WO2001029329A1 - Hydraulic actuator - Google Patents

Hydraulic actuator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2001029329A1
WO2001029329A1 PCT/SE2000/002013 SE0002013W WO0129329A1 WO 2001029329 A1 WO2001029329 A1 WO 2001029329A1 SE 0002013 W SE0002013 W SE 0002013W WO 0129329 A1 WO0129329 A1 WO 0129329A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
piston
chamber
appliance
actuator
casing
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE2000/002013
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Lennart Axelsson
Original Assignee
Vreten Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE9903794A priority Critical patent/SE517549C2/en
Priority to SE9903794-7 priority
Application filed by Vreten Ab filed Critical Vreten Ab
Publication of WO2001029329A1 publication Critical patent/WO2001029329A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B15/00Fluid-actuated devices for displacing a member from one position to another; Gearing associated therewith
    • F15B15/08Characterised by the construction of the motor unit
    • F15B15/14Characterised by the construction of the motor unit of the straight-cylinder type
    • F15B15/1423Component parts; Constructional details
    • F15B15/1476Special return means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/76Graders, bulldozers, or the like with scraper plates or ploughshare-like elements; Levelling scarifying devices
    • E02F3/7609Scraper blade mounted forwardly of the tractor on a pair of pivoting arms which are linked to the sides of the tractor, e.g. bulldozers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F9/00Component parts of dredgers or soil-shifting machines, not restricted to one of the kinds covered by groups E02F3/00 - E02F7/00
    • E02F9/20Drives; Control devices
    • E02F9/22Hydraulic or pneumatic drives
    • E02F9/2217Hydraulic or pneumatic drives with energy recovery arrangements, e.g. using accumulators, flywheels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B1/00Installations or systems with accumulators; Supply reservoir or sump assemblies
    • F15B1/02Installations or systems with accumulators
    • F15B1/021Installations or systems with accumulators used for damping
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B15/00Fluid-actuated devices for displacing a member from one position to another; Gearing associated therewith
    • F15B15/08Characterised by the construction of the motor unit
    • F15B15/14Characterised by the construction of the motor unit of the straight-cylinder type
    • F15B15/1409Characterised by the construction of the motor unit of the straight-cylinder type with two or more independently movable working pistons

Abstract

The invention relates to a hydraulic actuator (3) with a casing (10), a piston (12) which is movable in the casing and divides it into a first chamber (18) and a second chamber (16), and a piston rod (14) fixedly connected with the piston (12). Moreover the piston is movable towards an abutment surface (30) which is adapted to take up, against spring action, part of the weight of the appliance when the appliance (2) is in the second lowered position. Preferably the actuator has a second piston (22) which runs along the piston rod (14) and which is adapted to divide the first chamber into a third chamber (18a) and a fourth chamber (18b), a surface of said second piston facing the first piston constituting said abutment surface (30). The actuator is intended to be used to operate a vertically adjustable appliance which is mounted on a vehicle.

Description

Figure imgf000002_0001
s: ≤ 10. T fD TJ SD SD C SD rt SD SD H o r H- TJ SD SD rr H cr rt rt

H H- cr H rt h-1 a H H n tr a a a tr tr a h in TJ tr a ^ 0 0 rr rt H- fD fD O fD fD rt rt fD α in SD fD H SD TJ fD hi tr tr o 0) to . CO aj c - rt to H s: 3 cr tr rt to TJ SD JD o 0 fD u* Hi tr fD a H m tr (D fD - rr rt C- > 0 Hi Si H t SD H rt H SD c X SD fD H- fD ω CO S H H- SD a ι-3 'ή tr tr s: H H Hi fD < aj SD a a- 0 tr CO rt rt a ri rt a 0 n a SU tr H fD (D " a fD TJ CO SD fD Ω fD H fD H- fD CO o SD n c tr O Si o fD (D fD H to CO a H ?r SD a 0 a cr rt SD rt fD a 0 h- '

UQ iQ a to fD 0 c o fD Q n H SD H m Hi SD fD ω n tr rr 0 SD a TJ Si hj 0 cr n SD fD H rt a q H rt fD H SD fD H ^ tr Hi a a H

