WO1998030189A2 - Point-of-sale cosmetic formulation apparatus and method - Google Patents

Point-of-sale cosmetic formulation apparatus and method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1998030189A2
WO1998030189A2 PCT/US1998/000257 US9800257W WO9830189A2 WO 1998030189 A2 WO1998030189 A2 WO 1998030189A2 US 9800257 W US9800257 W US 9800257W WO 9830189 A2 WO9830189 A2 WO 9830189A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
base composition
individual
point
means
additive
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1998/000257
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO1998030189A3 (en
Inventor
Ernest G. Stewart
Original Assignee
Stewart Ernest G
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US78145597A priority Critical
Priority to US08/781,455 priority
Application filed by Stewart Ernest G filed Critical Stewart Ernest G
Publication of WO1998030189A2 publication Critical patent/WO1998030189A2/en
Publication of WO1998030189A3 publication Critical patent/WO1998030189A3/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F15/00123Controlling; Testing; Measuring
    • B01F15/00207Measuring properties of the mixtures, e.g. temperature, density, colour, vibration, noise
    • B01F15/0022Measuring concentration, pH, pOH, p(ION), oxygen-demand
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F13/00Other mixers; Mixing plant, including combinations of mixers, e.g. of dissimilar mixers
    • B01F13/10Mixing plant, including combinations of mixers, e.g. of dissimilar mixers
    • B01F13/1055Mixing plant with mixing receptacles receiving material dispended from several component receptacles, e.g. paint tins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F13/00Other mixers; Mixing plant, including combinations of mixers, e.g. of dissimilar mixers
    • B01F13/10Mixing plant, including combinations of mixers, e.g. of dissimilar mixers
    • B01F13/1055Mixing plant with mixing receptacles receiving material dispended from several component receptacles, e.g. paint tins
    • B01F13/1061Mixing plant with mixing receptacles receiving material dispended from several component receptacles, e.g. paint tins with means for customizing the mixture on the point of sale, e.g. by sensing, receiving, analysing information about the characteristics of the mixture to be made
    • B01F13/1063Mixing plant with mixing receptacles receiving material dispended from several component receptacles, e.g. paint tins with means for customizing the mixture on the point of sale, e.g. by sensing, receiving, analysing information about the characteristics of the mixture to be made using a computer for controlling information and converting it in a formula and a set of operation instructions, e.g. on the point of sale
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F15/02Feed or discharge mechanisms
    • B01F15/0201Feed mechanisms
    • B01F15/0227Feed mechanisms characterized by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F15/0237Feed mechanisms characterized by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using pistons, plungers, syringes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F15/04Forming a predetermined ratio of the substances to be mixed
    • B01F15/0408Adding a component to a mixture in response to a detected feature, e.g. density, radioactivity, consumed power, colour
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44DPAINTING OR ARTISTIC DRAWING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PRESERVING PAINTINGS; SURFACE TREATMENT TO OBTAIN SPECIAL ARTISTIC SURFACE EFFECTS OR FINISHES
    • B44D3/00Accessories or implements for use in connection with painting or artistic drawing, not otherwise provided for; Methods or devices for colour determination, selection, or synthesis, e.g. use of colour tables
    • B44D3/003Methods or devices for colour determination, selection or synthesis, e.g. use of colour tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F2215/00Auxiliary or complementary information in relation with mixing
    • B01F2215/0001Field of application of the mixing device
    • B01F2215/0031Mixing ingredients for cosmetic, perfume compositions

Abstract

An apparatus (10) and method for formulating a customized, point-of-sale cosmetic composition for a particular individual is disclosed. A base composition (12a-c) is supplied as well as one or more additives (12d-f) capable of changing properties of the base composition. Individual characteristics of the consumer are evaluated (36, 38, 40). The types and amounts of the additives (12d-f) to add to the base composition (12a-c) are determined (28) in order to render the base composition (12a-c) compatible with the individual characteristics of the consumer.

Description

POINT-OF-SALE COSMETIC FORMULATION APPARATUS AND METHOD

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to cosmetic compositions. More

particularly, the present invention relates to a point-of-sale apparatus for providing

a cosmetic composition which is customized to an individual's characteristics at

the point of sale and to a method for providing a customized point-of-sale cosmetic

composition.

Background of the Invention

Cosmetics are most frequently provided "over the counter" at drug stores

and department stores. Often, particularly at department stores, a salesperson will

assist the consumer in selecting a cosmetic suitable for the consumer's

characteristics. For example, the salesperson may note that the consumer has oily

skin and may, therefore, recommend a drying foundation for the consumer to

apply to his or her skin. As another example, the salesperson may recommend that

a fair skinned consumer purchase a particular shade of foundation or blush.

This technique relies on the salesperson's judgment, which may sometimes

be flawed or imperfect due to inexperience or haste, or, in the case of complexion

coloring, distorted by the store's lighting. Further, some stores, such as discount

STOTOTE SHEET (ME ?β) drug stores, may not be able to justify the expense of employing a salesperson to

give advise customers on cosmetic selections.

The term "cosmeceutical" is used herein to refer to a cosmetic that also

performs a pharmaceutical or medical function. For example, a face lotion may

include an anti-acne compound or a drying compound. If a cosmeceutical contains

a restricted compound, it may have to be prescribed by a medical doctor.

Cosmeceuticals may have to be specifically formulated to suit an individual's

dermatological condition. A typical department store salesperson may not have

the knowledge or experience to prepare or recommend cosmeceuticals.

