WO1996041925A1 - Building system and components thereof - Google Patents

Building system and components thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1996041925A1
WO1996041925A1 PCT/AU1996/000317 AU9600317W WO9641925A1 WO 1996041925 A1 WO1996041925 A1 WO 1996041925A1 AU 9600317 W AU9600317 W AU 9600317W WO 9641925 A1 WO9641925 A1 WO 9641925A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
building
layers
filling
roofing
members
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1996/000317
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
John Richard Massey
Daniel Ross Smee
Original Assignee
E.P.S. Australia Pty. Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPN3516A priority Critical patent/AUPN351695A0/en
Priority to AUPN3516 priority
Priority to AUPN4521 priority
Priority to AUPN4521A priority patent/AUPN452195A0/en
Application filed by E.P.S. Australia Pty. Ltd. filed Critical E.P.S. Australia Pty. Ltd.
Priority claimed from AU56810/96A external-priority patent/AU5681096A/en
Publication of WO1996041925A1 publication Critical patent/WO1996041925A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/20Roofs consisting of self-supporting slabs, e.g. able to be loaded
    • E04B7/22Roofs consisting of self-supporting slabs, e.g. able to be loaded the slabs having insulating properties, e.g. laminated with layers of insulating material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/292Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and sheet metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • E04D3/352Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material at least one insulating layer being located between non-insulating layers, e.g. double skin slabs or sheets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0445Drainage channels
    • E04D2013/045Drainage channels on inclined roofs
    • E04D2013/0454Drainage channels on inclined roofs at the intersection of roof surfaces, e.g. roof valleys

Abstract

A building member with improved characteristics and a method for making the same is provided. The building members may be provided in sandwich configuration with a foam core (16) and outer skins (12, 14). The foam is preferably polyurethane, while the outer skins preferably comprise sheet metal. A plurality of the building members (11, 13) may be assembled together using assembly members (19) to form wall or rooves and may be conveniently provided as a building system that can be provided in kit form.

Description

Title: BUILDING SYSTEM AND COMPONENTS THEREOF
THE PRESENT INVENTION relates to a building system and components thereof and more particularly to a component roofing system that is easily constructed and customised and eliminates the need for complex frame-work.
Buildings may be constructed from a variety of materials having diverse characteristics and associated costs. Whilst in most developed countries such as Australia the vast majority of houses are constructed from brick it may not always be possible or convenient to construct a building from materials such as brick.
Economical and simple to construct buildings offer an alternative to brick buildings, this alternative being especially attractive where low cost buildings such as houses are required. The attractiveness is enhanced by an alternative that is easily applied in areas where it may be virtually impossible to construct buildings using conventional materials and methods.
Rooves are most often constructed using a timber frame-work over which a covering, such as tiles or metal sheeting, is fitted to provide a roof covering suitable for most domestic and industrial applications. Whilst these roof coverings are widely used and function adequately they are not necessarily the best option in all situations.
A timber framework is often made up of a number of portions, each of which are individually sized and cut to fit various roof profiles. The variety of roof shapes and profiles is considerable and as such the preparation of the various frame¬ work portions can be time consuming and tedious.
The present invention seeks to provide a building system that is simple, economical and which may be conveniently applied in situations and circumstances not conducive to conventional building materials and methods, or at least which offers an alternative to conventional building materials and methods. In particular, the present invention seeks to provide a component roofing system that is simple, economical and easily customised to fit a variety of roof profiles or at least seeks to provide an alternative to roofing systems that are currently available.
Thus, the present invention provides a building member having at least three layers, being external and internal layers and at least one layer of filling between the external and internal layers.
The building member of the present invention is preferably provided as a panel element and may form a wall or roof component. Thus, it will be seen that a plurality of building members of the present invention may be assembled to form a portion or the entirety of a buildings roof and walls.
