WO1997006704A1 - Neck, collar bone, and spinal cord protection device - Google Patents

Neck, collar bone, and spinal cord protection device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1997006704A1
WO1997006704A1 PCT/US1996/002701 US9602701W WO9706704A1 WO 1997006704 A1 WO1997006704 A1 WO 1997006704A1 US 9602701 W US9602701 W US 9602701W WO 9706704 A1 WO9706704 A1 WO 9706704A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wearer
resilient
collar
defined
section
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1996/002701
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Michael J. Gajor
Original Assignee
Powersports Safety Company, L.L.C.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/12Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs
    • A63B71/1291Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs for the neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns
    • A41D13/05Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns protecting only a particular body part
    • A41D13/0512Neck or shoulders area
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/0406Accessories for helmets
    • A42B3/0473Neck restraints

Abstract

A resilient elastomeric cervical protection device (10) has a U-shaped neck collar section (16) with ventilation slots (50) through a rear section thereof to provide for air flow from a front open end (39) and through the slots. The collar section is integrally formed with laterally extending wings (18) that have slots (22) to receive mounting straps (14). The ends of the mounting straps have clips (36) that can be anchored onto other apparel of the wearer to anchor the device (10) properly onto the wearers shoulders and about the wearer's neck.

Description

NECK, COLLAR BONE, AND SPINAL CORD PROTECTION DEVICE

TECHNICAL FIELD

The field of this invention relates to a device that protects or reduces risks to a persons neck or collar bone during helmet bearing sports for example vehicular races.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

In accordance with one aspect of the inven¬ tion, a neck collar made from a resilient elastomeric material has laterally extending wings that rest upon the shoulders of the wearer. Each wing is connectable to a strap extending down the dorsal and frontal sides of the wearer. The strap anchors the neck collar to the wearer by being fastened to pants, belt, chest protec¬ tor, cycle seat, or other anchor member.

The neck collar is U-shaped with a frontal opening and inner wall. The inner wall is preferably spaced from the neck of the wearer for clearance there¬ between. The outer wall is spaced enough to provide εufficient thickness to abut the lower edge of a helmet of the wearer if the helmet is sufficiently canted from the normal upright wearing position. According to another aspect of the invention, the back section of the neck collar has vents completely extending through the neck collar to allow air flow from the open front of the collar, through the clearance formed between the neck and the inner wall of the collar and through the vents in the back section. A mounting device is connected to the collar to properly secure the collar upon the shoulders and about the neck of the wearer.

Air flow is also provided under the collar and wings by downwardly extending and spaced apart protru¬ sions depending from the lower surface of the device. The protrusion may be in the form of dimples or other shaped embossments.

In a desired embodiment each wing has at least one slot to receive a strap member therethrough. Preferably a pair of slots is at a dorsal section of each wing and a pair of slots is at the frontal section of each wing. Each slot runs lateral in a direction from the neck collar to the outer end of the wing to receive straps therethrough. Alternatively, the straps may be molded directly in each wing and extend therefrom. The strap may have a snap fit fastener at each distal end which is connectable to a complementary fastener on the inside surfaces of a chest protector. Alternatively, each strap may have one distal end sewn into a wearing apparel such as a shirt, upper section of a wet suit, or overall type driving suit. The other end of the strap has a fastener such as a snap or Velcro™ fastener patch attached thereto which is connectable to a complementary fastener attached onto the wearing apparel. The neck collar may be attached to a strap that forms part of a seat belt restraining system in a race car or other vehicle that uses retaining shoulder straps.

In accordance with another aspect of the invention, a resilient pad having a neck collar section and laterally extending engagement wings are retained on the wearer by straps that engage or are connected to the wings and downwardly depend to the waist section of the wearer. A loop for example a belt, vest or pants, circumscribes the body and is fastened to the straps to retain the collar and wings in place about the neck of the wearer. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Reference now is made to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 is a front perspective view of an embodiment of the device in accordance with the inven¬ tion shown in place on a wearer;

Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the embodiment shown in figure 1; Figure 3 is a front elevational view thereof;

Figure 4 is top view thereof;

Figure 5 is a back view thereof;

Figure 6 is a bottom plan view thereof;

Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along lines 7-7 shown in figure 3;

Figure 8 is a perspective view of the neck collar in accordance with the invention connected to a chest protector;

Figure 9 is a top plan view of the neck collar and straps shown in Figure 8;

Figure 10 is a perspective view of a neck collar according to the invention with a strap system attached to a shirt; Figure 11 is a perspective view of a neck collar according to the invention attached to straps that form a seat belt retaining system for a motor vehicle seat; and Figure 12 is a fragmentary view similar to

Figure 6, illustrating another embodiment of a neck collar according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now to figure 1, a cervical protec¬ tive device generally indicated as 10 includes a one piece cushioning pad 12 and harness straps 1 . The cushioning pad 12 is shaped to provide a u-shaped neck collar 16 and a mounting device 17 that includes inte¬ grally formed shoulder wings 18 that extend from a lower edge 20 of the neck collar 16.

