WO2000038771A1 - An apparatus for supplying breathable gas - Google Patents

An apparatus for supplying breathable gas Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2000038771A1
WO2000038771A1 PCT/AU1999/001146 AU9901146W WO0038771A1 WO 2000038771 A1 WO2000038771 A1 WO 2000038771A1 AU 9901146 W AU9901146 W AU 9901146W WO 0038771 A1 WO0038771 A1 WO 0038771A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
apparatus
flexible enclosure
enclosure
muffler
noise producing
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1999/001146
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Muditha Pradeep Dantanarayana
Original Assignee
Resmed Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPP7896A priority Critical patent/AUPP789698A0/en
Priority to AUPP7896 priority
Application filed by Resmed Limited filed Critical Resmed Limited
Priority claimed from AU22693/00A external-priority patent/AU2269300A/en
Publication of WO2000038771A1 publication Critical patent/WO2000038771A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/021Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes operated by electrical means
    • A61M16/022Control means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0057Pumps therefor
    • A61M16/0066Blowers or centrifugal pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0057Pumps therefor
    • A61M16/0066Blowers or centrifugal pumps
    • A61M16/0069Blowers or centrifugal pumps the speed thereof being controlled by respiratory parameters, e.g. by inhalation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/42Reducing noise

Abstract

An apparatus (1) for supplying breathable gas is disclosed. The apparatus (1) includes a relatively rigid external housing (2), at least one noise producing component (3, 4, 5, 6) internal the housing (2), and a thin flexible enclosure (8) substantially sealed around the noise producing components (3, 4, 5, 6). A method of assembling the apparatus (1) is also disclosed. The method comprises the steps of assembling the noise producing component(s) (3, 4, 5, 6) into a sub-assembly, placing the sub-assembly into the interio (9) of the thin flexible enclosure (8) through an opening therein, substantially sealing the opening, and placing the flexible enclosure (8) within the external housing (2).

Description

AN APPARATUS FOR SUPPLYING BREATHABLE GAS

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an apparatus for supplying breathable gas. The invention has been developed primarily for use in Continuous Positive

Airway Pressure (CPAP) treatment of, for example, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and other ventilatory assistance treatments such as Non Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) and will be described hereinafter with reference to this application. However, it will be appreciated that the invention is not limited to these particular uses.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

CPAP treatment is a common ameliorative treatment for breathing disorders including OSA. CPAP treatment, as described in US Patent No. 4,944,310, provides pressurised air or other breathable gas to the entrance of a patient's airways at a pressure elevated above atmospheric pressure, typically in the range 4-20 cm H2O.

It is also known for the level of treatment pressure to vary from breath to breath in accordance with patient need, that form of CPAP being known as automatically adjusting nasal CPAP treatment, as described in US Patent No. 5,245,995. NIPPV is another form of treatment for breathing disorders which can involve a relatively higher pressure of gas being provided in the patient mask during the inspiratory phase of respiration and a relatively lower pressure or atmospheric pressure being provided in the patient mask during the expiratory phase of respiration.

In other NIPPV modes the pressure can be made to vary in a complex manner throughout the respiratory cycle. For example, the pressure at the mask during inspiration or expiration can be varied through the period of treatment.

Typically, the ventilatory assistance for CPAP or NIPPV treatment is delivered to the patient by way of a nasal mask. Alternatively, a mouth mask or full face mask or nasal prongs can be used. In this specification any reference to a mask is to be understood as incorporating a reference to a nasal mask, mouth mask, full face mask or nasal prongs.

In this specification any reference to CPAP treatment is to be understood as embracing all of the above described forms of ventilatory treatment or assistance.

A CPAP apparatus broadly comprises a flow generator constituted by a continuous source of air or other breathable gas generally in the form of a blower driven by an electric motor. A hospital piped supply can also be used. The gas supply is connected to a conduit or tube, which in turn is connected to a patient mask which incorporates, or has in close proximity, an exhaust to atmosphere for venting exhaled gases. The electric motor driving the blower is typically controlled by a servo- controller under the control of a microcontroller unit. The noise produced by the electric motor and blower has three basic transmission paths to surrounding atmosphere. It is radiated from the apparatus housing, transmitted from the blower outlet to be propagated along the conduit that connects the outlet the apparatus to the patient mask and transmitted from the blower inlet to propagate along the gas inlet path (in the opposite direction of the gas flow) to the housing gas inlet and so to atmosphere. As CPAP apparatus are generally located in the same room of the patient being treated, generally within about 1 or 2 m of the patient, it is extremely desirable to minimise the noise the CPAP apparatus produces in order to maximise treatment compliance and also the comfort of the patient and/or any bed partner. It is an object of the present invention to reduce the noise radiated from the apparatus housing. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, in a first aspect, the present invention provides an apparatus for supplying breathable gas, the apparatus including: a relatively rigid external housing; at least one noise producing component internal the housing; and a thin flexible enclosure substantially sealed around the noise producing components.

