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WO2000059595A1 - Installation for simulating skydiving of individuals by the action of an air stream - Google Patents

Installation for simulating skydiving of individuals by the action of an air stream

Info

Publication number
WO2000059595A1
WO2000059595A1 PCT/ES1999/000084 ES9900084W WO0059595A1 WO 2000059595 A1 WO2000059595 A1 WO 2000059595A1 ES 9900084 W ES9900084 W ES 9900084W WO 0059595 A1 WO0059595 A1 WO 0059595A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
air
lower
means
network
wall
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/ES1999/000084
Other languages
Spanish (es)
French (fr)
Inventor
Carlos Guillermo Sidan
Gaston Heavy
Sergio Aliberti
Original Assignee
Escandar, S.L.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63GMERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT
    • A63G31/00Amusement arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D23/00Training of parachutists
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63GMERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT
    • A63G31/00Amusement arrangements
    • A63G2031/005Skydiving

Abstract

The invention relates to an installation to simulate skydiving of individuals by the action of an air stream, comprising a booth (3) defining the vertical channel (12) inside said booth and delimited by an upper net (4) on the top and by a lower net (5) on the bottom having enough space for at least one user; means for generating air (6) producing an air stream at a speed and rate such that at least one user can be suspended in the cabin (3) as the air stream passes upward through the vertical channel (12), an inner wall (13) delimiting the vertical channel (12), formed by a first elastic material at least on its upper half and an outer wall (14) formed by a second rigid material. At least part of the outer wall (14) and part of the inner wall (13) are separated by an intermediate space (16).

Description

TITLE OF INVENTION

INSTALLATION TO SIMULATE FREE FLIGHT PEOPLE, BY

ACTION an airstream

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention belongs to the technical field of installations that can generate currents of controlled air, usually called channels wind or wind tunnels, and more specifically in the field of suitable facilities to implement such airflows to people. Moreover, the invention also pertains to systems industry to simulate a sense of movement, especially flying or floating in the air, both lúdicoε effects as purposes of training or therapy. PRIOR ART OF THE INVENTION

Simulating a movement of people for the purposes of recreation or professional training has been the subject of a wide range of facilities.

Thus, as for recreational facilities, may be mentioned facilities comprising a room whose walls dimensional images are projected, and / or two-dimensional, so that people who are in the room even when they are stationary or quasi- standing in the room, they perceived the sensation of movement in space. Rooms of this type are found in various theme parks, such as the Chinese Pavilion at Disneyworld, Orlando, Florida (USA).

Furthermore, there are known "flight simulators" for pilot training aircraft, but also for the entertainment of people who reproduce the cabin of an aircraft whose windows images, they also create in the user a feeling of project movement . The systems described above can be complemented with mechanical, pneumatic and / or hydraulic, capable of transmitting a certain movement to users These systems are limited to cause a "virtual" sense of movement when in fact it does not produce any or no displacement Real user, especially when it comes to simulate a downward or upward movement. In addition, especially when it comes to systems with the above devices that transmit a motion, the disadvantage that users must be immobilized in seats in stationary positions, that is, users can not move freely presented. Also, to confer a sense of weightlessness or even weightlessness people, there are aircraft used for example for training astronauts, properly equipped for decreases in free fall so that people who are in an inner chamber the aircraft can "fly" in the air for a few minutes. These systems, in addition to allow a period of "floating on air" only very short, for obvious reasons are extremely expensive, as well as involving risks inherent in any airplane flight, such as for example the occurrence of turbulence that can cause a sharp deviation from the plane or serious accidents.

Finally, immersion is also used in swimming pools to train astronauts in weightlessness conditions of semi-which has the disadvantage that users have to use diving equipment, in addition to not cause a sensation of flight users.

