WO1998052293A1 - Antenna arrangement for portable two-way radio apparatus - Google Patents

Antenna arrangement for portable two-way radio apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1998052293A1
WO1998052293A1 PCT/US1998/009645 US9809645W WO9852293A1 WO 1998052293 A1 WO1998052293 A1 WO 1998052293A1 US 9809645 W US9809645 W US 9809645W WO 9852293 A1 WO9852293 A1 WO 9852293A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
transmitting
housing
antenna
antenna element
receiving
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1998/009645
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Shinichiro Tsuda
Ichiro Toriyama
Naotaka Sato
Original Assignee
Sony Electronics, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US85624497A priority Critical
Priority to US08/856,244 priority
Application filed by Sony Electronics, Inc. filed Critical Sony Electronics, Inc.
Publication of WO1998052293A1 publication Critical patent/WO1998052293A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/3827Portable transceivers
    • H04B1/3833Hand-held transceivers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • H01Q1/244Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas extendable from a housing along a given path
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q3/00Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system
    • H01Q3/02Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole
    • H01Q3/04Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole for varying one co-ordinate of the orientation

Abstract

A portable radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves in respective transmitting and receiving band widths, as in a cellular phone, has a portable housing containing circuits defining a transmitting path (102) and a receiving path (103) which are substantially spaced from each other within the housing (101) and which exit from the latter at respective substantially spaced apart locations where the transmitting (104) and receiving (105) antennas are mounted on the housing and there connected with the transmitting and receiving paths, respectively, with such transmitting and receiving antennas being configured for transmitting and receiving radio waves substantially only in the transmitting and receiving band widths, respectively. The housing comprises a main body portion and a swingable portion. The main body portion includes a loudspeaker. The transmitting antenna extends from the top end of the main body portion. The swingable portion extends from the opposing end of the main body portion and includes a microphone and the receiving antenna.

Description

ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT FOR PORTABLE TWO-WAY RADIO APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention

This invention relates generally to portable two-way radio apparatus, such as, cellular phones and the like, and more particularly is directed to an improved antenna arrangement by which such apparatus may transmit and receive radio waves. Description of the Prior Art As two-way radio and cellular phones have achieved wide-spread use, much effort has been expended m reducing the weight and size thereof for enhancing the ease and convenience with which such devices may be carried. An area thereof that has seen considerable development has been the arrangement provided for achieving duplex operation, that is, permitting the user to speak and listen at the same time. Such duplex operation requires two radio channels, that is, a transmitting band and a receiving band m which the cellular phone may simultaneously transmit and receive, respectively. In the belief that simplification would be achieved thereby, existing cellular phones, for example, as indicated m block form at 10 on Fig. 1, have been provided with a single antenna 11 extending from the housing 12 and being designed with a broad band characteristic so as to cover the total band width of the respective cellular phone system, such as, the Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) m the U.S.A., the Total Access Communications System (TACS) m the U.K., the Nordic Mobile Telephone System (NMT) m Scandinavia, the

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) specified by the Committee of European Post and Telecommunications, and the like. Such broad band characteristic of the single antenna for both transmission and reception has to be more than twice as wide as the band width of the transmitting band or the receiving band. Many difficulties have been encountered in achieving the desired broad band performance m a single antenna structure that can be accommodated m the limited space available therefor within the miniaturized cellular phones being produced m accordance with the latest trend.

Furthermore, as shown m Fig. 1, a cellular phone 10 having the single antenna 11 for both transmitting and receiving must further include a duplexer 13 by which the total band width of the respective system is divided between the transmitting band and the receiving band. In any event, a transmitting path 14 and a receiving path 15 defined on a circuit board within the housing 12 must necessarily have at least portions that are physically close to each other m consideration of the desired miniaturization of the housing 12, and further by reason of the fact that such transmitting path 14 and receiving path 15 extend to the same antenna 11. Such close proximity of the receiving and transmitting paths gives rise to a tendency for transmitting power to leak from the transmitting path to the receiving path. Leakage from the transmitting path to the receiving path is known to cause cross-modulation and the like and, m order to avoid such problem, the duplexer 13 is required to have a high isolation characteristic which can suppress the leakage. However, a duplexer capable of the desired high isolation performance is of increased size and thereby conflicts with the present trend to miniaturize cellular phones. OBJECTS AND FEATURES OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a portable radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves m respective band widths, for example, as m a cellular phone, and m which leakage between transmitting and receiving paths is avoided without the necessity of employing a duplexer, while permitting optimum reduction of the weight and size of the apparatus . A further object is to provide an apparatus, as aforesaid, for use in a digital cellular phone system, and in which the occurrence of puncturing audio noise is avoided by optimizing the distance between the transmitting antenna and the microphone.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus, as aforesaid, which can be manipulated to a folded or stowed position when not m use so as to be conveniently carried m a pocket or other confined space.

