WO1998051115A2 - Method and apparatus for using the d channel for controlling the b channels in an isdn connection - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for using the d channel for controlling the b channels in an isdn connection Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1998051115A2
WO1998051115A2 PCT/SE1998/000823 SE9800823W WO9851115A2 WO 1998051115 A2 WO1998051115 A2 WO 1998051115A2 SE 9800823 W SE9800823 W SE 9800823W WO 9851115 A2 WO9851115 A2 WO 9851115A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
channel
channels
isdn
calls
connection
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE1998/000823
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO1998051115A3 (en
Inventor
Leif Abrahamsson
Original Assignee
Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)
Telia Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE9701715-6 priority Critical
Priority to SE9701715A priority patent/SE514331C2/en
Application filed by Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ), Telia Ab filed Critical Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)
Publication of WO1998051115A2 publication Critical patent/WO1998051115A2/en
Publication of WO1998051115A3 publication Critical patent/WO1998051115A3/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q11/00Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems
    • H04Q11/04Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems for time-division multiplexing
    • H04Q11/0428Integrated services digital network, i.e. systems for transmission of different types of digitised signals, e.g. speech, data, telecentral, television signals
    • H04Q11/0435Details
    • H04Q11/0471Terminal access circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q11/00Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems
    • H04Q11/04Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems for time-division multiplexing
    • H04Q11/0428Integrated services digital network, i.e. systems for transmission of different types of digitised signals, e.g. speech, data, telecentral, television signals
    • H04Q11/0435Details
    • H04Q11/0457Connection protocols

Abstract

A method and an apparatus are described which enable a connection with a variable bandwidth from a subscriber terminal in an Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) to a data network, such as the Internet. The D channel or one or both B channels may be used, and the bandwidth may be adjusted while the connection is maintained, by connecting and/or disconnecting channels, in dependence of the data traffic requirements and the need for the B channels for telephony purposes.

Description

METHOD AND DEVICE IN ISDN NETWORK

Technical Field

The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for data communication, and in particular to a method and an apparatus for allowing 128 kbit/s data traffic on an Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) connection.

Background

With the introduction of Internet-related services the use of telecommunications services has changed noticeably in recent years. The Public Services Telephone Network (PSTN) and ISDN lines are being used to an increasing degree for data communication, for example for interactive communication with the world wide web, or for downloading data files. On ordinary telephone lines, these operations may take several hours, during which the telephone lines will be occupied.

For large companies, dedicated leased lines constitute a flexible and cost effective solution to this problem. For smaller companies and for individuals this will not be feasible because of the relatively high cost. For these user categories, PSTN telephone lines or ISDN connections may be the only realistic solution.

An ISDN connection offers three channels on the same physical link: two circuit switched B channels of 64kbit/s each for dial-up access for data or speech connections and one packet switched D channel. The total bandwidth of the D channel is 16 kbit/s, but the effective capacity for control information or data is 9.6 kbit/s. A protocol known as LAPD (Link Access Procedure for D channel) is used for communication on the D channel.

If only one B channel is used for data communication, the free B channel may at the same time be used for incoming calls. This however, limits the available bandwidth for data traffic to 64 kbit/s. If both B channels are used for data communication, no incoming calls may be received. One solution to this problem is to forward incoming calls to another destination, typically the user's mobile telephone, when both B channels are being used for data communication. This solution requires an extra telephone subscription.

Summary of the Invention

It is an object of the present invention to allow users to use both B channels in an ISDN connection for data communication while still allowing them to accept incoming calls if desired without the need for another telephone subscription.

This object is achieved according to the invention by using the D channel for signalling purposes when using both B channels at the same time for data communication. Incoming calls may be registered on the D channel in the normal way, and may be handled in any of the following ways: - the calls may be put through to the subscriber by default

- the caller may get busy signal or be forwarded to an answering service

- the subscriber may have specified beforehand certain callers who are to be put through. The rest may then get line busy signal or be forwarded to an answering service. - the subscriber may be notified about each mcoming call, and for each call may decide whether or not he wishes to answer.

If a call is put through, one of the B-channels are temporarily disconnected from the data flow and used for a speech connection. If desired, both B-channels may be temporarily disconnected and only the D-channel used as a connection for data communication.

If the call is rejected, the caller may be allowed to leave a message, for example with voice mail. The solution according to the invention offers the following advantages to the end user:

- A flexible Internet search tool based on the standard ISDN interface, which may be implemented at a reasonable cost. - The user can control the quality of service by selecting the bandwidth of the IP channel.

