Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Process of adjusting wvtr of polyolefin film

Info

Publication number
WO1998004397A1
WO1998004397A1 PCT/US1997/013579 US9713579W WO1998004397A1 WO 1998004397 A1 WO1998004397 A1 WO 1998004397A1 US 9713579 W US9713579 W US 9713579W WO 1998004397 A1 WO1998004397 A1 WO 1998004397A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
film
polyolefin
filler
invention
grooved
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1997/013579
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Kevin A. Brady
John J. Burnett
Carol L. Klug
Original Assignee
Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/12Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C55/00Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C55/02Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor of plates or sheets
    • B29C55/023Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor of plates or sheets using multilayered plates or sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C55/00Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C55/02Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor of plates or sheets
    • B29C55/18Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor of plates or sheets by squeezing between surfaces, e.g. rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/32Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyolefins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2023/00Use of polyalkenes or derivatives thereof as moulding material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2023/00Use of polyalkenes or derivatives thereof as moulding material
    • B29K2023/04Polymers of ethylene
    • B29K2023/08Use of copolymers of ethylene as moulding material
    • B29K2023/083EVA, i.e. ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
    • B29K2105/06Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts
    • B29K2105/16Fillers

Abstract

A process for rendering films (10, 11), film composites, and articles made therefrom less resistant to passage of water vapor by passing a filled precursor film or film composite through the nip of interdigitating grooved rollers (24, 25). The films or film composites are generally formed using a precursor film of a film forming polyolefin or polyolefin blend, with a relatively high filler loading and optionally an elastomer. A process is disclosed for making diapers or other disposable items where a relatively high water vapor is coupled with a resistance to liquid strikethrough.

Description

PROCESS OF ADJUSTING VTR OF POLYOLEFIN FILM

TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates generally a process of adjusting the water vapor transmission/porosity of films and film composites, while maintaining general resistance to liquid transmission (strikethrough). More specifically this invention is directed towards a process for producing films, film composites, and articles made therefrom, that are made permeable to water vapor, by passing them through interdigitating grooved rollers. BACKGROUND

Polyolefin films which are rendered more permeable to water vapor using filler loading and orientation are known.

Such films or film composites are said to be more breathable, that is to have improved, increased permeability to water vapors, while maintaining a resistance to liquid strikethrough (defined herein). Uses of such films or film composites include on a diaper the permeability of which may permit the passage of moisture vapor and air, while substantially preventing the passage of liquid. The advantages of such a film used in a diaper are that after the wearer voids, the liquid is generally retained, while much of the liquid vapor can escape decreasing the "wet feeling", and lowering the possibility of uncomfortable diaper rash.

U.S. Patent No. 4,472,328, assigned to Mitsubishi Chemical Industries, Ltd., suggests a breathable polyolefin film prepared from a polyolefin/filler composition having from 20 percent to 80 percent by weight of a filler such as a surface treated calcium carbonate. A liquid or waxy hydrocarbon polymer elastomer such as a hydroxyl-terminated liquid polybutadiene was purported to produce a precursor film that could be mono-axially or biaxially stretched to make a film breathable. The breathable film described by Mitsubishi is also described in Great Britain Patent No. 2,115,702, assigned to Kao Corporation. The Kao patent further describes a disposable diaper prepared with a breathable film as disclosed by the Mitsubishi patent. The breathable film is used as a backing for the diaper to contain liquid. U.S Patent No. 4,350,655, assigned to Biax Fiber Film, describes a porous polyolefin film containing at least 50 percent by weight of a coated inorganic filler. The precursor film is formed without the addition of an elastomer by employing an inorganic filler surface coated with a fatty acid ester of only silicon or titanium. The precursor film is then rolled between horizontally grooved rollers. Cold stretching of the precursor film at a temperature below 70° C, produces a porous film. Some of the resulting films were stated to be both vapor and liquid permeable, however, at least one film (Example 3) was stated to be permeable to air. US 4,777,073 suggests a breathable film produced by stretching of a precursor film prepared from a polyolefin/filler composition. The document suggests that the permeability and strength, especially tear strength are improved by melt embossing the precursor film with a patterned melt embossing roller and stretching the film to impart a pattern of different film thickness having greater permeability within the areas of reduced thickness compared to the areas of greater thickness.

Most of these techniques require that a film or film composite be rendered breathable, regardless of the technique but generally through tentering (for transverse direction or TD orientation, and differential speeds of two rolls for machine direction or MD orientation), in a separate operation, prior to final construction of the end-use article, for instance the diaper, leading to expensive double processing or more expensive transport of the film rendered less dense by the tentering operation.

Therefore, a commercial need exists for a process that can be used to improve (increase) the film or film composite water vapor transmission rate

(WNTR) at a commercially acceptable rate with existing commercial equipment, such that the disposable article will have relatively high water vapor transmission rates in all or part of the article, with good resistance to liquid permeability, while maintaining a sufficient level of physical strength to form a useful disposable article. A process for attaining such an article at relatively rapid, economical rate would be advantageous. SUMMARY

We have discovered that certain polyolefin films and film composites can be processed to have greater water vapor transmission rates, relatively low liquid strikethrough, while maintaining film integrity, by using certain film forming formulations and techniques and passing the film, the film composite and/or the finished fabricated disposable article, through a nip of at least one interdigitating grooved roller, or at least one pair of such rollers.

In certain embodiments of our invention a polyolefin film or film composite comprises at least one layer of a disposable article and is rendered breathable by passing the film, film composite or fabricated article through interdigitating grooved rollers. The film, film composite or fabricated article will have either a single layer or multilayer construction and the polyolefin/filler combination can be co-extruded, laminated or blended with other polymers or polymer based fabricated articles. In an embodiment of our invention, a film ("precursor film") is made, utilizing a polyolefin or a polyolefin blend with a relatively higher filler loading, generally including embossing a pattern thereupon, such that its subsequent manipulation, either by itself, in a film composite or as a part of a disposable article, will render the film breathable (hereinafter defined as water vapor permeable, within certain limits of water vapor transmission rates (WVTR), while maintaining a certain level of liquid impermeability) while maintaining a minimum level of physical properties, elongation/tensile strength being of most importance. The manipulation of the film, film composite, and/or fabricated disposable article includes passing all or parts of the film, film composite, and/or fabricated disposable article through a grooved roller and/or interdigitating grooved rollers, at a rate sufficient to develop a minimum level of breathability to the film or film portion of the article, at a commercial and economical rate.

The tear strength, elasticity, and softness of a film prepared from the polyolefin/filler composition may be improved by addition of small amounts of an olefinic elastomer. The WNTR desired is above 100 g/m2/day @ 38° C, 90% RH preferably above 200 g, and can be easily greater than 1000 g m2/day BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing aspects, features and advantages of the present invention will become clearer and more fully understood when the following detailed description, and appended claims are read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which is a schematic drawing of an embodiment of our invention for imparting breathability to a film or film composite:

Figure I is a schematic view of a process for converting a precursor film (and optionally other layers) into a film with greater WVTR

Figure II illustrates a cross-sectional view of the interdigitating grooved rolls of Figure I, taken along the lines 2-2.

