WO1998022639A1 - Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating - Google Patents

Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating

Info

Publication number
WO1998022639A1
WO1998022639A1 PCT/RU1997/000332 RU9700332W WO1998022639A1 WO 1998022639 A1 WO1998022639 A1 WO 1998022639A1 RU 9700332 W RU9700332 W RU 9700332W WO 1998022639 A1 WO1998022639 A1 WO 1998022639A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
nozzle
powder
supersonic
feeder
gas
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/RU1997/000332
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Alexandr Ivanovich Kashirin
Oleg Fedorovich Kljuev
Timur Valerievich Buzdygar
Original Assignee
O.O.O. Obninsky Tsentr Poroshkovogo Napylenia
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/14Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas designed for spraying particulate materials
    • B05B7/1404Arrangements for supplying particulate material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/16Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed
    • B05B7/1606Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air
    • B05B7/1613Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air comprising means for heating the atomising fluid before mixing with the material to be sprayed
    • B05B7/162Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air comprising means for heating the atomising fluid before mixing with the material to be sprayed and heat being transferred from the atomising fluid to the material to be sprayed
    • B05B7/1626Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air comprising means for heating the atomising fluid before mixing with the material to be sprayed and heat being transferred from the atomising fluid to the material to be sprayed at the moment of mixing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C24/00Coating starting from inorganic powder
    • C23C24/02Coating starting from inorganic powder by application of pressure only
    • C23C24/04Impact or kinetic deposition of particles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C4/00Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge
    • C23C4/12Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge characterised by the method of spraying

Abstract

The apparatus is comprised of a compressed air source which is connected by a gas conduit to a heating unit whose outlet is connected to a supersonic nozzle inlet in which a supersonic portion is connected by a conduit to a powder feeder. Compressed air of pressure P0 from the compressed air source by the gas conduit is delivered to the heating unit to be heated to the required temperature. The heated air enters the supersonic nozzle in which it is accelerated to a speed of several hundred meters per second. The powdered material is passed from the powder feeder by the powder feeding conduit to the supersonic nozzle portion in which it is accelerated by the air flow at section of the nozzle from the injection point to the nozzle outlet.

Description

Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating

Area of technology The present invention relates to apparatuses for gas-dynamic spraying of powder materials and may be used in machine building and other industries for producing coatings imparting different properties to the surfaces being worked .

Background of the Invention

Protection of structures, equipment, machinery and mechanisms from corrosion and effects of corrosive med ia, enhancing characteristics of materials, in particular, production of materials with specified properties and development of relevant resource-saving technologies present scientific and engineering challenges which have major practical significance.

These problems are solved by different methods, among them methods of gas-dynamic spraying of powder coatings which are based on that a powder material is injected in a gas flow and the resulting gas- powder mixture for coating is accelerated to supersonic speed [RU 161 8782, RU 1618778]. To increase the powder utilization factor and the quality of spraying, prior to feeding to the supersonic nozzle the gas- powder mixture is heated to the temperature lower than the temperature of melting of powder materials [RU 1773072, WO 91 /19016, RU 2038411 ]. For implementation of these methods the devices comprising a source of compressed gas, a gas heating unit, a powder feeder connected with either a gas heating unit inlet [RU 1603581 ] or a mixing chamber mounted in front of the supersonic nozzle are used [1674585, WO 91 /19016, RU 2010619].

In the first case, the powder material contacts a heating-generating elements of the heating unit resulting in oxidation of powder material particles and their sticking to the element.

In the second case, the powder material does not pass through a gas heating unit, but as in the first case, has to pass through the narrowest portion of the nozzle (throat) which is particularly subject to wear by powder material, especially when solid powders are used (metals, ceramic particles etc.). It is the throat which primarily determines the supersonic nozzle operation and efficiency of the device in general.

Such design is rather awkward , as the mixing chamber is a separate component and the powder feeder should be built hermetic and be operated under high pressure, and therefore, would have a considerable

weight.

The mixing chamber between the heating unit and the supersonic nozzle leads to additional heat loss, which means consumption of more power for heating the air and maintaining a prescribed temperature at the supersonic nozzle inlet.

This results in increased risk during operation of the device, as in the case of loss of integrity of hermetic sealing of the powder feeder, the powder will be emitted under high pressure. Summary of the Invention

The purpose of this invention is to produce an apparatus for gas- dynamic spray coating which would be designed to enhance the stability of operation of the nozzle assembly and prolong its service life, reduce power consumption for maintaining the air temperature at the supersonic nozzle inlet, increase operational safety and reduce apparatus weight.