- The full bandwidth of the ISDN subscription may be used for data traffic, while one or both 64 kbit/s lines are still continuously available for incoming telephone calls. - Ongoing data traffic will not be interrupted if an incoming call is answered. The traffic will, however, be slowed down while the call lasts.

- mcoming calls may be connected to an answering service for the ISDN connection.

Brief Description of the Drawings Figure 1 illustrates schematically the connection from the ISDN subscriber via the

ISDN network to the Internet according to the invention;

Figure 2 illustrates the connection from the ISDN subscriber via the ISDN network to the Internet in more detail;

Figure 3 is a flow chart of the actions required to install and activate the services according to the invention; and

Figure 4 is a flow chart of the actions required to connect to the Internet according to the invention.

Detailed Description of Embodiments Figure 1 shows an ISDN connection to a computer network for retrieving data according to the invention. In a preferred embodiment, the computer network is a network providing communications across multiple networks, commonly referred to as the Internet, but similar connections may be set up to any computer network- for example a network which allows an X.25 or Internet Protocol (IP) connection. An enhanced ISDN temiinal known as a PMMX (Personal Multimedia Exchange) 1 is connected to an ISDN exchange 3. The ISDN exchange is connected via an Internet access server 5 to the computer network 7. Other servers 9 are connected to the data network as well.

The PMMX is a workstation, a Personal Computer (PC) or a local router, configured as described in connection with Figure 3.

The PMMX does not have a fixed IP address, but obtains an IP address from the IP handler each time a connection is set up. The IP address is returned each time a connection is ended.

The PMMX contains a user interface for the handling of the three ISDN channels and for handling operation and maintenance functions in the network, and also contains functions for utilizing the Intemet Protocol (IP) interface included in the PC, workstation or router used.

A user may log in to the PMMX with a user identity and a password, or in any other way known in the art, for example with voice recognition.

Figure 2 shows the connection from a subscribers PMMX 1' to a data network, which in this embodiment in the Intemet 7' in more detail. As before, the PMMX is used to handle the two B channels and the D channel of an ISDN connection. The PMMX 1' is connected to an ISDN network 11, comprising at least one ISDN exchange.

The ISDN network 11 is in turn connected via a 2 Mbit/s PRI (Primary Rate

Interface) to an ISDN router 13 for connecting the two B channels to the Intemet 7'.

The ISDN network 11 is also connected via a PHI (Packet Handler Interface) to a packet handler 15, which may be an ordinary packet handler used as a gateway to an X.25 network 17. The packet handler is connected via an interface II to a D channel router 19 for connection to the Intemet T . The connection from the ISDN network 11 via the packet handler 15 and the D channel router 19 is used for the data transmission on the D channel. It will be obvious to the skilled person that the ISDN router and the D channel router may be implemented as one unit.

The ISDN router 13 and the D channel router 19 are connected via an Ethernet connection 21 to a router 23, which is connected to the data network 7', and connection means 25 for authentication of the user and activation of the IP address and other IP parameters. For an Intemet connection, the means 25 will comprise a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, a Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) and a Domain Name Server (DNS) 25.

The ISDN router 13, the D channel router 19, the router 23 and the connection means 25 constitute the Intemet packet handler IPH. For connection to another data network than the Intemet, the router 23 and the connection means 25 would have to be adapted to this kind of data network.

In this way, the D channel may be used as a permanent connection to any data network, for example, the Intemet. However, this channel is also needed to control the use of the two B channels. This is solved by utilizing the fact that the D channel is a packet switched channel, with a well defined protocol: the LAPD (Link Access Procedure for channel D). The ability to use the D channel for transfer of user data is defmed in the ISDN standard X.31.

The header information in each packet transmitted on the D channel includes, in the Service Access Point Identifier (SAPI) field, information about the type of information included, according to the LAPD protocol. Control information for the B channels is denoted "0" in the SAPI field. Data communication, for example with the Intemet, which should simply be transmitted through the ISDN exchanges, is denoted "16" in the SAPI field. In a preferred embodiment, the connection between the PMMX and the packet handler is set up by dialling the number of the packet handler. Then all packets intended for the packet handler are marked with " 16" in the SAPI field, so that they will be transmitted through the telephone network 11 directly to the packet handler.