Figure III illustrates an enlarged view of area 3 from Figure II showing several interdigitating teeth from the grooved rolls. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Introduction

High WVTR films, high WVTR film composites, and disposable articles made therefrom of our invention, are produced from a precursor film that is prepared from a polymer composition that comprises at least one polyolefin component, at least one filler component, and optionally an elastomeric component. The polyolefin component may be any polyolefin which is suitable for film formation such as homo or co-polymer polypropylene, homo or co-polymer polyethylenes or blends thereof. A preferred polyolefin is a copolymer of propylene and low density polyethylene, particularly preferred is linear low density polyethylene. The linear low density polyethylene may be a polymer made from either traditional Ziegler-Natta or metallocene catalysts, or combinations thereof.

In an embodiment of our invention the films, film composites, and articles made therefrom based on polyolefin filler combinations, when passed through a nip of interdigitating grooved rollers (hereinafter used interchangeably with "ring rolling") would surprisingly and unexpectedly have improved water vapor transmission rates while maintaining resistance to liquid permeability; and retaining film integrity. Following is a detailed description of certain preferred, films, film composites, and/or fabricated disposable articles made therefrom, within the scope of the present invention. Also disclosed are preferred methods of producing these films, film composites, and fabricated disposable articles made therefrom as well as preferred applications thereof. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that numerous modifications to these preferred embodiments can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. For example: Though the properties of certain films, film composites, and fabricated articles such as diapers are exemplified, especially after ring-rolling, the films and composites will have numerous other uses. To the extent our description is specific, it is solely for the purpose of illustrating preferred embodiments of our invention and should not be taken as limiting the present invention to these specific embodiments.

It will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that the films and film composites of certain embodiments of the present invention, can be combined with other polymers or polymer based fabricated articles such as films, fibers, fabrics (including non-woven fabrics) and the like, depending on the intended function of the resulting film or, or structure.

As an example of such combinations, by extrusion coating, coextrusion coating, or by coextrusion or laminating of the film with other polymer films, e.g. polyolefin. Other properties may be achieved. For instance, after ring-rolling an entire film cross-section, certain (machine direction) sections could be extrusion coated to eliminate breathability in those selected portions so coated. Also contemplated are varying combinations of the precursor film, or the film after ring- rolling, with other films, or non-woven fabrics, generally made from one or more polyolefins. Such combinations, while including the precursor or the post ring rolled film, can include several combinations, such as film, non-woven/film, film/non-woven, film non-woven/film, film/film, and the like.

Other methods of improving WNTR of a film or article fabricated from the film, may be used in addition to use of the filled polyolefin and process of passing the filled polyolefin film through the nip of interdigitating grooved rollers described herein, without departing from the intended scope of my invention. For example, including microporous voids through pin-point punctures (also known as "aperatured film") to improve the WNTR, in addition to ringrolling is not excluded by the present invention. Also, it is well known that manipulation of a film by changing quench conditions during melt processing, and/or by irradiating the film will have an effect on WVTR and/or physical properties. Such mechanical or other treatment or manipulation is not excluded by this invention.

Films or film composites employing the polyolefin/filler blends of certain embodiments of the present invention can be oriented, annealed, or crosslinked Additionally, polyolefin filler combinations of the present invention can be made into film by processes including blown or cast film manufacturing techniques. The blend components can function to modify barrier, opacity, sealing, cost, or other functions that will be known to those of ordinary skill in the art.

The films or composite structures are often used in infant diapers, toddler training pants, adult incontinence devices, medical drapes and apparel, such as surgical gowns, feminine hygiene articles, and the like. Use of the term "film composites" may include one or more film and/or non-woven layers bonded mechanically, thermally, or adhesively to the film. Such non-woven materials include spun-bonded-meltblown (SM), SMS, each individually. Such non-woven materials are most often made from polyolefins, such as homopolymer polyethylene, copolymer polyethylene (including one or more of α-olefins of 4-10 carbon atoms, vinyl acetate, ethylincally unsaturated acrylic acid esters, acrylic acid, methacryclic acid, ionomers, polypropylene homopolymers, polypropylene copolymers including one or more of ethylene and α-olefins of 4-10 carbon atoms, homopolymer and copolymer polypropylene). Components of A Precursor Film

Film Forming Polyolefin

Most film forming polyolefins and combinations of film forming polyolefins may be used in embodiments of our invention. Polyethylenes Linear low density polyethylenes are among the materials favored in embodiments of our invention. Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), generally that having density between 0.910 to 0.935 g/cc and a melt index from 0.01 to 10 dg/min. Another polyolefin that may be considered in such composites is very low density polyethylene (VLDPE, also plastomer) which will have densities in the range of from 0.860 to 0.910 g/cc. High density polyethylene (HDPE) having densities in the range of from 0.935 to 0.970 g/cc may also be considered. Such polyethylenes may be produced by copolymerizing ethylene with one or more C4 to C20 α-olefin. Generally the preferred α-olefins include those selected from the group consisting of butene-1, pentene-1, 4-methyl-l-pentene, hexene-1, octene-1, decene-1 and combinations thereof. Most preferred are ethylene copolymers of butene-1, hexene-1, octene-1 and combinations thereof.

The comonomers may be present in amounts up to 20 mole percent. The amount of comonomer or comonomers will generally determine density, for instance HDPE will have from 0 to 1 mole percent comonomer, while plastomers with densities lower than 0.900g/cc will have up to 15 or even 20 mole percent comonomer (s). Such polyethylenes may be made utilizing traditional Ziegler-Natta, chromium based, metallocene (both alumoxane and ionic activators). Processes useful for preparing such polyethylenes include gas phase, slurry, solution and the like. The density of polyethylenes such as these, in preferred embodiments, will generally be in the range of from 0.900 and 0.935 g/cm3, preferably in the range of from 0.910 to 0.925 g/cm3, most preferably from 0.915 to 0.920 gm/cm3. The polyethylenes will have a melt index in the range of from 0.1 to 10 g/10 min, preferably 0.5 to 5 g 10 min., generally consistent with film forming conditions. Polypropylene Component

Polypropylene may be used in conjunction with one or more polyethylenes, or by itself as the polyolefin component of the precursor film. Polypropylene may be made from many of the catalysts and processes discussed supra, including optional inclusion of one or more α-olefins. Elastomeric Component

One or more elastomers may be included in the polyolefin component. Such elastomers include, but are not limited to natural rubber, ethylene alpha olefin rubber (EPM), ethylene, alpha olefin diene monomer rubber (EPDM), styrene- isoprene-styrene (SIS), styrene, butadiene, styrene (SBS), butyl and the like. Of these SIS and SBS are preferred, with SBS more particularly preferred. The range of elastomer inclusion are generally between 5-40, preferably 5-30, more preferably 5-25 parts per hundred parts polyolefin. Amounts of each component can vary with the desired properties for the precursor film or film composite. For instance, a nominal 0.917 g cc density LLDPE may be combined with 15 parts of an elastomer per hundred parts of LLDPE. Such a combination might provide improved elastic behavior.

