WO2000041421A1 - Mobile communication system and mobile terminal for said system - Google Patents

Mobile communication system and mobile terminal for said system

Info

Publication number
WO2000041421A1
WO2000041421A1 PCT/DE1999/003985 DE9903985W WO0041421A1 WO 2000041421 A1 WO2000041421 A1 WO 2000041421A1 DE 9903985 W DE9903985 W DE 9903985W WO 0041421 A1 WO0041421 A1 WO 0041421A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
mobile
emergency
number
network
regional
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/DE1999/003985
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Alexander Sedlmeier
Original Assignee
Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/26Devices for signalling identity of wanted subscriber
    • H04M1/27Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously
    • H04M1/274Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously with provision for storing more than one subscriber number at a time, e.g. using toothed disc
    • H04M1/2745Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously with provision for storing more than one subscriber number at a time, e.g. using toothed disc using static electronic memories, i.e. memories whose operation does not require relative movement between storage means and a transducer, e.g. chips
    • H04M1/274516Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously with provision for storing more than one subscriber number at a time, e.g. using toothed disc using static electronic memories, i.e. memories whose operation does not require relative movement between storage means and a transducer, e.g. chips whose content are provided by data transmission or downloaded
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/90Services for handling of emergency or hazardous situations, e.g. earthquake and tsunami warning systems [ETWS]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/50Connection management for emergency connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/66Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges with means for preventing unauthorised or fraudulent calling
    • H04M1/677Preventing the dialling or sending of predetermined telephone numbers or selected types of telephone numbers, e.g. long distance
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • H04M1/72522With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality
    • H04M1/72536With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality for supporting an emergency service
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/08Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery
    • H04W48/12Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery using downlink control channel
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/18Processing of user or subscriber data, e.g. subscribed services, user preferences or user profiles; Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • H04W8/20Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • H04W8/205Transfer to or from user equipment or user record carrier
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/22Processing or transfer of terminal data, e.g. status or physical capabilities
    • H04W8/24Transfer of terminal data
    • H04W8/245Transfer of terminal data from a network towards a terminal

Abstract

The invention relates to a mobile communication system comprising at least one mobile radio network (1) and at least one mobile terminal (4) which is able to communicate with said mobile radio network (1). The mobile radio network (1) has a device (211, 212) which transmits to the mobile terminal (4) a defined regional emergency number which is valid only for a regionally limited area of competence if the terminal (4) enters into communication with the network (1) in said area. The terminal (4) for the system comprises a memory (48) for emergency numbers and a display (47) for showing the emergency number memorized.

Description

description

Mobile communication system and mobile terminal for this system

The invention relates to a mobile communication system according to the preamble of claim 1 and a mobile terminal according to claim 3 for this system.

Mobile communication systems of the type mentioned are generally known. Example, systems are in widespread use, which work with a provided by different network operators digital cellular network that is known, depending on the operator under the loading drawing Dl, D2 or E + network and each represents a coverage area of ​​the size of the Federal Republic of Germany the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany by radio technology provided that this service area is covered as completely as possible with radio cells. Each radio cell is in turn radio coverage served by a respective bas sisstation of the network, about the An in-cell this mobile terminal to the network may enter into communication.

Mobile devices are primarily mobile phones, in particular mobile phones, as well as user terminals that are permanently installed in vehicles.

In the aforementioned digital networks no local emergency numbers can be dialed automatically that apply only in a limited regional area of ​​responsibility of the service area and not in the coverage area outside of this range. Examples of such emergency numbers are the emergency number of a regional police department, an accident-control center, a fire control center, a roadside assistance or other regional service. Finding a valid only for an example with a vehicle just traffic regionally limited competence of specific regional emergency number is tedious if not impossible.

In the aforementioned digital networks is a nationally applicable central and accessible in all networks emergency number. This is the number 112. This is a so-called. "Imminent danger" number, similar borrowed the emergency number 110 and 112 in the fixed network. The emergency number should or can therefore only be used in extremely urgent cases. When activating the emergency number 112 in the mobile network, a location of the emergency emitting mobile terminal in the entire pensionable area of ​​the network is carried out automatically.

For less acute emergency calls such as reporting a car accident or breakdown assistance on highways or at night in sparsely populated areas, ie in situations falling range regarding regional emergency numbers of local or regional support services in the competence, no direct support is provided by the mobile network.

