WO2000046484A1 - Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system - Google Patents

Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2000046484A1
WO2000046484A1 PCT/EP2000/000791 EP0000791W WO0046484A1 WO 2000046484 A1 WO2000046484 A1 WO 2000046484A1 EP 0000791 W EP0000791 W EP 0000791W WO 0046484 A1 WO0046484 A1 WO 0046484A1
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WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sidetrack
primary
liner
secondary
sidetracks
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2000/000791
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Markus Antonius Van Buren
Johannes Henricus Gerardus Surewaard
Original Assignee
Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V.
Shell Canada Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B41/00Equipment or details not covered by groups E21B15/00 - E21B40/00
    • E21B41/0035Apparatus or methods for multilateral well technology, e.g. for the completion of or workover on wells with one or more lateral branches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/02Subsoil filtering
    • E21B43/10Setting of casings, screens, liners or the like in wells
    • E21B43/103Setting of casings, screens, liners or the like in wells of expandable casings, screens, liners, or the like

Abstract

A method is disclosed for creating one or more secondary sidetracks in an oil and/or gas well assembly which comprises a primary wellbore (2) and one or more primary sidetracks (6) so that a root-like multilateral well structure is created. The method makes use of an expandable well liner (9) in the primary sidetracks (6) so as to create a liner having a sufficient internal width to allow sidetracking equipment to be inserted and operated in the primary sidetrack to drill and complete the secondary sidetracks (7).

Description

METHOD FOR CREATING SECONDARY SIDETRACKS IN A WELL SYSTEM

Background of the Invention

The invention relates to a method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system which comprises a main wellbore into which one or more primary sidetracks debouch .

Such a well system is known from International patent application WO 98/49424.

A difficulty which arises with such a well system is that conventional wells have a telescoping nature which stems from the fact that a casing is inserted into the main well at various stages of the drilling process and casing sections which are inserted thereafter need to have a smaller outer diameter than the inner diameter of the previously installed casing sections, and that the liner which is subsequently inserted into the primary sidetrack needs to have an outer diameter which is significantly smaller than the inner diameter of the casing of the main wellbore at the branchpoint in order to allow a smooth insertion of the liner from the main wellbore into the primary sidetrack.

As a result the liner of the primary sidetrack has such a small diameter that it is hardly feasible and economically unattractive to drill secondary sidetracks away from the primary sidetrack. An object of the present invention is to provide a method for creating one or more secondary sidetracks in a well system in an efficient and economical manner. Summary of the Invention

In accordance with the present invention a method is provided for creating a secondary sidetrack in a well system for production of hydrocarbon fluids which comprises a main wellbore and a primary sidetrack which debouches into the primary wellbore, the method comprising : inserting an unexpanded expandable liner into the primary sidetrack; radially expanding the liner; creating an opening in the wall of the expanded liner; and drilling a secondary sidetrack into the hydrocarbon formation through said opening.

Preferably the expandable liner is a steel liner which is expanded by pushing or pulling an expansion mandrel which is provided with a conical wear-resistant outer surface and/or rollers through the liner. The expanded liner has an internal diameter which is sufficiently large to allow drilling and/or kick off equipment to be inserted into the primary sidetrack for drilling of one or more secondary sidetrack, which also have an internal width which is sufficiently large to serve as a wellbranch through which hydrocarbon fluids can flow into the well system.

Hence the method according to the invention allows to create a root-like well system which provides an optimal drainage of hydrocarbon fluids from a hydrocarbon bearing formation, even if the formation has a low permeability.

In an attractive embodiment of the method according to the invention the expandable liner is formed by a coiled tubing through which drilling fluid is pumped towards a downhole drilling assembly which is used to drill the primary sidetrack and which coiled tubing is radially expanded after the primary sidetrack has been drilled.

Also the secondary sidetrack may be drilled using a coiled tubing which is expanded to form an expanded liner after completion of the drilling activities. Alternatively the secondary sidetrack may be lined using an expandable slotted liner of which the slots are staggered and open up into diamond shaped apertures upon expansion of the liner. Such an expandable slotted line is known from US patent No. 5,366,012. Such a slotted liner may be surrounded in the inflow region of the secondary sidetrack by an expandable sandscreen, such as a sandscreen which is disclosed in International patent application PCT/EP96/04887. In stable reservoir formations the secondary sidetrack may be an open uncased hole whereas if the reservoir formation is very unstable the secondary sidetrack may be lined with an initially unslotted expanded or unexpanded liner into which perforations are shot using a perforation gun which is known per se.

