WO2001039675A1 - Skin abrasion system and method - Google Patents

Skin abrasion system and method

Info

Publication number
WO2001039675A1
WO2001039675A1 PCT/US2000/032692 US0032692W WO2001039675A1 WO 2001039675 A1 WO2001039675 A1 WO 2001039675A1 US 0032692 W US0032692 W US 0032692W WO 2001039675 A1 WO2001039675 A1 WO 2001039675A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
abrasive
wherem
particles
system
rounded particles
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2000/032692
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
George J. Eilers
Steven H. Johnson
Original Assignee
Aesthetic Technologies, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C11/00Selection of abrasive materials or additives for abrasive blasts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/54Chiropodists' instruments, e.g. pedicure
    • A61B17/545Chiropodists' instruments, e.g. pedicure using a stream or spray of abrasive particles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C3/00Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants
    • B24C3/02Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants characterised by the arrangement of the component assemblies with respect to each other
    • B24C3/06Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants characterised by the arrangement of the component assemblies with respect to each other movable; portable
    • B24C3/065Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants characterised by the arrangement of the component assemblies with respect to each other movable; portable with suction means for the abrasive and the waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00743Type of operation; Specification of treatment sites
    • A61B2017/00747Dermatology
    • A61B2017/00761Removing layer of skin tissue, e.g. wrinkles, scars or cancerous tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00743Type of operation; Specification of treatment sites
    • A61B2017/00747Dermatology
    • A61B2017/00769Tattoo removal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B2017/320004Surgical cutting instruments abrasive

Abstract

Rounded particles may be used as an abrasive during a microdermabrasion procedure. Rounded particles may be propelled against skin within a treatment area to treat the skin. The rounded particles may abrade portions of the skin within the treatment area. The rounded particles used in a microdermabrasion procedure may be mixed with other abrasives and materials. The rounded particles may be glass beads. The rounded particles may be coated with other materials such as coloring agents, vitamins, lotion, or antibacterial agents.

Description

TITLE: SKIN ABRASION SYSTEM AND METHOD

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1 Field of the Invention

The present invention generally relates to skm abrasion procedures More particularly, an embodiment of the invention relates to the use of rounded particles during a microdermabrasion procedure

2 Description of the Related Art

A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to treat skin Abrasive particles may be propelled against a treatment area durmg a microdermabrasion procedure The abrasive particles may abrade and remove a portion of the skin A microdermabrasion procedure may be used in place of or m conjunction with a laser resurfacing procedure or a chemical peel

In one type of microdermabrasion procedure, a vacuum may be used to draw abrasive particles across a treatment area The vacuum may serve to propel the abrasive particles and to remove abraded skin and abrasive particles to a waste receptacle Alternatively, the abrasive particles may be propelled agamst the treatment area by a compressed gas A vacuum may be used to draw abraded skin and abrasive particles to a waste receptacle A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to remove the epidermal skm layer, or selected portions of the epidermal skin layer, such as the stratum corneum Removal of all or selected portions of the epidermal layer from a treatment area may stimulate underlying skin tissue Stimulation of underlying skin tissue may serve to freshen or tone the skm A microdermabrasion procedure may also be used to remove portions of the dermal skm layer from a treatment area Removmg portions of the dermal skin layer may remove undesired skin pigmentation or blend the color of the treatment area to more closely match the skm pigmentation of adjacent skm

A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to freshen or tone the skm, to treat wrinkles, such as agmg wrinkles, to treat stretch marks, and/or to treat skm blemishes A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to treat skm blemishes that mclude, but are not limited to certain forms of keratoses, acne, scar tissue, calluses, melasma, hyper-pigmentation, photo or sun damaged skm, and tattoos Durmg a microdermabrasion procedure, a handpiece of a microdermabrasion machine may be guided over a treatment area A vacuum may be used to draw abrasive particles from a supply receptacle across the treatment area The particles may abrade and remove portions of the skm The vacuum may draw the abrasive particles and removed skm into a waste receptacle The vacuum may typically range from about 10 to 50 centimeters of mercury The vacuum may stretch the skm and cause local vasodilation In addition to the vacuum, a compressed gas may be used to propel the abrasive particles against the treatment area to improve the abrasive effect of the particles The use of vacuum and compressed gas to propel the abrasive particles agamst the skm may allow for greater abrasion of the skm than can be obtained usmg only vacuum to propel the abrasive particles A microdermabrasion machine may be used durmg a microdermabrasion procedure U S Pat No 5,810,842 issued to Di Fiore et al , and U S Pat No 5,037,432 issued to Molmaπ, describe microdermabrasion machines Each of these patents are incorporated by reference as if fully set forth herem

Alummum oxide is typically used as the abrasive durmg a microdermabrasion procedure Synonyms for alummum oxide include alumina, alummum tπoxide, and corundum powder The alummum oxide used m a microdermabrasion procedure may be in the form of alummum oxide particles The alummum oxide particles may be irregularly shaped The alummum oxide particles may have sharp edges An electrode process may be used to form alummum oxide particles having sharp edges Sharp edged particles may have good abrasive properties when used as an abrasive in a microdermabrasion procedure Alummum oxide particles may be sieved so that the aluminum oxide particles are predommantly within a desired size range Mesh screens may be used to isolate alummum oxide particles with a desired effective diameter size range The effective diameter size range for sharp edged alummum oxide particles useful for microdermabrasion procedures may be between about 50 microns and 180 microns Commercially available alummum oxide particles suitable for use m a microdermabrasion procedure typically include a percentage of fines Fines are particles that are significantly smaller than the desired size range of particles Fines may have effective diameters less than about ten microns in size The presence of fines m the abrasive particles used for microdermabrasion procedures may cause health problems and may cause problems with microdermabrasion equipment Alummum oxide particles may be processed to remove fines, but aluminum oxide particles that have minimal or no fines may be prohibitively expensive Fmes are undesirable because fines may be dispersed m the air during transfer of abrasive from one contamer to another Fmes may also become airborne durmg a microdermabrasion procedure The fines may be visible as a fine smoke-like dust when airborne The generation of airborne fines may be problematic because fines have a tendency to bind with infectious materials The fines may transport such infectious materials through the air Fines may also cause problems with a microdermabrasion machine Fines may cause abrasive particles within a microdermabrasion machine to clump Clumped abrasive particles may plug conduits withm a microdermabrasion machine and stop the machme from functioning Fmes may also cause excessive wear of parts within a microdermabrasion machme The small size of fines may allow fines to pass through filters that protect the vacuum pump of a microdermabrasion machine To prevent excessive machme wear, frequent mamtenance and replacement of parts of a microdermabrasion machme may be required

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Rounded particles may be used as an abrasive in a microdermabrasion procedure Rounded particles may serve as a polishing or renewmg agent for the skin Rounded particles may abrade portions of skm withm a treatment area durmg a microdermabrasion procedure

