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Base webs for printed circuit board production using the foam process and aramid fibers

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Publication number
WO1999049118A1
WO1999049118A1 PCT/FI1999/000215 FI9900215W WO1999049118A1 WO 1999049118 A1 WO1999049118 A1 WO 1999049118A1 FI 9900215 W FI9900215 W FI 9900215W WO 1999049118 A1 WO1999049118 A1 WO 1999049118A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fibers
aramid
circuit
web
board
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI1999/000215
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Kay RÖKMAN
Håkan SABEL
Original Assignee
Ahlstrom Glassfibre Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/06Fibrous reinforcements only
    • B29C70/10Fibrous reinforcements only characterised by the structure of fibrous reinforcements, e.g. hollow fibres
    • B29C70/12Fibrous reinforcements only characterised by the structure of fibrous reinforcements, e.g. hollow fibres using fibres of short length, e.g. in the form of a mat
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H13/00Pulp or paper, comprising synthetic cellulose or non-cellulose fibres or web-forming material
    • D21H13/10Organic non-cellulose fibres
    • D21H13/20Organic non-cellulose fibres from macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D21H13/26Polyamides; Polyimides
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K1/00Printed circuits
    • H05K1/02Details
    • H05K1/03Use of materials for the substrate
    • H05K1/0313Organic insulating material
    • H05K1/0353Organic insulating material consisting of two or more materials, e.g. two or more polymers, polymer + filler, + reinforcement
    • H05K1/0366Organic insulating material consisting of two or more materials, e.g. two or more polymers, polymer + filler, + reinforcement reinforced, e.g. by fibres, fabrics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
    • B29K2105/06Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts
    • B29K2105/12Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts of short lengths, e.g. chopped filaments, staple fibres, bristles
    • B29K2105/128Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts of short lengths, e.g. chopped filaments, staple fibres, bristles in the form of a mat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/34Electrical apparatus, e.g. sparking plugs or parts thereof
    • B29L2031/3425Printed circuits
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/20Macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/33Synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D21H17/34Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D21H17/36Polyalkenyalcohols; Polyalkenylethers; Polyalkenylesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/20Macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/33Synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D21H17/46Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D21H17/52Epoxy resins
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K2201/00Indexing scheme relating to printed circuits covered by H05K1/00
    • H05K2201/02Fillers; Particles; Fibers; Reinforcement materials
    • H05K2201/0275Fibers and reinforcement materials
    • H05K2201/0278Polymeric fibers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K2201/00Indexing scheme relating to printed circuits covered by H05K1/00
    • H05K2201/02Fillers; Particles; Fibers; Reinforcement materials
    • H05K2201/0275Fibers and reinforcement materials
    • H05K2201/0293Non-woven fibrous reinforcement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/02Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits in which the conductive material is applied to the surface of the insulating support and is thereafter removed from such areas of the surface which are not intended for current conducting or shielding
    • H05K3/022Processes for manufacturing precursors of printed circuits, i.e. copper-clad substrates

Abstract

A printed circuit board is made from at least one non-woven sheet or web layer comprising at least 10 % weight aramid fibers, with any balance substantially electrically non-conductive fibers, filler, and binder. The sheet or web is preferably made by the foam process, and at least about 10 % (e.g. at least about 60 %) of the aramid fibers utilized are aramid pulp fibers which have a number of advantages compared to the conventional straight aramid fibers. The web or sheet is preferably compressed so that it has a density of about 0.1-0.2 grams per cubic. centimeter; and the web or sheet has a basis weight of between about 20-120 grams per square meter. The web may also have a substantially electrically non-conductive binder such as PVA or an epoxy resin. A printed circuit board made using the aramid layers of non-woven webs or sheets is otherwise conventional, including a pre-preg material, electrically conductive circuit elements, and electronics.

Description

BASE WEBS FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PRODUCTION USING THE FOAM PROCESS AND ARAMID FIBERS

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is based upon provisional application serial no.

