ERPs 705 and 706, and translation servers 707 and 708, are connected to clearinghouse 302. Member 702, in addition to ERP system 706, uses an EDI system 709. Members 701 and 702 may also have other specialized hardware or software, such as MSDS computer 715, on which material safety data sheets are stored, or laboratory information management system (LIMS) 716, at which laboratory related research or analysis software executes. Companies that provide third party support, such as a bank 703 and a shipping and logistics company 704, are also members in the network.

Assume that trading member 701 (the customer), wishes to purchase 100 gallons of a chemical from member 702 (the supplier). Trading member 701 enters the information for a purchase order for the chemicals into ERP 705, which generates the purchase order and transmits it to translation server 707 (Step 1). The clearinghouse 302 receives the order, reads the supplier information and sends the order to member 702. At member 702, the purchase order is translated into an EDI message by translation server 708 and then forwarded to the supplier's EDI system 709 and ERP 706.

Member 702, upon accepting the order, sends an order acknowledgement message (ORAK) back through the clearinghouse to member 701 (Step 2). If a material safety data sheet (MSDS) is required for the order, it may also be similarly sent through clearinghouse 302 (Step 3). If ERP 705 is not configured to handle MSDSs, it may be stored at an alternate computer 715 or viewed via web browser 716.

On the shipping date, member 702 sends a shipping notice to member 701 through clearinghouse 302 (Step 4). The shipping notice may be automatically generated by ERP 706 when it receives input indicating shipment of the order. With the shipping notice, documents such as the certificate of analysis, (Step 5), and the invoice, (Step 6), may also be sent.

B. Supplier Managed Inventory (SMI) Services (component 602) In general, SMI services refer to a suppliers monitoring of the inventory of its customer, and automatically shipping products to the customer as the inventory is depleted. Clearinghouse 302 facilitates these functions by providing customers tne ability to automatically transmit the necessary inventory information from its ERP system to the clearinghouse and/or the supplier. Trading members who previously had an in-house SMI system can fully automate the transfer of SMI related data to their suppliers.

As an example of an SMI system, assume that trading member 702 (the supplier) provides SMI services to trading member 701 (the customer). Members 701 and/or 702 may begin by setting up an account for member 701 at the clearinghouse 302 by providing the SMI component 602 with the initial account information, such as the products being managed, the locations of the products, the minimum order quantity, and the product reorder criteria (e.g., the inventory depletion level at which to reorder product). Member 701 periodically updates SMI component 602 with SMI related data such as inventory information and inventory forecasts. When the updated information provided by member 701 meets the reorder criteria set in SMI component 602 (e.g., the actual inventory level is below the reorder point), SMI component 602 transmits a purchase order to member 702. Member 702 may then fill the order.

By locating the SMI functionality at the clearinghouse 302, the customer's inventory information does not need to be transmitted to the supplier. Accordingly, because clearinghouse 302 is a trusted third party, customers may feel more secure that their confidential inventory related information is not compromised.

As an alternative implementation of SMI component 602, instead of notifying the supplier when it is time to resupply product, SMI component 602 may simply pass the inventory data to the supplier. In this implementation, the supplier decides, based on the received invoice information, when to resupply the product.

C. Shipment Tracking (component 603)

Multiple shipping and logistics companies may provide shipping services to members of clearinghouse 302. Shipment tracking component 603 communicates with these companies to allow members to track the shipment of their products. Shipment information can be provided by shipment tracking component 603 to the members by, for example, requiring the shipping companies, such as shipping member 704, to periodically update shipment information stored in component 603. If a shipment is falling behind schedule, shipment tracking component 603 may automatically send a message informing the appropriate trading member of the tardiness of the shipment.

Alternatively, shipment tracking component 603 may wait for shipment tracking requests from a trading member, such as member 701 , before requesting the shipment tracking information from shipping member 704.

Trading members using the order processing component 601 of clearinghouse 302 may preferably check the shipment status from any order-related document. If they do not use the order processing component, they may be assigned a shipment tracking number used to query shipment tracking component 603.

