WO1999022661A1 - External fixator for distal radius fractures - Google Patents

External fixator for distal radius fractures Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1999022661A1
WO1999022661A1 PCT/US1997/020258 US9720258W WO9922661A1 WO 1999022661 A1 WO1999022661 A1 WO 1999022661A1 US 9720258 W US9720258 W US 9720258W WO 9922661 A1 WO9922661 A1 WO 9922661A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
rod
clamp
clamps
pins
bone
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1997/020258
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
James E. Orsak
Original Assignee
Smith & Nephew, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/60Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like for external osteosynthesis, e.g. distractors, contractors
    • A61B17/66Alignment, compression or distraction mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/60Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like for external osteosynthesis, e.g. distractors, contractors
    • A61B17/64Devices extending alongside the bones to be positioned
    • A61B17/6425Devices extending alongside the bones to be positioned specially adapted to be fitted across a bone joint

Abstract

An external fixator for fixating fractures provides an elongated support rod that includes proximal and distal rod sections. Fixation pins are provided for engaging the patient's bone tissue on opposite sides of a fracture. Clamps are rotatably supported upon the proximal rod section and distal rod section, each of the clamps being movable in rotational fashion both with respect to the rod and with respect to the pins. At least one of the clamps has articulating portions that rotate and angulate relative to one another so that total adjustment is provided between the rod and the pins. The articulating portion can be rigidified using one set fitting or set screw.

Description

EXTERNAL FIXATOR FOR DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES

The present invention relates to orthopedic surgical instrumentation, and more particularly relates to an improved fixator for use in the treatment of bone fractures such as distal radius fractures Even more particularly, the present invention relates to an improved external fixator for the treatment of distal radius and other like bone fractures that will assist the surgeon in restoring anatomy of a fracture following an injury by allowing the surgeon to quickly manipulate the fixator to apply force to the ligaments in several directions so that the ligaments will reposition the bone fragments in their correct anatomical position and wherein the fixator includes a unique clamp arrangement that fully articulates, yet can be rigidly affixed in a selected configuration by tightening a single connector

One of the most common fractures that is treated in emergency rooms is a distal radius fracture sometimes classified as a Colles fracture One of the popular methods of treating distal radius fractures is to apply an external fixator for the purpose of reducing the fracture by ligamentotaxis, which is a method of distracting the wrist to allow the ligaments to push the bone fragments back in place

Simple distraction of the wrist is sufficient to restore the original length of the radius, but may not adequately restore other anatomical features such as the tilt angle of the radial head commonly referred to as the radial tilt and the volar tilt

An example of a technique of multiplanar ligamentotaxis is described by Dr John Agee in an article published in Orthopedic Clinics of North America. Volume 24, No 2, April 1993 and entitled "External Fixation Technical Advances Based Upon Multiplanar Ligamentotaxis" John Agee is the named patentee of three (3) United States Patents, namely, U S 4,548,199, 4,611,586, and 4,922,856 The fixator developed by Dr Agee provides a method of achieving multiplanar ligamentotaxis through gradual turning of worm screws

Several fixation systems have been patented that relate to the holding of bone segments An example is U S Patent No 4,483,334, issued to William Murray and entitled "External Fixation Device" The '334 patent discloses a device for holding bone segments in known relation to each other The apparatus includes a pair of bone clamp assemblies each secured to bone pins extending from the bone segments A bridge extends between the pin clamp assemblies and a specialized high friction universal assembly connects the bridge to each of the pin clamp assemblies

U S Patent No 5,207,676, issued to Jose Canadell et al , relates to an external fixator with controllable damping This external fixator disclosed in the '676 patent is for the correction and reduction of bone fragments The apparatus comprises a bar fastened to a biocompression system on which the bar and system are disposed upon supports for fastening pins inserted into bones

A spinal fixator reduction frame is the subject of U S Patent 5,219,349 A reduction frame disclosed in the '349 patent is secured to shaft handles extending from the pedicle screws of a Vermont Spinal Fixator type implant Shaft clamps secure two T-handles of the reduction frame to the shaft handles A lower-rod assembly joins the two opposite T-frames by means of lower-rod clamps The shaft clamps are provided with four degrees of freedom The joint between the lower- rod assembly and T-handle is provided with five degrees of freedom The lower-rod assembly and the T-handle are provided with power screw threads to allow for precise translational control The shaft clamps and lower-rod clamps are provided with taper fit joints to allow for infinite rotational adjustment and fixture An upper-rod assembly is also provided on the T-handles to produce rotation of the T-handles by providing means for changing the distance between the upper ends of the T-handles Finger grips are provided on the upper-rod assembly to allow the surgeon to easily use one hand to either apply or monitor the force acting along the upper-rod