This is achieved in the apparatus for spraying of powdered material, comprised of a compressed air source connected to the heating unit through a gas conduit, a powder feeder and a supersonic nozzle, by connecting the outlet of the gas heating unit to the supersonic nozzle inlet which is connected, in its supersonic portion, through a conduit to the powder feeder outlet.

This construction for spray coating , as compared with known ones, makes possible increasing the operational stability of the apparatus due to lack of nozzle throat wear. This is achieved as the powder does not pass through the throat and therefore does not induce wear, does not change its characteristics and hence does not affect the performance of the nozzle assembly and the apparatus as a whole.

When using powders of solid metals or ceramics wear of the nozzle walls occurs only in the supersonic portion of the nozzle and does not involve the nozzle throat. As the performance of the supersonic nozzle (in particular, air flow, the Mach number etc. ) is determined primarily by the throat area, wear of only the supersonic portion of the nozzle permits a slower change in operational conditions of the nozzle, than when the powder is injected to the chamber in front of the nozzle or to the subsonic portion of the nozzle, thereby ensuring a longer service life of the nozzle.

In this case, an mixing chamber is not necessary, which simplifies the design and reduces the apparatus weight, while connection of the heating unit to the nozzle inlet permits the elimination of heat loss in the mixing chamber.

Coupling of the powder feeder with the supersonic portion of the nozzle permits maintaining a lower pressure in the powder feeder, than that at the nozzle inlet, as the pressure is always lower in the supersonic portion of any Laval (supersonic ) nozzle than in the subsonic one. This results in the reduction in powder feeder weight and an increase in operational safety.

The design of the apparatus enables the use of atmospheric, rather than compressed air for transporting the powder from the powder feeder to the nozzle. This reduces the apparatus weight and increases operational safety even more, because in this case the powder feeder should not necessarily be hermetically sealed. For this purpose, at the point of powder injection into the nozzle a pressure below atmospheric should be maintained to provide powder transport by atmospheric air flow.

In order for the powder to be effectively transported by atmospheric air, the cross-sectional areas of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder-feeder conduit should be related to the throat area per the following relation

where S, is the cross-sectional area of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder feeder conduit, Sk is the supersonic nozzle throat area,

Po is the full gas pressure at the supersonic nozzle inlet, expressed in MPa.

Brief Description of the Drawing

The advantages of the present invention are evident from the detailed description of the embodiment and the enclosed drawing which is a schematic representation of the apparatus.

Preferred Embodiment

The apparatus is comprised of a compressed air source 1 which is connected by a gas conduit 2 with a heating unit 3 whose outlet is connected to a supersonic nozzle inlet 4 in which a portion outside of the throat (supersonic portion) 5 is connected by a conduit 6 to a

powder feeder 7.

In operation, compressed air of pressure Po from the compressed air source 1 is delivered to the heating unit 4 by gas conduit 2 to be heated to the required temperature. The heated air enters the supersonic nozzle in which it is accelerated to a speed of several hundred meters per second.

The powder material is passed from the powder feeder 7 by the conduit 6 to the supersonic nozzle portion 5 in which it is picked up by the air flow and accelerated at section of the nozzle from the injection point to the nozzle outlet. In the nozzle cross-section where the powder feeder conduit 6 is connected to the supersonic nozzle 4, the static pressure below atmospheric is maintained, ensuring that the air with powder is effectively drawn in from the powder feeder.

At the point of powder injection into the nozzle the pressure can be maintained below atmospheric if the cross-sectional area of the supersonic nozzle in this portion is made to exceed that of the throat by a given number of times. Numerous experiments and calculations have shown that for efficient operation of the apparatus, the cross-sectional area of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder feeder conduit should be related to the throat by

where Si is the cross-sectional area of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder feeder conduit,

Sk is the supersonic nozzle throat area,

Po is the full gas pressure at the supersonic nozzle inlet, expressed in MPa.

This design ensures that there is no excessive pressure (above atmospheric) in the powder feeder, which in turn, enhances the safety of powder feeder operation and simplifies maintenance thereof. Industrial application - The proposed apparatus can be used for application of powder materials to product surfaces different properties such as corrosion resistance, heat resistance, radiation properties of the surface etc. The apparatus can also be used for deposition of decorative coatings.

