WO1998025494A1 - Active anatomical and physiological insole for active and passive self-lengthening effects on the foot and its arch while walking or running - Google Patents

Active anatomical and physiological insole for active and passive self-lengthening effects on the foot and its arch while walking or running

Info

Publication number
WO1998025494A1
WO1998025494A1 PCT/FR1997/002235 FR9702235W WO9825494A1 WO 1998025494 A1 WO1998025494 A1 WO 1998025494A1 FR 9702235 W FR9702235 W FR 9702235W WO 9825494 A1 WO9825494 A1 WO 9825494A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
arch
foot
sole
base
transverse
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FR1997/002235
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Thierry Buand
Original Assignee
Thierry Buand
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/141Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form having an anatomical or curved form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B17/00Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined
    • A43B17/02Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined wedge-like or resilient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B17/00Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined
    • A43B17/14Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined made of sponge, rubber, or plastic materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1425Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the ball of the foot, i.e. the joint between the first metatarsal and first phalange
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1435Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the joint between the fifth phalange and the fifth metatarsal bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/144Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the heel, i.e. the calcaneus bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1455Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form with special properties
    • A43B7/146Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form with special properties provided with acupressure points or means for footmassage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/22Footwear with fixed flat-foot insertions, metatarsal supports, ankle flaps, or the like

Abstract

The invention concerns an anatomical and physiological insole which, by its particular shape, plays an active part on the user and his feet while he is walking or running. This sock lining or insole is characterised in that it consists of three flexible damping pads (1, 2, 3) in its lower part (6) and its globally convex upper part (7) follows the three axes of the foot (A, B, C) corresponding to the arches: Internal (I) External (E) and Transversal (T). On account of the relative consistency of thickness of the insole, its base (6) will be hollowed out (5) (concave below) in particular relieving (figure 5). The invention is mainly applicable for conforming to the anatomy of the user and for seeking mobilisation, self-lengthening (elongation) while walking or running.

Description

anatomicophysiological running sole allowing to autoélongation activo-passive effects on the foot and the arch during walking or running.

We know that most conventional say females are built or performed only to respect the anatomy, ie forms of the inner arch of the foot and avoid any r collapse of a segment during operation or setting load, but still there are many gaps anatomically, ie that there is no support from the outer arch and cross vault, and secondly, there no effect permanent or not arch stretching during operation, ie the shape of the foot and the arch remains the same in the shoe and there is no mobilization. The position itself of this sole is 10 negative and suitable in particular sprains by the absence of external vault. secondly, this type of sole has no active role, it is merely passive.

The invention. accordingly, designed in particular to provide a sole of a new type that better that to date the various requirements of practice and, in particular, presents a structural form that fully respects the anatomy of the arch and

15 moreover we say three arches (internal, external and transverse) during walking or running of the user

But also brings a major role, ie which allows autoélongalion arch during walking and relaxation of this arch when the foot is in shock.

This sole or first will be able to move with the weight of the person on the sole n

Overall we will have two types of advantages, the first called "anatomical advantage" bring pressure distribution on the three support points of the foot with amortization of shocks. We will also have a respect of the three internal arches, external and cross An excellent reappearance pressure on the first and cxccllcnicnic orientation of the foot 5 in the shoe We also have so-called benefits "physiological" that will result due to the dynamics of in base load, we have a musculo-ligamentous stretching of three vaults by an elongation of the rear forward and transverse (prevention of hollow feet, prevention of contractures, sprains, bow legs, etc.).

Still in charge, we will have a foot massage with improved flow back and then we'll have a shock absorption (the first case, a bit like a leaf springs).

Also in the physiological benefits, but relieved, therefore walk in the air, we will have a prevention by active back flat feet helped vault into position and we resituate the muscolo ligament system in its ideal position with respect for the three arches.

The first, according to the invention is characterized in that it consists, preferably, in a single part or piece having shapes of faces quite different but therefore of substantial importance in the role one wants to give this first.

Indeed, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the base of the first in which the latter will rest on the spine of the shoe is concave down and rest on the same hard surface preferably by three points represent the three points of normal pressure of the foot on the ground, namely the base of the first meta, the base of the fifth metatarsal and heel.

One can compare this architectural form to the Arche de la Défense well known. The three pillars, of course, being the heel, a first-meta and base of the fifth meta and that ark will be our first leave a space between the bottom and the base of the shoe.

The shape of the first will be determined by the anatomy of the arch. Indeed, let us rely primarily on five anatomical points.

The first point is the positioning of the heel on that first. The heel being by itself convex bottom, we will make a top concave anatomical portion to conform better to the heel.