D. Banking/Billing (component 604)

In addition to the trading members and the shipping and logistics companies, companies in banking related businesses may join the clearinghouse network and provide members integrated banking related services. For example, invoices sent by one member may be automatically copied by banking component 604 to the banking member used by the receiver of the invoice. This is illustrated graphically in Fig. 7, in which the invoice from member 702 (step 5), is transmitted through clearinghouse 302 to both trading member 701 and banking member 703. At trading member's 701 instruction, banking member 703 may electronically pay trading member 702 (Step

7).

A number of value added services may be offered by the member banks. A non-exhaustive list of such services include:

(1) Summary invoicing. Banking member 703 may prepare summary invoices, such as a monthly summary invoice, for its members.

(2) Consolidation of transactions. A member's transactions over a period may be consolidated. The member would then receive one payment (or debit) representing the net of its sales and its purchases in the network.

(3) Purchase of receivables. Banking members may buy account receivables from members that do not wish to carry their receivables. Multiple banking members may bid for the account receivables of the trading member. Because information related to the invoice and payment record of vendors is processed by clearinghouse 302, banking members bidding for account receivables can form intelligent estimates of the value of the receivables. For example, if a banking member knows that all the vendors in a particular member's account receivables have a good credit history, the bank may be willing to bid close to the nominal face value of the receivables. (4) Automated Payments. All payments made by banking members from one member of the network to another member may be made on the specific day specified by the member.

(5) Credit Checks on Customers.

In summary, integrating banks, such as banking member 703, into clearinghouse 302, provides trading members the ability to electronically pay and receive payment notifications through their existing computer systems. Moreover, the banking members can use the integration provided by the clearinghouse to provide value added services to the trading members.

E. Business Intelligence (component 605)

By virtue of its position as a hub of the electronic commerce activities of its members, clearinghouse 302 contains a significant amount of information that may be useful to its members. For example, the average selling price of a certain chemical may be a valuable piece of information to members that buy and sell that chemical.

Business intelligence component 605 mines aggregate data relating to electronic commerce through the clearinghouse. Such data may include price information, service guidelines, information on new markets, and industry information (e.g., total sales of product groups by region). Additionally, access to industry information such as pricing models, price-volume elasticity curves, and regional use information may also be provided by business intelligence component 605. In general, any information or aggregation of information passing through clearinghouse 302 may be mined by business intelligence component 605 and provided to the network members. One restricting factor on the information provided to the members is the practical limitation of not divulging confidential or proprietary information.

Two areas in which intelligently mined aggregated data may be particularly useful to members of clearinghouse 302 include supply chain sourcing scorecards and company specific business/market data.

Supply chain scorecards relate to member feedback regarding the performance of the members. Scorecard information provided by business intelligence component 605 may include information such as: (1) integrated supply chain data, (2) order product/service quality metrics, (3) order to arrival on-time reporting (i.e., member feedback relating to whether orders from the member tend to arrive on time), and (4) customer-supplier non-conformance process and systems (i.e., member feedback relating to whether members conform to the agreed terms of their transactions).

Further, business intelligence component 605 may provide members access to their own transactions. The members may use such information by periodically importing it into an in-house business intelligence system. Members without such an in-house system may view the information from business intelligence component 605 through a web browser.

F. Product Catalog (component 606)

Product catalog component 606 implements a searchable catalog of products being sold by the trading members. In particular, product catalog component 606 stores product information uploaded by the trading members. Information in product catalog 606 may then be searched by other members of the network. Catalog searches through catalog component 606 may be viewed by the trading members through an interface such as a web browser or, after translation by a translation server, at the members ERP system or other member computer system.

G. Logistics Procurement (component 607)

Logistics procurement component 607 assists members in finding the best shipping company and shipping method for any particular transaction. Shipping members 704 may update procurement component 607 with their rates and with the availability of their shipping lines. The trading members can then use procurement component 607 to compare shipping costs and delivery schedules of competing shippers to find the best match for each shipment. Shipping members 704 benefit from procurement component 607 by having a large and easily accessible market for their services.

As an alternative to the shipping members 704 pre-entering their shipping rates into procurement component 607, the shipping members may view shipment requests input by trading members and in response submit shipment proposals to the trading members.

H. Regulatory Reporting (component 608)

Certain industries, such as the chemical industry, are highly regulated by federal and state agencies. Laws, such as the Clean Air Act or the Toxic Substance Control Act, or regulations promulgated by agencies acting pursuant to a law, may require complying companies to file periodic (e.g., daily, weekly, or monthly) or event specific reports with the agencies. For example, the EPA or other agencies may require reports relating to the volume of certain chemicals sold, bio-accumulation, exposure indexes, community right to known issues, emission credit reporting, and product registration.

