WO1997035208A1 - Method and device for determining the position of moving objects - Google Patents

Method and device for determining the position of moving objects Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1997035208A1
WO1997035208A1 PCT/EP1997/001335 EP9701335W WO9735208A1 WO 1997035208 A1 WO1997035208 A1 WO 1997035208A1 EP 9701335 W EP9701335 W EP 9701335W WO 9735208 A1 WO9735208 A1 WO 9735208A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
optoelectronic
transmitter
position
characterized
receiver
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP1997/001335
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Heinrich Lippold
Original Assignee
Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft Mbh
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/38Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system
    • G01S19/39Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system the satellite radio beacon positioning system transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/42Determining position
    • G01S19/48Determining position by combining or switching between position solutions derived from the satellite radio beacon positioning system and position solutions derived from a further system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G3/00Aiming or laying means
    • F41G3/26Teaching or practice apparatus for gun-aiming or gun-laying
    • F41G3/2616Teaching or practice apparatus for gun-aiming or gun-laying using a light emitting device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S1/00Beacons or beacon systems transmitting signals having a characteristic or characteristics capable of being detected by non-directional receivers and defining directions, positions, or position lines fixed relatively to the beacon transmitters; Receivers co-operating therewith
    • G01S1/70Beacons or beacon systems transmitting signals having a characteristic or characteristics capable of being detected by non-directional receivers and defining directions, positions, or position lines fixed relatively to the beacon transmitters; Receivers co-operating therewith using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S5/00Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
    • G01S5/02Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using radio waves

Abstract

The invention concerns a method and device for determining the position of moving objects, in particular moving participants in battle practice, the moving objects having an optoelectronic receiver and a radio data transmission system. According to the invention, freely programmable optoelectronic transmitters are disposed in sections and/or rooms and/or shelters in the battle practice field, the optoelectronic transmitters continuously emitting data concerning at least the transmitter position but also real time in the frequency range of the optoelectronic receivers and with low intensity and range. If a moving object enters the optoelectronic transmitter reception range, the respective transmitter position and real time data as well as, optionally, further data are recorded and the object position determined in this way is transmitted via the radio data transmission system to a battle control centre. The method described enables the exact position of the moving objects and participants in the battle practice to be determined even when they are located in rooms or on sites which make it impossible to determine positions using GPS signals.

Description

Method and apparatus for determining the position of moving objects

description

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for determining the position of movable objects, in particular mobile subscribers of a combat training exercise, the movable objects have an optoelectronic receiver and a radio frequency device.

Battlefield simulators and battlefield exercises reali¬ tätsnahen exercising certain tactical situations, with the help of computer representations are known. Here are real practicing on the ground troops, for example, coupled with their tasks and movements simulated by a computer or troop combat vehicles to represent in this way neighbors and opponents. In known devices, the real practitioner can feel the effect of friendly and enemy forces but that do not visually perceive this and support or combat.

It is therefore necessary for the effective management and evaluation of a combat training to make an accurate and constant Positionsbe¬ mood of weapons systems, vehicles, equipment and installations and personnel of the parties and other governing bodies and to transfer this positioning data to a combat control center so that we - fluctuations and combat activities can be tracked on the one hand and on the other hand, any time there is also an accurate overview of the movable objects reside in certain predetermined deployment rooms, shelters or buildings. To solve this problem, there is known a Positions¬ to specifications of the mobile objects thereby perform that these are equipped with GPS receivers and have a wireless data device, which is able to send the respective position data to the battle control center ,

However, this technique already proposed can meet the requirements vor¬ standing only inadequate. A position determination is not possible if the relevant objects, such as vehicles or exercise participants are located in dense forests, buildings or shelters. This then leads to an incomplete representation of forces and combat operations, erroneous failure calculations the effect of simulation and a lack of representation in the exercise meeting.

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a method and apparatus for determining the position of movable objects, in particular mobile exercise participants of a combat training indicate which enables accurate detection of battle data also from selected terrain sections, for example in the village and forest battle, whereby an accurate position determination is possible and wherein an additional acquisition of additional combat data can be done on the evaluation and analysis of an exercise in an easy manner.

The object of the invention is carried out with the method, an article according to the features of claims 1 or 9, and the device side to an object according to the features of claim 3, wherein the sub-claims comprise at least expedient embodiments and developments.

The principles of the invention following, there is Erfin dung proper method for position determination of movable objects, in particular mobile exercise participants a combat field practice to provide programmable optoelectronic transmitter at selected locations such as houses, shelters, problematic terrain sections, said stations in a predetermined area advantageously as Rundumstrahler acting, radiate a Senderlage- and Realzeitin¬ formation continuously. In addition, there is a possibility of that the radiated information comprises a building, or Raum¬ floor identifier.

