WO2000066458A1 - A tablet dispenser - Google Patents

A tablet dispenser Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2000066458A1
WO2000066458A1 PCT/SE1999/000691 SE9900691W WO0066458A1 WO 2000066458 A1 WO2000066458 A1 WO 2000066458A1 SE 9900691 W SE9900691 W SE 9900691W WO 0066458 A1 WO0066458 A1 WO 0066458A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
operating unit
joint
dispenser
tablet
spring
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE1999/000691
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Cristian Hallin
Original Assignee
HALLIN, Cristian under the firm of TELUM PRODUCTI N
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE9703970A priority Critical patent/SE515202C2/en
Application filed by HALLIN, Cristian under the firm of TELUM PRODUCTI N filed Critical HALLIN, Cristian under the firm of TELUM PRODUCTI N
Priority to PCT/SE1999/000691 priority patent/WO2000066458A1/en
Priority claimed from AT99929975T external-priority patent/AT289957T/en
Publication of WO2000066458A1 publication Critical patent/WO2000066458A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J7/00Devices for administering medicines orally, e.g. spoons; Pill counting devices; Arrangements for time indication or reminder for taking medicine
    • A61J7/0076Medicament distribution means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/04Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for dispensing annular, disc-shaped, or spherical or like small articles, e.g. tablets or pills
    • B65D83/0409Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for dispensing annular, disc-shaped, or spherical or like small articles, e.g. tablets or pills the dispensing means being adapted for delivering one article, or a single dose, upon each actuation
    • B65D83/0418Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for dispensing annular, disc-shaped, or spherical or like small articles, e.g. tablets or pills the dispensing means being adapted for delivering one article, or a single dose, upon each actuation the articles being substantially flat and stacked one upon the other and the dispensing-closing device sliding the article to be dispensed along the flat side of the next article
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J1/00Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes
    • A61J1/03Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes for pills or tablets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2583/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D2583/04For dispensing annular, disc-shaped or spherical or like small articles or tablets
    • B65D2583/0472For dispensing annular, disc-shaped or spherical or like small articles or tablets characterised by the dispensing action
    • B65D2583/0477For dispensing annular, disc-shaped or spherical or like small articles or tablets characterised by the dispensing action the container is maintained in the same position during the dispensing of several successive articles or doses
    • B65D2583/0481One reciprocating action, e.g. to or from

Abstract

The disclosure relates to a tablet dispenser comprising an elongate container (10) for tablets (12) and a dispensing device for discharging tablets out of the container (10). The dispensing device includes an operating unit (11) for manual action, a joint mechanism (14) connected to the operating unit (11), and a slide (15) projecting from the joint mechanism (14) for accommodating and dispensing a tablet (12). The operating unit (13), the joint mechanism (14) and the slide (15) are of one piece manufacture.

