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WO1999030664A1 - Support frame for supine persons - Google Patents

Support frame for supine persons

Info

Publication number
WO1999030664A1
WO1999030664A1 PCT/GB1998/003739 GB9803739W WO1999030664A1 WO 1999030664 A1 WO1999030664 A1 WO 1999030664A1 GB 9803739 W GB9803739 W GB 9803739W WO 1999030664 A1 WO1999030664 A1 WO 1999030664A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
support
frame
rods
members
mm
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1998/003739
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Bohdan Miroslaw Luklinski
Original Assignee
Luklinska, Zofia
Luklinski, Martin
Luklinska, Katrina
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C31/00Details or accessories for chairs, beds, or the like, not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. upholstery fasteners, mattress protectors, stretching devices for mattress nets
    • A47C31/12Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons
    • A47C31/123Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons for beds or mattresses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H2015/0007Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis
    • A61H2015/0014Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis cylinder-like, i.e. rollers
    • A61H2015/0021Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis cylinder-like, i.e. rollers multiple on the same axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0142Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2203/00Additional characteristics concerning the patient
    • A61H2203/04Position of the patient
    • A61H2203/0443Position of the patient substantially horizontal
    • A61H2203/0456Supine

Abstract

A frame for the support of supine persons comprises a rigid rectangular frame carrying a plurality of parallel rods attached to and crossing the space between the two longer sides of the frame. The rods form four groups located in the position of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and pelvic regions of the body. The groups of rods located in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions carry a pair of barrel shaped or spherical support members on each rod rigidly fixed to or integral with the rod and space equidistantly about the longitudinal axis of the frame and extending upwardly above the edges of the frame. The rods and support members are mounted so that the upper surfaces of the support members are raised above the sides of the frame. In one embodiment the rods carrying the support members are mounted or constructed in a manner that permits limited movement in a vertical plane. The rods, support members and frame are preferably constructed from timber such as beech. The preferred spacing between the centres of each pair of support members is 75 mm and the spacing between the two longer sides of the frame is 220 mm.

Description

SUPPORT FRAME FOR SUPINE PERSONS

This invention relates to a support frame for use by supine persons to provide substantially total relaxation for the spine.

Although a human being is bipedal and walks while in a vertical position the spine is not relaxed and strain free unless laid in a horizontal position where the forces of gravity, particularly across the vertebral links, are minimal. Supports for various sections of the spinal column, cervical, thoracic and lumbar have been proposed, particularly for seated people, but heretofore no complete support has been available for the whole spinal structure .

The present invention provides a frame on which a person may lie supine with the spinal region supported in a manner that produces minimal strain.

According to the present invention there is provided a frame for the support of supine persons comprising a rigid rectangular frame carrying a plurality of parallel rods attached to and crossing the space between the two longer sides of the frame and forming four groups located in the position of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and pelvic regions of the body, the groups of rods located in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions carry a pair of barrel shaped or spherical support members on each rod rigidly fixed to or integral with the rod and spaced equidistantly about the longitudinal axis of the frame and extending upwardly above the edges of the frame, the rods and support members being mounted so that the upper surfaces of the support members are raised above the sides of the frame. A supine person desiring minimal back strain lies on the frame with their legs flexed with an approximately ninety degree angle between the thigh and the shin portions of the leg.

The frame is preferably fabricated from timber, the sides having a thickness in the range 15 mm to 30 mm depending on the type of timber used. Preferably the timber is beech. Alternative materials include metals and synthetic resin composites such as glass and carbon fibre reinforced polymers . The sides of the frame must have sufficient height to accommodate the vertical movement of the support members so that when the frame is placed on a flat surface the support members can move freely without vertical restriction through contact with the supporting surface .

The rods may be formed of a resilient material or, if rigid, may be mounted in a manner that permits vertical movement but not rotary movement. In the preferred embodiments the rods are formed from timber however other materials, such a steel, titanium, aluminium and synthetic polymeric compositions may be used. In the case of timber rods the construction will be solid however the strength of some alternative materials may permit tubular construction.

The frame must be capable of supporting a supine human being and preferably has a length of about one metre. The support members preferably comprise pairs of barrel shaped or spherical members having an outer diameter of 60 to 140 mm, with a width of about 70 mm and a central spacing of 30 to 75 mm. The central spacing should be sufficient for the surfaces of the support members to rest against the area of the facet joints of the spinal column. The rods are spaced so that there is a gap of approximately 1 mm between the outer convex surface of each support member carried by adjacent rods. This allows the support members to move in a vertical plane without frictional contact between their outermost surfaces.

In its preferred form the rods carrying the support members are mounted in sets arranged to accommodate the various regions of the spine, cervical, thoracic and lumbar. Beyond these regions, i.e for the pelvic region, plain rods without support members are used to support the buttocks and feet of the user. The rods in the cervical and lumbar regions are located above the horizontal plane of the frame to provide a convex upward surface which substantially follows the natural curvature of the human spine in these regions. The rods in the thoracic and pelvic regions lie in a horizontal plane.

