WO1997048244A1 - Paging strategy for a mobile telecommunication system - Google Patents

Paging strategy for a mobile telecommunication system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1997048244A1
WO1997048244A1 PCT/EP1997/002980 EP9702980W WO9748244A1 WO 1997048244 A1 WO1997048244 A1 WO 1997048244A1 EP 9702980 W EP9702980 W EP 9702980W WO 9748244 A1 WO9748244 A1 WO 9748244A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
path
nok
telecommunication system
score
call
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP1997/002980
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Martin Remco Van Der Werff
Johannes Marinus Antonius Camps
Pieter Gerrit Groeneweg
Willem Johannes Helwig
Paul Bernardus Johannes Oude Vrielink
Sicke Westerdijk
Original Assignee
Koninklijke Ptt Nederland N.V.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Priority to NL1003336 priority Critical
Priority to NL1003336A priority patent/NL1003336C2/en
Application filed by Koninklijke Ptt Nederland N.V. filed Critical Koninklijke Ptt Nederland N.V.
Publication of WO1997048244A1 publication Critical patent/WO1997048244A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W68/00User notification, e.g. alerting and paging, for incoming communication, change of service or the like
    • H04W68/04User notification, e.g. alerting and paging, for incoming communication, change of service or the like multi-step notification using statistical or historical mobility data
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/185Space-based or airborne stations; Stations for satellite systems
    • H04B7/1853Satellite systems for providing telephony service to a mobile station, i.e. mobile satellite service
    • H04B7/18558Arrangements for managing communications, i.e. for setting up, maintaining or releasing a call between stations
    • H04B7/1856Arrangements for managing communications, i.e. for setting up, maintaining or releasing a call between stations for call routing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W68/00User notification, e.g. alerting and paging, for incoming communication, change of service or the like
    • H04W68/06User notification, e.g. alerting and paging, for incoming communication, change of service or the like using multi-step notification by changing the notification area

Abstract

Telecommunication system in which local terminals may be called from one or more central stations by way of transmission paths selected by selection means on the probability of success. Selection takes place with the help of selection tables on the basis of exchanged signalling messages obtained from, or by way of, a switching system (3); other selection tables are also possible, e.g., on the basis of geographic or cartographic information. To the transmission paths there are assigned scores on the basis of the points in time of successful and unsuccessful calls, and of numbers of successful calls. During a session, a call is first made by way of the transmission path having the highest score (S(ok), S(nok) or S(rc)) in one of the selection tables (OK, NOK and RC, respectively). In the event of failure, the call is repeated by way of a preferred transmission path (PP), once again in sequence of the scores from one of the selection tables. If said calls are unsuccessful as well, the other transmission paths are tested, once again in sequence of the scores (S(ok), S(nok) or (S(rc)) from one of the selection tables (OK, NOK, and RC, respectively). Transmission paths for which it is a short while ago (e.g., less than 5 minutes) that an unsuccessful call took place, are not used. All this is useful, inter alia, for Inmarsat, GSM, UMTS and UPT.

Description

PAGING STRATEGY FOR A MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM
A. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to a telecommunication system in which local users are capable of being called from one or more centra! stations by way of transmission paths selected by selection means. An example of such telecommunication system is a cellular system, such as the
GSM system or the future Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) . The transmission paths comprise base stations which each take care of one local region.
Another example is the current Inmarsat system, in which there are included, in the transmission paths, satellites which each serve one region of the earth's surface. In this type of system, there is a specific uncertainty as to the location where the users are, and therefore also as to the transmission path which must be chosen to be capable of reaching a user.
In the GSM system, there are routed calls by way of the transmission path which runs by way of the local base station where the user was most recently registered. To minimise the uncertainty regarding the user location, it is necessary that the user call regularly by having his mobile terminal regularly transmit a code. In the event of "pocket telephones", the transmission of such code requires a relatively great deal of battery power, as a result of which the battery must be recharged regularly.
In the Inmarsat system, so far calls are routed to the (four) regions on the basis of the region indicated by the calling party. If a call is unsuccessful, the call is repeated in one, two or three other regions. In practice, all of this turns out to lead to many calls being unsuccessful.
B. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the invention is to improve the routing of calls by, on the basis of the system signalling, which may be derived from the system, prior to a call to a local user calculating a selection order, according to the probabilities per transmission path that the call is answered by the local user. Thereafter, the local user is called, by way of transmission paths, in descending probability order, until the call is answered. The invention is suitable for use in transmission systems having mobile terminals, such as Inmarsat, GSM and UMTS, but also for systems, such as the UPT system, in which a user, sequentially or simultaneously, at various terminals, mobile or non-mobile, may choose domicile by having himself registered from there at the system server. In the event of such a system, where the user terminal is logically mobile, the same problem applies regarding the uncertainty of the user location as in systems where terminals are physically mobile.