60/078,708 filed March 20, 1998.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Printed circuit boards are conventionally made of primarily fiberglass fibers, with electrically non-conductive fillers. However there has been increasing interest in making printed circuit boards ("PCB") from aramid fibers since aramid fibers have a number of advantages over glass. In particular aramid has less electrical conductivity and therefore allows construction of a board that can have closer circuit density and is less susceptible to high frequency energy corruption. Also another outstanding characteristic of aramid is it has a better co-efficient of thermal expansion than glass. Aramid non-woven webs also have a smooth surface, and are superior in high temperature applications to glassfiber webs. Because of these advantages, duPont Chemical Company uses its own brand of aramid fiber ("THERMOUNT") in the production of printed circuit boards.

The duPont aramid PCBs are made using the conventional liquid laid process for non-woven web production using a foraminous element, such as a wire. In order to effectively make non-woven webs using aramid fibers by the liquid laid process, duPont uses a blend of different length and diameter aramid fibers, some of which may be fibrillated, in an attempt to produce versatile and entirely commercially acceptable printed circuit boards. However there are numerous problems associated with the water laid process of production of aramid non-woven sheets or webs using conventional para aramid fibers (which are "straight"). Conventional aramid printed circuit boards, and layers formed of non-woven webs making up such boards, have a significant number of problems including the inability to randomly disperse the aramid fibers as uniformly as customers would like, and typically the aramid sheets are directional. This directionality creates different co-efficients of thermal expansion in the machine direction and the cross-machine direction in the finished product, and in tear characteristics relating to saturating the sheet. Also such boards are difficult to handle and require a significant amount of handling experience by customers, and they have an affinity to absorb moisture so that some customers must bake each roll in an oven to drive off humidity before it can be used. Also great care must be exercised during manufacturing to avoid chain wrinkles, lay flat, and other undesirable features which can be introduced during the forming, calendering, and rewinding processes. Also there is a recognized problem with electrically conductive particulate contamination, which reduces the electrical properties of the web produced.

According to the present invention a printed circuit board layer, the printed circuit board per se, and a method of producing printed circuit boards, are provided which overcome a number of the problems associated with conventional aramid-based printed circuit boards. By using two different techniques - which techniques may be used separately, or to obtain optimum results are used together - according to the invention, the uniformity of the aramid layers, and printed circuit boards produced thereby, can be significantly enhanced, including reducing or substantially eliminating the directionality present in conventional prior art aramid boards. One technique according to the present invention is to use at least 10% by weight of aramid pulp fibers, and the other technique according to the invention is to use the foam process, such as described in co-pending applications serial no. 08/923,900 filed September 4, 1997 and serial no. 08;/923,250 filed September 4, 1997 (the disclosures of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein).

With respect to the utilization of aramid pulp fibers, aramid pulp fibers have different properties than the conventional para aramid fibers. The aramid pulp fibers are curly rather than straight, and can more readily fill openings between the straight fibers that are in the web or sheet, and provide more cross-over or contact points between the fibers, resulting in greater web strength and lower web directionality, while also minimizing the amount of conventional binder (such as PVA or epoxy resin) that is necessary. The pulp aramid fibers also enhance the possibility of calendering the web so as to enhance the density properties while minimizing the amount of binder. According to the present invention it is possible to obtain webs or sheets containing at least 10% aramid fiber that are between 20-120 grams per square meter, and have a density, enhanced by calendering, of between about 0.1-0.2 grams per cubic centimeter.

According to another aspect of the present invention, instead of - or in addition to - using aramid pulp fibers, the non-woven web or sheet may be made utilizing the foam process as described in the above- mentioned co-pending applications. The foam process is highly efficient in handling fibers like aramid fibers, allowing the formation of a much more uniform web, and allowing fiber blending to a much better extent than webs produced by the water laid process. Fiber blending may be particularly important in the production of printed circuit board layers containing aramid fibers because aramid fibers are much more expensive than glass fibers, and in order to reduce the cost of aramid non-woven webs or sheets, while still obtaining most of the advantageous properties thereof, glass fibers, and conventional non-conductive fillers (such as plastic or glass particles) can be incorporated in the foam and are uniformly distributed in the final web produced. Also by using the foam process the density of the aramid fiber-containing webs or sheets produced may be much more closely regulated than when the water laid process is utilized, and the entire formation process is less expensive and more energy efficient.