The building members may be of various forms depending on their particular application within the building system. Thus, the building members may comprise wall members that may be positioned and configured to form the walls of a building. Alternatively, the building members may comprise roofing members that may be positioned and configured to form the roof of the building.
The present invention also provides a building system comprising a plurality of building members, each building member having at least three layers, being external and internal layers and at least one layer of filling between the external and internal layers. Preferably, the building system further comprises an assembly member for assembling the building members together to form a roof or wall.
Throughout the specification the terms external layer and internal layer will be used. It will be appreciated that whilst these terms may be applied in respect of building and roofing members that form the outer surface of a building and thus can be readily seen to have internal and external layers the building and roofing members are not limited to forming the outer surface. They may be positioned within a building to form inner walls and the like of rooms within the building.
The remainder of the description refers to preferred features of the roofin member and roofing system of the present invention. It will be appreciated tha preferred features of the roofing members and methods for forming the sam may apply equally to the wall members which represent an alternative form of the building members.
Thus, the present invention also provides a roofing member comprising at least three layers, being external and internal layers and at least one layer of filling between the internal and external layers.
The roofing members may be of various size, profile and proportion depending on the particular mode of use or application to which they are being put. Preferably, the internal and external layers are formed of the same material, this material preferably being steel sheeting. The roofing members may be formed in a sandwich configuration comprising the internal and external layers and the filling. Whilst the internal and external layers are preferably formed of steel it is envisaged that any other material with suitable qualities may be used to form these layers.
Preferably, the roofing members further comprise a joining means and thus are adapted to be joined together, the individual roofing members when joined together forming a roof covering. The joining means may be of various forms and preferably, the joining means is a portion of the roofing member which is adapted to engage a portion of a neighbouring roofing member. In this preferred form, the joining means may be provided as at least one rebate in the roofing member which receives a portion of the neighbouring roof member. In one form which allows for convenient joining of the building members in a series to form the walls or roof covering the rebates may be provided in either or both of the internal and external layers.
The joining means may also be provided by a portion of the roofing member. Preferably, the portion of the roofing member is adapted to receive an assembly member and in particular the potion of the roofing member may be at least one recess provided in the roofing member. Preferably, the recess is formed in the internal layer of the roofing member and even more preferably, the recess extends the entire length of the internal layer. The recess may be formed to allow for a plurality of roofing members to be joined via an assembly member to form the roof covering.
The assembly member may be of various forms provided it is adapted to join a plurality of roofing members. Preferably, the assembly member comprises a strip member which contacts with and attaches neighbouring roofing members. In one particular form, the assembly member may be adapted to be seated within the recess of the roofing member and be fixedly attached to neighbouring roofing members and result in the formation of a flush joint between joined roofing members.
The joining means may further comprise an overhanging portion of the external layer, so that when positioned for joining to its neighbouring roofing member the overhanging portion overlaps with the external layer of the neighbouring roofing member. Preferably, the overhanging portion lies flush with the portion of the neighbouring roof member and is adapted to be fixedly attached to the neighbouring roofing member.
Thus, in one particularly preferred form the present invention provides a roofing member comprising three layers, an internal layer, an external layer and a layer of filling therebetween which is bonded to the internal and external layers, the roofing member further comprising a joining means to allow for the convenient joining of a plurality of roofing members, the joining means comprising a recess provided in the internal layer and being adapted to receive an assembly member, and an overhanging portion of the external layer. The overhanging portion and the assembly member are preferably adapted to be fixedly attached to the roofing member by a screw or the like.
The filling may be of various forms depending on the requirements of a particular application. In one preferred form, the filling is polyurethane in the form of expanded foam which is bonded to the external and internal layers of the roofing member. Whilst polyurethane expanded foam is preferred, any compound which fulfils the physical requirements of the given application may be used as the filling. The physical requirements are varied and may include strength and rigidity as well as fulfilling additional requirements such as insulation and fire- proofing. In one especially preferred form, the polyurethane foam is a blend of Polyol (blend of ethoxylated glycols and additives) and diphenylmethane-4,4-di- isocyanate.