Claims

Claims
1 . The apparatus for gas-dynamic coating of powder materials comprised of a source of compressed air connected by a gas conduit to a heating unit, an powder feeder and a supersonic nozzle is distinctive in that the gas heating unit is directly connected to the inlet of supersonic nozzle which in its supersonic portion is connected through a conduit to
the powder feeder outlet.
2. The device, as claimed in claim 1 , is distinctive in that the powder feeder is not hermetically sealed and the cross-section of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder feeder conduit is made according to the following requirements
Si/S >= 1 .3Po+0.8
where Si is the cross-sectional area of the supersonic nozzle at the juncture of the nozzle and the powder feeder conduit,
S is the supersonic nozzle throat area,
Po is the full gas pressure at the supersonic nozzle inlet, expressed in MPa.
PCT/RU1997/000332 1996-11-13 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating WO1998022639A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU96121833A RU2100474C1 (en) 1996-11-18 1996-11-18 Apparatus for gasodynamically applying coatings of powdered materials
RU96121833 1996-11-18

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2270260 CA2270260C (en) 1996-11-13 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating
EP19970913559 EP0951583B1 (en) 1996-11-18 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating
US09308415 US6402050B1 (en) 1996-11-13 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating
DE1997618514 DE69718514D1 (en) 1996-11-18 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating
DE1997618514 DE69718514T2 (en) 1996-11-18 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998022639A1 true true WO1998022639A1 (en) 1998-05-28

Family

ID=20187211

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/RU1997/000332 WO1998022639A1 (en) 1996-11-13 1997-10-27 Apparatus for gas-dynamic coating

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US6402050B1 (en)
EP (1) EP0951583B1 (en)
KR (1) KR100387386B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1137003C (en)
CA (1) CA2270260C (en)
DE (2) DE69718514D1 (en)
RU (1) RU2100474C1 (en)
WO (1) WO1998022639A1 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003056064A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2003-07-10 Rosti A/S Applying metallic coatings to plastics materials
WO2003041868A3 (en) * 2001-05-29 2003-10-30 Linde Ag Cold gas spraying method and device
US6811812B2 (en) * 2002-04-05 2004-11-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Low pressure powder injection method and system for a kinetic spray process
US6872427B2 (en) * 2003-02-07 2005-03-29 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method for producing electrical contacts using selective melting and a low pressure kinetic spray process
US6896933B2 (en) 2002-04-05 2005-05-24 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method of maintaining a non-obstructed interior opening in kinetic spray nozzles
US6924249B2 (en) 2002-10-02 2005-08-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Direct application of catalysts to substrates via a thermal spray process for treatment of the atmosphere
DE10119288B4 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-01-19 Herbert Berger Method and apparatus for gas-dynamic coating of surfaces by means of supersonic nozzles
US7108893B2 (en) 2002-09-23 2006-09-19 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Spray system with combined kinetic spray and thermal spray ability
US7547292B2 (en) * 2001-01-11 2009-06-16 Powderject Research Limited Needleless syringe
US7674076B2 (en) 2006-07-14 2010-03-09 F. W. Gartner Thermal Spraying, Ltd. Feeder apparatus for controlled supply of feedstock
US9044546B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-06-02 Powder Pharmaceuticals Incorporated Particle cassettes and processes therefor