Individuals often have particular conditions or circumstances which require

customized cosmeceutical compositions. For example, with the advent of the use

of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) to purportedly prevent wrinkling, an individual may

want a customized formulation containing AHA. Other conditions, such as skin

pH, skin oiliness, skin elasticity, dandruff, etc. may determine an individual's

cosmeceutical needs. Also, an individual may have an allergy to a commonly

included cosmetic ingredient, so they may require a customized formulation which

does not contain that ingredient. In another scenario, an individual may want to

create his or her own cosmeceutical containing, for example, a particular fragrance

or color.

The above needs and desires are not satisfied by any products or methods

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (fiϋLt 29) currently known. Presently available cosmetics and cosmeceuticals are not

customized to each individual's dermatological characteristics or sensory desires.

Further, there is no presently available method for providing a point-of-sale

customized cosmeceutical.

Heretofore there have been several efforts toward making an on-site

apparatus for formulating cosmetic and personal care products. U.S. Patent No.

5,163,010, entitled FORMULATING DEVICE FOR COSMETICALLY

FUNCTIONAL COSMETIC PRODUCTS which issued to G. J. Klein, et al.

relates to an apparatus for formulating a custom mixed hair treatment product,

such as a permanent wave solution, a hair conditioner, a shampoo, dye, or another

type of hair treatment compounds. While the Abstract and the Summary of the

Invention portions of the Klein et al. patent speak generically of "...an apparatus

for automatically formulating and dispensing a custom mixed cosmetic product at

the point of sale in response to input criteria based on the customer's specific

needs ... ", and while the patent specification says that "...the dispensing means

operates to automatically dispense pre-deterrnined amounts of the plurality of

cosmetically functional mixtures...", the actual disclosure within the specification

is limited to cosmetic products relating to hair care. Further, the Klein et al. patent

refers to the input of information regarding the customer's hair, but it describes no

means for either automatically or quantitatively deteπnining such inputs.

-3-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (ROLE 26) Thus, the Klein et al. patent refers solely to certain predetermined

qualitative criteria with respect to the hair. These include three categories —

namely hair damage, hair porosity, and hair diameter. With respect to hair

damage, the Klein et al. patent has four qualitative categories — namely,

"resistant", "normal", "tinted", or "bleached". With respect to hair porosity, the

Klein et al. patent refers to three qualitative categories — namely "low",

"medium", and "high". With respect to hair diameter, the Klein et al. patent refers

to three qualitative categories — namely "fine", "medium", and "coarse". While

there is no disclosure in the Klein et al. patent with respect to the manner in which

hair diameter is determined, the determination of hair damage is clearly

qualitative, and the determination of porosity is described to be made by the "feel

of the hair". Thus, the Klein et al. patent describes an apparatus and method

which is quite limited in scope in that it relates solely to hair treatment items and it

uses an entirely qualitative, rather than quantitative, approach. In fact, as

described in the Klein et al. patent, there are only thirty-six possible categories of

hair, made up of the four types of hair damage, the three types of hair porosity,

and the three types of hair diameter (i.e., 4 x 3 x 3 = 36). Accordingly, the

"custom" mixing which is described in the Klein et al. '010 patent is limited to

mixing thirty-six predetermined formulations.

SUBSTITUTE SHECT (RULE 28) U.S. Patent No. 4,160,271, entitled COSMETIC SELECTION AND

DISPLAY SYSTEM which issued to S. Grayson et al. on July 3, 1979 relates to an

apparatus for determining the cosmetic requirements of an individual. As used in

the Grayson et al. patent, the term "cosmetic" is used to refer to make up used for

either (1) skin coloring, such as makeup, foundation, face powder, lipstick, eye

shadow, and eye liner, or (2) skin preparation cosmetics, such as cleansers,

astringents, fresheners, emulsions, and creams. The invention described in the

Grayson et al. patent is a cosmetic analysis device which has a keyboard which is

used to input the skin characteristics of the customer. While there appears to be a

considerable amount of circuitry described in the Grayson et al. patent, the

analyzer unit described therein is essentially a qualitative unit, which raises a

series of questions to a user about the customer's skin coloring and characteristics.

These questions are answered by pressing various keys on the analyzer. The

output of the analyzer is used as an input to a skin color unit and a skin preparation

unit. These latter units are used to select pre-existing formulations. Thus, this

device has no any quantitative input, nor does it perform any type of point-of-sale

formulation.

U.S. Patent Nos. 5,311,293 and 5,313,267, each entitled METHOD AND

INSTRUMENT FOR SELECTING PERSONAL COMPATIBLE COLORS were

issued to D.S. MacFarlane, et als. on May 10, 1994 and May 17, 1994,

-5-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET PIE 26) respectively. Further, they appear to be related to U.S. Patent No. 4,909,632

which issued on March 20, 1990. These patents relate to an apparatus which can

be used to quantitatively determine a customer's skin color.

U.S. Patent No. 5,537,211 entitled METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR

SELECTING A WEARABLE TO MATCH AN OBJECT issued to O. E. Dial on

July 16, 1996 describes a device which can quantitatively determine a customer's

skin color. The device can then be used to match the customer's skin coloring to a

group of cosmetics whose colors have been previously stored. Thus, while this

device performs a quantitative color analysis, it is not used to formulate a

matching cosmetic at the point-of-sale. The disclosure of the Dial patent

incorporated herein, as it relates to a sensor which can be used with the present

invention.