Utilizing either of the two techniques according to the invention, printed circuit boards, and layers for printed circuit boards, may be produced containing at least 10% aramid fiber, and preferably at least 30% aramid fiber, and more preferably at least 50% aramid fiber, on up to substantially 100% aramid fiber. While substantially 100% aramid fiber boards and layers may be produced according to the invention, because of the expense of the aramid fibers typically there will be at least some other non-conductive fibers, like glass fibers, or non-conductive fillers, and aramid pulp fibers may also be blended with conventional para aramid (straight) fibers.

According to one aspect of the present invention a non-woven sheet or web is provided comprising at least 10% (and preferably at least 30%, more preferably at least 50%, up to substantially 100%, e.g. at least 90% aramid fibers) by weight aramid fibers, and any balance substantially electrically non-conductive fibers or fillers or binder, made by the foam process. The sheet or web may comprise at least about 10% straight aramid fibers, or glass fibers, in addition to at least about 10% pulp aramid fibers. The web or sheet is typically compressed (as by using conventional calendering rolls) so that it has a density of between about .1-.2 grams per cubic centimeter, and a basis weight of between 20-120 grams per square meter. The web or sheet may also comprise at least about 1% by weight of a substantially electrically non-conductive binder, such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), epoxy resin, other conventional substantially non-conductive binders, or combinations thereof.

According to another aspect of the present invention a printed circuit board is provided comprising the following components: A plurality of substantially electrically non-conductive substrate layers. At least one of the layers comprising, prior to pre-preg, a non-woven layer comprising at least 10% by weight aramid pulp fibers. A pre-preg material, impregnating at least some of the layers. And, electrically conductive circuit elements provided on or between at least one of the substrate layers. Most printed circuit boards are made with between three to six layers, although a significant number of boards are also made using seven to eight layers, and there are also many boards made using nine or more layers. The pre-preg material is entirely conventional, and typically is epoxy resin, and the electrically conductive circuit elements are also completely conventional (as is their positioning), typically comprising copper strips, wires, or deposits, or like physical structures of other conductive materials such as silver. Typically the at least one layer containing the aramid pulp fibers is produced by the foam process, and may have at least about 50% by weight aramid pulp fibers prior to pre- preg. Each of the substrate layers may have a density of about .1-.2 grams per cubic centimeter prior to pre-preg, and the board typically further comprises a plurality of electronic components (such as computer chips, diodes, resistors, etc.) connected to the board substrate, and to the electrically conductive circuit elements, using entirely conventional techniques.

According to another aspect of the present invention, a method of producing a printed circuit board is provided comprising the following steps: (a) Using the foam process producing a non-woven sheet or web comprising at least 10% by weight aramid fibers and the balance substantially electrically non-conductive fibers, filler, and binder, (b) Calendering the sheet or web from step (a), (c) Forming a printed circuit board layer using the sheet or web from step (b). (d) Forming a pre-preg from the layer of step (c) by impregnating the layer with resin or the like, (e) Combining the layer from step (c) with other substantially electrically non-conductive layers, (f) Providing electrically conductive circuit elements on or between at least one of the layers from step (c). And, (g) curing the pre-preg of steps (d)-(f) to produce a printed circuit board. Step (b) is conventional, and typically is accomplished utilizing calendering rollers. The layering of the sheets or webs or produce the printed circuit board, of step (c), and the pre-preg formation of step (d), and combining a layer from step (c) with other substantially electrically non-conductive layers as in step (e), and providing the electrically conductive circuit elements as recited in step (f), as well as securing of step (g), are also all conventional. Also there preferably are the further conventional steps of (h) mechanically acting on the board from step (g); and (i) electrically and physically connecting electronic components to the board from step (h), and to the circuit elements.