Families Citing this family (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2145644C1 (en) * 1998-11-05 2000-02-20 Дикун Юрий Вениаминович Method and device for producing coat from powder materials
JP3918379B2 (en) * 1999-10-20 2007-05-23 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Spraying method, spraying device and the powder passage device
US20030039856A1 (en) * 2001-08-15 2003-02-27 Gillispie Bryan A. Product and method of brazing using kinetic sprayed coatings
US6685988B2 (en) * 2001-10-09 2004-02-03 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Kinetic sprayed electrical contacts on conductive substrates
RU2205897C1 (en) * 2001-12-26 2003-06-10 Общество С Ограниченной Ответственностью Обнинский Центр Порошкового Напыления Coating method
US7476422B2 (en) * 2002-05-23 2009-01-13 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Copper circuit formed by kinetic spray
US20030219542A1 (en) * 2002-05-25 2003-11-27 Ewasyshyn Frank J. Method of forming dense coatings by powder spraying
US6759085B2 (en) * 2002-06-17 2004-07-06 Sulzer Metco (Us) Inc. Method and apparatus for low pressure cold spraying
US20040065432A1 (en) * 2002-10-02 2004-04-08 Smith John R. High performance thermal stack for electrical components
US20040101620A1 (en) * 2002-11-22 2004-05-27 Elmoursi Alaa A. Method for aluminum metalization of ceramics for power electronics applications
US20040142198A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-07-22 Thomas Hubert Van Steenkiste Magnetostrictive/magnetic material for use in torque sensors
US6871553B2 (en) * 2003-03-28 2005-03-29 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Integrating fluxgate for magnetostrictive torque sensors
US7543764B2 (en) * 2003-03-28 2009-06-09 United Technologies Corporation Cold spray nozzle design
US7125586B2 (en) * 2003-04-11 2006-10-24 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Kinetic spray application of coatings onto covered materials
RU2340481C2 (en) 2003-05-17 2008-12-10 Пшедшенбьорство Продукцыйно-Услугово-Хандловэ МАРБЭТ-ВИЛ Спулка з о.о. Device for surface spraying
US7351450B2 (en) * 2003-10-02 2008-04-01 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Correcting defective kinetically sprayed surfaces
GB0325371D0 (en) * 2003-10-30 2003-12-03 Yazaki Europe Ltd Method and apparatus for the manufacture of electric circuits
US7335341B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2008-02-26 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method for securing ceramic structures and forming electrical connections on the same
US7475831B2 (en) 2004-01-23 2009-01-13 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Modified high efficiency kinetic spray nozzle
US7024946B2 (en) * 2004-01-23 2006-04-11 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Assembly for measuring movement of and a torque applied to a shaft
US20050214474A1 (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-09-29 Taeyoung Han Kinetic spray nozzle system design
US20060040048A1 (en) * 2004-08-23 2006-02-23 Taeyoung Han Continuous in-line manufacturing process for high speed coating deposition via a kinetic spray process
US20060038044A1 (en) * 2004-08-23 2006-02-23 Van Steenkiste Thomas H Replaceable throat insert for a kinetic spray nozzle
US20080035615A1 (en) * 2004-09-16 2008-02-14 Y. Norman Zhou Lap welding of steel articles having a corrosion resisting metallic coating
US20060090593A1 (en) * 2004-11-03 2006-05-04 Junhai Liu Cold spray formation of thin metal coatings
US20060100380A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-11 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Slush moldable thermoplastic polyolefin formulation for interior skin
RU2288970C1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-12-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Обнинский центр порошкового напыления (ООО ОЦПН) Device for the gas-dynamic deposition of the coatings and the method for the gas-dynamic deposition of the coatings
US20070031591A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-08 TDM Inc. Method of repairing a metallic surface wetted by a radioactive fluid
US20070074656A1 (en) * 2005-10-04 2007-04-05 Zhibo Zhao Non-clogging powder injector for a kinetic spray nozzle system
CN100446870C (en) 2005-10-31 2008-12-31 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Cold air dynamical spray-painting method and apparatus of delivering powder through down stream
US8132740B2 (en) * 2006-01-10 2012-03-13 Tessonics Corporation Gas dynamic spray gun
US7972731B2 (en) * 2006-03-08 2011-07-05 Enerl, Inc. Electrode for cell of energy storage device and method of forming the same
US7951242B2 (en) 2006-03-08 2011-05-31 Nanoener Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for forming structured material for energy storage device and method
WO2008031185A1 (en) * 2006-09-13 2008-03-20 Doben Limited Nozzle assembly for cold gas dynamic spray system
KR100813699B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-03-14 인하대학교 산학협력단 Supersonic nozzle for cold spray coating and method of cold spray coating using the same
KR100813698B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-03-14 인하대학교 산학협력단 Supersonic nozzle for cold spray coating and method of cold spray coating using the same
RU2353705C2 (en) * 2006-11-27 2009-04-27 Институт теоретической и прикладной механики им. С.А. Христиановича СО РАН (ИТПМ СО РАН) Method ofgas-dynamic sputtering of powder materials and facility for its realisation
WO2008073110A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2008-06-19 Doben Limited Gas dynamic cold spray unit
BE1017673A3 (en) * 2007-07-05 2009-03-03 Fib Services Internat Method and powdered material spraying device in a carrier gas.
US8758849B2 (en) * 2007-08-06 2014-06-24 Francis C. Dlubak Method of depositing electrically conductive material onto a substrate
CN101274710B (en) 2008-04-30 2011-02-02 浙江理工大学 Solid particle group accelerating device for shock tube-Laval nozzle
US20090317544A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-12-24 Zao "Intermetcomposit" Method and Device for Gasodynamically Marking a Surface with a Mark
US9168546B2 (en) * 2008-12-12 2015-10-27 National Research Council Of Canada Cold gas dynamic spray apparatus, system and method
KR101042554B1 (en) 2009-04-14 2011-06-20 주식회사 펨빅스 Apparatus and method feeding powder into pressured gas fluid pipes
US20110259974A1 (en) * 2009-12-04 2011-10-27 Mt Industries, Inc. Base unit for hand held skin treatment spray system
US20110202019A1 (en) * 2009-12-04 2011-08-18 Mt Industries, Inc. Hand held skin treatment spray system with air heating element
CA2782698C (en) * 2009-12-04 2018-02-13 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Coaxial laser assisted cold spray nozzle
JP5742594B2 (en) * 2010-08-31 2015-07-01 株式会社ニコン Powder feeder, blasting systems, and manufacturing method of an electrode material
CN102527544B (en) * 2012-02-24 2014-07-23 中国科学院金属研究所 Cold spray device and method for preparing metal composite gradient quasicrystal coating
CN102748332B (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-05-06 北京工业大学 Pressure reducing device with temperature recovery function
RU2535289C1 (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-12-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Орловский государственный аграрный университет" (ФГБОУ ВПО Орел ГАУ) Method of restoring tightness of radiator
EP2868388A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-05-06 Alstom Technology Ltd Device for HVOF spraying process
RU2600643C2 (en) * 2015-03-23 2016-10-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Казанский национальный исследовательский технический университет им. А.Н. Туполева-КАИ" (КНИТУ-КАИ) Device for application of coating of polymer powder compositions by electro-gas-flammed method
US20160318062A1 (en) 2015-04-30 2016-11-03 Arvinmeritor Technology, Llc Shaft balancing system and method of balancing a shaft