In accordance with the invention, it is calculated by way of which transmission path the local user may best be called, with the highest probability of success. If a call by the local user is not answered, another transmission path having a lower probability of success is chosen.
The selection order is preferably calculated by means of one or more selection tables which each comprise a designation of the reply probabilities per transmission path. Said selection tables are the result of registrations, in the central stations, of code signals transmitted to, or received from, the local users. The use of various selection tables is based on the insight that the best reply probability is the resultant of a order of various factors which may be derived (inter aha) from the signalling of the transmission system A first selection table is formed, e.g., using the recentness of the points in time, registered in the central stations, of code signals which were received from the local user by way of the various transmission paths. From the user, there is received a (signalling) code signal when the user has himself registered in the system, or in response to a call to said user. In either case, the more recent the received code signal, the greater the possibility that the user (still) is in the region which is served by the same transmission path It is therefore logical, in the event of a new call to the user, to first use the transmission path by way of which a code signal was most recently received from the user.
If, after receipt of a code signal from the user, there is made a call which is not answered, however, it is logical to assume that the user is no longer in the region which is served by the transmission path. The observation that the user does not answer a call by way of a certain transmission path, minimises the probability that a new call by way of that same transmission path will be answered. Said probability, however, grows again as time elapses: if the failure of the call occurred a considerable time ago, a new call again has a fair chance of being answered. In order therefore to be capable of correcting, by negative observations, the positive observations regarding the accessibility of the user, which are ranked in the first selection table, there may be formed a second selection table using the recentness of the points in time registered in the central stations of code signals which were sent to the local user by way of the various transmission paths, but which, as shown by the absence of the receipt, within a certain period of time, of a code signal in response thereto, were not answered by the local user.
The first selection table and the second selection table may be used as each other's opposites* a positive observation erases the effect of an earlier negative observation, while a negative observation annuls the effect of an earlier positive observation. In addition, the effect of each observation decreases as time elapses; in other words, a recent observation prevails over a less recent observation. Combination of both selection tables amplifies the surmise of the region or location where the user is and, by selecting said region or location, increases the probability of a reply.
Still further observations, ranked and laid down in further selection tables, may improve the selection process.
Thus, a third selection table may be formed using the numbers, registered in the central stations, of code signals per transmission path originating from the local user In this connection, therefore, as a selection criterion there is used the number of times that the user logged on to the system by way of the various transmission paths, either of his own accord or as a result of a call from the system. It is logical to assume that, definitely if further designations are lacking, the probability of a reply to a new call is greatest in a region from which the user has been the most active so far. Incidentally, in this connection, too, it is desirable to assign a greater weight to more recent registrations than to registrations carried out longer ago. Yet another, fourth selection table may be formed by a table in which for each region the adjacent regions are designated. The logic in the use of said table, as in selecting regions having a good reply probability, is the assumption that a user ~ if a call is still unsuccessful in one region where the user, as is shown by recent observation, recently was ~ will then be in an adjacent region. Particularly for large regions, such as in the event of Inmarsat, this is a sound assumption. An extension ~ which is particularly useful for systems having small regions ~ is to construct a probable path followed by the user through the regions using consecutive observations, it being possible to obtain the region in which the user will probably be, by extrapolation. During said extrapolation, cartographic data may also be used: there may be taken account of, e.g., the course of roads and the like. In general, therefore, after a call by way of the path having the highest probability score still was unsuccessful, a next call is preferably made by way of a path which, based on logical considerations regarding user movements, has the greatest probability of success. Below, in this connection there will be referred to "preferred transmission paths", with each transmission path having one or more preferred transmission paths.
The various selection tables, which all offer a certain designation with respect to the probability of success, may be combined with one another in various ways and in various orders. During a session, a call is first made by way of the transmission path having the highest score in the first, second or third selection table. In the event of failure, the call may be repeated by way of a preferred transmission path as laid down in the fourth selection table, in sequence of the scores from the first, second or third selection table. Should said calls be unsuccessful as well, the remaining transmission paths are tested, again in sequence of the scores from one of the selection tables. Transmission paths for which it is a short while ago (e.g., less than 5 minutes) that an unsuccessful call took place, are not used. In the next paragraph, several options are discussed.
C. REFERENCES
■ none.
D. EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS
Below, the invention will be explained in greater detail by reference to FIG . 1 , in which the link is shown between a fixed terminal and a mobile terminal, partly by way of the fixed network, partly by way of a satellite link. Furthermore, the construction of the selection order of calls will be discussed by reference to a number of selection tables. FIG. 1 shows a terminal 1 , connected to a telecommunication network 2. By way of an intelligent switching system 3, a call may be made to a mobile user terminal 6 by way of earth stations 4 (one of which is shown in the drawing) and a system of (in the event of Inmarsat four) satellites 5. In the switching system 3, there is chosen, using various data collected there, the transmission path (earth station-satellite) whose probability that the call is answered by the local user 6, is greatest. By way of the switching system 3, the signalling messages (code signals) exchanged between the user terminal 6 and the earth station 4 (by way of the satellites 5) are continuously tapped, and stored in a data base 7. The switching system 3 is capable of receiving and registering and storing the code signals exchanged by all earth stations 6. In the data base of the switching system 3, per terminal 6, for each transmission path separately there is stored:
- OK: the point in time on which a code signal was received from the mobile user terminal 6 for the last time, whether or not in response to a call from the earth station 4;
- NOK: the point in time on which, as shown by the failure of a code signal forthcoming from the user terminal 6 in response to a call from the earth station 4, an unsuccessful call was made to the terminal 6 for the last time;
- RC: the total number of times that, over a certain period of time, a code signal was received from the terminal. To said value, there may be applied "exponential smoothing", as a result of which the effect of older annotations is reduced, to the benefit of more recent registrations. This may be achieved by periodically dividing the RC value by a constant value > 1 . Prior to a new call, said variables are used for calculating a region order relating to the probability of success of said new call. In said calculation, there are also involved the regions which physically adjoin the region in which a successful call took place most recently. Below, there follow three examples of a calculation of the transmission-path order for four transmission regions. Subsequently, a fourth example will present an identical calculation for a greater number of transmission paths. The meaning of the abbreviations used is:
PN = path number; an * denotes the path having the highest CS(ok) score;
OK = the most recent point in time, counted from t = 0, on which a code signal was received from the user terminal 6; S(ok) = score based on OK times;
NOK = the point in time on which a call to the terminal was unsuccessful; S(nok) = score based on NOK times;
CS(ok) = score based on OK times, however corrected using the NOK times;
PP(##) = preferred paths, associated with the path having the highest RS(ok) score; RC = total responses received per path of the terminal; S(rc) = score based on RC values;
CPO = calculated path order.
The steps followed are:
1 . Rank the paths using the OK times; the more recent the OK times, the higher the score (S(ok)).
2. Investigate for all paths whether the NOK time is shorter than the OK time; in that case the score becomes 0 (CS(ok)).
3. Rank the paths using the NOK times; the longer the NOK times, the higher the score (S(nok)). 4. If after step 2 all scores are equal to 0, the scores (CS(ok)) are made equal to the scores from step 3; otherwise, the score remains as it was determined in steps 1 and 2.
5. Determine the preferred paths (PP(##)) of the path having the highest score.
6. Rank the preferred paths using the numbers of responses received (S(rc)). 7. The calculated path order (CPO) is: the path having the highest score determined in steps 1 , 2 and 4, and then the preferred paths, ranked as in step 6. After the examples below, a similar, yet improved method will be presented.
Example 1 :
PN OK NOK RC S(ok) S(nok) CS(ok)
Figure imgf000008_0001
0 -446 -276 2 2 0 0
1 -1 1 1 -822 81 3 2 3
2 -481 -809 34 1 1 1
3 -853 -829 24 0 3 0
PP(1 ) RC S<rc)
3 24 0
2 34 1
CPO. 1 - 2 - 3
The operation is as follows:
From the data base of the switching system 3 there are derived, per terminal 6, for the transmission paths 0...3, the points in time on which a code signal was received from the user terminal 6 for the last time, either because the terminal 6 was registered by way of said path, or as a reaction to a call by way of that path. The shorter the time elapsed since the terminal emitted a code signal, the greater the probability that the terminal will be accessible by way of the same channel; therefore, the shorter the OK time, the higher the accessibility score shown under S(ok). From the data base of the switching system 3, there are also derived, per terminal
6, for the transmission paths 0...3, the points in time on which an unanswered call was made to the user terminal 6 for the last time. The shorter the time elapsed since the terminal evidently was not accessible, the greater the probability that the terminal will not be accessible either by way of the same channel, therefore, the shorter the NOK time, the lower the accessibility score, shown under S(nok).
If for a certain path at a certain moment (OK time) there proved to be contact with the terminal, but thereafter the terminal proved to be no longer accessible (NOK time), the effect of the OK time is annulled by the (more recent) NOK time. The OK scores are thus corrected: the scores S(ok) of the paths for which the absolute value of the NOK time is less than that of the OK time, are set to 0. In the above example, such is the case for path 0, there having been contact with the terminal 446 seconds ago, resulting in an OK score of 2 with respect to the other paths. Since, however, 276 seconds ago, due to an unsuccessful call to the terminal by way of said path 0, the terminal proved no longer accessible by way of path 0, the OK score is returned to 0 (see under CS(ok)). It may occur that in this manner all OK scores must be corrected to 0, as is the case in example 3 below. In this case, the score is determined using the NOK times; after all, the OK times no longer offer any basis for calculating the greatest accessibility probability.