The Hardy Patent 5,429,637, discloses an external modular fixator for immobilization of a fracture The apparatus includes elements functioning as clamps and receiving anchor pins to be fixed in a predetermined angular position on either side of a fracture A mobilization relay body is configured to be attached to the fracture The mobilization body has a device for locking which is used to lock the clamps A fixator and the mobilization relay bodies are lockable in various chosen arrangements The device is shown affixed to a patient's lower arm and wrist area

The Pennig Patent 5,443,465 refers to an osteosynthesis aid which is used in particular for the fixation of a pelvis and includes a central body which is formed of at least two arm or link members, each of which has an elongated slot through which a lock bolt is passed to provide a releasable clamped joint and each of which also has releasably secured ball-joint connection to an end-connecting clamp for bone-pin or bone-screw anchorage to an afflicted bone

A Russian Patent SU 1491-492-A1 discloses a femur neck fracture osteosynthesis device that has a support in the form of plates with inclined slots for pins The plates have apertures for pin locks The pin locks are designed in the form of threaded rods with nuts and washers The plates are in parallel plane with an offset greater than the sum of the thickness of the plates and the pin diameter The plates are interconnected by connecting pieces Pins are passed after passing through the aiming pin and are locked by the pin locks This device has an advantage of simplifying the design by allowing crossing-over angle in the planes parallel with the femur axis

A patent that relates generally to orienting and securing a rod in a spatially adjusted position is the subject of the Jaquet Patent No 3,961,854, entitled "Apparatus For Orienting And Maintaining A Rod In Any Direction" The Jaquet patent discusses maintaining an object which one desires to place in diverse orientations as for example, a table lamp, a reflector, and also to employ the same in surgical uses

The present invention provides an improved bone fixator that enables the orthopedic surgeon to restore the patient's anatomy at a fracture following an injury The present invention enables a surgeon to quickly manipulate the fixator and an articulating clamp (or clamps) to apply force to the ligaments in several directions so that the ligaments will reposition the bone fragments in their correct anatomical position and wherein a single fastener is tightened to rigidity the clamp and bone parts connected thereto

Multiple pin clamps are placed along a rod to secure the rod to the bone The pin clamps allow rotation around the bar as well as rotation around the clamp to allow the pins to be placed at a wide variety of angles and in multiple planes A double pin clamp can be used to secure pins into selected bone parts such as the metacarpals of the hand The multiple pin clamp also allows rotation about two axes It can be rigidified in a selected position with a single fastener

In the preferred embodiment, the pins are secured to the clamp by set screws However, other clamping methods may be used (for example, clam shell clamps) The restoration of anatomical length is achieved by sliding the pin clamps along the rod to distract the ligaments

For a wrist fracture, restoration of the volar tilt is achieved by loosening the set screws on the metacarpal pin clamp and rotating the rod to allow a vertical translation of the metacarpal pin clamp Radial tilt can be restored by translating the metacarpal pins through the clamp to shift the wrist sideways In extreme cases, the rotation can be adjusted by tightening the metacarpal pin clamp to the rod and rotating the rod

The present invention provides an improved fixator apparatus for distal radius fractures that includes an elongated support rod having proximal and distal rod sections joined by a transverse rod section that offsets the proximal and distal rod sections A pair of bends integrally joins the proximal and distal rod sections to the transverse rod section Radius fixation pins are provided for engaging a patient's radius bone tissue

Radius support clamps are rotatably supported upon the proximal rod section for externally supporting the patient's distal radius, the support clamps including openings that support the radius fixation pins The support clamps allow rotation relative to the rod and relative to the radius fixation pins Metacarpal fixation pins are provided for engaging the patient's metacarpal bone tissue

Hand support clamps are rotatably supported upon the distal rod section for externally supporting the patient's hand The hand support clamps include openings for holding the metacarpal fixation pins, the hand support clamps allowing rotation relative to the rod and relative to the metacarpal fixation pins. The proximal and distal rod sections are preferably generally parallel.