In accordance with an aspect of this invention, a portable radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves in respective transmitting and receiving band widths, for example, as m a cellular phone, has a portable housing containing circuit means, such as, a circuit board, for processing transmitted and received radio waves, respectively, and defining a transmitting path and a receiving path which are substantially spaced from each other within the housing and which exit from the latter at respective substantially spaced apart locations, and transmitting and receiving antennas mounted on the housing and being there connected with the transmitting and receiving paths, respectively, at the substantially spaced apart locations where such paths exit from the housing, with such transmitting and receiving antennas being configured for transmitting and receiving radio waves substantially only in the transmitting and receiving band widths, respectively. In accordance with another aspect of this invention, the housing of a portable radio apparatus, as aforesaid, includes a main body portion containing a loudspeaker and a swingable portion containing a microphone and being pivoted in respect to the main body portion for movement between a stowed position where the swingable portion lies substantially flat against the main body portion and an operative position where the swingable portion extends from the main body portion for disposing the microphone at a desired distance from the loudspeaker, and one of the antennas extends from the main body portion of the housing while the other antenna is included m the swingable portion of the housing so as to lie against the main body portion m the stowed position of the swingable portion and for maximum spacing of the antennas from each other when the swingable portion is m its operative position.

In accordance with still another aspect of this invention, a portable radio apparatus, as aforesaid, for use m a digital cellular phone system has its transmitting antenna extending from the main body portion and its receiving antenna included m the swingable portion of the housing containing the microphone which is thereby substantially distanced from the transmitting antenna for discouraging signal leakage from the transmitting antenna to the microphone and consequent puncturing audio noise.

It is still another feature of the invention to provide a portable radio apparatus, as aforesaid, m which the mam body portion and the swingable portion of the housing are of a molded plastic material, and m which the antenna included m the swingable portion of the housing includes a monopole rod antenna element of metal embedded m the plastic material of such swingable portion for also strengthening the latter.

The above, and other objects, features and advantages of the invention, will be apparent m the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, particularly when read m connection with the accompanying drawings .

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a block diagram of an antenna system of a portable two-way radio apparatus according to the prior art;

Fig. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a characteristic feature of an antenna system of a portable two-way radio apparatus according to the present invention;

Fig. 3A is a schematic view of a portable two- way radio apparatus, such as, a cellular telephone, having an antenna arrangement according to an embodiment of the present invention, and which is shown with a receiving antenna thereof m a stowed position;

Fig. 3B is a view similar to that of Fig. 3A, but with the receiving antenna shown m an operative or extended position; Figs. 4A and 4B are views similar to those of F gs. 3A and 3B, respectively, but illustrating another embodiment of the present invention characterized by a different form of transmitting antenna; Figs. 5A and 5B are views similar to Figs. 4A and 4B, respectively, but illustrating another embodiment of this invention characterized by still another form of transmitting antenna ;

Figs. 6A and 6B are views similar to those of Figs. 3A and 3B, respectively, but showing still another embodiment of this invention characterized by a different form of receiving antenna;

Figs. 7A and 7B are views similar to those of Figs. 6A and 6B, respectively, but illustrating yet another embodiment of this invention characterized by a different form of transmitting antenna;

Figs. 8A and 8B are also views similar to those of Figs. 6A and 6B, respectively, but illustrating a still further embodiment of this invention characterized by still another form of transmitting antenna;

Figs. 9A and 9B are graphical representations of the impedance characteristics of the transmitting antenna of the embodiment of Figs . 4A and 4B when the receiving antenna is m the positions of Figs. 4A and 4B, respectively; and