The polyurethane may be injected to a variety of final densities, although it is preferably approximately 37 kg/m3. Further, the thickness of the roofing members will also vary depending on the physical requirements of the application to give the necessary strength and other physical requirements for the particular application. For example roofing members of 100 mm thickness with steel internal and external layers and a polyurethane filling may be used in applications with up to 7.6 m spans.
The present invention also provides a method of forming a roofing member comprising injecting a filling between the internal and external layers of the building member, the temperature of the internal and external layers and the void therebetween being such that the filling expands and bonds to the internal and external layers to form the roofing member.
The liquid filling may be of various forms provided it is capable of expanding and bonding to the internal and external layers of the building member. Preferably, the filling is polyurethane which is injected as a liquid and expands as a foam to bond to the internal and external layers and thus form the roofing member.
It will be appreciated that the amount of liquid filling injected will vary and is at least partially dependent on the volume of the void between the layers. Preferably, the amount of liquid filling added is such that the void is completely filled and there is no under or over filling of the void.
The temperature of the internal and external layers and the void therebetween may be varied during the method. Preferably, the temperature is approximately 30°C and thus it will be appreciated that the method of the present invention may require temperature adjustment of the internal and external layers and the void therebetween to ensure adequate formation of the building member. Thus, it is envisaged that in the majority of circumstances when the ambient temperature is less than desired, preheating of the internal and external layers and the void therebetween may be applied. Alternatively, if the ambient temperature is higher than desired pre-cooling may be applied.
Preferably, the internal and external layers are held in place during the injection of the filling, the positioning of the layers affecting the formation of the filling on expansion. The layers may be held in place using moulds or frames as required. Preferably, the layers are held in a substantially horizontal position to allow for the filling to expand evenly and thus bind to the internal and external layers.
The present invention also provides a roofing system comprising a plurality of roofing members and at least one assembly member. The roofing system may be varied depending on the particular application and in a preferred form the roofing system may be provided in the form of a kit.
The roofing system may be applied simply and effectively in the construction of rooves of varying form. Rooves constructed according to the present invention are simple and may be applied in a range of applications. The roofing system may incorporate a framework that is easily modified as required and can be customised to form rooves of various profiles and forms. Thus, the roofing system of the present invention may further comprise a frame member. The frame member may be used to form a framework for constructing a roof out of the roofing members of the present invention. Preferably, the frame member has at least two supporting arms and in one particular form the frame member further comprises at least one additional arm. In this preferred form the frame member preferably has a generally star or Y-shaped cross-section.
The frame member may be of various configurations depending on the particular application or mode of use. It will be appreciated that a plurality of frame members of various sizes and configurations may be required during the construction of any given roof. Preferably, the frame member is generally star shaped in cross-section and even more preferably the frame member has a generally Y-shaped cross-section, the arms of the Y forming the supporting arm and the leg of the Y being the additional arm of the frame member. The frame member is preferably configured such that the supporting arms receive the roofing members and thus supply support and strength to a roof constructed using the roofing system of the present invention.
Further, and preferably, the additional arm of the frame member provides lateral support to take loads such as self weight and provide an overall stiffness to the frame member. Preferably, frame members comprising an additional arm will be used in rooves having a pitch over approximately 27°. However, it will be appreciated that frame members comprising an additional arm may be used in rooves having a pitch of less than approximately 27°.
The frame members may be used at the ridges and valleys of the roof. At the ridge of the roof the frame member is preferably used in an inverted Y configuration with the two supporting arms extending generally downwards and the additional arm extending generally upwards. Conversely, at the valleys the frame member is preferably used in an upright Y configuration with the two supporting arms extending generally upwards and the additional arm extending generally downwards. Of course, a particular roofing system may be designed such that the frame members are required to be arranged such that their arms are directed other than generally upwards and/or downwards.