In certain embodiments, an abrasive used m a microdermabrasion procedure may be a mixture of rounded particles and other abrasives In an embodiment, the abrasive is a mixture of rounded particles and sharp-edged particles The sharp-edged particles may be, but are not limited to sand, glass, or aluminum oxide particles havmg sharp edges In a mixture of rounded particles and sharp-edged particles, the rounded particles may inhibit clumping of the sharp-edged particles The rounded particles may be hollow particles, such as, but not limited to hollow glass beads Also, an abrasive that is a mixture of rounded particles and sharp-edged particles may be less expansive than an abrasive mcludmg only sharp-edged particles, such as sharp-edged alummum oxide particles, yet the abrasive mixture may have substantially the same or similar abrasive characteristics as the abrasive mcludmg only the sharp-edged particles

Rounded particles used as an abrasive in a microdermabrasion procedure may be mixed or coated with other materials The other materials may mclude, but are not limited to, lotions, antibacterial agents, coloring agents, and vitamins

In embodiments, rounded particles used durmg a microdermabrasion procedure may be substantially spherical in shape In other embodiments, the rounded particles may have non-spherical geometries with rounded edges The rounded particles may have an effective particle diameter size range that allow the particles to pass through a sieve havmg a particular mesh size, but not pass through a sieve havmg a smaller mesh size The rounded particles may have a narrow particle diameter size distribution range Rounded particles, such as glass beads, may be commercially obtained m several different narrow particle diameter size distribution ranges The particle diameter size distribution range of the rounded particles may be between about 25 microns and about 325 microns, or between about 50 microns and about 250 microns, or between about 100 microns and about 200 microns A narrow particle diameter size distribution range may be preferred over a broad particle diameter size distribution range For example, glass beads having a particle diameter size distribution range from about 90 microns to about 150 microns may be used in a microdermabrasion procedure A narrow particle diameter size distribution range of rounded particles may produce a more uniform abrasive effect in a treatment area than can be obtamed when usmg a broad particle diameter size distribution range of abrasive particles

Glass beads may be the abrasive used m a microdermabrasion procedure Several characteristics of glass beads make glass beads well suited for use as the abrasive in a microdermabrasion procedure Glass beads may be commercially available in distribution ranges that are narrower than the distribution ranges available for alummum oxide particles Glass beads may be commercially available at a lower price than alummum oxide particles Glass beads have approximately half the density of alummum oxide particles Because the density of glass beads is less than the density of alummum oxide particles, it may cost less to ship a given volume of glass beads than it would to ship the same volume of aluminum oxide particles Also, commercially purchased glass beads contam few particles that are small enough to become airborne durmg normal use and handlmg Using glass beads mstead of at least some of the alummum oxide particles may substantially reduce and/or eliminate the presence of fines and small particles in the abrasive The substantial reduction and/or elimination of fines may avoid the harmful effects of small particles on the microdermabrasion machinery, on the operators of the machinery, and on the patients undergoing microdermabrasion procedures

The abrasive effect on the skm of rounded particles may be different than the abrasive effect on the skm of irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles When only a vacuum is used to draw abrasive particles across the skm, rounded particles appear to have less effect on the skm than do irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles Usmg a vacuum to draw rounded particles across a treatment area of skm may be well suited to toning and refreshing the skm When a compressed gas is used to propel abrasive particles agamst the skin at a selected velocity, rounded particles appear to have less effect on the skin than do irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles

When a compressed gas or air is used to propel abrasive particles agamst the skm at a given pressure, glass beads may be propelled agamst the skin at a greater velocity than irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles of the same general size because of the lighter density of the glass beads The faster velocity of the glass beads may allow the glass beads to have a similar abrasive effect to the effect produced by irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles propelled at the same operating pressure

An advantage of the use of rounded particles durmg a microdermabrasion procedure is that rounded particles typically are not embedded in the skm durmg the procedure Substantially all of the rounded particles may be removed from a treatment area by the vacuum that draws the particles from the treatment area to a waste receptacle When sharp-edged alummum oxide particles are used during a microdermabrasion procedure, a portion of the particles may become embedded in the skm durmg the procedure

Another advantage of the use of rounded particles is that commercially available rounded particles have few or no fines The absence of fines may eliminate problems of airborne particles durmg the setup and use of a microdermabrasion machine The absence of fines may extend the life of the microdermabrasion machine and decrease the expenses associated with maintenance of the microdermabrasion machme

Another advantage of using rounded particles durmg a microdermabrasion procedure may be that the rounded particles produce a more controllable and a more desirable effect on the treated skm than is obtamable with the use of irregularly shaped aluminum oxide particles Rounded particles are typically less abrasive than are irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles The milder abrasive characteristics of the rounded particles may allow an operator of a microdermabrasion machme to have greater control of the abrasive effect produced by the particles in a treatment area

Another advantage of usmg rounded particles may be that the rounded particles are more cost effective than irregularly shaped aluminum oxide particles The use of rounded particles, such as glass beads, may be more cost effective than the use of aluminum oxide particles because of product cost Also, shippmg a volume of rounded particles, such as glass beads, may cost less than shippmg an equal volume of irregularly shaped aluminum oxide particles Rounded particles that have approximately the same size range distribution as the allowable size range of aluminum oxide particles may be used in existmg microdermabrasion machines without the need to modify the existmg microdermabrasion machmes Further advantages of using rounded particles withm a microdermabrasion machine may mclude that the round particles are sturdy, durable, light weight, simple, efficient, safe, easily obtamable, reliable and inexpensive, yet the rounded particles may also be easy to handle, mstall and use with a microdermabrasion machine

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Further advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled m the art with the benefit of the following detailed description of embodiments and upon reference to the accompanymg drawings m which Figure 1 shows a cut-away view of a portion of a handpiece of a microderm-abrasion machine during a microdermabrasion procedure,

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic view of a microdermabrasion machme,

Figure 3 is a perspective view of a microdermabrasion machine, Figure 4 shows a perspective view of an embodiment of a microdermabrasion machme,

Figure 5 is a schematic representation of a microdermabrasion machme that mcludes a compressor that is activated by an electrically operated activation mechanism located on a handpiece,

Figure 6 is a schematic representation of a microdermabrasion machine that mcludes a compressor that is activated by a vacuum operated pneumatic activation mechanism located on a handpiece, Figure 7 is a schematic representation of a microdermabrasion machme that mcludes a compressor that is activated by a positive pressure operated pneumatic activation mechanism located on a handpiece,

Figure 8 is a perspective view of a handpiece that includes an electrically operated compressor control mechanism,

Figure 9 is a perspective view of a handpiece that includes a pneumatically operated compressor control mechanism,

Figure 10 shows an exploded view of a body of a pneumatically controlled handpiece,

Figure 11 shows a top view of an embodiment of a tip for a handpiece with pneumatic control,