They have also been described facilities generating columns of vertically rising air in floating one or more persons, comprising means for generating an air stream; control means for regulating the power flow of the air stream generated by the generating means, channeling means comprising a vertical channel defining a passage for the air stream, directing the air flow generated by the generating means at least one vertically upwards; a cabinet for accommodating at least one person; an outer structure housing at least the outer riser and the cabin; in which cabin defines within the vertical channel of the channeling means, delimited between an upper air outlet and a lower air inlet protected with a first network, and wherein the bottom grid when the installation is in a rest position, forms a flat support for the user; generating means for generating air of an air flow speed and a flow rate such that the passage of the air stream upwardly through the vertical channel can at least maintain elevation to at least one user in the cabin.

Such installations are described for example in patent application WO-A-9627866 and in patent US-A-4,457,509, US-A-45780037, US-A-4,700,565 and US-A-5,593,352 which is incorporated in the herein by reference.

Aforementioned conventional systems have several drawbacks. Thus, in such installations, is not combinable a self-supporting rigidity of the walls of the cockpit with an efficient shock absorption users floating in said cab. Since reliability is essential in this type of installation, and therefore, the inner walls of the cockpit must be susceptible to cushion accidental impacts users booths facilities described for example in US-a-5593352 and US-a-4578037 have fully flexible walls, composed, for example tarpaulins, which must be kept rigid by a system of beams, while in the cabin of the facilities described in the patent application WO-a -9627866 and in US-A-4457509 and US-A-4700565, patent the walls are rigid and therefore only have a damping effect of accidental impact of insufficient users only.

Moreover, if desired projecting visible images for users located within the flight deck, the flexible walls may be translucent booths facilities described in US-A-5593352 and US patents a-4578037, can not be provided clear images in view of the same flexible walls cause deformation resulting in distortion of projected images.

The present invention aims to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks by providing a facility that enables users to "float" or

"Fly" in a vertical stream of air for long periods of time, which is positionable at any location, fixed or portable, and cost of construction or manufacturing enabling use by much of the public, both for entertainment purposes as for training purposes or even therapeutic, such as people suffering from generalized anxiety disorder and also safe and able to provide a virtual environment using images clearly visible to users who are in the cockpit.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention defined above object is achieved by a device for simulating the free flight of people, by the action of an air stream, comprising means for generating an air stream; control means for regulating the power flow the air stream generated by the generating means; channellers means comprising at least one vertical channel defining a passage for the air stream, directing the air flow generated by the generating means in at least one vertically upwards; a cabinet for accommodating at least one person; an outer structure housing at least the riser and the cabin; in which installation the cabin defines within the vertical channel of the channeling means, delimited between an upper air outlet protected with an upper network and a lower air inlet protected with at least a first lower network; the cabin is bounded above by the upper grid and below by the lower network with enough space to accommodate at least having a user; forming at least the first lower network, when the installation is at a standstill, a supporting floor for the user; generating means air generate an air flow speed and a flow rate such that the passage of the air stream upwardly through the vertical channel can at least maintain elevation to at least one user in the cabin, in which installing the cabin comprises an inner wall defining the vertical channel, formed at least in the upper half of a first resilient material and an outer wall at least partially formed by a second rigid material, and the inner wall formed by the first material It is spaced at least part of the outer wall (14) and the inner wall (13) by an interspace (16).

The first material forming the inner wall is an elastic material for the inner wall padding to protect users who are inside the cabin knocks. Between the inner wall and the outer wall is provided a large enough clearance for lateral deformations of the elastic inner wall caused by user impacts against the inner wall do not come into abutment with the outer wall. Preferably, the air stream is fed to the air inlet of the vertical channel from at least one collecting duct preferably has a hollow frustoconical overall configuration, which collects at least the air flow generated by means of aforementioned generation. Said manifold conduit, can accommodate a plurality of air manifolds.

The vertical channel defined inside the cabin has a substantially cylindrical configuration, and is preferably frustoconical. By configuring truncated cone, it is achieved force the air stream to progressively decrease in its upward passage whereby, in addition to achieving create a stream of uniform air, it prevents users may be raised in excess and pinched against the upper network. Preferably, the side walls of the cabin open upward in 3 to 72.

The top web defining the top of the cab is preferably resilient to prevent injury to users who may accidentally impact on the network. For safety, the upper web may further be formed by padded meshes.