In use a person lies supine on the frame with the legs flexed at an angle of approximately ninety degrees. The support members support the back of the body each side of the spinal column along the facet joints. This enables the spine to rest in a relaxed state with no pressure on the vertebrae .

In order that the invention may be clearly understood one form thereof .will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a plan view of a frame according to the invention, and

Figure 2 is a side view of the frame shown in Figure 1.

A frame for the support of supine persons, see Figure 1, consists of a rigid rectangular frame 1 having two end sections 2 and 3 joining two long sections 4 and 5. The sections 2, 3, 4, and 5 are fabricated from timber and rigidly connected at each corner by mechanical fixings or conventional joinery techniques. A series of groups of parallel rods 7, 8, 9 and 10 are located between the sides 4 and 5. The ends of the rods are fitted into the sides in a manner that prevents rotation and can accommodate a the vertical load arising from the portion of the body lying on the frame.

Each of the rods in the groups of rods 7, 8 and 9 carry a pair of round or barrel shaped support members 12, 12', 13, 13', 14 and 14' rigidly fixed to the associated rod and located equidistantly from a central axis. Each pair is spaced so that thier upper surfaces abut the facet joints. The support members 12 to 14 and 12' to 14' extend upwardly above the edges of the frame. The rods 7 and their associated support members 12 and 12 ' are adapted to support the cervical region of the spine and mounted to form an upwardly curved contour, see Figure 2, matching that of this region of the human body in its relaxed state. The rods in the group 8 and their associated support members 13 and 13 ' lie in the same horizontal plane and support the thoracic region. The rods in the group 9 their associated support members 14 and 14' are adapted to support the lumbar region of the spine and mounted to form a convex contour. The support members 14 and 14' have a larger diameter than those used to support the cervical and thoracic regions.

The number and spacing of the rods shown in Figures 1 and 2 may be varied in accordance with the height and weight of the person who will lie on the frame. The thoracic region may have from 5 to 6 rods and the lumbar region from 4 to 8 rods. In an example the following dimensions provided an excellent support frame in which the user lay totally relaxed. Each support member is activated under gravitational forces from one or more corresponding facet joints on the spine. The support system enabled each and every spinal joint to move. As a result of a chain reaction through all the joints the passive physiological range of mobility becomes affected causing increased mobility of the complex vertebral column. The benefits of lying on a frame according to the invention include: Increased spinal mobility

A decrease in stiffness and increased soft tissue elasticity, e.g. spinal duras, ligaments and intra- abdominal pressure. A decrease in perceived pain.

A decrease in intradiscal pressure.

Hypo- tension of the central nervous system.

Hypo-tension of the vascular system.

Psychosomatic mentality effects, i.e. anti-stress relaxation.

All these effects are obtained without the administration of chemotheraputic agents.

In an example a frame was constructed having the following measurements:

The rectangular wooden . frame was constructed of timber having a thickness of 17 mm. The major sides had a length of 880 mm and the minor sides of 250 mm providing an inside width of 220mm.

The first portion, adapted to support the cervical region, had a length of 260 mm and contained five rods carrying pairs of barrel shaped support members . Each barrel had a diameter of 72 mm and a length of 140 mm. The pairs of barrels were separated by 30 mm. The rods were mounted in the frame in a manner that created a convex curve having a crest 142 mm above the plane of the frame.

The second portion, adapted to support the thoracic region, had a length of 220 mm and contained five rods carrying pairs of barrel shaped support members having the same dimensions as those used for the first portion. Unlike the first portion, the rods with their support members lay in a horizontal plane.

The third portion, adapted to support the lumbar region had a length of 180 mm and contained four rods carrying pairs of barrel shaped support members . The barrels had a larger diameter than those used in the first two portions. The rods were mounted in the frame in a manner that created a convex curve having a crest 120 mm above the plane of the frame.

The fourth portion, adapted to support the pelvic region had a length of 290 mm and contained five rods without any attached shaped support members .

In all four portions of the frame the rods had a thickness of 95 mm.

In an alternative embodiment the barrel shaped support members carried by the rods were replaced by substantially spherical support members . The spheres used in the cervical and thoracic portions had an approximate diameter of 40 mm while those for the lumbar portion had a diameter of 50 mm . The first two portions had six rods carrying spherical support members while the third portion had four rods. The rods had a diameter of about 40 mm.