Figure 12 shows a perspective view of a tip body for an embodiment of an electrically controlled handpiece, Figure 13 shows a perspective view of a tip body for an embodiment of a pneumatically controlled handpiece, and

Figure 14 is a plan view of a metallic insert tube for a handpiece

While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof are shown by way of example m the drawmgs and will herem be described m detail The drawmgs may not be to scale It should be understood, however, that the drawings and detailed description thereto are not intended to limit the invention to the particular form disclosed, but to the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents and alternatives falling withm the spirit and scope of the present mvention as defined by the appended claims

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

With reference to the drawings, and particularly to Figure 1 , rounded particles are designated generally as 20 Rounded particles 20 may be used in a microdermabrasion machine 22 Embodiments of microdermabrasion machines are shown m Figures 2 and 3 A microdermabrasion machine 22 may propel rounded particles 20 agamst skm 24 (shown in Figure 1) The rounded particles 20 may be all or a portion of abrasive 25 (shown m Figure 2 and Figures 5-7) used to abrade the skm 24 Embodiments of microdermabrasion machmes 22 may be configured to propel the abrasive 25 agamst skm 24 usmg only vacuum, using only compressed gas, or usmg a compressed gas and vacuum combmation The compressed gas may be, but is not limited to, compressed air or nitrogen When a combination of compressed gas and vacuum is used to propel abrasive 25, the compressed gas may propel the abrasive agamst the skm 24 within a treatment area, and the vacuum may draw the abrasive and abraded skm away from the treatment area In certain embodiments, the abrasive 25 mcludes only round particles 20 with substantially smooth edges In other embodiments, the abrasive 25 mcludes a mixture of round particles 20 with other types of particles The other types of particles may mclude, but are not limited to sharp-edged particles, bleaching agents, drying agents, and unguents A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to freshen or tone skm 24, to treat wrinkles, such as agmg wrinkles, to treat stretch marks, and/or to treat skm blemishes A microdermabrasion procedure may be used to treat skm blemishes that include, but are not limited to certain forms of keratoses, acne, acne scarring, scar tissue, calluses, melasma, hyper-pigmentation, photo-damaged or sun-damaged skm, and tattoos

The rounded particles 20 may be made of various mateπals mcludmg, but not limited to glass, alumina, other fired or unfired ceramic materials, and polymers The rounded particles 20 may be solid, or the rounded particles may be hollow The rounded particles 20 may be, but are not limited to, spheroidal, substantially ellipsoidal, substantially ovate, and/or substantially cylindrical shapes The rounded particles 20 may have substantially smooth outer surfaces, or the rounded particles may have an overall round shape with sharp-edged surfaces Spheroidal particles may be produced by heating the material to a liquid state The liquid may be blown mto a gas stream Spheroidal particles may form in the gas stream The gas stream may be cooled to form solid spheroidal particles

A wide range of effective particle diameter sizes may be used in a microderm-abrasion machme 22 A rounded particle diameter size distribution range may be from about 25 microns to about 325 microns, from about 50 microns to about 250 microns, or from about 100 microns to about 200 microns A narrow particle diameter size distribution range may be preferred because a narrow size distribution range of particles may produce a more uniform abrasive effect within a treatment area than will a broad size distribution of particles Also, rounded particles 20 may be commercial available m narrow size distribution ranges For example, a microdermabrasion machme 22 may use glass beads, such as type AE Ballotim Impact Beads, which are sold by Potters Industries Inc of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania These glass beads have a particle diameter size distribution range of from about 90 microns to about 150 microns Other particle diameter size ranges of rounded particles 20 may be used in a microdermabrasion machme 22 A rounded particle diameter size distribution range may be established by siev g the particles through mesh screens of selected sizes The largest size of mesh screen through which the particles will not pass may define the lower particle diameter size limit, and the smallest size of a mesh screen through which the particles will pass may define the upper particle diameter size limit Rounded particles 20 that are to be used m a microdermabrasion procedure may be sterilized The rounded particles 20 may be sterilized by any suitable procedure mcludmg, but not limited to, heat treatment, radiation treatment or chemical treatment

Rounded particles 20 may be coated with a colormg agent Different color coatmgs of rounded particles 20 may be used to distmguish between rounded particles havmg different characteristics For example, blue coated rounded particles may be small particles, such as particles havmg a size distπbution from about 45 microns to about 90 microns, while red coated rounded particles may be larger size particles, such as particles havmg a size distribution from about 210 microns to about 300 microns Different color coatmgs may also be used to mdicate that the rounded particles 20 are mixed with other types of materials such as additional abrasives (e g , sand or alummum oxide), bleachmg agents, or drying agents In certam embodiments, rounded particles 20 may be mixed with other abrasive particles For example, the rounded particles 20 may be mixed with irregularly shaped, sharp-edged alummum oxide particles or sand particles (silicon dioxide) The rounded particles 20 may also be mixed with other types of mateπals For example, the rounded particles 20 may be mixed with micro-beads of lotion or antibacterial agent In certam embodiments, a portion of the rounded particles 20 may be coated with a mateπal For example, a portion of the rounded particles 20 may be coated with a lubricity agent, a lotion and/or an antibacterial agent A lubπcity agent may be added to the rounded particles 20 to reduce the abrasive effect of the particles Other mateπals that may be mixed with or coated on the rounded particles 20 may include, but are not limited to colormg agents, vitamms (such as B complex vitamms and vitamin E), bleachmg agents, drying agents, and unguents A microdermabrasion machme 22 may be used to propel rounded particles 20 agamst a treatment area on a patient's skm 24 Rounded particles 20 may be used to abrade portions of skin 24 and/or remove hair A microdermabrasion machme 22 may be used to remove a portion of the epidermal skm layer 26 (shown m Figure 1), such as the stratum comeum layer A microdermabrasion machme 22 that uses only a vacuum to propel the rounded particles 20 may be well suited to removmg only a portion of the epidermal skin layer 26 A microdermabrasion machme 22 that uses only a vacuum to propel the rounded particles 20 may be used to freshen or tone the skm 24

A microdermabrasion machme 22 may be used to remove the entire epidermal skm layer 26 A microdermabrasion machme 22 may also be used to remove the epidermal layer 26 and a portion of dermal skm layer 28 The dermal skm layer 28 is shown m Figure 1 A microdermabrasion machme 22 that uses a compressed gas and a vacuum to propel rounded particles 20 may be used to remove the epidermal layer skm layer 26 and a portion of the dermal skm layer 28 A microdermabrasion machme 22 that uses a compressed gas and a vacuum to propel rounded particles 20 may be used to treat skin blemishes, tattoos and the like withm the dermal skm layer 28 A microderm-abrasion machine 22 may be used m conjunction with other treatment procedures to treat skm blemishes, tattoos and the like A microdermabrasion machme 22 may be obtamed from Aesthetic Technologies, Inc of Broomfield,