The proximal rod section has a central longitudinal axis and the radius support clamp and rod are so configured that the distal rod section is rotatable during use about the central longitudinal axis of the proximal rod section

The metacarpal support clamp is slidable along the distal rod section during use for distracting the ligaments of the patient's wrist

The rod and support clamps are so configured that volar tilt is achieved by rotating the distal rod section relative to the proximal rod section when the support clamps are rotated with respect to the rod

For a further understanding of the nature, objects, and advantages of the present invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description, read in conjunction with the following drawings, wherein like reference numerals denote like elements and wherein

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 2 is a partial sectional view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 3 is a partial perspective exploded view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 4 is a partial perspective view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 5 is a partial side view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 6 is a partial end view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 7 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention affixed to a patient's wrist area,

Figure 8 is a partial perspective exploded view of a clamp that can be used with the first and second embodiments of the apparatus of the present invention,

Figure 9 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention shown attached to a patient's leg bone,

Figure 10 is a partial perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention; and Figure 11 is a partial exploded perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention

Figures 1-4 show generally the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention designated generally by the numeral 10 in Figure 1 Fixator 10A is shown in Figure 1 can be attached to a patient's fractured bone such as the distal radius 11, wrist 12 and hand 13 at metacarpals 14

An elongated rod 15 includes a proximal rod section 16 and a distal rod section 17 Rod sections 16 and 17 are preferably joined by a transverse rod section 18 and a pair of bends 19, 20 The rod 15 is preferably integrally formed as shown, including proximal and distal rod sections 16, 17, transverse rod section 18, and bends 19, 20 The rod ends 21, 22 can be provided with protective plastic end caps (not shown) to contain the pin clamps on the rod when the clamps are loosened

One or more clamps 25 can be attached to proximal rod section 16 In Figure 1, a single radius pin clamp 25 is shown in the illustration Each of the radius pin clamps 25 affixes to the radius bone pins 26, 27 as shown The construction of pin clamps 25 is shown more particular in the parent patent application U S Serial No 08/349,323, filed December 5, 1994, now U S Patent 5,683,389 which is incorporated herein by reference Each radius pin 26, 27 is surgically connected to the fractured radius 11 as shown

Fixator 10A also provides a distraction mechanism that can be used in combination with an improved, easily adjustable articulating clamp 23 as shown at the distal rod section 17 in Figure 1 Distraction clamp mechanism 24 clamps to proximal rod section 17 nearer to transverse rod section 18 Articulating clamp 23 is positioned in between distraction clamp 24 and rod end 22 In Figures 1 and 3-6, distraction clamp 24 includes a pair of clamp members 28, 29 that are hingedly connected together at hinge 30 A cylindrically shaped recess 31 is defined upon a closure of distraction clamp 24 as shown in Figure 3 Each clamp member 28, 29 provides a respective half cylinder shaped slot 32, 33 that together define the cylindrical recess 34 upon closure

Hinge 30 includes aligned openings in each clamp member 28, 29 that align and mount to bushing 34 Each of the clamp members 28, 29 has an opening 35, 36 respectively that fits over bushing 34 Each clamp member 28, 29 opening 35, 36 is cylindrically shaped and sized to closely fit the external surface and diameter of bushing 34 Pin 37 fits through opening 38 in bushing 34 and then through bolt 40 at opening 39 Countersunk distraction clamp bolt 40 extends through bushing 34 and engages articulating clamp 23 at internally threaded cylindrical opening 41 Clamp 23 includes a pair of spaced apart flanges 42, 43 Each flange 42, 43 provides an opening 44, 45, respectively for accommodating bolt 46 The clamp 23 includes a generally cylindrically shaped slot 47 that is generally parallel to threaded opening 41 and bolt 40 as shown in Figure 3 Slot 47 engages distal section 17 of rod 15 during use

Pin block 48 attaches to clamp 23 at hemispherical recess 49 Pin block 48 provides a correspondingly shaped hemispherical projection 50 that engages recess 49 as shown in Figure 3 A cylindrically shaped opening 51 receives pin 52 Pin 52 has internally threaded opening 53 for receiving the threaded shaft 54 of machine screw 46

Hemispherical projection 50 has an arcuate slot 55 that allows threaded shaft 54 of screw 46 to pass therethrough This allows the projection 50 to articulate with respect to recess 49 and clamp flanges 42, 43 Pin block 48 includes a plurality of openings 56-58 that accommodate a plurality of bone pins such as the pins 59-61 Pins 59-61 are surgically affixed to the patient's bone tissue as seen in Figure 1 Set screws 62-64 are used to affix each pin 59-61 to pin block 48 Each set screw 62-64 travels in a threaded opening 65-67 respectively of pin block 48

