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WO1999064077A1 - Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles - Google Patents

Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles

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Publication number
WO1999064077A1
WO1999064077A1 PCT/IB1999/000997 IB9900997W WO1999064077A1 WO 1999064077 A1 WO1999064077 A1 WO 1999064077A1 IB 9900997 W IB9900997 W IB 9900997W WO 1999064077 A1 WO1999064077 A1 WO 1999064077A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
thermoplastic
composition
copolymers
layer
vapour
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB1999/000997
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Italo Corzani
Gianfranco Palumbo
Original Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUSE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/04Oxygen-containing compounds
    • C08K5/10Esters; Ether-esters
    • C08K5/11Esters; Ether-esters of acyclic polycarboxylic acids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/225Mixtures of macromolecular compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/24Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/26Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUSE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/04Oxygen-containing compounds
    • C08K5/13Phenols; Phenolates
    • C08K5/134Phenols containing ester groups
    • C08K5/1345Carboxylic esters of phenolcarboxylic acids

Abstract

The present invention relates to thermoplastic compositions for making a liquid impermeable moisture vapour permeable layer by coating the composition onto a substrate. The thermoplastic compositions comprise preferred thermoplastic polymers and suitable plasticisers to adjust the viscosity of the composition at the process conditions. The layers made from the thermoplastic compositions of the present invention can find a variety of applications wherein moisture vapour permeability is desirable, such as within absorbent articles for example diapers, sanitary napkins, panty liners and incontinence products, and also protective bedding covers, protective clothing and the like.

Description

LOW VISCOSITY THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITIONS FOR MOISTURE VAPOUR PERMEABLE STRUCTURES AND THE UTILISATION THEREOF IN

ABSORBENT ARTICLES

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to thermoplastic compositions for making a moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable layer by coating the composition onto a substrate. The compositions of the present invention can find a variety of applications, wherein moisture vapour permeability is desirable for example within absorbent articles such as diapers, sanitary napkins, panty liners and incontinence products, protective bedding covers, protective clothing and the like.

Background of the Invention

Thermoplastic films which provide a liquid barrier in addition to providing moisture vapour permeability are known in the art. Particularly preferred are hydrophilic continuous films that do not allow the flow of moisture vapour through open pores or apertures in the material, but do transfer substantial amounts of moisture vapour through the film by absorbing water on one side of the film where the moisture vapour concentration is higher, and desorbing or evaporating it on the opposite side of the film where the moisture vapour concentration is lower.

For example WO 95/16746 discloses films prepared from mixtures of a) block copolyether ester, block copolyether amides (e.g. Pebax™) and or polyurethane and b) thermoplastic polymer which is incompatible with a, and c) a compatibiliser. The films are liquid impermeable and have moisture vapour permeability of about 700 g/m2 day. Also, US 5,447,783 discloses a vapour permeable water resistant multi component film structure having at least three layers. The outer layers are hydrophobic copolyetherester elastomers having a thickness of 1.3-7.6 micrometers and a WVTR of 400-2500 g/m2-24h and the inner layer is a hydrophilic copolyetherester elastomer having a thickness of 7.6 -152 micrometers and a WVTR of at least 3500 g/m2-24h.

US 5,445,875 discloses a waterproof, bloodproof and virusproof breathable laminate. The laminate comprises a woven/nonwoven fabric and an extruded film such as Hytrel™ having a thickness of about 1mil (25.4 micrometers).

Other composite laminates are described for example in US 5,599,610 which discloses tri-laminated fabric for surgical gowns comprising outer layers of woven fabric and an inner layer of a microporous polyurethane membrane. The microporous film has a thickness of 12-55 micrometers and a MVTR of 1100 g/m2-24h upright and 5500 g/m2-24h inverted (ASTM E96-B). Polyether- polyurethane adhesive is used to join the layers.