Figs. 10A and 10B are graphical representations of the impedance characteristics of the receiving antenna of the embodiment of Figs. 4A and 4B when such receiving antenna is m the positions shown on Figs 4A and 4B, respectively.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to Fig. 2 of the drawings, it will be seen that, m accordance with an essential feature of the present invention, a portable radio apparatus 100, for example, a cellular phone, for transmitting and receiving radio waves m respective transmitting and receiving band widths comprises a portable housing 101 containing circuits for processing transmitted and received radio waves, respectively, and which include a transmitting path 102 and a receiving path 103 substantially spaced from each other within the housing 101. Such transmitting and receiving paths 102 and 103 are shown to exit from the housing 101 at respective substantially spaced apart locations 102a and 103a. Further, the apparatus 100 according to this invention is shown to generally comprise a transmitting antenna 104 and a separate receiving antenna 105 which are mounted on the housing 101 at the spaced apart locations 102a and 103a, respectively, where the transmitting and receiving antennas 104 and 105 are connected with the transmitting and receiving paths 102 and 103, respectively. Moreover, m accordance with the present invention, the transmitting and receiving antennas 104 and 105 are configured for transmitting and receiving radio waves substantially only m the respective transmitting and receiving band widths of the cellular phone system or the like m which the portable radio apparatus 100 is designed to be used.

Since the transmitting and receiving antennas 104 and 105 are intended for use only m connection with radio waves within the relatively narrow band widths prescribed by the respective system for the transmitting and receiving channels, respectively, such antennas can be readily designed to perform the assigned functions without presenting obstacles to the desired miniaturization of the cellular phone or other portable radio apparatus. Further, since separate antennas 104 and 105 are used for transmission and reception, respectively, such antennas may be relatively widely spaced from each other on the housing 101 and the transmitting path 102 and the receiving path 103, being connected to respective antennas 104 and 105 spaced apart on the housing 101, can be also substantially spaced from each other, for example, on the printed circuit board which carries the various circuits withm the housing 101. Thus, as shown on Fig. 2, there is no need to provide a duplexer the apparatus 100 order to make it possible for the user to speak and listen at the same time. The apparatus 100 of Fig. 2 further advantageously enjoys a possible reduction weight and size by reason of the absence therefrom of the duplexer 13 the prior art apparatus 10 of Fig. 1.

By maintaining a substantial physical distance between the antennas 104 and 105 and also between the transmitting path 102 and receiving path 103 within the housing 101, there is desirably small leakage, if any, of the transmitting power from the transmitting path 102 to the receiving path 103. Referring now to Figs. 3A and 3B, it will be seen that the cellular phone 100a accordance with an embodiment of this invention, as there shown m greater detail, comprises a housing 101a which includes a mam body portion 106 containing a loudspeaker 108, and a swingable portion 107 containing a microphone 109 and being pivoted m respect to the mam body portion 106 for movement between a stowed position (Fig. 3A) where the swingable portion 107 lies substantially flat against the ma body portion 106, and an operative position (Fig. 3B) where the swingable portion 107 of the housing extends from the mam body portion for disposing the microphone 109 at a desired distance d from the loudspeaker 108. The distance d is selected so that, with the swingable housing portion 107 its operative position, the user's ear and mouth may be disposed adjacent the loudspeaker 108 and the microphone 109, respectively. Further, m the cellular phone 100a shown m Figs. 3A and 3B, the transmitting antenna, shown m the form of a rod antenna element 104a, extends upwardly from the upper end of the ma body portion 106 of the housing, while the other or receiving antenna, also shown m a form of a rod antenna element 105a, is included the swingable portion 107 of the housing which is pivoted for movement relevant to the mam body portion 106 about an axis x-x which is located adjacent the lower end of the ma body portion 106. Thus, when the swingable portion 107 of the housing 101a is m its downwardly directed operative position (Fig. 3B) , there is a maximum spacing of the antennas 104a and 105a from each other Of course, when the swingable portion 107 of the housing 101a is disposed m its stowed position flat against the mam body portion 106 (Fig. 3A) , the overall dimensions of the cellular phone 100a are no greater than they would have been the absence of the antenna 105a so as to facilitate the stowage thereof m a pocket or the like.