The invention also relates to a root-like well system which has been created in accordance with the invention and which comprises a main wellbore into which one or more primary sidetracks comprising an expanded expandable liner debouch and one or more secondary sidetracks which debouch into the primary sidetrack or sidetracks through one or more openings in the wall of the expanded liner or liners .

It will be understood that the use of expandable tubulars in a multilateral well system makes it possible that the well tubulars in the primary or mother well and in the primary and secondary sidetracks or well branches have a substantially equal internal width, so that a monobore multilateral well is created. In such a monobore well system it is possible to drill tertiary sidetracks away from the secondary sidetracks, which sidetracking process can be repeated again and again so that a truly root-like multilateral well system is created. Brief Description of the drawings

Preferred embodiments of the method and system according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a schematic vertical sectional view of a well system according to the invention; and

Fig. 2 is a schematic vertical sectional view of a well system according to the invention, which comprises a primary sidetrack into which two secondary sidetracks debouch.

Detailed Description of preferred Embodiments

Referring now to Fig. 1 there is shown a well system 1 according to the present invention which comprises a vertical main wellbore 2 which extends from a wellhead 3 at or near the earth surface 4 into a subsurface formation 5. Three primary sidetracks 6 debouch into the main wellbore 2. A secondary sidetrack 7 debouches into each primary sidetrack 6 through an opening 8 in the wall of an expanded expandable steel liner 9, of which only the secti^1"1 in the region of each opening 8 is shown.

The* use of expanded liners 9 maximizes the internal width of the liners 9. Thus, if the wellbore of each sidetrack has a width of about 10 cm, the expanded liner may have an internal width of about seven to eight centimetres.

Such an internal width is a minimal requirement to allow a drilling assembly to be inserted into the primary sidetracks 6 which can be used to drill secondary sidetracks 7 of a sufficient width which is necessary to allow hydrocarbon fluids to flow in sufficient quantities through the secondary sidetracks 7 into the primary sidetracks .

Preferably also the main wellbore 2 is cased with an expandable steel casing which is cladded against the wellbore during the expansion process in a similar manner as the expandable liners 9 have been cladded against the wellbore of the primary sidetracks 6.

This allows a further increase in the internal width of the liners 9 and of the secondary sidetracks 7. The primary and secondary sidetracks 6 and 7 each extend into hydrocarbon fluid bearing formations 10 which are shown as shaded areas in the drawing.

It will be understood that the illustrated well system provides a root-like well configuration which provides an optimum drainage of hydrocarbon fluids from the hydrocarbon fluid bearing formations 10.

Referring now to Fig. 2 there is shown a vertical primary wellbore 20 from which a primary sidetrack 21 has been drilled away in a horizontal direction. The primary sidetrack 21 is lined with an expandable steel liner 22. Preferably the liner 22 is formed by a coiled tubing which has been used during drilling to feed drilling fluid to a drill bit (not shown) and to a hydraulic downhole mud motor (not shown) which is used to rotate the drill bit.

After completion of drilling the coiled tubing is expanded such that it is cladded against the wellbore and subsequently serves as a steel lining of the wellbore of the primary sidetrack 21. Subsequently a 4.5 inch (= about 12 cm) shoe 22 and a plug 23 are installed near the toe 24 of the primary sidetrack 21 inside the liner 22.

Then a whipstock 25 is inserted and anchored within the liner 22 and a hanger 26 having an internal width of about 7 cm is inserted into the expanded liner 22 which has an internal width of about 10 cm. Then a drilling assembly (not shown) is inserted through the hanger 26 and is induced by the whipstock 25 to mill an opening into the liner 22 and to subsequently drill the secondary sidetrack 30 into a hydrocarbon fluid bearing formation 31.

In the example shown a conventional steel liner 31 has been inserted into the secondary sidetrack 30 which has an outer diameter of about 7 cm and which is perforated in the well inflow zone by means of a perforating gun (not shown) .

After completion of the first secondary sidetrack 30 another whipstock 32 is inserted and anchored inside the expanded liner 22 close to the heel of the lateral primary sidetrack 21 whereupon yet another secondary sidetrack 33 is drilled and completed in the same manner as described with reference to the first secondary sidetrack 30. After insertion of a steel liner 34 in the second secondary sidetrack either an opening (not shown) is drilled through the wall of the liner 34 and through the whipstock 34 or an already existing fluid passage in the whipstock and a fluid passage in the hanger 35 are used to allow hydrocarbon fluid to flow from the first secondary sidetrack 30 and through the primary sidetrack 21 into the main wellbore 20.