Other components in a film forming polyolefin are not excluded. Such components may include additives such as anti-oxidants, anti-static agents, colors and the like, well known to those of ordinary skill. Further, blending of polyolefins with polymers is also contemplated. For example, blending of traditional Z-N catalyzed, chromium catalyzed (CR), metallocene catalyzed (MCN) and free radical initiated (FR) polyolefins using one or all in a blend as the film forming component is contemplated. For instance including, but not limited to MCN/ZN,

MCN/CR, MCN/FR, MCN/ZN/FR, combinations and the like are contemplated. Other free radical initiated polyethylenes, high pressure polyethylene, ethylene homopolymers as well as ethylene copolymers may be included.

Both in the case of other polyolefins and the elastomeric polymers, the combinations should be generally formable into a film.

As used in this application, the term "polyolefin" will mean the polyolefin, any combination of polyolefins, elastomers, additives, and the like. Filler Materials

To impart breathability to polyolefin films, addition of fillers and subsequent straining is known.

To form the precursor film, fillers may be incorporated at relatively high levels, limited only by the ability of the combination (polyolefin/filler) to be formed into a film. Further, it is believed that useful films may not be made with an amount of the filler in excess of 250 parts filler per hundred parts polyolefin (pphp) (or polyolefin blend of the film forming composition. While at lower than 20 pphp of filler, the polyolefin/filler composition may not have sufficient breathability. Higher amounts of filler may cause difficulty in compounding and losses in strength of the final breathable film. Generally, the range of filler may be in the range of from 35 to 200, preferably from in the range of from 50 to 150. The minimum amount of filler is needed to insure the interconnection within the film of voids created at the situs of the filler, particularly by the stretching operation to be subsequently performed

Fillers useful in certain embodiments of our invention may be any inorganic or organic material or combinations thereof having a low affinity for and a significantly lower elasticity than the polyolefin component or the optional elastomeric component. Preferably the filler should be a rigid material having a non-smooth surface, or a material which is treated to render its surface hydrophobic. The mean average particle size of the filler is between 0.5 to 7 microns, preferably between 1 to 5, more preferably from 2 to 3.5 microns. It should be understood that smaller particle sizes, such as 0.75 to 2, will provide the best balance of compoundability and eventual breathability, but there relative economics makes them generally less useful than particle sizes of 3 microns and above. Such particle sizes are preferred for films having a thickness of between 0.5-6 mils. Examples of the inorganic fillers include calcium carbonate, talc, clay, kaolin, silica diatomaceous earth, magnesium carbonate, barium carbonate, magnesium sulfate, barium sulfate, calcium sulfate, aluminum hydroxide, zinc oxide, magnesium oxide, calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, titanium oxide, alumina, mica, glass powder, zeolite, silica clay, and combinations thereof, and the like. Calcium carbonate is particularly preferred. The inorganic fillers such as calcium carbonate are preferably surface treated to be hydrophobic so that the filler can repel water to reduce agglomeration of the filler. Also, the surface coating should improve binding of the filler to the polymer while allowing the filler to be pulled away from the polyolefin when the film formed from the polyolefin/filler combination is stretched or oriented. Preferred coatings are stearates, such as calcium stearate, which are generally compliant with FDA regulations. Organic fillers such as wood powder, pulp powder, and other cellulose type powders may be used. Polymer powders such as Teflon® powder and Kevlar® powder may also be included. Combinations of these fillers are also contemplated. Compounding of the Polyolefin/Filler Composition

Polyolefin/filler compositions usable in this invention may be compounded in several different ways. The components may be brought into intimate contact by, for example, dry blending these materials and then passing the overall composition through a compounding extruder. Alternatively, the polyolefin and filler components may be fed directly to a mixing device such as a compounding extruder, higher shear continuous mixer, two roll mill or an internal mixer such as a Banbury mixer. Overall, the objective is to obtain a uniform dispersion of the filler in the polymer without agglomeration, and this is readily achieved by inducing sufficient shear and heat to cause the polyolefin component to melt. However, time and temperature of mixing should be controlled as is normally done to avoid molecular weight degradation. Film Extrusion and/or Embossing

The film forming composition (polyolefin/polyolefin blends and filler or fillers) may be manufactured into a precursor film by conventional tubular extrusion (blown bubble process) or by cast extrusion. Film formation by cast extrusion may be more convenient, as the film can be immediately melt embossed as described below.

In the cast extrusion process, the molten resin is extruded from an elongate die in the form of a web. The web may be pulled over at least one patterned embossing roller to chill and solidify the film with an embossed pattern for reasons discussed further below. The precursor film is may be produced to a gauge of between 0.5 to 6 mils, preferably from 0.75 to 5 mils, more preferably from 1 to 4 mils, most preferably from 1.5 to 3 mils, which allows for further stretching as described below. However, those of ordinary skill in the art will understand that many factors affect the response of the precursor film to the ring rolling process. It is our intent that the film or film part of a film composite will have breathability, and at least a minimum of physical properties to maintain its function, that is the film after ring rolling (either as part of a composite or by itself) should have the ability to perform its function. For instance in the side panel of a diaper, the film might even have substantial voids, providing excellent breathability, but having enough strength to maintain the physical form of the diaper or other article during its use. The extrusion temperatures, die temperatures, and embossing roll (if used) temperatures will depend on the composition employed, but generally will be in the following ranges for compositions of the present invention prepared by cast extrusion:

Melt Temperature (°F.) 350-550 Die Temperature (°F.) 350-550

Embossing Roll Temperature (°F.) 50- 130

Embossing may be used on the surface of polyolefin films to reduce gloss, although such will not be the films primary function in a ring rolling process. Embossing can be imposed on the precursor film surface at the time of the film fabrication for cast extrusion, or at a subsequent time for cast or tubular extrusion by procedures well known in the art. For the present invention, embossing may impose a pattern of different film thicknesses within the precursor film, and can be conducted with an micro/macro pattern, e.g. cross-hatching, dots, lines, circles, diamonds, hexagons, etc. The pattern can be either in line and/or off line and the rolls can be engraved with either pin up and/or pin down type configurations.