Further, m the cellular phone 100a of Figs. 3A and 3B, the microphone 109 is positioned m the swingable housing portion 107 beyond the end of the rod antenna element constituting the receiving antenna 105a which is remote from the axis x-x about which the swingable housing portion 107 is pivoted. By reason of the foregoing, when the cellular phone 100a is used m a digital cellular phone system, there is an optimum spacing of the microphone 109 from the transmitting antenna 104a when the swingable portion 107 of the housing is m the operative position (Fig. 3B) for avoiding the puncturing audio noise that may occur m a cellular phone system if the transmitting antenna and the microphone are too close to each other. As is usually the case, the mam body portion 106 and the swingable portion 107 of the housing 101a are desirably molded of a suitable plastic material, and the elongated metal rod included m the receiving antenna 105a is desirably embedded in the plastic material of the swingable housing portion 107, as shown, for strengthening such swingable portion. Since cellular phones having swingable housing portions containing a microphone for movement between stowed and operative or extended positions are frequently provided with metal stiffening members, the rod antenna element 105a m acting as a stiffening element and also as the receiving antenna performs that additional function without increasing the weight of the cellular phone. In the cellular phone 100a of Figs. 3A and 3B, a printed circuit board 110 is contained within the mam body portion 106 of the housing 101 and has thereon circuits for processing the transmitted and received signals, including printed circuits defining the transmitting path 102 and the receiving path 103 which, for the reasons earlier stated, are substantially spaced from each other on the printed circuit board 110. The rod antenna element 104a which constitutes the transmission antenna is secured, at its lower end, on a metal base 111 which is externally threaded and screwed into an internally threaded metal socket or mounting member 112 embedded in the plastic main body portion 106 adjacent to the location 102a. An RF circuit 113 extends from the transmitting path 102 on the circuit board 110 and is connected to the socket 112 by means of an antenna clip 114 for supplying the signal to be transmitted through the socket 112 and base 111 to the monopole antenna 104a. The monopole or rod antenna element 104a is enclosed in a cover 115 to prevent contact of the user with the antenna itself.

In the case of the rod antenna element 105a constituting the receiving antenna of the cellular phone 100a, the end portion of the rod antenna element 105a remote from the microphone 109 is desirably bent at right angles and terminates m a cylindrical hub portion 116 which is rotatably received m a metal socket 117 embedded m the mam body portion 106 of the housing 101a adjacent the location 103a. With such structural arrangement, the hub 116 at an end of the rod antenna element 105a, by its engagement the socket 117, defines the axis x-x about which the swingable housing portion 107 is pivoted relative to the mam body portion 106. The receiving path 103 is connected through an RF circuit 118 and an antenna clip 119 with the metal socket 117 m which the hub-like end portion 116 of the rod antenna element 105a is turnable for establishing the necessary electrical connection between the receiving antenna 105a and the respective circuits on the circuit board 110.

It will be appreciated that, when the cellular phone 100a is m its standby status, the swingable housing portion 107 is flipped or pivoted to its retracted or stowed position shown Fig. 3A for convenience m carrying the cellular phone m a pocket or the like. However, when the cellular phone 100a is to be used for talking, the swingable housing portion 107 is flipped or pivoted to the position shown on Fig. 3B for obtaining the desired distance d between the loudspeaker 108 and microphone 109 and further for disposing the antenna 105a for improved reception as well as for avoiding cross-modulation and puncturing audio noise. Referring now to Figs. 4A and 4B, it will be seen that a cellular phone 100b accordmg to another embodiment of this invention is generally similar to the previously described cellular phone 100a. For the sake of brevity, the various parts of the cellular phone 100b that are the same as corresponding parts of the above described cellular phone 100a are identified by the same reference numerals and will not be further described herein. Thus, the cellular phone 100b substantially differs from the cellular phone 100a only m that the rod antenna element 104a constituting the transmission antenna the latter is replaced by a helical antenna 104b having a conductive metal plate 120 at its lower end fixedly secured, m an electrically conducting manner, on the externally threaded base 111 screwed mto the socket 112. The helical antenna 104b is enclosed within a suitable cover 115b to avoid user contact therewith. It will be appreciated that the cellular phone 100b is used m essentially the same manner as the previously described cellular phone 100a with similar advantages being derived from its antenna arrangement constituted by the rod antenna element 105a forming a monopole receiving antenna and the fixed helical transmitting antenna 104b. The fixed helical transmitting antenna 104b of the cellular phone 100b is further advantageous relative to the monopole or rod transmitting antenna 104a of the cellular phone 100a m that the helical antenna 104b has an effective electrical length greater than its physical length and therefore has better transmitting performance than a monopole or rod transmitting element of the same length. In the case of a fixed transmitting antenna, minimizing the physical length thereof without sacrificing its transmitting performance is a desirable end.