Claims

C L I M S
1. A method for creating a secondary sidetrack in a well system for production of hydrocarbon fluids from a hydrocarbon formation, which well system comprises a main wellbore and a primary sidetrack which debouches into the primary wellbore, the method comprising inserting an unexpanded expandable liner into the primary sidetrack and radially expanding the liner; characterized in that an opening is created in the wall of the expanded liner in the primary sidetrack; and that a secondary sidetrack is drilled into the hydrocarbon bearing formation through said opening.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the expandable liner is formed by a coiled tubing through which drilling fluid is pumped towards a downhole drilling assembly which is used to drill the primary sidetrack and which coiled tubing is radially expanded after the primary sidetrack has been drilled.
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the secondary sidetrack is drilled with a drilling assembly which is connected to a coiled tubing, which tubing is expanded after the secondary sidetrack has been drilled to form a lining in the secondary sidetrack.
4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the secondary sidetrack is lined along at least part of its length with an expandable slotted liner which is expanded inside the secondary sidetrack such that a series of staggered slots in the liner open up into diamond shaped apertures .
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein an expandable sandscreen is arranged around the expandable slotted liner m the zone where hydrocarbon fluids flow into the well systerr.
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein an unexpandable liner xs inserted into the secondary sidetrack which liner is perforated in the zone where hydrocarbon fluids flow into the well system.
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the capillary sidetrack is uncased along at least part of its length .
8. The method according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of primary sidetracks debouch into the primary wellbore and wherein a plurality of secondary sidetracks debouch into at least one of the primary sidetracks .
9. A well system comprising at least one primary sidetrack and at least one secondary sidetrack wherein the primary sidetrack comprises an expanded expandable liner which comprises an opening into which a secondary sidetrack debouches.
10. The well system of claim 9, wherein the expanded liner in the primary sidetrack has an internal width which is substantially equal to the internal width of a casing in the primary wellbore.
11. The well system of claim 10, wherein one or more tertiary sidetracks debouch into at least one secondary sidetrack so that a root-like multilateral well system is created.
PCT/EP2000/000791 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system WO2000046484A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP99300717 1999-02-01
EP99300717.8 1999-02-01

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK00910636T DK1149225T3 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 A method of forming secondary sidetracks in a bröndsystem
AT00910636T AT264451T (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 A method of drilling a well bore system in secondary abzweigungslöcher
UA2001086033A UA73296C2 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for formation of secondary side stems in a well system and a well system
NZ51277400A NZ512774A (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system
CA 2357719 CA2357719C (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system
EP20000910636 EP1149225B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system
AU3278100A AU764042B2 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system
DE2000609861 DE60009861T2 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 A method of drilling a well bore system in secondary abzweigungslöcher
EA200100849A EA002465B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system
BR0007696A BR0007696B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 method to create a secondary deviation from a well system for hydrocarbon fluids produÇço, and pit system.
NO20013754A NO331427B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2001-07-31 The process feed of a form side paths in a bronnsystem

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2000046484A1 true true WO2000046484A1 (en) 2000-08-10

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PCT/EP2000/000791 WO2000046484A1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-02-01 Method for creating secondary sidetracks in a well system

Country Status (6)

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EP (1) EP1149225B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1205403C (en)
CA (1) CA2357719C (en)
DE (1) DE60009861T2 (en)
DK (1) DK1149225T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2000046484A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

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US6464001B1 (en) 1999-08-09 2002-10-15 Shell Oil Company Multilateral wellbore system
WO2002086286A2 (en) * 2001-04-24 2002-10-31 E2 Tech Limited Method of and apparatus for casing a borehole
WO2003076760A2 (en) * 2002-03-08 2003-09-18 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Steerable soil penetration system
WO2004079150A2 (en) * 2003-03-05 2004-09-16 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Full bore lined wellbores
GB2436484A (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-09-26 Weatherford Lamb Hanging casing allowing fluid bypass for drilling with expandable casing operations
US7712522B2 (en) 2003-09-05 2010-05-11 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expansion cone and system
US7819185B2 (en) 2004-08-13 2010-10-26 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expandable tubular
US7886831B2 (en) 2003-01-22 2011-02-15 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US8967297B2 (en) 2007-08-23 2015-03-03 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Well construction using small laterals
EP2884042A1 (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-06-17 Welltec A/S Downhole completion system and method
EP2905419A1 (en) * 2014-02-07 2015-08-12 Weatherford/Lamb Inc. Open hole expandable junction
WO2016138005A1 (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-01 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Vertical drilling and fracturing methodology