Value-added services that can be selected via nationwide attainable call number, only limited help. These services are offered at a special rate and expensive service must also only several intermediate switching centers, among other things be manually forwarded to the appropriate local or regional operations center, saving time loss. Moreover, it is necessary to have the phone numbers of value-added services in the mobile subscriber terminal stored or prepared as a note.

The object of the invention is to provide a mobile communication system of the aforementioned type, in which a particular local emergency number is automatically provided a mobile terminal when this unit occurs in the regional limited area of ​​responsibility to the mobile network in communication, applies to the that particular number ,

This object is solved by the features indicated in claim 1.

According to this solution, the mobile radio network of the Mobilkommuni- cation system according to the preamble DES claim 1 an input device on which the at least transmitted to the mobile terminal a only for a regionally limited purview applicable certain regional emergency number whenever the device within this range interacts with the network in communication.

The mobile communication system according to the invention can comprise any cellular network of the kind described in the preamble of claim 1 in detail generally, either analog or digital. In particular, this network may vorteilhafterwei- se the above-mentioned and operated in the Federal Republic of Germany digital Dl, D2 and / or E + network have.

apart from any singular cases it is in the mobile networks usually such that in the supply area, which is a regionally limited competence outside of, the only applies a given emergency number at least, at least one further regionally limited area of ​​responsibility for at least one further particular local emergency number is present, which applies only to this further area of ​​responsibility and not for the lying outside this wider range coverage area, and the regional of the at least one predetermined emergency call number is different.

In this case, the specified in claim 2 further development of the communication system according to the invention is particularly suitable, according to the mobile network comprises means up at least transmitted to the mobile terminal a only for a limited regional further remit applicable more specific regional emergency number whenever the device interacts with the network in communication within this wider range.

By the embodiment defined in claim 2, the following problem is solved: for example, are in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany and elsewhere a plurality regionally limited areas of responsibility for respective certain regional emergency numbers which are valid only for each area and not the area outside this range and area are different to the area, wherein the total number of specific regional emergency numbers still exceeds the plurality of areas.

It is beyond the capacity of the memory of a mobile phone by far to take the various regional emergency numbers of all the regionally limited areas of responsibility for regio- dimensional emergency numbers of the national territory in the terminal. Accordingly, it is impossible to store the large total number of certain regional emergency numbers on your phone or mobile phone. For the mobile network, however this is advantageously no problem.

In the further development according to claim 2, this fact can be advantageously exploited in so far as the total number of specific regional emergency numbers are stored in the network and then selectively in regionler restric- be passed on to the respective mobile terminals kung. So the numerous areas of responsibility for each regional emergency numbers these numbers can be immediately and automatically transmitted to a mobile terminal, thus setting this device available advantageously in each when the device enters this jurisdiction to the network in communication. The number of regional emergency call numbers in a single jurisdiction is so small that it poses no storage problem for a mobile terminal as compared to the total number thereof.

A mobile terminal for an inventive Mobilkommuni- cation system advantageously comprises an emergency number memory means for retrievably storing each local emergency number and transmitted to the device in the respective areas of responsibility from the mobile radio network, a display means for displaying any data retrieved from this storage device local emergency number.

Since, as already mentioned for each regional limited competence of only a small part of the total number of mutually different local emergency numbers is respectively responsible, advantageously the emergency number memory means must have sufficient only for this small portion of storage capacity that is so small in practice, that the emergency numbers memory device can be easily accommodated in, for example, a conventional mobile phone.

An advantageous embodiment of the mobile terminal for an inventive mobile communication system advantageously comprises a special function key for retrieving from the storage means and displaying on the display device of a transmitted in a regional area of ​​responsibility the device and stored in the memory means specific regional emergency number that is valid only for this area.

It is advantageous if the mobile terminal has outwardly distinguishable special function keys, which serve various purposes specific regional emergency numbers are purpose-assigned. For example, for each of several different regional support services, each serving different purposes and in one or more limited regional jurisdictions a particular local emergency number are accessible through each, one each function key may be present, which is assigned to this Subsidiary and no other and externally different from special function keys of the other emergency services offices and other keys of the terminal. By pressing this special function key, only the emergency call number of the belonging to this special function key emergency services on the device is used by all particular local emergency numbers, which have been supplied in a regionally limited area of ​​responsibility from the network to the terminal and stored in the device is displayed.