Steps (a) and (b) are typically practiced to produce a sheet or web having a density of .1-.2 grams per cubic centimeter, and step (a) is typically practiced using at least about 30%, preferably at least about 7

50%, and perhaps at least 90%, by weight, aramid fibers, either all pulp, or all straight, or a combination of pulp and straight aramid fibers. For example step (a) may be practiced using at least 10% by weight aramid pulp fibers, and at least 10% by weight glass fibers, straight aramid fibers, or a mixture of glass and straight aramid fibers.

It is the primary object of the present invention to produce aramid fiber-containing layers, and printed circuit boards formed from one or more of such layers, which have enhanced utility and/or enhanced ease and reduced cost of production, compared to conventional aramid fiber- containing layers or boards. This and other objects of the invention will become clear from an inspection of the detailed description of the invention, and from the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGURE 1 is a schematic view illustrating an exemplary method according to the present invention, resulting in the production of a printed circuit board; and

FIGURE 2 is an exploded schematic view of a circuit board according to the present invention without electronic components mounted thereon.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGURE 1 schematically illustrates a preferred method 10 of producing printed circuit boards, which have at least one layer containing aramid fibers. The first step according to the invention is the production of a web or a sheet using the foam process, as illustrated schematically at 11 in FIGURE 1. Aramid fibers from source 12, other fibers or fillers from source 112, surfactant and water from source 14, and the like are provided, and the foam process is practiced preferably as described in serial no. 08/923,900 filed September 4, 1997 and serial no. 08/923,250 filed September 4, 1997, or the prior art mentioned therein. Typically the slurry has a consistency of at least about 5%, e.g. about 5-50%. Typically some binder will be added to the web, either prior to formation, as indicated schematically at 15 in FIGURE 1 , and/or after formation, as indicated schematically at 16 in FIGURE 1. The binder may comprise at least about 1% by weight of a substantially electrically non-conductive binder, examples of known binders for that purpose being PVA, epoxy resin, and combinations thereof. By practicing the invention, however, because the web formation is much better (being more uniform, less directional, and having better strength properties) than webs of identical composition made by the water laid process, less binder is necessary (whether added at 15, 16, or both places) than is conventional, e.g. at least 25% less binder is necessary, in fact often less than 5% (e.g. 1- 4.9%).

After web or sheet formation, the web or sheet is dried as indicated schematically at 17 in FIGURE 1 using conventional drying equipment (such as a drying oven), and the web is calendered as indicated schematically at 18, e.g. using conventional calendering rolls. Typically steps 11 , 15 and 16, 17 and 18 will take place at one location, and then the final web or sheet produced (if a web is produced it is wound using conventional techniques, and if sheets are produced they are typically stacked for transport) is transported to another location where the other conventional steps for printed circuit board production take place.

The webs or sheets produced by the steps 11 and 15 through 18 typically have a density of between about .1-.2 grams per cubic centimeter, and a basis weight of between about 20-120 grams per square meter.

The step schematically illustrated at 20 in FIGURE 1 is a pre-preg step, where the web or sheets from 18 are impregnated with epoxy resin from source 21 or the like, the impregnating resin being substantially electrically non-conductive. After pre-preg formation, the board is layered -- that is various layers are utilized (either the layers from step 18, or other layers produced by conventional techniques and of more conventional materials, such as glass fibers) are assembled together and circuit elements added, as schematically illustrated at 22. Circuit elements may be added in any conventional manner (e.g. screen printing, cladding, mechanical laydown and attachment, etc.) Then the layered intermediate board, with circuit elements, is cured in a conventional manner as in a curing oven, as illustrated schematically at 23 in FIGURE 1. After curing at 23, the intermediate board is acted on mechanically

