WO2001003370A2 - Data communication system of forwarding data to wireless devices moving among networks having different ip addresses - Google Patents

Data communication system of forwarding data to wireless devices moving among networks having different ip addresses

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Publication number
WO2001003370A2
WO2001003370A2 PCT/US2000/018598 US0018598W WO0103370A2 WO 2001003370 A2 WO2001003370 A2 WO 2001003370A2 US 0018598 W US0018598 W US 0018598W WO 0103370 A2 WO0103370 A2 WO 0103370A2
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WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
network
node
wireless
nodes
networks
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2000/018598
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2001003370A3 (en )
Inventor
Hiep Pham
Martin Morris
Rajiv Kumar
Lyn Nguyen
Original Assignee
Widcomm, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/04TPC [Transmission power control]
    • H04W52/38TPC being performed in particular situations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W40/00Communication routing or communication path finding
    • H04W40/02Communication route or path selection, e.g. power-based or shortest path routing
    • H04W40/04Communication route or path selection, e.g. power-based or shortest path routing based on wireless node resources
    • H04W40/10Communication route or path selection, e.g. power-based or shortest path routing based on wireless node resources based on available power or energy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W40/00Communication routing or communication path finding
    • H04W40/24Connectivity information management, e.g. connectivity discovery or connectivity update
    • H04W40/246Connectivity information discovery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W40/00Communication routing or communication path finding
    • H04W40/24Connectivity information management, e.g. connectivity discovery or connectivity update
    • H04W40/32Connectivity information management, e.g. connectivity discovery or connectivity update for defining a routing cluster membership
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/04Services making use of location information using association of physical positions and logical data in a dedicated environment, e.g. buildings or vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W80/00Wireless network protocols or protocol adaptations to wireless operation, e.g. WAP [Wireless Application Protocol]
    • H04W80/06Transport layer protocols, e.g. TCP [Transport Control Protocol] over wireless
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/04Terminal devices adapted for relaying to or from another terminal or user
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/08Access point devices
    • H04W88/10Access point devices adapted for operation in multiple networks, e.g. multi-mode access points
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/10Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT]
    • Y02D70/14Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks
    • Y02D70/142Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks in Wireless Local Area Networks [WLAN]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/10Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT]
    • Y02D70/14Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks
    • Y02D70/144Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks in Bluetooth and Wireless Personal Area Networks [WPAN]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/30Power-based selection of communication route or path
    • Y02D70/32Power-based selection of communication route or path based on wireless node resources
    • Y02D70/326Power-based selection of communication route or path based on wireless node resources based on available power or energy

Abstract

A data communication system capable of forwarding IP-addressed data to devices as such devices move among networks having different IP addresses is disclosed herein. The system includes first and second networks containing first and second pluralities of nodes. At least one of the first plurality of nodes is adapted to receive data transmissions from an external IP-based network. Upon joining the first network, this device is assigned an IP address which remains with it irrespective of whether it moves beyond the range of the first network. When this device roams into the vicinity of the second network, data addressed to the device which is received at the first network is forwarded via at least one node of the second network to the roaming device.

Description

UTILIZATION OF THE INTERNET PROTOCOL TO

FACILITATE COMMUNICATION INVOLVING MOBILE DEVICES

FIELD OF THE IN ENTION

The present invention relates generally to communication systems, and more particularly to a method and associated apparatus for allowing a device to continue communication via the Internet Protocol ("IP") even while moving among networks having different associated IP addresses. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Computer networks allow multiple computers, peripherals and other information storage, retrieval or processing devices to share data. Each device attached to a network is typically referred to as a node on the network, or a node that is part of the network. Local Area Networks ("LANs") have historically consisted of nodes interconnected by physical telecommunications media (e.g., coaxial cable, twisted pair wire, or fiber optics). Recently wireless LANs, the nodes of which are not connected by means of a physical medium, have started to appear in the market. These wireless LANs communicate by means of infra-red (IR), radio or other signals. One of the benefits of using wireless LANs is that cabling is not required. This is a particularly useful feature for mobile nodes such as laptop and notebook computers,

PDAs (personal digital assistants), and the like. If equipped with an appropriate wireless adapter, the mobile nodes can move around within a predefined coverage area and remain connected to the network.