Preferably, the flexible enclosure is produced from plastic material. For example, the enclosure can be made from a polymer such as Cosmothene F221-1 or polyethylene.

The flexible enclosure preferably includes an opening adapted to allow passage of the internal component(s) into the interior of the flexible enclosure. The opening is desirably sealable by adhesive tape. The enclosure preferably includes one or more apertures to allow breathable gas into and out of the noise producing component(s).

The noise producing components can include a blower, an inlet muffler or an outlet muffler. Atmospheric air is preferably drawn through the inlet muffler before entering the blower and the resulting pressurised air preferably passes through the outlet muffler after leaving the blower. The enclosure preferably includes a first aperture substantially sealable with respect to the exterior of the inlet of the inlet muffler and a second aperture substantially sealable with respect to the exterior of the outlet of the outlet muffler. The enclosure preferably also includes a third aperture for passage of one or more wires for transmitting power or control signals to an electric motor and/or other electrical components, the third aperture being substantially sealable relative to the exterior of the wire(s). According to a second aspect, the present invention provides a method of assembling an apparatus for supplying breathable gas according to the first aspect of the invention, the method comprising the steps of: assembling the noise producing component(s) into a sub-assembly; placing the sub-assembly into the interior of the thin flexible enclosure through an opening therein; substantially sealing the opening; and placing the flexible enclosure within the external housing. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of an apparatus for supplying breathable gas according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Figs. 1 shows an apparatus 1 for supplying breathable gas. More specifically, the apparatus 1 is adapted for use a CPAP apparatus. The apparatus 1 comprises a relatively rigid external housing 2 which is generally in the form of upper and lower housing halves produced from a plastic material. Internal the housing 2 there are several components capable of producing noise. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 these components include an inlet muffler 3, a blower 4, a conduit 5 and an outlet muffler 6.

The inlet muffler 3 has an inlet 11 open to atmosphere and an outlet (not shown) connected to the inlet (not shown) of the blower 4. The blower 4 has an outlet 12 connected to the inlet 13 of the conduit 5. The conduit 5 has an outlet 14 connected to the inlet 15 of the outlet muffler 6. The outlet muffler 6 also includes an outlet 7 which is connected to a conduit or tube (not shown) which communicates the pressurised gas produced by the blower 4 to a patient mask (not shown). Air from atmosphere drawn into the inlet muffler 3 is indicated by arrow 16.

Pressurised air leaving the outlet muffler 6 is indicated by arrow 17.

The apparatus 1 also includes a thin flexible enclosure indicated by dashed lines 8. The enclosure 8 extends around the noise producing components 3, 4, 5 and 6 and is substantially sealed with respect to same. The enclosure 8 includes a first aperture 18 sealed with respect to the exterior of the inlet 11 of the inlet muffler 3, a second aperture 19 sealed with respect to the exterior of the outlet 7 of the outlet muffler 6 and a third aperture 20 sealed with respect to the exterior of wires 21 used to communicate power and/or control signals to the motor (not shown) of the blower 4 and other electrical components. In this way, the flexible enclosure 8 effectively isolates the exterior of the components 3, 4, 5 and 6 from their surroundings but still allows passage of air into and out of those components. The enclosure 8 is preferably made from a plastics material for example a polymer such as Cosmothene F221-1 or polyethylene. The enclosure 8 is generally of bag like construction with an opening at one end that leads to an interior 9.

To assemble the apparatus 1, the components 3, 4, 5 and 6 are all assembled together into a sub-assembly and passed through an opening into the interior 9 of the enclosure 8. The apertures 18, 19, 20 in the enclosure 8 are located in sealed relationship with respect to the exterior of the inlet 11, the outlet 7 and the wires 21 respectively. The opening in the enclosure 8 is then preferably sealed by adhesive tape. Other adhesives or heat sealing can also be used to seal the opening in the enclosure 8. In this connection, it will be appreciated that it is not imperative to achieve a completely air tight or hermetic seal between the enclosure 8 and the components 3, 4, 5 and 6 that the enclosure 8 surrounds. The sub-assembly of noise producing components and enclosure is then placed between the two halves with the housing 2 which are then joined in the known manner to complete the apparatus 1.