-- as illustrated schematically at 24 in FIGURE 1 -- as is conventional, e.g. various holes being formed therein, shaping, shaving, texturing, enhancing exposure of circuit elements, or the like. Then the electronic components are added -- as schematically illustrated at 25 in FIGURE 1 -- to produce the final circuit board illustrated schematically at 26 in FIGURE 1. The electronic component addition step 25 is also conventional, various electronic elements that are to be utilized on the final board 26 being mechanically connected to the board and electrically connected to each other and/or circuit elements. The board 26, being only very schematically illustrated in FIGURE

1 , comprise the substrate 27 formed of multiple (typically between three and nine, but most typically between three and six) layers, illustrated schematically at 28 in FIGURE 1. According to the invention each of the 10

layers 28 may comprise at least 10% by weight (prior to pre-preg) aramid fibers (either straight or pulp), and preferably contain at least 30% aramid fibers, more preferably at least 50% fibers, and even more preferably at least about 90% aramid fibers (up to substantially 100% aramid fibers). However the layers 28 may have different percentages and types of aramid fibers therein, or some of the layers 28 may be conventional glass layers, or have other conventional constructions. However about 55-90% (by weight) or more aramid pulp fibers may be used (e.g. 60-90%). The final circuit board 26 illustrated in FIGURE 1 also has electrically conductive circuit elements 29, which are strips, wires, or deposits of electrically conductive material, such as copper, silver, or other conventional conductive materials or blends thereof. The elements 29 connect electronic components together, and connect the board 26 to a power source, other boards, or other external components. FIGURE 1 schematically illustrates conventional chips 30 as electronic components, as well as diodes or resistors or capacitors 31 , or the like. Any conventional electronic components can be utilized in the construction of the board 26 according to the invention.

The board 26 according to the invention will have less electrical conductivity than conventional glass boards, therefore can have closer circuit density and is less susceptible to high frequency energy corruption. Also because of a better co-efficient of thermal expansion, the board 26 can be expected to have longer life than an otherwise conventional board, can be used in higher temperature environments, and is otherwise advantageous.

In the web formation step 11 , the appropriate type and percentage of fibers will be added to get the desired results. Preferably the aramid fibers added at 12 are at least 10% by weight pulp aramid fibers, e.g. at 11

least about 30%, more preferably at least about 60%, up to substantially 100%. Conventional straight aramid fibers may also be added instead of the pulp fibers at 12, or in addition to the aramid pulp fibers at 12, as indicated at line 13. For example at least about 10% straight aramid fibers may also be added, and/or at least about 10% glass fibers.

Conventional fillers may also be utilized, as long as they are substantially electrically non-conductive, such as known glass and plastic particulate fillers.

FIGURE 2 schematically illustrates the board 26 before the mechanical activity at 24 and the electrical component addition at 25 from FIGURE 1 , showing the components in an exploded view. Each of. the layers 28 are preferably produced by the steps 11 and 15 through 18 (as well as by pre-preg at 20) and can have varying fiber compositions, but preferably each have at least 10% aramid fibers. The electrically conductive circuit elements are shown disposed between the layers 28, and may overlap the edges of the layers 28 for connection to external components, or to facilitate connection to components that will ultimately be mounted on the substrate 27. As is conventional, one or more of the layers 28 may be etched, mechanically sanded or handled, or otherwise acted upon to expose circuit elements 29 where necessary or desirable. When aramid pulp fibers are utilized according to the present invention, preferably they are those sold under the trademark COSMORON, from Kolon Industries, Inc. of Seoul, South Korea. While fiber length is not necessarily significant, normally available fiber lengths that can be used are .5-2.5 mm. The pulp fibers -- illustrated highly schematically at 32 in FIGURE 2 for the upper layer 28 - are curly, so that they readily fill the area between other fibers and/or fillers, and/or provide many cross-over points for contact between themselves or other 12

fibers, increasing web or sheet strength, and allowing reduction (e.g. by about 25% or more) of the amount of binder used for web formation.

