WO2000051477A1 - Placemat having antimicrobial agent - Google Patents

Placemat having antimicrobial agent Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2000051477A1
WO2000051477A1 PCT/US2000/005469 US0005469W WO0051477A1 WO 2000051477 A1 WO2000051477 A1 WO 2000051477A1 US 0005469 W US0005469 W US 0005469W WO 0051477 A1 WO0051477 A1 WO 0051477A1
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WO
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
placemat
antimicrobial
silver
agent
zeolite
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2000/005469
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
John E. Barry
Jeffrey A. Trogolo
Steven A. Holley
Original Assignee
Healthshield Technologies L.L.C.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G23/00Other table equipment
    • A47G23/03Underlays for glasses or drinking-vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/34Shaped forms, e.g. sheets, not provided for in any other sub-group of this main group
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUSE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/01Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients characterized by their specific function

Abstract

A placemat having a surface with which food or utensils come into contact and the material forming the surface contains an inorganic antimicrobial agent. The placemat can be formed fROm a plastic resin containing the antimicrobial agent or the agent being contained in a coating or laminate layer applied to a base layer of the placemat.

Description

PLACEMAT HAVING ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to placemats having antimicrobial properties.

Background of the Invention

Placemats are in common use in connection with serving food. In general, a placemat is put onto the table and common utensils, such as a fork, knife and a spoon, are placed on it. A dish containing the food also is usually put onto the placemat. The placemats are commonly of a material, such as plastic, which is wiped off with a damp cloth. However, wiping the placemat does not sanitize it, i.e., kill bacteria, and often residues of food remain. After wiping, a number of the placemats are stored in a stack. Several of these factors contribute to the possibility of multiplication and transfer of bacteria. That is, when the placemats are damp or contain a residue of food and are stored in a stack, an ideal environment for bacteria growth is provided. Bacteria on the placemat is transferred to the utensils placed on the mat which can then be transferred to the person eating the food with the utensils.

It would therefore be desirable to provide a placemat which inhibits the growth of bacteria. Brief Description of the Invention

The present invention is directed to a placemat having antimicrobial properties. In accordance with the invention, the placemat is made of a material such as a natural material or plastic resin containing an antimicrobial agent, preferably of the inorganic type. The placemat also can be of a base having a layer or coating of a material containing the agent applied to it. The placemat may be flexible or rigid. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the antimicrobial agent is a zeolite. The placemats of the invention can be prepared as a single layer of a polymer containing an antimicrobial agent. Alternatively, the placemats may comprise two or more polymeric layers, wherein at least one of the layers contains an antimicrobial agent. In a preferred embodiment of a placemat having more than one polymeric layer, the top layer of the placemat (or outer layer if the placemat is laminated on both sides) contains the antimicrobial agent.

Objects of the Invention

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a placemat having antimicrobial properties.

Another object is to provide a placemat made of a material containing an antimicrobial agent or having a coating or layer of a material containing the agent thereon.

An additional object is to provide a placemat made of a material containing a zeolite.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent upon reference to the following specification and annexed drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a placemat made of a solid material containing the antimicrobial agent; and

Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a placemat made by applying a layer of the material to an underlying base.

Detailed Description of the Invention

Fig. 1 shows a placemat 1 0 of one piece of plastic which can be of any suitable size and shape of a plastic material that has antimicrobial properties. The plastic resin used for forming the placemat contains an inorganic antimicrobial agent. A preferred inorganic antimicrobial agent that can be incorporated into a resin suitable for the placemat is an antibiotic zeolite and particularly zeolites incorporated as ceramic particles. Suitable zeolites and a method for incorporating them into the resin are disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,938,955. The resins can be those such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, ABS resins and others disclosed in said patent.

Polymeric materials that are suitable for the placemats of the invention include high density polyethylene, low density polyethylene, ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, polypropylene, polycarbonate, acrylic resins, polyvinyl chloride ("PVC") or flexible polyvinyl chloride ("FPVC"), polyurethane, polyurethane foam, nylon, polyester, or other polymers, or blends thereof.

The antimicrobial ceramic is combined with resins to between 5% and 30% by weight to form a concentrated masterbatch. The concentrate is then combined with resin to reduce to the final concentration in the particular layer of interest to between 0.1 and 20%, preferably 0.5 to 1 0%, most preferably 1 to 5% .