Colorado For example, the Espiπt™ Model 1500 and the Prestige™ Model 2500 machmes may be obtamed from Aesthetic Technologies and used as is descπbed herem Figure 2 shows a representation of an embodiment of a microderm-abrasion machme 22 The machme 22 may mclude instrument panel 30, vacuum pump 32, vacuum pump filter 34, waste receptacle 36, waste lme 38, handpiece 40, supply lme 42, and supply receptacle 44 The machme 22 may optionally mclude heater 46, solenoid valve 48, solenoid valve 50, filter 52, compressed gas source 54, control lme 56, and foot control 58 The instrument panel 30 may mclude switches 60, gauge 62, and control 64

Figure 3 shows a perspective representation of an embodiment of a micro-dermabrasion machme 22 The machine 22 may mclude housing 66, handle 68, tubing 70, and door 72 m addition to the instrument panel 30, the handpiece 40 and the optional control lme 56 and foot control 58 The handle 68 of the machme 22 may allow the machine to be easily positioned at a desired location when the machme is placed on a wheeled instrument carrier The tubing 70 may include a portion of the waste lme 38 and a portion of the supply lme 42 The door 72 may provide access to the working parts of the machme 22, mcludmg the waste receptacle 36 and the supply receptacle 44 A vacuum pump 32 (shown m Figure 2) may be used to draw rounded particles 20 from a supply receptacle 44 to a waste receptacle 36 The vacuum produced by the vacuum pump 32 may be set to a desired level by adjustmg control 64 to mcrease or decrease the amount of air drawn to the vacuum pump through lme 74 The vacuum produced by the vacuum pump 32 during a microdermabrasion procedure may be between about 10 centimeters of mercury and about 50 centimeters of mercury Filter 34 may inhibit small particles from reachmg the vacuum pump 32 The vacuum pump 32 preferably mcludes mtemal filters that inhibit small particles from reachmg the seals and movmg parts of the vacuum pump

A waste receptacle 36 may mclude filter 76 at an end of lme 78 The filter 76 may inhibit used rounded particles 20 and abraded waste material 80 (shown m Figure 1 and Figures 5-7) from bemg drawn to the vacuum pump 32 Waste lme 38 may enter mto the waste receptacle 36 The waste lme 38 conveys used rounded particles 20 and abraded waste material 80 to the waste receptacle 36 The waste receptacle 36 may mclude optional dram 82 The dram 82 allows used abrasive particles and abraded waste material 80 to be removed from the waste receptacle 36 when the drain is opened Alternatively, the waste receptacle 36 may be a disposable unit that is replaceable after each use or after a certain number of uses If the microdermabrasion machme 22 mcludes a compressed gas source 54, solenoid valve 48 may be penodically cycled Cyclmg the solenoid valve 48 may allow a charge of compressed gas to be directed through lme 78 to the filter 76 The charge of compressed gas may clear the filter 76 Solenoid valve 48 may be automatically activated at periodic intervals durmg a microdermabrasion procedure, or the solenoid valve may be manually activated by a user of the microdermabrasion machme 22 In embodiments of microdermabrasion machmes 22 that do not mclude compressed gas sources 54 for propelling rounded particles 20, a separate gas source may be coupled to lme 78 so that a charge of gas may be directed to the filter 76

A handpiece 40 of a microdermabrasion machme 22 may be used to direct rounded particles 20 agamst skm 24 in a treatment area The handpiece 40 may mclude handle 84 and tip 86 A user may gπp the handle 84 and guide the tip 86 of the handpiece 40 over skm 24 within a treatment area The tip 86 of the handpiece 40 may be canted at an angle relative to the handle 84 of the handpiece The tip 86 of the handpiece 40 may include a visual window that allows the operator of the machine to see the treatment area durmg a microdermabrasion procedure The tip 86 of the handpiece 40 may be a disposable unit that can be replaced after each use The handpiece 40 may mclude a safety mechanism that inhibits rounded particles 20 from traveling through the handpiece when the tip 86 of the handpiece is not in contact with a surface, such as a treatment area The handpiece 40 may be attached to the housmg 66 of the machme by tubing 70

Figure 1 shows a cut-away view of a tip 86 of a handpiece 40 that is m contact with skin 24 Supply lme 42 stops withm the handpiece 40 a distance above the skm 24 Rounded particles 20 from supply receptacle 44 are directed through the supply lme 42 and agamst the skm 24 duπng a microdermabrasion procedure Vacuum produced by vacuum pump 32 may draw air and abrasive 25 from the supply contamer 44, through the supply lme 42, to nozzle 87 The nozzle 87 directs the abrasive 25 against the skin 24 through an opening m tip 86 of the handpiece 40 The used rounded particles 20 and abraded material 80 may be drawn to waste lme 38 through an annular space between inner surface of the handpiece 40 and the outer surface of the supply lme 42 As shown schematically m Figure 2, abrasive 25 may be directed from the handpiece 40 to the waste receptacle 36 through the waste lme 38 Arrows shown withm the handpiece 40 m Figure 2 mdicate flow direction of gas and/or particles durmg the microdermabrasion procedure

A supply receptacle 44 (shown in Figure 2) may mclude lid 92, optional heater 46, inlet lme 94 and tube 96 In an embodiment, lid 92 of the supply receptacle 44 is removable Rounded particles 20 and/or abrasive 25 may be poured into the supply receptacle 44 from a bulk supply contamer In other embodiments, top of the supply receptacle 44 may mclude a removable cover over an openmg Additional abrasive 25 may be placed m the supply receptacle 44 through the openmg Alternatively, the supply receptacle 44 may be a prepackaged canister that has a sufficient supply of abrasive 25 to perform a microdermabrasion procedure or a limited number of microdermabrasion procedures A heater 46 may be used to keep the abrasive particles 25 dry Dry particles may be less likely to clump than damp particles The particles 25 may become damp due to contact with moisture m gas that flows mto the supply receptacle 44 through the mlet lme 94

Other materials may be mixed with rounded particles 20 and stored m supply receptacle 44 Such other materials may mclude, but are not limited to other abrasive particles (e g, sand or alummum dioxide), lotions, or antibacterial agents When rounded particles 20 are transported from the supply receptacle 44 and propelled agamst skin 24 durmg a microdermabrasion procedure, the other materials mixed with the rounded particles may also be propelled agamst the skm Alternatively, the other matenals may be coupled to a handpiece 40 by separate transport systems The separate transport systems may propel the other materials agamst the skm 24 duπng a microdermabrasion procedure The separate transport systems may use supply lme 42 and/or waste lme 38 Alternatively, the separate transport systems may be mdependent systems A tube 96 and supply lme 42 may work together to allow rounded particles to be drawn out of the supply receptacle 44 through the supply lme The tube 96 may have openings 98 near a top of the tube The supply lme 42 may be mserted through lid 92 of the supply receptacle 44 into the tube 96 A gap should be left between an end of the supply lme 42 and bottom 100 of the supply receptacle 44 When a vacuum is produced by vacuum pump 32 or when a compressed gas flows through mlet lme 94 and mto the supply receptacle 44, gas may be directed through the openmgs 98 in the tube 96 mto an annular space between the tube and the supply lme 42 The gas may flow mto the supply lme 42 towards handpiece 40 A portion of the rounded particles withm the supply receptacle 44 may be carried by the gas towards the handpiece 40