In the inventive mobile communication system, the advantage of automated storage and automatic AK is to update any particular local emergency numbers on the mobile device given. This advantage is achieved by a technical change in both the mobile phone network, is responsible for the network operators, as well as at the mobile terminal, is responsible for the terminal manufacturer.

The invention will be explained in greater detail in the following description with reference to the drawings. Show it:

Figure 1 is a schematic representation of a section of a mobile network for the inventive mobile communication system,

Figure 2 munikationssystem a block diagram of an electric part of a mobile terminal for the inventive Mobilkom, and

3 shows an example of a mobile terminal for the mobile communication system according to the invention in top view of a special function key keypad and a display exhibiting this unit. In the example shown in Figure 1 cut the mobile radio network indicated generally at 1 for the inventive mobile communication system 11 indicate a radio cell of the network 1 21, a Base Station Subsystem (BSS) of the network 1, WEL ches the cell 11 provides radio coverage over a radio tower 210, and 30, a mobile switching center (MSC = Mobile switching Center) of the network 1, with which communicates the BSS 21 by a landline connection 35th

In the illustrated section of the network 1 in addition to the one BSS 21 is a designated 22. Another BSS of the network 1 communicates through the fixed network connection 35 with the same MSC 30. The further BSS 22 supplies radio technology a further radio cell 12 of the network 1, via another radio tower 220 ,

The power supplies described above are generally known components of a mobile network, such as the Dl, D2 or E + network in the Federal Republic of Germany.

All radio cells of the mobile network 1 cover the entire coverage area of ​​the network 1, for example, the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany or any other country, as completely as possible from.

In the coverage area of ​​the network 1 are usually a

Plurality of different, geographically distributed local services available, each of which is only in a respective geographically regional limited area of ​​responsibility of the network 1 and not in the region lying outside this range Versor- the network 1 confinement region reachable through a particular local emergency number.

A responsibility of the network 1 for a particular local emergency number or may be from case to case within a radio cell of the network 1 include one or more such radio cells. In the inventive mobile communication system, the o- is operated such that the network 1 each time a mobile terminal such as a mobile phone, new arrives in a cell and enters in communication there with the network, that is, logs in, in addition to the terminal one or bilfunknetz 1 transmitted more specific regional emergency numbers which are valid only for a lying in this cell or these comprehensive regionally limited area of ​​responsibility of the network. 1

The transmission is carried out, for example, via a the regionally limited area of ​​responsibility of the network 1 for the local emergency numbers respectively associated BSS, which includes a local network management as an intelligent component, which is indicated schematically in Figure 1 in the BSS 21 at 211 and in the BSS 22 at 221 ,

The local network management in a BSS is operated with a log-on software for the management and administration of radio cells.

In the case of the mobile communication system according to the invention, in which the mobile network 1 comprises an additional device that transmits a force only for a limited regional area of ​​responsibility of the network 1, certain regional emergency number to the mobile terminal, whenever the device enters within this range to the network in communication, it is convenient to extend the software for the local network management in a BSS so that the to be received by a mobile terminal transmission signals are subjected to one or more particular local emergency numbers assigned only for a this BSS regionally limited area of ​​responsibility of the network 1 are valid, and may be for example the number of a local operations center, a local fire control center, a local control center accident and / or a local breakdown service. The run with this expanded software and local network management is part of said additional means of the network. 1

It is vorteihaft to transmit to a mobile terminal to be transmitted constricting certain regional emergency number in a protocol which includes a header (Header) with information about the belonging to this emergency number service (for example, name of the service such as the police) and this emergency number self-contained data field comprises. In each of burglar or a Umbuchvorgang of a mobile phone, a BSS transmits it consists of header and data field information package to the mobile terminal.

Preferably, all BSS that communicate via MSC stations via fixed, provided with an additional means such that is transmitted automatically carry the information packet of each service with regional limited sphere of competence in transmission of an identification of a located einbuchenden mobile terminal with the confirmation of the successful Einbuchens , The information package header and data field is sent once for each available service. Shipping and feeding the information package is managed by the local network management each BSS. The specific local emergency numbers, which apply only to a limited regional area of ​​responsibility are stored locally in each area responsible for this BSS.