It will thus be seen that according to the present invention a highly advantageous non-woven sheet or web for use in a printed circuit board construction, a printed circuit board, and a method of producing a printed circuit board, have been provided. While the invention has been herein shown and described in what is presently conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment thereof, it will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that many modifications may be made thereof within the scope of the invention, which scope is to be accorded the broadest interpretation of the appended claims so as to encompass all equivalent structures and methods.

Claims

13WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A non-woven sheet or web comprising at least 10% by weight aramid fibers, and any balance substantially electrically non-conductive fibers or filler or binder, or combinations thereof, made by the foam process.
2. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 comprising at least about 50% aramid fibers.
3. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 wherein the aramid fibers comprise at least 10% by weight pulp aramid fibers.
4. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 wherein said web or sheet has been compressed so that it has a density of about .1-.2 g/cm3.
5. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 further comprising at least about 1% by weight of a substantially electrically non- conductive binder
6. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 5 wherein the binder comprises PVA or epoxy resin or combinations thereof.
7. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 3 further comprising at least about 10% straight aramid fibers, or glass fibers.
8. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 comprising at least about 90% aramid fibers. 14
9. A non-woven sheet or web as recited in claim 1 having a basis weight of between 20-120 g/m2.
10. A printed circuit board comprising: a plurality of substantially electrically non-conductive substrate layers; at least one of said layers comprising, prior to pre-preg, a non- woven layer comprising at least 10% by weight aramid pulp fibers; a pre-preg material, impregnating at least some of said layers; and electrically conductive circuit elements provided on or between at least one of said substrate layers.
11. A printed circuit board as recited in claim 10 further comprising a plurality of electronic components mounted on or between at least one of said substrate layers and electrically connected to said circuit elements.
12. A printed circuit board as recited in claim 10 wherein each of said substrate layers comprises a non-woven layer comprising at least 10% aramid pulp fibers prior to pre-preg.
13. A printed circuit board as recited in claim 10 wherein at least one of said substrate layers comprises at least about 60% by weight aramid pulp fibers prior to pre-preg.
14. A printed circuit board as recited in claim 12 wherein each of said substrate layers has a density of about .1-.2 g/cm3 prior to pre-preg. 15
15. A printed circuit board as recited in claim 11 wherein said at least one non-woven layer with at least 10% aramid pulp fibers is produced by the foam process.
16. A method of producing a printed circuit board comprising the steps of: (a) using the foam process producing a non-woven sheet or web comprising at least 10% by weight aramid fibers and the balance substantially electrically non-conductive fibers, filler, and binder; (b) calendering the sheet or web from step (a); (c) forming a printed circuit board layer using the sheet or web from step (b); (d) forming a pre-preg from the layer of step (c) by impregnating the layer with resin or the like; (e) combining the layer from step (c) with other substantially electrically non-conductive layers; (f) providing electrically conductive circuit elements on or between at least one of the layers from step (c); and (g) curing the pre-preg of steps (d)-(f) to produce a printed circuit board.
17. A method as recited in claim 16 comprising the further steps of (h) mechanically acting on the board from step (g); and (i) electrically and physically connecting electronic components to the board from step (h), and to the circuit elements. 16
18. A method as recited in claim 16 wherein steps (a) and (b) are practiced to produce a sheet or web having a density of .1-.2 g/cm3, and wherein step (a) is practiced using a slurry having a solids consistency of at least about 5%.
19. A method as recited in claim 18 wherein step (a) is practiced using at least about 60% by weight aramid pulp fibers.
20. A method as recited in claim 18 wherein step (a) is practiced using at least 10% by weight aramid pulp fibers, and at least 10% by weight glass fibers, straight aramid fibers, or a mixture of glass and straight aramid fibers.
21. A method as recited in claim 16 wherein step (a) is practiced using at least about 60% aramid pulp fibers
PCT/FI1999/000215 1998-03-20 1999-03-19 Base webs for printed circuit board production using the foam process and aramid fibers WO1999049118A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US7870898 true 1998-03-20 1998-03-20
US60/078,708 1998-03-20
US10827898 true 1998-07-01 1998-07-01
US09/108,278 1998-07-01