Claims

1. A frame for the support of supine persons comprising a rigid rectangular frame carrying a plurality of parallel rods attached to and crossing the space between the two longer sides of the frame and forming four groups located in the position of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and pelvic regions of the body, the groups of rods located in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions carry a pair of barrel shaped or spherical support members on each rod rigidly fixed to or integral with the rod and spaced equidistantly about the longitudinal axis of the frame and extending upwardly above the edges of the frame, the rods and support members being mounted so that the upper surfaces of the support members are raised above the sides of the frame .
2. A frame as claimed in claim 1 in which the rods carrying the support members are mounted or constructed in a manner that permits limited" movement in a vertical plane.
3. A frame as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2 in which the rods, support members and frame are constructed from timber.
4. A frame as claimed in claim 3 in which the timber is beech.
5. A frame as claimed in any of the preceding claims in which the spacing between the centres of each pair of support members is 75 mm.
6. A frame as claimed in any of the preceding claims in which the spacing between the two longer sides of the frame is 220 mm. 99/30664
7. A frame for the support of supine persons as claimed in claim 1 and as herein described.
8. A frame for the support of supine persons as herein described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings .
PCT/GB1998/003739 1997-12-13 1998-12-14 Support frame for supine persons WO1999030664A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9726420A GB9726420D0 (en) 1997-12-13 1997-12-13 Support frame for supine persons
GB9726420.4 1997-12-13

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1998632476 DE69832476D1 (en) 1997-12-13 1998-12-14 Support frame for horizontal persons
EP19980959069 EP0973477B1 (en) 1997-12-13 1998-12-14 Support frame for supine persons
DE1998632476 DE69832476T9 (en) 1997-12-13 1998-12-14 Support frame for horizontal persons

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999030664A1 true true WO1999030664A1 (en) 1999-06-24

Family

ID=10823595

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1998/003739 WO1999030664A1 (en) 1997-12-13 1998-12-14 Support frame for supine persons

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0973477B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69832476D1 (en)
GB (2) GB9726420D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1999030664A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10328041B3 (en) * 2003-06-18 2005-03-03 Klingenberg, Jörg-Albert Rückenstreck- and pressure massage apparatus for the preventive and active physiotherapy
WO2007089528A2 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-09 Anne Lenaye Hudock Massage apparatus with spherical elements

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881469A (en) * 1972-04-08 1975-05-06 Seizo Kanemitsu Muscle relaxing apparatus
FR2477870A1 (en) * 1980-03-12 1981-09-18 Caillarec Pere Francois Camp-bed type back massaging device - has series of transverse padded rollers spring-mounted to frame with footrests at end of bed and handles at sides
US4458675A (en) * 1981-01-06 1984-07-10 Combi Co., Ltd. Roller type finger-pressure apparatus
US5103808A (en) * 1989-11-09 1992-04-14 Superspine, Inc. Device for manipulating the spine
US5505691A (en) * 1993-12-15 1996-04-09 Fenkell; Randall Therapeutic treatment machine
GB2295539A (en) * 1994-12-02 1996-06-05 Abf Ltd Bedstead structure

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2961716D1 (en) * 1979-08-09 1982-02-18 Valhaus Trust Reg Bed
EP0103807B1 (en) * 1982-09-06 1987-11-04 Hollmann, Ulrich Dr. med. Bed with adjustable lying surface
DE4024646C1 (en) * 1990-08-03 1992-02-27 Rolf 3320 Salzgitter De Wesemann

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881469A (en) * 1972-04-08 1975-05-06 Seizo Kanemitsu Muscle relaxing apparatus
FR2477870A1 (en) * 1980-03-12 1981-09-18 Caillarec Pere Francois Camp-bed type back massaging device - has series of transverse padded rollers spring-mounted to frame with footrests at end of bed and handles at sides
US4458675A (en) * 1981-01-06 1984-07-10 Combi Co., Ltd. Roller type finger-pressure apparatus
US5103808A (en) * 1989-11-09 1992-04-14 Superspine, Inc. Device for manipulating the spine
US5505691A (en) * 1993-12-15 1996-04-09 Fenkell; Randall Therapeutic treatment machine
GB2295539A (en) * 1994-12-02 1996-06-05 Abf Ltd Bedstead structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10328041B3 (en) * 2003-06-18 2005-03-03 Klingenberg, Jörg-Albert Rückenstreck- and pressure massage apparatus for the preventive and active physiotherapy
WO2007089528A2 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-09 Anne Lenaye Hudock Massage apparatus with spherical elements
WO2007089528A3 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-12-27 Anne Lenaye Hudock Massage apparatus with spherical elements

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0973477A1 (en) 2000-01-26 application
DE69832476T2 (en) 2006-12-14 grant
GB2333036A (en) 1999-07-14 application
DE69832476D1 (en) 2005-12-29 grant
GB2333036B (en) 2001-01-31 grant
GB9827442D0 (en) 1999-02-10 grant
DE69832476T9 (en) 2007-04-05 grant
GB9726420D0 (en) 1998-02-11 grant
EP0973477B1 (en) 2005-11-23 grant

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