Similarly, US 5,532,053 discloses a high moisture transmission medical film which can be laminated onto a nonwoven material. The laminate film comprises a first layer of polyetherester copolymer and second and third layers selected from a specified group of polymers. The film has a MVTR of greater than 750 g/m2-24h (ASTM F1249) and a thickness of less than 1mil (25.4micrometer) preferably 0.6 mil to 0.75 mil (15 -19 micrometers).

US 4,938,752 discloses absorbent articles comprising films of copolyether esters which have reduced water permeability, a water vapour permeability of 500 g/m2-24h (as measured in a specified described test) and a thickness of 5- 35 micrometers. There is no disclosure of a supportive substrate.

US 4,493,870 discloses a flexible layered waterproof product comprising a textile material covered with a film of a copolyetherester having an MVTR of at least 1000 g/m2-24h (ASTM E96- 66) having a thickness of 5 to 35 micrometers. GB 2024100 discloses a flexible layered water resistant article comprising a microporous hydrophobic outer layer which is moisture vapour permeable but resist liquids and a hydrophilic inner layer of polyetherpolyurethane having a MVTR of above 1000 g/m2-24h.

Compositions known for providing hydrophilic continuous moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable films or layers include thermoplastic polymers such as polyurethanes, poly-ether-amides block copolymers, polyethylene- acrylic acid copolymers, polyethylene oxide and its copolymers, poly lactide and copolymers, polyamides, polyester block copolymers, sulfonated polyesters, poly-ether-ester block copolymers, poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, polyacrylates, polyacrylic acids and derivatives, ionomers, polyethylene-vinyl acetate with a vinyl acetate content of more than 28% by weight, polyvinyl alcohol and its copolymers, polyvinyl ethers and their copolymers, poly-2-ethyl- oxazoline and derivatives, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and its copolymers, thermoplastic cellulose derivatives, or mixtures thereof. Such compositions can be used for making layers and films featuring high values of moisture vapour permeability while being liquid impermeable, which therefore are particularly preferred for incorporation in disposable absorbent articles.

However, a problem associated with films and layers made from the above mentioned thermoplastic compositions is that such compositions are typically highly viscous in the plastic state at the process conditions, and are processable only by means of extrusion techniques. Extrusion processes for making films and layers from thermoplastic polymers are well known, but have the disadvantage of being rather complex; they in fact require expensive equipment, typically comprising a high power screw extruder to force the material in the plastic state through a slit die to form the film or layer. Extrusion process conditions also typically involve rather high temperatures and pressures. Moreover an extrusion apparatus for the formation of a film or layer cannot be easily incorporated into a production line, e.g. of disposable absorbent products. Extrusion processes moreover are not suitable for the production of films having a particularly low thickness, e.g. in the range of 5-10 μm.

Furthermore, in case of laminated composite structures, in which i.e. a layer of the preferred moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable composition is laminated to a substrate, e.g. a fibrous layer, the addition of an adhesive in order to ensure permanent fixation of the film onto the substrate is often required. However, this in turn detrimentally affects the overall moisture vapour permeability of the resulting composite, and adds complexity to the production process.

Hence, there is a need to provide compositions for making a hydrophilic continuous moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable layer having preferred characteristics of moisture vapour permeability and liquid imperviousness which are also readily processable so as to provide a preferably thin film coating onto a substrate, so avoiding the need of complex traditional extrusion apparatuses.

Summary of the Invention

The present invention relates to a thermoplastic composition comprising:

a thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers having a viscosity higher than 5000 poise at a temperature of 20°C above the DSC melting point of the polymer or mixture of polymers, evaluated as described in the text, and at a frequency of 1 rad/sec, the thermoplastic polymers being selected from the group consisting of polyurethanes, poly-ether-amides block copolymers, polyethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, polyethylene oxide and its copolymers, poly lactide and copolymers, polyamides, polyester block copolymers, sulfonated polyesters, poly-ether-ester block copolymers, poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, polyacrylates, polyacrylic acids and derivatives, ionomers, polyethylene-vinyl acetate with a vinyl acetate content of more than 28% by weight, polyvinyl alcohol and its copolymers, polyvinyl ethers and their copolymers, poly-2-ethyl-oxazoline and derivatives, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and its copolymers, thermoplastic cellulose derivatives, or mixtures thereof,

a suitable compatible plasticiser or blend of plasticisers for adjusting said viscosity, wherein said thermoplastic composition has a viscosity of from 50 poise to 4000 poise at a frequency of 1 rad/s at a temperature of 210°C or less and a viscosity of less than 2000 poise at a frequency of 1000 rad/s at a temperature of 210°C or less.