Regulatory reporting component 608 enables clearinghouse members to efficiently and reliably handle their regulatory reporting obligations. In particular, a member wishing to use regulatory reporting component 608 may set up an account in regulatory component 608 including information such as when the report should be sent and the information required in the report. To help facilitate this process, regulatory reporting component 608 may include a variety of pre-stored templates, each including the basic information necessary for a particular regulatory report.

After setting up an account, the member simply transmits the information required in the report to clearinghouse 302, either automatically from the ERP or manually from a web browser. At clearinghouse 302, regulatory reporting component 608 saves the information, and when appropriate, generates the regulatory report. Clearinghouse 302 may then transmit the report to the appropriate regulatory agency.

I. Product Auctions (component 609)

As previously described, clearinghouse 302 helps to initiate transactions between trading members by providing a universal infrastructure through which buyers can communicate with their suppliers. Product catalog component 606 further facilitates the initiation of transactions by providing an electronic catalog of products. Product auction component 609 gives buyers and sellers another option to initiate transactions. Through auction component 609, sellers may put products up for auction. In particular, auction component 609 allows sellers to input information relating to the product they wish to sell, and allows buyers to input bids on these products. One of the benefits of auction component 609 is that it gives sellers the opportunity to quickly sell excess capacity, thus helping them to optimize their capacity schedules.

J. Industry News (component 610)

In addition to facilitating efficient transactions between members, clearinghouse 302 may function as an industry specific portal through which members may receive or generate industry related news and information. For example, content stored by industry news component 610 may be transmitted to members at their request and viewed at a web browser.

As described above, clearinghouse 302 integrates a variety of members, possibly each using disparate computer systems, into a single business community. The clearinghouse assists in the matching of buyers and sellers, order fulfillment, and payment processing. Clearinghouse 302 functions to automate the cumbersome supply chain traditionally followed by businesses and provides value added services to its members.

One implementation of clearinghouse 302 is a clearinghouse specific to the chemical industry. In this situation, functions unique to the chemical industry such as transmitting certificates of analysis and material safety data sheets (MSDS), are provided by the clearinghouse. A more general clearinghouse, a clearinghouse specific to other industries, or a network of industry specific clearinghouses, may also be implemented. Fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating a netwoi of industry specific clearinghouses 801 (chemical industry), 802 (auto industry), 803 (aerospace industry), and 804 (other industry), and their respective trading members 811-814. Clearinghouses 801-804 are linked to one other to allow members of one clearinghouse to participate in transactions with members of another clearinghouse. For example, members 812 of auto industry clearinghouse 802 may at times wish to purchase products from chemical companies. Accordingly, by linking clearinghouse 801 and 802, one of members 812 may purchase chemicals from one of members 811. Procedures specific to the chemical industry, such as the transmission of a material safety data sheet, would be handled by chemical clearinghouse 801.

It will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art that the embodiments as described above may be implemented in many different embodiments of software, firmware, and hardware in the entities illustrated in the figures. The actual software code or specialized control hardware used to implement the present invention is not limiting of the present invention. Thus, the operation and behavior of the embodiments were described without specific reference to the specific software code or specialized hardware components, it being understood that a person of ordinary skill in the art would be able to design software and control hardware to implement the embodiments based on the description herein.

