WO1999041590A1 - Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate - Google Patents

Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate

Info

Publication number
WO1999041590A1
WO1999041590A1 PCT/FI1999/000098 FI9900098W WO1999041590A1 WO 1999041590 A1 WO1999041590 A1 WO 1999041590A1 FI 9900098 W FI9900098 W FI 9900098W WO 1999041590 A1 WO1999041590 A1 WO 1999041590A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
measuring
amount
coating
micrometers
wavelength
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI1999/000098
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jussi Tenhunen
Markku KÄNSÄKOSKI
Markku MÄNTYLÄ
Original Assignee
Neles Paper Automation Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
    • G01N21/25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
    • G01N21/31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
    • G01N21/35Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry using infra-red light
    • G01N21/3563Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry using infra-red light for analysing solids; Preparation of samples therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate. Reflection measurement is used in the invention for measuring the properties of a coating (4a). The amount of calcium carbonate in the coating is measured by measuring an absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers and/or the amount of kaolin is measured by measuring an absorption peak of kaolin at a wavelength of about 2.7 micrometers.

Description

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE AMOUNT OF COATING ON A MOVING SUBSTRATE

The invention relates to a method for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate, the method comprising measuring the amount of at least one component in a coating by reflection measurement.

The invention also relates to a device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate, the device comprising a radiation source for producing a light beam, a detector for measuring the reflected light beam and means for processing a signal of the detector, the device being arranged to measure the amount of at least one component in a coating.

In a manufacturing process it is important to monitor the amount of coating on a moving substrate, such as paper or cardboard web. Coating improves the printing quality of paper, and the amount of coating should, if pos- sible, be kept constant in one paper grade. The coating materials consist of binders and coating pigments. Most common coating pigments used in coating are kaolin, calcium carbonate and titanium dioxide. During a paper manufacturing process the amount of coating is in general continuously measured by measuring devices moving in cross direction of the paper perpendicularly over the paper web as the web moves forward.

US patent 5 455 422 describes a method in which the amount of coating is measured by measuring, for example, the absorption peak of latex at a wavelength of 2.30 micrometers and the absorption peak of clay at a wavelength of 2.21 micrometers. Said patent further describes the measure- ment of calcium carbonate by measuring the amount of backscattering at a wavelength of 2.09 micrometers. However, for measuring the amount of calcium carbonate said method is unreliable and inaccurate, since the method is based on a weak cellulose absorption coverage effect caused by the coating and dependent on multiple factors and not on the absorption caused by car- bonate. The amount of calcium carbonate could also be determined, for example, on the basis of kaolin measurement assuming that the ratio between the amounts of kaolin and calcium carbonate in a coating is constant. However, this is not always the case, and problems are created particularly if the kaolin content is low i.e. below approximately 20% and the carbonate content correspondingly high i.e. approximately 80%.

EP publication 0 332 018 shows a method in which the amount of kaolin in paper is measured by transmission measurement, for example, at wavelengths of about 1.4 and 2.2 micrometers. However, by transmission measurement the portion of coating in the measurement result is very difficult to determine. Furthermore, the portion of calcium carbonate has to be ap- proximated as shown in the previous chapter.

GB publication 2 127 541 shows how transmission measurement is used for measuring the amount of additives in paper. The publication describes how the amount of calcium carbonate is measured by measuring the absorption peaks at wavelengths of 11.54 micrometers and 11.77 microme- ters. The amount of coating cannot be measured by said method, since the fillers in base paper are included in the results. Furthermore, the absorption of paper can be so high that measurement through paper is not possible. Moreover, in its entirety, the accuracy of the measurement results is not good enough. It is an object of the present invention to provide a method in which the above drawbacks can be avoided.

The method of the invention is characterized by measuring the amount of calcium carbonate by measuring an absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers. The device of the invention is further characterized by being arranged to measure the amount of calcium carbonate from the coating by measuring an absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers.

The essential idea of the invention is to measure the components of the coating by reflection measurement so as to measure the amount of calcium carbonate by measuring the absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers and/or the amount of kaolin by measuring the absorption peak of kaolin at a wavelength of about 2.7 micrometers. The invention has the advantage that the amount of calcium car- bonate and kaolin can be measured accurately and reliably, simultaneously in the same measurement or separately in different measurements. It is also possible to measure the total amount of calcium carbonate and kaolin from several applications on top of one another. The selectivity of the measurement for both calcium carbonate and kaolin is very good. In the following, the invention will be described in greater detail in the accompanying drawings, in which 3

Figure 1 is a schematic view showing a measuring device of the invention,

Figure 2 shows spectra of base paper and paper coated with calcium carbonate, and Figure 3 shows spectra of base paper and paper coated with kaolin.