In order for the nodes of a particular network to be able to communicate with each other, some sort of comm&n addressing scheme must be implemented. In a traditional wired network, one very common method of communicating between nodes is to utilize Internet Protocol ("IP") addressing. When a node initially joins a network operating with the Internet Protocol, it is assigned an IP address consisting of at least two portions: a network address and a destination address. IP addresses are typically fixed and remain with the node irrespective of whether the node relocates to another network. In a traditional wired network, the fixed nature of IP addresses is not problematic because nodes are stationary and consequently do not migrate to networks outside of their original home network. Recently, wireless l . nodes have been added to traditionally hard-wired networks. Like all devices adhering to the Internet Protocol, mobile devices are accorded IP addresses having a network portion and a device portion. The network portion identifies the mobile device's "home network" while the device portion distinguishing the mobile device from other members of its home network. The routing of data packets through the Internet is generally exclusively based upon the network portion of the destination IP address. Specifically, Internet routers extract the destination network address from a given data packet and then forward that packet to the appropriate network. Once the packet reaches the appropriate network, the network server examines the device portion of the IP address and forwards the packet to the appropriate device. When a mobile device is located in its home network, data packets addressed to a particular mobile device are simply sent to such device upon being received at the home network's access point. This process is transparent to the user so long as the mobile unit is located within range of its home network. However, when the mobile device travels outside of its home network data packets cannot easily be forwarded thereto and are often "dropped", which results in loss of data.

Several methods have been proposed to allow mobile devices to continue IP- based communication even when moving between networks having different IP addresses. One such technique requires that the mobile unit report changes in its address to the access point or network manager, in its home network. A router located in its home network stores each new IP address for the mobile unit and forwards any incoming packets to the mobile device's new IP address. An alternate approach involves establishing a pseudo presence, also called a "spoofed address," at the mobile's home network location. However, when mobile devices frequently move between networks having different IP addresses, these address-mapping and forwarding techniques can results in packets being forwarded to multiple locations, which may cause confusion and loss of data.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, therefore, the present invention relates to a data communication system capable of forwarding IP-addressed data to devices as such devices move among networks having different IP addresses. The present invention includes first and second networks containing first and second pluralities of nodes. At least one of the first plurality of nodes is adapted to receive data transmissions from an external IP- based network. Upon joining the first network, this device is assigned an IP address which remains with it irrespective of whether it moves beyond the range of the first network (i.e., the device's "home" network). When this device roams into the vicinity of the second network, data addressed to the device which is received at the first network is forwarded via at least one node of the second network to the roaming device.

In a preferred embodiment, each of the nodes in the first and second networks broadcast messages indicating the services that it offers and the nodes that are within its range. These broadcasts allow the mobile device to determine which devices it can use to create a connection between itself and the local access point in its home network. When the mobile device moves beyond its home network, it reestablishes a connection to its local access point using whatever combination of nodes it deems as being most efficient. Once this connection is made, the local access point is able to forward data to the mobile device.

In an alternate embodiment, an internetworking node participates in both the first and second networks, and receives a first set of network information relating to the first network from the first plurality of nodes. In an another embodiment, the mobile device is capable of anticipating when it is about to lose contact with one of the nodes that is providing a connection between it and its home local access point. When the mobile device makes this determination, it attempts to establish an alternative route for the connection to its local access point. If the mobile device is of a type requiring continuous connection to an external network, an additional embodiment allows the mobile device to simultaneously maintain more than one connection between itself and its local access point. This minimizes the risk that data packets addressed to the mobile device will be "dropped". BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 shows a data communication system comprising two wireless networks and a means for forwarding data between the networks.