The first lower network inferiorly delimits the cabin, may be rigid or flexible and conforms in addition, when an airflow strong enough to raise the users is not generated, the floor on which can walk or stand users .

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the vertical channel is provided with a mechanism that vertically moves the first lower network from a lower position to an upper position and vice versa, in the vertical channel. The purpose of this mechanism is to lower the first network to the lower position when it has generated a current of air strong enough to keep the floating users, and again raise the first lower to its upper position network when reduced the power of the air stream so that users can be supported stably on the lower net before leaving the cab.

In another preferred embodiment of the invention, in the vertical channel it is further arranged a second lower network of elastic material disposed in a top to the first bottom grid position. In this embodiment, the first lower network is vertically displaceable relative to the second lower network between at least close to the second lower network upper position and a second lower position spaced from the second lower network, by a lifting and lowering.

In a further embodiment, the second lower network is vertically displaceable relative to the first lower network between at least close to the first lower network lower position and a second upper position spaced from the first lower network, by a lifting and lowering .

In embodiments where the first are provided and the second lower network, the purpose of lowering the first lower network to the lower position or to raise the second lower network are forming a fully elastic carrier to users, forming a stable floor for users consisting of the lower network when the power of the air stream is reduced for users to settle on the bottom web before leaving the cabin, and to expand the space available for the user or users found floating in the cabin when there has been a stream of air strong enough to keep the floating users. Both the first lower network as the second lower network can be formed by padded meshes.

In one embodiment of the invention for a better use of the energy used to generate the air stream, the channeling means further comprises at least an upper half baffle deflects the air stream exiting the air outlet of the riser, such that the upstream air flow is inverted to a downward direction, and at least a lower half baffle recirculating air flow to the air inlet of the vertical channel together with the exiting air flow of generating means. In another embodiment of the channeling means, the exiting air flow from the upper outlet of the vertical chamber, is collected in conduits recirculating stream exhaust air to the air inlet to the riser.

Preferably, the flow of recirculated air is fed through the vertical chamber collecting duct described above. At least the upper half baffle means and lower baffle the air inlet can be located in a cylindrical chamber formed within the outer structure.

Preferably the channeling means further comprises first correcting means flow of air stream, located below the first lower network. Such means are intended to prevent the formation of turbulence in the air stream passing through the riser to form a uniform flow that prevents violent and / or uncontrolled movements of users.

Such correctors are preferably localized flow in the manifold and can comprise, in known manner, a plurality of parallel vertical pipes whose walls are fixed or adjustable fins channeling position. The first material which at least partially forms the inner wall and the second material at least partially form the outer wall, can be translucent or transparent materials, so that users are inside the cabin may have visibility outside and / or they can be observed from inside.

The installation can further comprise projection means conventional per se, for projecting still or moving images such as movies, on the inner wall or the outer wall of the cabin, and sound equipment conventional in themselves can emit paging announcements , music etc.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the inner wall of the cabinet formed by the first material is transparent and the outer wall of the cabinet formed by the second material is translucent. In this embodiment, images are projected on the outer surface of the translucent outer wall of the cabin and, because of the transparency of the inner wall of the cabin, are visible to users located inside the cabin.

It is also possible to make the outer wall of the cabin of an opaque material and the inner wall of a translucent material and projecting images on the outer surface of the inner wall made of a translucent material from projection means located in the free space formed between the outer wall and the inner wall.

