WO1999029995A1 - Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings - Google Patents

Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1999029995A1
WO1999029995A1 PCT/EP1998/008135 EP9808135W WO9929995A1 WO 1999029995 A1 WO1999029995 A1 WO 1999029995A1 EP 9808135 W EP9808135 W EP 9808135W WO 9929995 A1 WO9929995 A1 WO 9929995A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
sections
metal
coupling
supporting
window
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP1998/008135
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO1999029995B1 (en
Inventor
Edoardo Zanoni
Original Assignee
Hydro Aluminium Systems S.P.A.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITMI97A002742 priority Critical
Priority to ITMI972742 priority patent/IT1296953B1/en
Application filed by Hydro Aluminium Systems S.P.A. filed Critical Hydro Aluminium Systems S.P.A.
Publication of WO1999029995A1 publication Critical patent/WO1999029995A1/en
Publication of WO1999029995B1 publication Critical patent/WO1999029995B1/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • E04B2/96Curtain walls comprising panels attached to the structure through mullions or transoms
    • E04B2/967Details of the cross-section of the mullions or transoms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/5427Fixing of glass panes or like plates the panes mounted flush with the surrounding frame or with the surrounding panes

Abstract

A set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings comprises a metal section (1; 31) forming an upright or a crosspiece; the metal section (1; 31) has a tubular body (2; 32) with substantially polygonal cross section and a front wall (3; 33) provided with a lengthwise projecting element (4; 34); and the lengthwise projecting element (4; 34) has a lengthwise groove (7) and at least one outer wall (5; 5a; 35; 35a) capable of supporting coupling elements (100; 101; 102; 103) and elements of a cell (66; 68).

Description

"Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings"

* * * * * * *

The present invention relates to a set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings.

As is known, there is a trend for the partial or total cladding of the exterior walls of buildings with continuous faces constructed using variously shaped metal sections. Each face consists of a supporting structure in which various window or door frames are mounted. The supporting structure in turn consists of uprights and crosspieces formed by metal, e.g. aluminium alloy, sections. The resulting faces are basically of three types: faces in which the uprights and crosspieces are visible, structural faces having an outer cladding of glass alone and semistructural faces having an outer cladding in which the metal sections supporting the glazing remain visible. The supporting frames of the three types of face are used in different ways, especially those of the first type of face when compared to those of the second and third types. Their uprights therefore consist of metal sections having a differentiated shape. The differentiation of the metal sections of the uprights significantly increases the costs of production and erection of the faces.

In an aspect, the present invention aims to overcoming these disadvantages by means of metal sections that can be used as uprights of supporting structures equally of cells satisfactorily for different types of faces.

In the present description and in the appended claims the term "eel!" means a structure generally having rectangular or square shape which fits a mesh of the net formed by the uprights and crosspieces. The "cell" may be fixed or openable and comprises a frame and a panel. In turn, the panel is of glass or any other suitable material. In accordance with the invention this object is achieved with a set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings having a supporting structure of uprights and crosspieces for cells, the said set comprising a metal section forming at least one of the said uprights and crosspieces, the said metal section having a tubular body with a front wall provided with a lengthwise projecting element, the set being characterized in that the said lengthwise projecting element has a lengthwise groove and at least one outer wall capable of supporting coupling elements and elements of a cell. in this way a set of sections is constructed in which the metal section that forms an upright or a crosspiece has the advantage of being interchangeable and can thus be used equally satisfactorily for any type of face. This is by virtue of the fact that the section of the upright or crosspiece is provided with a multipurpose projecting element capable of being connected both to components of the supporting structure and to elements of cells, depending on the needs of the situation. For example, in a face having visible uprights and crosspieces, an outer covering cap can be fastened to the metal section of the upright or crosspiece with a bolt screwed into the groove of the projecting element. Similarly, in a structural or semistructural face, a cell can be connected to the metal section of the uprights and crosspieces with a connection element which in turn is fastened to the outer wall of the projecting element.