Figure 1 shows a measuring arrangement where radiation reflected from an object is measured, i.e. the radiation source and the receiver are on the same side of the object to be measured. Said measurement is referred to as reflection measurement. Figure 1 shows a measuring device comprising a radiation source 1 producing a light beam 2. The radiation source 1 may be, for example, a halogen lamp or another suitable radiation source for producing an infrared beam. The light beam 2 is directed through a filter 3. The filter 3 filters the light so that only the light that is essential for the measurement and that is at the right wavelength band enters the measurement point. The filter 3 may be, for example, a rotating filter disc including several interference filters or another filter solution known per se. The structure of the filter 3 is as such known for those skilled in the art, and is therefore not explained in greater detail in this context. After the filter 3 the light beam 2 is directed through a window 5 to a paper or cardboard web 4 moving in the paper machine. The window 5 can be made of quartz glass or sapphire, for example. The paper or cardboard web 4 moves in the direction of arrow A. A coating 4a is arranged on the surface of the paper or cardboard web 4. Instead of the moving paper or cardboard web 4, the moving substrate, the coatings of which are measured, may also be, for ex- ample, a roll of a paper coating machine, a roll of a paper machine and/or generally a surface of a metal plate. The device also comprises a reference sample 6 which is moved at given intervals to the measurement point as indicated by arrow B. The sample 6 operates as a reflection reference and the measurement result obtained therefrom provides a picture of the condition of the light source 1 , the detector 7 and the window 5. In addition, reference measurement can, if desired, be used to correct the actual measurement result.

The reflected light beam 2 is directed to a detector 7. From the detector 7 the signals are directed through a preamplifier 8 to a computer 9 for processing the measured data in a manner known per se. For the sake of clarity, Figure 1 does not show the optics possibly needed to direct the light 4 beam 2. The structure used for conducting/guiding the light may be, for example, visualizing optics, an optical fiber or a bundle of optical fibers.

In Figure 2, curve C shows a reflection spectrum of base paper and curve D, indicated by a dashed line, shows the reflection spectrum of paper coated with calcium carbonate. The wavelength λ in micrometers is on the horizontal axis and the absorbancy is on the vertical axis. When the spectra were measured, an absorption peak E was unexpectedly found for calcium carbonate at a wavelength range of 3.95 micrometers. By arranging the device according to Figure 1 to measure the absorption peak at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers, the device can measure the amount of calcium carbonate.

Suitable reference wavelengths for measuring calcium carbonate are, for example, 4.55 micrometers and/or 3.7 micrometers. The suitable reference wavelengths for kaolin are, in turn, for example 2.64 micrometers and/or 2.8 micrometers. It should be noted that any reference wavelengths close to the actual measurement peak can be used as reference wavelengths. What is essential is that the absorbancies of base paper or coated paper are equal or nearly equal at said wavelength range. The wavelength 3.7 micrometers is particularly advantageous, since it can be used as reference also for measuring the amount of water. It is advantageous to measure the amount of water at a wavelength of about 3.175 micrometers.

The measurements performed show that the reflectivity increases in the range over 6.3 micrometers, when the basis weight of carbonate was increased. But in the range under 6.3 micrometers the reflectivity decreases, when the basis weight of carbonate was increased, the absorption measurement thus functioning reliably in this range.

In Figure 3, curve F shows the reflection spectrum of base paper and curve G, indicated by a dashed line, shows the reflection spectrum of kaolin coated paper. Figure 3 also shows the wavelength λ in micrometers on the horizontal axis and the absorbancy on the vertical axis. When the spectra were measured, an absorption peak H was unexpectedly found for kaolin at a wavelength range of about 2.7 micrometers. By arranging the device according to Figure 1 to measure the absorption peak at a wavelength of about 2.7 micrometers, the amount of kaolin in the coating can be determined. As for the properties affecting the signal-to-noise ratio of the radiation source, the windows and the detectors and the price of the device, a 5 measurement wavelength of 3.95 micrometers is advantageous for measuring the amount of calcium carbonate. Furthermore, the measurement of the amount of carbonate at a wavelength range of 3.95 micrometers can be implemented in the same meter as the measurement of the absorption peak of kaolin at 2.7 micrometers.

The drawing and the description associated thereto are merely intended to illustrate the idea of the invention. As for the details the invention may vary within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