The foregoing description of preferred embodiments of the present invention provides illustration and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Modifications and variations are possible consistent with the above teachings or may be acquired from practice of the invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED:
1. A system for facilitating business-to-business transactions comprising: a network coupled to a plurality of member businesses; and a clearinghouse computer server associated with the members and coupled to the members through the network, the clearinghouse receiving and forwarding electronic messages transmitted between at least two of the plurality of members, the messages corresponding to communications in a business-to-business transaction that relate to initiation of the transaction, and at least one of order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.
2. The system of claim 1 , wherein the messages corresponding to communications in the business-to-business transaction relate to both order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.
3. The system of claim 1 , wherein the messages include at least one of a purchase order, a purchase order acknowledgement, and an invoice.
4. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein the clearinghouse computer server includes a supplier managed inventory component that monitors an inventory of a first one of the members and in response to the inventory reaching a preset level, generating and transmitting a purchase order to a second one of the members that was pre-designated as a supplier for the first member.
5. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein at least one of the plurality of members is a shipping company and the clearinghouse computer server includes a shipment tracking component that receives shipment tracking information from the shipping company and that provides the shipment tracking information to the members.
6. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein the clearinghouse computer server includes a business intelligence component that aggregates data passing through the clearinghouse computer server and that mines the aggregated data for information requested by the members.
7. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein at least one of the plurality of members is a shipping company and the clearinghouse computer server includes a logistics procurement component that receives shipment requests from trading members and forwards shipment proposals from the shipping members to the trading members.
8. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein the messages are extensible markup language (XML) messages.
9. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein the clearinghouse computer server includes a product catalog component that stores a product catalog of products available for sale from the members and forwards results of search requests of the catalog to the members.
10. The computer system of claim 1 , wherein the clearinghouse computer includes a regulatory reporting component that receives information relating to a required regulatory report from one of the members, generates a regulatory report for the one member, and transmits the report to an appropriate regulatory authority.
11. A computer network comprising: a plurality of trading members that buy and sell products through the network; at least one banking member for providing payment services to the plurality of trading members; at least one shipping member for providing order fulfillment services to the plurality of trading members; and a clearinghouse coupled to the trading members, the banking member, and the shipping member, communications between the trading members, banking members, and shipping members being routed through the clearinghouse, and the clearinghouse including software components for managing the services provided by the banking and shipping members to the trading members.
12. The network of claim 11 , wherein at least a first one of the trading members includes:
- an enterprise resource planning system configured to manage resources of the first trading member, including product supply chain management; and a translation server coupled to the enterprise resource planning system and to the clearinghouse, the translation server converting data in a format of the enterprise resource planning system into a format of the clearinghouse and forwarding the converted data to the clearinghouse; wherein the converted data corresponds to communications between the first trading member and a second trading member that relates to initiation of a commercial transaction, order fulfillment for the transaction, and payment processing for the transaction.
13. The network of ciaim 12, wherein the format of the clearinghouse is extensible markup language (XML).
14. The network of claim 11 , wherein the payment service provided by the banking member includes purchasing account receivables from the trading members, the banking member calculating the amount to pay for the receivables based on an analysis of a payment history of transactions of trading members made through the clearinghouse.
15. The computer system of claim 11 , wherein the clearinghouse includes a supplier managed inventory component that monitors an inventory of a first one of the trading members and in response to the inventory reaching a preset level, generating and transmitting a purchase order to a second one of the trading members that was pre-designated as a supplier for the first member.
16. The computer system of claim 11 , wherein the clearinghouse includes a shipment tracking component that receives shipment tracking information from the shipping member and that provides the shipment tracking information to the trading members.
17. The computer system of claim 11 , wherein the clearinghouse includes a business intelligence component that aggregates data passing through the clearinghouse and that mines the aggregated data for information requested by the members.
18. The computer system of claim 11 , wherein the clearinghouse includes a logistics procurement component that receives shipment requests from trading members and forwards shipment proposals from the shipping member to the trading members.
19. The computer system of claim 11 , wherein the clearinghouse includes a product catalog component that stores a product catalog of products available for sale from the trading members and forwards results of search requests of the catalog to the trading members.
20. A method for facilitating business-to-business transactions between members in a trading network comprising: receiving a purchase order for a product at a clearinghouse from a first trading member of the network and directed to a second member of the network; forwarding the purchase order from the clearinghouse to the second trading member of the network; receiving shipment proposals at the clearinghouse from a plurality of shipping members of the network to ship the product associated with the purchase order; receiving an invoice at the clearinghouse from the second trading member for the product; and forwarding the invoice to the first trading member and to a pre-designated banking member of the network.
21. The method of claim 20, further comprising purchasing account receivables from the second trading member, a value of the account receivables based on an analysis of payment histories of transactions in the network.
22. The method of claim 20, wherein the purchase order, the shipment proposals, and the invoice received at the clearinghouse are in extensible markup language (XML) format.
23. The method of claim 20, further comprising monitoring an inventory of the first trading member and in response to the inventory reaching a preset level, generating and transmitting the purchase order to the second trading member.
24. The method of claim 20, further including storing a product catalog of products available for sale and forwarding results of search requests of the catalog to the members.
25. The method of claim 20, further including aggregating data passing through the clearinghouse and mining the aggregated data for information requested by the members.
26. A system comprising: an enterprise resource planning computer system configured to manage resources of a company, including the management of supply chain activities of the company; and a translation server connected to the enterprise resource planning computer system and to a clearinghouse that processes messages, the translation server converting messages from the enterprise resource planning computer system into a format of the clearinghouse and forwarding the converted messages to the clearinghouse, the messages corresponding to communications in a business-to- business transaction that relate to initiation of the transaction, and at least one of order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.
27. The system of claim 26, wherein the messages corresponding to communications in the business-to-business transaction that relate to both order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.
28. The system of claim 26, further including a web browser connected to the translation server, the web browser displaying documents formatted in the extensible markup language (XML) format.
29. The system of claim 26, wherein the format of the clearinghouse is the extensible markup language (XML) format.
30. The system of claim 26, wherein the messages include at least one of a purchase order, a purchase order acknowledgement, and an invoice.
31. A method comprising: generating messages relating to business-to-business commerce transactions at an enterprise resource planning computer system, including generating messages relating to the management of supply chain activities of a company, the messages corresponding to communications in a business-to-business transaction; converting the messages generated by the enterprise resource planning computer system into extensible markup language (XML) messages; and transmitting the converted messages over the Internet to a clearinghouse that processes the converted messages and provides services related to order fulfillment for the transaction and payment processing for the transaction.
32. The method of claim 31 , wherein the services related to order fulfillment include receiving shipment proposals from shipping companies for the transaction.
33. The method of claim 31 , wherein the services related to payment processing include the generation of a summary invoice of multiple transactions.
34. The method of claim 31 , wherein the services related to payment processing include the purchase of account receivables.
PCT/US2001/002339 2000-01-28 2001-01-25 Business-to-business electronic commerce clearinghouse WO2001055887A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09/493,794 2000-01-28
US09493794 US7451107B1 (en) 2000-01-28 2000-01-28 Business-to-business electronic commerce clearinghouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001055887A1 true true WO2001055887A1 (en) 2001-08-02