Features and advantages of the invention will now be described with reference to an embodiment illustrated by way of non-restrictive example in the accompanying drawings, in which

Fig. 1 is a partial view in horizontal cross-section of a continuous face of a building, of the type employing uprights and crosspieces, embodied by means of a set of sections according to the invention; this horizontal cross-section is taken between two vertically aligned nodes, "node" meaning the point of intersection between uprights and crosspieces;

Fig. 2 is a partial view in vertical cross-section of the face seen in Fig. 1 ; this vertical cross-section is taken between two horizontally aligned nodes;

Fig. 3 shows a variant of the face seen in Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 4 is a partial view in horizontal cross-section of a continuous structural face embodied by means of a set of sections according to the invention; Figs. 5 and 6 are partial views in vertical cross-section of the face seen in Fig. 4;

Figs. 7-10 show variants of the face seen in Fig. 4;

Fig. 11 is a partial view in horizontal cross-section of a continuous semistructural face embodied by means of a set of sections according to the invention;

Figs. 12 and 13 are partial views in vertical cross-section of the face seen in Fig. 11 ;

Figs. 14-16 show variants of the face seen in Fig. 11 ;

Fig. 17 shows a first coupling element for making easier the assembling of a cell in mesh;

Fig. 18 shows a second coupling element for connecting a cell to uprights; and

Figs. 19-21 show details of assembling steps of the set sections of this invention. Shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is part of a continuous face of a building having a supporting structure of the type employing visible uprights and crosspieces. The uprights and crosspieces are made from metal sections, 1 and 31 respectively, of e.g. aluminium alloy.

The metal section 1 (Fig. 1 ), which forms an upright of the supporting structure of the face, is formed by a tubular body 2 of rectangular (or polygonal) cross-section and of predetermined dimensions. The tubular body 2 has a front wall 3 provided with a central lengthwise rib 4 projecting from the wall 3 and perpendicular to it. The rib 4 is formed by a hollow inner portion 4a and has two shaped outer walls 5 and 5a. The walls 5 and 5a have a stepped profile that forms retaining recesses 6 and 6a and supporting faces 10 and 10a, the function of which will be explained later. The rib 4 is also provided with a lengthwise groove 7 having knurled lateral walls 8 in which bolts, such as that shown at 9, are engaged for purposes that will be explained later. The wall 3 of the tubular body 2 also has fins 11 that project forwards. The fins 11 in turn are provided with C-shaped seats 25 capable of housing sealing gaskets (not shown). The rib 4, the wall 3 and a fin 11 form a chamber 29 for collecting water resulting from condensation and infiltration to be drained to the exterior through weep holes (not shown). Fastened to the section 1 of the upright are fixed glazing cells formed from thermally insulating glass 12 (double glazed). The fixed glazing units may be formed from insulating glass or from panelled glass (glass backed by blind panels). Each insulating glass sheet 12 rests on the crosspiece 31 via a supporting element 14 (Fig. 2). The section 1 of the upright is fastened to the section 31 of the crosspiece by bolts 15 shown in broken lines. A pressure element 18 is fastened by the bolts 9 to the section 1 of the upright, thus fastening the glass sheets 12 to the upright (fixed glazing) via sealing gaskets (not shown). A cover 13 is snapped onto the pressure element 18 for the aesthetic purpose of covering the bolts 9. The pressure element 18 is provided with holes 19 through which the bolts 9 are passed and screwed into the knurled walls 8 of the lengthwise groove 7 of the rib 4. A bar 20 made of a plastics material, such as polyamide, is installed on the bolts 9 and is fastened to the rib 4 and pressure element 18. The bar 20 acts as thermal insulation and also as a spacer to ensure correct positioning of the bolts 9. In this way the pressure element 18 is centered relative to the upright 1.

The metal section 31 (Fig. 2), which forms a crosspiece of the supporting structure of the face, is similar in form to the section 1 but has different dimensions. The section 31 is formed by a tubular body 32 having a rectangular (or polygonal) cross-section of predetermined dimensions. The tubular body 32 has a front wall 33 with a lengthwise central rib 34 projecting from the wall 33 and perpendicular to this. The rib 34 has two side walls 35 and 35a that form supporting faces whose function will be explained later. The rib 34 also has a lengthwise groove

7 with knurled side walls 8, in which bolts 9 engage.

The wall 33 also has C-shaped seats 21 capable of housing sealing gaskets (not shown).

