WO1997012456A1 - Communication network - Google Patents

Communication network Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1997012456A1
WO1997012456A1 PCT/US1996/015598 US9615598W WO9712456A1 WO 1997012456 A1 WO1997012456 A1 WO 1997012456A1 US 9615598 W US9615598 W US 9615598W WO 9712456 A1 WO9712456 A1 WO 9712456A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
network
communications network
data
coupled
local area
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1996/015598
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Michel Bowman-Amuah
Original Assignee
Intertrade Computer Consultants, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US53370995A priority Critical
Priority to US08/533,709 priority
Application filed by Intertrade Computer Consultants, Inc. filed Critical Intertrade Computer Consultants, Inc.
Publication of WO1997012456A1 publication Critical patent/WO1997012456A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04JMULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION
    • H04J3/00Time-division multiplex systems
    • H04J3/02Details
    • H04J3/06Synchronising arrangements
    • H04J3/062Synchronisation of signals having the same nominal but fluctuating bit rates, e.g. using buffers
    • H04J3/0632Synchronisation of packets and cells, e.g. transmission of voice via a packet network, circuit emulation service [CES]

Abstract

A communication network (30) for connecting widely separated computers (136), local area networks (32) and cable television system subscribers includes a wireless local loop (34) for connecting to a packet switched network (36). A router (86) directs data traffic destined for an address outside a LAN (80) to a transceiver (88). The transceiver (88) transfers the data through the airwaves to a second transceiver (100). A coder-decoder (108), coupled to the second transceiver (100), digitizes any analog data from the LAN (80). A second router (112), connected to the coder-decoder (108), directs the data to one of a plurality of digital switch units (114). The digital switch unit (114) provides clocking and a carrier for the data and passes the data to a frame relay access device (116) that forms frames of the appropriate format for the frame relay network (104).

Description

COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to field of computer communications and more specifically to communication networks.

Background of the Invention

The process of connecting computers to communicate is called networking. Networking often requires connecting different computers, running different operating systems together. The International Standards Organization (ISO) developed a model to facilitate this process. The OSI (open systems interconnection) reference model, shown in FIG. 1 , attempts to compartmentalize various functions necessary for a network to operate. This compartmentalization allows programmers and engineers to concentrate on their application without being concerned with the operations occurring at the other layers (compartments) in the network. The OSI model 10 consists of seven layers, 1) the physical layer 12, 2) the data link layer 14, 3) the network layer 16, 4) the transport layer 18, 5) the session layer 20, 6) the presentation layer 22 and 7) the application layer 24. The applications discussed herein will mainly be concerned with OSI layers 2 through 5.

A number ofthe protocols discussed herein are only concerned with certain layers ofthe OSI model and because ofthe compartmentalization can be mixed and matched. The increasing power and prevalence of personal computers are increasing the need to interconnect these computers. It is now common for even small offices to have a local area network to connect the office computers to send email, share files and printers. Local area networks only allow communication between computers that are separated by short distances (>1 km). Other solutions are required for a company that wants to share computer information between offices that are widely separated.

One solution is for a company to lease a dedicated phone line(s) and set up a dedicated wide area network to connect widely separated offices. Generally, a company will lease an ISDN or Tl line from a local bell operating company. In addition, the company may have to lease an ISDN line from their long distance carrier. By leasing a phone line and adding some equipment to connect the company's local area networks to the phone line, two ofthe company's offices can share computer data. However, a dedicated wide area network is a very expensive operation often costing several thousand dollars a month. In addition it is very inflexible. If the company opens another office and wants the new office's local area network to be connected to the other offices, the company has to at least lease another phone line. Another solution is for the company to use the internet (world wide web) as a public (shared) wide area network. This requires the company either to sign up with a dial up internet provider or to set up an internet node. The dial up service provides flexibility allowing the company to easily connect and disconnect locations. However, the company will have to pay a time usage charge and the dial up service will not provide a constant or immediate connection between remote locations.

Setting up an internet node requires the company to lease a phone line (ISDN) and to have special internet handling equipment. This may save some of the leasing costs of a dedicated wide area network but is still very expensive. In addition, the company's wide area network is shared which poses certain security concerns. Thus there is need a low cost and flexible system for connecting widely separated local area networks or individual computers. Summary of the Invention

A communications network that solves these problems and provides additional benefits includes a local area network coupled to a wireless local loop. The wireless local loop couples to a packet switched network.