Detailed Description of the Invention

Preferred thermoplastic polymers for providing hydrophilic continuous moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable films or layers are polyurethanes, poly-ether-amides block copolymers, polyethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, polyethylene oxide and its copolymers, poly lactide and copolymers, polyamides, polyester block copolymers, sulfonated polyesters, poly-ether-ester block copolymers, poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, polyacrylates, polyacrylic acids and derivatives, ionomers, polyethylene-vinyl acetate with a vinyl acetate content of more than 28% by weight, polyvinyl alcohol and its copolymers, polyvinyl ethers and their copolymers, poly-2-ethyl- oxazoline and derivatives, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and its copolymers, thermoplastic cellulose derivatives, and mixtures thereof. Among the above mentioned thermoplastic polymers particularly preferred are thermoplastic poly-ether-amide block copolymers (e.g. Pebax™), thermoplastic poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, thermoplastic polyester block copolymers (e.g. Hytrel™), thermoplastic polyurethanes (e.g. Estane™), or mixtures thereof. Such thermoplastic polymers or mixture of polymers are typically highly viscous in the melted state at the process conditions that are typical of the known processes of film or layer formation, e.g. an extrusion process involving a high power screw extruder. Specifically the thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers typically have a viscosity higher than 5000 poise at a temperature of 20°C above the DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) melting point, which is the temperature identified as that corresponding to the DSC peak, or corresponding to the highest DSC peak in case of a mixture of polymers showing more than one peak, and at a frequency of 1 rad/sec.

The viscosity of the thermoplastic compositions of the present invention is adjusted by providing the thermoplastic composition comprising the thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers with a suitable plasticiser, or blend of plasticisers, that is compatible with the thermoplastic polymers and that lowers the viscosity of the thermoplastic composition in the melted state.

According to the present invention the thermoplastic compositions have the following complex viscosities (η* ):

50 poise < η* < 4000 poise, preferably 100 poise < η* < 2000 poise, more preferably 100 poise < η* < 1000 poise, at a frequency of 1 rad/s at a temperature of 210°C or less and η* < 2000 pose, preferably η* < 1000 poise, more preferably η* < 500 poise at a frequency of 1000 rad/s at a process temperature (T) of 210°C or less, wherein η* represents the complex viscosity of the thermoplastic polymeric composition. Preferably the temperature T is 200°C or less and more preferably 180°C or less and most preferably from 200°C to 50°C.

It has been surprisingly found that thermoplastic compositions having the complex viscosity described allow for a film or layer to be coated onto a substrate using typical coating conditions and apparatuses known in the art for the coating of low viscosities hot melt compositions in a layer having a required thickness onto a substrate, while keeping the advantageous characteristics of the preferred thermoplastic polymers in providing hydrophilic continuous moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable layers or films.

It has also been found that thermoplastic compositions having such viscosities can provide very thin films or layers.

Suitable plasticisers for use in the thermoplastic compositions according to the present invention include citric acid esters, tartaric acid esters, glycerol and its esters, adipates, sebacates, sorbitol, epoxidized vegetal oils, polymerised vegetal oils, polyols, phthalates, liquid polyesters, glycolates, p- toluene sulfonamide and derivatives, glycols and polyglycols, sorbitan esters, phosphates, monocarboxylic fatty acids (C8-C22) and their derivatives, and mixtures thereof.