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CN102182403B (en) * 2011-04-28 2016-06-29 王萍萍 Fishbone branch wellbore drilling the well completion process formula
CN103615224B (en) * 2013-11-08 2016-02-10 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 The solvent improve the steam assisted gravity drainage oil and heavy oil reservoirs Well Structure
CN104265261B (en) * 2014-08-11 2017-06-13 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Fishbone multilateral wells construction
CA3021562A1 (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-16 Scientific Drilling International, Inc. Magnetic ranging from behind a magnetic shield

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6464001B1 (en) 1999-08-09 2002-10-15 Shell Oil Company Multilateral wellbore system
WO2002086286A2 (en) * 2001-04-24 2002-10-31 E2 Tech Limited Method of and apparatus for casing a borehole
WO2002086286A3 (en) * 2001-04-24 2002-12-19 E2 Tech Ltd Method of and apparatus for casing a borehole
GB2392942A (en) * 2001-04-24 2004-03-17 E2 Tech Ltd Method of and apparatus for casing a borehole
GB2392942B (en) * 2001-04-24 2005-06-08 E2 Tech Ltd Method of and apparatus for casing a borehole
US7178601B2 (en) 2001-04-24 2007-02-20 E2Tech Limited Methods of and apparatus for casing a borehole
WO2003076760A2 (en) * 2002-03-08 2003-09-18 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Steerable soil penetration system
WO2003076760A3 (en) * 2002-03-08 2004-04-08 Michael John Betts Steerable soil penetration system
US7347282B2 (en) 2002-03-08 2008-03-25 Shell Oil Company Steerable soil penetration system
US7886831B2 (en) 2003-01-22 2011-02-15 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
GB2415724A (en) * 2003-03-05 2006-01-04 Weatherford Lamb Full bore lined wellbores
GB2415724B (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-05-30 Weatherford Lamb Full bore lined wellbores
GB2433276A (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-06-20 Weatherford Lamb Casing while drilling a monobore well
GB2436484A (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-09-26 Weatherford Lamb Hanging casing allowing fluid bypass for drilling with expandable casing operations
WO2004079150A2 (en) * 2003-03-05 2004-09-16 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Full bore lined wellbores
GB2436484B (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-11-07 Weatherford Lamb Full bore lined wellbores
WO2004079150A3 (en) * 2003-03-05 2005-01-13 David J Brunnert Full bore lined wellbores
GB2433276B (en) * 2003-03-05 2007-10-17 Weatherford Lamb Full bore lined wellbores
US7712522B2 (en) 2003-09-05 2010-05-11 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expansion cone and system
US7819185B2 (en) 2004-08-13 2010-10-26 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expandable tubular
US8967297B2 (en) 2007-08-23 2015-03-03 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Well construction using small laterals
EP2884042A1 (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-06-17 Welltec A/S Downhole completion system and method
WO2015086797A1 (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-06-18 Welltec A/S Downhole completion system and method
CN105793518A (en) * 2013-12-13 2016-07-20 韦尔泰克有限公司 Downhole completion system and method
RU2663840C2 (en) * 2013-12-13 2018-08-10 Веллтек А/С Well system and well finishing method
EP2905419A1 (en) * 2014-02-07 2015-08-12 Weatherford/Lamb Inc. Open hole expandable junction
US9714558B2 (en) 2014-02-07 2017-07-25 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Open hole expandable junction
WO2016138005A1 (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-01 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Vertical drilling and fracturing methodology

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2357719C (en) 2009-06-02 grant
EP1149225B1 (en) 2004-04-14 grant
EP1149225A1 (en) 2001-10-31 application
DE60009861D1 (en) 2004-05-19 grant
CN1205403C (en) 2005-06-08 grant
CN1339083A (en) 2002-03-06 application
CA2357719A1 (en) 2000-08-10 application
DK1149225T3 (en) 2004-05-10 grant
DE60009861T2 (en) 2004-09-02 grant

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