For user access to the cabin, it preferably has a lateral access door in which case the floor user support formed by at least the first lower network is the height of the side access door, at least when the installation is in a rest position. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, there is access to the side access door of the cabin through a passageway or access chamber, accessible from an exterior door, so that the doors and the access chamber or hallway they operate as a lock. This embodiment is especially advantageous in view that keeps running at a reduced rate of power generating means of the air stream, when users enter or leave the cabin without escaping flows from the gateway to outside the installation. It is also possible to provide access to the cab from the top of the cabin, in which case the upper network must have removable fastening means itself conventional. Generating means airflow can be equipment itself conventional and should have sufficient power to generate a current having a uniform between 175 and 225 m / h at all points of the cross section of car speed, and can consist of one or several motors, preferably electric motors provided with propellers. The propellers are preferably static variable angle, for example made of duralumin 650,000 m 3 / h of lOOmm pressure water column. Advantageously, each of the motors has a power regulator to allow sequential starting and air regulation according to the needs of each moment. Suitable motors are electric motors, for example 400 power motor / propeller direct coupling. Installation can be further provided with means for regulating temperature and humidity suitable in view of the high air velocity in the flight deck, it causes feeling cold and can produce a dehydrating effect on users. Said regulating means are preferably located at the bottom of the installation so that the air stream passing the cabin can be heated and humidified.

Installation can be sized for a single user or user groups and can be fixed or transportable. The installation of the present invention may take the form of recreation, such as an attraction at fairs or theme parks or used for example in training civil or military or for the treatment of certain psychological disorders paratroopers, for example anxiety syndromes widespread.

Conveniently, users of the facility must be equipped with protective equipment such as protective suits, helmets and protective goggles to avoid the risk of injury.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

The invention at figures in which Figure 1 is a general schematic side sectional view of an embodiment of the installation according to the invention will now be described based; Figure 2 is a schematic top plan view from the line AA shown in Figure 1; Figure 3 is a schematic side section is the bottom of the cabin and collecting duct in position accessible to users; Figure 4 is a schematic side section is the bottom of the cabin and collecting duct in the actuating position of the installation; Figure 5 is a schematic cross section through the plane of the first network, corresponding to Figure 4; Figure 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view in which can be seen the means for regulating temperature and humidity.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In the figures the reference numerals designate the following elements:

1 exterior lock chamber 2

3 cab for users on the 3rd air outlet

3b air inlet

4 upper elastic net

5 first lower network 6/2 generators airflow

7 collecting duct

8/2 top spoilers

9/2 lower deflectors

10/2 image projectors interior support structure 11

12 vertical channel

Inner wall 13 of the cabin (3)

14 outer wall of the cabin (3)

15 outer cylindrical chamber 16 space

lower second network 17

18 perimeter frame

Correcting means 19 flow

Mechanism 20 lifting and lowering the piston 20a up and down in the first lower network (5)

20b up and down rod of the first lower network (5)

21 side access door 22 outside door

23 corridor access

24 reception room

Ring 25 upper fixing

26 fixing ring 27 lower entryway

Air manifolds 28

29/2 regulating temperature and humidity insulating material 29a

29b 29c heat radiating materials nozzles pressurized water heating duct 29d

29e feeding means atmospheric air

In Figure 1 it can be seen schematically an embodiment of the installation of the invention designed for simultaneous use of 4-5.

According to this embodiment, users access the installation by a waiting room 24 from accessing, through a corridor 23 access and an entrance hall 27, a lock chamber 2 to the flotation cabin 3. Users access to the lock chamber 2 and the outer door 22 from said chamber to the car 3 flotation lateral access door 23.

By accessing the car 3, users tread on a first lower network 5 which is vertically movable by a lifting and lowering mechanism (not shown in Figure 1) and is in its upper position. In shown embodiment, the first lower network 5 is made of rigid material, such as aluminum alloy or steel and coated form itself by conventional padding.

The cabin 3 has a trunk configuration inverted cone with an opening up of the inner surface of wall 13 inside of 3 degrees. The inner wall 13 is made of an elastic and transparent material and is separated in a 14 rigid and translucent outer wall of the car 3 by a gap 16 (see Figures 3 and 4) so ​​that if a user impactase against inner wall

13, the stroke is damped by a corresponding outward deformation of the inner wall 13 and the deformation is "absorbed" in the free space 16.