As an example of the antenna arrangement shown m Figs. 4A and 4B, the helical transmitting antenna 104b may have a pitch of 2.2 mm, a diameter of 5.3 mm, and 4.5 turns, while the monopole or rod antenna element constituting the receiving antenna 105a embedded m the swingable portion 107 of the housing which contains the microphone 109 has a length of 60 mm. With such dimensions of the transmitting and receiving antennas included in the cellular phone 100b embodying the invention, Figs. 9A and 9B graphically depict impedance characteristics of the transmission antenna 104b when the swingable housing portion 107 containing the receiving antenna 105a is m its stowed position (Fig. 4A) and m its extended position (Fig. 4B) , respectively. Similarly, Figs. 10A and 10B graphically depict impedance characteristics of the receiving antenna 105a when the swingable housing portion 107, and hence the receiving antenna 105a, is m its stowed position (Fig. 4A) and m its extended position (Fig. 4B) , respectively.

Referring now to Figs. 5A and 5B, it will be seen that a cellular phone 100c m accordance with still another embodiment of this invention is generally similar to the cellular phone 100a described above with reference to Figs. 3A and 3B, and, for the sake of brevity, those parts of the cellular phone 100c that are the same as corresponding parts the cellular phone 100a are identified by the same reference numerals and will not be further described herein. However, the cellular phone 100c is characterized by a retractable transmitting antenna 104c which is shown to generally comprise a fixed helical antenna 121 housed withm a cylindrical antenna cover 122, and a movable antenna part 123 constituted by a rod antenna element 124 enveloped m a cover 125.

The fixed helical antenna 121 further has a metal end piece 126 the form of a disk secured to the lower end of the antenna 121 with an externally threaded hub 127 extending downwardly from the disk 126 about an axial bore 128. The lower end of the antenna cover 122 is suitably secured on the periphery of disk 126 for positioning the cover m enveloping relation to the helical antenna 121. The cover 122 has an upper end wall 129 above the upper end of the helical antenna 121 with a central bore 130 extending through end wall 129 m axial alignment with the bore 128 m hub 127. Such bores 128 and 130 are dimensioned so that the movable antenna part 123, that is, the rod antenna 124 and the associated cover 125, can move slidably through bores 128 and 130 between the extended and retracted positions of Figs. 5B and 5A, respectively.

A knob 131 is formed on, or otherwise secured to, the upper end of cover 125 and may be grasped by the user for effecting movements of the movable antenna part 123 between its extended and retracted positions. The knob 131 is also effective to prevent inadvertent downward separation of the movable antenna part 123 from the fixed helical antenna 121. An annular protrusion 132 is formed on antenna cover 125 immediately below knob 131 and is dimensioned for snap-in engagement m a similarly shaped indentation or detent formed m the bore 130 extending through end wall 129 of the cover 122. The engagement of the protrusion 132 m the detent or indentation m bore 130, as m Fig. 5A, is effective to releasably retain the movable antenna part 123 m its retracted position.

A stopper 133 is provided on the lower end portion of the cover 125 and is formed with an annular protrusion 134 which, upon movement of the movable antenna part 123 to the extended position shown Fig. 5B, engages, m a snap-m manner, m a similarly shaped indentation or detent 135 formed the surface of bore 128. Such engagement of protrusion 134 withm indentation 135 is effective to releasably retain the movable antenna part 123 m its extended position. In the illustrated antenna assembly 100c, the stopper 133 at the lower end of the movable antenna part 123 is of an electrical insulating material, for example, of the same material as the cover 125, so that an electrical connection to the rod antenna 124 cannot be established through the stopper 133.

In order to provide for the mounting of the retractable antenna assembly 104c on the cellular phone 100c, the housing 101c of the latter is conventionally molded of a suitable plastic with an opening which the conductive metal mounting socket 112 is embedded. Such mounting socket 112 has an internally threaded bore m which the externally threaded hub 127 can be threadably engaged. When the antenna assembly 104c is thus mounted on housing 101c, the helical antenna 121 is continuously powered from a power supply circuit through the antenna clip 114 which establishes an electrical connection between the RF signal line 113 extending from the transmitting path 102 and the metal mounting socket 112 which is, m turn, electrically connected with the hub 127 of the disk 126, and through the latter to the helical antenna 121.