Family

ID=23961734

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2001/002339 WO2001055887A1 (en) 2000-01-28 2001-01-25 Business-to-business electronic commerce clearinghouse

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (4) US7451107B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2001055887A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003100685A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-12-04 Clickoffice Ab Eventguided transactions
US8412581B1 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-04-02 Jda Software Group, Inc. Facilitating business transactions between trading networks

Families Citing this family (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001084450A9 (en) * 2000-05-04 2004-04-29 American Int Group Inc Method and system for initiating and clearing trades
EP1319281B1 (en) * 2000-09-11 2007-05-09 TransNexus, Inc. Clearinghouse server for internet telephony and multimedia communications
JP2002109325A (en) * 2000-09-19 2002-04-12 Internatl Business Mach Corp <Ibm> System and method for buying merchandise, storage medium recorded with program for performing merchandise buying method and server used for the same
US20060041486A1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2006-02-23 Harris Timothy M Method and system for providing analysis data on chemical compounds and for providing chemical compound availability information
US7366772B2 (en) * 2001-06-29 2008-04-29 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for creating and exposing order status within a supply chain having disparate systems
US7788157B2 (en) * 2001-09-28 2010-08-31 E2Open, Inc. Method for business to business collaborative viral adoption
US20070073594A1 (en) * 2005-09-23 2007-03-29 Ethel Schwartz E-commerce infrastructure and transaction system to commoditize unutilized, and underutilized assets & resources and excess capacity, via sharing or bartering arrangements transacted throught the econoshare system invention
US8657187B1 (en) * 2008-01-10 2014-02-25 Jpmorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Systems and methods for distribution of cash
US20100299229A1 (en) * 2009-05-20 2010-11-25 Sap Ag Capabilities and options for distributing functionality in an enterprise resource planning system landscape
US8239289B2 (en) * 2009-06-04 2012-08-07 Kris Land Inter-gallery trading system for artworks
US8244646B2 (en) 2009-06-09 2012-08-14 Fiserv, Inc. Systems and methods for determining estimated lead times
US20100312715A1 (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-12-09 Fiserv, Inc. Systems and Methods for Selecting Delivery Methods
US20110112885A1 (en) * 2009-11-12 2011-05-12 Oracle International Corporation Distributed order orchestration
US8386283B2 (en) * 2010-03-18 2013-02-26 Trimble Navigation Limited Integration of real-time field data in chemical delivery vehicle operations
US8364544B2 (en) 2010-06-18 2013-01-29 Prairie Pacific Holdings, LLC Comprehensive online bidding and sales management system for merchant processing services
EP2533037A1 (en) * 2011-06-08 2012-12-12 Alpha M.O.S. Chemoresistor type gas sensor having a multi-storey architecture
US20130173412A1 (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Log-Net, Inc. Method And System For Controlling Freight Bidding
US9672548B2 (en) * 2011-12-30 2017-06-06 Ebay Inc. Reputation management systems and methods
US20150081491A1 (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-03-19 International Business Machines Corporation Intraday cash flow optimization
JP2016076163A (en) * 2014-10-08 2016-05-12 株式会社アイ・ピー・エス Cooperation server, cooperation program, and ec system