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4717075A (en) * 1986-07-18 1988-01-05 Northern Research & Engineering Corp. Particulate dispersion apparatus
WO1988004202A1 (en) * 1986-12-08 1988-06-16 Nordson Corporation Powder spraying system
WO1991019016A1 (en) * 1990-05-19 1991-12-12 Institut Teoreticheskoi I Prikladnoi Mekhaniki Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Sssr Method and device for coating

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2267264A (en) * 1940-05-14 1941-12-23 James G Bland Air conduit heater
FR978009A (en) * 1942-12-09 1951-04-09 Method and hot spraying apparatus of thermo-plastic powders and products resulting
US3849057A (en) * 1970-12-14 1974-11-19 Peck Co C Jet flame cleaning and coating apparatus and method
US4343605A (en) * 1980-05-23 1982-08-10 Browning Engineering Corporation Method of dual fuel operation of an internal burner type ultra-high velocity flame jet apparatus
US5120582A (en) * 1991-01-16 1992-06-09 Browning James A Maximum combustion energy conversion air fuel internal burner
US5271965A (en) * 1991-01-16 1993-12-21 Browning James A Thermal spray method utilizing in-transit powder particle temperatures below their melting point
RU2082823C1 (en) * 1991-06-17 1997-06-27 Московский авиационный институт им.Серго Орджоникидзе Method of preparing coatings
EP0541492B1 (en) * 1991-11-07 1996-01-24 Ulrich Sigrist Application of a pulverizable substance
RU2041744C1 (en) * 1992-06-15 1995-08-20 Константиновский Вячеслав Анатольевич Method and device for applying two-layer coatings to cylindric articles
US5330798A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-07-19 Browning Thermal Systems, Inc. Thermal spray method and apparatus for optimizing flame jet temperature
US5531590A (en) * 1995-03-30 1996-07-02 Draco Shock-stabilized supersonic flame-jet method and apparatus
US5932293A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-08-03 Metalspray U.S.A., Inc. Thermal spray systems

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4717075A (en) * 1986-07-18 1988-01-05 Northern Research & Engineering Corp. Particulate dispersion apparatus
WO1988004202A1 (en) * 1986-12-08 1988-06-16 Nordson Corporation Powder spraying system
WO1991019016A1 (en) * 1990-05-19 1991-12-12 Institut Teoreticheskoi I Prikladnoi Mekhaniki Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Sssr Method and device for coating