FIG. 2 contains a data communication system consisting of two wireless networks and an intemetworking node in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustratively representing the components of a wireless node and associated software configured in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention is more fully described with reference to FIGS. 1 - 3. An exemplary implementation of the invention is discussed and illustrated with reference to its implementation using wireless networks predicated on the proposed "Bluetooth" wireless communications protocol. This protocol contemplates the grouping of physically proximate wireless nodes, and is described in Specification of the Bluetooth System, vθ.8, January 22, 1999 (and in subsequent revisions thereof). It should be understood that this invention is not limited to such a wireless protocol, and could be similarly implemented using other types of fixed or wireless networks. As is described hereinafter, the present invention discloses a method and apparatus for relaying data addressed to a mobile device nominally associated with a first network when such device becomes associated with other networks. FIG. 1 illustrates a data communication system 10 consisting of a hard- wired network 12 and first and second wireless networks 20 and 22, each containing a network address location Al and A2. The first and second wireless networks 20 and 22 each contain a plurality of wireless nodes. For purposes of clarity, only wireless nodes LI and L3 are depicted in wireless networks 20 and 22. It should nonetheless be understood that the present invention is equally applicable to implementations in which first and second wireless networks include numerous wireless nodes. The system 10 also contains a relay node L2 connecting the two wireless networks, a first mobile device Dl, and a hard-wired device D2 connected to the hard-wired network 12. In a typical configuration, D2 would actually be a network of devices rather than a single device. The device D2 may comprise either a network of devices or simply a single device. Since the actual number of devices represented by D2 is irrelevant for purposes of explanation of the present invention, device D2 will hereinafter be referred to as a single device.

For purposes of illustration, it is assumed that certain of the wireless nodes depicted in FIG. 1 are mobile relative to one another. In the network architecture of

FIG. 1 , each node within the first network 20 is within the wireless coverage area of network access node Al and each node within the second network 22 is within the wireless coverage area of network access node April , 2000. The network access nodes Al and A2 serve as conduits to the external network 12 for the first and second wireless networks 20 and 22, respectively. The access nodes Al and A2, as well as a relay node L2, are also disposed for wireless communication, with the nodes LI and L3. Because the nodes within the wireless networks 20 and 22 are not necessarily within transmission range of all the other wireless nodes within the same networks, each wireless node may not be able to monitor all of the traffic within its network. For example, wireless node LI may be able to "listen" to wireless node L2 but may not be able to monitor transmissions from wireless node L3. In a preferred implementation each wireless node transmits an advertisement identifying its address and the services it offers. Each such advertisement also incorporates the address of all other wireless nodes from which advertisements are received by the node transmitting a given advertisement. Based on this information, the mobile device Dl can determine all nodes participating in the networks and the service offered by each. As used herein the term "services" encompasses, without limitation, the capability of a given node to relay message information to and from one or more outside networks. Accordingly, the advertisement issued by each wireless node may also identify the other networks within which the wireless node is capable of communication and the services offered by each. Referring to FIG. 1, when Dl first seeks to join the first wireless network 20 it transmits a signal to the network access node Al via wireless node LI so that it can be assigned an IP address by the Internet Service Provider ("ISP") providing network access via node Al. Through this transmission, device Dl establishes the first wireless network 20 as its home network; that is, it designates the network address of the first wireless network 20 as its network address. Because device Dl is not hardwired to node Al, it is necessary for device Dl to access node Al via a wireless communication link. In the exemplary implementation of FIG. 1, device Dl determines that it can establish a connection to node Al through node LI by listening to the periodic advertisements issued by nodes Al and LI. As was mentioned above, these broadcasts contain network connectivity information pertinent to of all of the devices within range of Al and LI. For example, Al's broadcast would indicate that it is connected to the hard- wired network 12, and is capable of communication with nodes LI and L2. Similarly, node Li's broadcast would reveal that it is within range of, and capable of communication with, nodes Al, L2 and Dl .

Data may be routed to node Dl in a conventional manner when node Dl is within its home network 20. In this situation data destined for node Dl is sent to the IP address of node Al from the external network 12. On the basis of the advertisements broadcast by LI, node Al determines that node LI has established a connection to Dl. Node Al then sends the data received from the external network 12 to node Dl via node LI.