Attached to the section 31 of the crosspiece is the element 14 supporting the fixed glass 12 and a fixed frame 40 for a projected window. The fixed frame 40 is fitted between two adjacent uprights 1 and to two vertically adjacent crosspieces 31 and is clamped by the pressure element 18. The frame 40 is formed by a metal section 41 comprising two offset tubular casings 42 and 43 connected by a plate 44. A moveable frame 45 is hinged to the fixed frame 40 by hinges (not shown). The moveable frame 45 consists of a metal section 46 comprising two offset tubular casings 47 and 48 that carries thermally insulating glass 112. The glass 112 is bonded to the section 46 by a treated aluminium plate 77 and a layer of structural silicone 70. Sealing gaskets 49, 50 and 51 are interposed between the fixed frame 40 and the moveable frame 45.

Also fastened to the section 31 , by means of the bolts 9, is the pressure element 18 on which the covering cap 13 is engaged by a snap action. Fig. 3 shows a variant of the face seen in Fig. 1 fitted with an openable cell, i.e. a casement window. The window has a fixed frame 55 fastened to two adjacent uprights 1 and two vertically adjacent crosspieces 31 by means of bolts, not shown. The frame 55 is formed by a thermally insulating section 56 (comprising a thermal break) in which two metal tubular casings 57 and 58 are aligned and connected by insulating bars 59, in e.g. polyamide optionally reinforced with glass fibre. A moveable frame 60 is hinged to the fixed frame 55 by hinges (not shown). The moveable frame 60 consists of a metal section 61 comprising two aligned tubular casings 62 and 63 and carrying an insulating glazing unit 212. A sealing gasket 64 is interposed between the fixed frame 55 and the moveable frame 60.

In order to fit a cell in the opening (mesh) of the net formed by the uprights 1 and crosspieces 31 , coupling elements 100, 101 , 102 and 103 are used (Figs. 17-18). Element 100 is a plate with holes 104 and a projection 105, and element 101 is a plate with holes 106 and a guide slot 107. Two or more elements 100 and 101 are used to connect the frame to a lower crosspiece 31 and make easier the assembling thereof. Element 100 is fastened to the frame and element 101 to the crosspiece. Element 102 is a plate with supporting feet 108, a projection 109 and a dowel 110. Element 103 is an L-shaped plate, provided with a guide slot 111 and holes 112. Two or more elements

102 and 103 are placed on both sides of an opening, fastening element

103 to the upright 1 and element 102 to the frame 45, as shown, for example, in Figs. 4 and 5.

More particularly, the elements 101 are fastened to the lower crosspiece 31 (Fig. 20), the elements 100 are fastened to the lower external side of the frame 45 (Fig. 21 ), and the elements 103 are fastened to the uprights 1. In turn, the elements 102 are associated with the frame 45 by slidably inserting the supporting feet 108 in a C- shaped longitudinal seat 201 and the dowel 110 in a longitudinal slot 202 of said frame 45 (Fig. 21 ). More specifically, the element 102 is slidably movable from an upper position where it is disengaged from the element 103 to a lower position where the projection 109 engages the guide slot 111 of the element 103.

When assembling said frame 45 to said crosspiece 31 , the projection 105 is placed in the guide slot 107 while the frame is in an oblique position, the frame is then centered with respect to the opening and finally is pushed to fit into said opening and the elements 102 are lowered to engage the slots 111 of the elements 103.

Figs. 4 and 5 show a continuous face of structural type comprising a supporting structure built up from uprights 1 and crosspieces 31. In this case element 103 and a connecting element 66 for a section 46 for a window frame 45 are fastened to the rib 4 of the upright 1 , while element 102 is fastened to the window frame 45. The connecting element 66, which is C-shaped, is mounted on the supporting face 10a of the rib 4 and screwed to this. Hinged to the connecting element 66 is the frame 45 that carries the insulating glass 112 of a window, bonded by the plate 77 and structural silicone 70. A sealing gasket 49 inserted into the groove 7 is placed between the rib 4 and the two sections 46. Sealing gaskets 50, mounted in the sections 46, close off a gap 69 between the glass sheets 112.

Fastened to the rib 34 of the crosspiece 31 (Fig. 5) is element 101 , while element 100 is fastened to the window frame 45. Fig. 6 shows a projected window. In this case an abutting edge 68 of the window is fastened to the rib 34 of the crosspiece 31.