Optionally, the gap 16 may be filled with a soft material such as foam rubber, which allows further dampen and absorb such deformation. The upper part 3b of the car 3 is closed by an upper net 4 of resilient material and padded cushioning meshes potential impacts of users. Based on the above features, the car 3 is capable of forming a fully elasticated carrier. Inferiorly the car 3 opens into a manifold 7 which in turn houses a flow correcting means not shown in Figure 1. The manifold 7 has frustoconical configuration and is positioned above the generating means 6 airflow compounds of elements itself conventional. The car 3 and the internal passage collector duct 7 forms a vertical channel 12 by the upwardly flowing air stream produced by the generating means 6.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, the lock chamber 2, the cabin 3 with its outer and inner walls

13.14, manifold conduit 7 and the generating means 6 are located inside an outer frame 1 which internally defines a cylindrical airlock. The cabin

3 has a height of approximately 8 meters. At the top of the cylindrical chamber formed in the outer frame upper half baffle 8 provided on the bottom of the cylindrical chamber formed within the outer structure they are arranged

1. These means lower baffles 9 are capable of reversing the direction of the air stream exiting upstream vertical channel 12 in the upper end 3a of the car 3 toward lower baffle means

9 again reverse the direction of air flow from the upper baffle means 8 and said airstream channeled into air manifolds 28 that are located inside the collector duct 7. Thus the strength of current recirculated air is added to the force of the airstream produced by the generating means 6 driven by the vertical channel 12. in the embodiment shown in figure 1, the lower baffle means 9, the generating means 6, the collecting duct 7 and the car 3 are mounted in an interior support structure 11. in the inner wall of the cylindrical chamber formed by the outer structure 10 are arranged projecting means projecting itself conventional video images on translucent outer wall 14 of the car 3 so that the projected images are visible to users through the transparent inner wall 13 of the car 3 in one to angle of 360 degrees. Conveniently, for this the cylindrical chamber defined within the general structure 1 forms a dark space.

In Figure 2 can be seen schematically an embodiment of the car 3 comprising the upper net 4, the inner 13 and outer 14 walls, the first wall 5 vertically movable lower network, the second lower network

17 and a ring 25 and upper clamp ring lower mounting, keeping in position the walls 13, 14 so that the car 3 is rigid as a whole. In Figure 2 can further be appreciated the side access door 21 provided inwardly of the car 3 with cushioned, the door 21 is disposed at the bottom of the car 3. In this embodiment, the bottom of the inner wall 13 it is also made of a rigid material and provided with a padding, while hand top (about 75% of its total height) is an elastic and transparent material.

3 shows schematically an embodiment of the mechanism that vertically moves the first lower network 5 from an upper to a lower position and vice versa, in the vertical channel 12. In this figure, the first network 5 is in its upper position such so that the network 5 forms a stable floor for users accessing the car 3. in this embodiment, the first lower network 5 is comprised within a perimeter frame 18 coupled metal to the means of ascent and descent 20 and guided in vertical slots (not shown) provided on the inner wall of the ring lower attachment 26. in this embodiment, there are provided at least two means of ascent and descent 20 each of which consists essentially of a 20th piston hydraulically or pneumatically with a rod 20b coupled to the perimeter frame 18. the raising and lowering means 20 are provided in the bottom of the space

16 between the outer wall 14 and inner wall 13 of the cabinet 3. As shown in Figure 4, the actuation 20a pistons move vertically downward 20b rods and, this, the first lower network 5 such so that the second network 17 inferiorly delimits lower chamber 3.

5 shows in more detail but schematically, the configuration of the perimeter frame 18 comprising the first lower network 5 as well as the location of the means of ascent and descent 20 and corrective flow 19 and the collector duct 7 .

Figure 6 schematically shows the location can media regulating temperature and humidity. In the embodiment shown, the lower baffle 9 comprises a lower layer on the 19th constituted by a thermal insulating material, and an upper layer 29b of a heat conductive material, preferably aluminum, which allows the passage of heat radiated from heating ducts 29d by running one hot fluid (liquid, such as water or gas such as air) arranged inside the lower baffle 9. the hot fluid is generated by means conventional in themselves, such as boiler heating capacity calculated based on the size and the proportions of the installation. For cases in which the temperature reduction is necessary 29e they are provided hatchways for atmospheric air intake. Also at the bottom of the installation can be seen jets of water, possibly provided with spraying means 29c pressure. The means for regulating temperature and humidity are governed by control systems are conventional in themselves, capable, depending on for example the weather conditions outside the one hand, to maintain the temperature and humidity in the cabin 3 in a predetermined range and, second, drivable at will by staff controller according to specific needs.