Use of the Precursor Film

Traditionally, breathable film has been made using such film precursors as described above, and then orienting the film by a variety of techniques, such as tentering in one or both of the machine direction(MD) or cross or transverse direction (TD). The oriented and breathable film could then be used for a variety of end use articles, such as diapers (usually back sheets, but also top sheets), feminine hygiene items, bandages, catamenial pads, panty liners, incontinent briefs, and the like. However, use of certain embodiments of the present invention will include the precursor film either by itself or a film composite in an interdigitating grooved roller process. By film composite, we intend that one or more additional layers or materials are added or laminated to the film. Such additional materials and layers include synthetic woven, synthetic non-woven, synthetic knit, non- woven, apertured film, macroscopically expanded three-dimensional formed film, filled compositions or laminates and/or a combination of these items. The non- wovens may be made by processes including, but not limited to spunlace, spunbond, meltblown, carded and or air-through or calendar bonded. The materials or layers of the composite can be combined by many method known to those of ordinary skill. For instance, adhesives (including spray adhesives, hot melt adhesives, latex based adhesives and the like), thermal bonding, ultra-sonic bonding, extrusion lamination, needle punching, and the like. For instance, in the manufacture of infant diapers, toddler training pants, adult incontinence devices, feminine hygiene items, medical gowns, medical drapes, and house wrap, parts or all of the final product may be assembled (by for instance heat or adhesive lamination) then the partial or finished construction is passed through one or more interdigitating pairs of rollers to render the precursor film high in WVTR. Stretching

High WVTR film, film composites or fabricated articles made therefrom may achieved by stretching the precursor film to form interconnected voids prior to ring rolling. Stretching or "orientation" of the film may be carried out monoaxially in the machine direction (MD) or the transverse direction (TD) or in both directions (biaxially) either simultaneously or sequentially using conventional equipment and processes following cooling of the precursor film.

Blown films are preferably stretched in the machine direction or in both directions whereas cast films are preferably stretched in the transverse direction. For orientation in the MD, the precursor film is passed around two rollers driven at different surface speeds and finally to a take up roller. The second driven roller which is closest to the take up roll is driven faster than the first driven roller. As a consequence the film is stretched between the driven rollers.

Stretching of melt embossed precursor films either using both a tentering device and a directly in a ring rolling device or just the ring rolling device produces breathable films having the desired water vapor permeability. The resulting films had greater permeability in the areas of reduced thickness in comparison to the areas of greater thickness.

Although not thoroughly investigated, controlling of the strain on the film during stretching is believed to be important to controlling the WNTR. For stretching in the transverse direction, strain is controlled for a given stretch ratio by adjusting the film speed and the stretching distance. The stretching distance is measured, between the point where the film starts to increase in width to the closest point where the film is fully stretched. For stretching in the machine direction, strain is controlled for a given stretch ratio by controlling film speed and the gap between the first and second driven rollers.

A range of stretching ratios from 1 :2 to 1 :5 prove satisfactory for MD stretching with a ratio of 1 :4 being preferred. A range of stretching ratios of 1 :2 to 1 :5 prove satisfactory for TD stretching with a ratio of 1 :4 being preferred.

It is a further object of this invention to provide such a process for producing a barrier layer having high liquid strikethrough resistance.

The process of ring rolling also may activate the elasticity of the web (dependent upon specific ring rolling pattern used), in addition to imparting breathability to the web. Precursor webs containing elastomeric components add to the elasticity developed during the ring rolling process. Ring Rolling Process

To illustrate the process the term web or webs are used. As used herein, the term web will include a precursor film and optionally one or more additional webs or layers, as discussed above, for instance one or more non-woven webs and/or one or more film webs. Such web components can be pre-assembled or laminated. Prior to ring rolling, at least one additional web may be added. Web 10 and alternatively 11 may be webs of a precursor film with either another film or fabric (11) the precursor film will have a thickness from 0.5 to 6 mils. For example, the second (11) web may be melt-blown webs of the type taught in the article entitled "Superfine Thermoplastic Fibers" by Van A. Wente, appearing in Industrial Engineering Chemistry, August, 1956, Vol. 48, No. 8 (pages 1342-1346). While melt-blown material may be nylon, polyester, or any polymer or polymer blend capable of being melt-blown, a melt-blown polypropylene web is preferred. A melt-blown web could comprise two or more zones of different melt-blown polymers. Melt-blown webs having a basis weight of up to 30 g/m2 or greater can be used in the present invention, but lower weight webs are generally preferred in order to minimize the cost of the barrier layer produced therefrom. Technology provides for the production of melt-blown webs with a minimum basis weight of 3 g/m2, but available commercial melt-blown webs generally have a basis weight of 10 g/m2 or more. The preferred basis weight for optional web 1 1 is from 10 g/m2 to 30 g/m2; most preferably from 10 g/m2 to 20 g/m2. The density of melt-blown web 1 1 is preferably up to 0.15 g/cc and most preferably up to 0.1 g/cc. Webs 10 and 1 1 may be the same or different.

Web 10 and (when present) 1 1 have preferably been rolled up together as plies with adjacent surfaces on feed roll 20. They are unrolled from feed roll 20 retaining their contiguous relationship and passed into the nip of interdigitating grooved rolls 24 and 25. Grooved rolls 24 and 25 have grooves perpendicular to the axis of the rolls (parallel to the machine direction) as shown in FIG. 2 which is a sectional view of grooved rolls 24 and 25 taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1.

It has been found that the web or webs (10 and optionally 11) will be stretched more uniformly with less tendency to tear the webs when interdigitating grooved rolls 24 and 25 are heated. The rolls are preferably heated such that their surface temperature are within the range of 160° F. to 220° F.; more preferably within the range of 180° F. to 200° F. FIG 1 shows a preferred arrangement of interdigitating grooved rolls 24 and 25 being located with their centers in a horizontal plane and webs 10 and 1 1 contacting the surface of roll 24 for one- fourth of a revolution before entering the nip between rolls 24 and 25; this provides an opportunity for the web or webs 10 and 11 to be heated prior to entering the nip. However, interdigitating grooved rolls 24 and 25 could be positioned with their centers in a vertical plan or at any other angle and webs 10 and 11 could be fed directly into the nip of the rolls. Preheating of webs 10 and 11 if found to be necessary in order to avoid tearing of the webs, could be accomplished in any conventional manner. The webs where two or more webs are fed is stretched and enmeshed while passing between the interdigitating grooved rolls 24 and 25 and are thus lightly bonded together producing final product 12 Where final improved WVTR composite film 12 has been stretched in the cross-machine direction by the grooved rolls 24 and 25 of FIGS 1 and 2, a device such as a curved Mount Hope roll 26 or tenter clamps is needed to extend the now high WVTR film or film composite to its fullest width The extended and smoothed film 12 is then rolled up on a takeup roll 27

The amount of lateral stretch imparted to web plies by the grooved rolls 24 and 25 will depend on the shape and depth of the grooves of the rolls, and on the gap spacing between the rolls

U S Pat No 4,223,059, issued to Eckhard C A Schwarz on Sept 16, 1980 discloses interdigitating rolls having grooves of generally sine-wave shape cross-section which may be used for the present invention U S Pat No 4,153,664 issued to Rinehardt N Sabee on May 8, 1979, discloses the stretching of polymeric webs by ring-rolling with rolls having grooves with a variety of shapes The shape of the grooves of the rolls will generally determine whether the web is stretched uniformly or at incremental, spaced portions of the web Incremental stretching of the web is more likely to cause some local tearing of film or film composites which would damage the liquid strikethrough resistance of the film and, therefore, is not preferred for the present invention