Preferably the thermoplastic composition of the present invention comprises from 10% to 80%, more preferably from 25% to 70% by weight of the thermoplastic composition, of the thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers, and from 20% to 90%, preferably from 30% to 75% by weight of the thermoplastic composition, of the suitable plasticiser or blend of plasticisers.

The thermoplastic compositions of the present invention may in addition comprise additional optional components to further improve the processability of the compositions and also the mechanical characteristics as well as other characteristics as tackiness, resistance to ageing by light and oxygen, visual appearance etc., of the films or layers formed from such thermoplastic compositions.

Such optional components include tackifying resins or blends of tackifying resins having a softening point of 125°C or less. Preferred resins, which may be present by up to 50% by weight of the thermoplastic composition, may be selected from rosins and rosin esters, hydrocarbon resins, aliphatic resins, terpene and terpene-phenolic resins, aromatic resins, synthetic C5 resins, mixtures of synthetic C5-C9 resins, and mixtures thereof. Other optional components of said thermoplastic compositions include anti-oxidants, anti- ultraviolets, pigments and mixtures thereof, which may be present within the composition at a level of up to 10% by weight of the composition.

A thermoplastic composition according to the present invention can be manufactured with a process that will typically comprise the steps of providing the thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers and the suitable plasticiser or blend of plasticisers, heating the components and compounding them, e.g. with a known suitable mixer to form the thermoplastic composition in the molten state having the desired complex viscosity η*.

According to the present invention a moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious layer can be formed from the thermoplastic composition of the present invention by coating said thermoplastic composition onto a substrate. The films or layers formed from the thermoplastic compositions of the present invention preferably have a moisture vapour transport rate of at least 100 g/m2-24h, preferably at least 300 g/m2-24h, most preferably at least 500 g/m2-24h, with a thickness of at least 0.5 μm. A process for making a layer or film from a thermoplastic composition according to the present invention typically comprises the steps of providing said composition, heating it to make it flowable, and coating said composition in the molten state onto a substrate in a layer having the desired thickness. While said substrate can be simply a formation substrate, onto which the thermoplastic composition is coated in order to form a film or layer of the desired thickness which is subsequently separated from said substrate and used as such, in an embodiment of the present invention a moisture vapour permeable, water impervious composite can also be formed which comprises the thermoplastic composition and a substrate onto which said thermoplastic composition is coated, wherein the substrate is also preferably moisture vapour permeable.

Such embodiment of the present invention provides a moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious composite wherein the contribution of the layer formed from the thermoplastic composition of the present invention to the performance of the composite material resides only in the provision of a liquid barrier and hence could be advantageously provided as thinly as possible. The remaining performance physical criterion being preferably provided by the provided substrate, that therefore preferably acts also as a support layer.

The substrate, or support layer may be any useful layer which is preferably also moisture vapour permeable, preferably having a moisture vapour permeability of at least 100 g/m2-24h, more preferably at least 300 g/m2-24h, and most preferably at least 500 g/m2-24h.

Suitable substrates for use herein as support layers include two dimensional, planar micro and macro-porous films; macroscopically expanded films; formed apertured films; nonwoven and woven layers. According to the present invention the apertures in said layer may be of any configuration, but are preferably spherical or oblong and may also be of varying dimensions. The apertures preferably are evenly distributed across the entire surface of the layer, however layers having only certain regions of the surface having apertures are also envisioned.

Suitable two dimensional porous planar layers of the backsheet may be made of any material known in the art, but are preferably manufactured from commonly available polymeric materials. Suitable materials are for example Goretex™ or Sympatex™ type materials well known in the art for their application in so-called breathable clothing. Other suitable materials include XMP-1001 of Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA and Exxaire XBF-101W, supplied by the Exxon Chemical Company. As used herein the term two dimensional planar layer refers to layers having a depth of less than 1 mm, preferably less than 0.5 mm, wherein the apertures have an average uniform diameter along their length and which do not protrude out of the plane of the layer. The apertured materials for use as a backsheet in the present invention may be produced using any of the methods known in the art such as described in EPO 293 482 and the references therein. In addition the dimensions of the apertures produced by this method may be increased by applying a force across the plane of the backsheet layer (i.e. stretching the layer).