Brief Description of the Drawings

FIG. l is a schematic diagram of an OSI reference model; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a communication network according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an altemative communication network according to the invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an altemative communication network according to the invention;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a local area network (LAN) and part of a wireless local loop;

FIG. 6 is a block diagram ofthe connection between the LAN and a packet switched network;

FIG. 7 is a block diagram of part ofthe wireless local loop; and FIG. 8 is a block diagram of cable television system connected to a world wide web.

Detailed Description of the Drawings

The present invention provides a flexible, constant connection communication network to connect computers (local area networks) separated by large distances, at a reasonable cost. FIG. 2 shows a schematic diagram of one version of a communication network 30 that provides these benefits. A local area network (LAN) 32, such as those found in offices throughout the world, is connected to a wireless local loop 34. The wireless local loop 34 provides the connection between the LAN 32 and a packet switched network 36. The packet switched network 36 provides the long haul communications transport. The packet switched network 36 is connected to a second wireless local loop 38, that provides the connection to a second local area network (LAN) 40 The wireless local loops 34, 38 allow the company to bypass the local Bell operating companies. Thus saving the cost of leasing a telephone line to reach the packet switched network 36

The packet switched network 36 allows the company to use a non-dedicated long haul resource Thus the company only has to pay for the amount of bandwidth in actually needs and uses instead of having to pay for bandwidth in fixed increments In addition, the packet switching network is a logical connection allowing data packets to be delivered anywhere instead of between two fixed points

FIG 3 is another embodiment ofthe invention A communication network 50 has a cable television system (CATV) 52 connected to a packet switched network 54 The packet switched network 54 is then connected to a wireless local loop 56 that in turn is connected to a local area network 58 FIG 3 differs from FIG 2 in that the LAN 32 and wireless local loop 34 are replaced by a cable television system CATV 52 This embodiment takes advantage ofthe unused spectrum in the CATV system 52 to implement a local area network on the cable plant ofthe CATV system 52

FIG 4 shows another embodiment of a communication network 60 This embodiment shows a first LAN 62 coupled through a wireless local loop 64 to a point of presence (POP) 66 In the other embodiments the POP was integrated into the wireless local loop A CATV system 68 also connects to the POP 66 The POP is just a local connection point into a packet switched network 70 On the other end ofthe packet switched network 70 is a second wireless local loop 72 The second wireless local loop 72 is connected to a second LAN 74 and a second

CATV system 76 This embodiment shows that the system can have both a CATV system and LAN multiplexed onto the packet switched network, from the same locale. In addition, it shows that the CATV may have to go through a wireless local loop to reach the packet switched network The packet switched network could be an asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) network, a frame relay network,

X.25 network or any other packet switched network. Many other variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

A more detailed diagram ofthe LAN and connection to the wireless local loop is shown in FIG. 5. The LAN 80 has a number of peers 82 all connected to a cable 84. The peers could be computers, printers or other network devices. The LAN 80 in the preferred embodiment conforms to the ethernet protocol for OSI layers one and two. At OSI layers three and four the LAN 80 preferably conforms to the transmission control protocol and internet addressing protocol (TCP/IP).

However, the communication network can handle LANs operating any of a number layer three and four protocols, such as Apple Talk, Net Bios, Net Beau, BPX/SPX (Novell), or Vines IP. A router 86 is also connected to the LAN 80. The router 86 directs frames of data to a transceiver (microwave transceiver or first transceiver)

88, if the frame of data is addressed to a terminal outside ofthe LAN 80. Besides directing the frame of data, the router 86 converts the data to the TCP/IP protocol if a different protocol is used on the LAN 80. If the wireless local loop is using a wireless Tl or El standard, the router 86 may also reformat the data for Tl or E transmission. Tl is a digital telephone standard and comprises 24 - 64 Kbps telephone lines. El is the European equivalent of Tl and operates at 2.048 Mbps. The transceiver 88 modulates the data for transmission over airwaves. FIG. 6 is a more detailed block diagram ofthe connection from a second transceiver 100 ofthe wireless local loop 102 to a packet switched network 104. Two paths are shown leading from the second transceiver 102. The primary path is through a frame relay network 104. The secondary path is through a world wide web 106. Both the frame relay network 104 and the world wide web 106 are packet switched networks. If the frame relay network 104 sends a message that a path is congested, or that it has lost a packet, the transceiver 100 sends the data along the secondary path through the world wide web 106. The primary path has a coder-decoder (CODEC) 108 connected to the second transceiver 100. The CODEC 108 digitizes any analog data that has been sent from the LAN 110 to the second transceiver 100 In addition, the CODEC 108 inserts error correcting coding into the data stream A router (second router or gateway) 112, connected to the CODEC 108, sends the data packets in the direction of their ultimate destination In one embodiment the router 1 12 also translates the TCP/IP protocol to a user datagram packet (UDP) protocol A digital switch unit 1 14, connected to the router 1 12, provides the appropriate clock and earner for the frame relay network 104 A frame relay access device (FRAD) 1 6, connected to the digital switch unit 1 14, forms up the frames into appropπate packet sizes for transmission over frame relay network 104 The frame relay network 104 has variable data packet sizes up to a maximum size The data packet is contained in a FRAD packet having a fixed frame size, for instance 53 byte frames Other frame sizes are also possible, such as 64 byte frames Ethernet operates on vaπable frame sizes The