Routing data to Dl using IP addressing becomes problematic when Dl moves outside of its home network 20, since node Dl 's IP address does not automatically change to reflect its new location within a different network. As a consequence, all the data intended to be sent to node Dl will continue to be routed over the external network 12 to node Al. If node Al does not have a separate connection to device Dl when data packets arrive, node Al will either drop the data packets or queue them for retransmission on the assumption that Dl will establish a new connection with Al . Referring to FIG. 1, when Dl relocates to a position within the wireless coverage area of network 22 it listens to the connectivity information broadcast by the nodes within its range (device Dl is shown in phantom in network 22). If device Dl becomes located sufficiently near node L3, it may listen to its connectivity advertisement and determine a path over which data may be routed from node Al. After making this determination, Dl requests a connection to node Al via a node along the chosen path (e.g., node L3). In order to establish a connection between nodes Dl and Al, node L3 establishes a connection to node L2 which in establishes a connection to node Al. Once these connections have been made, node Al will forward any data packets, addressed to Dl that it has received over the hard- wired network 12.

FIG. 2 depicts an alternate embodiment of the present invention in which a wireless node L2' exists as a member of both first and second wireless networks 20' and 22'. The node L2' facilitates internetworking between the networks 20' and 22' in the manner described in the aforementioned copending Patent Application entitled "Distributed Management of an Extended Network Containing Short-Range Wireless

Links". The wireless node L2, or "internetworking node", understands the protocols of both the first and second wireless networks 20' and 22' and is capable of transparently relaying data traffic therebetween.

Referring again to FIG. 2, once device Dl ' begins moving outside of its home network 20' it may anticipate the loss of its connection to the network access node AP. This is because device Dl' monitors the signal strength of the advertisements being transmitted from LI, and will take notice when this signal strength drops below a predefined threshold. Once device Dl ' determines that a dropped connection between itself and node LI' is imminent, it will "listen" to the advertisements being broadcast by other wireless nodes within its range to determine if it can establish a simultaneous connection to node Al'. In the exemplary implementation of FIG. 2, device Dl' determines that it may establish communication with node Al' via node

L2'. Accordingly, device Dl' then drops its connection with LI ' after establishing a connection with node L2'. In this way device Dl' endeavors to minimize the risk of loss of data packets by briefly maintaining a simultaneous connection to two distinct wireless nodes. In applications where preventing any loss of data packets is very important, device Dl may maintain such a simultaneous, connection continuously or for substantially longer periods of time.

FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustratively representing the components of a wireless node 100 and associated software configured in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention: Referring to FIG. 3, the wireless node 100 may be in the form of an electronic device (e.g., a laptop or desktop computer, handheld electronic organizer, or printer) containing a first wireless adapter card 104 and a first RF transceiver 106 disposed for communication in accordance with a first network communication standard. The wireless node 100 may also optionally include a second wireless adapter card 108 and a second RF transceiver 110 for communicating in accordance with a second network communication standard. The second wireless adapter card 108 and the second RF transceiver 110 may be included within the wireless node 100 when, for example, it is anticipated that the wireless node may participate in networks operative in accordance with different network standards. For example, internetworking node L2' would preferably be configured with different wireless transceivers and associated adapter cards to the extent the first network 20' and second network 22' were governed by differing network communication standards. The wireless node 100 may also include a LAN adapter card 112 for facilitating communication with a wired LAN, or alternately a wireline modem for effecting communication through the PSTN.

Each wireless adapter card and transceiver is controlled by a CPU 114 operative to execute program instructions of the various software routines 122 stored in memory 126. Within wireless nodes, a network resources table 130 is updated in response to internet management broadcasts by transmitting nodes of the individual wireless networks. The network resources table 130 stores the network address and services offered by each wireless node. In the case of internetworking node L2', these advertised services may include the services provided by a wireless node from a neighboring network in communication with the internetworking node. Include among the software routines 122 within internetworking nodes is a forwarding routine 138 for forwarding messages to the wired LAN via the LAN adapter card 112, or to another wireless node via one of the wireless transceivers 106, 110 and associated wireless adapter card 104, 108. An advertisement generating routine 140 operates to generate the advertisements issued by the wireless node 100 which specify its network address and services offered.