In the case where one of the mobile exercise participants, this may be for example, a combat vehicle or a fighting person enters the area of ​​influence of the respective opto-electronic transmitter, then attached to the respective mobile object optoelectronic receiver is put in a position, based the data sent on to receive the position and Realzeitin¬ formation, to process it and to transmit control center towards a skirmish by means of a per se known radio data transmission means.

According to the invention the programmable optoelektro¬ African transmitter are formed as a power supply other independent assemblies and provided at such locations and / or spaces which are shielded completely or partially electromagnetically, that is preferably where reception of GPS latest satellite signals is not or only to a limited extent ,

According to a further aspect of the invention, provided as a receiver on the mobile object Duellsimulator- systems can, for example, be AGDUS used. In this case, the frequency range of the opto-electronic transmitter is directed to those of the duel simulator system.

Preferably, the optoelectronic transmitter send a Lage¬ or location information on the location of the transmitter installed in UTM coordinates, and a real-time, for example, CET. In addition, there is the possibility of sending a coded information as to in which -Stockwerk, building or building part of the respective transmitter is located. The optoelectronic transmitter preferably operate in pulsed mode and emit a power sufficient to activate the receiver located in the room concerned.

According to a further aspect of the invention may procedural rensseitig an update, addition or correction of the position determination by the GPS determination with the position or Lage¬ be carried out by the special opto-electronic transmitter so that on failure or insufficient positioning using GPS accurate data can be found in the respective location of the or of the moving objects and transmitted to the battle control center.

In the event to be simulated in the certain weapons effects, the number of the moving objects that are located in the effective radius, exactly determined and thus obtain the result of effect simulation with sufficient accuracy and in a short time and are provided for further evaluation.

It is within the meaning of the invention that the movable objects may be tracked vehicles, wheeled vehicles or persons, as already mentioned, have a known opto-electronic receiver of duel simulator systems, which are able to receive the transmission data of the location-real-time laser transmitter and to process.

In a further embodiment of the invention it is provided that the position and / or the residence time of the moving objects is stored temporarily in an electromagnetically shielded space by means of a located on the moving object memory until a new communication with the radio frequency device is possible. This ensures that past periods of stay and

Movements, such as in homes, at a later period, but can be reconstructed to the action in a timely manner. In addition there is the possibility that the invention Vor¬ direction detector through arranged in houses or rooms motion and / or supplement video technology.

Alternatively, in place of opto-electronic transmitter or

a use of ultrasonic or RF transmitter carried receiver modules receiver. The benefits of using laser transmitters / receivers however, lie in the fact that already existing subscriber side equipment can be shared.

In a further embodiment of the inventive driving Ver¬ is assumed mobile exercise participants located aufgesessen in a combat vehicle. The mobile exercise participants have optoelectronic receiver and a data radio as standard equipment a duel simulator. In the interior of the combat vehicle, namely in the space which is at least partially electromagnetically shielded ab¬, programmable optoelectronic transmitters are arranged. The optoelectronic transmitter radiation in the frequency range of the optoelectronic receiver at least the transmitter location and, if necessary, real-time information continuously with low intensity and low local range from. then passes one of the Gefechsteilnehmer by seating in these shielded space, the respective opto-electronic

Receiver capable of the respective Senderlage- Real¬ and time information of the respective opto-electronic transmitter, which is located in the interior of the combat vehicle to receive. From this, the position of the location can Gefechtsteil- taker determined and this position or object position from the existing radio data transmission means are transmitted to a battle control center. The Senderlage- and real-time information is derived from a ange¬ arranged outside of the shield to the vehicle GPS receiver because of receivable GPS signals and supplied to the arranged inside optoelectronic transmitters.

Preferably, the position and / or duration of action of the participants in the electromagnetically shielded space within the combat vehicle by means of a memory is temporarily stored until a new communication by means of standard equipment data wireless device is possible.

All in all, succeeds with the invention, command data in critical terrain sections such as the local or forest battle to capture so that optimally a battle management and simulation by the exact knowledge of the whereabouts of the respective objects that are involved in the exercise, is possible.

The invention allows effectively a Positions¬ determination in such locations such as houses and shelters, which by reason of the only partially or not receiving satellite signals from a GPS system, the positioning of mobile exercise participants on the basis of the known GPS data only partially or not is feasible.

Particular advantages are obtained such that the data of the forces currently betei¬-favored and promptly to a Gefechts¬ control center can be transmitted in each case in the use of infantry in the location and / or forest fight. Preferably, optical interfaces or optical receiver are used in a known duel simulators, which are able to receive additional optical laser for example, information obtained from the outside and to process. The processing is performed such that the location of the mobile subscriber in UTM coordinates also in case of failure of the position determination is preferably because of the location of the respective optoelek¬ tronic transmitter by GPS by a mobile subscriber unit can be determined, further wherein the location determined as a momentary location of the mobile subscriber is or object to the combat control center transferable.

