WO2001041498A2 - Bending wave loudspeakers - Google Patents

Bending wave loudspeakers

Info

Publication number
WO2001041498A2
WO2001041498A2 PCT/GB2000/004510 GB0004510W WO2001041498A2 WO 2001041498 A2 WO2001041498 A2 WO 2001041498A2 GB 0004510 W GB0004510 W GB 0004510W WO 2001041498 A2 WO2001041498 A2 WO 2001041498A2
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
panels
cavity
loudspeaker
fluid
pair
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB2000/004510
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2001041498A3 (en )
Inventor
Andreas Buos
Original Assignee
New Transducers Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R7/00Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones
    • H04R7/02Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones characterised by the construction
    • H04R7/04Plane diaphragms
    • H04R7/045Plane diaphragms using the distributed mode principle, i.e. whereby the acoustic radiation is emanated from uniformly distributed free bending wave vibration induced in a stiff panel and not from pistonic motion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/20Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics
    • H04R1/22Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics for obtaining desired frequency characteristic only
    • H04R1/227Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics for obtaining desired frequency characteristic only using transducers reproducing the same frequency band

Abstract

A bending wave panel-form loudspeaker comprises a spaced pair of panels defining between them a shallow fluid cavity, a body member surrounding the pair of panels and suspending the panels by their edges, means sealing the cavity and vibration transducers in the fluid cavity and arranged to drive the respective panels, the electrical connections to the transducers being at least partially in antiphase such that the predominant motion of the panels is in phase to provide a degree of dipole radiation property for the loudspeaker, and the cavity being such that the gap between the panels is in the range 2 to 25 mm such that the shallow cavity provides conditions in which fluid coupling dynamics and behaviour is asserted between the pair of panels due to the fluid layer between them.

Description

TITLE: LOUDSPEAKERS

DESCRIPTION

TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to loudspeakers and more particularly to bending wave panel -form loudspeakers, e.g. resonant bending wave panel speakers as exemplified by the disclosure in W097/09842 of New Transducers Limited. Loudspeakers as exemplified in WO97/09842 have become known as distributed mode loudspeakers.

BACKGROUND ART It is known in bending wave panel -form loudspeakers to embed vibration exciting transducers in the loudspeaker panel so that the exciter is hidden and so that the surface of the panel is unobstructed. The provision of an embedded exciter does however complicate the construction of the loudspeaker m comparison to one having an exciter mounted on the panel surface, and increases the cost of the loudspeaker .

It is an object of the present invention at least to mitigate these problems.

It is known from 099/67974 to provide a loudspeaker comprising a spaced pair of vibrating diaphragms defining a cavity between them. It is also known from O98/16409 to provide a vehicle sun visor as a loudspeaker comprising a spaced pair of vibrating panels defining between them a cavity m which piezoelectric transducers for exciting the panels are located. Further more it is known from DE 298,11,727 Ul to provide a loudspeaker comprising a spaced pair of panels defining a cavity m which transducers for exciting the two panels are located.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION According to the invention bending wave panel-form loudspeaker comprises a spaced pair of panels defining between them a shallow fluid cavity, a body member surrounding the pair of panels and suspending the panels by their edges, means sealing the cavity and vibration transducers m the fluid cavity and arranged to drive the respective panels, the electrical connections to the transducers being at least partially m antiphase such that the predominant motion of the panels is m phase to provide a degree of dipole radiation property for the loudspeaker, and the cavity being such that the gap between the panels is in the range 2 to 25 mm such that the shallow cavity provides conditions in which fluid coupling dynamics and behaviour is asserted between the pair of panels due to the fluid layer between them. In this way the vibration exciters can be surface mounted on the panels, but are hidden from view in the fluid gap. The vibration transducers may be electrodynamic inertial devices.

The body member, which may be in the form of a frame or a shim between the panels, may clamp the panel edges. The body member may form the cavity sealing means. More than one vibration exciter may be fixed to the inside face of each panel .

The panels may be resonant acoustic radiators, e.g. as disclosed in O97/09842

From another aspect, the invention is an advertising display comprising a loudspeaker as described above.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention is diagrammatically illustrated, by way of example, in the accompanying drawings, in which: - Figure 1 is a cross-sectional side view of a resonant bending wave panel-form loudspeaker of the present invention, and

Figure 2 is a graph of the frequency response of a typical loudspeaker, formed as shown in Figure 1.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION In the drawings, there is shown a distributed mode loudspeaker (1) comprising two resonant bending wave panels (2) clamped by their edges (4) back to back into a frame (3) , and operating as a dipole sound radiator. The two panels and the frame define a sealed shallow cavity (5) . Each of the two (front and back) panels is driven by one or more electrodynamic inertial transducers exciters (6), mounted on the inwardly facing surfaces (7) of the panels so that the exciters (6) are mounted in the cavity (5), and generating distributed mode type bending waves in each of the panels, e.g. as described in WO97/09842. The exciters of the front and rear panel are connected to be electrically out of phase, in order to form a mechanical dipole system, meaning that the mechanical excursion of the front and rear panel is in phase.