On the other hand, we know that the inner arch of the foot is concave down, and we will give an internal anatomical shape of this first having a convex shape on top. We also know that the outer arch of the foot is concave, as this is often forgotten. So our first also represent a convex shape up to fit best this concavity down the external vault.

You should know, anatomically speaking, the inner arch is higher, it is true that the external vault and we reproduce this difference in our first.

The fourth anatomical point is the transverse arch going from the metatarsal fifth metatarsal.

In a common way, there on all raw concavity upwards.

However, it is difficult to explain while our transverse arch of the forefoot is concave at the bottom. It is therefore imperative, in order to marry the best this concavity looking down having a first convex top.

Finally, to support the most of our toes, which themselves are rather convex down, we reproduce a support for concave toes up.

It is thanks to this globally convex top of the first that we will deduct an active phenomenon. Indeed, because of the convexity of the first, we will have a space between it and the base of the shoe.

So just create a global extension of the first releasing one of the two sides for a stretch. As desired by the stretch we must be forward, we will tend to lock the heel as a fixed point so that the first hunting ahead. Of course, the first to be designed to fill the entire area of ​​the base of the support shoe. While in the first discharge has to be smaller in length and also transversely knowing that our first will lie back to front, but also fan on the front foot, through our transverse arch.

So we wrote a coherent whole that will include three damping pads and strategically located in the three main points of support of the foot that are themselves vibration and also we have developed a mobile artificial arch respecting the anatomy of the face bottom of the foot, and in doing so provides a breakdown of exemplary pressure unlike a lot of shoes and insoles and we will also respect the physiology of the foot that will lengthen slightly when the subject will be in charge and bring undeniable advantages. Contrary to what can happen in a lot of shoes, that is, for example, breach of the external arch that tends to déjeter the foot inwards, ie create a favorable reversal of foot the phenomenon sprains.

Being slightly elevate the outside and underside of the foot we protect the external ligaments whose frequency sprains or strains is increasing day by day.

On the other hand, we respect a breakdown of the entire arch pressures, we respect the transverse arch of the forefoot that is never satisfied and we avoid crushing of the architecture of the foot, as in a traditional shoe we have three fixed points: one on the back, two on the front and when the subject starts to charge any of the two points before or back can not move, it's the middle of the arch tends to sag of a antiphysiologique way.

Thus, the advantage of this physiological system anatomically described and physiologically is very important especially in children. Indeed, we will have two results when the subject will be in charge there will be a musculoskeletal légamentaire stretching the vault or rather the three arches by lengthening the back forward and cross, which tends to prevent foot hollow because we will tend to lengthen the arch, also prevention of contractures.

Compared to traditional insoles, ours is higher particularly at its outer edge which has very significant benefits (anti-sprain, anti bowlegged = genu - varum) and even affect the back will surely be beneficial.

a foot massage There will also be improved with the return circulation and also shock absorption, because the first will work much like a leaf spring and cushion. This is a contact plate.

Landfilled, when the foot is in the process of elevation, weightless, we will have a prevention of flat feet helped by active return of artificial vault into position. Our first walk will help to re-dig themselves slightly and thus avoid flat feet and will also reposition the musculo-ligamentous system in its ideal position with respect of the three arches. In terms of sweating or perspiration, such a system will create an air flow which will tend to dry the wet parts whereupon we put an adjuvant between the base of the shoe and the first or the is carried out an air inlet port which will tend to be sucked and discharged to the inside of the shoe, thanks to the small holes in the sole to the foot.

The sole according to the invention is therefore able to perform the functions imposed. Namely, a perfect support, pressure distribution at the arch and foot as a whole, this in a quite passive and a key active role on both the lower concavity of the base of the sole active . The active part will be longitudinal and transverse. So when the subject is going to work the weight of the body or the pressure voluntarily or not this first will tend to limit the vacuum concavity this if not to exclude it altogether.

Thus, the ends of this concavity, forward and back, will move away laterally and also causing thereby stretching the portion supported by the first.

Thus, we can say that the arch will make a self-longitudinal and transverse stretching with a stretch of three arches.

It is also conceivable that the active role of the sole will also enable active use of it rather than passive, ie the subject will make pressure pressure exercises on the sole that will create a autoélongation , a stretch of its arch.