In the embodiment shown in the figures, in the reception room 24, users a suit and a helmet specially designed to be placed.

From room 24, users foot or transported by a conveyor (not shown in Figures) pass through the passage 23, and will enter the car 3 through the passageway 27 and the lock chamber 2. Initially, the floor of the car 3 is composed of the first and second lower network 5, 17, so that the users to have a stable floor, until the application of the air stream that rises users starts. Once sufficient power generated by the generating means 6, so that the float people, the first lower network 5 moves vertically downward as limiting leaving at the lower end of the cabin, to the second lower elastic network 17. Both networks are calculated so that its strength is adequate for the purpose, when finished the game session people slowly falling product inertial velocity generating means 6, while the net 5 will again be put at the same level the elastic net 17, thus achieving users to retell a stable floor where they can get a foothold.

Arranged users inside the cabin 3, the generating means 6 start to drive a column of air, until it has sufficient speed to raise the group of people, which thus remain floating in the air inside the cabin 3 while projecting images on their walls films such as for example, cause a feeling of virtual transport users to the scene of the shooting of the film.

So that each user can have the filming of his experience, there will be a set of video recorders and a mixer, taxed on videotape what happened inside the game camera. The helmet may further transceiver means providing sound to enable the projected accompany with corresponding sounds film, in addition to allowing voice communication between each user and the guard facility personnel.

In a practical embodiment of the installation shown in the figures, the outer shell 1 will consist of a metal cylinder or cement (the best suited from the technical point of view), will have an approximate height of 30 meters with a diameter of about 15 meters, which will be mounted on a foundation (not shown). Access to the interior of the outer structure 1 will enable the aisle 23, formed for example as a tunnel includes a straight smooth mechanical (similar to a conveyor belt with their respective rails) which start from the waiting room.

The interior support structure 11 constituted for example by a plurality of perimetraleε columns, will be calculated to support a weight of about 25 tons, and will be designed to produce less interference in the air velocity, the peripheral columns have the same height as the external structure.

means higher deflectors 8 comprised of four upper deflectors lower baffle means 9 comprised by three lower deflectoreε may be provided (since there the speed of airflow is greater) and.

Generating means 6 of the air stream can comprise a set of helices of variable angle of attack (static) fed with electrical and regulators motors individual power, allowing a sequential start and a handling air velocity according to specific needs accurately, allowing to reach a final speed of the air stream in the order of 225km / h. Flow correctors 19 will enable the generation of a homogeneous air current without turbulence, so that users who are inside the cab 3 can monitor their movements at will.

The waiting room 24 may be designed to further comprise costume and / or room command, where is located the plant operator with all controls power thereof and will be responsible for the vision through a group of monitors intake / output thereto, the inlet / outlet, the internal view of the cab and the power control generating means 6 which are also in charge of the operator according to the needs printed more or less power to set . The outer door 22 will be located in the periphery of the outer shell 1 and the access door 21 side to be located at the bottom of the car 3. The opening and closing of these doors 21, 22 will be commanded by the operator, since its opening should not be simultaneous, they will be assisted with servomechanisms and be of folding type with seal to avoid aerodynamic losses. Between these two gates there will be a lock chamber 2 which allows the stay of the user group leaving or entering the cabin, the camera 2 has an aerodynamic shape in order to avoid losses in the system.