The following patents, are also representative of efforts which have been

made to attempt to use an automated approach to assist customers in their selection

of cosmetics at the point-of-sale. U.S. Patent No. 4,232,334 entitled COSMETIC

APPARATUS AND METHOD issued to E. C. Dyson on November 4, 1980

relates to an apparatus which helps a customer select a make-up pattern which

matches her face.

U.S. Patent No. 5,168,320 entitled COLORIMETER issued to C. D. Lutz,

et al. on December 1, 1992. This patent relates to a colorimeter for measuring

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 2C) light color. The contents of the Lutz patent are incorporated herein as it shows one

type of sensor which can be used with the present invention.

Summary of the Invention

The apparatus of the present invention includes means for qualitatively and

quantitatively evaluating particular dermatological characteristics and sensory

desires of a particular individual at the point of sale of a customized cosmetic or

cosmeceutical composition. The apparatus includes means for determining which

of a number of additives to add to a base composition, and how much of the

selected additives to add to the base composition, so that the dermatological and

sensory properties of the customized composition will be compatible with the

dermatological characteristics of the particular individual for whom the

composition is being formulated.

In a preferred embodiment, the invention includes an evaluation means for

generating data relating to the individual's dermatological characteristics and

sensory desires. That data is input into a computer, such as a programmed digital

microcomputer. The computer is also told what type of cosmetic formulation is

desired, e.g., foundation base, eye shadow, etc. The computer then generates an

appropriate formulation for the customer.

While the data is collected from the customer at the point of sale, in various

-7-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 2S) embodiments of the invention, the actual formulation of the customized cosmetic

or cosmeceutical composition occurs either at the point of sale, or at a location

which is remote from the point of sale.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the apparatus is fully

automated, and the formulation occurs at the point of sale. In this embodiment

there are various receptacles containing base compositions and additives. They are

interconnected by a plurality of tubes, or other dispensing means, and there are a

number of computer controlled valves which lead from the receptacles into a

mixing pot.

The programmed computer controls the operation of the valves, determining

which, and how much, base composition to start with, and which and how much of

the additives to deliver to the mixing pot so as to appropriately modify the base

composition. The computer also controls the time, temperature, and other

parameters of the mixing process.

In other aspects of the invention, the formulation means is located at a

location which is remote from the evaluation means. Data collected by the

evaluation means is transferred via a communications channel to the formulation

means where the actual formulation takes place.

In yet another aspect of the invention, the evaluation means is used to

generate a formulation, and the actual formulating of the customized cosmetic is

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 2E) accomplished manually.

In another aspect, the present invention is a method for providing a point-

of-sale cosmeceutical or cosmetic composition that has been customized for an

individual's particular characteristics. The method includes the steps of supplying

a base composition and supplying at least one additive that can be added to the

base composition to modify at least one property of the base composition.

Another step of the present invention is qualitatively and quantitatively

determining the dermatological or sensory characteristics of the individual and the

amount and types of additives to add to the base composition to modify the base

composition in accordance with the needs and desires of the individual. Another

step of the invention is adding the selected additives to the base composition and

mixing the combination to form a homogenous customized composition.

Various means, which are known in the cosmetic and dermatological arts,

can be employed for qualitatively and quantitatively measuring skin and hair

parameters. For example, skin pH can be measured with pH surface electrodes,

and skin oiliness can be measured with tape strips, such as those sold as

SEBUTAPE™ by CuDerm Corp. of Texas.

The present invention provides an apparatus and method for supplying a

cosmetic or cosmeceutical composition which is based upon a quantitative and

qualitative evaluation of the customer which takes at the point of sale. The composition can be customized to be compatible with the consumer's particular

dermatological characteristics or to satisfy the consumer's sensory desires. Thus,

the invention offers the advantage of providing a cosmetic or cosmeceutical

composition that has been customized for the individual. The composition may be

formulated to be compatible with the individual's skin, for example, and it may be

formulated to avoid any allergenic ingredients.

The point-of-sale apparatus and method of the present invention can be

applied to formulating shampoo, foundation, blush, lipstick, lip gloss, soaps,

sunscreen lotions, and other cosmetics. Some of the various properties of these

cosmetics that can be altered include the oiliness, the pH, the addition of anti-

dandruff ingredients, the addition of anti-acne ingredients, the omission of

allergenic ingredients, and so on.

Additional advantages and novel features of the invention will be set forth,

in part, in the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment, and in

part they will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the

following detailed description, or they may be learned by the practice of the

invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and

attained by means of the processes and combinations particularly pointed out in

the appended claims.

-10-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (ROLE 26) Brief Description of the Drawings

In the Drawing:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an apparatus in accordance with the present

invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an alternative embodiment of the apparatus in

accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating the method of the present invention.

Detailed Description of the Exemplary Embodiment

Referring generally to FIG. 1, an apparatus 10 for formulating cosmetics in

accordance with the present invention is illustrated in schematic form. The

apparatus 10 includes several receptacles 12a, 12b, 12c, 12d, 12e, 12f, for holding

compositions A, B, C, D, E, and F, respectively. Some of the receptacles, e.g.,

receptacles 12a, 12b, 12c, may hold base compositions (A, B, C), while other

receptacles, e.g., receptacles 12d, 12e, 12f, may hold additives (D, E, F), which

are intended to be added to the base compositions (A, B, C). Those skilled in the

art will recognize that the schematic shown in FIG. 1 is intended to be illustrative

of the present invention, as there would, typically, be provision for many more

base and/or additive compositions than are illustrated in FIG. 1.