O O to 3 fD tr IQ fi SD 0 c <! SD < tr rr a TJ C a a O CO fϋ n fD fD o c c C- (D H fD SD H c SD fD TJ fD fD * in H fD α in H m SD rt fD o to Hi

3 3 n rt 3 J h" CT fD a rr a rt a H fD to fD a H H a SD tr Si rt fD α α. o to fD TJ a ; α O rt fD rt a Hi rt a 0 SD m 0 a &. TJ fD H a rt fD H α H TJ CO SD H H sx H in o H O Hi a c TJ cr 0 rt tr cr CO rt a rt SD > O 0 SD 0 a rt a o SD SD ^ a fD

^ cn C cr H- H SD a rt a O O 3 tr r H 0 H n H

Hi Hi i ^ rt P) r <! SD ft CO 0 0 H- H fD tr rt a CO SD rt SD ≤ a M

H C- rt a- a tr fD H SD H a a rt 0 (D H tr cr rt CD a c H- < a rt rt h-1 H- rt fD n fD tr IQ si SD D a in tr TJ <! ^ SD n n SD < rt CD w tr n 0 a^ to fD H- fD fD to n fD fD H O H rt n 0 fD rt fD tr a fD fD ^ a fD fD to CQ o CO 0 rt tu n Hi CO SD ≤ H rt a 0 tr rt a α

0 to H -J a C r rt rt T H rt CO fD 0 rt Si H i H- SD H rt

TJ ≤ C • J rt SD O (D c H H SD fD fD t H X 0 H- CO to s: CO n a o H- hi H ω TJ fD fD o TJ 3 H C - H fD rt ω fD ω fD a a fD H -1 cr i— a 0 fD σ CD rt in H- a 0 rt 0 0 fD fD SD a 1!

IT1 cn s; a fD to fD fD SD CO s; TJ 0 SD rt

H to z tr s; c rr TJ hi M cn fD fD IQ c: H r SD TJ H- H a ^ a (D to a fD rt z. TJ fD n

C P H J Ξ n fD fD rt CO a H- ^ rt H fD H in CO fD a 0 SD H - 0 SD CO TJ n tr rt r n α a n Hi rt Hi tr H- 0 tr 0 rt c tr CD 0 fD tr H SD fD tr X rt SD fD fD - Hi a fD SD r n rt cr Qi fD fD tr SD 0 rt 0 Hi rt a H a tr rt 0 H a fD H

H ^ H SD H n SD <! 0 c H- - o a fD tr TJ m in TJ Ω SD SD o to to 0 TJ 0 TJ to rt TJ fD LQ n fD K c fD fD SD H tr hi 0 0 T fD S >

=> c a TJ a" SD TJ • SD t SD 0 in n CO CO rt 0 CO a Hi TJ rt H rt H Q fD fD to SD tr rt fD TJ Hi rt . c H rt H- h-1 s: 0 o

0 rr tr rt H hj H rt H < t TJ D n H H 0 a rt SD h{ H tr ?d

O r rt M tr SD 0 H H SD fD SD »<; TJ fD r 0 CO H a H H- n O SD H- SD

O to fD a SD SD a H CO

H- o o a tr a rt tr

H o rt rt 3 n m e Si o n fD rt H D s: O rt ≤ a fD SD 3 o tr ^

H rr PJ m fD £ rt fD O 0 SD H- a ϋ rt tr ^

H a ζ hi fD f 3 a 0 CO I-1 0 a Hi rt fD O P SD H- SD H

SD H- 0 to 0 H SD H fD a SD o 0 H- tr a tr o n P rt H- H CO hj rt a a c to ; £ C

*• fD n H SD SD tr rt H- a tr to CO SD rt O 0 a H- fD o aj TJ SD t . SD to rt a c CO fD h" ς. fD 0 £ ft a H hi H ri rt rt rr i a " ^ tr 0 & μ SD ≤ SD 3 a m LQ n 0 rt D fD fD Hi CD O rt