The invention will be further explained with reference to an exemplary embodiment and with the aid of a game character. The figure shows the basic arrangement of freiprogram¬ grammable optoelectronic transmitters in selected sections and / or spaces of a combat training field.

The moving object 1 shown in the figure is beispiels¬, a combat vehicle or a practitioner.

The moving object 1 has an optoelectronic receiver and a radio data device, with the aid of a communication with the command post control center 2 is possible. The receiver and the radio data transmission device form a subscriber unit 3 of the mobile subscriber's exercise 1. As opto¬ electronic receiver of the subscriber unit 3 a duel simulation system AGDUS can spielsweise be used.

This system allows, for example, a firing simulation, with a Shooting triggers a shot and is communicated via decoded laser light to the wounded, who was the Shooting and what type of ammunition was used.

Because of laser reflectors as the target of the shooting end can also determine the distance to the target and the point of impact. The Shooting then reports a Daten¬ radio device to a higher power its own identification, save time, information about hits and misses a shot and the type of ammunition used. The Met calculated his loss and also reports this to a higher power in conjunction with the time of failure, the cause, the ammunition, the default art, the direction from which the shot came, and the AGDUS- identifier of the shooter.

In the embodiment of the figure, the array of optoelectronic transmitters 4 is shown symbolically inside and outside in the vicinity of buildings.

The arrangement of optoelectronic transmitters 4, also referred to as a location laser transmitter is for the evaluation of field exercises in local and urban warfare advantageous because both the current locations of the individual mobile

Objects 1 are constantly determined and, secondly,

Effect simulations (Wirksim) can be performed.

Through the arrangement of optoelectronic transmitters 4 in the immediate vicinity of eg houses in areas 4.1, the

Approaching and withdrawal of moving objects 1 are registered.

In the case of houses with several storeys 5 electronic transmitters 4.2 to 4.4 are optical in each floor finally ein¬ of the roof region is provided.

The optoelectronic transmitter 4 to 4.4. preferably have an omnidirectional and work in pulse mode.

The power supply of the optoelectronic transmitter 4 is performed independently, for example, so that reduces maintenance work on solarzellengepufferte accumulators, and the Betriebszuverläs¬ sigkeit of the entire apparatus increased.

In the case where a mobile subscriber 1 in the Wirkungs¬ region of a site the laser transmitter 4 passes, receives the subscriber unit 3, especially the respective opto-electronic receiver, the Senderlage- and optionally the Realzeitin- formations and additional identifiers, so that the present position of the participant determined is. The received information is then transmitted over the subscriber unit integrated in the 3 data radio to the central station. 2

Then, when a data radio communication to the battle control center, for example, due to electromagnetic shielding is not possible, a arranged in the subscriber unit 3 memory stores the Senderlage- and real-time information at least until such time as an undisturbed data communication continued or can be resumed. By means of this measure it is ensured that timely reconstruction of the stay and the residence time of the respective mobile object can be calculated by means of a computer system. According to a further shown in the figure, a laser transmitter location is 4, arranged in a shed 6, which is located in the field. The operation of the site in question laser transmitter in conjunction with the located in the shelter mobile object 1 is analogous to that described above.

According to one embodiment, the sender Standortlaser- have a time receiver, for example, can be so that, starting from a central time standard transmitted respectively a precise real time information and received by the respective optoelectronic receiver of the moving object in question a so-called DCF module.

Alternatively it is possible to do without sending a real time information, at least when an almost constant data communication via the Datenfunkeinrich- obligations of the moving objects is possible on a common time base. This allows the laser transmitter location can be further simplified by its construction forth and the costs.