1. A method for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate, the method comprising measuring the amount of at least one component in a coating by reflection measurement, characterized by meas- uring the amount of calcium carbonate by measuring an absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers
2. A method as claimed in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d by measuring a reference value for the measurement of the absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.7 micrometers.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, c ha racterized by measuring the amount of kaolin by measuring an absorption peak of kaolin at a wavelength of about 2.7 micrometers.
4. A method as claimed in claim 3, c h a r a c t e r i z e d by measuring a reference value for the measurement of the absorption peak of kaolin at a wavelength of about 2.64 micrometers.
5. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characte rized by measuring the amount of water at a wavelength of about 3.175 micrometers.
6. A method as claimed in claim 5, c h a r a c t e r i z e d by measuring a reference value for measuring the amount of water at a wavelength of about 3.7 micrometers.
7. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized by the moving substrate being a paper or cardboard web (4).
8. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, char- acterized by continuously measuring the amount of coating.
9. A device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate, the device comprising a radiation source (1) for producing a light beam (2), a detector (7) for measuring the reflected light beam (2) and means for processing a signal of the detector (7), the device being arranged to measure the amount of at least one component in a coating (4a), characterized by being arranged to measure the amount of calcium carbonate from the coating (4a) by measuring an absorption peak of calcium carbonate at a wavelength of about 3.95 micrometers.
10. A device as claimed in claim 9, characterized by being arranged to measure the amount of kaolin from the coating (4a) by measuring an absorption peak of kaolin at a wavelength of about 2.7 micrometers. 7
11. A device as claimed in claim 9 or 10, characterized by being arranged to continuously measure the amount of coating.
12. A device as claimed in any one of the claims 9-11, characterized by the moving substrate being a paper or cardboard web (4).
PCT/FI1999/000098 1998-02-12 1999-02-10 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate WO1999041590A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI980323 1998-02-12
FI980323A FI108811B (en) 1998-02-12 1998-02-12 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2320941 CA2320941A1 (en) 1998-02-12 1999-02-10 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate
EP19990902585 EP1055114A1 (en) 1998-02-12 1999-02-10 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US62211500 A-371-Of-International 2000-08-11 2000-08-11
US10282944 Continuation-In-Part US20030132387A1 (en) 1998-02-12 2002-10-29 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999041590A1 true true WO1999041590A1 (en) 1999-08-19

Family

ID=8550827

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI1999/000098 WO1999041590A1 (en) 1998-02-12 1999-02-10 Method and device for measuring the amount of coating on a moving substrate

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1055114A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2320941A1 (en)
FI (1) FI108811B (en)
WO (1) WO1999041590A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000020842A1 (en) * 1998-10-06 2000-04-13 Metso Paper Automation Oy Measuring amount of silicone coating on paper web
WO2001050112A1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2001-07-12 Eurotherm Gauging Systems, Inc. Automated on-line substrate independent calibration and measurement spectral analysis
WO2001059435A1 (en) * 2000-02-10 2001-08-16 Metso Paper Automation Oy Method and apparatus for measuring coating
EP1557659A1 (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-07-27 Voith Paper Patent GmbH Basis weight of the top sheet of a fibrous web

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2127541A (en) * 1982-09-27 1984-04-11 Imp Group Plc Monitoring sheet material
US4755501A (en) * 1984-05-18 1988-07-05 Amoco Corporation Color developing composition for carbonless paper copying system
EP0332018A2 (en) * 1988-03-10 1989-09-13 Abb Process Automation Inc. Clay sensor
US5455422A (en) * 1991-11-04 1995-10-03 Measurex Corporation Multiple coat measurement and control apparatus and method
US5795394A (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-08-18 Honeywell-Measurex Coating weight measuring and control apparatus
WO1998036264A1 (en) * 1997-02-13 1998-08-20 Valmet Automation Inc. Method for measuring the components of a coating on a moving base material

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2127541A (en) * 1982-09-27 1984-04-11 Imp Group Plc Monitoring sheet material
US4755501A (en) * 1984-05-18 1988-07-05 Amoco Corporation Color developing composition for carbonless paper copying system
EP0332018A2 (en) * 1988-03-10 1989-09-13 Abb Process Automation Inc. Clay sensor
US5455422A (en) * 1991-11-04 1995-10-03 Measurex Corporation Multiple coat measurement and control apparatus and method
WO1998036264A1 (en) * 1997-02-13 1998-08-20 Valmet Automation Inc. Method for measuring the components of a coating on a moving base material
US5795394A (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-08-18 Honeywell-Measurex Coating weight measuring and control apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000020842A1 (en) * 1998-10-06 2000-04-13 Metso Paper Automation Oy Measuring amount of silicone coating on paper web
US6627043B1 (en) 1998-10-06 2003-09-30 Metso Automation Oy Measuring amount of silicone coating on paper web
WO2001050112A1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2001-07-12 Eurotherm Gauging Systems, Inc. Automated on-line substrate independent calibration and measurement spectral analysis
US6441375B1 (en) 2000-01-06 2002-08-27 Eurotherm Gauging Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for automated on-line substrate independent calibration and measurement spectral analysis
WO2001059435A1 (en) * 2000-02-10 2001-08-16 Metso Paper Automation Oy Method and apparatus for measuring coating
US6717148B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-04-06 Metso Automation Oy Method and apparatus for measuring coating
EP1557659A1 (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-07-27 Voith Paper Patent GmbH Basis weight of the top sheet of a fibrous web

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FI980323A0 (en) 1998-02-12 application
CA2320941A1 (en) 1999-08-19 application
FI108811B1 (en) grant
EP1055114A1 (en) 2000-11-29 application
FI980323A (en) 1999-08-13 application
FI108811B (en) 2002-03-28 application
FI980323D0 (en) grant

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