The apparatus 10 also includes at least one mixing pot 14. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the mixing pot 14 is connected to the receptacles

12a, 12b, 12c, 12d, 12e, 12f, by means of a plurality of tubes 16a, 16b, 16c, 16d,

16e, 16f, each of which is shown to have a remotely controlled valve, 18a, 18b,

18c, 18d, 18e, 18f, respectively, for controlling the delivery of the base

composition or additive from its respective receptacle, 12a, 12b, 12c, 12d, 12e,

12f, through one of the tubes 16a, 16b, 16c, 16d, 16e, 16f, and then into the

mixing pot 14.

The apparatus 10 further comprises a receiving vessel 20, which receives

the ingredients, through a tube 22, connected to the mixing pot 14. After the

ingredients have been mixed to homogeneity in the mixing pot 14, as will be more

fully described hereinafter, the microcomputer will cause a valve 24, in the tube

22, between the mixing pot 14 and the receiving vessel 20, to open, thereby

allowing the formulated mixture to flow to the receiving vessel 20 from the mixing

pot 14. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the operation of the valves,

18a, 18b, 18c, 18d, 18e, 18f, 24, is controlled by a valve controller 26 which is

connected to a microcomputer 28, via a control bus 30. The various valves, 18a,

18b, 18c, 18d, 18e, 18f, 24, are connected to the valve controller 26 by control

lines, 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d, 32e, 32f, 34, respectively, as illustrated.

As will be obvious to those skilled in the art, the dispensing of the

ingredients, as well as the dispensing of the resulting composition can all be

-12-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET^ULE 26) accomplished under the control of the microcomputer 28.

With continued reference to FIG. 1, the microcomputer 28 preferably

includes a keyboard 30 and a monitor 32. A point-of-sale terminal or a printer 35,

the use of which will be explained hereinafter, is also preferably connected to the

microcomputer 28. In addition, the apparatus 10 of the present invention can

optionally include several sensors, such as a pH sensor 36, a color sensor 38, and a

generic sensor 40, which may be used to sense other characteristics of the

individual for whom the formulation is being prepared. As used herein the term

"generic sensor" is intended to include any appropriate means for determining a

characteristic of interest, whether such means is currently available or becomes

available hereafter. Accordingly, it is the intent of that the apparatus 10 be capable

of sensing any characteristic of the individual for whom the formulation is being

prepared which is capable of such remote sensing.

The various sensors 36, 38, 40 are connected to the microcomputer 28 by

means of lines or busses 42, 44, 46, as shown. As will be obvious to those skilled

in the art, depending upon the specifics of the particular sensors 36, 38, 40, it may

be necessary to use an interface to connect the sensors 36, 38, 40 to the

microcomputer 28. As such interfaces can be built into the sensors 36, 38, 40, or,

optionally, installed within the microcomputer 28, they are not shown. Further, it

may be desirable to include specific types of lighting or filtered lighting in

-13-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET RULE 2β> association with light sensitive sensors, such as the color sensor 38.

The apparatus 10 also preferably includes a mixer controller 42, shown to

be associated with the mixing pot 14. The mixer controller 42 is connected to the

microcomputer 28 by means of a control line 48. The mixer controller 42 can

contain both temperature sensors and heater units, which can be used to sense and

control the temperature within the mixing pot 14. The mixer controller 42 can also

contain means for agitating the formulation contained within the mixing pot 14 and

for sensing the homogeneity of the resulting mixture. Feedback means may be

included in the mixer controller 42 whereby the microcomputer 28 can be used to

sense and control the temperature, mixing rate, and composition consistency

measurements from the mixing pot 14. The mixer controller 42 can also include

level sensors. Similar sensors can also be connected to the various receptacles

12a, 12b, 12c, 12d, 12e, 12f, in order to allow the microcomputer 28 to sense the

levels in the various receptacles, whereby the operator can be advised if a level is

either too low, or if there is insufficient material in a receptacle to generate the

desired amount of formulation.

While the apparatus 10 illustrated in FIG. 1 is shown to be gravity fed,

those skilled in the art will recognize that pressure feed devices, such as pumps or

injectors could also be used without departing from the inventive concept

described herein.

-14-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 20) In the operation of the invention, an individual who is seeking to purchase a

particular cosmetic could be tested using the sensors 36, 38, 40, in order to

quantitatively determine such characteristics as their skin pH (using pH sensor 36),

skin color (using color sensor 38), or other characteristics (using generic sensor

40). Alternatively, tests can be manually conducted, and their results can be input

into the computer 28 using the keyboard 30. Alternatively, a questionnaire can be

provided to the individual, either as a preprinted form, or on the monitor 32, or

printed out, using the printer 35. The answers provided, e.g., an allergy to a

particular base material or additive, can be entered into the computer using the

keyboard 30, and then the computer can determine the specific formulation

required by the individual. Once the formulation has been determined, the

computer 28 can proceed to dispense the materials from the receptacles 12, into

the mixing vessel 14, and ultimately into the dispensing vessel 20.

As will be recognized by those skilled in the art, the formulation generated

for the individual, as well as a sales invoice, can be printed out using the printer

35. Optionally, the computer 28, can be connected to a credit card scanner, or to

the store's main computer system for providing credit card verification, and the

usual point-of-sale information.

