WO2001024159A1 - Tactile guide marks for stringed musical instruments - Google Patents

Tactile guide marks for stringed musical instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2001024159A1
WO2001024159A1 PCT/AU2000/001172 AU0001172W WO0124159A1 WO 2001024159 A1 WO2001024159 A1 WO 2001024159A1 AU 0001172 W AU0001172 W AU 0001172W WO 0124159 A1 WO0124159 A1 WO 0124159A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
neck
indicator
musical instrument
musical
indicators
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU2000/001172
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Shane Hoy
David Ian Dahl
Original Assignee
Razemark International Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPQ3091A priority Critical patent/AUPQ309199A0/en
Priority to AUPQ3091 priority
Application filed by Razemark International Pty Ltd filed Critical Razemark International Pty Ltd
Priority claimed from AU77630/00A external-priority patent/AU7763000A/en
Publication of WO2001024159A1 publication Critical patent/WO2001024159A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10GAIDS FOR MUSIC; SUPPORTS FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; OTHER AUXILIARY DEVICES OR ACCESSORIES FOR MUSIC OR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10G1/00Means for the representation of music
    • G10G1/02Chord or note indicators, fixed or adjustable, for keyboard of fingerboards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/06Necks; Fingerboards, e.g. fret boards

Abstract

Tactile finger position indicators (111, 211, 311) are fitted to the neck (112) of a musical instrument (e.g. a guitar 10) to indicate the respective positions of selected frets (115) on the neck (112). The indicators (111) enable a musical training system for the fingering of the musical instrument (10) to be taught.

Description

TITLE: TACTILE GUIDE MARKS FOR STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1 . Field of the Invention

THIS INVENTION relates to improvements in musical

instruments.

The invention is particularly suitable for, but not limited

to, stringed instruments with necks, including guitars (both acoustic

and electric), banjoes, mandolins, violins, violas, cellos and basses

and the like. The invention relates to tactile position indicators on the

musical instrument necks; methods for providing the indicators; and a

music training method using the indicators.

2. Prior Art

Musical teachers often find that students encounter

difficulty in determining the correct position(s) for their finger(s) on

the necks of their instruments to play given notes or chords.

Guitars are usually provided with visual markers (eg.,

dots painted or printed on the faces of the necks) but these are

useless for blind or dyslexic musicians; and even for professional

musicians playing in darkened venues, who cannot see the visual

indicators, and who wish to play looking at the crowd.

Enhanced visual indicators, provided in or on the necks

of stringed instruments, have been disclosed in JP 09-006331 A

(Casio Computer Co. Ltd) ; WO 90/02396 (Optek Music Systems), and US 4807509 (Graham) . The first and third documents disclose

arrangements where lights indicate the finger positions, while the

second document discloses an arrangement where a fingering display

apparatus includes a number of electrical switches manually operable

to designate a desired musical note.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a tactile

finger position indicator system for musical instruments.

It is a preferred object to provide a tactile indicator

system which does not adversely affect the playing of the instrument.

It is a further preferred object to provide an indicator

system which can be incorporated into new instruments or be easily

retro-fitted to existing instruments.

It is a still further preferred object to provide a system

which is inexpensive.

It is a still further preferred object to provide one or more

simple methods for applying the system to new, or existing, musical

instruments.

It is a still further preferred object to provide a musical

training method using the system.

Other preferred objects will become apparent from the

following description.

In one aspect, the present invention resides in a tactile finger position indicator system for musical instruments including at

least one projection or protrusion and/or recess at one or more

selected locations on a neck of a stringed musical instrument.

The projections or protrusions may include one or more

raised projections, eg pins, buttons, strips, preferably no more than

5mm high and no less than 0.1 mm high. The recesses may include

holes, slots, grooves, cuts or the like, preferably no more than 1 0mm

deep.

The indicators, ie., projections/protrusions/recesses may

be provided along one, or both, sides of the neck and/or on the rear

face of the neck.

For a guitar, the indicators may be provided to indicate

where the third, fifth, seventh, ninth, twelfth and fifteenth frets are

located on the neck.

The musicians' fingers can slide along the neck and feel

where the designated frets are, to indicate the position(s) of the

fingers on the neck.

In a second aspect, the present invention resides in a

method for providing at least one tactile finger position indicator on a

neck of a musical instrument, including the steps of:

(a) placing a drilling jig having at least one locating

hole on the neck at a desired location;

(b) drilling a hole into the neck using a drilling bit passing through one of the locating holes in the drilling jig; and

(c) inserting a shank of the indicator into the drilled

hole, the indicator having a head forming a projection from the neck

of the musical instrument.