A preferred groove pattern for interdigitating rolls 24 and 25 is shown in FIG 3 which is an enlarged view of area 3 of FIG 2 FIG 3 shows a partial cutaway view of interdigitating rolls 24 and 25 Teeth 54 and 55 of grooved roll 24 intermesh with teeth 51, 52 and 53 of grooved roll 25 The length 60 of the teeth is 3 81 mm., and the distance 61 between the centerlines of adjacent teeth on each roll is 2 54 mm The teeth have generally straight sides which are at an angle 62 from a plane perpendicular to the axis of rolls 24 and 25 of 9' 17" The land at the base of the teeth has a radius 63 of 0.51 mm Sharp corners 66 at the ends of the teeth are removed It is preferred that the interdigitating grooves of rolls 24 and 25 be peφendicular to the axis of the rolls. In this way, the maximum number of grooves of a given size will engage the web 10 and 1 1 at the same time and impact stretch to the webs. By having the maximum number of teeth engage the web at a given time, a more uniform stretching of the webs is achieved so that local tearing of the film or film composite is minimized. The stretched film 12 can be easily smoothed in the cross-machine direction.

A reproducible gap setting between grooved rolls 24 and 25 can be achieved by having the bearing of one of the grooved rolls, e.g. 24, stationary while those of the other grooved roll 25 can be moved in the horizontal direction.

Groove roll 25 is moved in the horizontal direction. Groove roll 25 is moved toward roll 24 until its teeth are intermeshed with those of grooved roll 25 and it will move no further. The bearings of grooved roll 25 are then moved away from grooved roll 24 a measured distance, the gap setting. The preferred gap setting for practicing the present invention are from 0.76 mm. to 1.65 mm. With grooved rolls 24 and 25 having a tooth configuration as shown in FIG. 3 and described above, the maximum width of film or film composite layer 12 which can be 4 achieved for a single pass is 2-/2 to 3 times the width of starting webs 10 and 1 1. By incising the gap between grooved rolls 24 and 25, the amount of lateral stretch imparted to webs 10 and 1 1 is decreased. Therefore, the width of film or film composite 12 compared to the width of starting web can be varied for a single pass between grooved rolls 24 and 25 from a maximum increase of 2V to 3 times to no increase by the appropriate gap setting.

If it is desired to stretch the web more than can be achieved by a single pass between the grooved rolls, multiple passes between grooved rolls 24 and 25 can be used.

Basis weight is generally an important property desired to be controlled for film or film composite layer (total ring rolled web) 12. For cost reasons, the lightest film or film composite that will provide sufficient breathability is desired. A basis weight of the film produced by itself will be generally above 20 g/cm2.

The desired basis weight can be obtained by controlling the amount of stretch imparted to web 10 and optional web 1 1 by grooved rolls 24 and 25 as described above, and by the selection of the basis weights of the starting webs 10 and 1 1. For the present invention, starting webs 10 and 1 1 have a cumulative basis weight in the range of 1.1 to 4 times the ultimate desired basis weight, preferably in the range of 1.5 to 3 times the desired basis weight, most preferably 2 times the desired basis weight. Correspondingly, the desired width of breathable film or film composite 12 can be achieved by selecting a proper combination of stretch imparted by the grooved rolls 24 and 25 and initial width of starting webs 10 and 11 For the present invention, the initial width of starting webs 10 and 1 1 before passing between grooved rolls 24 and 25 is within the range of 0.9 to 0.25 times the desired width, preferably within the range of 0.7 to 0.3 times the desired width, most preferably 0.5 times the desired width. Test Procedures

The test procedures used to determine the unique properties of the layers of the present invention and to provide the test results in the examples below are as follows: Gurley Porosity

Teleyn Gurley Model 4190 Porosity Tester with sensitivity attachment is used. With the procedure as follows: a) Cutting a strip of film (~2" wide) across the entire web width, b) Inserting a film sample to be tested between orifice plates, c) Setting the sensitivity adjustment on "5", d) Turning the inner cylinder so that the timer eye is vertically centered below the lOcc silver step on the cylinder, e) Resetting the timer to zero, f) Pulling the spring clear of the top flange and releasing the cylinder, When the timer stops counting, the test is completed. The number of counts is multiplied by 10 and the resulting number is "Gurley seconds per 100 cc".

It will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that the films of m- polyethylene resins of certain embodiments of the present invention, can be combined with other materials, depending on the intended function of the resulting film.

Other methods of improving and/or controlling WVTR properties of the film or container may be used in addition to the methods described herein without departing from the intended scope of my invention. For example, mechanical treatment such as micro pores. Liquid Column Strikethrough Resistance Test

The liquid strikethrough resistance test is a method for determining the water pressure in millimeters of water at which water penetrates a repellent barrier layer at a specified fill rate and with the water and barrier layer at a specified temperature. Such a test is described in LNDA Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, Karen K. Leon as; the strikethrough resistance of embodiments of our invention are from 50 - 500 cm. EXAMPLES Example 1-12

LLDPE/CaCO3 films are made utilizing the following conditions, materials and equipment shown in Table 1.

Examples 1-12 used LL3003.09 (a 3 melt index 0.917 g/cc polyethylene (Z-N) available from Exxon Chemical Co., Houston, TX.) examples: containing levels of CaCO3 as shown in Table 1 , blended with 100 parts of LL-3003.

Examples 13-16

Example 13-16 were made under the conditions shown in Table 1, examples 1-12, but with Exceed® ECD-112 a 3.4 MI, 0.917 g/cc density m- LLDPE from Exxon Chemical Co., Houston, TX with filler, master batch (MB) and elastomer levels as shown in Table 2.

Examples 1-4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 were run on a Davis Standard cast line. Examples 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, and 15 were oriented in the TD, Example 9, 10, 11, 12, and 15 were further MD drawn. Excamples 5, 6, 7, 8, and 16 were run on a blown film extruder. Each film sample was run through various ring rolling apparatus as shown in Tables 2, 3, and 4, with the results for basis weight shown in Table 2, the results for WVTR in Table 3, the results for air porosity shown in Table 4.

While the present invention has been described and illustrated by reference to particular embodiments thereof, it will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that the invention lends itself to variations not necessarily illustrated herein. For example, it is not beyond the scope of this invention to include additives with the claimed improved, high WNTR film process. For this reason, then, reference should be made to the appended claims and the remainder of the specification for purposes of determining the true scope of the present invention.