It will be clear to those skilled in the art that the invention is not intended to

be limited by the disclosure of six receptacles 12a, 12b, 12c, 12d, 12e, 12f. The

-15-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET <RULE 26) limit on the number of receptacles, and the limit on the number of mixing vessels

14, in FIG. 1, was solely for purposes of enhancing the clarity of the description.

In one embodiment of the invention, the apparatus 10 may provide means

for formulating a shampoo, a conditioner, and a shower gel. In such case, the

receptacles 12a, 12b, 12c for base compositions A, B, and C could include

amounts of the below Examples 1, 2, and 7. Additives contained in receptacles

12d, 12e, 12f could include lauramide DEA, water, NaCl and/or KC1, humectants,

conditioners, color, fragrance, moisturizer, aloe, silicones, gloss agents, vitamins,

panthenol, setting agents, antidandruff agents, oils, and/or protein.

In order to use the apparatus 10 to formulate a shampoo, the operator of the

apparatus 10 would input into the microcomputer 30 the cosmetic which was

desired. The operator would then input the results of the evaluation of the

consumer's personal desires (e.g., a favored fragrance), allergies, and the

quantitative information obtained from the manual and/or automatic testing which

was performed. The evaluation could include the hair pH and/or oiliness, the

presence of dandruff, the wave of the hair, any coloring desired, any fragrance

desired, and other characteristics. The microcomputer 28 would determine which,

and how much, of the available additives to add to the base composition, and it

would control the dispensing of the base composition and those additives to the

mixing pot 14. The microcomputer 28 would then control the mixing of the ingredients for a prescribed length of time sufficient to achieve homogeneity of the

mixture. Alternatively, a sensor could be used in the mixing pot 14 to determine

the mixing time based upon the consistency of the mixture. The mixture would

then be dispensed into the receiving vessel 20 for sale to the consumer.

Data Collection Remote from Cosmetic Formulation

While the present invention is primarily intended for use to formulate and

produce cosmetics at the point-of-sale, there may be situations in which it is

desirable to have the formulation performed at a site different from the site at

which the customer is located. By way of example, in a large department store, it

may be desirable to have multiple locations at which customer information can be

input into the system, while it may be desirable to have only a single location at

which cosmetics formulations are actually mixed and dispensed. Accordingly, in

an alternative embodiment of the invention, shown in FIG. 2, the control bus 30

and the control line 48 (of FIG. 1) could be replaced by a communications channel

31.

As used herein, the term "communications channel" is intended to include

any type of means for digital communication, including, but not limited to, a local

area network ("LAN"), a wide area network ("WAN"), a network of networks

(e.g., the Internet), modems, shipment of diskettes, faxing of custom formulations, or other means for providing commumcations. Thus, it is possible to use the

present invention, not only within a single location, such as a beauty salon or a

department store, but also in a system in which there are one or more data

collection means 35 which can placed in multiple stores which are remotely

located from a formulation location where the formulation means 33 could be

operated. In such situations, a customer could go to a store to order a cosmetic

having a custom formulation. The customer's data could be collected by the data

collection means 35 at one location, and the formulations could actually be

produced at a remote location for shipment to the customer. As will be recognized

by those skilled in the art, the data collection means could either transmit the

customer's data to the remote formulation location as the data is collected, or the

data could be stored locally and then transmitted to the formulation location. Such

transmission of data could be accomplished in any way in which data is generally

transmitted, including, but not limited to connection via a network, connection via

modems, shipment of media (such as a diskette) containing the data, or the faxing

of the printouts containing the formulations.

In those instances in which the actual mixing of the cosmetic is done at a

point which is remote from the customer's location, those skilled in the art will

recognize that the information needed to create the formula used for formulation is

still being done at the point of sale, e.g. , the customer's location. Referring to FIG. 3, it should also be obvious to those skilled in the art that

the present invention can be used in yet another manner in which the formulation

of the cosmetic takes place at a site remote from the customer. In certain

situations, it may be desirable to limit what takes place at the customer's location

to only the evaluation of the customer's characteristics. Thus, an evaluation means

137 can be comprised of a variety of sensors 136, 138, 140, which are connected

via lines 142, 144, 146, to a computer 128 having a keyboard 130, a monitor 132,

and a printer 135. The data from the evaluation means 137 can be transferred to

another computer 28, of the type heretofore described (with reference to FIG. 1)

via a communications channel 31, and formulation can be done at a remote site.

The embodiment shown in FIG. 3 is particularly well suited for situations in which

a large formulator is operating the system 10, while several small businesses

operate evaluation means 137 at remote locations.

Manual Formulation

As indicated above, with respect to FIG. 2, the formulation means 33 may

be separated from the evaluation means 37 while still using the evaluation means

37 to quantitatively identify the parameters which would make a particular

formulation uniquely suitable for a particular customer. Accordingly, it is within

the scope of the present invention to print out the formulation on the printer 35, or

-19-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 28) display it on the screen of the monitor 32, whereby a cosmetic could be manually

formulated pursuant to instructions provided by the computer 28.

Where manual formulation of the custom cosmetic is appropriate, one

would need to use only an evaluation system 137 of the type shown on the right

side of FIG. 3. The formula produced by the computer 128 could be printed out

on the printer 135 or on the monitor 132, and appropriate off the shelf base

compositions and additives could be used. For example, various additives could

be prepackaged in bottles, or sealed packages, or in ampoules, and they can be

hand mixed in accordance with instructions generated by the computer 128.