Two or more of the indicators can be fitted at a desired

location by repeating steps (b) and (c) .

In a third aspect, the present invention resides in a

method for providing at least one tactile finger position indicator on a

neck of a musical instrument, including the step of:

applying a length of tape to the neck at the desired

location, the tape having a body of a first material, covering, or

having embedded therein, a length of a second material operable to

cause a portion of the body to project from the neck.

The second material may include a planar or convex

strip, a filament, length of cord or the like.

In a fourth aspect, the present invention resides in a

method of musical training where selected locations on the neck of

the musical instrument are indicated by the indicator system of the

first aspect, or by the system produced by the method of the second

or third aspect.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

To enable the invention to be fully understood, a

preferred embodiment will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG . 1 is a perspective view of an electric guitar;

FIG. 2 is an isometric view of a guitar neck provided with

a first embodiment of the indicator system of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a front view corresponding to FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a drilling jig used to install

the indicator system;

FIG. 5 is an end view showing the jig in use;

FIG . 6 is a similar view showing an indicator being driven

into the neck of the guitar;

FIG. 7 is a chart explaining the use of the indicator

system for new users;

FIGS. 8(a) to 8(o) illustrate how the system is used to

play different exercises;

FIGS 9(a) to 9(i) illustrate how to play different scales

using the system;

FIGS. 10(a) to 1 0(m) illustrate how to play a number of

different chords using the system;

FIG . 1 1 is a plan view of two alternative indicator strips

of a second embodiment;

FIG . 1 2 is a similar view of three further strips of the

second embodiment; and

FIG. 1 3 is a perspective view showing the strips of FIGS. 11 and 12 applied to the neck of the guitar.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a conventional

electric guitar 10 where painted dots 11 are provided at the third,

fifth, seventh, ninth, twelfth, fifteenth, seventeenth and nineteenth

frets on the neck 12. (It will be noted that the twelfth fret is

indicated by a pair of dots.)

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, raised tactile finger position

indicator pins 111 (eg 0.5mm high) are provided along the side faces

113, 114 of the neck 112 (of a modified guitar) at, eg the third, fifth,

seventh, ninth, twelfth, fifteenth and seventeenth frets 115.

Alternatively, as indicated by the dashed lines on FIG.2,

the indicators may be provided by recesses 111a or slots 111b in the

neck 112.

In a further alternative, the system may incorporate a

combination of two or more of the raised indicator pins 111 and

recesses/slots 111a, 111b.

The indicator pins 111 (and recesses/slots 111 a/111b)

are dimensioned so that they can be felt by the musician's fingers

without affecting the movement of the fingers along the neck 112.

Referring to FIGS. 4 to 6, the method of installing the

position indicator pins 111 will now be described.

A drilling jig 120 has a substantially L-shaped body 121, with a base 122 (with elongate slot 123), an intermediate portion 124

and inclined leg 125. A plurality of drilling guide holes 126 are

provided in the intermediate portion 124. Resilient pads 127 protect

the guitar neck 1 12 from damage by the drilling jig 120.

Referring to FIG. 5, the drilling jig 120 is placed on the

neck 1 12, with the base 1 22 on the upper face (below the strings

(not shown)) and the intermediate portion adjacent a side face 1 14 of

the neck.

A drill bit 130 fitted to an electric drill 131 extends

through one of the guide holes 126 and drills a hole into the side face

1 14. (If more than one position indicator pin 1 1 1 is to be fitted at

that location, eg the 12th fret, a second hole is drilled.)

As shown in FIG. 6, the shanks 1 1 1 a of the indicator

pins 1 1 1 are driven into the drilled holes 1 12b in the neck 1 1 2 using

a light hammer or mallet 140. The heads 1 1 1 b of the indicator pins

1 1 1 extend eg 0.5-1 .0 mm from the side face 1 14 of the neck 1 12 to

indicate eg the position of the 12t fret 1 15.

The position, type and size of the indicator pins 1 1 1 can

be varied to suit the particular musician's preferences, and the

indicators can be easily fitted to existing instruments.

The indicators can also be readily applied to instruments without frets, eg., violins and basses. HOW TO USE THE SYSTEM

The use of the indicator pins 1 1 1 will now be described

with reference to FIGS. 7 to 10(m) .

"If you have fitted the indicator pins to your guitar, you

will soon see how much quicker and easier you can find your way

around the fret board. No more guessing or counting, you can

quickly slide up to the 7th or 9th fret and be in the correct position to

play every time. You will find this will greatly increase the accuracy

of your timing straight away.