TABLE 2 BASIS WEIGHT (Grams/Square Meter)

PROPERTIES BEFORE ACTIVATION PROPERTIES AFTER ACTIVATION

Example ** Mat Mfg. Weight WVTR Air Porosity Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 Type 5 Comp. Meth. g m2 Sec/lOOcc Manual Ring Roll Ring Roll Ring Roll Tooth Stretch 0.400 DOE 0.175 DOE 0.100 DOE Pattern

1 A AA 22 1318 >10000 DESTROYED DESTROYED 21 N/A

2 B BB 79 <100 N/A 23 N/A N/A N/A

3 B BB 86 <100 N/A 25 N/A N/A N/A

4 B BB 108 <100 N/A 29 N/A N/A N/A

5 C CC 53 <100 N/A N/A N/A

6 D CC <100 N/A N/A N/A

7 E CC 49 <100 N/A 21 N/A N/A

8 F CC 54 <100 N/A N/A N/A

9 G DD 18 8000 190 DESTROYED N/A N/A INS r-

10 B DD 25 7000 300 DESTROYED N/A N/A

11 H DD 20 6100 642 DESTROYED N/A N/A

12 B DD 36 7100 898 DESTROYED N/A N/A

13 B BB 73 <100 N/A 29

14 B AA 23 7900 210

15 B DD 21 8000 263 22

16 B CC 22 <100 N/A 11

'MANUFACTURING METHODS

LLDPE CaC03 EVA MB SBS AA CAST / DO

A 63% 37% BB CAST

B 50% 50% CC BLOWN

C 40% 40% 8% 12% DD CAST / TDO / MD DRAWN

G 55% 45%

H 53% 47%

TABLE 3 WATER VAPOR TRANSMISSION (gm/square Meter/24 hours)*

PROPERTIES BEFORE ACTIVATION PROPERTIES AFTER ACTIVATION

Example ** Mat * Mfg. Weight WVTR Air Porosity Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 Type 5 Comp. Meth. g m2 Sec/lOOcc Manual Ring Roll Ring Roll Ring Roll Tooth Stretch 0.400 DOE 0.175 DOE 0.100 DOE Pattern

1 A AA 22 1318 >10000 DESTROYED DESTROYED 750 N/A

2 B BB 79 <100 None 1300 N/A N/A N/A

3 B BB 86 <100 None 1300 N/A N/A N/A

4 B BB 108 <100 None 1600 1100 N/A N/A N/A

5 C CC 53 <100 None 400 360 N/A N/A 800

6 D CC <100 None 200 350 N/A N/A 400

7 E CC 49 <100 None 200 290 N/A N/A 200

8 F CC 54 <100 None 200 240 N/A N/A 450

9 B DD 18 8000 190 DESTROYED 7100 N/A N/A

10 B DD 25 7000 300 DESTROYED 9200 N/A N/A

11 B DD 20 6100 642 DESTROYED 9000 N/A N/A

12 B DD 36 7100 898 6900 DESTROYED 7850 N/A N/A

13 B BB 73 <100 N/A 1400

14 B AA 23 7900 210 6400

15 B DD 21 8000 263 7350

16 B CC 22 <100 N/A 2600

* @ 38° C, 90% RH

'COMPOSITIONS OF RAW MATERIALS "MANUFACTURING METHODS

LLDPE CaCCb EVA MB SBS AA CAST / TDO

A 63% 37% BB CAST

B 50% 50% CC BLOWN

C 40% 40% 8% 12% DD CAST / TDO / MD DRAWN

E 30% 30% 16% 24%

F 40% 40% 20%

TABLE 4 AIR POROSITY (Seconds/lOOcc/Square Inch)

PROPERTIES BEFORE ACTIVATION PROPERTIES AFTER ACTIVATION

Example • Mat • Mfg. Weight WVTR Air Porosity Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 Type 5 Comp. Meth. g m2 Sec/lOOcc Manual Ring Roll Ring Roll Ring Roll Tooth Stretch 0.400 DOE 0.175 DOE 0.100 DOE Pattern

1 A AA 22 1318 > 10000 DESTROYED DESTROYED >10000 N/A

2 B BB 79 <100 N/A 4165 N/A N/A N/A

3 B BB 86 <100 N/A 9966 N/A N/A N/A

4 B BB 108 <100 N/A 5685 N/A N/A N/A

5 C CC 53 <100 N/A >10000 N/A N/A 890

6 D CC <100 N/A >10000 N/A N/A 6320

7 E CC 49 <100 N/A >10000 N/A N/A > 10000

8 F CC 54 <100 N/A > 10000 N/A N/A 640

9 B DD 18 8000 190 DESTROYED 33 N/A N/A

10 B DD 25 7000 300 DESTROYED 48 N/A N/A

11 B DD 20 6100 642 DESTROYED 5 N/A N/A

12 B DD 36 7100 898 DESTROYED 17 N/A N/A

13 B BB 73 <100 N/A

14 B AA 23 7900 210

15 B DD 21 8000 263 258

16 B CC 22 <100 N/A

COMPOSITIONS OF RAW MATERIALS "MANUFACTURING METHODS

LLDPE CaCOj EVA MB SBS AA CAST / TDO

A 63% 37% BB CAST

B 50% 50% CC BLOWN

C 40% 40% 8% 12% DD CAST / TDO / MD DRAWN

E 30% 30% 16% 24%

F 40% 40% 20%

Claims

CLAIMS We Claim:
1. In a process for producing a high WNTR film comprising: a) extruding a precursor film from a polyolefin/filler combination; b) optionally embossing said precursor film to impose thereon in a pattern of multiple film thickness; the improvement including passing said precursor film through at least one pair of interdigitating grooved rollers to impart greater water vapor transmission to said film and above 100 g/m2/day @ 38° C and 90% RH.
2. The process of claim 1, wherein said polyolefin is selected from the group consisting of m-LLDPE, Z-Ν LLDPE, polypropylene (PP), copolymers polypropylene, and combinations thereof; wherein said filler is CaCO3; and wherein said polyolefin and said filler are present in said film in a polyolefin/filler ratio of from 3: 1 - 1 :2.
3. The process of any of claims 1-2 wherein said polyolefin is selected from the group consisting of m-LLDPE, PP, and combinations thereof; wherein said filler in said film in a polyolefin/filler ratio of from 2: 1 - 2:3; and wherein said film has a WNTR above 200 g/m2/day @ 38° C and 90% RH.
4. The process of any of claims 1-3 wherein said film additionally comprises an elastomer selected from the group consisting of SBS and SIS, wherein said elastomer is present in said film from 5-40 pphp, preferably 5-30 pphp, more preferably 5-25 pphp.
5. The process of any one of claims 1-4 wherein said film has a WNTR above
1000 g/m2/day @ 38° C and 90% RH.
PCT/US1997/013579 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 Process of adjusting wvtr of polyolefin film WO1998004397A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08690136 US6776947B2 (en) 1996-07-31 1996-07-31 Process of adjusting WVTR of polyolefin film
US08/690,136 1996-07-31