Although the above application has been described primarily with reference to specific embodiments, one skilled in the art can readily appreciate that the teachings of the present invention may be applied in other communication contexts. For example, in certain embodiments the, first and second wireless networks described above could instead comprise networks of fixed devices linked by hard-wired local area networks ("LANs"). Assuming a wireless or other communication link could be established between a pair of devices within the different networks, data could be forwarded among such networks in accordance with the invention upon movement of a device from one network to the other. Thus the application is meant only to be limited by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A data communication system comprising: a first network including a first plurality of nodes, said first network having a first network address; a second network including a second plurality of nodes, said second network having a second network address; and means for forwarding, from said first network to said second network, message information received at said first network and addressed to a first node of said first plurality of nodes when said first node establishes communication with said second network.

2. The data communication system of claim 1 wherein said means for forwarding includes an internetworking node included within said first plurality of nodes and within said second plurality of nodes.

3. The data communication system of claim 2 wherein said internetworking node includes: means for receiving a first set of network information relating to said first network from said first plurality of nodes, said first set of network information identifying a first network access point associated with said first network wherein said message information is available from said first network access point; and means for transmitting, to one of said second plurality of nodes, said first set of network information and an identity of said internetworking node.

4. The data communication system of claim 3 wherein said one of said second plurality of nodes includes means for broadcasting said first set of network information, said first node including means for receiving said first set of network information broadcast by said one of said second plurality of nodes upon establishing communication with said second network. 5. The data communication system of claim 1 wherein said means for forwarding includes means for transmitting said message information over a communication link between one of said first plurality and one of said second plurality of nodes.

6. A data communication system comprising: a first network including a first plurality of nodes, said first network having a first network address and a first network access point for receiving message information directed to said first network; a second network including a second plurality of nodes, said second network having a second network address; and an internetworking means for forwarding at least a portion of said message information from said first network access point to said second network when one of said first plurality of nodes establishes communication with said second network.

7. A data communication system comprising: a first wireless network including a first plurality of wireless nodes, said first network having a first network address; a second network including a second plurality of wireless nodes, said second network having a second network address; and means for forwarding, from said first wireless network to said second wireless network, message information received at said first wireless network and addressed to a first node of said first plurality of wireless nodes when said first wireless node establishes communication with said second wireless network.

8. The data communication system of claim 7 wherein said means for forwarding includes an internetworking node included within said first plurality of wireless nodes and within said second plurality of wireless nodes.

PCT/US2000/018598 1999-07-06 2000-07-06 Data communication system of forwarding data to wireless devices moving among networks having different ip addresses WO2001003370A3 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09/347,385 1999-07-06
US09347894 US6691173B2 (en) 1999-07-06 1999-07-06 Distributed management of an extended network containing short-range wireless links
US09/347,374 1999-07-06
US09347385 US6654614B2 (en) 1999-07-06 1999-07-06 Implementation of power control in a wireless overlay network
US09/347,894 1999-07-06
US09347374 US6891820B1 (en) 1999-07-06 1999-07-06 Utilization of the internet protocol to facilitate communication involving mobile devices

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WO2001003370A3 true WO2001003370A3 (en) 2001-05-03

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PCT/US2000/040317 WO2001003327A8 (en) 1999-07-06 2000-07-06 Method and apparatus for communication between different wireless networks using a dual-power node
PCT/US2000/018598 WO2001003370A3 (en) 1999-07-06 2000-07-06 Data communication system of forwarding data to wireless devices moving among networks having different ip addresses

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WO2001003371A8 (en) 2001-11-08 application
WO2001003370A3 (en) 2001-05-03 application
WO2001003371A2 (en) 2001-01-11 application
WO2001003327A2 (en) 2001-01-11 application
WO2001003371A3 (en) 2001-05-10 application
WO2001003327A3 (en) 2001-05-03 application

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