Because the speed of the air stream with the computer, which is in the order 175/190 km / h, the prevailing wind chill therein will be very low, even considering the temperature generated by the drive unit operates, for which the adjustment means of temperature and humidity that generate a feeling of comfort is incorporated. According to the above, the projectors means 10 can be designed so that they are able to project movies around the perimeter of the cabin 3 and, conveniently 75% of its greater height. Media projectors may be located in groups of two to ten have projection angles completing 360 degrees. Projectors lower cover 50% of the height of the translucent wall 14, ie from the gateway 21 to the center of the screen, while the other five projectors cover the top of the screen. This whole system is controlled by a computer program, so that the firing of all the projectors is simultaneous and selection of the film is instant, and by ensuring that users who are inside the car 3 have a sense of reality Total. The facility may also have a system of video monitoring composed of a set of microchambers filming strategically located inside the car 3 so that through a group of monitors located in the control room, possible the monitoring and supervision of what happens inside the cab. These micro cameras will be also connected to a group video for recording many videos as commercial circumstances demand. Recorded images can also be transmitted to virtual helmets for those who for various reasons have yet been able to enter the car 3 and found in the waiting room 24.

The outer wall 14 of the car 3 can be constructed in its lower part (about 25% of the height) of metal so as to support the access door 21 to the car 3, and the upper part of a material translucent whose purpose will be be the projection screen around its perimeter (360) with uniform optical characteristics so that there is no interference between the projector 10 and the wall 14, to achieve a clean, crisp, uniform image over the entire surface, thus achieving the maximum sense of reality.

The inner wall 13 of the cab 3 is constructed of a resilient and transparent material in at least its upper half and be spaced at about OMCL outer wall 14, so that between the two remaining space 16 which serves as a buffer to prevent in the case that for some reason a user accidentally impactase against the inner wall 13, injuries are avoided.