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK97935262T DK0927096T3 (en) 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 A process for adjusting the WVTR-polyolefin film
DE1997612498 DE69712498D1 (en) 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 A process for the adjustment of the water vapor permeability of the polyolefin film
EP19970935262 EP0927096B1 (en) 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 Process of adjusting wvtr of polyolefin film
DE1997612498 DE69712498T2 (en) 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 A process for the adjustment of the water vapor permeability of the polyolefin film

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998004397A1 true true WO1998004397A1 (en) 1998-02-05

Family

ID=24771240

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1997/013579 WO1998004397A1 (en) 1996-07-31 1997-07-31 Process of adjusting wvtr of polyolefin film

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US6776947B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2260791A1 (en)
DE (2) DE69712498D1 (en)
DK (1) DK0927096T3 (en)
EP (2) EP0927096B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1998004397A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000023255A1 (en) * 1998-10-16 2000-04-27 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Process for producing polyolefin microporous breathable film
WO2000069615A2 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-23 Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc. Process for adjusting wvtr and other properties of a polyolefin film
EP1127825A2 (en) * 2000-01-24 2001-08-29 Nuova Pansac S.p.A. Apparatus and procedure for the drawing of films in motion
US6368444B1 (en) 1998-11-17 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus and method for cross-directional stretching of polymeric film and other nonwoven sheet material and materials produced therefrom
WO2004060669A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Extensible laminate having improved stretch properties and method for making same
EP1757440A2 (en) * 2000-02-15 2007-02-28 Tredegar Film Products Corporation Tear-resistant low set elastic film
WO2015061514A1 (en) 2013-10-25 2015-04-30 Dow Global Technologies Llc Polyolefin based films with improved water vapor transmission rates
WO2015191942A1 (en) 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 Dow Global Technologies Llc Multilayer films, and articles made therefrom
WO2017099924A1 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Dow Global Technologies Llc Monolayer films, and articles made therefrom
WO2017099923A1 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Dow Global Technologies Llc Multilayer polyethylene films, and articles made therefrom

Families Citing this family (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030045844A1 (en) * 2000-04-14 2003-03-06 Taylor Jack Draper Dimensionally stable, breathable, stretch-thinned, elastic films
US7972981B2 (en) * 2002-03-15 2011-07-05 Fiberweb, Inc. Microporous composite sheet material
EP1531980A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2005-05-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Device and process for treating flexible web by stretching between intermeshing forming surfaces
US20040043214A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of forming a 3-dimensional fiber and a web formed from such fibers
US20040110442A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-06-10 Hannong Rhim Stretchable nonwoven materials with controlled retraction force and methods of making same
US7932196B2 (en) 2003-08-22 2011-04-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Microporous stretch thinned film/nonwoven laminates and limited use or disposable product applications
US7220478B2 (en) * 2003-08-22 2007-05-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Microporous breathable elastic films, methods of making same, and limited use or disposable product applications
US7514591B2 (en) * 2003-12-10 2009-04-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Interlabial absorbent article with improved flushability characteristics
US7651653B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2010-01-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Machine and cross-machine direction elastic materials and methods of making same
US20060147716A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Jaime Braverman Elastic films with reduced roll blocking capability, methods of making same, and limited use or disposable product applications incorporating same
US20060147685A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Multilayer film structure with higher processability
DE102007004511A1 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-07-31 Forschungsinstitut für Leder und Kunststoffbahnen gGmbH Open-pore, microporous films, useful e.g. as filter membranes, are obtained by incorporating filler particles in non-thermoplastically prepared film and stretching
US8152902B2 (en) 2009-09-30 2012-04-10 Cellresin Technologies, Llc Packaging material such as film, fiber, woven and nonwoven fabric with adsorbancy
EP2720862B1 (en) 2011-06-17 2016-08-24 Fiberweb, Inc. Vapor permeable, substantially water impermeable multilayer article
EP2723568B1 (en) 2011-06-23 2017-09-27 Fiberweb, LLC Vapor permeable, substantially water impermeable multilayer article
EP2723567A4 (en) 2011-06-24 2014-12-24 Fiberweb Inc Vapor-permeable, substantially water-impermeable multilayer article
US9394637B2 (en) 2012-12-13 2016-07-19 Jacob Holm & Sons Ag Method for production of a hydroentangled airlaid web and products obtained therefrom
WO2015138785A1 (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-17 First Quality Print & Packaging, Llc Multi-layer film

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4860774A (en) * 1971-12-01 1973-08-25
US4289832A (en) * 1975-03-31 1981-09-15 Biax Fiberfilm Corp. Chemically-impregnated microporous films
US4517714A (en) * 1982-07-23 1985-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Nonwoven fabric barrier layer
US4777073A (en) * 1987-03-11 1988-10-11 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Breathable films prepared from melt embossed polyolefin/filler precursor films
JPH01266150A (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-10-24 Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co Ltd Moisture-permeable film
EP0352802A2 (en) * 1988-07-27 1990-01-31 Hercules Incorporated Breathable microporous film and method for making it

Family Cites Families (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DK97537C (en) 1961-06-09 1963-12-09 Ole-Bendt Rasmussen Procedure for lægdestrækning in the cold state of an orientable film material.
US4223059A (en) 1975-03-31 1980-09-16 Biax Fiberfilm Corporation Process and product thereof for stretching a non-woven web of an orientable polymeric fiber
US4144008A (en) 1975-03-31 1979-03-13 Biax-Fiberfilm Corporation Apparatus for stretching a tubularly-formed sheet of thermoplastic material
US4116892A (en) * 1975-03-31 1978-09-26 Biax-Fiberfilm Corporation Process for stretching incremental portions of an orientable thermoplastic substrate and product thereof
US4153664A (en) 1976-07-30 1979-05-08 Sabee Reinhardt N Process for pattern drawing of webs
US4350655A (en) 1977-05-05 1982-09-21 Biax Fiberfilm Process for producing highly porous thermoplastic films
US4368565A (en) * 1978-03-28 1983-01-18 Biax-Fiberfilm Corporation Grooved roller assembly for laterally stretching film
DE3277120D1 (en) 1981-06-09 1987-10-08 Mitsubishi Chem Ind Process for producing porous film or sheet
DE3306843A1 (en) 1982-03-02 1983-09-15 Kao Corp absorbent produce
CA1245026A (en) 1983-12-16 1988-11-22 Shoichi Ito Process for producing porous films
JPH0580502B2 (en) * 1985-12-23 1993-11-09 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals
US4814124A (en) 1986-01-21 1989-03-21 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals Inc. Preparation of gas permeable porous film
CA1311886C (en) 1986-06-12 1992-12-29 Satoshi Nagou Microporous film and process for production thereof
US4929303A (en) * 1987-03-11 1990-05-29 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Composite breathable housewrap films
US5055338A (en) * 1987-03-11 1991-10-08 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Metallized breathable films prepared from melt embossed polyolefin/filler precursor films
EP0288021B1 (en) 1987-04-24 1992-12-16 Ppg Industries, Inc. Stretched microporous material
JPS6449619A (en) * 1987-08-20 1989-02-27 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals Manufacture of holey film
US5202173A (en) * 1990-02-12 1993-04-13 Clopay Corporation Ultra soft cloth-like embossed plastic film having post-embossed stretched areas
DE69210403T3 (en) 1992-11-17 2000-08-03 Pantex Srl Method and apparatus for manufacturing a membrane or a film for coating of sanitary napkins or Leinentückern or in filter systems, or the like
US5518801A (en) 1993-08-03 1996-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Web materials exhibiting elastic-like behavior
CA2116081C (en) 1993-12-17 2005-07-26 Ann Louise Mccormack Breathable, cloth-like film/nonwoven composite
US5665452A (en) * 1994-03-03 1997-09-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Three-dimensional, macroscopically expanded, apertured laminate webs
CA2148392A1 (en) 1994-06-06 1995-12-07 Ann Louise Mccormack Stretch-thinned film and nonwoven laminate
US5575785A (en) * 1995-06-07 1996-11-19 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Absorbent article including liquid containment beams and leakage barriers
US5865926A (en) * 1996-02-15 1999-02-02 Clopay Plastic Products Company, Inc. Method of making a cloth-like microporous laminate of a nonwoven fibrous web and thermoplastic film having air and moisture vapor permeabilities with liquid-barrier properties
US6258308B1 (en) * 1996-07-31 2001-07-10 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Process for adjusting WVTR and other properties of a polyolefin film
USH1955H1 (en) * 1996-07-31 2001-04-03 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Polyolefin/filler films having increased WVTR and method for making
USH2000H1 (en) * 1996-08-01 2001-11-06 Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc. Method for making polyolefin/filler films having increased WVTR