When the movable antenna part 123 of antenna assembly 104c is m its extended position shown on Fig. 5B, rod antenna 124 extends through helical antenna 121. By reason of the foregoing, even though, m the extended position, stopper 133 of an insulating material insures that there will be no electrical connection between helical antenna 121 and rod antenna 124, the rod antenna 124 is powered by electromagnetic coupling between helical antenna 121 and rod antenna 124 extending axially therethrough. As a result, the extended position, rod antenna 124 mainly operates as a monopole antenna which has its ground level at the ground of the shielding case conventionally provided withm the housing 101c and the ground of the circuit board 110 therein. Although the helical antenna 121, being continuously powered, is powered along with the rod antenna 124 when the latter is its extended position, the helical antenna 121 s then merely operable as an accessory of the rod antenna 124. On the other hand, when the movable antenna part 123 of assembly 104c is its retracted position shown on Fig. 5A, there is no electrical connection to the rod antenna 124 and there is substantial axial spacing between the upper end of rod antenna 124 and the lower end of the helical antenna 121 and the metal members 126, 127 and 112 connected thereto. As a result of the foregoing, electromagnetic coupling between the helical antenna 121 and the rod antenna 124 is avoided when the movable antenna part 123 is in its retracted position. Therefore, rod antenna 124, when m its retracted position, has no affect on the performance of helical antenna 121 which then operates as a single helical antenna having its ground level at the ground of the shielding case inside housing 101c and the ground of the circuit board 110.

In a modification of the retractable antenna assembly 104c which includes a rod antenna 124 and a helical antenna 121, and in which the rod antenna 124, when retracted into the housing, is electrically isolated from the helical antenna 121, the stopper 133 of insulating material at the lower end of the movable antenna part 123 may be replaced by an electrically conductive metal stopper which is electrically connected with the rod antenna 124 with the cover 125. In such modified retractable transmitting antenna, when the movable antenna part is in its extended position, for example, as in Fig. 5B, an electrical circuit for powering the rod antenna 124 is established from transmitting path 102, through antenna clip 114, mounting socket 112 to hub 127 of disc 126 which is contacted by the noted metal stopper that replaces insulating stopper 133. In this case also, when the retractable transmitting antenna is in its extended position, both the helical antenna 121 and the rod antenna 124 are powered and the rod antenna 124 mainly operates as a monopole antenna which has its ground level at the ground of the shielding case conventionally provided within the housing 101c and the ground of the circuit board 110 therein, while the helical antenna 121, being continuously powered once again, is merely operable as an accessory of the rod antenna 124 in the extended position of the latter.

It will be appreciated that the cellular phone 100c is used in essentially the same manner as the previously described cellular phones 100a and 100b with similar advantages being derived from its use of separate transmitting and receiving antennas 104c and 105a, respectively. However, the retractable transmitting antenna 104c is further advantageous in that, it can have a substantial effective length when m its extended position for providing desirable transmitting performance, and yet be stowed substantially withm the main body portion 106 of the housing 101c when m its retracted position so that the cellular phone 100c may be readily carried in a pocket or the like.

It is further to be understood that other known types of antennas can be used as the transmitting antenna in a cellular phone or other portable radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves in respective transmitting and receiving band widths and which, in accordance with this invention, further have a receiving antenna separate from the transmitting antenna.

In each of the embodiments of the invention heretofore specifically described, the receiving antenna 105a included in the swingable portion 107 of the housing which also contains the microphone 109 has consisted of a simple rod antenna. However, the effective electrical length of the receiving antenna may be made greater than the physical length thereof for improving its performance in receiving radio waves without undesirably increasing the size of the swingable portion 107 of the housing required for containing the receiving antenna along with the microphone 109. For example, in Figs. 6A and 6B, there is shown a cellular phone lOOd in accordance with still another embodiment of this invention which is generally similar to the cellular phone 100a previously described with reference to Figs. 3A and 3B, with corresponding parts being identified by the same reference numerals and description of such parts being omitted, while the receiving antenna 105d, which alone distinguishes the cellular phone lOOd from the cellular phone 100a, is specifically described below.