Using this indicator system you will quickly be able to

break away from only playing around the first five frets and play

those same chord shapes further up the neck. You will begin to play

with a whole new world of feeling!

A traditional chord frame shows the six strings as

vertical lines. The strings from left to right are the 6th, 5th, 4th, 3rd,

2nd and 1 st. The thick horizontal line at the top of each chord frame

indicates the nut. An "X" indicates that string is not to be played but

in fact muted (not picked or strummed) . An "O" indicates that string

is to be played as an open note which means you do not press your

finger down on the string while strumming it. A circle like this

indicates the position where you place your fingers on the vertical

strings and on which fret and with which fingers. Please refer to the

finger chart on FIG. 7. This first example "A" chord is commonly known as an open chord.

To play the same chord shape but further up the

instrument neck, the open strings previously indicated by an "O" will

now be played as a bar chord. Please refer to the description and

example of a bar chord on FIG. 7. Using the indicator pins, slide your

hand along the neck (while maintaining the bar chord shape) to the

position marked by the first pin (positioned near the third fret) . This is

a new chord as specified by the music note at the top of each chord

chart. Repeat the sliding action again up to the second pin

(positioned bear the 5th fret) to access another chord as indicated at

the top of that chord frame. Repeat this action again up to the 7th,

9th and 1 2th fret to easily expand your knowledge and use the fret

board.

Of course you can use the indicator pins to quickly

locate the 2nd, 4th, 6th, etc fret positions as well. The chord

variations in FIGS. 8(a) to ( 1 0(m) are presented for easy location and

understanding of the system. This does not mean you cannot utilize

the system for playing solos. Remember an "X" always refers to a

muted or un-played string, for all chord positions."

Referring to FIGS. 1 1 to 1 3, the indicator pins 1 1 1 may

be replaced by indicator tape strips 21 1 , 31 1 .

In FIG . 1 1 , the indicator tape strips have a plastic body

21 1 a which overlies a narrow strip 21 1 b of a second material, the latter having a planar or convex upper face 21 1 c.

In FIG. 1 2, the indicator strips 31 1 have a plastic body

31 1 a which overlies, or in which is imbedded, a length of chord or a

filament 31 1 b.

As shown in FIG. 1 3, the indicator tape strips 21 1 ,31 1

can be applied to the side faces 1 1 3, 1 14 and/or the rear face 1 1 6 of

the guitar neck 1 1 2 to indicate the position of the selected fret 1 1 5.

The following advantages of the present invention will be

apparent to the skilled addressee:

What problems does it solve?

a) playing concerts in the dark or in poor light;

b) finding the frets on the neck faster without

looking;

c) it will assist beginners who are learning;

d) it will assist teachers in teaching the guitar;

e) great for people who are blind or vision impaired;

f) people with dyslexia can relate to a physical sign

faster than they can relate to a mental sign;

g) when playing live, guitarists prefer to look at the

crowd rather than their guitar.

Who will use it?

It will be used by everybody who wants to play or learn

a stringed instrument: a) beginners or learners;

b) people with bad sight, eg ., people who wear

glasses;

c) people who are blind;

d) teachers - as a teaching tool to the student;

e) A-grade guitarists;

f) primary schools;

g) high schools;

h) private schools;

i) tutors of music;

j) colleges;

k) guitar institutes;

I) everybody.

Advantages and benefits for user

a) the advantage of the tactile indicators on an

instrument is that the player does not always have to look at the

guitar when playing;

b) because everybody has a good sense of feel in

their fingers, it takes less time to find different parts of the neck by

feel, rather than counting mentally - the brain can also work out a

physical feeling quicker;

c) an excellent device for teachers and students for

quicker learning of an instrument;

d) with the current fret markers installed on only some guitars today, many players cannot see them so they are

useless to many people.