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of EP0951583A4 *

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7547292B2 (en) * 2001-01-11 2009-06-16 Powderject Research Limited Needleless syringe
DE10119288B4 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-01-19 Herbert Berger Method and apparatus for gas-dynamic coating of surfaces by means of supersonic nozzles
WO2003041868A3 (en) * 2001-05-29 2003-10-30 Linde Ag Cold gas spraying method and device
US7143967B2 (en) * 2001-05-29 2006-12-05 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and system for cold gas spraying
WO2003056064A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2003-07-10 Rosti A/S Applying metallic coatings to plastics materials
US6896933B2 (en) 2002-04-05 2005-05-24 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method of maintaining a non-obstructed interior opening in kinetic spray nozzles
US6811812B2 (en) * 2002-04-05 2004-11-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Low pressure powder injection method and system for a kinetic spray process
US7108893B2 (en) 2002-09-23 2006-09-19 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Spray system with combined kinetic spray and thermal spray ability
US6924249B2 (en) 2002-10-02 2005-08-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Direct application of catalysts to substrates via a thermal spray process for treatment of the atmosphere
US6872427B2 (en) * 2003-02-07 2005-03-29 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method for producing electrical contacts using selective melting and a low pressure kinetic spray process
US7674076B2 (en) 2006-07-14 2010-03-09 F. W. Gartner Thermal Spraying, Ltd. Feeder apparatus for controlled supply of feedstock
US9044546B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-06-02 Powder Pharmaceuticals Incorporated Particle cassettes and processes therefor
US9358338B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2016-06-07 Powder Pharmaceuticals Incorporated Particle cassettes and processes therefor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
KR20000053209A (en) 2000-08-25 application
CA2270260A1 (en) 1998-05-28 application
KR100387386B1 (en) 2003-06-12 grant
EP0951583A4 (en) 2001-05-30 application
CN1137003C (en) 2004-02-04 grant
RU2100474C1 (en) 1997-12-27 grant
DE69718514D1 (en) 2003-02-20 grant
CA2270260C (en) 2004-01-06 grant
US6402050B1 (en) 2002-06-11 grant
EP0951583A1 (en) 1999-10-27 application
DE69718514T2 (en) 2003-11-20 grant
CN1235648A (en) 1999-11-17 application
EP0951583B1 (en) 2003-01-15 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3311085A (en) Apparatus for coating objects
Sampath et al. Thermal spray processing of FGMs
US6174225B1 (en) Dry ice pellet surface removal apparatus and method
US4402992A (en) Covering solid, film cooled surfaces with a duplex thermal barrier coating
US20020071906A1 (en) Method and device for applying a coating
US4673594A (en) Method for applying a layer of fiber on a surface and a refractory material produced thereby
Gilmore et al. Particle velocity and deposition efficiency in the cold spray process
US20030207145A1 (en) Method of adhering a solid polymer to a substrate and resulting article
EP1398394A1 (en) Cold spraying method for MCrAIX coating
US7143967B2 (en) Method and system for cold gas spraying
US3723165A (en) Mixed metal and high-temperature plastic flame spray powder and method of flame spraying same
US5445324A (en) Pressurized feed-injection spray-forming apparatus
EP0484533A1 (en) Method and device for coating
US6743468B2 (en) Method of coating with combined kinetic spray and thermal spray
CN102093064A (en) Refractory spray coating with high steel fiber content and spraying method thereof
US3453134A (en) Electrostatic pipe coating method and apparatus
US7244466B2 (en) Kinetic spray nozzle design for small spot coatings and narrow width structures
US7335341B2 (en) Method for securing ceramic structures and forming electrical connections on the same
US20040065432A1 (en) High performance thermal stack for electrical components
US20070221746A1 (en) Cold gas spray gun
US7115832B1 (en) Microplasma spray coating apparatus
US20030190414A1 (en) Low pressure powder injection method and system for a kinetic spray process
US5597120A (en) Method and apparatus for mixing, spraying and placing cementitious materials
US20040101620A1 (en) Method for aluminum metalization of ceramics for power electronics applications
CN102250584A (en) Equipment for preparing atomized quick-setting magnetic abrasive

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE

AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): CA CN KR US AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM

DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
CR1 Correction of entry in section i

Free format text: PAT. BUL. 21/98 UNDER (30) REPLACE "18.11.96" BY "13.11.96"

CFP Corrected version of a pamphlet front page
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA

Ref document number: 2270260

Kind code of ref document: A

Format of ref document f/p: F

Ref document number: 2270260

Country of ref document: CA

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1019997004177

Country of ref document: KR

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 09308415

Country of ref document: US

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1997913559

Country of ref document: EP

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1997913559

Country of ref document: EP

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1019997004177

Country of ref document: KR

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 1997913559

Country of ref document: EP

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 1019997004177

Country of ref document: KR