A microdermabrasion machme 22 may mclude compressed gas source 54 and solenoid valve 50 The compressed gas source 54 may be a compressor that supplies compressed air to supply receptacle 44 Alternatively, the compressed gas source 54 may be a compressed gas cylmder A microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes a compressed gas source 54 may be able to cause more abrasion of skm 24 in a treatment area than can be produced by a microdermabrasion machme that does not mclude a compressed gas source A user of the microdermabrasion machme 22 may control the driving force imparted to rounded particles 20 by the compressed gas with a foot control 58 The compressed gas source 54 or a control mechanism coupled to the compressed gas source may be operatively connected to the foot control 58 by cable 56 The pressure of compressed gas supplied to dπve the rounded particles 20 may range from a little above 0 psi to about 45 psi Typically, the compressed gas pressure duπng a microderm-abrasion procedure would be less than about 30 psi A filter 52 may be located between the compressed gas source 54 and the supply receptacle 44 to inhibit the introduction of contaminants mto the microdermabrasion machme 22 Solenoid valve 50 may allow a microdermabrasion machme 22 that is equipped with a compressed gas source 54 to propel rounded particles 20 with vacuum produced by the vacuum pump 32, or with compressed gas from the compressed gas source and with vacuum produced by the vacuum pump When the solenoid valve 50 is m a first position, an mput side of the solenoid valve 50 may be open to the atmosphere so that air may be drawn through inlet lme 94 to supply receptacle 44 durmg a microdermabrasion procedure When the solenoid valve 50 is m the first position, the microdermabrasion machme 22 may be configured to use only vacuum to propel the rounded particles 20 When the solenoid valve 50 is m a second position, gas from the compressed gas source 54 may flow through mlet lme 94 to the supply receptacle 44 When the solenoid value 50 is m the second position, the rounded particles may be propelled by both the compressed gas and vacuum produced by the vacuum pump 32 To use a microdermabrasion machme 22 to perform a microdermabrasion procedure, an operator may visually check that supply receptacle 44 has a supply of rounded particles 20 and that waste receptacle 36 does not need to be emptied The supply receptacle 44 may contam other material, such as sand, or irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles, in addition to rounded particles 20

After confirming that supply receptacle 44 has rounded particles 20 and that waste receptacle 36 has room to hold used abrasive particles and abraded material 80, an operator may place tip 86 of handpiece 40 agamst a treatment area and turn on microdermabrasion machme 22 The operator may adjust control 64 so that vacuum pump 32 produces a desired amount of vacuum When the vacuum pump 32 produces a vacuum, abrasive particles 25 may be drawn from the supply receptacle 44, through the handpiece 40, and mto contact with skm 24 beneath the tip 86 If the tip 86 of handpiece 40 is not placed agamst a surface, such as skin 24 of a treatment area, air drawn into the tip by the vacuum pump 32 may inhibit abrasive particles from bemg drawn from the supply receptacle 44 If compressed gas is used to propel rounded particles 20 m addition to the vacuum produced by the vacuum pump 32, the operator may use foot control 58 to control how much compressed gas is used to propel the rounded particles

An operator of microdermabrasion machme 22 may move handpiece tip 86 over skm 24 withm a treatment area Rounded particles 20 may abrade and remove portions of the skm 24 The used rounded particles and removed material 80 may be drawn through waste lme 38 by vacuum pump 32 The vacuum pump 32 may remove substantially all of the rounded particles 20 and removed matenal 80 from the skin 24

Rounded particles 20 used durmg a microdermabrasion procedure may mclude glass beads Duπng a test of the effectiveness of glass beads as opposed to irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles as an abrasive, glass beads and irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles were directed agamst pages of a telephone book from the same microdermabrasion machme When the abrasives were propelled by compressed air and removed by a vacuum, the glass beads were observed to be less effective than the aluminum oxide particles at abradmg pages of the phone book When the abrasives were propelled only by vacuum, the glass beads produced significantly less effect than did the irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles The glass beads were estimated to be approximately one third as effective as the irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles when only a vacuum was used to propel the abrasive particles

Figure 4 shows an alternate embodiment of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes housmg 66, instrument panel 30, supply line 42, waste lme 38, control lme 56, handpiece 40, and handpiece holder 102 The control lme 56 may not be needed if the handpiece 40 does not mclude an activation mechanism that controls propulsion of abrasive 25 through the handpiece The housmg 66 may mclude an mteπor compartment that holds components of the microdermabrasion machme 22 As shown schematically m Figures 5, 6, and 7 the microdermabrasion machme 22 may mclude vacuum pump 32, filters 34, 52, 76, supply contamer 44, waste contamer 36, pick-up tube 96, heater 46, and compressor 54 A handpiece 40 may be placed m the handpiece holder 102 when not m use An electrical circuit, or other type of circuit, may be coupled to the handpiece 40 so that the vacuum pump 32 turns on when the handpiece is removed from the holder 102 and so that the vacuum pump turns off when the handpiece is placed m the holder

Figure 5 shows an embodiment of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes a compressor 54 that is electrically controlled by activation of handpiece 40 Control lme 56 is an electrical connection between activation mechanism 104 in handpiece 40 and transducer 106 Transducer 106 may be a switch When the activation mechanism 104 is engaged, the transducer 106 may send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor on When the activation mechanism 104 is disengaged, the transducer 106 may send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor off

Figure 6 shows an embodiment of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes a compressor 54 that is pneumatically controlled by activation of handpiece 40 Control lme 56 is a pneumatic lme that draws a vacuum through activation mechanisms 104 When the activation mechanism 104 is engaged, the transducer 106 registers an mcrease m vacuum The transducer 106 may than send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor on When the activation mechanism is disengaged, the transducer registers a decrease m vacuum The transducer 106 may then send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor off Vacuum reducer 108 may be placed in the control lme 56 to mamtam the vacuum pulled through the lme at a level withm the working range of the transducer 106