In another embodiment, certain major networks, such as the Intemet, may be identified by individual digits in the LAPD protocol. For example, data packets intended for the Intemet might be identified by the digit "17", which is currently not used in the LAPD protocol. In this embodiment it would not be necessary establish a connection to a packet handler; all cells with the digit " 17" in the SAPI field would automatically be transmitted to the data network.

In this way, the channel may be used for data communication and then, when the need arises, for control information about the B channels, by including one or more data packets identified as intended for the switch, while still mamtaining the data connection to the Intemet, as shown in figure 1.

Figure 3 is a flow chart of the actions to be taken to install the PMMX software. Step 100: The ISDN terminal is installed and configured in the way common in the art.

Step 102: The additional software and hardware needed in the PMMX is installed.

Step 104: The PMMX monitor, which is the management application used to control the function of the ISDN is installed.

Figure 4 is a flowchart of the actions to be taken when a subscriber wishes to connect and log in to the Intemet according to the invention.

Step 110: The user initiates the connection to the Intemet Packet Handler (IPH). This will normally be done by clicking on an icon on the computer screen, or by entering a command through the user interface, which will initiate the dialling of the number to the packet handler.

Step 112: The connection procedure is performed over the D channel to the IPH using X.31 specifications.

Step 114: The user identifies himself by entering the appropriate user identity and password. The user identity and the password may be stored on any medium, such as a smart card or a data file, or it may be typed by the user.

Step 116: When the connection between the PMMX and the IPH has been set up, the control protocol negotiation will be performed to establish a connection of the desired bandwidth.

Step 118: User authentication is carried out by the connection means 25, based on the identification offered in step 114.

Step 120: The PMMX requests the necessary parameters. When connecting to an IP (Intemet Protocol) network, this request is based on the Request for Comment (RFC) concerning DHCP. At least the following parameters are requested and updated from the IPH-DHCP server:

- IP address - IP subnetmask

- Gateway IP address

- DNS address

Step 122: The PMMX prompts the user to enter the desired bandwidth of the connection. The bandwidth may be specified as 16 kbit/s (D channel only), 64 kbit/s (one B channel), 128 kbit/s (both B channels), or to be controlled by the PMMX according to the data flow at any moment.

Step 124 The user is also prompted to specify what should happen if a B channel used for data communication is at any time wanted for another connection, for example if the phone rings. The options may be, for example, to answer all calls, to reject all calls, answer only calls from certain specified numbers, or, for each mcoming call, to show the calling number on the screen and let the subscriber decide for each call.

Step 126: The connection between the PMMX and the data network is set up.

In step 116, the de facto standard protocol today for use together with the IP is Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). This also enables the authorization in step 118 to be carried out by the connection means 25.

When the 128 kbit/s connection has been set up, both B channels are occupied for the Intemet connection. If the subscriber wishes to use one B channel, for example to make a phone call or send a fax, he informs the PMMX about this, and the PMMX then makes one B channel available by disconnecting it from the data connection. The other B channel is still used for data communication.

If the subscriber wishes to use both B channel at the same time, he informs the PMMX about this, and the PMMX makes the other B channel available by disconnecting it from the data connection. The D channel is then used for data communication, to maintain the connection. In this way, the data connection is maintained even when both B channels are being used for other purposes.

The PMMX may be informed that the subscriber wants to use the B channels in different ways. The information may be entered via the user interface of the PMMX, or the subscriber may simply lift the handset of his telephone or dial a fax number. If an incoming call is received, it is handled as specified in step 124.