As more clearly shown in figure 4, each wing 18 has a plurality of laterally extending slots 22 therethrough that are spaced in the fore and aft direc¬ tion to allow the harness straps 14 to be threaded therethrough and extend down both the chest 24 and back 26 of the wearer 25. The straps 14 may crisscross along both the chest 24 and back 26 of the wearer as shown in figure 1.

As shown in the figures 2 and 3, each wing 18 is contoured to fit on the upper shoulder collar 27 of the wearer 25 and contoured to have a frontal section 28 and dorsal section 29. The slots 22 are paired off to provide a dorsal overlay strip 30 and frontal overlay strip 31 that retain the harness straps 14 down on the wings 18. Of course, the straps and wings may be operably secured to each other in other fashion, for example snaps, Velcro™, or buckles.

Referring back to figure 1, the front lower ends 32 and rear lower ends 33 of the straps 14 have a clip 36 that can fasten onto the wearers pants 34 or a life vest (not shown) , underpants (not shown) or belt (not εhown) that surround the waist 35 of the wearer 25. It is also contemplated that the rear ends 33 or front ends 32 may be permanently attached to a belt line strap that can be buckled or otherwise fastened about the wearer's waist. The clip 36 can be substituted with other kinds of fasteners such as buttons, snaps, or Velcro™. The neck collar 16 is generally u-shaped with a frontal opening 39. Its outer wall 38 has an outward¬ ly extending lower flange 40 and upper flange 42 as clearly shown in figure 2. The inner wall 44 is straight and is normally spaced approximately 3/4" from the neck 15 of the wearer to form clearance 51. The inner wall may be otherwise contoured for design consid¬ erations. The front tips 46 are bent downwardly to rest against the upper section of the wearer's chest 24 as shown in figures 1 and 2 and to make clearance for the wearer's chin 45 as the wearer turns his head to the left and right.

The rear section 48 of the neck collar 16 has a plurality of optional vent slots 50 therethrough to provide for cooling air flow therethrough as clearly shown in figures 5 and 7. The air flow enters the open front end 39 of the collar and passes through the clearance 51 between the neck 15 and neck collar 16 and out through the vent slots 50. The cooling air flow iε naturally provided when the wearer is racing in oto- cross or water-cross events where high speeds that produce an air flow relative to the rider are normal. To provide further comfort and increased coolness to the user, the bottom surface 54 of the wings 18 and collar 16 are provided with a εeries of emboss¬ ments 56 as shown in figures 2 and 6 such as hemispheres to decrease the surface to surface contact with the pad and provide for air flow therebetween. The embossments may take a variety of other shapes such as ribs, frustoconical or cylindrical protuberances. Figure 12 illustrates an embodiment having fore and aft extending ribs 57 on both sides of each εtrap 14. Alternatively, a plurality of semi-spherical or other shaped cavities may also be formed in the lower surface to accomplish the same results.

The collar 16 has a height of approximately 4" such that its upper surface 58 and outer upper flange 42 are vertically spaced below the lower edge 62 of a helmet 60 to provide unrestricted motion of the helmet during minor motion. However, during severe jolting or shaking, the lower edge 62 of the helmet 60 engages the top surface 58 such that the collar 16 resiliently dampens and curtailε the jolting and εhockε to the head and restricts excessive motion to the head and conse¬ quently the neck and spinal chord. In order to assure proper engagement of the edge 62 to the top εurface 58, the collar 16 needε to be at least 2" thick from the inner wall 44 that is spaced from neck 15.

The pad 12 can be made from a variety of commercially available elastomeric compounds that provide for the needed resilient dampening bias. One such material is Renisol Urethane No. 6832. Of courεe, the pad can be deεigned with other compoundε and be designed with more or lesε reεilient damping effect depending on the roughneεε of the moto-cross or jet-εki race, as well as the amount of flex desired by the wearer.