As shown m the microdermabrasion machme embodiment of Figure 6, a microdermabrasion machme 22 may include lme 110 that supplies au or gas through solenoid 112 to supply receptacle 44 The solenoid 112 may penodically cycle to direct a charge of air or gas mto the supply receptacle 44 adjacent to tube 96 Drawmg abrasive 25 through the tube 96 may cause the formation of a cone shaped void withm the abrasive adjacent to the tube A periodic charge of air or gas mto the supply receptacle 44 may disrupt formation of the cone adjacent to the tube 96 Lme 110 may supply air from the discharge side of the vacuum pump 32, from compressor 54 (as shown m Figure 6) or from a separate compressor coupled to the microdermabrasion machme 22 Pressure controller 114 may control the pressure applied to the supply receptacle 44 In an alternate embodiment, a solenoid and a control valve are coupled to a vacuum lme, which is coupled to mlet lme 94 The solenoid may be periodically cycled so that a vacuum is drawn withm the supply receptacle 44 The control valve allows gas supply from the compressor or atmosphere to be bypassed durmg a tone when vacuum is bemg drawn withm the supply receptacle The vacuum may disrupt the formation of the cone adjacent to the tube 96

Figure 7 shows an embodiment of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes a compressor 54 that is pneumatically controlled by activation of handpiece 40 Control lme 56 may be a pneumatic lme that applies air flow through activation mechanisms 104 A separate compressor may be coupled to the system to provide a low pressure flow to the control line 56 Alternately, a low pressure flow may be supplied to the control lme 56 from exhaust lme 116 of the vacuum pump 32 Orifice 118 may be coupled to the control lme 56 The oπfice 118 may reduce the consumption of pressurized air from the control lme 56, and the orifice may reduce the pressure of the exhaust lme to near atmospheric pressure An capacitor 120 may also be coupled to the control lme 56 The air capacitor 120 may make the microdermabrasion machme 22 resistant to short term pressure fluctuations that occur when movmg the handpiece 40 over rough or irregular skm When the activation mechanism 104 is engaged, the transducer 106 registers an increase m pressure The transducer 106 may than send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor on When the activation mechanism is disengaged, the transducer registers a decrease m pressure The transducer 106 may then send a signal to the compressor 54 that turns the compressor off

If more abrasion is needed than can be provided by using only the vacuum pump 32 to drive the abrasive 25, an operator of the microdermabrasion machme 22 may engage a system that drives the abrasive with a compressed gas Compressor 54 may supply the compressed gas The compressed gas may be air Alternately, an external gas supply may be coupled to gas supply lme 94 The external gas supply may be a compressed gas cylmder, such as a nitrogen cylmder or an air cylmder, which is coupled to a pressure regulator The system may be engaged by activation mechanism 104 in the handpiece 40 Alternately, the system may be engaged by another type of mechanism, such as a foot pedal 58 (shown m Figure 3) The activation mechanism 104 may be an electrically operated mechanism or a pneumatically operated mechanism The activation mechanism 104 may mclude both an electrically operated mechanism and a pneumatically operated mechanism

Figures 8 and 9 show embodiments of assembled handpieces 40 The handpiece 40 may mclude grip 122 and body 124 The gπp 122 may be a plastic handle that is formed in two pieces The two pieces may snap together around the body 124 The grip 122 may include tubing tabs 126 that engage and keep supply lme 42 and waste lme 38 out of an operator's way The grip 122 may resemble a pistol grip The grip 122 may provide a comfortable structure for an operator to hold during a microdermabrasion procedure The gπp 122 may be ergonomically shaped so that the grip promotes proper positioning of an operator's arm and hand durmg use The gnp 122 may orient the body 124 at a convenient angle for contact with skin 24 of a patient

Figure 8 shows an embodiment of a handpiece 40 that has an electrically operated activation mechanism 104 for controlling compressor 54 Figure 5 shows a schematic diagram of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that may use the type of handpiece 40 shown m Figure 8 The control lme 56 for an electrically operated mechanism may be a flexible tube that encloses a pair of wires The wires may be coupled to electrical contacts 128 on the body 124 Pressing activation mechanism 104 may cause contact agamst the contacts 128 to complete an electrical circuit that engages the compressor 54 Quick connect 130 (shown in Figure 4) may allow the control line 56 to be disconnected so that the handpiece 40 can be cleaned, mamtamed, or replaced As shown m Figure 8, the grip 122 may also mclude recess 132 The recess 132 may engage body protrusion 134 to couple the body 124 to the grip 122

Figure 5 depicts a schematic representation of a microdermabrasion machme 22 that mcludes a handpiece 40 that uses an electrically operated activation mechanism 104 to engage compressor 54, such as the handpiece shown in Figure 8 To engage the compressor 54, an operator pushes activation mechanism 104 with a finger Pushing the activation mechanism 104 may compress a spring and complete an electrical circuit with contacts 128 that causes the compressor 54 to turn on Releasmg the activation mechanism 104 may allow the spring to return to an initial position, break the electrical circuit, and cause the compressor 54 to turn off

Figure 6 and 7 depict schematic representations of microdermabrasion machmes 22 that may use the handpiece 40 shown m Figure 9 Figure 9 shows an embodiment of a handpiece 40 that has two pneumatically engaged activation mechanisms 104 that activate compressor 54 Other embodiments may have only a smgle pneumatically operated mechanism 104, both pneumatic and electπcal activation mechanisms, no activation mechanisms, or more than two activation mechanisms The handpiece 40 may mclude grip 122 and body 124 The gπp 122 may be a plastic handle that is formed m two pieces The pieces may snap together The grip 122 may mclude tabs 126 that engage and keep supply line 42, waste lme 38 and control lme 56 out of an operator's way The control lme 56 may be tubing Covermg both the activation mechanism 104 on the tip 86 and the activation mechanism on the side of the body 124 may be required to engage the compressor 54

A body 124 of a handpiece 40 may be formed of a number of pieces Figure 10 shows an exploded view of a body 124 for a pneumatic controlled handpiece 40 In an embodiment, the pieces mclude boot 136, tube adapter 138, tip body 140, nozzle 87, and tip 86 The pieces of the body 124, or selected pieces of the body, may be reusable Alternately, pieces of the body 124, or selected pieces of the body, may be disposable after a smgle use or after a number of uses Similarly, the grip 122 may be made as a disposable or a reusable component The grip 122, and the pieces of the body 124 may be formed, but are not limited to bemg formed, by molding and/or casting A reusable body or tip may be made of polyesteπmide, polysulfone or other resistant polymer so that the pieces may be sterilized withm an autoclave or by chemical sterilization A disposable body 124 may be made of acrylonitπle-butadiene-styrene (ABS) co-polymer or other suitable polymer

In an embodiment, separate pieces that form the body 124 may be formed by injection moldmg Disposable pieces may be formed of a plastic material such as ABS co-polymer Reusable pieces may be formed of a plastic material such as polysulfone or polyesteπmide The polymers used to form disposable and reusable components may have approximately the same expansion properties so that the same molds may be used to form disposable pieces as well as reusable pieces

Some pieces of a body 124 may be removably coupled together For example, the tip 86 may be removably coupled to the tip body 140 Removably coupled pieces may be coupled together by friction lockmg, protrusion and groove engagement, or by another type of coupling system Other pieces may be non-removably coupled together For example, the tube adapter 138 may be non-removably coupled to the boot 136 Non- removably coupled pieces may be coupled together by glue, sonic welding, or other type of permanent coupling system