Claims

claims
1. A method for determining the position of movable objects, in particular mobile subscribers of a combat training exercise, the movable objects have an optoelectronic receiver and a data radio device, characterized by
Arranging programmable optoelectronic Sen¬ countries in sections and / or spaces and / or shelters of the combat training field, wherein the optoelectronic
Transmitter in the frequency range of the optoelectronic receiver at least the transmitter location and GGFs. Real-time information continuously emit low intensity and range; Receiving the respective transmitter location and real-time information from a passing into the transmission range beweg¬ union object with the aid of the moving object which vorhan¬ optoelectronic receiver and transmitting the thus determined object position on the Datenfunkein¬ direction to a battle control center.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that are used as opto-electronic transmitter is a laser transmitter and rundumεtrahlender as an optoelectronic receiver, a per se known receiver of a duel simulation system.
3. A device for determining the position of movable Objek¬ th particular mobile exercise participants of a combat training, the moving objects having an optoelectronic receiver and a data radio device, characterized in that at predetermined locations of the combat training field, in particular locations with RESTRICT or no GPS reception possibility , freely programmable, omnidirectional optoelectronic transmitter (4) are arranged, said transmitter (4) in the immediate vicinity of the respective map at least one Lagew- and, if necessary, a real time information in a continuous or emit in the pulsed mode, each of the movable objects (1) upon entry (3) in the receiving area of ​​the respective opto-electronic transmitter (4) existing on the on the object (1) optoelectronic receiver, the position and Realözeitinformationen receives, from this determines the present position by means of an evaluation unit and this via the data radio to Gefechtsleit¬ a central (2) transmits.
4. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the position and / or duration of the moving objects (1) is temporarily stored in an electromagnetically shielded space by means of a memory until a new communication is possible by means of radio data transmission means.
5. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the transmitter (4) in shelters (6), buildings (5) and other electromagnetic partially or fully shielded rooms or terrain sections are arranged.
6. Apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that in buildings (5) a transmitter (4.2 to 4.4.) Is arranged with a plurality of rooms and floors on each floor and / or space, which in addition, a room or five stories identifier radiates.
7. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the transmitter (4) are operated with an autonomous power supply laser transmitter.
8. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the transmitters (4) have a time receiver, eg DCF module.
9. A method for determining the position of movable objects, in particular mobile subscribers of a combat training exercise, aufgesessen in a combat vehicle, wherein the movable objects have as standard equipment a duel simulator an optoelectronic receiver and a data radio device, characterized by
Arranging programmable optoelectronic transmitters in the combat vehicle, which is electromagnetically shielded in the interior at least partially, wherein the optoelectronic transmitter continuously radiate in the frequency range of the opto¬ electronic receiver at least the transmitter location and possibly real-time information with a low intensity and low local scope. - receiving the respective Senderlage- Realzeitinforma¬ and functions of a passing into the transmission range combat-subscriber with the aid of existing optoelectronic receiver and transmitting the thus determined object position via the data radio to a control center skirmish, wherein the Senderlage- and functions Realzeitinforma¬ be derived from a receivable outside the shield GPS signal and supplied to the optoelectronic transmitters.
10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that an all-around radiant laser transmitter is used as the optoelectronic transmitter.
11. The method of claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the position and / or duration of fighting subscriber (1) is stored in the electromagnetically shielded space within the combat vehicle by means of a memory as long intermediate, until a new Come Unia Reception means of the data radio possible is.
PCT/EP1997/001335 1996-03-21 1997-03-17 Method and device for determining the position of moving objects WO1997035208A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1996111209 DE19611209C2 (en) 1996-03-21 1996-03-21 A method for determining the position of objects, namely, mobile subscribers of a combat training exercise
DE19611209.5 1996-03-21

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19970908251 EP0888559A1 (en) 1996-03-21 1997-03-17 Method and device for determining the position of moving objects

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997035208A1 true true WO1997035208A1 (en) 1997-09-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP1997/001335 WO1997035208A1 (en) 1996-03-21 1997-03-17 Method and device for determining the position of moving objects

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0888559A1 (en)
DE (1) DE19611209C2 (en)
WO (1) WO1997035208A1 (en)

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EP1657562A1 (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-05-17 Saab Ab A transmitting unit
US7400244B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2008-07-15 Saab Ab System and method for determining the location of a moving object in a secluded space

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DE10052434A1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2002-05-02 Wolfgang Zinn System for locating objects or persons has central unit with information about current location of objects or persons, mobile units that provide location information on request
US6579097B1 (en) * 2000-11-22 2003-06-17 Cubic Defense Systems, Inc. System and method for training in military operations in urban terrain
DE102004039336B4 (en) * 2004-08-12 2006-07-06 C.O.E.L. Entwicklungsgesellschaft Mbh Device for performance enhancement and improvement of evaluation in a combat training center
EP1632744B1 (en) 2004-09-07 2014-08-20 Saab Ab A simulation system

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DE4026207A1 (en) * 1990-08-18 1992-02-20 Telefunken Systemtechnik Exchange of battlefield data between armoured fighting vehicles - involves central processing computer linked by duplex radio to each vehicle carrying GPS and combat simulator
EP0509775A2 (en) * 1991-04-19 1992-10-21 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Remote monitoring and controlling system for moving bodies
EP0672918A2 (en) * 1994-03-14 1995-09-20 Museo Civico - Comune Di Rovereto Optoelectronic control system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7400244B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2008-07-15 Saab Ab System and method for determining the location of a moving object in a secluded space
EP1657562A1 (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-05-17 Saab Ab A transmitting unit
US7561039B2 (en) 2004-11-15 2009-07-14 Saab Ab Transmitting unit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0888559A1 (en) 1999-01-07 application
DE19611209C2 (en) 1999-05-12 grant
DE19611209A1 (en) 1997-09-25 application

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