In order to articulate pin block 48 relative to flanges 42, 43 the user simply loosens machine screw 46 This allows articulation of block 48 in multiple directions and into multiple angular positions with reference to flanges 42, 43 and distal rod 17 Pin block 48 is free to rotate and pivot with reference to rod 17 when machine screw 46 is loosened Clamp 23 can be attached to rod 17 as shown in Figure 1 Clamp 23 can also travel longitudinally along rod or rotate about rod section 17 for adjustment

Distraction can be achieved by fixedly clamping distraction clamp 28 to rod section 17 by tightening set screw 68 A loosening of screw 68 allows clamp 28 to be adjusted into desired positions on rod distal end section 17 Once set screw 68 is tightened, the user can then move clamp 23, the attached pins 59-61 and the surgically pinned metacarpals 14 relative to clamp 24 by rotating screw 40 thereby accomplishing the desired distraction

Figures 7-12 show a second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, designated generally by the numeral 10B in Figure 7 Fixator apparatus 10B utilizes rod 70 having proximal 71 and distal 72 end portions and a generally straight, linear central longitudinal axis The embodiment of Figure 7 can use multiple clamps such as the clamp 23 of Figures 1-3 and 8 or the clamp assemblies 73-74 of Figures 9-12 In Figure 7, the fixator apparatus is shown with two articulating clamp assemblies 73 (see also Figure 10), 74 (see also Figure 1 1) on a patient's distal radius 1 1 and wrist 12

In Figure 8, the clamp 23 A shown is similar to the clamp 23 of Figure 3, but without the distraction mechanism that is a part of the clamp 23 in Figure 3 In Figure 8, the clamp 23 A has a clamp body 23B that is comprised of a pair of flanges 42A, 43A having a gap therebetween Cylindrically-shaped opening 47A conforms to the outer surface of rod 70 The pin block 48 is the same construction as that shown in Figure 3, including openings 56A-58 for accepting pins 59-61 and set screws 63-64 Opening 65-67 receive the set screws 62-64 Nut 52 connects with bolt 46 The threads 54 of bolt 46 engage the internal threads 53 of nut 52 as with the embodiment of Figure 3

The construction of clamps 73 and 74 is shown more particularly in Figures 10 and 11 respectively Figure 9 shows the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention connected to a patient's leg bone 75 In Figure 9, the leg bone 75 is shown as a fractured leg bone The fracture site 76 has broken the bone 75 into a proximal bone segment 77 and a distal bone segment 78 Proximal bone pins 79 are affixed to the proximal bone segment 75 Similarly, distal bone pins 80 are affixed to the distal bone segment 78 as shown in Figure 9 In Figure 10, the clamp assembly 73 includes a clamp body 81 having a pair of flanges 82, 83 with gap 84 therebetween A cylindrical recess 85 enables the clamp body 81 to be attached to rod 70 as shown in Figure 10 Hemispherical recess 86 on clamp body 81 accepts projecting portion 97 of block 93 Flange 83 has a countersunk recess 87 that receives the conical head 88 of set screw 89 Each of the flanges 82, 83 has an opening so that the set screw 89 can pass through the flanges 82, 83 and form a connection with nut 90 when the external threads 92 of set screw 89 engage the internally threaded opening 91 of nut 90 This occurs when the nut 90 occupies cylindrical bore 94 of block 93 An arcuate slot

95 enables the block 93 to angulate relative to set screw 89 and clamp body 81 when the set screw 89 is loosened slightly The set screw 89 can also be loosened so that the block 93 rotates with respect to clamp body 81 This combination of angulation and rotation of block 93 relative to clamp body 81 provides an almost universal articulating connection between the primary rod section 70 and secondary rod section 98 The rod section 98 occupies cylindrical bore 99 of block 93 The block 93 can slide along rod 98 and be affixed thereto at a selected position using set screw 109 that threadably engages the internally threaded opening 96 in block 93 The internally threaded opening

96 communicates with bore 99 so that when the user tightens the set screw 109 it engages the outer surface of rod 98