Claims

Claims
1. Method for sending and/or retrieving data using an ISDN connection comprising two circuit switched channels (B channels) and one packet switched channel (D channel), using an ISDN terminal for controlling the channels, characterized by the following steps:
- Using the D channel for controlling the B channels and for sending and/or receiving data, by means of the LAPD protocol
- Specifying the use of the channels via the ISDN terminal, according to one of the following:
- both B channels used for data communication
- one B channel used for data communication
- only D channel used for data communication
- D channel, one B channel or two B channels used for data communication, in dependence of the traffic and on any mcoming calls on the connection
2. Method according to claim 1, characterized by specifying for each mcoming call whether the call should be accepted or rejected and that a default way of handling mcoming calls is specified.
3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that for any mcoming call, the calling telephone number is displayed to the user before the action to be taken is determined.
4. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in specifying in advance the phone and/or fax numbers from which calls should be accepted or rejected, the ISDN terminal handling any mcoming calls according to this specification, and specifying a default way of handling incoming calls.
5. Apparatus for sending and/or retrieving data using an ISDN connection controlled by an ISDN terminal comprising two circuit switched channels (B channels) and one packet switched channel (D channel), in which an ISDN terminal is used for controlling the channels, characterized in that the ISDN terminal comprises - control software to allow the selection of the desired bandwidth by using the D channel, one B channel or both B channels respectively
6. Apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that the ISDN terminal comprises software which allows the user to specify for each mcoming call whether it should be accepted or rejected, and a default way of handling mcoming calls, and to handle mcoming calls accordingly.
7. Apparatus according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the ISDN terminal is adapted to display the calling telephone number of any incoming call to the subscriber and handle the call as specified.
8. Apparatus according to any one of the claims 5-7, characterized in that the ISDN terminal comprises software which allows the user to specify in advance the phone and/or fax numbers from which calls should be accepted or rejected, that that the ISDN terminal handles any mcoming calls according to this specification.
PCT/SE1998/000823 1997-05-07 1998-05-05 Method and apparatus for using the d channel for controlling the b channels in an isdn connection WO1998051115A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE9701715-6 1997-05-07
SE9701715A SE514331C2 (en) 1997-05-07 1997-05-07 Method and apparatus for obtaining dynamic bandwidth allocation by variable channel in ISDN

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU74613/98A AU7461398A (en) 1997-05-07 1998-05-05 Method and device in isdn network

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998051115A2 true WO1998051115A2 (en) 1998-11-12
WO1998051115A3 WO1998051115A3 (en) 1999-02-04

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Country Status (3)

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AU (1) AU7461398A (en)
SE (1) SE514331C2 (en)
WO (1) WO1998051115A2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0949843A2 (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-10-13 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Communication apparatus capable of communication with single partner using a plurality of communication channels, and control method thereof
WO2004023835A2 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-03-18 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and apparatus for call notification and delivery to busy mobile station
US7076519B1 (en) * 1999-09-14 2006-07-11 Nec Corporation Server-client type system and data downloading method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0496245A2 (en) * 1991-01-24 1992-07-29 Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd. Facsimile equipment having a telephone function
US5450402A (en) * 1993-04-02 1995-09-12 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Transmission control system in data terminal equipment
US5463629A (en) * 1992-07-13 1995-10-31 Ko; Cheng-Hsu Dynamic channel allocation method and system for integrated services digital network
US5572580A (en) * 1987-02-10 1996-11-05 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Communication apparatus with improved sub-address recall
US5574861A (en) * 1993-12-21 1996-11-12 Lorvig; Don Dynamic allocation of B-channels in ISDN
US5692130A (en) * 1992-01-14 1997-11-25 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Method for selectively using one or two communication channel by a transmitting data terminal based on data type and channel availability

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5572580A (en) * 1987-02-10 1996-11-05 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Communication apparatus with improved sub-address recall
EP0496245A2 (en) * 1991-01-24 1992-07-29 Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd. Facsimile equipment having a telephone function
US5692130A (en) * 1992-01-14 1997-11-25 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Method for selectively using one or two communication channel by a transmitting data terminal based on data type and channel availability
US5463629A (en) * 1992-07-13 1995-10-31 Ko; Cheng-Hsu Dynamic channel allocation method and system for integrated services digital network
US5450402A (en) * 1993-04-02 1995-09-12 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Transmission control system in data terminal equipment
US5574861A (en) * 1993-12-21 1996-11-12 Lorvig; Don Dynamic allocation of B-channels in ISDN

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0949843A2 (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-10-13 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Communication apparatus capable of communication with single partner using a plurality of communication channels, and control method thereof
EP0949843A3 (en) * 1998-04-08 2006-05-24 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Communication apparatus capable of communication with single partner using a plurality of communication channels, and control method thereof
US7076519B1 (en) * 1999-09-14 2006-07-11 Nec Corporation Server-client type system and data downloading method
WO2004023835A2 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-03-18 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and apparatus for call notification and delivery to busy mobile station
WO2004023835A3 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-11-04 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M Method and apparatus for call notification and delivery to busy mobile station

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO1998051115A3 (en) 1999-02-04
SE9701715D0 (en) 1997-05-07
SE9701715L (en) 1998-11-08
AU7461398A (en) 1998-11-27
SE514331C2 (en) 2001-02-12

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