Description

A TABLET DISPENSER
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to a tablet dispenser comprising an elongate container for tablets and a dispensing device for dispensing tablets out of the container. The term tablets is here taken to signify both tablets containing medicines and other types of tablets.
BACKGROUND ART A dispenser for tablets is put into use in, for example, the dosing of medicines. In such instance, the commonest version of dispenser is in the form of a box with one or more projecting slides. Such a slide normally consists of a plurality of compartments. A dispenser in the form of a box in accordance with the foregoing consists of several components which are manufactured separately and must then be assembled to form a finished unit. As a result, manufacturing costs will be high.
There is a need in the art for a dispenser which may be manufactured at low cost, which is small in size and easy to carry and which makes possible the advancement of one tablet at a time. Such a dispenser would also be usable in other contexts, for example for sweets (candies) in tablet form.
OUTLINE OF THE INVENTION
One object of the present invention is to realise a dispenser which satisfies the above-outlined needs. This object is attained in that the present invention has been given the characterizing features as set forth in appended Claim 1.
Further advantages and characterizing features of the present invention are apparent from the appended specification, Drawings and subclaims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
The present invention will now be described in greater detail hereinbelow, with the aid of preferred embodiments and with reference to the accompanying Drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a side elevation, partly in section, from the line I-I in Fig. 4, of an embodiment of a dispenser according to the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation, partly in section, of the dispenser of Fig. 1, seen from another angle;
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view from the line 177-177 in Fig. 1; and
Fig.4 is a cross sectional view from the line TV-W in Fig. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 of a dispenser according to the present invention, all included components are disposed in an elongate housing 16. The housing 16 is of substantially rectangular cross section (see Fig. 4) and wholly encloses a container 10 in the form of a tube of circular cross section or a cross section formed to accommodate the tablets 12 which are to be located in the container. In the container 10, there are shown in Fig. 1 a plurality of objects in the form of tablets 12. The container 10 and the dispenser may also be employed for other types of objects which are stackable in this manner. In Fig. 1, the dispenser is shown in the normal position of use with the container 10 extended in the substantially vertical position.
In Fig. 1, a dispensing device projects up out of the housing 16 with an upper member in the form of an operating unit 11. The operating unit 11 is designed as a button which, on depression, dispenses a tablet 12 out of an aperture at the bottom of the housing 16 (see Fig. 2). The operating unit 11 includes a Ud or a closure member 13 which, in the removed state, exposes an aperture for replenishment of tablets 12 or the like. The operating unit, or the button 11, is pivotally connected to a joint mechanism 14 for transferring the movement on depression of the button to a reciprocating slide 15. The joint mechanism 14 includes a first arm 18 connected to the operating unit 11 and a second arm 20 connected to the slide 15. The first arm 18 is connected to the operating unit 11 by the intermediary of a first pivot 17 and to the second arm 20 by the intermediary of a second pivot 19.
In the illustrated embodiment, the first arm 18 is an elongate rod of rectangular, T-shaped or other suitably formed cross section and extends through the housing 16 together with the container 10. In its position of rest, the slide 15 is placed directly beneath the lower aperture of the container 10 so that the lowermost of the tablets 12 accommodated in the container 10 may fall down into the slide 15. Suitably, the slide 15 is therefore designed as a scoop or the like with cup-shaped inner walls. Alternatively, the slide may have a through-going aperture so that the lowermost tablet 12 rests on the inside of the bottom of the housing 16. The height of the slide in this version corresponds to the thickness of one tablet.
The button 11 is designed with outer dimensions which correspond to the inner dimensions of the housing 16 for guiding the movement of the button 11. In that portion of the housing where the button 11 moves, the housing 16 is flared somewhat so as to permit free movement of the button 11 outside the container 10, see also Fig. 3. Beneath the button 11, and particularly beneath the lid 13, there is disposed a first spring 21. The spring 21 extends partly inside the container 10 and rests against a Ud 23 located in the container 10 and in its turn resting on the uppermost tablet 12. The spring 21 serves for advancement of the tablets and return on depression of the button 11. The container 10 rests at the bottom against an abutment 24 beneath which the slide 15 is movable in a reciprocating movement transversely of the longitudinal direction of the container.
The first spring 21 exercises a certain bias on the button 11. Further spring bias is exercised by a second spring 22 which departs from the first arm 18 and, in one preferred embodiment, constitutes and integrated part thereof. As will be apparent from Fig. 1, the second spring 22 is of S- configuration and abuts with its free end against the inside of the housing 16, possibly against a heel mounted thereon. The second arm 20 merges in a first end in a portion 25 which is flexible and foldingly connected to the sUde 15 and which constitutes a flexible power transmission means which converts a pivotal movement (see below) of the arm 20 into a linear movement in the sUde 15. In a second end, the second arm 20 has a transverse stub shaft 26 about whose centre axis the arm is pivotal. On pivoting of the second arm 20 about the stub shaft 26, the pivot 19 is bent and the folded portion 25 is straightened out and imparts to the slide 15 a linear movement. In its opposing ends, the stub shaft 26 is journaUed in bushings secured on or of one piece manufacture with the insides of the housing 16 (see Figs. 1 and 3). In Fig. 1, the button 11 has been depressed from a position shown by ghosted lines, whereby the slide 15 has been partly shifted out of the housing 16. On further depression of the button 11, the sUde 15 will be displaced further, so that the tablet 12 will be accessible. In the alternative with a through-going aperture in the slide, the tablet 12 falls down through the sUde as soon as the tablet is free from the bottom of the housing 16. Fig. 2 shows the elongate housing 16 with a hole 27 made at the bottom, through which the sUde 15 may be displaced. It wiU further be apparent that the second spring 22 projects out at a right angle from the first arm 18 and extends beside the container 10.
The cross sectional view in Fig. 3 shows that lid 23 and the first spring 21 abutting thereon. The second spring 22 extends beneath the button 11 at the side of the container 10.
Fig. 4 shows the container 10 with tablets 12 placed therein and the partly projecting sUde 15. The sUde 15 also holds a tablet 12. It will further be clearly apparent how the opposing ends of the stub shaft 26 are accommodated in bushings, whereby the arm 20 and the stub shaft are pivotally journalled in the housing 16.
The container 10 may be designed in different manners and with a different cross sectional configuration to that shown. However, it is appropriate that its configuration be adapted to the configuration of the tablets which are to be placed therein.
Preferably, both the housing 16 and the container 10 are manufactured from plastic material. This also applies to the operating unit 11, the joint mechanism 14, the sUde 15 and the second spring 22. In addition, these units are suitably injection moulded in one piece. The present invention should not be considered as restricted to that described above and shown on the Drawings, many modifications being conceivable without departing from the scope of the appended Claims.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A tablet dispenser comprising an elongate container (10) for tablets (12), a dispensing device with a slide (15) disposed at one end of the dispenser for discharging a tablet (12), and an operating unit (11) at the other, opposing end of the dispenser, said operating unit (11) being movable in the longitudinal direction of the dispenser, and a joint mechanism (14) for transferring movements from the operating unit (11) to the slide (15), characterized in that the joint mechanism (14) has a first arm (18) connected to the operating unit (11), the arm being connected to a linkage system (20, 25, 26) for converting the longitudinal movement of the operating unit (11) into a transverse movement in the slide (15).
2. The tablet dispenser as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the dispensing device is disposed with the operating unit (11) partly projecting out of an elongate housing (16) and the elongate container (10) for the tablets is disposed enclosed in the housing (16).
3. The tablet dispenser as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein the joint mechanism (14) includes a second arm (20) connected to the slide (15), and wherein the first arm (18) and the second arm (20) are pivotaUy connected to one another by the intermediary of a second pivot (19) and the first arm is pivotally connected to the operating unit (11) by the intermediary of a first pivot (17).
4. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 3, wherein the dispensing device is spring-biased to a first position in which the sUde (15) is disposed in a position within the housing (16) for accommodating a tablet (12) and displaceable against spring action to a second position in which the sUde (15) projects out of the housing (16).
5. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 3, wherein the dispensing device is spring-biased by a first spring (21) tensioned against the operating unit (11).
6. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 3 to 5, wherein the joint mechanism (14) is spring-biased by a second spring (22) departing from the joint mechanism (14) and tensioned against the housing (16).
7. The tablet dispenser as claimed in Claim 6, wherein the joint mechanism (14) and the second spring (22) are of one piece manufacture.
8. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 7, wherein the container (10) for the tablets is designed as a tube discharging above the sUde (15).
9. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 8, wherein the operating unit (11), the joint mechanism (14) and the slide (15) are of one piece manufacture from injection moulded plastic.
10. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 7 to 9, wherein the operating unit (13), the joint mechanism (14), the sUde (15) and the second spring (22) are of one piece manufacture from injection moulded plastic.
11. The tablet dispenser as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 10, wherein the operating unit (11), the joint mechanism (14) and the slide (15) are of one piece manufacture by injection moulding.
PCT/SE1999/000691 1997-10-30 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser WO2000066458A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE9703970A SE515202C2 (en) 1997-10-30 1997-10-30 Tablet dispenser with elongated container
PCT/SE1999/000691 WO2000066458A1 (en) 1997-10-30 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT99929975T AT289957T (en) 1999-04-28 1999-04-28 Tablets donors
DE69924036T DE69924036T2 (en) 1999-04-28 1999-04-28 TABLETS DONORS
AU46604/99A AU773858B2 (en) 1999-04-28 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser
EP99929975A EP1189822B1 (en) 1999-04-28 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser
PCT/SE1999/000691 WO2000066458A1 (en) 1997-10-30 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser
US10/420,009 US6889869B2 (en) 1999-04-28 2003-04-21 Tablet dispenser