Secondary rod 98 carries a pair of clamps lOOA, 100B The clamp 100 A has a pair of flanges 101, 102 with a gap 103 therebetween Set screw 104 extends through openings in flanges 101, 102 and engages internally threaded sleeve 108 A at the cylindrically shaped internally threaded bore 111 thereof Cylindrical opening 110 through sleeve 108 A receives a distal bone pin 80 Set screw 109 also engages internally threaded bore 111 to form a clamped connection with pin 80 holding it in a selected position Clamp 100B includes a pair of flanges 101, 102 with a gap 103 therebetween Opening 106 receives set screw 104 The set screw 104 is externally threaded to engage the internally threaded bore 111 of sleeve 108B Opening 110 in sleeve 108B receives bone pin 80 Set screw 109 engages internally threaded bore 111 of sleeve 108B to clamp bone pin 80 in a selected position Openings 107 in the clamps 100 A, 100B enable the clamps 100 A, 100B to be mounted on rod secondary rod section 98 Each of the clamps 100 A, 100B can have a countersunk recess 105 at flange 100 for cooperating with a correspondingly shaped head portion of set screw 104

In Figure 1 1 , clamp 74 is shown Clamp 74 is similar in construction to the clamp 73 of Figure 10 but with an added distraction feature The clamp 74 includes secondary rod 98, block 93, and clamps 100A, 100B However, a distraction clamp body 115 mounts to primary rod 70 at cylindrical bore 122 Clamp body 115 includes a pair of flanges 116, 117 with a gap 118 therebetween Hemispherically-shaped recess 119 receives the projecting portion 97 of block 93 Set screw 120 cooperates with a countersunk opening 121 portion of flange 1 17 An opening in each of the flanges 116, 117 allows set screw 120 to pass through flanges 116, 117 in order to engage nut 90 at its internally threaded opening 91 As with the clamp 73 of Figure 10, slot 95 allows angulation between block 93 and clamp body 115 Clamp body 115 provides a cylindrically- shaped opening 122 that is sized and shaped to fit the outside surface of rod 70 Set screw 123 engages a correspondingly shaped internally threaded opening that extends through clamp body 115 to communicate with bore 122 In this fashion, a user simply tightens the set screw 123 to affix the rod 70 with respect to the clamp body 115 in a desired position

Internally threaded opening 124 receives threaded shaft 135 of bolt 128 Clamp body 125 carries bolt 128 The clamp body 125 is comprised of a pair of clamped members 126, 127 that are hingedly connected together at hinge 129 A cylindrically-shaped recess 130 enables rod 70 to extend through clamp body 125 Set screw 131 engages internally threaded openings 132, 133 and the clamp members 126, 127 This enables the set screw 131 to be tightened, closing the gap 134 and clamping the clamp body 125 to rod 70

During use, a very universal articulating connection can thus be formed between either of the clamps 73 or 74 and rod 70 relative to bone parts 77, 78 or a patient's radius 11 and wrist 12 This is accomplished by the ability to rotate the clamp body 81 relative to rod 70, or the clamp body 115 relative to the rod 70 Further, the block 93 of either clamp 73 or 74 can articulate and rotate relative to the clamp body 81 or 115 Additionally, the connection between rod 98 and block 93 is a sliding and rotating connection Further, each block 93 can angulate relative to its associate clamp body 81 or 115 The clamps 100A, 100B can slide along secondary rod 98 or rotate with respect thereto. Further, the bone pins 79 and 80 can rotate with respect to the clamps 100A, 100B. Additionally, the bone pins 79 and 80 can slide in their respective sleeves 100 A, 100B.

The following table lists the parts numbers and parts descriptions as used herein and in the drawings attached hereto.

PARTS LIST Part Number Description

10A fixator apparatus

10B fixator apparatus

11 distal radius

12 wrist

13 hand

14 metacarpals

15 rod

16 proximal rod section

17 distal rod section

18 transverse rod section

19 bend

20 bend

21 rod end

22 rod end

23 clamp

23 A clamp 23B clamp body

24 distraction clamp mechanism

25 radius pin clamp

26 radius pin

27 radius pin

28 clamp member

29 clamp member

30 hinge

31 recess

32 slot

33 slot bushing opening opening pin opening opening bolt opening flange A flange flange A flange opening opening bolt opening A opening pin block recess A recess hemispherical projection opening nut internally threaded opening threaded shaft slot opening opening opening pin pin pin set screw 63 set screw 64 set screw 65 threaded opening 66 threaded opening 67 threaded opening 68 set screw 69 70 rod 71 proximal end 72 distal end 73 clamp assembly 74 clamp assembly 75 leg bone 76 fracture site 77 proximal bone segment 78 distal bone segment 79 bone pin, proximal 80 bone pin, distal 81 clamp body 82 flange 83 flange 84 gap 85 cylindrical recess 86 hemispherical recess 87 countersunk recess 88 conical head 89 set screw 90 nut 91 internally threaded opening 92 external threads 93 block 94 cylindrical bore 95 arcuate slot 96 internal threaded opening