Figs. 7 and 8 show a variant of the face seen in Figs. 4 and 5 in which window frames 71 are formed by thermally insulating sections 72. The section 72 is formed by an inner metal tubular casing 73 and of an outer metal strip 74, these being connected by insulating plastics bars 75. The tubular casing 73 and the strip 74 are offset and the strip 74 is provided with a seat 76 for the plate 77 to which the insulating glass sheets 112 are fastened.

Fig. 9 shows a projected window. In this case the abutting edge 68 of the window is fastened to the rib 34 of the crosspiece 31.

Fig. 10 shows a variant of the face seen in Figs. 7 and 8 in which window frames 80 are formed by thermally insulating sections 81. Each section 81 is formed by two tubular casings, an inner 82 and an outer

83 connected with insulating bars 75. The tubular casings 82 and 83 are offset and the outer tubular casing 83 is provided a supporting wall

84 for the structural bonding means 70 for the insulating glass 112. Figs. 11 and 12 show a continuous face of semi-structural type comprising a supporting structure formed by uprights 1 and crosspiece 31. In this case element 103 and the connecting element 66 for a window frame 85 are fastened to the rib 4 of the upright 1. The fastening of element 103 and of element 66 is identical to that described earlier in respect of the face shown in Fig. 4. In this case the frame 85 is formed by sections 86 with thermal insulation. The section 86 is in turn formed by two offset metal tubular casings, an inner 87 and an outer 88. The outer tubular casing 88 is provided with a bent end fin

89 which covers one edge of the insulating glass 112. The outer tubular casing 88 and the bent fin 89 are bonded to the insulating glass 112.

Fig. 13 shows a projected window. In this case the abutting edge 68 of the window is fixed to the rib 34 of the crosspiece 31. Figs. 14-16 show other variants of the face seen in Figs. 11-13 in which the insulating glass sheets 112 are supported by frames 90 formed by thermally insulating sections 91. Sections 91 are formed by two tubular casings, an inner 92 and an outer 93, that are offset and connected by insulating bars 75. The tubular casing 93 is provided with a bent fin 94.