Hi tr TJ rt TJ P- S rt - a" o rt H- tr h H fD fD ' <! to rt M α n SD H 0 hi H

1— cr TJ <! fD

TJ rt n tr SD SD tr TJ rr 3 j fD n SD o SD 3

H π 0 h- ' • CD H Si rt r rt o c 0 SD H- tr CO cr O CO CD D

H o a 0 C fD tr rt cr α S r a fD fD fD iQ 0 t M -1 rt <! O CO fD H h-j fD n O H rt - to rt a" O rt SD

0 fD m o fD rt rt fD

X P c (i

H O CO fD O o 0 a- ≤

SD CO cr

?T • 3 α tr H c

H- H 1 fD to 3 fD fD a SD a fD o SD O fD fD

1 fD 1 a p 1

ground, for instance a gravel road or a lawn, can be damaged. In particular regarding snow ploughs, one reason for the problem is that the clearance work to an increasing extent is carried out by contractors with a small, non-specialised vehicle, for instance a tractor, on which a detachable ploughshare is mounted when needed. These relatively mobile vehicles can be driven in places where larger, more permanently equipped snow ploughs cannot be driven, such as narrow roads, footpaths, parks etc. In these places, the ground is often more sensitive to the scraping effect of the ploughshare, which means the above problem will be extremely pronounced. A tractor with a ploughshare which could clear the snow from a relatively narrow path may be prevented from doing so owing to the risk of the ploughshare completely destroying the path.

Summary of the Invention

The object of the present invention is to solve the above problem and enable a reduction of the pressure exerted to the ground by an appliance by its own weight.

This object is achieved by a device of the type defined by way of introduction, which is characterised in that the piston is movable towards an abutment surface which is adapted to take up, against spring action, part of the weight of the appliance when the appliance is in the second lowered position.

Thus, it is still the weight of the appliance that causes the pressure on the ground, but this pressure is reduced by the abutment surface taking up against spring action at least part of the weight of the appliance. The spring action allows the appliance to follow the contour of the ground within given limits. In a cavity, the appliance can go down, thereby additionally reducing its weight on the ground, and on an elevation the appliance can be pressed upwards, thereby additionally reducing its weight on the ground. According to a preferred embodiment, the actuator comprises a second piston which runs along the piston rod and which is adapted to divide the first chamber into a third chamber between said first and second pistons and a fourth chamber between said second piston and the first end of the casing, a surface of said second piston facing said first piston constituting said abutment surface. By this second piston being freely movable along the piston rod independently of the first piston, the abutment sur- face can be spring-loaded quite independently of the raising function of the first piston.

According to an embodiment of the invention, a first duct is arranged to connect the third chamber with a hydraulic system, and a second duct is arranged to con- nect the fourth chamber with an accumulator which is adapted to produce said spring action. The first duct comprises, for instance, a longitudinal bore in the piston rod, which has a first opening adjacent to the piston and a second opening outside the casing. The fact that separate ducts lead to the respective chambers makes it possible to control the pressure in the chambers independently of each other. By the first duct extending in the piston rod, with an opening close to the first piston, it is ensured that the hydraulic system is always in communication with the third chamber, independently of the position of the two chambers.

The accumulator preferably contains a compressible fluid, preferably gas, which can be pressurised to the desired level. After the accumulator, and thus the fourth chamber, has been pressurised with a suitable pressure for the specific application, the appliance can, by a pressure change in the third chamber, be moved between the raised and the lowered position. The spring force acting on the ground is maintained during raising as well as lowering. Thus the accumulator acts pretty much like an inflated cushion, which reduces the pressure exerted by the appliance to the ground to the correct level. Brief Description of the Drawings

The present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which by way of exemplification show preferred embodiments of the invention.

Fig. la shows a vehicle with an appliance in a first lowered position.

Fig. lb shows the vehicle in Fig. la with the appliance in a second raised position. Fig. 2a shows an actuator according to an embodiment of the invention, in a first extracted position.

Fig. 2b shows the actuator in Fig. 2a in a second, retracted position.

Fig. 3 shows generally how the actuator in Figs 2a-b is connected with the hydraulic system.

Description of a Preferred Embodiment In the example shown in Figs la, lb, the vehicle is a tractor 1 and the appliance is a ploughshare 2. The ploughshare 2 is in known manner vertically adjustable by the action of a hydraulic actuator 3.