A boot 136 may allow supply line 42, waste lme 38, and control lme 56 to be easily connectable to the body 124 The boot 136 may be a reusable component, or the boot may be disposable The tube adapter 138 may couple the boot 136 to the tip body 140 The tip body 140 may be coupled to the tube adapter 138 The nozzle 87 may be press fit mto the tip body 140 The tip 86 may be coupled to the tip body 140 The tip 86 may include structural members 142, which are shown in Figure 11, that support the nozzle 87 when the nozzle is coupled to the tip body 140

The tip body 140 may include feed tube 144 and suction tube 146, as shown in Figures 12 and 13 The feed tube 144 may couple to the supply line 42 and to the nozzle 87 The suction tube 146 may couple to the waste lme 38 The body 124 may also mclude cores 148 The cores 148 may reduce the amount of plastic needed to form the body 124 and inhibit warpage of the body during formation A metallic insert tube 149, which is shown in Figure 14, may be positioned withm the feed tube 144 An insert tube 149 may also be positioned withm suction tube 146 The insert tubes 149 may reduce the abrasion of the body 124 duπng a microdermabrasion procedure The insert tubes 149 may be made of brass or another type of metal An insert tube 149 positioned withm the feed tube 144 may not have the same length or diameter as an insert tube positioned withm the suction tube 146

The body 124 may include a nozzle 87 A disposable nozzle 87 may be made of an abrasion resistant polymer, a cast metal or a plastic with a metal insert A disposable nozzle 87 should be designed so that the nozzle will abrade sufficiently to noticeably impede performance after one use The noticeable impairment of performance may force a user to replace a disposable nozzle 87 after each use A reusable nozzle 87 may be made of tungsten carbide A tungsten carbide nozzle 87 may last for numerous treatments

In an embodiment of a handpiece 40, body 124 may also mclude a contact sensor that registers when tip 86 of the handpiece is placed agamst a surface, such as patient's skm 24 When the tip 86 is placed agamst a surface, contact 150 (shown in Figure 8) at an end of the body 124 may complete an electrical circuit The completion of the circuit and engagement of the activation mechanism 104 by the operator may both be required to engage the compressor 54 In alternate embodiments, contact sensors that register when tips 86 of handpieces 40 are placed against surfaces may be pneumatic sensors, such as activation mechanism 104 in tip 86 of the handpiece embodiment shown in Figure 9 A feed tube 144 and a suction tube 146 of a handpiece 40 may have small volumes The small volumes may allow the handpiece 40 to quickly begin to abrade skm 24 when the handpiece 40 or is positioned agamst the skm and when the microderm-abrasion machine 22 is turned on The small volumes may also allow the vacuum pump 32 to completely empty the tubes 144, 146 when the handpiece 40 is removed from contacting the skin 24 Having the vacuum pump 32 empty the tubes 144, 146 may inhibit abrasive 25 and abraded matter 80 from falling out of the handpiece 40 when the handpiece is removed from contact with the skm 24

Further modifications and alternative embodiments of various aspects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled m the art m view of this description Accordingly, this description is to be construed as illustrative only and is for the purpose of teachmg those skilled in the art the general manner of carrying out the invention It is to be understood that the forms of the mvention shown and described herein are to be taken as examples of embodiments Elements and materials may be substituted for those illustrated and described herein, parts and processes may be reversed, and certain features of the invention may be utilized independently, all as would be apparent to one skilled m the art after havmg the benefit of this description of the invention Changes may be made m the elements described herem without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as described m the following claims