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09959490 A-371-Of-International 1999-04-28
US10/420,009 Continuation US6889869B2 (en) 1997-10-30 2003-04-21 Tablet dispenser

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2000066458A1 true WO2000066458A1 (en) 2000-11-09

Family

ID=26663116

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE1999/000691 WO2000066458A1 (en) 1997-10-30 1999-04-28 A tablet dispenser

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2000066458A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2612645A3 (en) * 2006-01-06 2014-03-12 AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug storage and dispensing devices and systems comprising the same
EP2808005A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2014-12-03 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage and dispensing devices for adminsistration of oral transmucosal dosage forms
US9248949B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2016-02-02 Bayer Intellectual Property Gmbh Cartridge, a pharmaceutical dispenser containing the cartridge, and applications of said cartridge and said pharmaceutical dispenser
US9289583B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2016-03-22 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Methods for administering small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms using a dispensing device
US9320710B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2016-04-26 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms containing sufentanil for treatment of pain
US9642996B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2017-05-09 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Methods and apparatus for administering small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms
US10342762B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2019-07-09 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small-volume oral transmucosal dosage forms
US10896751B2 (en) 2009-03-18 2021-01-19 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage and dispensing devices for administration of oral transmucosal dosage forms
US11058856B2 (en) 2014-12-23 2021-07-13 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Systems, devices and methods for dispensing oral transmucosal dosage forms