Suitable apertured formed films include films which have discrete apertures which extend beyond the horizontal plane of the garment facing surface of the layer towards the core thereby forming protuberances. The protuberances have an orifice located at its terminating end. Preferably said protuberances are of a funnel shape, similar to those described in US 3,929,135. The apertures located within the plane and the orifices located at the terminating end of protuberance themselves maybe circular or non circular provided the cross sectional dimension or area of the orifice at the termination of the protuberance is smaller than the cross sectional dimension or area of the aperture located within the garment facing surface of the layer. Preferably said apertured performed films are uni directional such that they have at least substantially, if not complete one directional fluid transport towards the core.

Suitable macroscopically expanded films for use herein include films as described in for example in US 4,637,819 and US 4,591 ,523.

Preferred support layers for use herein include woven and nonwoven layers, most preferably hydrophobic fibrous layers such as hydrophobic nonwoven. The composites of this preferred embodiment of the present invention are particularly advantageous as they allow the possibility of providing a composite wherein the thermoplastic composition may be coated onto the support substrate as a layer with the desired thickness. Typical coating conditions and apparatuses known in the art for the direct coating of low viscosities hot melts can be readily utilised in order to provide the thermoplastic composition at the desired thickness.

A possible method for forming a composite laminate by coating the thermoplastic composition onto a substrate acting as a support layer is described in PCT application WO 96/25902.

At least at the coating temperature, the thermoplastic composition in form of a layer preferably exhibits adhesive properties on the supportive substrate in order to form the preferred composite such that no additional adhesive is required to achieve a permanent attachment between the thermoplastic composition and the substrate. In some applications it may be also desirable that the thermoplastic composition remains tacky at any temperature i.e. it is formulated so to have the typical characteristics of a pressure sensitive adhesive.

The thermoplastic compositions of the present invention and the moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious layers and composites formed therefrom find utility in a number of applications wherein liquid imperviousness and moisture vapour permeability are desirable. In particular the present invention can be effectively utilised within absorbent articles such as diapers, sanitary napkins, panty liners and incontinence products; perspiration pads such as underarm-, wrist- and head perspiration pads, collar inserts, shoe inserts, hat bands and breast pads; protective bedding covers, protective clothing and the like. Preferably the moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious layers and composites formed from the thermoplastic compositions of the present invention have a moisture vapour transfer rate of at least 100 g/m2-24h, more preferably at least 300 g/m2-24h, and most preferably at least 500 g/m -24h.

A moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious composite structure formed by coating the thermoplastic composition of the present invention onto a suitable substrate finds particular utility as the backsheet for absorbent articles especially sanitary napkins and panty liners. Such articles will typically comprise components known to the skilled person such as a liquid pervious topsheet, an absorbent core and backsheet and may optionally comprise fastening means, wings, and the like.

Example:

A polyether-amide block copolymer available from Elf Atochem (France) commercialised under the trade name Pebax MV 1074 was compounded with Triethyl Citrate available from Aldrich Co. and Irganox 1010 (anti oxidant agent) available from Ciba-Geigy.

The polymer has a DSC peak melting point of 158°C and at 178°C and at the frquency of 1 rad/s shows a complex viscosity of 6410 Poise.

The final formulation in percent by weight had the following composition: 30% Pebax MV 1074

69% Triethyl Citrate

1 % Irganox 1010

The blend was melt extruded at 160°C to obtain a film having a thickness equal to 5μm. At the extruding temperature it was found to have complex viscosities of 517 poise and 172 Poise respectively at 1 and 1000 rad/s shear rate. The film was then laminated directly onto a substrate constituted by a carded hydrophobic 100% polypropylene nonwoven 34 g/m2 (support layer) commercialised under the trade name Sawabond 4326, available form Sandier (Germany). The composite substrate had a moisture vapour transfer rate of 2530 g/m2.24hrs.