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1 A system for treating skm, compπsmg an abrasive comprising rounded particles, and a machme configured to propel the abrasive agamst the skin during use
2 The system of claim 1 , wherein the rounded particles are sterilized
3 The system of claim 1 , further compπsmg a coating on the rounded particles
4 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises a lubricity agent
5 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises a coloring agent
6 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises a bleaching agent
7 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises a drying agent
8 The system of claim 3, wherem the coating comprises a vitamin
9 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises a lotion
10 The system of claim 3, wherem the coatmg comprises an antibacterial agent
11 The system of claim 1, wherein the abrasive is used to treat stretch marks
12 The system of claim 1, wherein the abrasive is used to treat acne scamng
13 The system of claim 1, wherein the abrasive is used to treat wrinkles
14 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles are hollow
15 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles have a size range distribution between about 25 microns and about 325 microns
16 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles have a size range distribution from about 45 microns to about 90 microns 17 The system of claim 1, wherem the rounded particles have a size range distribution from about 90 microns to about 150 microns
18 The system of claim 1, wherem the rounded particles comprise ceramic material
19 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles comprise glass beads
20 The system of claim 1, wherem the rounded particles comprise aluminum oxide
21 The system of claim 1, wherein the abrasive further comprises irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles
22 The system of claim 1, wherein the abrasive further comprises sand
23 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles comprise spheroidal shaped particles
24 The system of claim 1 , wherem the rounded particles comprise substantially ellipsoidal shaped particles
25 The system of claim 1, wherein the rounded particles comprise substantially cylindrical shaped particles
26 The system of claim 1, wherein the machme further comprises a vacuum pump, and wherein the vacuum pump produces a vacuum that propels the abrasive agamst the skm
27 The system of claim 1, further comprismg a compressed gas lme coupled to the machme, wherem compressed gas within the compressed gas lme propels the abrasive agamst the skm durmg use
28 The system of claim 1, wherem the machine further comprises a compressor, and wherein the compressor is configured to produce compressed air that propels the abrasive agamst the skm durmg use
29 The system of claim 1, wherem the rounded particles abrade a portion of the skm durmg use
30 The system of claim 1, further comprismg an antibacterial agent, and wherem the machine is configured to propel the antibacterial agent agamst the skin duπng use
31 The system of claim 1, further compπsmg a lotion, and wherem the machine is configured to propel the lotion agamst the skin duπng use
32 The system of claim 1, further comprismg a bleachmg agent, and wherem the machme is configured to propel the bleachmg agent agamst the skm durmg use 33 The system of claim 1 , further comprismg a drying agent, and wherein the machme is configured to propel the drying agent agamst the skm durmg use
34 The system of claim 1 , further comprising a second abrasive, the second abrasive havmg a different particle size distribution than the abrasive, and wherem a color of the second abrasive differs from a color of the first abrasive
35 A system for treating skin, comprismg a vacuum pump, a handpiece operatively coupled to the vacuum pump, a storage receptacle coupled to the handpiece by a conduit, a waste receptacle coupled to the handpiece by a conduit, and an abrasive comprismg rounded particles
36 The system of claim 35, wherem the abrasive is storable withm the storage receptacle
37 The system of claim 35, wherein vacuum produced by the vacuum pump draws abrasive from the storage receptacle, through the handpiece, and to the waste receptacle during use, and wherein the handpiece is configured to direct abrasive against the skin durmg use
38 The system of claim 35, wherein the rounded particles comprise glass beads
39 The system of claim 35, wherein the rounded particles comprise ceramic particles
40 The system of claim 35, wherem the abrasive further comprises irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles
41 The system of claim 35, wherein the abrasive further comprises sand
42 The system of claim 35, wherem the rounded particles comprise spheroidal shaped particles
43 The system of claim 35, wherein the rounded particles comprise substantially ellipsoidal shaped particles
44 The system of claim 35, wherem the rounded particles comprise substantially cylindrical shaped particles
45 The system of claim 35, further comprismg a compressed gas lme operatively coupled to the handpiece, wherem compressed gas within the compressed gas lme propels the rounded particles agamst the skm durmg use 46 The system of claim 35, wherein the rounded particles have sizes rangmg between about 25 microns to about 325 microns
47 The system of claim 35, further comprismg an antibacteπal agent, wherein the antibacterial agent is propelled agamst the skin during use
48 The system of claim 35, further comprising a lotion, wherein the lotion is propelled agamst the skm duπng use
49 The system of claim 35, wherein the rounded particles abrade the skm during use
50 The system of claim 35, wherem the rounded particles are hollow
51 The system of claim 35, further comprismg a second abrasive, the second abrasive havmg a different particle size distribution than the abrasive, and wherein a color of the second abrasive differs from a color of the first abrasive
52 A system for treating skm, comprising an abrasive, a gas line, a receptacle coupled to the gas lme, the receptacle configured to store the abrasive, and a handpiece coupled to the receptacle by a conduit
53 The system of claim 52, wherein gas that flows through the gas lme is configured to entrain a portion of abrasive stored within the receptacle, and ttansport the portion of abrasive to the handpiece, and wherem the handpiece is configured to direct abrasive against the skm during use
54 The system of claim 52, further comprising a vacuum lme operatively coupled to the handpiece, wherem vacuum supplied by the vacuum line is used to draw the rounded particles to a waste receptacle
55 The system of claim 52, wherein the rounded particles are hollow
56 The system of claim 52, wherem the rounded particles comprise glass beads
57 The system of claim 52, wherem the rounded particles comprise spheroidal shaped particles
58 The system of claim 52, further comprismg an antibacterial agent, wherem the antibacterial agent is propelled agamst the skm during use 59 The system of claim 52, further compπsmg a lotion, wherem the lotion is propelled agamst the skm duπng use
60 The system of claim 52, wherem the gas comprises air
61 An abrasive for use m a machme that propels the abrasive agamst skm, comprismg rounded particles, and a coatmg on the rounded particles
62 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the rounded particles comprise ceramic particles
63 The abrasive of claim 61, wherein the rounded particles are hollow
64 The abrasive of claim 61, wherein the rounded particles comprise glass beads
65 The system of claim 61, wherein the abrasive further comprises irregularly shaped alummum oxide particles
66 The system of claim 61, wherem the abrasive further comprises sand
67 The abrasive of claim 61 , wherem the rounded particles comprise spheroidal shaped particles
68 The abrasive of claim 61, wherein the rounded particles comprise substantially cylindrical shaped particles
69 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the rounded particles are sterilized
70 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises a lubricity agent
71 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises a coloring agent
72 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises a bleaching agent
73 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises a drying agent
74 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises a vitamin
75 The abrasive of claim 61 , wherem the coatmg comprises a lotion 76 The abrasive of claim 61, wherem the coatmg comprises an antibacterial agent
77 The abrasive of claim 61, further comprismg alummum oxide particles mixed with the rounded particles
78 The abrasive of claim 61, further comprismg a bleaching agent mixed with the rounded particles
79 The abrasive of claim 61, further comprismg a drying agent mixed with the rounded particles
80 The abrasive of claim 61, further comprismg a vitamin mixed with the rounded particles
81 The abrasive of claim 61 , further comprismg lotion mixed with the rounded particles
82 The abrasive of claim 61, further comprismg an antibacterial agent mixed with the rounded particles
83 An abrasive for use m a machine that propels the abrasive agamst skm, comprismg rounded particles mixed with sharp-edged particles
84 The abrasive of claim 83, wherem the rounded particles comprise glass beads
85 The abrasive of claim 83, wherem the rounded particles are hollow
86 The abrasive of claim 83, wherem the sharp-edged particles comprise aluminum oxide particles
87 The abrasive of claim 83, wherem the sharp-edged particles comprise sand particles
88 The abrasive of claim 83, wherem the sharp-edged particles comprise glass particles
89 A method of treating skm, comprismg propelling rounded particles agamst the skm
90 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles compπse glass beads
91 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles comprise ceramic material
92 The method of claim 89, wherein the rounded particles are hollow
93 The method of claim 89, further comprismg mixing the rounded particles with aluminum oxide particles prior to propelling the rounded particles agamst the skm 94 The method of claim 89, further comprismg mixing the rounded particles with sand particles prior to propelling the rounded particles agamst the skm
95 The method of claim 89, wherein the rounded particles comprise spheroidal shaped particles
96 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles comprise substantially ellipsoidal shaped particles
97 The method of claim 89, wherein the rounded particles comprise substantially cylmdrical shaped particles
98 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles have sizes between about 25 microns and about
325 microns
99 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles have a size range distribution from about 50 microns to about 180 microns
100 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles have a size range distribution from about 90 microns to about 150 microns
101 The method of claim 89, wherem propelling rounded particles agamst the skm comprises moving the rounded particles with a vacuum so that the rounded particles contact the skm
102 The method of claim 89, wherem propelling rounded particles agamst the skm comprises movmg the rounded particles with a compressed gas so that the rounded particles contact the skm
103 The method of claim 102, wherein the gas is air
104 The method of claim 102, wherem the gas is nitrogen
105 The method of claim 89, further comprismg propelling an antibacterial agent agamst the skm
106 The method of claim 89, further comprismg propelling a lotion agamst the skm
107 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles are used to treat stretch marks
108 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles are used to treat acne scamng
109 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles are used to treat wrinkles
110 The method of claim 89, wherem the rounded particles are coated 111 The method of claim 110, wherem the coatmg comprises a vitamm
112 The method of claim 110, wherem the coatmg comprises a lubricity agent
113 The method of claim 110, wherein the coatmg comprises a coloring agent
114 The method of claim 110, wherein the coatmg comprises an antibacterial agent
PCT/US2000/032692 1999-12-01 2000-12-01 Skin abrasion system and method WO2001039675A1 (en)

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US60/168,417 1999-12-01
US20353900 true 2000-05-10 2000-05-10
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US60/203,539 2000-05-10
US60/203,541 2000-05-10

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US7211440B2 (en) 2002-03-08 2007-05-01 Wallac Oy Dissociative fluorescence enhancement assay

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