When the terminal 6 is called, the path having the greatest (corrected) score CS(ok) ~ path 1 in example 1 ~ has the greatest probability of success. In the event, however, that the call still were to be unsuccessful, the call is repeatedly emitted by way of a path which has a special relation to path 1 . Thus, it is logical to assume that the terminal, after an unsuccessful call by way of the most probable path 1 , or by way of the path which ends in an adjacent region, will be accessible In example 1 , said preferred paths PP(1 ) of path 1 are the paths 3 and 2.
The order in which said alternative paths 3 and 2 will be used is calculated using the total numbers of (successful) links which in the past have taken place between the switching system 3 and the terminal by way of said paths 3 and 2. Having said this, such order may also be derived from one of the other tables, e g., the OK table. In the column RC there is shown, for all paths, the total number of links From this, there prove to have been 24 links by way of path 3, and 34 links by way of path 2. It is logical to assume that the probability of connection by way of path 2 is greater than by way of path 3, path 2 therefore scores higher than path 3.
The calling sequence (CPO) therefore becomes: path 1 ~ path 2 " path 3.
Example 2.
PN OK NOK RC S(ok) S(nok) CS
Figure imgf000009_0001
0 -600 -667 57 0 2 0
1 -322 -227 37 3 1 0
2 -591 -202 1 1 0 0
*3 -445 -922 42 2 3 2
PP(3) RC S(rc) 1 37 1 2 1 0
CPO: 3 - 1 - 2 Example 2 shows the result of the calculation method according to the invention for other input variables (OK, NOK, PP(##) and RC). In this example, the highest OK score ~ for path 1 ~ is annulled by an NOK time ("227) which is more recent than the OK time (~322). As a result, to path 3 there is assigned the highest probability of success for a call to the terminal. The preferred paths of path 3 are the paths 1 and 2, of which path 1 in total has the most switching system/terminal links to its credit (37). The call order therefore becomes path 3 ~ path 1 ~~ path 2.
Example 3:
PN OK NOK RC S(ok) S(nok) CS in s. in s.
0 -852 -305 64 1 2 2
1 -910 -894 18 0 3 3
2 -481 -293 57 3 1 1
3 -574 -261 51 2 0 0
PP(1 ) RC S(rc) 2 57 0 0 64 1
CPO: 1 - 0 - 2
In example 3, the phenomenon occurs that for all four paths the NOK times are more recent than the OK times, as a result of which a score based on the OK times is not possible. In this case, therefore, use is made of the NOK times for determining the path having the greatest chance of success. Based on the NOK times, path 1 receives the highest score (see under S(nok)). Thereafter, the operation again takes place in the same manner: of path 1 , the preferred paths are determined (2 and 0) of which the score is then determined on the basis of the RC values. The result is the path order 1 - 0 - 2. Finally, shown below is example 4, generated in the same manner as the previous examples, applied however to a transmission system in which basically links by way of 25 different paths may be set up with the same terminal 6. In this example, it has been taken into account that each path has four preferred paths. PN OK NOK RC S(ok) S(nok) CS( in s. in s.
0 -486 -268 75 13 6 0
1 -809 -711 4 4 17 0
2 -861 -528 9 2 13 0
3 -116 -772 37 23 20 23
4 -981 -514 71 1 12 0
5 -378 -584 87 16 15 16
*6 -8 -296 75 25 8 25
7 -691 -916 24 9 24 9
8 -447 -923 84 14 25 14
9 -221 -335 45 19 9 19
10 -409 -627 35 15 16 15
11 -592 -35 70 11 1 0
12 -128 -269 96 22 7 22
13 -524 -912 90 12 23 12
14 -723 -50 84 7 2 0
15 -729 -897 97 6 22 6
16 -218 -462 18 20 10 20
17 -47 -529 46 24 14 24
18 -808 -488 81 5 11 0
19 -841 -787 35 3 21 0
20 -368 -57 40 17 3 0
21 -633 -165 94 10 5 0
22 -227 -749 14 18 19 18
23 -996 -3 28 0 0 0
24 -178 -747 13 21 18 21
25 -698 -64 44 8 4 0
PP(6) RC S(rc)
2 9 1
1 4 0
3 37 2
5 87 3
CPO: 6 3 - 2 - 1 Below, there is given a modified method of calculating the path order. The steps thereof are:
1 . Rank the paths using the OK times; the more recent the OK times, the higher the score (S(ok)). 2. Of the path having the highest score, determine the preferred paths (PP(##)) .
3. Rank the preferred paths using the numbers of responses per path (S(rc)) .
Remark: The preferred paths might be ranked once again using the OK times, or possibly using preferences designated by the calling subscriber (this remark also applies to the previous method) . 4. Rank the remaining, non-preferred paths using the response numbers (or OK times) .