According to the preferred embodiment, the actuator 3 is a hydraulic actuator, with a piston which is adapted, by fluid pressure on one side, to be pressed into the cylinder.

A hydraulic actuator according to an embodiment of the invention is shown in Figs 2a and 2b. In a casing in the form of a cylinder 10, a piston 12 with a fixedly connected piston rod 14 is arranged, the piston dividing the cylinder into two chambers 16, 18, one on each side of the piston 12. The piston rod 14 extends from the piston 12, through one chamber 18, and out through an opening 20 in one end 10a of the cylinder 10. A second piston 22 is adapted to be movable along the piston rod 14 between the first piston 12 and the first end 10a of the cylinder. The chamber 18 is thus divided into two smaller chambers 18a, 18b, one on each side of the second piston 22. An inlet 23 is formed at the end 10a of the cylinder which opens into the chamber 18b. The piston rod 14 is formed with a duct 24 whose first opening 26 opens into the chamber 18a which is positioned between the pistons 12 and 22 and whose second opening 28 opens outside the cylinder 10. This duct 24 can thus be used to introduce a fluid into the chamber 18a. The duct 24 is in the example shown a bore positioned close to the centre axis A of the piston rod 14. The second piston 22 has a surface 30, which, when the first piston 12 is moved towards the second piston 22, abuts against the first piston 12. The abutment surface 30 is separated a distance from the sealing area 32 of the piston 12 against the cylinder 10, so that the chamber 18a has a predetermined minimum volume when the pistons 12 and 22 are brought into contact with each other. The first opening 26 of the duct 24 is positioned between the abutment surface 30 and the sealing area 32. The outer opening 28 of the duct 24 and the inlet 23 are via lines 35, 37 connected to a valve means 36, such as a slide valve, which in turn is connected to a hydraulic system 38, for instance the existing hydraulic system of the tractor. The hydraulic system 38 has an operating means 39 to increase or reduce the pressure in the sys- tem.

The valve means 36 is adapted to selectively connect the chamber 18a or the chamber 18b with the hydraulic system 38. For example, the valve means 36 consists of two two-way directional control valves 33, 34, prefer- ably seat valves, which are operable between three different positions. In a first position, the first valve 33 is open and the second valve 34 is closed, whereby the hydraulic system 38 communicates with the chamber 18b. In a second position, the first valve 33 is closed and the second valve 34 is open, whereby the hydraulic system 38 communicates with the chamber 18a. In a third position, both valves are open, the chambers 18a and 18b communicating with each other and with the hydraulic system 38.

An accumulator is connected along the line 35 between the chamber 18b and the valve means 36. The accumulator is adapted to allow against spring action the introduction of a pressurised fluid. Spring action is obtained in the shown example by the accumulator comprising a chamber 41 with compressible gas, for instance nitrogen gas, and a chamber 42 which is connected to the fluid in the line 35. The chambers a separated by a partition 43, for example a rubber diaphragm. Alternatively, the accumulator could comprise a spring means which is adapted to be compressed against fluid pressure.

The function of the device will be described below. The steps as described and their relative order are selected to render the function of the device clear. According to the circumstances, one or more steps can be omitted, and the sequential order can be varied.

First, the valve means 36 is actuated to its second position, so that merely the chamber 18a is connected to the hydraulic system 38, whereupon the operating means 39 is opened. The chamber 18a is in this position not pressurised and the ploughshare 2 is pressed by its own weight down to the position shown in Fig. la. At the same time the actuator 3 is made to take the position shown in Fig. 2a, where the piston 12 abuts against the abutment surface 30 of the piston 22.

Subsequently the valve means 36 can be placed in its third position to connect the two chambers 18a and 18b with the hydraulic system 38. Both chambers can thus be ventilated by the action of the operating means 39. In this fashion, the system is "reset", both chambers 18a and 18b being pressurised at a common pressure relatively close to atmospheric, and the entire weight of the ploughshare 2 resting on the ground.