Claims

1. Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings having a supporting structure of uprights and crosspieces for ceils, the said set comprising a metal section (1 ; 31 ) forming at least one of the said uprights and crosspieces, the said metal section (1 ; 31 ) having a tubular body (2; 32) with a front wall (3; 33) provided with a lengthwise projecting element (4; 34), the set being characterized in that the said lengthwise projecting element (4; 34) has a lengthwise groove (7) and at least one outer wall (5; 5a; 35; 35a) capable of supporting coupling elements (100; 101 ; 102; 103) and elements of a cell (66; 68).
2. Set of sections according to claim 1 , characterized in that the said outer wall (5; 5a) is shaped and has a stepped profile that forms a retaining recess (6; 6a) and a supporting face (10; 10a) for the said coupling elements (100; 101 ; 102; 103) and elements of a cell (66;
68).
3. Set of sections according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the said projecting element (4) is formed by a lengthwise rib having a hollow inner portion.
4. Set of sections according to claim 1 , characterized in that the said lengthwise groove (7) has knurled walls (8) in which threaded connection means (9) and sealing gaskets (49) are firmly engaged.
5. Set of sections according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the said tubular body (2) has a polygonal cross-section with a front wall (3) provided with fins (11 ) that project forwards and, in turn, are provided with C-shaped seats (25) for housing sealing gaskets.
6. Set of sections according to claim 5, characterized in that between the said front wall (3), the said rib (4) and a fin (11 ) there is comprised a chamber (29) for collecting water resulting from condensation and infiltration to be drained to the exterior through weep holes.
7. Set of sections according to claim 1 , characterized in that the said tubular body (32) has a polygonal cross-section with a front wall (33) provided with C-shaped seats (21 ) capable of housing sealing gaskets.
8. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the said metal section (1 ) is an upright.
9. Set of sections according to claims 1-4 and 7, characterized in that the said metal section (31 ) is a crosspiece.
10. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 9, characterized in that a pressure element (18) is fastened to the said section (1 ; 31 ) by means of at least one bolt (9) which screws into the said knurled walls (8) of the said lengthwise groove (7) of the said rib (4; 34) and a cover (13) snaps onto the said pressure element (18).
11. Set of sections according to claim 10, characterized in that a plastics spacer (20) is mounted on the said bolts (9) and is interposed between the said rib (4; 34) and the said pressure element (18).
12. Set of sections according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the said retaining recess (6; 6a) and the said supporting face (10; 10a) of the said rib (4) are capable of supporting a first coupling element (103) of a window frame provided with an L-shaped plate.
13. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the said supporting face (10a) of the said rib (4) is capable of supporting a substantially C-shaped metal connecting section (66).
14. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the said outer wall (35a) of the said rib (34) is capable of supporting a second coupling element (101 ) of a window frame.
15. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the said outer wall (35a) of the said rib (34) is capable of supporting an abutting edge (68) of a window.
16. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises a third section (41 ) capable of forming a frame (40) for a window of the said face, the said third section (41) being formed by two offset metal tubular casings, an inner (42) and an outer (43), connected by a metal plate (44).
17. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises a fourth section (46) for forming a frame (45) for a window of the said face, the said fourth section (46) being formed by two offset metal tubular casings, and inner (47) and an outer (48).
18. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises a thermally insulating fifth section (72) for forming a frame (71 ) for a window of the said face, the said fifth section (72) being formed by an inner metal tubular casing (73) and of an outer metal strip (74), these being offset and joined by insulating bars (75).
19. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises a thermally insulating sixth section (81 ) for forming a frame (80) for a window of the said face, the said sixth section (81 ) being formed by two metal tubular casings, an inner (82) and an outer (83), these being offset and joined by insulating bars (75).
20. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises a seventh section (86) for forming a frame (85) for a window of the said face, the said seventh section (86) being formed by two metal tubular casings, an inner (87) and an outer (88), these being offset, the said outer tubular casing (88) being provided with a bent fin (89).
21. Set of sections according to claims 1 to 15, characterized in that it comprises an eighth section (91 ) for forming a frame (90) for a window of the said face, the said eighth section (91 ) being formed by two metal tubular casings, an inner (92) and an outer (93), these being offset and joined by insulating bars (75), the said outer tubular casing (93) being provided with a bent fin (94).
22. Set of sections according to claims 1 , 4 and 17-21 , characterized in that the said sealing gasket (49) is inserted into the said groove (7) so as to come between the said rib (4; 34) and pairs of the said fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth sections (46, 72, 81 , 86, 91 ).
23. Set of sections according to claim 12, characterized in that the said first coupling element (103) is provided with a guide slot (111 ) designed to engage with a projection (109) on a third coupling element (102) fastened to a window frame.
24. Set of sections according to claim 14, characterized in that the said second coupling element (101 ) is provided with a guide slot (107) designed to engage with a projection (105) on a fourth coupling element (100) fastened to a window frame.
25. Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings having a supporting structure of uprights and crosspieces for cells, the said set comprising a metal section (1 ; 31 ) forming at least one of the said uprights and crosspieces, the said metal section (1 ; 31) having a tubular body (2; 32) with a front wall (3; 33) provided with a lengthwise projecting element (4; 34) having a lengthwise groove (7) and at least one outer wall (5; 5a; 35; 35a) capable of supporting coupling elements and elements of a cell (66; 68), characterized in that first coupling elements (103) are fastened to uprights (1 ), second coupling elements (101 ) are fastened to a lower crosspiece (31 ), fourth coupling elements (100) are fastened to a lower external side of a cell, and third coupling elements (102) are slidably associated with said cell for being slidably movable from a first position where said third coupling elements (102) are disengaged from said first coupling elements (103) to a second position where projections (109) of said third coupling elements (102) engage guide slots (111 ) of said first coupling elements (103).
PCT/EP1998/008135 1997-12-11 1998-12-09 Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings WO1999029995A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITMI97A002742 1997-12-11
ITMI972742 IT1296953B1 (en) 1997-12-11 1997-12-11 Complex of metal profiles for the manufacture of curtain walls of buildings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU20531/99A AU2053199A (en) 1997-12-11 1998-12-09 Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999029995A1 true WO1999029995A1 (en) 1999-06-17
WO1999029995B1 WO1999029995B1 (en) 1999-07-29

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ID=11378350

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP1998/008135 WO1999029995A1 (en) 1997-12-11 1998-12-09 Set of metal sections for the construction of continuous faces for buildings

Country Status (4)