5. Determine whether there are recent NOK times (in the examples below less than 300 s.) .
6. The path order then becomes: the path, selected under 1 , having the highest OK score; then ranked preferred paths; and finally the non-preferred paths, it being understood that paths having recent NOK times are ruled out Should all transmission paths be ruled out as a result, the entire procedure is repeated from step 1 . Processing the first example using these steps leads to the following result.
E Exxaammppllee 4 4::
PN OK NOK RC S(ok) in s. in s.
0 -446 -276 2 2 * * 11 - -11 11 11 - -882222 8 811 3
2 -481 -809 34 1
3 -853 -829 24 0
PP(1 ) RC S(rc)
3 24 0
2 34 1
CPO: 1 - 2 - 3
The operation is as follows.
From the steps 1 , 2 and 3, there results an order corresponding to the one from example 1: 1 -2-3 A step omitted in the previous examples is step 4, in which the remaining paths are ranked as well. The path order then becomes 1 - 2 - 3-0. According to step 5, however, path 0 is ruled out again on account of a recent NOK time <300 s.
Processing the second example in conformity with the second method takes place as follows:
Example 5:
PN OK NOK RC S(c
Figure imgf000013_0001
0 -600 -667 57 0
1 -322 -227 37 3
2 -591 -202 1 1
3 -445 -922 42 2
PP(1) RC S(rc)
3 24 0
2 34 1
CPO: 3 - 0
From the steps 1 , 2 and 3 there follows an order 1 -2- 3. By means of step 4, path 0 is added. The path order then becomes 1 - 2 - 3 -0. According to step 5, however, the paths 1 and 2 are ruled out again, on account of a recent NOK time <300 s., so that the order becomes 3 - 0.
Below, there finally follows yet another example, in which a system having transmission paths 0...25 calculates the path order according to the second method.
Example 6:
PN OK NOK RC S(ok) S(rc in s. in s.
0 -232 -167 52 16 12
1 -18 -937 4 24 0
2 -447 -52 57 9 14
3 -20 -205 11 23 2
4 -71 -154 76 21 20
5 -49 -365 95 22 24
6 -97 -801 16 20 5
7 -180 -6 65 18 15
8 -326 -906 53 14 13
9 -738 -963 80 6 22
10 -817 -605 42 4 9
11 -378 -81 70 13 17
12 -590 -147 13 7 3
13 -414 -238 96 10 25
14 -582 -38 28 8 7
15 -392 -602 29 12 8
16 -846 -428 7 3 1
17 -924 -152 23 1 6
*18 -8 -753 44 25 10
19 -762 -443 14 5 04
20 -968 -628 76 0 21
21 -129 -619 70 19 18
22 -852 -982 70 2 19
23 -296 -683 68 15 16
24 -219 -454 46 17 11
25 -408 -8 89 11 23
PP(18) RC S(rc)
11 70 1
25 89 2
14 28 0
13 96 3 CPO': 18132511145920422212372802410151417619123161
CPO": 18 x x x x 5920 x 222123 x x 8024101514 x 619 x X 161
CPO: 1859202221238024101514619161
First, the calculated order (CPO') is shown without taking the NOK times into account; subsequently (CPO"), the paths whose NOK times are < 300 s. are ruled out from selection ("x"); and finally the resulting order is presented (CPO). The various examples for this application were generated with the help of a
GWBASIC program whose source code is shown in Table 1 .
TABEL 1
100 REM SAVE"PN.BS", A
1 10 CLS : KEY OFF
120 OK = 1 : NOK = 0: MAX. PATH = 50 130 DIM TIMEd , MAX. PATH), SCOREd , MAX. PATH), CORRECTED. SCORE(2,
MAX. PATH), PREFERRED.PATH(MAX.PATH, MAX. PATH),
RECEIVED.CODES(MAX.PATH), RANKED.SCOREd , MAX. PATH),
PREFERRED. PATH$(MAX. PATH, MAX. PATH), MARK$(MAX.PATH),
PREF.SCORE(MAX.PATH), PREF.PATH$(MAX.PATH), NOPRINT(MAX.PATH) 140 '—INPUT NUMBER OF PATHS 150 OPEN "PN.OP"
FOR OUTPUT AS #1 : LOCATE 1 , 1 : PRINT #1 , STRING$(70, " "): LAST.PATH(O) =
LAST.PATH: LOCATE 1 , 1 : INPUT "Paths 0 ", LAST.PATH$: LAST.PATH =
VAL(LAST.PATH$)
160 IF LAST.PATH$ = "" THEN LAST.PATH = LAST.PATH(O) 170 PREF.PATH = INT(LAST.PATH / 2): IF PREF.PATH > 3 THEN PREF.PATH = 3
180 IF LAST.PATH$ = "0" THEN CLOSE : CLS : END
190 '—RESET VARIABLES - -200 RANKED. SCORE = 0:
CORRECTED.SCORES = 0: RANKED.SCORE.MAX = 0
210 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH 220 RANKED.SCOREIOK, PATH) = 0
230 PREF.SCORE(PATH) = 0
240 NEXT PATH
250 '—GENERATE INPUT DATA -
260 RANDOMIZE TIMER 270 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
280 TIMEIOK, PATH) = -INT(RND * 1000) + 1
290 TIME(NOK, PATH) = -INT(RND * 1000) + 1
300 NEXT PATH
310 IF LAST.PATH$ = "" GOTO 460 320 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
330 RECEIVED. CODES(PATH) = INT(RND * 100) + 1
340 NEXT PATH
350 IF LAST.PATH$ = "" GOTO 460
360 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH 370 FOR X = 0 TO PREF.PATH
380 PREFERRED.PATH(PATH, X) = INT(RND * (LAST.PATH + 1 )) 390 FOR Y = 0 TO PREF.PATH
400 IF (X < > Y) AND (PREFERRED. PATH(PATH, X) = PREFERRED. PATH(PATH, Y))
GOTO 380
410 IF PREFERRED. PATH(PATH, X) = PATH GOTO 380 420 NEXT Y
430 PREFERRED.PATH$(PATH, X) = MID$(STR$(PREFERRED.PATH(PATH, X)), 2): IF
(LAST.PATH > = 10) AND (PREFERRED.PATH(PATH, X) < 10) THEN
PREFERRED.PATH$(PATH, X) = " " + PREFERRED. PATH$(PATH, X)
440 NEXT X 450 NEXT PATH
460 '—CALCULATE OK-SCORE USING POSITIVE RESPONSE DATA 470 FOR
PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
480 SCORE(OK, PATH) = 0
490 FOR X = 0 TO LAST.PATH 500 IF TIME(OK, PATH) > TIME(OK, (PATH + X) MOD (LAST.PATH + 1 )) THEN
SCORE(OK, PATH) = SCOREIOK, PATH) + 1
510 NEXT X
520 NEXT PATH
530 'GOTO 640 540 '—CALCULATE NOK-SCORE USING NEGATIVE RESPONSE DATA
550 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
560 SCORE(NOK, PATH) = 0
570 FOR X = 0 TO LAST.PATH
580 IF TIME(NOK, PATH) < TIME(NOK, (PATH + X) MOD (LAST.PATH + 1 )) THEN SCORE(NOK, PATH) = SCORE(NOK, PATH) + 1
590 NEXT X
600 NEXT PATH
610 '—CORRECT OK-SCORE USING NEGATIVE RESPONSE DATA- 620 FOR
PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH 630 'IF TIME(OK, PATH) < TIME(NOK, PATH) THEN CORRECTED. SCOREIOK, PATH) =
0: ELSE CORRECTED. SCORE(OK, PATH) = SCORE(OK, PATH)
640 NEXT PATH
650 '—RE-RANK CORRECTED SCORE AND CALCULATE HIGHEST SCORE
660 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH 670 'MARK$(PATH) = " "
680 FOR X = 0 TO LAST.PATH 690 CORRECTED.SCORE(OK, PATH) = SCOREIOK, PATH)
700 IF CORRECTED.SCORE(OK, PATH) > CORRECTED.SCORE(OK, (PATH + X) MOD
(LAST.PATH + 1 )) THEN RANKED. SCORE(OK, PATH) = RANKED. SCORE(OK, PATH) +
1 710 IF CORRECTED.SCORE(OK, PATH) = 0 THEN RANKED.SCORE(OK, PATH) =
RANKED.SCORE: RANKED.SCORE = RANKED.SCORE + 1 : GOTO 730
720 NEXT X
730 CORRECTED. SCORES = CORRECTED. SCORES + CORRECTED. SCORE(OK, PATH)
740 IF RANKED. SCORE(OK, PATH) > RANKED. SCORE. MAX THEN RANKED. SCORE. MAX = RANKED. SCOREIOK, PATH)
750 NEXT PATH
760 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
770 IF CORRECTED. SCORES = 0 THEN CORRECTED. SCOREIOK, PATH) = SCORE(NOK,
PATH): RANKED. SCOREIOK, PATH) = SCORE(NOK, PATH) 780 'IF RANKED. SCORE(OK, PATH) = LAST.PATH THEN SELECTED. PATH = PATH
790 IF RANKED. SCOREIOK, PATH) = RANKED. SCORE. MAX THEN SELECTED. PATH =
PATH
800 NEXT PATH
810 '—RANK FOR NUMBER OF RECEIVED RESPONSES OF PREFERRED PATH OF SELECTED PATH
820 FOR PATH = 0 TO PREF.PATH
830 PREF.SCORE(PATH) = 0
840 FOR X = 0 TO PREF.PATH
850 IF RECEIVED.CODES(PREFERRED.PATH(SELECTED.PATH, PATH)) > RECEIVED.CODES(PREFERRED.PATH(SELECTED.PATH, X)) THEN PREF.SCORE(PATH) =
PREF.SCORE(PATH) + 1
860 NEXT X
870 PREF.PATH$(PREF.SCORE(PATH)) = PREFERRED. PATH$(SELECTED. PATH, PATH)
880 NEXT PATH 890 '—DISPLAY RESULTS
900 CLS
910 PRINT #1 , "": PRINT #1 , USING " PN OK S(ok) NOK S(nok) CS(ok)
PP(##) RC "; SELECTED. PATH
920 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH 930 IF PREFERRED. PATH$(SELECTED.PATH, PATH) -= "" THEN