The interior 9 of the enclosure 8 can be left substantially empty or can be filled with foam or bubble wrap or the like.

Testing of two similar prototype CPAP apparatus (denoted 1. and 2.) with and without the flexible enclosure 8 revealed the following average dBA noise levels from measurements taken at the front, back, left and right side of the housing 2 with both the CPAP apparatus being operated to produce gas flow at a pressure of 10 cm H2O.

CPAP Apparatus Without enclosure With enclosure

(dBA) (dBA)

1. 34.2 32.4

2. 34.5 32.0

Accordingly, as these results show, the invention provides a very simple and inexpensive way of reducing the noise radiated from the housing by approximately

2 dBA. Other advantages include the ease of installation of the flexible enclosure, and corresponding ease of replacement. The apparatus is also easier to sterilise, as the components of the apparatus through which air is drawn are effectively isolated from other components, such as electrical circuitry.

Although the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the invention may be embodied in many other forms.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. An apparatus for supplying breathable gas, the apparatus including: a relatively rigid external housing; at least one noise producing component internal the housing; and a thin flexible enclosure substantially sealed around the noise producing component(s).
2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the flexible enclosure is produced from plastic material.
3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the plastic material is Cosmothene F221-1 or polyethylene.
4. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the flexible enclosure includes an opening adapted to allow passage of the internal component(s) into the interior of the flexible enclosure.
5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein the opening is sealable by adhesive tape.
6. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the enclosure includes one or more apertures to allow breathable gas into and out of the noise producing component(s).
7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein the noise producing components include a blower, an inlet muffler and an outlet muffler, atmospheric air being drawn through the inlet muffler before entering the blower and the resulting pressurised air passing through the outlet muffler after leaving the blower, and the enclosure includes a first said aperture substantially sealable with respect to the exterior of the inlet of the inlet muffler and a second said aperture substantially sealable with respect to the exterior of the outlet of the outlet muffler.
8. The apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the enclosure includes a third said aperture for passage of one or more wires for transmitting power or control signals to an electric motor and/or other electrical components, the third aperture being substantially sealable relative to the exterior of the wire(s).
9. A method of assembling the apparatus claimed in any one of the preceding claims, the method comprising the steps of: assembling the noise producing component(s) into a sub-assembly; placing the sub-assembly into the interior of the thin flexible enclosure through an opening therein; substantially sealing the opening; and placing the flexible enclosure within the external housing.
PCT/AU1999/001146 1998-12-23 1999-12-22 An apparatus for supplying breathable gas WO2000038771A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPP7896A AUPP789698A0 (en) 1998-12-23 1998-12-23 An apparatus for supplying breathable gas
AUPP7896 1998-12-23

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000590721A JP2002537006A (en) 1998-12-23 1999-12-22 Supply device for a gas respirable
AU22693/00A AU2269300A (en) 1998-12-23 1999-12-22 An apparatus for supplying breathable gas
EP99966785A EP1140266A4 (en) 1998-12-23 1999-12-22 An apparatus for supplying breathable gas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2000038771A1 true WO2000038771A1 (en) 2000-07-06

Family

ID=3812102

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU1999/001146 WO2000038771A1 (en) 1998-12-23 1999-12-22 An apparatus for supplying breathable gas

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1140266A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2002537006A (en)
AU (1) AUPP789698A0 (en)
WO (1) WO2000038771A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001095964A1 (en) * 2000-06-15 2001-12-20 Taema Artificial ventilating apparatus provided with a cleaning chamber easy to disinfect
WO2004112873A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-29 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
WO2005097244A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-20 Breas Medical Ab Ventilator for supplying breathable gas to a patient, and a noise reduction method for said ventilator
WO2007048205A1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2007-05-03 Resmed Ltd Blower motor with flexible support sleeve
WO2007076570A1 (en) * 2006-01-04 2007-07-12 Resmed Ltd Quiet blower apparatus and system and method for reducing blower noise
US8789525B2 (en) 2007-06-07 2014-07-29 Resmed Limited Tub for humidifier
US8839786B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2014-09-23 Resmed Limited Apparatus for supplying a breathing gas
US8844527B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-09-30 Resmed Limited Methods, systems and apparatus for paced breathing
US9038631B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2015-05-26 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9272116B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2016-03-01 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8517012B2 (en) 2001-12-10 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Multiple stage blowers and volutes therefor
CN101850147B (en) * 2003-06-10 2012-11-21 雷斯梅德有限公司 Multiple stage blower and enclosure therefor
US8931481B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2015-01-13 Redmed Limited Flow generator chassis assembly with suspension seal
JP2013150684A (en) * 2012-01-25 2013-08-08 Nidec Copal Electronics Corp Cpap device
JP2015033522A (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-19 日本電産コパル電子株式会社 Cpap apparatus, and blower unit for cpap apparatus