For example, a BSS versorge exactly one radio cell with about 35 km in diameter, which also corresponds to the service area of ​​the BSS. Thus, a relatively fine granular allocation to certain regional Notrufnum-numbers is possible advantageously.

2 shows an electrical part of a mobile Endge- Raets is shown for the inventive mobile communication system, said terminal is for example a mobile phone in the form of a mobile phone. According to Figure 2, the electrical portion of the apparatus, for example, a high-frequency transmitting and receiving unit 40 with an antenna 401, an analog / digital converter (A / D) converter 41 for converting the data received from the unit 40, high-frequency analog signals into digital signals, one serving for the control of the device microcontroller 42, to which the digital signals from the a / D converters are supplied to a main memory 43 for data and program of the microcontroller 42, a memory 44 for a personal phone book, a keyboard 45 with a different keys 451 having keypad 450, one between the keypad 45 and the microcontroller 42 connected input / output unit 46, and connected to said input / output unit 46 display 47 than conventional components of the device 2, the function and operation of known and need not be further described. It should only be pointed out that a system data n and k Kontrollbusbreite and a data and Kontrollbusbreite to and from the display 47 mean, where n and k respectively are usually greater than 1, and that an existing audio data and - is control path not shown.

To this conventional device for the inventive mobile Communication-to make them suitable, the device comprises in addition an input connected to the microcontroller 42 emergency number memory 48 for the retrievable storage of specific regional emergency numbers on which only a limited regional area of ​​responsibility and not to the outside of this region lying coverage area of ​​the network 1 are valid and is transmitted in this area from the network 1 to the device.

In order transmitted to the device and to make the emergency call number memory 48 of the device stored local emergency numbers to the device user identified, they will be accessed by the device user from the emergency call number memory 48 and displayed on the display 47th

To retrieve a stored in the emergency call number memory 48 certain local emergency number from memory 48 and displaying the retrieved emergency telephone number on the display 47, the apparatus comprises at least one special function key 452, it is when actuated retrieved at least this number and displayed.

If a regional service that only certain regional, from one area to various emergency numbers can be achieved in various regional limited areas of responsibility, widely distributed throughout the coverage area of ​​the network 1 before, it is advisable for this service a separate function key 452 on the mobile device to provide , the respective local emergency number only this service and no other appears on the display when actuated in each of these areas of responsibility.

There are several different types of such regional services, it is expedient if the mobile terminal for each service type having each a special function key 452, upon actuation thereof in each regional limited competence of a service a kind of the respective regional emergency number only that service and none of the other on the display appears.

An example of four such diverse regional services are the local operations center, the local fire control center, the local accident-control center and the local towing service. For these four services four special function keys are provided 452 on the mobile device.

Several special function keys 452 are conveniently in terscheidbarkeit externally different from each other for ease of UN, preferably service-specific, data is also easily recognizable with which service they are respectively associated.

A special function key 452 is preferably automatically programmed when logging in a radio cell with data of the respective regional service. For programming and other control of each existing function key 452, the microcontroller 42, an additional software and / or firmware on the sign in the figure 2 by the reference is indicated 420th

The software and / or firmware 420 serves, for example to apply, decoding and storing the received information packages from the BSS in a memory of the mobile terminal and for sending out a telephone number sequence while pressing a special function key.

are as already described in connection with Figure 1 sent when logging on a mobile terminal in a radio cell, the diene stespezifischen information from the relevant BSS for that cell automatically to the device. The device detects from the header of each transmitted service-specific information packet to the respective service and may thus automatically associated with this service function key occupy 452 contained with the data field in this packet regional emergency number of this service in reversible unambiguous association.

After leaving this radio cell the mobile terminal when logging in another radio cell receives again dienstespezi- fish information from the associated of these other cell BSS and in turn recognizes the corresponding service from the header of each transmitted service-specific information packet, so that the apparatus automatically assigned to this service again special function button 452 may assign the information contained in the data field of this package local emergency number this service. This latter regional emergency number may be the same or different from that in a radio cell supplied regional emergency number of the same service, depending on whether the BSS is responsible for the other radio cell to the same or to another regionally limited competence of this service as that for a radio cell competent BSS belongs.