An alternate method of attachment is shown in figures 8 and 9 where the mounting is to a chest protec¬ tor 61. In this embodiment, the strapε 14 are εhortened and each have a εnap fit faεtener 63 at a front and rear diεtal εection 64 and 66. The chest protector also has complementary snap fasteners 68 that securely engage with the snap fastener 63 to mount the cervical collar device 10 in place. The chest protector haε convention¬ al εhoulder padε 65 overlying the wings 18. The protec¬ tor also has conventional lower ties 69 that connect the front chest pad 65 to the back cheεt pad 67 to complete¬ ly surround the torso of the wearer.

Figure 10 shows a modified mounting device 70 which incorporates straps 72 having a rear distal end 74 permanently sewn onto a rear εhoulder section 76 of a shirt 78. The front distal section 82 of the strap 72 has a Velcro® fastener εection 83 εewn thereon. The εhirt 78 has on its frontal shoulder section a co ple- mentary Velcro® fastener 85 to securely and removably mount the front section of strap 72. The strapε 72 may engage the slots 22 in the same fashion as described above or be threaded through the slots 22 as shown in Figure 10 to securely position the one piece collar pad 12 onto the shoulderε of the wearer.

The neck collar pad device 12 can be incorpo¬ rated directly into a seat belt and εtrap arrangement 90 of a racing vehicle seat 92. The strap 90 passes through the slots 22 of the swings 18 in the same fashion as described above. The fastener buckle assem¬ bly 94 when couples provides for secure and proper positioning of the collar pad 12 about the neck and onto the shoulders of the wearer. Uncoupling of the buckle allows the wearer to leave the seat 92 and one piece pad device 12 without interference from the neck collar 16 due to its open front end 39.

In this fashion, a protective cervical collar is constructed that is eaεily mounted onto the wearer and provideε for a comfortable fit and adequate ventila¬ tion about the neck and εhoulders of the wearer to eliminate undue heat build up as found in prior art devices.

Other variations and modifications are posεi¬ ble without departing from the εcope and εpirit of the preεent invention aε defined by the appended claimε.

Claims

CLAIMSThe embodiments in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as followε:
1. A reεilient cervical collar device for a wearer of a helmet characterized by: a central collar section sized to fit about a person's neck under a lower edge of a helmet asεembly; a pair of εhoulder wingε laterally extending εideways from the central collar section to reεt on the shoulders of the wearer; each wing being operably connected to a strap extending fore and aft to the dorsal and frontal sides of the wearer, said straps having distal sections being anchored to a member secured to the wearer.
2. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 1 further characterized by: said shoulder wings being integrally and εimultaneouεly formed with the collar section, said wings and said collar section being made from the same reεilient elaεtomeric material.
3. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 2 further characterized by: said wings each having a plurality of slots therein that receive each strap therethrough.
4. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 3 further characterized by: said straps having one distal end εewn to a piece of upper apparel wear and a εecond distal end having a fastener element; and said upper apparel wear having a complementary fastener secured thereto for removable engagement with said fastener element on said strap.
5. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 3 further characterized by: said straps having each distal end having a fastener element secured thereto; and said upper apparel wear having a complementary fastener secured thereto for removable engagement with a respective fastener element on said strap.
6. A reεilient cervical collar device aε defined in claim 2 further characterized by: a lower surface of each wing having emboss¬ ments to decrease the amount of direct contact of the lower surface with the εhoulder of the wearer.
7. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 2 further characterized by: said collar εection being generally U-shaped with a front open end and a rear section of the collar section having an air vent extending therethrough to provide air passage from the open end and through the air vent about the neck of the wearer.
8. A resilient cervical collar device for a wearer of a helmet characterized by: a central collar section sized to fit about a person's neck under a lower edge of a helmet assembly; a pair of shoulder wings laterally extending sideways from the central collar section to rest on the shoulderε of the wearer; each wing being conεtructed εuch that it can operably connect to a fastener strap; said shoulder wings being integrally and simultaneously formed with the collar section, said wings and said collar section being made from the same resilient elastomeric material.
9. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 8 further characterized by: said wings each having a plurality of slots therein that are able to receive straps therethrough.
10. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 8 further characterized by: a lower surface of each wing having emboss¬ ments to decrease the amount of direct contact of the lower surface with the shoulder of the wearer and to provide air flow therebetween.
11. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 8 further characterized by: said collar section being generally U-shaped with a front open end and a rear section of the collar section having an air vent extending therethrough to provide air passage from the open end and through the air vent about the neck of the wearer.
12. A resilient cervical collar device for a wearer of a motor vehicle helmet characterized by: a central generally U-shaped collar section made from resilient elastomeric material and sized to fit about a person's neck under a lower edge of a helmet assembly; said U-shaped collar section having a front open end and an inner upright wall normally spaced from the wearer's neck to form a gap therebetween and an upper wall normally spaced from a bottom edge of the helmet; and an air vent extending through the inner upright wall at a rear section thereof for allowing air flow from the open front end and through the gap and out through the air vent; a mounting mechanism for securing the u-shaped collar section in position about the neck of the wearer.
13. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 12 further characterized by: said mounting mechanism including a pair of shoulder wings laterally extending sideways from the central collar section to rest on the shoulders of the wearer; each wing being operably connectable to a strap extending down the dorsal and frontal sides of the wearer, said straps having distal sections being an¬ chored to a member secured to the wearer.
14. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 13 further characterized by: said shoulder wings being integrally and simultaneously formed with the collar section, said wings and said collar section being made from the same resilient elastomeric material.
15. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 13 further characterized by: said wings each having a plurality of slots therein that receive each strap therethrough.
16. A resilient cervical collar device as defined in claim 14 further characterized by: a lower surface of each wing having emboss¬ ments to decrease the amount of direct contact of the lower surface with the shoulder of the wearer and to provide air flow therebetween.
PCT/US1996/002701 1995-08-18 1996-02-29 Neck, collar bone, and spinal cord protection device WO1997006704A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US249595 true 1995-08-18 1995-08-18
US60/002,495 1995-08-18