The valve means 36 is then placed in its first position, so that merely the chamber 18b is connected to the hydraulic system, and the pressure in the chamber 18b is controlled with the aid of the operating means 39. As the pressure P in the chamber 18b is being increased, the force FI exerted by the piston 22 on the piston 12 increases. This force FI corresponds to a reduction of the force F2 exerted by the ploughshare on the ground. Depending on how the ploughshare is connected with the piston rod 14, the exact relationship between the force FI and the force F2 on the ground may vary, but the greater the force FI the lesser the force F2.

At the same time as the pressure P in the chamber 18b is being increased, and the weight of the ploughshare on the ground decreases, the gas in the chamber 41 of the accumulator 40 is compressed, and it may be said that the spring action of the accumulator is precharged.

The pressure P in the chamber 18b is increased until the force F2 on the ground is assessed to be appropriate. This assessment can be made by an operator monitoring how the appliance and the ground interact, for instance to which extent the appliance presses down the ground.

Alternatively, the accumulator pressure can be related, e.g. by a graduated pressure transducer (not shown), to absolute values of the force F2 on the ground, in which case the operator can set a value of the force F2 which is predetermined for the ground.

When the pressure in the chamber 18b has been set at a suitable level, the valve means 36 is placed in the second position, so that merely the chamber 18a is connected to the hydraulic system. The ploughshare 2 can now be raised and lowered with the aid of the operating means

39.

To raise the ploughshare 2, the operating means 39 is used to increase the pressure in the chamber 18a so that the pistons 12 and 22 are pressed apart. The pres- sure in the chamber 18b also increases since the ground does not take up part of the weight of the ploughshare any longer. The piston 22 is therefore pressed further

Figure imgf000009_0001

TJ

0

3 m tr

CO tr u hj fD t

3

0 hi fD

Hi

H- h{

3 -J

^

SD in

SD OD

F- a cn rt rt tr fD

IQ hi

0

3 a α

Figure imgf000009_0002

Claims

1. A hydraulic actuator (3) in connection with an appliance (2) which is intended to be advanced by a vehicle (1) , which appliance (2) is movable by means of the actuator (3) between a first raised position, in which the appliance is out of contact with a base, the ground (4) , and a second lowered position, in which the appliance is in contact with the ground and is pressed against the ground by its own weight, said actuator comprising a casing (10) with two ends (10a, 10b) , a piston (12) which is movable in the casing and divides it into a first chamber (18) between the first end of the casing and the piston, and a second chamber (16) between the piston and the second end (10b) of the casing, and a piston rod (14) fixedly connected with the piston (12) and extending from the piston (12) through the first chamber and out of the casing (10) , the piston rod end located outside the casing being connected with the appliance (2) , c ha r a c t e r i s e d in that the piston is movable towards an abutment surface (30) which is adapted to take up part of the weight of the appliance against spring action when the appliance (2) is in the second lowered position.
2. A hydraulic actuator (3) according to claim 1, wherein spring action is produced by a pressurised, compressible fluid, preferably gas.
3. A hydraulic actuator (3) according to claim 1 or
2, further comprising a second piston (12) which runs along the piston rod
(14) and which is adapted to divide the first chamber into a third chamber (18a) between said first and second pistons (12, 22) and a fourth chamber (18b) between said second (22) piston and the first end (10a) of the casing, a surface of said second piston facing said first piston constituting said abutment surface (30) .
4. An actuator according to claim 3, further comprising a first duct (24) which is arranged to connect the third chamber (18a) with a hydraulic system (38) , and a second duct (23) which is arranged to connect the fourth chamber (18b) with an accumulator (40) which is adapted to produce said spring action.
5. An actuator according to claim 4, wherein said first duct comprises a longitudinal bore (24) in the piston rod (14) , which has a first opening adjacent to the piston (12) and a second opening outside the casing (10) .
6. An actuator according to claims 3-5, wherein the accumulator (40) contains a compressible fluid, preferably gas .
7. An actuator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the appliance is a ploughshare (2).
8. A vehicle (1) provided with an actuator (3) according to any one of the preceding claims.
PCT/SE2000/002013 1999-10-19 2000-10-18 Hydraulic actuator WO2001029329A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE9903794A SE517549C2 (en) 1999-10-19 1999-10-19 Hydraulic power tool for a tool intended to be driven by vehicles
SE9903794-7 1999-10-19