The two panels (12) are clamped to the frame (3) around their entire perimeters, to create a small sealed air volume that can be described as a fluid system for a stiff coupling between the front and the pack panel, preventing any unwanted front to back panel interaction caused by an otherwise possible resonance in the enclosure. The fluid coupling between the front and back panel also supports the mechanical dipole excursion due to its high mechanical spring stiffness. In the example of a small panel given below in relation to Figure 2, the cavity depth is 6 mm. It is envisaged that the loudspeakers of the present invention might find application in relation to inexpensive signboards and advertising displays, e.g. point of purchase, or POP, displays in store and supermarkets, the loudspeakers forming an advertising display board with the additional feature of an audio output to enhance the display appeal . Often such display boards may be relatively large, e.g. around one metre square, and in such a case, the shallow cavity between the panels may be up to 25 mm in depth.

Figure 2 shows the frequency response curve of a panel constructed according to Figure 1. Two identical panels (590 x 495 x 3 mm) are mounted on a rigid spacer frame of 6 mm thickness and form a completely sealed thin closed loudspeaker. Each panel is driven by two 13 mm exciters with a total nominal impedance of 2 ohms. The front and rear exciter configurations are in series connection and electrically out of phase, giving a total nominal impedance of the system of 4 ohm. The sound pressure level measurement shown in Figure 2 is on axis at 0.5 m with 2.83 Vrms input .

The invention thus provides a useful alternative to known embedded bending wave panel -form loudspeakers.

The benefit is an economical two sided bending wave speaker system of desirable thinness which is broadly equivalent to a standard single panel speaker but where the method of excitation is wholly concealed within the speaker assembly. Thus signboards may have information on both sides of an assembly without obstruction. In addition the exciter means is wholly protected from damage, environmental and/or casual .

Claims

1. A bending wave panel-form loudspeaker comprises a spaced pair of panels defining between them a shallow fluid cavity, a body member surrounding the pair of panels and suspending the panels by their edges, means sealing the cavity and vibration transducers in the fluid cavity and arranged to drive the respective panels, the electrical connections to the transducers being at least partially in antiphase such that the predominant motion of the panels is in phase to provide a degree of dipole radiation property for the loudspeaker, and the cavity being such that the gap between the panels is in the range 2 to 25 mm such that the shallow cavity provides conditions in which fluid coupling dynamics and behaviour is asserted between the pair of panels due to the fluid layer between them.
2. A loudspeaker according to claim 1, wherein the body member forms the cavity sealing means.
3. A loudspeaker according to claim 1 or claim 2, comprising means clamping the body member to the panel edges.
4. A loudspeaker according to any preceding claim, wherein the panels are resonant acoustic radiators.
5. A loudspeaker according to any preceding claim, wherein the transducers are electrodynamic inertial devices.
6. An advertising display or signboard consisting of a loudspeaker as claimed in any preceding claim.
PCT/GB2000/004510 1999-12-02 2000-11-28 Bending wave loudspeakers WO2001041498A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9928456A GB9928456D0 (en) 1999-12-02 1999-12-02 Loudspeakers
GB9928456.4 1999-12-02

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20000985445 EP1234478A2 (en) 1999-12-02 2000-11-28 Bending wave loudspeakers

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001041498A2 true true WO2001041498A2 (en) 2001-06-07
WO2001041498A3 true WO2001041498A3 (en) 2002-05-10

Family

ID=10865539

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB2000/004510 WO2001041498A3 (en) 1999-12-02 2000-11-28 Bending wave loudspeakers

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1234478A2 (en)
CN (1) CN1390429A (en)
GB (1) GB9928456D0 (en)
WO (1) WO2001041498A3 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005009074A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-27 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Panel-shaped acoustic wave generator
GB2409125B (en) * 2002-09-17 2005-11-09 1 Ltd Loudspeaker

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997009842A2 (en) * 1995-09-02 1997-03-13 New Transducers Limited Acoustic device
WO1998016409A1 (en) * 1996-10-16 1998-04-23 Nct Group, Inc. Vehicle loudspeakers

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999067974A8 (en) * 1998-06-22 2001-05-03 John Frederick Corey Loudspeakers

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997009842A2 (en) * 1995-09-02 1997-03-13 New Transducers Limited Acoustic device
WO1998016409A1 (en) * 1996-10-16 1998-04-23 Nct Group, Inc. Vehicle loudspeakers

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2409125B (en) * 2002-09-17 2005-11-09 1 Ltd Loudspeaker
WO2005009074A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-27 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Panel-shaped acoustic wave generator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB9928456D0 (en) 2000-01-26 grant
CN1390429A (en) 2003-01-08 application
EP1234478A2 (en) 2002-08-28 application
WO2001041498A3 (en) 2002-05-10 application

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