If the placemat is a multilayer laminated structure, after formation of each layer the layers are bonded together, either by heat or adhesive. For example, when a flexible PVC sheet is used, the inorganic antibacterial material may be laminated to one or both sides of a polyurethane foam sheet. The structure may be formed in long sheets, from which the placemat is cut. Alternatively, the placemat can be formed from a synthetic fiber which can be formed into a mat. The antimicrobial ceramic may be incorporated into the fiber resin as a concentrate during manufacture, either as a masterbatch pellet or liquid slurry. The fiber can be used exclusively to manufacture the mat, or it may be combined with treated or untreated natural or synthetic fibers.

A placemat fabricated from a natural material, such as cotton, wool, wood, paper, hemp or other natural fibers can be made to have antimicrobial properties by treating with a solution containing a resin binder and an antimicrobial ceramic. Suitable binders include acrylic, silicone, cellulose, polyurethane, epoxy and vinyl-based resins. The inorganic antimicrobial agent may be added in the amount of 0.1 to 50% of the solids in the mat or fiber processing, preferably 0.5 to 40%, most preferably 1 to 30% . The fiber can be treated either before or after forming into the mat.

The zeolite is kneaded into the resin and the composite of the resin and the zeolite is then processed, such as by rolling the composite into sheets which is then cured, such as by heating. The resins also can contain the additives necessary to achieve other features such as color and degree of softness and flexibility. The composite also can be subjected to an extruding or molding process to form the flat sheets of desired thickness. In the placemat 1 0 of Fig. 1 , the sheet of material processed is thick enough to form the placemat. Thus, the agent will be present throughout the entire placemat and on both surfaces which can be available for placement of food and/or utensils.

In the embodiment of Fig. 2, the sheet is thinner and is used as a laminate layer 22 over a base layer 20. The base layer 20 is of any suitable material, such as plastic, cloth or a foam type plastic. The plastic of the base layer can be of a different type and/or have different characteristics than that of the laminate layer 22 containing the antimicrobial agent. The laminate layer 22 is affixed to the base layer 20 by any suitable process, for example, molding, heat bonding, adhesive, etc. In this embodiment the agent is available on only one surface of the placemat.

In a preferred embodiment, the material for the mat 1 0 and the layer 22 has the following properties: type of resin polyethylene material of agent silver zeolite weight % of agent 0.5 - 5.0% (1 .0% preferred) In mixture

particle size of agent 0.8 - 2.5 microns (1 .0 micron preferred)

In both embodiments the agent still leaves the surface of the placemat smooth if the size of the agent particles is kept small. The surface can be made slightly rough by making the particle size larger.

In a variant of forming the laminate layer 22, particles of the agent can be incorporated into a liquid polymer such as polyurethane, silicone rubber, polyglycerine and similar materials which is then painted or sprayed onto the base layer 20.

In each of the embodiments, the antimicrobial agent is available on the entire surface of the placemat 1 0, where there are potential bacteria growth sites. While zeolites are preferred, other antimicrobial agents are also suitable as described below and would be processed in the same manner with the resin.

As to the inorganic antimicrobial agent incorporated in the resin, a number of metal ions, which are inorganic materials, have been shown to possess antibiotic activity, including silver, copper, zinc, mercury, tin, lead, bismuth, cadmium, chromium and thallium ions. These antibiotic metal ions are believed to exert their effects by disrupting respiration and electron transport systems upon absorption into bacterial or fungal cells. Antimicrobial metal ions of silver, gold, copper and zinc, in particular, are considered safe even for in vivo use. Antimicrobial silver ions are particularly useful for in vivo use due to the fact that they are not substantially absorbed into the body. That is, if such materials are used in the plastic resin forming the placemat they should pose no hazard for humans.

In one embodiment of the invention, the inorganic antimicrobial metal containing composition is an antimicrobial metal salt. Such salts include silver acetate, silver benzoate, silver carbonate, silver ionate, silver iodide, silver lactate, silver laureate, silver nitrate, silver oxide, silver palpitate, silver protein, and silver sulfadiazine. Silver nitrate is preferred. These salts are particularly quick acting, as no release from ceramic particles is necessary to function antimicrobially.