The frame members may be joined in a variety of ways as required. Preferably, the frame members are joined by joining members. The shape and configuration of the joining members may also be varied as required depending on their location. The joining members are preferably pre-fabricated to join frame members from ridge to hip, ridge to valley and ridge to ridge. In this preferred form the joining members are bolted to the frame members.
The present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings which represent one embodiment thereof. It will be appreciated that the description to follow is by no means to limit the generality of the above description. ln the drawings:
Figure 1 is perspective view of a portion of a roofing member;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of two roofing members joined together showing the configuration of the join between the roofing members.
Figure 3 is a perspective view of a frame member forming a portion of the roofing system of the present invention;
Figure 4 is an end view of a portion of the roofing system of the present invention, the portion showing the configuration of a typical roof ridge;
Figure 5 is an end view of a portion of the roofing system of the present invention, the portion showing the configuration of a typical roof valley.
In figure 1 the roofing member generally indicated by the numeral 10 has an external layer 12 and an internal layer 14 each formed of steel profile sheeting with different cross-sectional configurations. The void between the external layer 12 and internal layer 14 is filled with filling in the form of polyurethane expanded foam 16. The polyurethane filling 16 is injected in situ and thus fully fills the void between the layers 12, 14. The lateral edges of the internal layer 14 is formed to include a joining means in the form of a recess (not shown) to allow for the roofing member 10 to be joined to a neighbouring roofing member(not shown). A plurality of roofing members 10 may be joined together to form a roof covering.
Structural tests on the roofing members of the embodiment have been conducted. Tests included assessing; (i) strength and deflection under uniform load (ii) strength and deflection under point loads (iii) effect of cyclic loads (iv) effect of temperature and (v) effect of creep.
Results obtained for uniform and concentrated loads on a building member were combined to give the following results. Mean Failure Load 17.5kN +/- 3kN(SD)
Mean Failure Pressure (2.4m span) 8.57kPa +/- 1.47kPa(SD)
Design Ultimate Load 14.5kN
Design Ultimate Pressure (2.4m 7.1 kPA span)
The performance of the roofing members did not show a dependency on temperatures up to 60° C.
Figure 2 shows how roofing members of the present invention may be joined to form a roof covering. Two roofing members 11 , 13 are illustrated, each having a joining means in the form of an overhanging portion 15 of the external layer 12 and a recess 17 located in the internal layer 14. An assembly member in the form of a metal strip 19 is positioned in the recess 17 and fixed to the roofing members 11 , 13 by screws 21. The overhanging portion 15 of the roofing member 11 overlaps the external layer 12 of roofing member 13 and is fixed thereto via screw 23.
In figure 3 the frame member generally indicated by the numeral 20 has a generally Y shaped cross-section providing two supporting arms 22, 24 and an additional arm 26. The leg of the inverted Y forms the additional arm 26 and the arms of the inverted Y form the supporting arms 22, 24. When in the inverted Y orientation the frame member is conveniently used to support the roofing members towards the ridge portion of a roof. Alternatively, when in the upright Y orientation the frame member 20 is conveniently used to support roofing members 10 at the valley or gutter portion of a roof.
The roof portion illustrated in figure 3 and generally indicated by the numeral 30 shows a typical configuration at the ridge of a roof. The roofing members 10 come together at their uppermost ends at the ridge of the roof and are held in association with the frame member 20 by attachments means in the form of bolts 32 which pass through the roof capping 34, the roofing member 10 and the frame member 20 together forming the roof ridge portion.
The gutter or valley roof portion illustrated in figure 4 and generally indicated by the numeral 40 comprises a pair of roofing members 10 brought together at their lowermost ends at the gutter or valley portion of a roof. The roofing members 10 are held in position at the frame member 20 by attachment means in the form of bolts 32 which pass through the gutter 34, the roofing member 10 and the frame member 20.