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000538069A JP2002507670A (en) 1998-03-20 1999-03-19 Basis for printed circuit board production using the foaming process and an aramid fiber web
EP19990908993 EP1064421A1 (en) 1998-03-20 1999-03-19 Base webs for printed circuit board production using the foam process and aramid fibers
CA 2323642 CA2323642A1 (en) 1998-03-20 1999-03-19 Base webs for printed circuit board production using the foam process and aramid fibers

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999049118A1 true true WO1999049118A1 (en) 1999-09-30

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PCT/FI1999/000215 WO1999049118A1 (en) 1998-03-20 1999-03-19 Base webs for printed circuit board production using the foam process and aramid fibers

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JP (1) JP2002507670A (en)
CN (1) CN1301316A (en)
CA (1) CA2323642A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1064421A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999049118A1 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000029671A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2000-05-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of using water-borne epoxies and urethanes in print bonding fluid and products made therefrom
EP1319746A1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-06-18 Owens-Corning Veil Netherlands B.V. Wet-laid nonwoven reinforcing mat
EP2397591A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-21 Ahlstrom Corporation Parchmentized fibrous support containing parchmentizable synthetic fibers and method of manufacturing the same
EP2922904A4 (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-07-20 Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt Oy Moldable fibrous product and method of producing the same

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GB1329409A (en) * 1972-04-06 1973-09-05 Wiggins Teape Research Dev Ltd Method of and apparatus for manufacturing paper or other non- woven fibrous material
US4698267A (en) * 1985-09-17 1987-10-06 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company High density para-aramid papers
US4743495A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-05-10 Amatex Corporation Seat cushion fire blocking fabric
US4883708A (en) * 1987-06-04 1989-11-28 Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. Metal foil covered laminate
WO1996038026A1 (en) * 1995-05-22 1996-11-28 Dynaco Corporation Rigid-flex printed circuit boards
GB2311304A (en) * 1996-02-21 1997-09-24 Shin Kobe Electric Machinery A laminate base material, a method of producing the same, a prepreg and a laminate

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1329409A (en) * 1972-04-06 1973-09-05 Wiggins Teape Research Dev Ltd Method of and apparatus for manufacturing paper or other non- woven fibrous material
US4698267A (en) * 1985-09-17 1987-10-06 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company High density para-aramid papers
US4743495A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-05-10 Amatex Corporation Seat cushion fire blocking fabric
US4883708A (en) * 1987-06-04 1989-11-28 Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. Metal foil covered laminate
WO1996038026A1 (en) * 1995-05-22 1996-11-28 Dynaco Corporation Rigid-flex printed circuit boards
GB2311304A (en) * 1996-02-21 1997-09-24 Shin Kobe Electric Machinery A laminate base material, a method of producing the same, a prepreg and a laminate

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000029671A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2000-05-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of using water-borne epoxies and urethanes in print bonding fluid and products made therefrom
US6500289B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of using water-borne epoxies and urethanes in print bonding fluid and products made therefrom
EP1319746A1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-06-18 Owens-Corning Veil Netherlands B.V. Wet-laid nonwoven reinforcing mat
EP2397591A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-21 Ahlstrom Corporation Parchmentized fibrous support containing parchmentizable synthetic fibers and method of manufacturing the same
US9809925B2 (en) 2010-06-15 2017-11-07 Ahlstrom-Munksjö Oyj Parchmentized fibrous support containing parchmentizable synthetic fibers and method of manufacturing the same
EP2922904A4 (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-07-20 Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt Oy Moldable fibrous product and method of producing the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP2002507670A (en) 2002-03-12 application
EP1064421A1 (en) 2001-01-03 application
CA2323642A1 (en) 1999-09-30 application
CN1301316A (en) 2001-06-27 application

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