As shown m Figs. 6A and 6B, the receiving antenna 105d includes a metal rod antenna 140 which, at one end, is right -angularly bent and terminates m a cylindrical hub 116 which is rotatable m the metal socket 117 embedded m the mam body portion 106 of the housing 101a adjacent the location 103a where the receiving path 103 exits from the housing. Such receiving path 103 is connected through a RF signal line 118 and an antenna clip 119 with the socket 117. The end of rod antenna 140 remote from the hub 116 is electrically connected with an end of a helical antenna 141 extending m axial alignment with the rod antenna 140. The connected together rod antenna 140 and helical antenna 141 are embedded m the plastic material of the swingable portion 107 of the housing 101a, and such swingable portion 107 further contains the microphone 109 at a position beyond the helical antenna 141. It will be appreciated that, by reason of the helical antenna 141 connected to the rod antenna 140, the physical length of the receiving antenna 105d is shorter than the effective electrical length of such antenna. By reason of the foregoing, the reception performance of the cellular phone lOOd may be improved m comparison with the reception performance of the cellular phone 100a without substantially increasing the size of the swingable portion 107 of the housing 101a which is stowed against the mam body portion 106 when the cellular phone is m its standby condition.

Although Figs. 6A and 6B show the receiving antenna 105d comprised of a rod antenna 140 and a helical antenna 141 used m a cellular phone lOOd which, m accordance with this invention, also has a separate transmitting antenna 104a constituted by a fixed rod antenna element, it will be understood that other types of transmitting antennas can be used m combination with the receiving antenna 105d. Thus, as shown m Figs. 7A and 7B, a cellular phone lOOe m accordance of an embodiment of this invention may use the previously described receiving antenna 105d m an apparatus which is otherwise the same as the cellular phone 100b and has its several parts, other than the receiving antenna, identified by the same reference numerals used Figs. 4A and 4B. Thus, the cellular phone lOOe of Figs. 7A and 7B uses the fixed helical antenna 104b as a transmitting antenna m combination with the receiving antenna 105d made up of the rod antenna 140 and the helical antenna 141.

Similarly, Figs. 8A and 8B, the receiving antenna 105d is shown used m a cellular phone lOOf according to yet another embodiment of this invention which is otherwise the same as the cellular phone 100c of Figs. 5A and 5B . Thus, m the cellular phone lOOf of Figs. 8A and 8B, the receiving antenna 105d comprised of the rod antenna 140 and the helical antenna 141 is combined with the retractable transmitting antenna 104c which, as earlier described, includes the fixed helical antenna 121 and the moveable antenna part 123 made up of the rod antenna 124 enveloped m the elongated cover 125. It will be appreciated that receiving antennas m addition to those identified as antennas 105a and

105d, respectively, can be employed m combination with any of the transmitting antennas 104a, 104b and 104c, or with any additional known transmitting antennas m cellular phones or similar radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves m accordance with this invention. In such cellular phones and the like embodying the invention, the use of separate antennas for transmitting and receiving radio waves m respective band widths makes it possible to separate the transmitting and receiving paths withm the apparatus so that the use of a duplexer is not required. Further, since the transmitting and receiving paths may be widely separated from each other, leakage of the transmitting power from the transmitting path to the receiving path may be readily suppressed for avoiding cross modulation and the like. Furthermore, since the transmitting and receiving antennas need cover only the band widths of the transmitting band and the receiving band, respectively, the designing of the antennas for optimum performance is facilitated. Moreover, by including the receiving antenna m the swingable portion 107 of the housing which contains the microphone 109 and which, its operative position, is widely spaced from the transmitting antenna, cellular phones embodying this invention may be readily employed m digital cellular phone systems without the occurrence of puncturing audio noise. Although preferred embodiments of this invention and modifications thereof have been described m detail herein, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto, and that various changes and further modifications may be effected by one skilled m the art without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention as defined m the appended claims .