FRAD 1 16 forms up frames for transmission over the frame relay network 104 by adding extra bytes to fill up the data packets and adding headers containing control information The frame relay network 104 is a connection based system and requires acknowledgment signals peπodically from the destination address to continue sending frames to the address The FRAD 1 16 used in the invention has been modified to insert a false acknowledgment signal, 7E or seven easy, at the beginning and end of any data stream sent to the same destination As a result the frame relay network 104 allows the data stream to be sent all at once instead of waiting for acknowledgments from the destination address

The second path from the transceiver 100 leads to the world wide web (internet) 106 A CODEC 118 is connected to the transceiver 100 and also to a multiplexer/demultiplexer 120 The multiplexer/demultiplexer 120 connects to a digital switch unit 122, that is coupled to the world wide web 106 This path is only used when the frame relay network indicates that it is congested, losing packets or inoperable Since the data follows the TCP/IP protocol it can easily be sent over the world wide web 106 and thus provides a backup system for the company's private wide area network.

FIG. 7 shows an altemative embodiment, in which both a cable television system and a LAN are connected through the same local access point. The second transceiver 100 receives and transmits data from a LAN. The second transceiver 100 couples to the CODEC 108 and follows the same path as the primary path in

FIG. 6. The CATV system connects to an ethernet frequency translator (modem) 130, that demodulates the radio frequency modulated data and passes baseband data onto a CODEC 132. The CODEC 132 performs the same functions as the CODEC 108 in the primary path of FIG. 6. The CODEC then connects to the router 112.

FIG. 8 shows another embodiment, where the CATV system 134 is just connected to the world wide web 106. This figure shows how a CATV system 134 can be configured to provide broadband access to the internet 106. A unique feature of this system is that computer 136 at the user end ofthe CATV system 134 is always connected to the internet 106, much like a computer in a corporation is connected to the intemal LAN This allows the user to receive email as soon as it is delivered, instead of having to dial up a service to receive email or other services.

The computer has an ethernet access card 138 that connects through a cable modem 140 to the cable plant. A pair of unused frequency bands (6 MHZ) is set aside in the cable system for a broad band ethernet network. The data sent outside the CATV system first passes through a CATV headend 140. The CATV headend

140 is where the television signals are received and formatted for transmission (broadcast) to the subscribers. A modem (ethernet frequency translator) 130 is connected to the cable head end 140. A router 112 connects from the modem 130 to the multiplexer/demultiplexer 120 and then to the digital switch unit 112. The digital switch unit connects to the world wide web (internet) 106.

There has been described a unique communication network for connecting computers or LANs that are widely separated. The communication network provides a flexible, virtual wide area network, making it economical to connect even one computer to the company's network. In addition, the system eliminates the dedicated telephone line leasing costs for both local access and long distance. As a result, the communication network is significantly less expensive for a company to operate. The communication network can also allow a subscriber of a CATV system to access the internet or to create a virtual wide area network.

While the invention has been described in conjunction with specific embodiments thereof, it is evident that many altematives, modifications, and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light ofthe foregoing description. Accordingly, it is intended the invention embrace all such altematives, modifications, and variations as fall within the spirit and broad scope ofthe appended claims.