Family Cites Families (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5311438A (en) * 1992-01-31 1994-05-10 Andersen Consulting Integrated manufacturing system
US6952645B1 (en) * 1997-03-10 2005-10-04 Arrivalstar, Inc. System and method for activation of an advance notification system for monitoring and reporting status of vehicle travel
US6748320B2 (en) * 1993-05-18 2004-06-08 Arrivalstar, Inc. Advance notification systems and methods utilizing a computer network
US6748318B1 (en) * 1993-05-18 2004-06-08 Arrivalstar, Inc. Advanced notification systems and methods utilizing a computer network
US5657010A (en) * 1993-05-18 1997-08-12 Global Research Systems, Inc. Advance notification system and method utilizing vehicle progress report generator
US6278936B1 (en) * 1993-05-18 2001-08-21 Global Research Systems, Inc. System and method for an advance notification system for monitoring and reporting proximity of a vehicle
US6700507B2 (en) * 1993-05-18 2004-03-02 Arrivalstar, Inc. Advance notification system and method utilizing vehicle signaling
JPH08500201A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-01-09 ムーア.ビジネス.フォームス.インコーポレイテッド Integrated computer network that leads to a customer's order to a variety of suppliers through a centralized computer
US6023683A (en) * 1994-08-10 2000-02-08 Fisher Scientific Company Electronic sourcing system and method
US5953737A (en) * 1997-03-31 1999-09-14 Lexar Media, Inc. Method and apparatus for performing erase operations transparent to a solid state storage system
US5774670A (en) 1995-10-06 1998-06-30 Netscape Communications Corporation Persistent client state in a hypertext transfer protocol based client-server system
US5758327A (en) * 1995-11-01 1998-05-26 Ben D. Gardner Electronic requisition and authorization process
US5946662A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-08-31 International Business Machines Corporation Method for providing inventory optimization
US5794234A (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-08-11 The Ec Company Method and system for providing electronic commerce between incompatible data processing systems
US5974395A (en) * 1996-08-21 1999-10-26 I2 Technologies, Inc. System and method for extended enterprise planning across a supply chain
US5890138A (en) * 1996-08-26 1999-03-30 Bid.Com International Inc. Computer auction system
US5794207A (en) 1996-09-04 1998-08-11 Walker Asset Management Limited Partnership Method and apparatus for a cryptographically assisted commercial network system designed to facilitate buyer-driven conditional purchase offers
US5884083A (en) * 1996-09-20 1999-03-16 Royce; Robert Computer system to compile non-incremental computer source code to execute within an incremental type computer system
US5797127A (en) * 1996-12-31 1998-08-18 Walker Asset Management Limited Partnership Method, apparatus, and program for pricing, selling, and exercising options to purchase airline tickets
US6167378A (en) * 1997-01-21 2000-12-26 Webber, Jr.; Donald Gary Automated back office transaction method and system
US7117165B1 (en) * 1997-04-28 2006-10-03 Ariba, Inc. Operating resource management system
US6606603B1 (en) * 1997-04-28 2003-08-12 Ariba, Inc. Method and apparatus for ordering items using electronic catalogs
US5991740A (en) * 1997-06-10 1999-11-23 Messer; Stephen Dale Data processing system for integrated tracking and management of commerce related activities on a public access network
US5897620A (en) 1997-07-08 1999-04-27 Priceline.Com Inc. Method and apparatus for the sale of airline-specified flight tickets
US6418400B1 (en) * 1997-12-31 2002-07-09 Xml-Global Technologies, Inc. Representation and processing of EDI mapping templates
US6285989B1 (en) * 1998-08-07 2001-09-04 Ariba, Inc. Universal on-line trading market design and deployment system
US6230146B1 (en) * 1998-09-18 2001-05-08 Freemarkets, Inc. Method and system for controlling closing times of electronic auctions involving multiple lots
US7225152B2 (en) * 1999-02-19 2007-05-29 Ariba, Inc. Method, apparatus, and system for varying an award volume in an auction
US6226675B1 (en) * 1998-10-16 2001-05-01 Commerce One, Inc. Participant server which process documents for commerce in trading partner networks
US6125391A (en) * 1998-10-16 2000-09-26 Commerce One, Inc. Market makers using documents for commerce in trading partner networks
US7594167B1 (en) * 1998-10-16 2009-09-22 Open Invention Network, Llc System and method for schema evolution in an e-commerce network
US8006177B1 (en) * 1998-10-16 2011-08-23 Open Invention Network, Llc Documents for commerce in trading partner networks and interface definitions based on the documents