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU11832/01A AU1183201A (en) 1999-10-19 2000-10-18 Hydraulic actuator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001029329A1 true WO2001029329A1 (en) 2001-04-26

Family

ID=20417433

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE2000/002013 WO2001029329A1 (en) 1999-10-19 2000-10-18 Hydraulic actuator

Country Status (3)

Country Link
AU (1) AU1183201A (en)
SE (1) SE517549C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2001029329A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103758817A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-04-30 王建虎 Supporting cylinder and spackling machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3893518A (en) * 1974-03-11 1975-07-08 Frink Sno Plows Blade rotating, blade tripping and shock absorbing hydraulic cylinder for scraper-type snow plows
GB2016980A (en) * 1978-01-31 1979-09-26 B & G Hydraulics Ltd Apparatus for operating hydraulic rams
US4320589A (en) * 1978-05-26 1982-03-23 Andrea Pelazza Snowplow apparatus
US4622884A (en) * 1981-04-10 1986-11-18 Buchl Andrew F Floating piston depth control apparatus
US5921010A (en) * 1997-02-12 1999-07-13 Little Falls Machine, Inc. Flow blade operating system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3893518A (en) * 1974-03-11 1975-07-08 Frink Sno Plows Blade rotating, blade tripping and shock absorbing hydraulic cylinder for scraper-type snow plows
GB2016980A (en) * 1978-01-31 1979-09-26 B & G Hydraulics Ltd Apparatus for operating hydraulic rams
US4320589A (en) * 1978-05-26 1982-03-23 Andrea Pelazza Snowplow apparatus
US4622884A (en) * 1981-04-10 1986-11-18 Buchl Andrew F Floating piston depth control apparatus
US5921010A (en) * 1997-02-12 1999-07-13 Little Falls Machine, Inc. Flow blade operating system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103758817A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-04-30 王建虎 Supporting cylinder and spackling machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SE9903794L (en) 2001-04-20
SE9903794D0 (en) 1999-10-19
AU1183201A (en) 2001-04-30
SE517549C2 (en) 2002-06-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR101583175B1 (en) Vibration-suppression device for railway vehicle
Lenhard et al. On the correspondence between Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten models
CA1079157A (en) Surface controlled sub-surface safety valve
US4250794A (en) High pressure hydraulic system
JP4808996B2 (en) Hydraulic cylinder with snubbing valve
US4286432A (en) Lock valve with variable length piston and hydraulic system for a work implement using the same
CA1062238A (en) Apparatus for depth control of suspended objects
US5709248A (en) Internal accumulator for hydraulic systems
US7194856B2 (en) Hydraulic system having IMV ride control configuration
US4588171A (en) Shock absorber and air spring assembly
US7234386B2 (en) Three chamber hydraulic cylinder for an active vehicle suspension with integrated load leveling
US4777800A (en) Static head charged hydraulic accumulator
EP2676533A1 (en) Agricultural implement
FI74577B (en) Vaend- och instaellningsmekanism.
CA2818209A1 (en) Position and pressure depth control system for an agricultural implement
JP3672308B2 (en) Artificial joint with hydraulic buffer cylinder
CA1160541A (en) Regenerative and anticavitation hydraulic system for an excavator
US7325398B2 (en) Closed circuit energy recovery system for a work implement
US5161817A (en) Fluid-operated leveling valve systems
US4923362A (en) Bucket leveling system with dual fluid supply
US4497369A (en) Hydraulic control of subsea well equipment
EP1961694B1 (en) Wheeled loader having a loader arm assembly.
US9206583B2 (en) Void protection system
EP0903463A3 (en) Formation fracturing and gravel packing tool
CA2413361A1 (en) Supply and tire pressure sensing apparatus and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW MZ SD SL SZ TZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AE AG AL AM AT AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY BZ CA CH CN CR CU CZ CZ DE DE DK DK DM DZ EE EE ES FI FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MA MD MG MK MN MW MX MZ NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SE SG SI SK SK SL TJ TM TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VN YU ZA ZW

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: JP