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3370746A (en) * 1965-09-08 1968-02-27 Haas Eduard Dispenser for tablets
US3565284A (en) * 1967-11-30 1971-02-23 Bonum Werk Gmbh Linz Wigscheid Pocket article container with cover controlled ejector
US5178298A (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-01-12 Allina Curtis J Candy dispenser
US5366112A (en) * 1989-04-12 1994-11-22 Patrafico Ag Tablet dispenser
US5405047A (en) * 1991-12-05 1995-04-11 Novo Nordisk A/S Dispenser for pills or tablets

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3370746A (en) * 1965-09-08 1968-02-27 Haas Eduard Dispenser for tablets
US3565284A (en) * 1967-11-30 1971-02-23 Bonum Werk Gmbh Linz Wigscheid Pocket article container with cover controlled ejector
US5366112A (en) * 1989-04-12 1994-11-22 Patrafico Ag Tablet dispenser
US5405047A (en) * 1991-12-05 1995-04-11 Novo Nordisk A/S Dispenser for pills or tablets
US5178298A (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-01-12 Allina Curtis J Candy dispenser

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10342762B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2019-07-09 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small-volume oral transmucosal dosage forms
EP3730120A1 (en) * 2006-01-06 2020-10-28 AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug storage and dispensing devices and systems comprising the same
US8905964B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2014-12-09 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug storage and dispensing devices and systems comprising the same
US10709881B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2020-07-14 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Apparatus for administering small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms
US10507180B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2019-12-17 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms containing sufentanil for treatment of pain
US9289583B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2016-03-22 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Methods for administering small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms using a dispensing device
US9320710B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2016-04-26 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms containing sufentanil for treatment of pain
US9642996B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2017-05-09 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Methods and apparatus for administering small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms
US9744129B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2017-08-29 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms containing sufentanil for treatment of pain
US10245228B2 (en) 2006-01-06 2019-04-02 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Small volume oral transmucosal dosage forms containing sufentanil for treatment of pain
EP2612645A3 (en) * 2006-01-06 2014-03-12 AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug storage and dispensing devices and systems comprising the same
US9066847B2 (en) 2007-01-05 2015-06-30 Aceirx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage and dispensing devices for administration of oral transmucosal dosage forms
EP2808005A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2014-12-03 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage and dispensing devices for adminsistration of oral transmucosal dosage forms
US9248949B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2016-02-02 Bayer Intellectual Property Gmbh Cartridge, a pharmaceutical dispenser containing the cartridge, and applications of said cartridge and said pharmaceutical dispenser
US10896751B2 (en) 2009-03-18 2021-01-19 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage and dispensing devices for administration of oral transmucosal dosage forms
US11058856B2 (en) 2014-12-23 2021-07-13 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Systems, devices and methods for dispensing oral transmucosal dosage forms

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP1189822B1 (en) A tablet dispenser
WO2000066458A1 (en) A tablet dispenser
US5105981A (en) Selectively shakeable freestanding particulate matter reservoir
US4111338A (en) Wall mounted actuator for aerosol can
US4223812A (en) Wall mounted receptacle for aerosol cans
US3844445A (en) Two-part tablet dispensing receptacle
US8528791B2 (en) Closure device comprising a measuring cap, intended to be connected to a flexible container
JP2007516025A (en) Semi-automatic dispenser for disposable cups
EP1987887A1 (en) Head of a fluid dispensing device, provided with elastic return means
US4244308A (en) Seed drills
WO2008071233A1 (en) Tablet dispenser
US4134521A (en) Napkin dispensing mechanism
US6509534B1 (en) Portable scale
US20090008286A1 (en) Dispenser with a Spout
CH659635A5 (en) Device for dispensing tablets.
US8960492B2 (en) Coin-operated gumball machine
JP4531872B2 (en) Metering container
KR20180048286A (en) Contents passing device, valve, and containing apparatus, contents moving apparatus and contents apparatus having the contents passing device and valve
WO2007106368A2 (en) Dispensing cap
KR102147915B1 (en) A handful rice package box having measuring function
SE515202C2 (en) Tablet dispenser with elongated container
KR20190029381A (en) Contents passing device, valve, and containing apparatus, contents moving apparatus and contents apparatus having the contents passing device and valve
CN210437771U (en) Quantitative box with reset function
KR20180048268A (en) Contents passing device, valve, and containing apparatus, contents moving apparatus and contents apparatus having the contents passing device and valve
JP4370544B2 (en) Charles Tucker

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY CA CH CN CU CZ DE DE DK EE ES FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MD MG MK MN MW MX NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SG SI SK SL TJ TM TR TT UA UG US UZ VN YU ZW

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW SD SL SZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1999929975

Country of ref document: EP

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 46604/99

Country of ref document: AU

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 09959490

Country of ref document: US

REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1999929975

Country of ref document: EP

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 46604/99

Country of ref document: AU

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 1999929975

Country of ref document: EP