Powdered Formulations

In another aspect of the invention, there can be certain base materials, such

as powders, which are not susceptible to being dispensed from receptacles,

through tubes, as illustrated in FIG. 1. In accordance with an alternative

embodiment of the invention, the formulation would begin with the powder held in

an appropriate container into which the appropriate additives would be added. In

such instances, the mixing pot 14 and the receiving vessel 20 would be replaced by

the container holding the base powder which was selected, and the additives can

be added either manually or automatically. As will be obvious to those familiar

with powdered cosmetics, the particle size of the powder which is selected for use as the base material typically depends upon the pore size of the individual for

whom the cosmetic is being formulated.

Formulation Method

Referring now to FIG. 2, the foregoing method is illustrated in the form of a

flow chart 100. As shown, the steps which are performed in accordance with the

invention include the selection of a base composition 102, the evaluation and

quantification of specific physical characteristics of the individual 104, the

determination of specific consumer preferences and/or allergies 106, the

determination and quantification of the appropriate additives which must be added

to the base composition 108, the mixing of the composition 110, and the

dispensing of the mixed composition 112.

As will be recognized by those skilled in the art, several of the foregoing

steps can be performed in different orders than are illustrated in the flow chart 100

without departing from the invention. For example, steps 104 and 106 can be

interchanged. In addition, several steps involving the actual control of the

microcomputer 28 have been omitted for clarity, but those skilled in the art will

understand from the foregoing description, that they are present.

The present invention is applicable to a wide range of cosmetic and

cosmeceutical compositions. By way of manufact ing examples, which are

-21-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 2ι intended to be exemplary, but not limiting, the system and method are applicable

to the formulation of a shampoo, a hair conditioner, a sunscreen lotion, an alpha

hydroxy acid (AHA) lotion, an exfoliating gel, an antiperspirant stick, a shower

gel, a roll-on lip gloss, a lipstick, or a liquid makeup or foundation. The system

includes a base composition and one or more additives that are added to the base

composition to change selected properties of the base composition.

The base composition should be a standard or "neutral" composition,

meaning that it should include only the ingredients that are to be included in every

formulation of the composition. In other words, ingredients that will potentially be

added to modify properties of the base composition should not be included in the

base composition. For example, the base composition for most cosmetics should

not include a fragrance or color and should have a neutral pH and an oil content

that is below the desired oil content of most consumers. The base composition

preferably should not include any ingredients that are allergenic to some

individuals. The base composition should preferably be provided in a

concentrated form, so that it can be diluted with desired additives.

The invention further includes one or more additives to be added to the base

composition to change selected properties of the base composition. Typically,

these additives will be dissolved in a solvent, such as water, alcohol or an oil, and

the base composition will be diluted with the solvated additives. The additive(s) should be in a form which allows them to be blended homogeneously with the

base composition. Commonly used additives include pH adjusters such as acids

and bases, pH stabilizers such as buffers, oils, drying agents, anti-dandruff

ingredients, salts, colors, fragrances, moisturizers, gloss agents, vitamins, AHA,

sunscreen agents, insect repellents, exfoliates. However, the foregoing hst, while

illustrative, is not intended to be limiting.

The invention also includes means for evaluating the individual

characteristics of the consumer. For example, dermatological characteristics, such

as the consumer's skin or hair pH or oil content can be evaluated using chemical

and physical tests. Such tests can be used to, importantly, quantitatively measure

the individual characteristics of particular consumers.

pH surface electrodes are available that can be placed on the surface of the

skin to measure the individual's skin pH. Another method which may be used to

measure the overall skin pH of, for example the consumer's face, is to wash the

face with water, collect the water, and then measure the pH of the water. Note

that the skin should be cleansed before this method is used. In the present

invention, this characteristic can be measured and preferably input into the

computer. The pH of the hair can be measured by similar means and processes.

Skin hydration or dryness can be measured qualitatively and quantitatively

using a conductivity probe that attaches to the skin. The more moisture present,

-23-

UBSTTTHTE SHEET (RULE 26) the higher the conductivity. Another means which may be used to measure skin

dryness is a skin stripping tape which is apphed to the skin and then stripped off.

The tape is examined under a microscope where the quantity of removed skin cells

can be calculated. If the amount of skin cells is high, then the skin is generally dry

and extra moisturizer should be added to the formulation.

Another parameter that could be measured is the quality and quantity of the

skin's barrier function. The skin has a natural barrier made up of lipids which

prevent excessive moisture loss to the environment. Factors such as aging,

exposure to sunlight, and use of certain medicines can cause the natural barrier to

degrade. The barrier can be measured by performing a TEWL (trans epidermal

water loss) test such as with a SERVOMED™ instrument. If the barrier is

degraded, lipids such as EFAs (essential fatty acids) could be added to the base

formulation. Also, fiber forming polymers or more hydrophobic lipids such as

petrolatum could be included.

Skin oiliness can be assessed with means such as a tape strip which is

apphed to the skin. One such product is sold by CuDerm Corp. of Texas under the

trade name SEBUTAPE™. Similar means can be used to measure the oiliness of

the hair. If the customer's skin is oil-deficient, lipids can be added to the formulation or an additive which reduces sebum production, such as BIOPOL

OE™, sold by Brooks Industries, can be added. If the skin is too oily, oil absorbing polymers can be added to the formulation.

A visual evaluation can also be used for evaluating characteristics such as

skin color, dandruff, dry skin, and such. Furthermore, evaluation means can

include a questionnaire filled out by the consumer to evaluate allergies, body odor,

desired fragrances, and desired colors. The evaluation means can also include

taking into account a doctor's prescription for AHA, for example, or anti-acne

medication.