Claims

CLAIMSWhat is claimed is:
1. A data communications network comprising: a local area network; a wireless local loop coupled to the local area network; and a packet network coupled to the wireless local loop.
2. The data communications network of claim 1, wherein the wireless local loop conforms to a (transmission control protocol/intemet control) TCP/IP transmission and addressing protocol.
3. The data communications network of claim 1 , wherein the packet network conforms to a TCP/IP transmission and addressing protocol.
4. The data communications network of claim 1 , wherein the packet network conforms to a UDP transmission and addressing protocol.
5. The data communications network of claim 1, wherein the wireless local loop conforms to an ethernet protocol.
6. The data communications network of claim 1, wherein the wireless local loop is a wireless Tl/El channel.
7. The data communications network of claim 1, further including a coder-decoder (CODEC) connected to the wireless local loop.
8. The data communications network of claim 7, further including a router connected to the COCEC.
9 The data communications network of claim 8, further including a digital switch unit connected to the router
10 The data communication network of claim 9, further including a frame relay access device connected to the digital switch unit
1 1 The data communication network of claim 9, wherein the frame relay access device inserts an acknowledgment signal at the beginning and end of a data stream
12 The data communication network of claim 1, wherein the local area network conforms to an ethernet protocol
13 The data communication network of claim 1, wherein the local area network conforms to a TCP/IP protocol
14 The data communication network of claim 1, wherein the local area network is implement on a cable television system
15 The data communication network of claim 1 , wherein the wireless local loop comprises a first microwave transceiver, coupled to a router in the local area network, and is in wireless communication with a second microwave transceiver
16 A communications network comprising
a cable television system having a headend and a user end, wherein the user end is connected to a computer through a network card coupled to a cable modem, a modem connected to the headend ofthe cable television system, a router connected to the modem; and a world wide web coupled to the router.
17. The communications network of claim 16, further including a multiplexer/demultiplexer connected between the router and the world wide web.
18. The communications network of claim 16, wherein the cable television system has a channel for broadband ethernet data.
19. A communications network comprising: a first local area network; a wireless local loop coupled to the first local area network; a packet switched network coupled to the wireless local loop; and a second local area network coupled to the packet switched network.
20. The communications network of claim 19, wherein the first local area network conforms to a TCP/IP protocol.
21. The communications network of claim 19, wherein the first local area network includes a router coupled to the wireless local loop.
22. The communications network of claim 21 , wherein the wireless local loop has a first transceiver coupled to the router, in the first local area network, and is in wireless communication with a second transceiver.
23. The communications network of claim 22, wherein the second transceiver is coupled to a second router.
24. The communications network of claim 23, wherein the second router is coupled to a frame relay access device that is coupled to the packed switched network.
25. The communications network of claim 19, wherein the packet switched network is a frame relay network.
26. The communications network of claim 19, wherein the packet switched network is a world wide web.
27. The communications network of claim 19, wherein the second local area network is a cable television system.
28. The communications network of claim 27, further including an ethernet translator coupled to the cable television system and coupled to the packet switched network.
PCT/US1996/015598 1995-09-26 1996-09-24 Communication network WO1997012456A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US53370995A true 1995-09-26 1995-09-26
US08/533,709 1995-09-26

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU73794/96A AU7379496A (en) 1995-09-26 1996-09-24 Communication network

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997012456A1 true WO1997012456A1 (en) 1997-04-03

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WO (1) WO1997012456A1 (en)

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WO1999009685A2 (en) * 1997-08-14 1999-02-25 Telescicom Ltd. Wireless telecommunications system
WO2000035145A2 (en) * 1998-12-07 2000-06-15 Marconi Communications Israel Ltd. Wireless local loop system and methods useful therefor
DE19946795A1 (en) * 1999-09-29 2001-04-12 Mediascape Comm Gmbh Data transmission system for transmission of digital data between LAN and WAN, uses computer system equipped with a radio device to allow data transmission between the LAN and WAN by radio
WO2001043353A2 (en) * 1999-12-09 2001-06-14 Social Fabric Corporation Wireless local loop system for accessing a wide area network
US6791952B2 (en) 1997-10-31 2004-09-14 Nortel Networks Limited Asymmetric data access scheme

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999009685A2 (en) * 1997-08-14 1999-02-25 Telescicom Ltd. Wireless telecommunications system
WO1999009685A3 (en) * 1997-08-14 1999-07-01 Doron Koren Wireless telecommunications system
US6791952B2 (en) 1997-10-31 2004-09-14 Nortel Networks Limited Asymmetric data access scheme
WO2000035145A2 (en) * 1998-12-07 2000-06-15 Marconi Communications Israel Ltd. Wireless local loop system and methods useful therefor
WO2000035145A3 (en) * 1998-12-07 2000-10-19 Marconi Communications Israel Wireless local loop system and methods useful therefor
DE19946795A1 (en) * 1999-09-29 2001-04-12 Mediascape Comm Gmbh Data transmission system for transmission of digital data between LAN and WAN, uses computer system equipped with a radio device to allow data transmission between the LAN and WAN by radio
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WO2001043353A2 (en) * 1999-12-09 2001-06-14 Social Fabric Corporation Wireless local loop system for accessing a wide area network
WO2001043353A3 (en) * 1999-12-09 2002-01-10 Social Fabric Corp Wireless local loop system for accessing a wide area network
US6665296B1 (en) 1999-12-09 2003-12-16 Social Fabric Corporation Network access communication system

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