According to the present invention the complex viscosity is measured using a Rheometer RDA-II available from Rheometrics Co. Water vapour permeability is measured at 23°C according to the ASTM E-96 "Upright Cup" method.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A thermoplastic composition comprising:
a thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers having a viscosity higher than 5000 poise at a temperature of 20┬░C above the DSC melting point of said polymer or mixture of polymers and at a frequency of 1 rad/sec, said thermoplastic polymers selected from the group consisting of polyurethanes, poly-ether-amides block copolymers, polyethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, polyethylene oxide and its copolymers, poly lactide and copolymers, polyamides, polyester block copolymers, sulfonated polyesters, poly-ether-ester block copolymers, poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, polyacrylates, polyacrylic acids and derivatives, ionomers, polyethylene-vinyl acetate with a vinyl acetate content of more than 28% by weight, polyvinyl alcohol and its copolymers, polyvinyl ethers and their copolymers, poly-2-ethyl-oxazoline and derivatives, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and its copolymers, thermoplastic cellulose derivatives, or mixtures thereof,
a suitable compatible plasticiser or blend of plasticisers for adjusting said viscosity,
wherein said thermoplastic composition has a viscosity of from 50 poise to 4000 poise at a frequency of 1 rad/s at a temperature of 210┬░C or less and a viscosity of less than 2000 poise at a frequency of 1000 rad/s at a temperature of 210┬░C or less.
2. A thermoplastic composition according to claim 1 , wherein said thermoplastic polymer comprises thermoplastic poly-ether-amide block copolymers, thermoplastic poly-ether-ester-amide block copolymers, thermoplastic polyester block copolymers, thermoplastic polyurethanes, or mixtures thereof.
3. A thermoplastic composition according to any preceding claim, wherein said composition comprises: from 10% to 80%, preferably from 25% to 70%, by weight of said thermoplastic composition, of said polymer or mixture of polymers,
from 20% to 90%, preferably from 30 to 75%, by weight of said thermoplastic composition, of said plasticiser or blend of plasticisers,
from 0 to 50% by weight of a suitable compatible tackifyer resin.
4. A thermoplastic composition according to any preceding claim, wherein said plasticisers are selected from citric acid esters, tartaric acid esters, glycerol and its esters, adipates, sebacates, sorbitol, epoxidized vegetal oils, polymerised vegetal oils, polyols, phthalates, liquid polyesters, glycolates, p-toluene sulfonamide and derivatives, glycols and polyglycols, sorbitan esters, phosphates, monocarboxylic fatty acids (C8-C22) and their derivatives, and mixtures thereof.
5. A thermoplastic composition according to any preceding claim, wherein said tackifier resins are selected from rosins and rosin esters, hydrocarbon resins, aliphatic resins, terpene and terpene-phenolic resins, aromatic resins, synthetic C5 resins, mixtures of synthetic C5-C9 resins, and mixtures thereof.
6. A moisture vapour permeable layer formed from the thermoplastic composition of claim 1 , wherein said layer is liquid impervious and has a water vapour transmission rate (WVTR) of at least 300 g/m2-24h with a thickness of said layer of at least 0.5 ╬╝m.
7. A moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious composite comprising the layer of claim 6 coated onto a substrate, said substrate being moisture vapour permeable.
8. An absorbent article comprising a moisture vapour permeable, liquid impervious layer or composite according to claims 6 or 7.
9. A process for making a thermoplastic composition according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:
ΓÇó providing said thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers,
ΓÇó providing said suitable plasticiser or blend of plasticisers,
ΓÇó heating said thermoplastic polymer or mixture of polymers and said plasticiser or blend of plasticisers and compounding them to form said thermoplastic composition in the molten state.
10. A process for making a layer from the thermoplastic composition of claim 1 , comprising the steps of:
ΓÇó providing said thermoplastic composition,