US6338050B1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2002-01-08 Trade Access, Inc. System and method for providing and updating user supplied context for a negotiations system
US6233566B1 (en) * 1998-12-31 2001-05-15 Ultraprise Corporation System, method and computer program product for online financial products trading
US6507856B1 (en) * 1999-01-05 2003-01-14 International Business Machines Corporation Dynamic business process automation system using XML documents
US6584451B1 (en) * 1999-01-12 2003-06-24 Ariba, Inc. Facilitator for aggregating buyer power in an on-line market system
US7249085B1 (en) * 1999-03-31 2007-07-24 Ariba, Inc. Method and system for conducting electronic auctions with multi-parameter price equalization bidding
US7010511B1 (en) * 1999-03-31 2006-03-07 Kinney Jr Sam E Method and system for conducting electronic auctions with net present value bidding
US7165041B1 (en) * 1999-05-27 2007-01-16 Accenture, Llp Web-based architecture sales tool
US6564192B1 (en) * 1999-06-08 2003-05-13 Freemarkets, Inc. Method and system for differential index bidding in online auctions
US6952682B1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2005-10-04 Ariba, Inc. System and method for matching multi-attribute auction bids
US6934692B1 (en) * 1999-07-06 2005-08-23 Dana B. Duncan On-line interactive system and method for transacting business
US7035817B1 (en) * 1999-07-09 2006-04-25 Verizon Laboratories Inc. Electronic catalog method
US6947903B1 (en) * 1999-08-06 2005-09-20 Elcommerce.Com.Inc. Method and system for monitoring a supply-chain
US7487439B1 (en) * 1999-10-19 2009-02-03 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for converting between data sets and XML documents
US7130815B1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2006-10-31 Softface, Inc. (A Subsidiary Of Ariba, Inc.) Method and system for conducting reserve request reverse auctions for electronic commerce
US6871191B1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2005-03-22 Sam E. Kinney, Jr. Method and system for partial quantity evaluated rank bidding in online auctions
US6591260B1 (en) * 2000-01-28 2003-07-08 Commerce One Operations, Inc. Method of retrieving schemas for interpreting documents in an electronic commerce system
US6751600B1 (en) * 2000-05-30 2004-06-15 Commerce One Operations, Inc. Method for automatic categorization of items
US6993506B2 (en) * 2000-12-05 2006-01-31 Jgr Acquisition, Inc. Method and device utilizing polymorphic data in e-commerce
US6714939B2 (en) * 2001-01-08 2004-03-30 Softface, Inc. Creation of structured data from plain text
US7072061B2 (en) * 2001-02-13 2006-07-04 Ariba, Inc. Method and system for extracting information from RFQ documents and compressing RFQ files into a common RFQ file type
US7084998B2 (en) * 2001-02-13 2006-08-01 Ariba, Inc. Method and system for processing files using a printer driver
US7415669B1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2008-08-19 Open Invention Network Method and apparatus for viewing electronic commerce-related documents
US7047318B1 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-05-16 Softface, Inc. Method and apparatus for creating and deploying web sites with dynamic content
US7013426B1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2006-03-14 Commerce One, Llc Exchanging and converting document versions
US7237191B1 (en) * 2001-12-18 2007-06-26 Open Invention Network, Llc Method and apparatus for generic search interface across document types
US7058886B1 (en) * 2001-12-18 2006-06-06 Open Invention Network Method and apparatus for declarative error handling and presentation
US7036072B1 (en) * 2001-12-18 2006-04-25 Jgr Acquisition, Inc. Method and apparatus for declarative updating of self-describing, structured documents
US7146331B1 (en) * 2002-01-17 2006-12-05 Ariba, Inc. Method and system for supplier prioritization
US7542930B1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2009-06-02 Open Invention Network Rules based scenario management
US7200674B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2007-04-03 Open Invention Network, Llc Electronic commerce community networks and intra/inter community secure routing implementation
US7047488B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2006-05-16 Open Invention Network Registry driven interoperability and exchange of documents
US7444522B1 (en) * 2002-09-18 2008-10-28 Open Invention Network, Llc Dynamic negotiation of security arrangements between web services
US7340508B1 (en) * 2002-09-18 2008-03-04 Open Invention Network, Llc Exposing process flows and choreography controllers as web services