PREFERRED.PATH$(SELECTED. PATH, PATH) = STRING$((LOG(LAST.PATH) / LOGd O) + .5), " ")
940 IF PREFERRED.PATH$(SELECTED.PATH, PATH) = " " THEN
PREFERRED. PATH$(SELECTED. PATH, PATH) = STRING$((LOG(LAST.PATH) / LOGd O) + .5), " ") 950 IF PATH = SELECTED. PATH THEN MARK$(PATH) = " " : ELSE MARK$(PATH) = "
960 PRINT #1 , USING "&## + ### s. #tt + ### s. ## ## & ###";
MARK$(PATH); PATH; TIMEfOK, PATH); SCORE(OK, PATH); TIME(NOK, PATH);
SCORE(NOK, PATH); CORRECTED. SCOREIOK, PATH); PREFERRED.PATH$(SELECTED.PATH, PATH); RECEIVED.CODES(PATH)
970 NEXT PATH
980 PRINT #1 , "" : PRINT #1 , USING "PP(##) RC S(rc)"; SELECTED. PATH
990 FOR PATH = 0 TO PREF.PATH
1000 PRINT #1 , USING " & ## ## "; PREFERRED. PATH$(SELECTED. PATH, PATH); RECEIVED.CODES(PREFERRED.PATH(SELECTED.PATH, PATH));
PREF.SCORE(PATH)
1010 NEXT PATH
1020 PRINT #1 , : PRINT #1 , USING "CPO(1 ): ##"; SELECTED. PATH;
1030 FOR PATH = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1 1040 PRINT #1 , ; VAL(PREF.PATH$(PATH));
1050 NEXT PATH
1060 FOR X = LAST.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1070 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
1080 IF PATH = SELECTED. PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1 1090 FOR Y = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1 100 IF VAL(PREF. PATH $(Y» = PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1
1 1 10 NEXT Y
1120 IF (SCORE(OK, PATH) = X) AND (NOPRINT(PATH) = 0) THEN PRINT #1, ; PATH;
1130 NEXT PATH 1140 NEXT X
1150 PRINT #1,
1 160 IF TIME(NOK, SELECTED. PATH) > -300 THEN PRINT #1 , "CPO(2): x "; : ELSE
PRINT #1 , "CPO(2): "; STR$(SELECTED.PATH); " ";
1 170 FOR PATH = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1 1 180 IF TIMEINOK, VAL(PREF.PATH$(PATH))) > -300 THEN PRINT #1 , " x "; : ELSE
PRINT #1 , ; PREF.PATH $(PATH); " "; 1 190 NEXT PATH
1200 FOR X = LAST.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1210 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
1220 IF PATH = SELECTED. PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1 1230 FOR Y = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1240 IF VAL(PREF.PATH$(Y)) = PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1
1250 NEXT Y
1260 IF (TIMEINOK, PATH) > -300) AND (SCORE(OK, PATH) = X) AND
(NOPRINT(PATH) = 0) THEN PRINT #1 , " x "; : ELSE IF (SCOREIOK, PATH) = X) AND INOPRINT(PATH) = 0) THEN PRINT #1 , ; STR$(PATH);
1270 NEXT PATH
1280 NEXT X
1290 PRINT #1 ,
1300 PRINT #1 , "CPO(3): *'; : IF TIMEINOK, SELECTED. PATH) < -300 THEN PRINT #1 , STR$(SELECTED.PATH); " ";
1310 FOR PATH = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1320 IF TIME(NOK, VAL(PREF.PATH$(PATH))) < -300 THEN PRINT #1 , ;
PREF. PATH $( PATH); " ";
1330 NEXT PATH 1340 FOR X = LAST.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1350 FOR PATH = 0 TO LAST.PATH
1360 IF PATH = SELECTED.PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1
1370 FOR Y = PREF.PATH TO 0 STEP -1
1380 IF VAL(PREF.PATH$(Y)) = PATH THEN NOPRINT(PATH) = 1 1390 NEXT Y
1400 IF (TIME(NOK, PATH) < -300) AND (SCORE(OK, PATH) = X) AND
(NOPRINT(PATH) = 0) THEN PRINT #1 , ; STR$(PATH);
1410 NEXT PATH
1420 NEXTX 1430 CLOSE

Claims

E. CLAIMS
1 . Telecommunication system, with local users being capable of being called from one or more central stations (3) by way of transmission paths selected by selection means, characterised in that, prior to a call to a local user (6), a selection order is calculated in accordance with the probabilities per transmission path that the call will be answered by the local user, whereafter the selection means select the transmission paths in conformity with the calculated selection order, until the call is answered by the local user.