All these achievements tend to chill the bones of the foot and the arch. therefore joint decompression, decompression of neurovascular bundles and of course muscle stretching too often contracted there. Other features of the invention are further highlighted in the following description with respect to the accompanying drawings, which, description and drawings are of course given only as an indication. Figure 1 is a schematic view quite willing to compare our system with an arch like the Ark of Defense in Paris. Three posts being our fulcrum of the first at the heel, base of the first metatarsal and base of the fifth metatarsal and the generally convex shape at the top of the set that best meet the arches, internal, external and cross, knowing that even when actually the outer and transverse arch is less high than the inner arch relative to the base.

Figure 2 shows a profile foot and represents the three arches of our arch.

Figure 3 is a bottom view of our first or sole to visualize damping pads that will have our vibration role. Figure 4 is a schematic and rather than for our first showing various forms of it.

5 is a profile view of our first at the inner arch.

6 is a profile view of our first at the external vault.

Figure 7 is a section at the transverse arch (anterior view). Proposing, for example, provide a sole or first anatomophysiological accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention a concave base is will it contain the bottom or lower side (6), a convex upper bearing surface (7), a portion corresponding to the heel (9) and the toes (10).

A space between the underside of the first (6) and the base (8) of the shoe. This space (5) will be higher at the inner arch (I) of the outer arch (E).

The three vaults are schematically represented by three axes:

(A) axis of the inner arch,

(B) axis of the outer arch,

(C) axis of the transverse arch. This lower face (6) may be formed as follows: starting from the rear, we will immediately find a damping pad in the heel. Then the bottom hand up and forward. Arrival to the highest of our internal vault item (I) the underside, always concave descends downwards and back to the base of our first metatarsal, under which there is also a damping pad. The bottom face (6) serves as a resting point then for the toes.

The shape at the underside (6) of this first level of the external vault is identical but different in proportion as the space (5) between our first, particularly at its outer arch (E) and the base (8) is lower. We also find a cushioning pad (3) at the base of the fifth metatarsal.

The result must, in all cases, sagging of the first that can make it active and, secondly, no less importantly provides maximum comfort by obtaining a flexibility of this first and also a permanent contact. This is all the more important that its implementation will preferably be in a nice material but still having a certain rigidity in order to have our return to concavity.

It can be performed in particular of plastic, polyurethane foam, injected or molded composite materials, any material allowing a return of the first in its initial position and providing comfort.

Extending this first must make Posteroanterior way and if we are to avoid inhibition of the system must of course be provided not to block this first in the shoe and ensure that it is mobile.

One can possibly imagine our first performed in several materials. It is necessary that the two longitudinal and lateral extremes recede upon collapse of this concavity.

One can imagine that our first be drilled with holes to create a breakdown of our space (5) at the top of our first, small channels, which we call (11). We thus obtain a sole that anatomophysiological has many advantages, the main ones summarized below.

The main advantage of this first one is not found also is that active traction allowing autoélongation and a lower foot stretch. This stretching is achieved in digging or concavity of the base (6) of our first. Concavity facing downwards and of which the lateral and anterior flanges remain free. Technically, it would be possible, instead of having a first so-called "clean", to create an insole and that this system is included in the base of the shoe (8) rather than at the surface.

The benefits anatomically are: - pressure distribution on the three support points of the foot, with shock absorption through three damping pads (1, 2, 3). compliance with the three inner arches (I) external (E) Transverse (T). Physiologically, as we have explained, landfill we will have a musculoligamentaire stretch of three arches with the increase in back to front and transverse arch.

We will get a foot massage with improved circulation of return, shock absorption, Sweat aspect, anti-sweating.

In discharge, rest of the vault and return to its original position.

Thus, an essential task is obtained from autoélongation which itself has huge implications for disease problems in a subject, namely bone decompression, musculo-ligamentous decompression, decompression of the neurovascular bundles, limiting any circulatory problem, improvement traffic back massage by a heel to the forefoot, adequate and balanced muscle stretching.

Sole contact which distributes the best pressure, shock absorption, thanks to three damping pads 1, 2, 3), shock absorption due to the shape of the first acts as a leaf spring, improving sports skills, because the a better relaxation is obtained.

Moreover, as explained above, this concavity allows absolute comfort, ie brings flexibility to the system, for its realization, tends to be slightly stiff.

We also will avoid the problems of sprains, repeated by a raised external arch which tends to shorten the lateral collateral ligament often attacked and rightly too stretched. This first be carried out in a one piece, rather polyurethane injection, foam, or plastic which will respond to a suitable aging, i.e. that piece will regain its original shape as soon as it is no longer supported and this for the longest time possible. The purpose of this first obtained its multiple can be used at the stage of the march, then dress shoes, sports, hiking, biking, skiing or whatever.