97 projecting portion

98 rod

99 cylindrical bore 100A clamp

100B clamp

101 flange

102 flange

103 gap

104 set screw

105 countersunk recess

106 internally threaded opening

107 cylindrical bore

108 A internally threaded sleeve

108B internally threaded sleeve

109 set screw

110 cylindrical opening

111 internally threaded bore

115 distraction clamp body

116 flange

117 flange

118 gap

119 hemispherically-shaped recess

120 set screw

121 countersunk opening

122 cylindrical bore

123 set screw

124 internally threaded opening

125 clamp body

126 clamp member

127 clamp member

128 bolt

129 hinge 130 cylindrically-shaped recess

131 set screw

132 countersunk opening

133 internally threaded bore

134 gap

135 threaded shaft

In the United States of America, this is a continuation-in-part of U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 08/349,323, filed December 5, 1994, now U.S. Patent No. 5,683,389, and incorporated herein by reference.

The foregoing embodiments are presented by way of example only; the scope of the present invention is to be limited only by the following claims.

Claims

1 An external fixator apparatus for fixating bone parts at a fracture site, comprising a) an elongated support rod that includes proximal and distal rod sections, b) fixation pins for engaging the patient's bone parts on opposing sides of the fracture site, c) a pair of support clamps rotatably supported upon the support rod for externally supporting the bone pins and the patient's bone parts, said clamps including at least one clamp that has two articulating parts that enable the pins to both angulate and rotate relative to the rod, and d) a set screw that rigidifies both articulating parts simultaneously to rigidity each bone pin relative to the rod
2 The fixator apparatus of Claim 1 wherein the proximal and distal rod sections are joined by a transverse rod section that offsets the proximal and distal rod sections
3 The fixator apparatus of claim 1 wherein the proximal and distal rod sections are generally parallel
4 The fixator apparatus of claim 1 wherein the pair of clamps includes clamping portions for clamping the proximal and distal rod sections respectively at recesses on the clamps
5 The fixator apparatus of claim 1 wherein one of the clamps includes a pin block for holding multiple pins
6 The fixator apparatus of claim 5 wherein the pin block with one of the clamps has a clamp body that attaches to the rod and a projecting portion that rests in a concavity of a clamp body
7 The apparatus of claim 5 wherein the pin body and clamp body can rotate relative to one another when the set screw is loosened
8 The apparatus of claim 7 wherein the pin body and clamp body can angulate relative to one another when the set screw is loosened
9. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the rod has a central linear longitudinal axis.
10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the clamps are slidable upon the rod during use.
11. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein the clamp body and pin body can simultaneously rotate relative to one another and angulate relative to one another when the set screw is loosened.
12. An external fixator apparatus for fixation of a bone fracture, comprising: a) an elongated support rod that includes proximal and distal rod sections; b) fixation pins for engaging and supporting the patient's bone tissue at selected positions on opposite sides of the fracture; c) a first clamp that is movably supported upon the proximal rod section for externally supporting the patient's bone tissue on a first side of the fracture, said clamp including means for holding the fixation pins, said first clamp being configured to allow rotation of the pins relative to the rod, angulation of the pins relative to the rod, and a sliding movement of the clamp along the rod; and d) a second clamp movably upon the distal rod section for externally supporting the patient's bone tissue, said second clamp including means for holding the fixation pins, said second clamp allowing rotation relative to the rod and relative to the fixation pin.
13. The external fixator of claim 12 wherein the first clamp has a rod opening sized and shaped to conform to the rod.
14. The external fixator of claim 12 wherein the proximal and distal rod sections are offset but generally parallel.
15. The external fixator of claim 12 wherein one of the clamps has first and second sections that articulate with respect to each other.
16. The external fixator of claim 15 wherein one of the sections holds bone pins.
PCT/US1997/020258 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures WO1999022661A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1997/020258 WO1999022661A1 (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19970946564 EP1028666A1 (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures
US09530760 US6491694B1 (en) 1994-12-05 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures
PCT/US1997/020258 WO1999022661A1 (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures
AU5171298A AU5171298A (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08349323 Continuation-In-Part US5683389A (en) 1994-12-05 1994-12-05 External fixator for distal radius fractures