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
CHEMICAL WEEK, vol. 161, no. 36, 29 September 1999 (1999-09-29), pages 32 - 34 *
DATABASE UNKNOWN [online] ADAMS JARRET: "E-commerce land grap: Internet startups have chemicals in their sites", XP002940203, retrieved from 01899868 accession no. Dialog Database accession no. 05-50860 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8412581B1 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-04-02 Jda Software Group, Inc. Facilitating business transactions between trading networks
WO2003100685A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-12-04 Clickoffice Ab Eventguided transactions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US7945498B2 (en) 2011-05-17 grant
US20110184835A1 (en) 2011-07-28 application
US7451107B1 (en) 2008-11-11 grant
US20090037289A1 (en) 2009-02-05 application
US20110145095A1 (en) 2011-06-16 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6882983B2 (en) Method and system for processing transactions
US7155403B2 (en) System and method for leveraging procurement across companies and company groups
US7200569B2 (en) Intelligent apparatus, system and method for financial data computation and analysis
US7536336B1 (en) Multi-party electronic transactions
US7110967B1 (en) Method for refining an online marketplace selection for enhancing e-commerce
US6151588A (en) Full service trade system
US5694551A (en) Computer integration network for channeling customer orders through a centralized computer to various suppliers
US7127415B1 (en) Method and system for acquiring branded promotional products
US20050177507A1 (en) Method and system for processing transactions
US7668782B1 (en) Electronic commerce system for offer and acceptance negotiation with encryption
US20020042782A1 (en) System and method for generating a contract and conducting contractual activities under the contract
US20020055886A1 (en) System and method for maintaining and utilizing component cross reference data in an exchange system
US20020042757A1 (en) System and method for presentation of user interface for conducting contractual activity over a computer network
US20020038277A1 (en) Innovative financing method and system therefor
Dearing The strategic benefits of EDI
US20050021346A1 (en) Method and system for creating marketplace visibility and administering freight shipments using fuzzy commodity transportation instruments
US8204799B1 (en) System and method for combining fulfillment of customer orders from merchants in computer-facilitated marketplaces
US6922676B2 (en) Method and system for ordering items over the internet
US20010034663A1 (en) Electronic contract broker and contract market maker infrastructure
US20040044582A1 (en) Automated transaction coordinator
US20040193510A1 (en) Modeling of order data
US20020013774A1 (en) System and method for negotiating improved terms for products and services being purchased through the internet
US7003474B2 (en) Supply chain architecture
US20020069096A1 (en) Method and system for supplier relationship management
US6892184B1 (en) System and method for multiple currency transactions

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW MZ SD SL SZ TZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE TR BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AE AG AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY BZ CA CH CN CR CU CZ DE DK DM DZ EE ES FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MA MD MG MK MN MW MX MZ NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SE SG SI SK SL TJ TM TR TT TZ UA UG UZ VN YU ZA ZW

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: JP