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US3765505A (en) * 1972-11-15 1973-10-16 Vac U Max Noise suppressed venturi power unit
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AU9053398A (en) * 1997-11-03 1999-05-20 Resmed Limited A muffler for an apparatus for supplying breathable gas
WO1999047197A1 (en) * 1998-03-17 1999-09-23 Resmed Limited An apparatus for supplying breathable gas

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Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9272116B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2016-03-01 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US10052450B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2018-08-21 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US9884163B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2018-02-06 RedMed R&D Germany GmbH Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US9555211B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2017-01-31 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US9545493B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2017-01-17 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US9545494B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2017-01-17 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
US9302067B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2016-04-05 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Apparatus for humidifying a respiratory gas
WO2001095964A1 (en) * 2000-06-15 2001-12-20 Taema Artificial ventilating apparatus provided with a cleaning chamber easy to disinfect
US10201676B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2019-02-12 Resmed Limited Breathable gas supply apparatus
US9610420B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2017-04-04 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US10293125B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2019-05-21 Resmed Limited Flow generator with patient reminder
WO2004112873A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-29 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9539409B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2017-01-10 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9038631B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2015-05-26 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9038632B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2015-05-26 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9072860B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9227035B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2016-01-05 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
US9358359B2 (en) 2003-06-20 2016-06-07 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
USRE46543E1 (en) 2003-06-20 2017-09-12 Resmed Limited Breathable gas apparatus with humidifier
WO2005097244A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-20 Breas Medical Ab Ventilator for supplying breathable gas to a patient, and a noise reduction method for said ventilator
US9981094B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2018-05-29 Resmed Limited Apparatus for supplying a breathing gas
US8839786B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2014-09-23 Resmed Limited Apparatus for supplying a breathing gas
US8393320B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2013-03-12 Resmed Limited Blower motor with flexible support sleeve
US8272837B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2012-09-25 Resmed Limited Single or multiple stage blower and nested volute(s) and/or impeller(s) therefor
WO2007048205A1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2007-05-03 Resmed Ltd Blower motor with flexible support sleeve
EP3492132A1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2019-06-05 ResMed Motor Technologies Inc Single or multiple stage blower and nested volute(s) and/or impeller(s) therefor
US9512729B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2016-12-06 Resmed Motor Technologies Inc. Single or multiple stage blower and nested volute(s) and/or impeller(s) therefor
US10267320B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2019-04-23 Resmed Motor Technologies Inc. Single or multiple stage blower and nested volute(s) and/or impeller(s) therefor
US8628302B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2014-01-14 Resmed Motor Technologies Inc. Single or multiple stage blower and nested volute(s) and/or impeller(s) therefor
US10393142B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2019-08-27 ResMed Pty Ltd Quiet blower apparatus and system and method for reducing blower noise
WO2007076570A1 (en) * 2006-01-04 2007-07-12 Resmed Ltd Quiet blower apparatus and system and method for reducing blower noise
US8337145B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2012-12-25 Resmed Limited Quiet blower apparatus and system and method for reducing blower noise
US8702379B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2014-04-22 Resmed Limited Quiet blower apparatus and system and method for reducing blower noise
US8789525B2 (en) 2007-06-07 2014-07-29 Resmed Limited Tub for humidifier
US8844527B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-09-30 Resmed Limited Methods, systems and apparatus for paced breathing
US9750906B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2017-09-05 Resmed Limited Methods, systems and apparatus for paced breathing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2002537006A (en) 2002-11-05
AUPP789698A0 (en) 1999-01-21
EP1140266A1 (en) 2001-10-10
EP1140266A4 (en) 2009-05-06

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