2. Telecommunication system according to claim 1 , characterised in that the selection order is calculated by processing one or more selection tables comprising a designation of the reply probabilities per transmission path, of which selection tables one or more are the result of a processing of registrations, in said one or more central stations, of code signals transmitted to or received from the local users, including their points in time.
3. Telecommunication system according to claim 2, characterised by a selection table having points in time (OK) on which code signals were received from the local user by way of the various transmission paths.
4. Telecommunication system according to claim 3, characterised in that to each transmission path there is assigned a score (S(ok)) in accordance with the said points in time (OK), i.e., the more recent the point in time, the higher the score.
5. Telecommunication system according to claim 2, characterised by a selection table having points in time (NOK) on which code signals were transmitted to the local user by way of the various transmission paths, but which, as shown by the tack of the receipt of a code signal in response thereto, remained unanswered by the local user.
6. Telecommunication system according to claim 5, characterised in that to each transmission path there is assigned a score (S(nok)) in accordance with the said points in time (NOK), i.e., the more recent the point in time, the lower the score.
7. Telecommunication system according to claim 2, characterised by a selection table having a designation of the numbers (RC) of code signals received from the local user per transmission path.
8. Telecommunication system according to claim 7, characterised in that the numbers (RC) of code signals as a function of time are lowered.
9. Telecommunication system according to claim 7 or 8, characterised in that to each transmission path there is assigned a score (S(rc)) in accordance with the said numbers (RC), i.e., the greater the number, the higher the score.
10. Telecommunication system according to claim 2, characterised by a selection table (PP) having preferred transmission paths per transmission path.
1 1. Telecommunication system according to claim 10, characterised in that the selection table is formed on the basis of cartographic or other geographic information.
12. Telecommunication system according to claim 4, 6 or 9, characterised in that, as a first transmission path for calling a local user, use is made of the transmission path having the highest score (S(ok), S(nok) or S(rc)).
13. Telecommunication system according to claim 12 and 10, characterised in that, in the event of failure of a call by way of the first transmission path, said call is repeated by way of one or more of the preferred transmission paths associated with said first transmission path.
14. Telecommunication system according to claim 13, characterised in that the call is repeated in a sequence corresponding to the scores (S(ok), S(nok) or S(rc)) from one of the remaining selection tables (OK, NOK and RC, respectively).
15. Telecommunication system according to claim 13 or 14, characterised in that, in the event of the call by way of the preferred transmission paths also being unsuccessful, the call is repeated by way of the remaining transmission paths, namely, in a sequence corresponding to the scores (S(ok), S(nok) or S(rc)) from one of the selection tables (OK, NOK and RC, respectively).
16. Telecommunication system according to claim 12, 13, 14 or 15, characterised in that there are ruled out those transmission paths for which the points in time from the selection table referred to in claim 5 are a shorter while ago than a specific threshold- value time.
PCT/EP1997/002980 1996-06-13 1997-06-05 Paging strategy for a mobile telecommunication system WO1997048244A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1003336 1996-06-13
NL1003336A NL1003336C2 (en) 1996-06-13 1996-06-13 Telecommunication system.

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU31742/97A AU720091B2 (en) 1996-06-13 1997-06-05 Telecommunication system
DE69710720T DE69710720D1 (en) 1996-06-13 1997-06-05 CALL STRATEGY FOR A MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM
AT97927158T AT213894T (en) 1996-06-13 1997-06-05 CALL STRATEGY FOR A MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM
EP97927158A EP0904664B1 (en) 1996-06-13 1997-06-05 Paging strategy for a mobile telecommunication system
NO985768A NO985768L (en) 1996-06-13 1998-12-09 Personnel strategy for a mobile telecommunications system

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Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997048244A1 true WO1997048244A1 (en) 1997-12-18

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EP (1) EP0904664B1 (en)
AT (1) AT213894T (en)
AU (1) AU720091B2 (en)
DE (1) DE69710720D1 (en)
NL (1) NL1003336C2 (en)
NO (1) NO985768L (en)
WO (1) WO1997048244A1 (en)

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AU3174297A (en) 1998-01-07
NO985768L (en) 1999-02-08
DE69710720D1 (en) 2002-04-04
EP0904664A1 (en) 1999-03-31
NL1003336C2 (en) 1997-12-17
EP0904664B1 (en) 2002-02-27
AT213894T (en) 2002-03-15
NO985768D0 (en) 1998-12-09
AU720091B2 (en) 2000-05-25
US5978682A (en) 1999-11-02

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