The results of the above evaluations can be input into a computer database

or maintained in hard copy. In the preferred embodiment, a vast array of

characteristics are evaluated so that the cosmeceutical can be formulated to the

individual's exact requirements.

The system further includes means for determining which additives to add

to the base composition and how much of the additives to add. In the preferred

embodiment, the system includes a microcomputer with associated software which

is used to determine the amount of those additives to add to a particular base

composition to make a particular cosmetic composition. The additive determining

means could alternatively comprise manual calculation of the types and amounts

of additives. Of course, the types of additives to add to the base composition will

depend upon the purpose of the cosmetic composition.

Particular embodiments of cosmetic compositions that can be formulated in

-25-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 20) accordance with the principles of the invention are put forth in the following

examples. In each Example, the base composition ingredients add up to less than

100% because the base composition should be diluted before use with water

and/or solvated additives.

Example 1 - Shampoo Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Ammonium Laureth Sulfate 30 Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate 20

Lauramide DEA 2

Deionized water 35

Preservative 1

Glycol Stearate 2

The pearlescent base of Example 1 provides excellent cleansing for people

who want a high foaming shampoo without color, fragrance or conditioning with

the addition of 10% water. After qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the

consumer, other ingredients could be added to suit the consumer's profile.

Additional ingredients include Lauramide DEA, water, NaCl, humectants,

conditioners, color, fragrance, moisturizers, aloe, silicones, gloss agents, vitamins,

Panthenol, setting agents and/or antidandruff agents, each of which could be added

as desired or required. The level of cleansing could be increased for oily hair.

Oils could be added for dry hair. Example 2 - Hair Conditioner Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Deionized Water 80

Stearalkonium Chloride 2 Glyceryl Stearate (and)

PEG- 100 Stearate 7

Preservative 1

The conditioning base of Example 2 provides excellent conditioning for

people who want a good wet dry comb without color, fragrance or conditioning

with the addition of 10% water. Additional protein, aloe, water, KCl, humectants,

conditioners, silicones, color, fragrance, moisturizers, vitamins, Panthenol, and/or

setting agents could be added as desired or required.

Example 3 - Sunscreen Lotion Base Composition

I Innggrreeddiieent % of final composition

Deionized Water 68.45

Propylene Glycol 2.00

Carbomer 0.30

Octyl methoxycinnamate 7.50

Oxybenzone 4.00

Hydrogenated Castor Oil 0.75

Octyl Palmitate 10.00

Cetearyl Alcohol

(and) Ceteareth-20 1.00

PVP/Eicosene Copolymer 3.50

DEA Cetyl Phosphate 1.50

Preservative 1.00

-27-

UBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 21 The sunscreen base of Example 3 provides excellent protection (SPF 15)

for people who want a good sunscreen without color or fragrance with the addition

of 10% water. Protein, water, anti-peeling agents, aloe, humectants, conditioners,

siUcones, color, fragrance, moisturizers, vitamins and/or Panthenol could be added

as desired or required.

Example 4 - AHA Lotion Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Deionized Water 46.35

Propylene Glycol 2.00

Xanthan 0.40

Magnesium Aluminum Silicate 2.00

Oxybenzone 4.00

Hydrogenated Castor Oil 0.75

Octyl Pa nitate 10.00

Cetearyl Alcohol

(and) Ceteareth-20 1.00

Glyceryl Stearate

(and) PEG- 100 Stearate 2.50

Deionized Water 10.00

Polyolprepolymer 5.00

AHA 5.00

Preservative 1.00

The AHA base of Example 4 provides excellent improvement in skin

turnover for people who want a good AHA cream/lotion without color or fragrance

with the addition of 10% water. Protein, water, aloe, humectants, conditioners,

silicones, color, fragrance, moisturizers, vitamins and/or Panthenol could be added

-28-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26] as desired or required. Additionally, more AHA and pH adjusters could be added

for those people who require such additives.

Example 5 - Exfoliating Gel Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Deionized Water 79.5

Carbomer 0.5

Propylene Glycol 2.5

Triethanolamine 99% 0.5

Glycereth-26 2.0

Witch Hazel 10.0

Polyethylene 3.0

Preservative 1.0

The exfoliating base of Example 5 effectively removes dead skin from the

face, elbows, knees or other areas without color or fragrance with the addition of

10% water. Protein, water, humectants, conditioners, aloe, silicones, color,

fragrance, moisturizers, vitamins and/or Panthenol could be added as desired or

required. Additionally, more exfohates could be added for those people who

require such additives.

Example 6 - Antiperspirant Stick Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Glyceryl Stearate

(and) PEG-100 Stearate 2 Stearyl Alcohol 20 Cyclomethicone 50 Aluminum Zirconium

Tetrachlorhydrex gly 20

The antiperspirant base of Example 6 provides effective sweat control

without color or fragrance with the addition of 10% cyclomethicone and heating or

melting to insure uniformity. Protein, water, humectants, aloe, conditioners,

silicones, fragrance, moisturizers, vitamins and/or Panthenol could be added as

desired or required.

Example 7 - Shower Gel Base Composition

I Lnnggπredient % of final 1 composition

Ammonium Laureth Sulfate 30

Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate 20

Cocamidopropyl Betaine 5

Lauramide DEA 35

Preservative 10

The clear gel base of Example 7 provides excellent cleansing for people

who want a high foaming shower gel without color, fragrance or conditioning with

the addition of 10% water. Additional Lauramide DEA, water, NaCl, humectants, conditioners, color, fragrance, moisturizers, aloe, silicones, gloss agents, vitamins

and/or Panthenol could be added as desired or required.