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4860774A (en) * 1971-12-01 1973-08-25
US4289832A (en) * 1975-03-31 1981-09-15 Biax Fiberfilm Corp. Chemically-impregnated microporous films
US4517714A (en) * 1982-07-23 1985-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Nonwoven fabric barrier layer
US4777073A (en) * 1987-03-11 1988-10-11 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Breathable films prepared from melt embossed polyolefin/filler precursor films
JPH01266150A (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-10-24 Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co Ltd Moisture-permeable film
EP0352802A2 (en) * 1988-07-27 1990-01-31 Hercules Incorporated Breathable microporous film and method for making it

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DATABASE WPI Section Ch Derwent Publications Ltd., London, GB; Class A17, AN 74-00806V, XP002043546 *
DATABASE WPI Section Ch Week 8948, Derwent Publications Ltd., London, GB; Class A18, AN 89-353803, XP002043547 *

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000023255A1 (en) * 1998-10-16 2000-04-27 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Process for producing polyolefin microporous breathable film
US6368444B1 (en) 1998-11-17 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus and method for cross-directional stretching of polymeric film and other nonwoven sheet material and materials produced therefrom
WO2000069615A2 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-23 Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc. Process for adjusting wvtr and other properties of a polyolefin film
WO2000069615A3 (en) * 1999-05-14 2001-02-01 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc Process for adjusting wvtr and other properties of a polyolefin film
EP1127825A2 (en) * 2000-01-24 2001-08-29 Nuova Pansac S.p.A. Apparatus and procedure for the drawing of films in motion
EP1127825A3 (en) * 2000-01-24 2004-04-07 Nuova Pansac S.p.A. Apparatus and procedure for the drawing of films in motion
EP1757440A3 (en) * 2000-02-15 2013-07-03 Tredegar Film Products Corporation Tear-resistant low set elastic film
EP1757440A2 (en) * 2000-02-15 2007-02-28 Tredegar Film Products Corporation Tear-resistant low set elastic film
WO2004060669A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Extensible laminate having improved stretch properties and method for making same
WO2015061514A1 (en) 2013-10-25 2015-04-30 Dow Global Technologies Llc Polyolefin based films with improved water vapor transmission rates
WO2015191942A1 (en) 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 Dow Global Technologies Llc Multilayer films, and articles made therefrom
WO2017099924A1 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Dow Global Technologies Llc Monolayer films, and articles made therefrom
WO2017099923A1 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Dow Global Technologies Llc Multilayer polyethylene films, and articles made therefrom

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1151846A2 (en) 2001-11-07 application
CA2260791A1 (en) 1998-02-05 application
DK927096T3 (en) grant
EP0927096B1 (en) 2002-05-08 grant
EP0927096A1 (en) 1999-07-07 application
DE69712498D1 (en) 2002-06-13 grant
DE69712498T2 (en) 2002-09-12 grant
US6776947B2 (en) 2004-08-17 grant
US20030071391A1 (en) 2003-04-17 application
EP1151846A3 (en) 2008-06-04 application
DK0927096T3 (en) 2002-07-01 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6002064A (en) Stretch-thinned breathable films resistant to blood and virus penetration
US5382461A (en) Extrusion laminate of incrementally stretched nonwoven fibrous web and thermoplastic film and method
US6703115B2 (en) Multilayer films
US5910136A (en) Oriented polymeric microporous films with flexible polyolefins
US6811865B2 (en) Film having high breathability induced by low cross-directional stretch
US6818083B2 (en) Laminated sheet and method of making same
US6586354B1 (en) Microlayer breathable hybrid films of degradable polymers and thermoplastic elastomers
US4878974A (en) Method of producing a gas-permeable, waterproof composite sheet
US20040087235A1 (en) Elastomeric film and laminates thereof
US6309736B1 (en) Low gauge films and film/nonwoven laminates
US6811643B2 (en) Film, laminated sheet and methods of making same
US20050118435A1 (en) Films and methods of forming films having polyorganosiloxane enriched surface layers
US6264864B1 (en) Process for producing polyolefin microporous breathable film
US6632212B1 (en) Breathable laminate permanently conformable to the contours of a wearer
US6072005A (en) Breathable films and process for producing them
US6096014A (en) Stable and breathable films of improved toughness and method of making the same
US5762643A (en) Vacuum assisted application of thin vapor permeable, liquid impermeable coatings on apertured substrates and articles produced therefrom
US6649548B1 (en) Nonwoven web and film laminate with improved strength and method of making the same
US6472084B1 (en) Tear-resistant low set elastic film and method of making
US6096668A (en) Elastic film laminates
US6270910B1 (en) Anisotropic film
US6238767B1 (en) Laminate having improved barrier properties
US6465073B1 (en) Variable stretch material and process to make it
US6106956A (en) Breathable extruded polymer films
US6982231B1 (en) Elastomeric, breathable laminate with enhanced breathability upon extension

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AU CA JP

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE

DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA

Ref document number: 2260791

Kind code of ref document: A

Format of ref document f/p: F

Ref document number: 2260791

Country of ref document: CA

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1997935262

Country of ref document: EP

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: JP

Ref document number: 1998509164

Format of ref document f/p: F

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1997935262

Country of ref document: EP

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 1997935262

Country of ref document: EP

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Ref document number: 1997935262

Country of ref document: EP