As is evident and as it follows moreover from the above, the invention is not limited to those of its modes of application, not to those of its embodiments of its various parties was specifically mentioned, it embraces, on the contrary, all variants.

Claims

° insole or sock or assembly used to obtain a longitudinal and transverse autoélongation support characterized in that it comprises a concave base (6) facing downward and in that it is supported by points rear contact and back in at least the latter are free so that this sole discharge will shrink due to its complete freedom of movement thereby providing a space (5).
Sole or first anatomicophysiological according to claim 1 characterized in that the transverse concavity is such that the sole is wider in particular on the front support by crushing space (5).
° - anatomicophysiological sole according to claims 1 and 2 characterized in that the latter rests 3 points on its underside represented by three damping pads (1, 2, 3)
(Talon base of the first metatarsal, the fifth metatarsal base).
° anatomicophysiological sole according to claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the heel is secured to the support (8) to guide the forward movement, we have an overall elongation of the sole forward with removal of two longitudinal opposite sides of the first.
° anatomicophysiological sole according to any one of claims 1 to 4 characterized in that the upper part thereof (7) conforms more anatomically the underside of the foot including: a rear part (9) rather concave corresponding high heel same for the front toes (10) and convex rather in vaults Internal, External and Transversal.
° anatomicophysiological sole according to any one of claims 1 to 5 characterized in that it is for several qualities including more flexible flexibility in depreciation pads (1, 2, 3) and more rigid to the body of the first to get a good return in landfills. ° - anatomicophysiological sole according to any one of claims 1 to 6 characterized in that it is installed in series or added later, removable or fixed.
anatomicophysiological sole according to any one of claims 1 to 7 characterized in that the air circulation channels (11) are arranged to drive air from the space (5) in charge.
9 ° - sole or first anatomicophysiological according to any one of claims 1 to 8 characterized in that it is covered on its upper side (7) of a fabric style or leather material comfortable for the foot.
PCT/FR1997/002235 1996-12-12 1997-12-09 Active anatomical and physiological insole for active and passive self-lengthening effects on the foot and its arch while walking or running WO1998025494A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR96/15475 1996-12-12
FR9615475A FR2757024B1 (en) 1996-12-12 1996-12-12 anatomicophysiological running sole allowing to autoelongation activo-passive effects on the foot and the arch during walking or running

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998025494A1 true true WO1998025494A1 (en) 1998-06-18

Family

ID=9498742

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FR1997/002235 WO1998025494A1 (en) 1996-12-12 1997-12-09 Active anatomical and physiological insole for active and passive self-lengthening effects on the foot and its arch while walking or running

Country Status (2)

Country Link
FR (1) FR2757024B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1998025494A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2213189A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-04 Lotto Sport Italia S.p.A. Footwear with a concave profile in the front part and a mould for making such footwear

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20307645U1 (en) * 2003-05-09 2003-07-24 Geiger Marco shoe
CN104602560B (en) * 2012-07-26 2017-03-08 内田贩卖系统有限会社 Shoes and shoe piece

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3550597A (en) * 1968-10-18 1970-12-29 Spring Tred Inc Foot supporting and corrective device
DE2750104A1 (en) * 1977-11-09 1979-05-10 Franz Dyck Fussgold Gmbh & Co Spring metal plate shoe insole - is plastics covered with rough surface on top, and has locating peg at heel
US4216778A (en) * 1978-03-22 1980-08-12 Weiss Dennis H Orthopedic appliance
EP0059660A1 (en) * 1981-02-20 1982-09-08 B.N.C. Globe Trotter Shoe
DE3506809A1 (en) * 1985-02-27 1986-09-04 Manfred Koch Shoe insert

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3550597A (en) * 1968-10-18 1970-12-29 Spring Tred Inc Foot supporting and corrective device
DE2750104A1 (en) * 1977-11-09 1979-05-10 Franz Dyck Fussgold Gmbh & Co Spring metal plate shoe insole - is plastics covered with rough surface on top, and has locating peg at heel
US4216778A (en) * 1978-03-22 1980-08-12 Weiss Dennis H Orthopedic appliance
EP0059660A1 (en) * 1981-02-20 1982-09-08 B.N.C. Globe Trotter Shoe
DE3506809A1 (en) * 1985-02-27 1986-09-04 Manfred Koch Shoe insert

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2213189A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-04 Lotto Sport Italia S.p.A. Footwear with a concave profile in the front part and a mould for making such footwear

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2757024B1 (en) 1999-03-19 grant
FR2757024A1 (en) 1998-06-19 application

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