It will be appreciated that further modifications and adaptations may be made to the configurations described above. These modifications and adaptations are to be encompassed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims

THE CLAIMS defining the invention are as follows:
I . A building member comprising at least three layers, being external and internal layers and at least one layer of filling between the external and internal layers.
2. A building member according to claim 1 wherein the filling is bonded to the external and internal layers.
3. A building member according to claim 1 or 2 wherein the filling comprises polyurethane expanded foam.
4. A building member according to claim 3 wherein the polyurethane expanded foam is a blend of Polyol (blend of ethoxylated glycols and additives) and diphenylmethane-4,4-di-isocyanate.
5. .A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 4 wherein the filling has a density of 37kg/m3.
6. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the external and internal layers comprise steel skins.
7. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 6 having a mean failure load of approximately 17.5 kN.
8. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 7 having a mean failure pressure of approximately 8.57 kPa.
9. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 8 having a design ultimate load of approximately 14.5kN.
10. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 9 having a design ultimate pressure of approximately 7.1 kPa.
I I . A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 10 further comprising a joining means.
12. A building member according to claim 11 wherein the joining means comprises a portion of the building member which is adapted to engage a portion of the neighbouring building member.
13. A building member according to claim 12 wherein the portion of the building member is at least one rebate provided in either or both of the internal and external layer.
14. A building member according to claim 11 wherein the joining means comprises a portion of the building member which is adapted to receive a assembly member .
15. A building member according to claim 14 wherein the portion of the building member which is adapted to receive the assembly member is a recess located in the internal layer of the building member.
16. A building member according to any one of claims 11 to 15 wherein the joining means further comprises a projecting portion of the external layer.
17. A building member according to claim 16 wherein the projecting portion is adapted to lie flush with and be fixedly attached to the neighbouring building member.
18. A building member according to any one of the preceding claims comprising a roofing member.
19. A building member according to any one of claims 1 to 17 comprising a wall member.
20. A building system comprising a plurality of building members according to any one of claims 1 to 19 and at least one assembly member.
21. A building system according to claim 20 wherein the assembly member comprises a strip of metal or the like and is adapted to reside in the recess of two neighbouring building members thus joining the building members.
22. A building system according to any one of claims 20 to 21 further comprising at least one frame member.
23. A building system according to claim 22 wherein the frame member comprises at least two supporting arms.
24. A building system according to claim 23 wherein the frame member further comprises at least one additional arm.
25. A building system according to claim 23 wherein the frame member has a generally star shaped cross-section.
26. A building system according to claim 24 or 25 wherein the frame member has a generally Y-shaped cross-section.
27. A method of forming a building member according to any one of claims 1 to 19 comprising the steps of; positioning the internal and external layers in a substantially horizontal orientation and injecting a fluid filling into the void between said layers such that the filling expands and bonds to both of said layers.
28. A method according to claim 27 wherein the temperature of the layers and the void therebetween is adjusted to approximately 30° C prior to injecting the filling.
29. A method according to claim 28 wherein the layers and the void therebetween are heated to approximately 30° C prior to injecting the filling.
30. A method according to claim 28 wherein the layers and the void therebetween are cooled to 30° C prior to injecting the filling.