Example 8 - Roll-On Lip Gloss Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Polybutene 90

The lip gloss base of Example 8 provides excellent gloss for lips with the

addition of 10% polybutene. Conditioners, flavor, sunscreen, moisturizers,

sihcones, vitamins, Panthenol and/or aloe could be added as desired or required.

Example 9 - Lipstick Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Candelilla Wax 9

Microci stølline Wax 2

Dioctyl Sebacate 25

Castor oil 20

To the lipstick base composition of Example 9 would be added a mix of

castor oil and color as desired. Additionally, moisturizers, antioxidants, flavor,

aloe, vitamins, sunscreen and/or sihcones could be added as desired or required.

-31-

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (ML 26} Example 10 - Liquid Makeup/Foundation Base Composition

Ingredient % of final composition

Deionized Water 50.0

Xanthan Gum 0.4

Magnesium Aluminum Silicate 2.0 Butylene Glycol 5.0 Stearic Acid 3.0

Isopropyl Isostearate 10.0 Glyceryl Stearate

(and) PEG- 100 Stearate 2.5 Mineral Oil 5.0

Triethanolamine 99% 1.0

Preservative 1.0

The liquid makeup base composition of Example 10 is a good base suitable

for the inclusion of humectants, vitamins, antioxidants, sunscreen, pigments, aloe,

and/or fragrance as desired or required.

The foregoing description of preferred embodiments of the invention has

been presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be

exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. As will be

obvious to those skilled in the art, many modifications and variations are possible

in light of the above teachings. It is intended that the scope of the invention be

defined by the Claims appended hereto.

Claims

ClaimsWhat is claimed is:
1. A point-of-sale apparatus for providing a cosmetic composition
customized for an individual's characteristics, comprising:
(a) means for evaluating at least one particular characteristic of the
individual;
(b) means for holding at least one base composition having at least one
property;
(c) means for holding at least one additive capable of changing said at
least one property of said base composition; and
(d) means for determining the amount of said at least one additive to add
to said at least one base composition to change said at least one property of said
base composition so that said changed base composition is compatible with the
individual's at least one particular characteristic.
2. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said at least one
property of said base composition is its pH and the characteristic of the individual
is his or her skin pH, and wherein said at least one additive is a pH adjuster.
3. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 2 wherein said means for
evaluating is a pH surface electrode placed on the individual's skin.
4. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said means for
determining includes a programmed digital computer which is mnning computer
software programmed to receive the results from said evaluation means and
calculate the type and amount of said at least one additive to add to said base
composition to render said base composition compatible with the individual's
characteristic.
5. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said at least one
property of said base composition is its oil content and the characteristic of the
individual is his or her skin or hair oiliness, wherein said at least one additive is an
oil or drying agent, and wherein said evaluation means quantitatively determines
the oiliness of said individual's hair or skin.
6. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said means for
determining is a programmed digital computer which is runriing computer software
and said evaluation means generates quantitative data that is input into said
programmed digital computer.
7. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said means for
evaluating is located at a location which is remote from said means for
deteπnining, and said apparatus further comprises a communications channel
between said means for evaluating and said means for determining.
8. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 7 wherein said communications
channel is comprised of a local area network.
9. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 7 wherein said communications
channel is comprised of a wide area network.
10. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 7 wherein said communications
channel is comprised of a network of networks.
11. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 7 wherein said commumcations
channel is comprised of a telephone network.
12. The point-of-sale apparatus of Claim 11 wherein said
communications channel makes use of facsimile transmission over said telephone
network.
13. A method for providing a point-of-sale cosmetic composition
customized for an individual, comprising the steps of:
(a) supplying a base composition having dermatological properties;
(b) supplying at least one additive for adding to said base composition
for modifying said dermatological properties of said base composition;
(c) evaluating and quantifying physical characteristics of the individual
which are capable of being affected by said cosmetic composition;
(d) deterrnining the amount of said at least one additive to add to said
base composition to provide a final cosmetic composition compatible with the
characteristics of the individual;
(e) adding said determined amount of said additive to said base
composition; and
(f) mixing said additive with said base composition to form a
homogenized, customized cosmetic composition.
14. The method of Claim 13 wherein a programmed digital computer
which is running computer software is input with the quantitative physical
characteristic data about said individual and determines the amount of said at least
one additive to add to said base composition to provide a cosmetic composition
compatible with the characteristics of the individual.
15. The method of Claim 14 wherein said programmed digital computer
which is ranning computer software further controls the addition and mixing of
said at least one additive to said base composition.
16. An apparatus for formulating a point-of-sale customized cosmetic,
comprising:
(a) at least one receptacle containing a base composition;
(b) at least one receptacle containing an additive capable of changing at
least one property of said base composition;
(c) a mixing pot for receiving a portion of said base composition and a
portion of said additive;
(d) at least one valve for controlling addition of said base composition
and said additive to said mixing pot; and
(e) a microcomputer for controlling said at least one valve,
wherein said microcomputer is input with information regarding
characteristics of the individual and determines the amount of said at least one
additive to add to said base composition to prepare a cosmetic composition
compatible with the individual's characteristic.
PCT/US1998/000257 1997-01-10 1998-01-09 Point-of-sale cosmetic formulation apparatus and method WO1998030189A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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US08/781,455 1997-01-10

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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