Antimicrobial zeolites are preferred. These have been prepared by replacing all or part of the ion-exchangeable ions in zeolite with ammonium ions and antimicrobial metal ions, as described in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,938,958 and 4,91 1 ,898. Such zeolites have been incorporated in antimicrobial resins (as shown in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,938,955 and 4,906,464); polymer articles (U.S. Patent No. 4,775,585), and films (U.S. Patent No. 5,556,699) . Polymers including the antimicrobial zeolites have been used to make refrigerators, dish washers, rice cookers, plastic film, chopping boards, vacuum bottles, plastic pails, and garbage containers. Other materials in which antimicrobial zeolites have been incorporated include flooring, wall paper, cloth, paint, napkins, plastic automobile parts, catheters, bicycles, pens, toys, sand, and concrete. Examples of such uses are described, for example, in U.S. Patents 5,71 4,445; 5,697,203; 5,562,872; 5, 1 80,585; 5,71 4,430; and 5, 1 02,401 . These applications involve slow release of antimicrobial silver from the zeolite particles which is suitable for the placemats of the invention. Antimicrobial ceramic particles useful with the present invention include zeolites, hydroxy apatite, zirconium phosphates or other ion-exchange ceramics. Zeolites are preferred, and are described in the preferred embodiments referred to below. Hydroxy apatite particles containing antimicrobial metals are described, e.g., in U.S. Patent No. 5,009,898. Zirconium phosphates containing antimicrobial metals are described, e.g., in U.S. Patent Nos. 5,296,238; 5,441 ,71 7; and 5,405,644.

Antimicrobial zeolites are well-known and can be prepared for use in the present invention using known methods. These include the antimicrobial zeolites disclosed, for example, in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,938,958 and 4,91 1 ,898.

Either natural zeolites or synthetic zeolites can be used to make the antimicrobial zeolites used in the present invention. "Zeolite" is an aluminosilicate having a three dimensional skeletal structure that is represented by the formula: XM2/nO-AI2O3-YSiO2-ZH2O. M represents an ion-exchangeable ion, generally a monovalent or divalent metal ion, n represents the atomic valency of the (metal) ion, X and Y represent coefficients of metal oxide and silica respectively, and Z represents the number of water of crystallization. Examples of such zeolites include A-type zeolites, X-type zeolites, Y-type zeolites, T-type zeolites, high-silica zeolites, sodalite, mordenite, analcite, clinoptilolite, chabazite and erionite. The present invention is not restricted to use of these specific zeolites.

The ion-exchange capacities of these zeolites are as follows: A-type zeolite = 7 meq/g; X-type zeolite = 6.4 meq/g; Y-type zeolite = 5 meq/g; T-type zeolite = 3.4 meq/g; sodalite = 1 1 .5 meq/g; mordenite = 2.6 meq/g; analcite = 5 meq/g; clinoptilolite = 2.6 meq/g; chabazite

= 5 meq/g; and erionite = 3.8 meq/g. These ion-exchange capacities are sufficient for the zeolites to undergo ion-exchange with ammonium and antimicrobial metal ions.

The specific surface area of preferred zeolite particles is preferably at least 1 50m2/g (anhydrous zeolite as standard) and the

SiO2/AI2O3 mol ratio in the zeolite composition is preferably less than 1 4, more preferably less than 1 1 .

The antibiotic metal ions used in the antimicrobial zeolites should be retained on the zeolite particles through an ion-exchange reaction. Antibiotic metal ions which are adsorbed or attached without an ion-exchange reaction exhibit a decreased bacteriocidal effect and their antimicrobial effect is not long-lasting. Nevertheless, it is advantageous for imparting quick antimicrobial action to maintain a sufficient amount of surface adsorbed metal ion.

In the ion-exchange process, the antimicrobial metal ions tend to be converted into their oxides, hydroxides, basic salts etc. either in the micropores or on the surfaces of the zeolite and also tend to deposit there, particularly when the concentration of metal ions in the vicinity of the zeolite surface is high. Such deposition tends to adversely affect the bacteriocidal properties of ion-exchanged zeolite. In an embodiment of the antimicrobial zeolites, a relatively low degree of ion exchange is employed to obtain superior bacteriocidal properties. It is believed to be required that at least a portion of the zeolite particles retain metal ions having bacteriocidal properties at ion-exchangeable sites of the zeolite in an amount less than the ion-exchange saturation capacity of the zeolite. In one embodiment, the zeolite employed in the present invention retains antimicrobial metal ions in an amount up to 41 % of the theoretical ion-exchange capacity of the zeolite. Such ion-exchanged zeolite with a relatively low degree of ion-exchange may be prepared by performing ion-exchange using a metal ion solution having a low concentration as compared with solutions conventionally used for ion exchange.

In antimicrobial zeolite particles used in the present invention, ion-exchangeable ions present in zeolite, such as sodium ions, calcium ions, potassium ions and iron ions are preferably partially replaced with ammonium and antimicrobial metal ions. Such ions may co-exist in the antimicrobial zeolite particle since they do not prevent the bacteriocidal effect. Antimicrobial metal ions include ions of silver, copper, zinc, mercury, tin, lead, bismuth, cadmium, chromium and thallium.