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS;
1. In a portable radio apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio waves m respective transmitting and receiving band widths, the combination of: a portable housing; circuit means m said housing for processing transmitted and received radio waves, respectively, and including means defining a transmitting path and a receiving path which are substantially spaced from each other withm said housing and exit from the latter at respective substantially spaced apart locations; and transmitting and receiving antennas mounted on said housing at said substantially spaced apart locations and being there connected with said transmitting and receiving paths, respectively, said transmitting and receiving antennas being configured for transmitting and receiving radio waves substantially only said transmitting and receiving band widths, respectively .
2. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 1; further comprising a loudspeaker and a microphone; and m which said housing includes a mam body portion containing said loudspeaker, and a swingable portion containing said microphone and pivoted m respect to said ma body portion for movement between a stowed position where said swingable portion lies substantially flat against said mam body portion and an operative position where said swingable portion extends from said ma body portion for disposing said microphone at a desired distance from said loudspeaker; and further m which one of said antennas extends from said mam body portion of the housing and the other of said antennas is included in said swingable portion of the housing for maximum spacing of said antennas from each other when said swingable portion is m said operative position thereof .
3. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 2 ; which said apparatus is for use m a digital cellular phone system; and m which said transmitting antenna is said one antenna extending from said mam body portion and said receiving antenna is said other antenna included m said swingable portion of the housing containing said microphone which is thereby substantially distanced from said transmitting antenna for discouraging signal leakage from said transmitting antenna to said microphone and consequent puncturing audio noise
4. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 3; which said mam body portion and said swingable portion of said housing are of a molded plastic material; and said receiving antenna includes a monopole rod antenna element of metal embedded m said plastic material of the swingable portion for strengthening the latter .
5. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 3; m which said transmitting antenna extends from said location at which said transmitting path exits from said body portion of the housing m a direction away from said location at which said receiving path exits from the mam body portion of said housing; and m which said swingable portion is pivoted about an axis passing through said location at which said receiving path exits from said mam body portion; and further m which said receiving antenna includes a monopole rod antenna element extending from said axis and having said microphone disposed beyond an end of said monopole rod antenna element which is remote from said axis for optimum spacing of said microphone from said transmitting antenna when said swingable portion of the housing s m said operative position.
6. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 5; which said receiving antenna further includes a helical antenna portion electrically connected to said end of the rod antenna element to provide said receiving antenna with an effective electrical length substantially greater than the physical length thereof .
7. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 6; m which said transmitting antenna is a monopole antenna extending fixedly from said mam body portion of the housing.
8. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 6; m which said transmitting antenna is a helical antenna extending fixedly from said mam body portion of the housing.
9. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 6; which said transmitting antenna includes a helical antenna element extending fixedly from said ma body portion of the housing and being continuously connected electrically with said circuit means, a rod antenna element extending m the direction of the axis of said helical antenna element and being movable relative to the latter between a retracted position, m which said rod antenna element is removed from withm said helical antenna element into the interior of said mam body portion of the housing, and an extended position, m which said rod antenna element extends through said helical antenna element to the exterior of said housing, and means for powering said rod antenna element with said helical antenna element when said rod antenna element is m said extended position so as to act principally as a radiator .
10. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 9; m which said rod antenna element is electromagnetically coupled with said helical antenna element when said extended position for achieving sa d powering of the rod antenna element .
11. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 9; m which said means for powering said rod antenna element provides an electrical connection between the latter and said circuit means when said rod antenna element is m said extended position.
12. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 2; which said mam body portion and said swingable portion of said housing are of a molded plastic material; and said other antenna includes a monopole rod antenna element of metal embedded m said plastic material of the swingable portion of said housing for strengthening the latter.
13. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 5; m which said transmitting antenna is a monopole antenna extending fixedly from said mam body portion of the housing.
14. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 5; m which said transmitting antenna is a helical antenna extending fixedly from said mam body portion of the housing.
15. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 5; m which said transmitting antenna includes a helical antenna element extending fixedly from said mam body portion of the housing and being continuously connected electrically with said circuit means, a rod antenna element extending m the direction of the axis of said helical antenna element and being movable relative to the latter between a retracted position, m which said rod antenna element is removed from withm said helical antenna element into the interior of said mam body portion of the housing, and an extended position, which said rod antenna element extends through said helical antenna element to the exterior of said housing, and means for powering said rod antenna element with said helical antenna element when said rod antenna element is m said extended position so as to act principally as a radiator.
16. A portable radio apparatus accordmg to claim 15; m which said rod antenna element is electromagnetically coupled with said helical antenna element when in said extended position for achieving said powering of the rod antenna element .
17. A portable radio apparatus according to claim 15; m which said means for powering said rod antenna element provides an electrical connection between said circuit means and said rod antenna element when the latter is in said extended position.
PCT/US1998/009645 1997-05-14 1998-05-11 Antenna arrangement for portable two-way radio apparatus WO1998052293A1 (en)

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