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09530760 A-371-Of-International US6491694B1 (en) 1994-12-05 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures
US10293962 Continuation US6793655B2 (en) 1994-12-05 2002-11-13 External fixator for distal radius fractures

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999022661A1 true true WO1999022661A1 (en) 1999-05-14

Family

ID=22262016

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1997/020258 WO1999022661A1 (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 External fixator for distal radius fractures

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1028666A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999022661A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10124994A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2002-12-12 Hans-Georg Gradl Fractured bone fixture especially on wrist has first and further supports, fixture elements, and adjustable fixture element
FR2829684A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-21 Obl External bone distractor has curved threaded rod with flats to prevent rotation of the spindle support carriages
US6793655B2 (en) 1994-12-05 2004-09-21 Smith & Nephew, Inc. External fixator for distal radius fractures
US7291148B2 (en) 2003-06-03 2007-11-06 John M. Agee Trustee Of The John M. Agee Trust External fixator for Colles' fracture
US8287538B2 (en) 2008-01-14 2012-10-16 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for fracture repair
US8906022B2 (en) 2010-03-08 2014-12-09 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for securing a bone implant
US8961518B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2015-02-24 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for bone access and cavity preparation
US9730739B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2017-08-15 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Rotary-rigid orthopaedic rod
US9770272B2 (en) 2012-12-12 2017-09-26 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Orthopedic compression/distraction device
US10022132B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2018-07-17 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Tissue displacement tools and methods

Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3961854A (en) 1974-05-22 1976-06-08 Henri Jaquet Apparatus for orienting and maintaining a rod in any direction
US4483334A (en) 1983-04-11 1984-11-20 Murray William M External fixation device
US4548199A (en) 1981-11-13 1985-10-22 Agee John M Fracture splint
US4611586A (en) 1983-10-06 1986-09-16 John M. Agee Articulated Colles' fracture splint
US4620533A (en) * 1985-09-16 1986-11-04 Pfizer Hospital Products Group Inc. External bone fixation apparatus
SU1491492A1
DE3805178A1 (en) * 1988-02-19 1989-08-31 Abdul Kader Dr Martini External fixator
US4922856A (en) 1987-05-15 1990-05-08 Sweeney Enterprises, Inc. Vibrationally activated control apparatus for detecting signals from fish to enable demand feeding
DE9103480U1 (en) * 1990-05-07 1991-07-18 Schmidt, Guenter, Dr.Med., 4200 Oberhausen, De
FR2665353A1 (en) * 1990-08-03 1992-02-07 Pinaud Jean Claude External fixator for reducing fractures of the wrist
US5207676A (en) 1989-02-27 1993-05-04 Jaquet Orthopedie S.A. External fixator with controllable damping
US5219349A (en) 1991-02-15 1993-06-15 Howmedica, Inc. Spinal fixator reduction frame
WO1994018898A1 (en) * 1993-02-18 1994-09-01 Endocare Ag Bone-extending device
US5429637A (en) 1991-11-08 1995-07-04 Hardy; Jean M. External modular fixator for immobilization of a fracture
US5443465A (en) 1992-09-19 1995-08-22 Pennig; Dietmar Osteosynthesis aid
US5683389A (en) 1994-12-05 1997-11-04 Smith & Nephew, Inc. External fixator for distal radius fractures

Patent Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1491492A1
US3961854A (en) 1974-05-22 1976-06-08 Henri Jaquet Apparatus for orienting and maintaining a rod in any direction
US4548199A (en) 1981-11-13 1985-10-22 Agee John M Fracture splint
US4483334A (en) 1983-04-11 1984-11-20 Murray William M External fixation device
US4611586A (en) 1983-10-06 1986-09-16 John M. Agee Articulated Colles' fracture splint
US4620533A (en) * 1985-09-16 1986-11-04 Pfizer Hospital Products Group Inc. External bone fixation apparatus
US4922856A (en) 1987-05-15 1990-05-08 Sweeney Enterprises, Inc. Vibrationally activated control apparatus for detecting signals from fish to enable demand feeding
DE3805178A1 (en) * 1988-02-19 1989-08-31 Abdul Kader Dr Martini External fixator
US5207676A (en) 1989-02-27 1993-05-04 Jaquet Orthopedie S.A. External fixator with controllable damping
DE9103480U1 (en) * 1990-05-07 1991-07-18 Schmidt, Guenter, Dr.Med., 4200 Oberhausen, De
FR2665353A1 (en) * 1990-08-03 1992-02-07 Pinaud Jean Claude External fixator for reducing fractures of the wrist
US5219349A (en) 1991-02-15 1993-06-15 Howmedica, Inc. Spinal fixator reduction frame
US5429637A (en) 1991-11-08 1995-07-04 Hardy; Jean M. External modular fixator for immobilization of a fracture
US5443465A (en) 1992-09-19 1995-08-22 Pennig; Dietmar Osteosynthesis aid
WO1994018898A1 (en) * 1993-02-18 1994-09-01 Endocare Ag Bone-extending device
US5683389A (en) 1994-12-05 1997-11-04 Smith & Nephew, Inc. External fixator for distal radius fractures