The antimicrobial metal ion is preferably present in the range of from about 0.1 to 20 wt. % of the zeolite. In one embodiment, the zeolite contain from 0.1 to 20 wt. % of silver ions and from 0.1 to 20 wt.% of copper or zinc ions. Although ammonium ion can be contained in the zeolite at a concentration of about 20 wt. % or less of the zeolite, it is desirable to limit the content of ammonium ions to from 0.5 to 1 5 wt. %, preferably 1 .5 to 5 wt. % . Weight% described herein is determined for materials dried at temperatures such as 1 1 0°C, 250°C or 550°C as this is the temperature employed for the preferred post-manufacturing drying process.

A preferred antimicrobial zeolite is type A zeolite containing either a combination of ion-exchanged silver, zinc, and ammonium or silver and ammonium. One such zeolite is manufactured by Shinagawa, Inc. (a/k/a Shinanen) under the product number AW-1 0N and consists of 0.6% by weight of silver ion-exchanged in Type A zeolite particles having an average particle size of about 2.5μ. Another formulation, AJ-1 0N, consists of about 2% by weight silver ion-exchanged in Type A zeolite particles having an average particle size of about 2.5//. Another formulation, AW-80, contains 0.6% by weight of silver ion-exchanged in Type A zeolite particles having an average particle size of about 1 .0μ. Another formulation, AJ-80N, consists of about 2% by weight silver ion- exchanged in Type A zeolite particles having an average particle size of about 1 .0μ. These zeolites preferably contain about between 0.5% and 2.5% by weight of ion-exchanged ammonium.

The zeolites are often obtained in master batches of low density polyethylene, polypropylene, or polystyrene, containing 20 wt. % of the zeolite. Thus, they can be easily mixed with the resins used as thermoplastic materials for forming the composite resin used to make the articles of the invention. The antimicrobial particles are preferably present in a concentration by weight in the resin used to make the placemats or the laminate of from 0.01 to 1 0.0 wt%, more preferably from 0.01 to 8.0 wt%, and most preferably from 0.1 to 5.0 wt% . The antimicrobial properties of the antimicrobial zeolite particles of the invention may be assayed while in aqueous formulations using conventional assay techniques, including for example determining the minimum growth inhibitory concentration (MIC) with respect to a variety of bacteria, eumycetes and yeast. In such a test, the bacteria listed below may be employed:

Bacillus cere us var my co ides,

Escherichia coli,

Pseudomonas aeruginosa,

Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis,

Aspergillus niger,

Aureobasiduim pullulans,

Chaetomium globosum,

Gliocladium virens, Penicillum funicu/osum,

Candida albicans, and

Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The assay for determining MIC can be carried out by smearing a solution containing bacteria for inoculation onto a plate culture medium to which a test sample of the encapsulated antimicrobial zeolite particles is added in a particular concentration, followed by incubation and culturing of the plate. The MIC is defined as a minimum concentration thereof required for inhibiting the growth of each bacteria. Safety and biocompatibility tests were conducted on the antimicrobial zeolites employed in the invention. ISO 1 0993-1 procedures were employed. The following results were obtained:

Cytotoxicity: Non-Toxic

Acute Systemic Toxicity: Non-Toxic

Intracutaneous Toxicity: Passed

Skin Irritation Test: Non-irritant

Chronic Toxicity: No Observable Effect

In-vitro Hemolysis: Non-Hemolytic

30-day Muscle Implant Test: Passed

60-day Muscle Implant Test: Passed

90-day Muscle Implant Test: Passed

Ames Mutagenicity Test: Passed Pyrogenicity: Non-Pyrogenic

Thus, the antimicrobial zeolites are exceptionally suitable under relevant toxicity and biocompatibility standards for use in the articles and are not adversely affected or deteriorated upon being contacted by beverages such as milk and fruit juices.

Specific features of the invention are shown in one or more of the drawings for convenience only, as each feature may be combined with other features in accordance with the invention. Alternative embodiments will be recognized by those skilled in the art and are intended to be included within the scope of the claims.