ΓÇó heating said thermoplastic composition to make it flowable,
ΓÇó coating said thermoplastic composition onto a substrate in a layer having a desired thickness.
A. CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECT MATTER ,
IPC 6 A61L15/00 C08K5/00 //C08L101.00
According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC
B. FIELDS SEARCHED
Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols)
IPC 6 A61L C08L C08K
Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched
Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practical, search terms used)
C. DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT
Category 0 Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No
EP 0805 182 A (KUREHA CHEMICAL IND CO 1 , 3,4 , 9 LTD) 5 November 1997 ( 1997-11-05) cl aims 1 , 7,9 page 5 , l ine 11 - l i ne 15 page 7 , l ine 50 - l i ne 58 tabl e 1
EP 0806283 A (KUREHA CHEMICAL IND CO 1,3,4,9 LTD) 12 November 1997 ( 1997-11-12) cl aims 1 ,9, 11 page 6 , l ine 9 - l ine 13 page 9 , l ine 43 - l ine 52 table 1
-/--
Further documents are listed in the continuation of box C Patent family members are listed in annex
┬░ Special categories of cited documents
"T" later document published after the international filing date or pπoπty date and not in conflict with the application but
"A" document defining the general state of the art which is not cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the considered to be of particular relevance invention
"E" earlier document but published on or after the international "X" document of particular relevance, the claimed invention filing date cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to
"L" document which may throw doubts on pπority claιm(s) or involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone which is cited to establish the publication date of another "Y" document of particular relevance, the claimed invention citation or other special reason (as specified) cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the
O ' document referπng to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or document is combined with one or more other such docuother means ments, such combination being obvious to a person skilled
"P" document published prior to the international filing date but in the art later than the pπority date claimed "& ' document member of the same patent family
Date of the actual completion of the international search Date of mailing of the international search report
27 July 1999 05/08/1999
Name and mailing address of the ISA Authorized officer
European Patent Office, P B 5818 Pateπtlaan 2 NL - 2280 HV Rijswijk Tel (+31-70) ^0-2040, Tx 31 651 epo nl, Fax (+31-70) 3-10-3016 Ni aounaki s , M
Form PCT/ISAΛ210 (second sheer) (July 1992) page 1 of 2 C.(Continuatlon) DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT
Category ' Citation of document, with indication.where appropπate, of the relevant Relevant to claim No.
US 5424346 A (SINCLAIR RICHARD 6) 13 June 1995 (1995-06-13) claims 1,5,15 column 8, line 17 - line 19; figure 5; example 30 column 9, line 58 - line 61
US 4 123410 A (LEE JR GIM F) 31 October 1978 (1978-10-31) claims 1,4,9 table 1
Form PCT/1SA/210 (continuation ot second sheet) (July 1992) pa e 2 of 2
.nformation on patent family members
PCT/IB 99/00997
Patent document Publication Patent family Publication cited in search report date member(s) date
EP 0805182 A 05-11-1997 P 10072529 A 17-03-1998
EP 0806283 A 12-11-1997 P 10337772 A 22-12-1998
US 5424346 A 13-06-1995 AU 8660191 A 30-03-1992
CA 2091185 A 07-03-1992
EP 0548284 A 30-06-1993
FI 930992 A 05-03-1993
JP 6504799 T 02-06-1994
WO 9204413 A 19-03-1992
US 5767222 A 16-06-1998
US 5444113 A 22-08-1995
US 5556895 A 17-09-1996
US 5801223 A 01-09-1998
US 5760118 A 02-06-1998
US 5834582 A 10-11-1998
US 5502158 A 26-03-1996
AT 177134 T 15-03-1999
DE 68928938 D 08-04-1999
DK 50391 A 20-03-1991
EP 0428620 A 29-05-1991
HU 64576 A 28-01-1994 O 9001521 A 22-02-1990
AU 634723 B 04-03-1993
CA 1339026 A 25-03-1997
JP 2725870 B 11-03-1998
JP 4504731 T 20-08-1992
US 4123410 A 31-10-1978 NONE
Form PCT/ISA/210 (patent family annex) (July 1992)
PCT/IB1999/000997 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles WO1999064077A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19980110597 EP0963760A1 (en) 1998-06-09 1998-06-09 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles
EP98110597.6 1998-06-09