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU5176296A AU5176296A (en) 1995-08-18 1996-02-29 Neck, collar bone, and spinal cord protection device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997006704A1 true true WO1997006704A1 (en) 1997-02-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1996/002701 WO1997006704A1 (en) 1995-08-18 1996-02-29 Neck, collar bone, and spinal cord protection device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018132524A1 (en) * 2017-01-11 2018-07-19 Trigo Luis Impact absorbing protection unit

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3514784A (en) * 1969-02-07 1970-06-02 Robert F Mcdavid Protective football apparatus
US4338685A (en) * 1980-06-02 1982-07-13 Laporta Jr Phil Cervical collar
US4449251A (en) * 1981-03-02 1984-05-22 Gauthier Jean Marc Neck and collarbone protector
US4821339A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-04-18 Fair Jeffrey D Protective vest having a cervical collar
US4825476A (en) * 1987-11-09 1989-05-02 Andrews Donald L Articulated head, neck and shoulder protective device
US4996720A (en) * 1987-06-23 1991-03-05 Fair Jeffrey D Protective vest having a cervical collar
WO1991003178A1 (en) * 1989-09-11 1991-03-21 Arthur Noel Polson Extra safety crash helmet
US5168576A (en) * 1990-10-03 1992-12-08 Krent Edward D Body protective device
US5353437A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-10-11 Protec Field Gear, Inc. Combination helmet and body protection device
US5404590A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-04-11 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet motion restrictor

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3514784A (en) * 1969-02-07 1970-06-02 Robert F Mcdavid Protective football apparatus
US4338685A (en) * 1980-06-02 1982-07-13 Laporta Jr Phil Cervical collar
US4449251A (en) * 1981-03-02 1984-05-22 Gauthier Jean Marc Neck and collarbone protector
US4821339A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-04-18 Fair Jeffrey D Protective vest having a cervical collar
US4996720A (en) * 1987-06-23 1991-03-05 Fair Jeffrey D Protective vest having a cervical collar
US4825476A (en) * 1987-11-09 1989-05-02 Andrews Donald L Articulated head, neck and shoulder protective device
WO1991003178A1 (en) * 1989-09-11 1991-03-21 Arthur Noel Polson Extra safety crash helmet
US5168576A (en) * 1990-10-03 1992-12-08 Krent Edward D Body protective device
US5353437A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-10-11 Protec Field Gear, Inc. Combination helmet and body protection device
US5404590A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-04-11 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet motion restrictor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018132524A1 (en) * 2017-01-11 2018-07-19 Trigo Luis Impact absorbing protection unit

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