Claims

WE CLAIM: 1 . A placemat having a surface area which is to be contacted by utensils and/or food, the portion of the placemat forming said surface area containing an inorganic antimicrobial agent.
2. A placemat as in claim 1 wherein the entirety of said placemat is of a plastic resin containing said antimicrobial agent.
3. A placemat as in claim 1 wherein said placemat comprises a base and said surface area is formed by a coating or a laminate layer of a material containing said antimicrobial agent.
4. A placemat as in claim 1 wherein said agent is an antimicrobial metal containing composition that imparts substantial antimicrobial action.
5. A placemat as in claim 4 wherein said antimicrobial metal comprises antimicrobial ceramic particles comprising said metal.
6. A placemat as in claim 5 wherein said ceramic particles are selected from the group consisting of zeolite, hydroxy apatite, and zirconium phosphate.
7. A placemat as in claim 4 wherein said inorganic antimicrobial metal containing composition comprises a silver salt.
8. A placemat as in claim 7 wherein said silver salt is selected from the group consisting of silver acetate, silver benzoate, silver carbonate, silver ionate, silver iodide, silver lactate, silver laureate, silver nitrate, silver oxide, silver palpitate, silver protein, and silver sulfadiazine.
9. A placemat as in claim 8 wherein said silver salt is silver nitrate.
1 0. A placemat as in claim 5 wherein said antimicrobial ceramic particles comprise antimicrobial zeolite prepared by replacing all or part of the ion-exchangeable ions in zeolite with an antimicrobial metal ion.
1 1 . A placemat as in claim 1 0 wherein said antimicrobial metal is selected from the group consisting of silver, copper, zinc, and gold.
1 2. A placemat as in claim 4 wherein said antimicrobial metal is silver.
1 3. The placemat of claim 2 wherein said inorganic antimicrobial agent comprises from 0.5 % to 5.0% by total weight of the resin and agent.
1 4. A placemat as in claim 1 3 wherein said antimicrobial agent is in particle form and the size of said particles is from 0.8 to 2.5 microns.
1 5. A placemat as in claim 3 wherein said coating or laminate layer is bonded to said base and contains particles of said antimicrobial agent.
1 6. A placemat as in claim 1 5 wherein said agent is an antimicrobial metal containing composition that imparts substantial antimicrobial action.
1 7. A placemat as in claim 1 6 wherein said inorganic antimicrobial metal comprises antimicrobial ceramic particles comprising said metal.
1 8. A placemat as in claim 1 5 wherein said ceramic particles are selected from the group consisting of zeolite, hydroxy apatite, and zirconium phosphate.
1 9. A placemat as in claim 1 6 wherein said inorganic antimicrobial metal containing composition comprises a silver salt.
PCT/US2000/005469 1999-03-01 2000-03-01 Placemat having antimicrobial agent WO2000051477A1 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2856568A1 (en) * 2003-06-27 2004-12-31 Herve Ktourza Table cover e.g. mouse pad or table set, for use in office and house, has support layer made of synthetic material, sub layer made of foam, and antibacterial and/or anti microbial agent incorporated in its mass
EP1612317A2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-04 Schott AG Construction elements in a washing machine or wash-dryer or similiar either doped or layered with a bacteriozide
GB2486501A (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-06-20 At Promotions Ltd A mat comprising an anti bacterial agent
EP2977400A1 (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-01-27 Roberto Rossi Product having antimicrobial and/or antibacterial characteristics designed for contact with milk for administration to infants and method of producing such product

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US4938955A (en) * 1987-04-22 1990-07-03 Shingawa Fuel Co., Ltd Antibiotic resin composition
JPH02255847A (en) * 1988-12-01 1990-10-16 Mitsubishi Petrochem Co Ltd Propylene polymer composition and molding used in contact with water
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JP3016274B2 (en) * 1990-11-29 2000-03-06 味の素株式会社 Antibacterial and resin compositions containing them

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4775585A (en) * 1983-01-21 1988-10-04 Kanebo Ltd./Kanto Chemical Co. Polymer article having an antibacterial property containing zeolite particles therein and the processes for producing same
US4938955A (en) * 1987-04-22 1990-07-03 Shingawa Fuel Co., Ltd Antibiotic resin composition
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JPH02255847A (en) * 1988-12-01 1990-10-16 Mitsubishi Petrochem Co Ltd Propylene polymer composition and molding used in contact with water
JP3016274B2 (en) * 1990-11-29 2000-03-06 味の素株式会社 Antibacterial and resin compositions containing them

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2856568A1 (en) * 2003-06-27 2004-12-31 Herve Ktourza Table cover e.g. mouse pad or table set, for use in office and house, has support layer made of synthetic material, sub layer made of foam, and antibacterial and/or anti microbial agent incorporated in its mass
EP1612317A2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-04 Schott AG Construction elements in a washing machine or wash-dryer or similiar either doped or layered with a bacteriozide
EP1612317A3 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-03-29 Schott AG Construction elements in a washing machine or wash-dryer or similiar either doped or layered with a bacteriozide
GB2486501A (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-06-20 At Promotions Ltd A mat comprising an anti bacterial agent
EP2977400A1 (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-01-27 Roberto Rossi Product having antimicrobial and/or antibacterial characteristics designed for contact with milk for administration to infants and method of producing such product

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