Is in a regionally limited competence of the number of services exceeds the number of available on the mobile terminal special function keys so that more service specific information packets are sent from each header, and data field in this area as a special function key on the mobile telephone are available, may conveniently proceed such be that only be defined by the user in the emergency call number memory 48 of the device taken (off-line setting). Accordingly, the software and / or firmware 420 is trained det for a freely programmable keys assigned to local or regional services offered when more services such as special function keys on the mobile terminal present in a regionally limited area of ​​responsibility.

3 shows a mobile terminal in the form of a concrete th embodiment of a mobile telephone 4 in plan view of the keypad 450 and display 47. The keys 451 of the keypad 450 of this mobile phone 4 is, for example, four-color special function buttons 452 (R0), 452 (Gr ), 452 (Ge) and 452 (BL) extends, wherein the each reference mark 452 given in brackets letters indicate the respective color of the special function key 452nd For example, Ro stands for Red, Green for green, yellow and Ge for Bl for blue.

Each of these special function buttons 452 (R0), 452 (Gr), 452 (Ge) and 452 (BL) is, for example, each associated with a service that is sufficient to published in various regional limited areas of responsibility among various local emergency numbers. When logging in a radio cell, each of these special function buttons 452 (R0), 452 (Gr), 452 (Ge) and 452 (BL) 452 automatically programmed with the relevant from that for for this cell information of the associated service.

Is then one of the function buttons 452 (R0), 452 (Gr), 452 (Ge) and 452 (Bl) is actuated, applicable to this radio cell regional emergency appears on the display immediately phone number of the assigned this key service.

In addition to the emergency number of the respective service further information on this service, in particular its name can be displayed, as far as these weite- ren information is contained in the header of each transmitted information packet on the display.

In the mobile telephone according to figure 3 example, it is so arranged that after actuation of a special function key on the display 47 in successive lines of the identifier "special function", the name of the assigned this key service, the applicable regional emergency number of this service, and then optionally further information or functions appear.

For example, the label "special function" with the color of the special function button will appear that has just been activated, the user of the mobile phone to confirm that the nature of the desired by him service. If the name of the service appears as angegebe- nen example, such as "AB-Pol. Holzkirchen" with the local emergency number from 08024 to 90730, the color coding of the type of service is not required but not harmful.

The reference numeral 401 in Figure 3 as indicated in Figure 2, an antenna of the mobile phone.

Claims

claims
1 . Mobile communication system, with
- in which at least one particular local emergency number is at least one mobile network (1), the radio automatically supplied in a particular coverage area at least one regionally limited area of ​​responsibility for containing the valid only for this area and not for the lying outside this range coverage area, - having at least one mobile terminal (4) connected to this mobile radio network (1) can enter into communication, characterized in that the mobile radio network (1) means (211, 221) to the mobile terminal (4), at least - and a only for a regional loading excluded purview applicable certain regional emergency number received if the device (4) within this range with the network (1) occurs in communications.
2. Communication system according to claim 1, wherein said confinement region in the Versor-, which is a regionally limited competence outside of, for only the at least one specific emergency number is valid, at least one further regionally limited area of ​​responsibility for a further particular local emergency number is at least present, the only applies to these further purview and not for the lying outside this wider range coverage area, and the at least one specific regional emergency number of which is different, characterized in that the mobile radio network (1) means (211, 221) which the mobile terminal (4) at least a transmitted only for a limited regional further remit applicable more specific regional emergency number if the device (4) occurs within this area further to the network (1) in communication.
3. The mobile terminal (4) for a mobile communication system according to claim 1, characterized by,
- an emergency number memory means (48) for retrievably storing each of the device (4) in the respective areas of responsibility from the mobile radio network (1) transmitted particular local emergency number, and
- a display device (47) for displaying each of these memory means (48) retrieved specific regional emergency number.
4. terminal (4) according to claim 3, characterized by at least one special function key (452) for retrieving from the emergency number memory means (48) and displaying on the display device (47) a in a regional area of ​​responsibility the device (4) transmitted and in the emergency number memory means (48) stored particular local emergency number that is valid only for this area.
5. terminal (4) according to claim 4, characterized by outwardly distinguishable special function keys (452 ​​(R0), 452 (Gr), 452 (Ge), 452 (Bl))), the various Zwek- ken serving specific regional emergency numbers are purpose-assigned ,
PCT/DE1999/003985 1998-12-30 1999-12-14 Mobile communication system and mobile terminal for said system WO2000041421A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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DE19860837 1998-12-30
DE19860837.3 1998-12-30

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