Country Link
AU (1) AU2053199A (en)
IT (1) IT1296953B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999029995A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA9811402B (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1188873A1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-20 Don Reynolds Limited Curtain walling
GR1003933B (en) * 2001-07-16 2002-07-05 Europa-Profil Αλουμινιο Α.Β.Ε. Aluminum system for glass curtains with frames
FR2820158A1 (en) * 2001-01-31 2002-08-02 Technal Thermal bridge breaker esp for metal frame of glazed curtain walling has structural member of insulating material incorporated in frame
ES2257135A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2006-07-16 Industrias Gonzalez, S.L. Constructive system for wall curtain, has crosspieces fixed to vertical posts, where vertical posts and crosspieces are built using outer rubber, and wedge for compressing glass or panel against outer rubber
EP2003279A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-17 Norsk Hydro ASA Opening with Italian-style frame or similar, with hidden leaf
US7676999B2 (en) 2005-03-15 2010-03-16 Muridal Inc. Curtain wall system and method
GR1007294B (en) * 2010-03-08 2011-06-02 Στεφανος Γεωργιου Ταμπακακης Standardised system for the multi-form covering of the facade of buildings

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EP0432105A1 (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-06-12 METRA METALLURGICA TRAFILATI ALLUMINIO S.p.A. Aluminium section member building continuous front
GB2239466A (en) * 1989-12-21 1991-07-03 Hueck Fa E Curtain wall
EP0443190A1 (en) * 1990-02-17 1991-08-28 WICONA BAUSYSTEME GMBH & CO. KG Fixing of frames, panels, glazing or the like on a supporting structure
WO1992001136A1 (en) * 1990-07-03 1992-01-23 Bogaert Eugene Albert Jean Luc Structural double glazing with mechanical fixing and thermal break
EP0506622A1 (en) * 1991-03-13 1992-09-30 METRA METALLURGICA TRAFILATI ALLUMINIO S.p.A. Section member and fixture assembly for making continuous building faces
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EP0432105A1 (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-06-12 METRA METALLURGICA TRAFILATI ALLUMINIO S.p.A. Aluminium section member building continuous front
GB2239466A (en) * 1989-12-21 1991-07-03 Hueck Fa E Curtain wall
EP0443190A1 (en) * 1990-02-17 1991-08-28 WICONA BAUSYSTEME GMBH & CO. KG Fixing of frames, panels, glazing or the like on a supporting structure
WO1992001136A1 (en) * 1990-07-03 1992-01-23 Bogaert Eugene Albert Jean Luc Structural double glazing with mechanical fixing and thermal break
EP0506622A1 (en) * 1991-03-13 1992-09-30 METRA METALLURGICA TRAFILATI ALLUMINIO S.p.A. Section member and fixture assembly for making continuous building faces
DE9406609U1 (en) * 1993-05-07 1994-06-23 Rinaldi Structal Sa Sealing device

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1188873A1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-20 Don Reynolds Limited Curtain walling
FR2820158A1 (en) * 2001-01-31 2002-08-02 Technal Thermal bridge breaker esp for metal frame of glazed curtain walling has structural member of insulating material incorporated in frame
EP1229179A1 (en) * 2001-01-31 2002-08-07 Technal Ruptured thermal bridge for metal sections
GR1003933B (en) * 2001-07-16 2002-07-05 Europa-Profil Αλουμινιο Α.Β.Ε. Aluminum system for glass curtains with frames
ES2257135A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2006-07-16 Industrias Gonzalez, S.L. Constructive system for wall curtain, has crosspieces fixed to vertical posts, where vertical posts and crosspieces are built using outer rubber, and wedge for compressing glass or panel against outer rubber
US7676999B2 (en) 2005-03-15 2010-03-16 Muridal Inc. Curtain wall system and method
US7922224B2 (en) 2005-03-15 2011-04-12 Muridal Inc. Curtain wall system and method
EP2003279A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-17 Norsk Hydro ASA Opening with Italian-style frame or similar, with hidden leaf
FR2917446A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-19 Norsk Hydro As Italian typical or similar chassis opening, opening cache
GR1007294B (en) * 2010-03-08 2011-06-02 Στεφανος Γεωργιου Ταμπακακης Standardised system for the multi-form covering of the facade of buildings

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU2053199A (en) 1999-06-28
WO1999029995B1 (en) 1999-07-29
IT1296953B1 (en) 1999-08-03
ZA9811402B (en) 1999-06-11
ITMI972742A1 (en) 1999-06-11

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