Various changes and modifications may be made to the

embodiments described and illustrated without departing from the

present invention.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1 . A tactile finger position indicator system for musical
instruments including:
at least one projection or protrusion and/or recess at one
or more selected locations on a neck of a stringed musical instrument.
2. A system as claimed in Claim 1 wherein:
the projections or protrusions include one or more raised
projections, such as pins, buttons or strips, no more than 5mm high.
3. A system as claimed in Claim 2 wherein:
the projections are no less than 0.1 mm high.
4. A system as claimed in Claim 1 , wherein:
the recesses include holes, slots, grooves, cuts or the
like no more than 1 0mm deep.
5. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4
wherein:
the projections/protrusions/recesses are provided along
one, or both, sides of the neck and/or on the rear face of the neck.
6. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5,
wherein:
for a guitar, the indicators are provided to indicate where
the third, fifth, seventh, ninth, twelfth and fifteenth frets are located
on the neck.
7. A system as claimed in Claim 6 wherein:
a musicians' fingers can slide along the neck and feel where the designated frets are, to indicate the position(s) of the
fingers on the neck.
8. A method for providing at least one tactile finger position
indicator on a neck of a musical instrument, including the steps of:
(a) placing a drilling jig having at least one locating
hole on the neck at a desired location;
(b) drilling a hole into the neck using a drilling bit
passing through one of the locating holes in the drilling jig; and
(c) inserting a shank of the indicator into the drilled
hole, the indicator having a head forming a projection from the neck
of the musical instrument.
9. A method according to Claim 8 wherein:
two or more of the indicators can be fitted at a desired
location by repeating steps (b) and (c) .
10. A method for providing at least one tactile finger position
indicator on a neck of a musical instrument, including the step of:
applying a length of tape to the neck at the desired
location, the tape having a body of a first material, covering, or
having embedded therein, a length of a second material operable to
cause a portion of the body to project from the neck.
1 1 . A method according to Claim 1 0 wherein:
the second material includes a planar or convex strip, a
filament, length of cord or the like.
1 2. A method of musical training where selected locations on
the neck of the musical instrument are indicated by the indicator
system of any one of Claims 1 to 7, or by the system produced by
the method of any one of Claims 8 to 1 1 .
PCT/AU2000/001172 1999-09-27 2000-09-27 Tactile guide marks for stringed musical instruments WO2001024159A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPQ3091A AUPQ309199A0 (en) 1999-09-27 1999-09-27 Improvements to musical instruments
AUPQ3091 1999-09-27

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU77630/00A AU7763000A (en) 1999-09-27 2000-09-27 Tactile guide marks for stringed musical instruments

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001024159A1 true WO2001024159A1 (en) 2001-04-05

Family

ID=3817255

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU2000/001172 WO2001024159A1 (en) 1999-09-27 2000-09-27 Tactile guide marks for stringed musical instruments

Country Status (2)

Country Link
AU (1) AUPQ309199A0 (en)
WO (1) WO2001024159A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2412003A (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-09-14 Jose Ngene Musical instrument and support
US20090291756A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Mccauley Jack J Music video game and guitar-like game controller

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US939486A (en) * 1905-12-20 1909-11-09 Fred O Fish Violin.
US1348894A (en) * 1919-01-02 1920-08-10 Rahne Rudolf Gottfrid Nilson Finger-board for violins
US2455574A (en) * 1945-09-13 1948-12-07 Feldman Harry Alien Attachment for violins and analogous instruments
US4023460A (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-05-17 Kuhnke Horst F Intonation aid for the violin, viola and cello and other instruments of the violin family
US4095506A (en) * 1977-01-10 1978-06-20 Smith Walter E Position indicator for guitars
US4237765A (en) * 1978-08-31 1980-12-09 Valdez Arthur F Guitar body with improved neck structure
US5247132A (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-09-21 Henderson Robert D Electric violin with multiple registration points

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US939486A (en) * 1905-12-20 1909-11-09 Fred O Fish Violin.
US1348894A (en) * 1919-01-02 1920-08-10 Rahne Rudolf Gottfrid Nilson Finger-board for violins
US2455574A (en) * 1945-09-13 1948-12-07 Feldman Harry Alien Attachment for violins and analogous instruments
US4023460A (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-05-17 Kuhnke Horst F Intonation aid for the violin, viola and cello and other instruments of the violin family
US4095506A (en) * 1977-01-10 1978-06-20 Smith Walter E Position indicator for guitars
US4237765A (en) * 1978-08-31 1980-12-09 Valdez Arthur F Guitar body with improved neck structure
US5247132A (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-09-21 Henderson Robert D Electric violin with multiple registration points

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Razemark was developed three (3) years ago for one of my students who has a vision problem", DOWNLOADED, 28 November 2000 (2000-11-28), Retrieved from the Internet <URL:http://www.razemark.com/inventor.html> *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2412003A (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-09-14 Jose Ngene Musical instrument and support
GB2412003B (en) * 2004-03-02 2006-10-11 Jose Ngene Musical instrument and support
US20090291756A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Mccauley Jack J Music video game and guitar-like game controller
US8827806B2 (en) * 2008-05-20 2014-09-09 Activision Publishing, Inc. Music video game and guitar-like game controller

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