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DR. JOHN AGEE: "External Fixation : Technical Advances Based Upon Multiplanar Ligamentotaxis", ORTHOPEDIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, vol. 24, no. 2, 1 April 1993 (1993-04-01)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6793655B2 (en) 1994-12-05 2004-09-21 Smith & Nephew, Inc. External fixator for distal radius fractures
DE10124994A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2002-12-12 Hans-Georg Gradl Fractured bone fixture especially on wrist has first and further supports, fixture elements, and adjustable fixture element
DE10124994B4 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-09-16 Gradl, Hans-Georg, Dr. med. Device for fixation of bone in the wrist
FR2829684A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-21 Obl External bone distractor has curved threaded rod with flats to prevent rotation of the spindle support carriages
WO2003024341A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-27 Obl Société Anonyme External bone distractor
US7291148B2 (en) 2003-06-03 2007-11-06 John M. Agee Trustee Of The John M. Agee Trust External fixator for Colles' fracture
US9788870B2 (en) 2008-01-14 2017-10-17 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for fracture repair
US8287538B2 (en) 2008-01-14 2012-10-16 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for fracture repair
US9517093B2 (en) 2008-01-14 2016-12-13 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for fracture repair
US9730739B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2017-08-15 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Rotary-rigid orthopaedic rod
US9848889B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2017-12-26 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for bone access and cavity preparation
US8961518B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2015-02-24 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for bone access and cavity preparation
US8906022B2 (en) 2010-03-08 2014-12-09 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for securing a bone implant
US9993277B2 (en) 2010-03-08 2018-06-12 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for securing a bone implant
US9770272B2 (en) 2012-12-12 2017-09-26 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Orthopedic compression/distraction device
US10022132B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2018-07-17 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Tissue displacement tools and methods
US10076342B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2018-09-18 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Tissue displacement tools and methods

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1028666A1 (en) 2000-08-23 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5002044A (en) Derotation wrist brace
US5628740A (en) Articulating toggle bolt bone screw
US6030386A (en) Six axis external fixator strut
US5474551A (en) Universal coupler for spinal fixation
US6217578B1 (en) Spinal cross connector
US6706045B2 (en) Clamping connector for spinal fixation systems
US5320622A (en) Dynamic axial splint
US6605088B1 (en) Bone setting apparatus and method
US6224597B1 (en) Vertebral triplaner alignment method
US5971984A (en) Method of using an orthopaedic fixation device
US4554915A (en) Bone fixation frame
US3865105A (en) Device for exerting forces on and fixing the spinal column of a human body
US20060155276A1 (en) Bone fixation assembly and related method
US5462551A (en) Knee positioner
US5152280A (en) Bone support device
US5667506A (en) Spinal rod transverse connector for supporting vertebral fixation elements
US4919119A (en) External dynamic bone fixation device
US20040138659A1 (en) External fixation apparatus and method
US5591166A (en) Multi angle bone bolt
US20060195086A1 (en) Integral, articulated, pedicle screw and longitudinal member for spinal osteosynthesis
US4978347A (en) Distraction apparatus for osteosynthesis of short tubular bones
US5728095A (en) Method of using an orthopaedic fixation device
US5997537A (en) Ring system for external fixation of bone and related method
US20030225407A1 (en) Apparatus for dynamic external fixation of distal radius and wrist fractures
US4662365A (en) Device for the external fixation of bone fragments

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY CA CH CN CU CZ DE DK EE ES FI GB GE GH HU ID IL IS JP KE KG KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MD MG MK MN MW MX NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SE SG SI SK SL TJ TM TR TT UA UG US UZ VN YU ZW

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH KE LS MW SD SZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN ML MR NE SN TD TG

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: KR

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1997946564

Country of ref document: EP

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 09530760

Country of ref document: US

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1997946564

Country of ref document: EP

REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Ref document number: 1997946564

Country of ref document: EP