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1999629190 DE69929190T2 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low-viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture-permeable structures
US09702000 US6534561B1 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapor permeable structures and the utilization thereof in absorbent articles
EP19990921068 EP1085911B1 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles
CA 2332982 CA2332982C (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles
JP2000553145A JP4469495B2 (en) 1999-06-01 1999-06-01 Use for water vapor permeable structure low viscosity thermoplastic compositions and to their absorbent products
DE1999629190 DE69929190D1 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low-viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture-permeable structures

Publications (1)

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WO1999064077A1 true true WO1999064077A1 (en) 1999-12-16

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PCT/IB1999/000997 WO1999064077A1 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-01 Low viscosity thermoplastic compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures and the utilisation thereof in absorbent articles
PCT/US1999/013073 WO1999064078A3 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-09 Shape-formed, three dimensional, moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable articles

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PCT/US1999/013073 WO1999064078A3 (en) 1998-06-09 1999-06-09 Shape-formed, three dimensional, moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable articles

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US (1) US6534561B1 (en)
EP (3) EP0963760A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2003527451A (en)
CN (1) CN1305389A (en)
CA (2) CA2332982C (en)
DE (2) DE69929190T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2255265T3 (en)
WO (2) WO1999064077A1 (en)

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WO2001097870A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions with low water solubility component
US7232858B2 (en) 2002-08-14 2007-06-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic adhesive compositions for attachment on dry and wet surfaces and with increased water adhesion stability
US7799431B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2010-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid impermeable, moisture vapour permeable layers and films comprising thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions

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EP1180370A1 (en) * 2000-08-10 2002-02-20 The Procter &amp; Gamble Company Disposable, moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable covering sheet for bedding articles having an improved comfort
EP1180533A1 (en) * 2000-08-10 2002-02-20 The Procter &amp; Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic, polymeric compostions with improved adhesive properties for moisture vapour permeable structures
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EP1192886A1 (en) 2000-10-02 2002-04-03 The Procter &amp; Gamble Company Disposable, moisture vapour permeable, liquid impermeable covering sheet for bedding articles having odour reduction properties
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EP1433450A1 (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-06-30 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Polymeric compositions for moisture vapour permeable structures with improved structural stability and structures comprising said compositions
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EP1164161A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-19 The Procter &amp; Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions with high water solubility component
WO2001098399A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions with high water solubility component
WO2001097870A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions with low water solubility component
EP1179351A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2002-02-13 The Procter &amp; Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions with a plasticiser of low water solubility
US7799431B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2010-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid impermeable, moisture vapour permeable layers and films comprising thermoplastic hydrophilic polymeric compositions
US7232858B2 (en) 2002-08-14 2007-06-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Thermoplastic hydrophilic adhesive compositions for attachment on dry and wet surfaces and with increased water adhesion stability

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1085911B1 (en) 2005-12-28 grant
JP2003527451A (en) 2003-09-16 application
DE69929190D1 (en) 2006-02-02 grant
CN1305389A (en) 2001-07-25 application
CA2332982C (en) 2007-02-06 grant
DE69929190T2 (en) 2006-09-07 grant
CA2332982A1 (en) 1999-12-16 application
WO1999064078A2 (en) 1999-12-16 application
EP0963760A1 (en) 1999-12-15 application
US6534561B1 (en) 2003-03-18 grant
WO1999064078A3 (en) 2001-12-20 application
EP1144017A3 (en) application
CA2333714A1 (en) 1999-12-16 application
EP1144017A2 (en) 2001-10-17 application
EP1085911A1 (en) 2001-03-28 application
ES2255265T3 (en) 2006-06-16 grant

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