Claims

What is claimed
1. Installation to simulate the free flight of people, by the action of an air stream, comprising generating means (6) of an air flow; control means for regulating the power flow the air stream generated by the generating means
(6); channellers means (7,8,9,12) comprising at least one vertical channel (12) defining a passage for the air stream, directing the air flow generated by the generating means (6) in at least one vertically upward; a cabin (3) for accommodating at least one person; an outer frame (1) housing at least the outside vertical channel (12) and the cabin (3); wherein the cabin (3) defines within the vertical channel
(12) of the channeling means (7,8,9,12), delimited between an upper air outlet (3a) protected with an upper net (4), and a lower air inlet (3b) protected with at least one first lower network (5); the cabin (3) is bounded above by the upper net (4) and below by the lower net (5) with sufficient space, to cover at least one user; forming at least the first lower network (5), when the installation is in a rest position, a support floor for the user; generating means air (6) generate an air flow speed and a flow rate such that the passage of the air stream upwardly through the vertical channel (12) can at least maintain elevation to at least one user in the cab (3) characterized in that the cabin (3) comprises an inner wall (13) delimiting the vertical channel (12) formed at least in the upper half of a first resilient material, and an outer wall (14) formed by a second rigid material, it is spaced at least part of the outer wall (14) and the inner wall (13) by an interspace (16).
2. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical channel (12) defined inside the cabin (3) is cylindrical.
3. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical channel (12) defined inside the cabin (3) is shaped as inverted truncated cone.
4. Installation according to claim 3, wherein the vertical channel (12) defined inside the cab (3) has an opening up of between 3 and 7 or.
5. Installation according to claim 1, wherein the first material at least partially forms the inner wall (13) of the cabin (3), is at least translucent material.
6. Installation according to claim 1, wherein the first material at least partially forms the inner wall (13), is at least translucent material and that the second material at least partially form the outer wall (14), is a material at least translucent.
7. Installation according to claim 6, wherein the first material is transparent and the second material is translucent.
8. Installation according to claim 5, 6 or 7, further comprising projection means for projecting images onto the inside wall (13).
9. Installation according to claim 5, 6, 7 or 8, further comprising projection means for projecting images on the outer wall (14).
10. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the channeling means (7,8,9,12) further comprises at least an upper half baffle (8) which deflects the air stream exiting the air outlet (3a) Vertical channel (12), so that the upstream air flow is inverted to a downward direction, and at least a lower half baffle (9) recirculating the airflow to the air inlet (3b) Vertical channel (12) together with the exiting air flow generating means (6).
11. Installation according to claim the 10, wherein the air stream is fed to the air inlet (3b) of vertical channel (12) from at least one collector duct (7).
12. Installation according to claim 10 or 11, wherein at least the upper half baffle (8), the lower half baffle (9) and the air inlet (3b) are contained in a cylindrical chamber (15) formed within the outer structure (1).
13. Installation according to claim 1 or 10 wherein the ducting (7,8,9,12) means further comprises first flow corrector means (19) of the air stream.
14. Installation according to claim 1, wherein the upper web (4) is elastic.
15. Installation according to claim 1 or 14, wherein the upper web (4) is formed by padded meshes.
16. Installation according to claim 1, further comprising a mechanism (18, 20, 20a, 20b) that vertically moves the first bottom web (5) from a lower position to an upper position and vice versa, in the vertical channel (12 ).
17. Installation according to claim 1 or 16, wherein the first lower network (5) is elastic.
18. Installation according to claim 1 or 16, wherein the first lower network (5) is rigid.
19. Installation according to any of claims 1 or 16-18, further comprising a second lower network (17) of elastic material disposed in a top to the first bottom net (5) position.
20. Installation according to claim 19, wherein the first lower network (5) is vertically displaceable relative to the second lower network (17) between at least close to the second lower network (17) upper position and a second lower position spaced from the second lower network, by a lifting and lowering mechanism (18, 20, 20a, 20b, 20c).
21. Installation according to claim 19, wherein the second lower network (17) is vertically displaceable relative to the first lower network (5) between at least close to the first lower network (5) lower position and a second upper position spaced from the first lower network, by a lifting and lowering mechanism (18, 20a, 20b, 20c).
22. Installation according to claims 1 to 21, wherein the first lower network (5) is formed by padded meshes.
23. Installation according to claims 1 or 16 to 21, wherein the second lower network (17) is formed by padded meshes.
24. Installation according to claim 1, wherein the cabin (3) has an access door (21) side.
25. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the floor support for the user consists of at least the first lower network (5), is at the height of a side access door (21), at least when the installation is in a standstill.
26. Installation according to claim 10, comprising the lower half baffle 9 is formed by a deflector having a plurality of heating pipes (29d) through which flows a heating fluid, a top layer of thermally conductive material (29b) that It allows passage of the heat provided by the heating fluid, and a lower layer insulating (29a).
27. Installation according to claim 1, further comprising at least one pressurized water nozzle (29c) through which the air stream ascending through the cabin (3) is humidified.
PCT/ES1999/000084 1999-03-30 1999-03-30 Installation for simulating skydiving of individuals by the action of an air stream WO2000059595A1 (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/ES1999/000084 WO2000059595A1 (en) 1999-03-30 1999-03-30 Installation for simulating skydiving of individuals by the action of an air stream

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WO2005058697A1 (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-06-30 Francesco Gentile A structure for raising persons by means of an air flow
FR2889969A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2007-03-02 Nicolas Gil Free fall simulator for person e.g. sky diver, has aerodynamic vein comprising lateral wall constituted of flexible material film that connects end frames to superstructure whose rigid elements are moved away from wall
EP2334553A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2011-06-22 Indoor Skydiving Bottrop GmbH Free fall simulator
USRE43028E1 (en) 1998-09-23 2011-12-13 Skyventure, Llc Vertical wind tunnel training device

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USRE43028E1 (en) 1998-09-23 2011-12-13 Skyventure, Llc Vertical wind tunnel training device
US7572189B2 (en) 2003-12-16 2009-08-11 Free Flight S.R.L. Structure for raising persons by means of an air flow
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FR2889969A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2007-03-02 Nicolas Gil Free fall simulator for person e.g. sky diver, has aerodynamic vein comprising lateral wall constituted of flexible material film that connects end frames to superstructure whose rigid elements are moved away from wall
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EP2334553A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2011-06-22 Indoor Skydiving Bottrop GmbH Free fall simulator
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