31. A building system substantially as herein described with reference to the drawings.
32. A building member substantially as herein described with reference to the drawings.
33. A roof built using the building system of any one of claims 20 to 26.
34. A building member made according to any one of claims 27 to 30.
PCT/AU1996/000317 1995-06-09 1996-05-24 Building system and components thereof WO1996041925A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPN3516A AUPN351695A0 (en) 1995-06-09 1995-06-09 Roofing system and components thereof
AUPN3516 1995-06-09
AUPN4521 1995-07-31
AUPN4521A AUPN452195A0 (en) 1995-07-31 1995-07-31 Building system and components thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU56810/96A AU5681096A (en) 1995-06-09 1996-05-24 Roofing system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1996041925A1 true WO1996041925A1 (en) 1996-12-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU1996/000317 WO1996041925A1 (en) 1995-06-09 1996-05-24 Building system and components thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO1996041925A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU696161B3 (en) * 1997-05-12 1998-09-03 Kuo Tsung Hsu Machine for making a roofing structure
FR2768758A1 (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-03-26 Francois Curial Insulating panel for building roof
WO2001011161A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2001-02-15 East Richard Self supporting composite roofing panel
WO2001055518A1 (en) * 2000-01-27 2001-08-02 Anjo John R Iv Snap-screw steel frame and concrete building system
GB2384500A (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-07-30 Kingspan Holdings Roofing panel
WO2003102323A1 (en) * 2002-05-31 2003-12-11 Metecno Spa Hidden fastening insulating panel for building roofs and roof thereby obtained
FR2931492A1 (en) * 2008-05-23 2009-11-27 Joel Aubert Modular vertical carrier structure for constructing e.g. individual house, has interconnection units interconnecting panels together and forming structure assembly in form of shell, where panels integrally support loads applied to structure
WO2011061414A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Jimenez, Michel Support structure
CN102209820A (en) * 2008-10-10 2011-10-05 法国阿塞洛米塔尔建筑公司 Composite panel for a wall and method for making same
WO2016089231A1 (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-06-09 Jacinto Ramon P Panelized roofing system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU6360760A (en) * 1959-09-24 1961-02-16 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Laminated building units containing a foamed core
FR2253890A1 (en) * 1973-12-05 1975-07-04 Meker Sarl Metal fire-proof panel with heat and sound insulation - has polyurethane foam injected between two metal plates
EP0030385A1 (en) * 1979-12-06 1981-06-17 Hörmann KG Brockhagen Construction element for doors, gates or the like and process for its production
US4304080A (en) * 1980-01-28 1981-12-08 The Budd Company Construction beam
FR2525662A1 (en) * 1982-04-26 1983-10-28 Fastre Rene Modular building panels of expanded polyurethane in steel casing - for structural assembly using bolted brackets
DE3422622A1 (en) * 1984-05-09 1985-11-14 Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke Ag Tanks, in particular large-volume sewage tanks for sewage treatment works
WO1992013151A1 (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-08-06 Arnes Plåt Ab Building element

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU6360760A (en) * 1959-09-24 1961-02-16 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Laminated building units containing a foamed core
AU1978567A (en) * 1967-04-03 1968-10-10 H. H. Robertson Company Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of composite building sheets and building sheets so manufactured
FR2253890A1 (en) * 1973-12-05 1975-07-04 Meker Sarl Metal fire-proof panel with heat and sound insulation - has polyurethane foam injected between two metal plates
EP0030385A1 (en) * 1979-12-06 1981-06-17 Hörmann KG Brockhagen Construction element for doors, gates or the like and process for its production
US4304080A (en) * 1980-01-28 1981-12-08 The Budd Company Construction beam
FR2525662A1 (en) * 1982-04-26 1983-10-28 Fastre Rene Modular building panels of expanded polyurethane in steel casing - for structural assembly using bolted brackets
DE3422622A1 (en) * 1984-05-09 1985-11-14 Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke Ag Tanks, in particular large-volume sewage tanks for sewage treatment works
WO1992013151A1 (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-08-06 Arnes Plåt Ab Building element

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU696161B3 (en) * 1997-05-12 1998-09-03 Kuo Tsung Hsu Machine for making a roofing structure
FR2768758A1 (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-03-26 Francois Curial Insulating panel for building roof
WO2001011161A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2001-02-15 East Richard Self supporting composite roofing panel
WO2001055518A1 (en) * 2000-01-27 2001-08-02 Anjo John R Iv Snap-screw steel frame and concrete building system
GB2384500A (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-07-30 Kingspan Holdings Roofing panel
GB2384500B (en) * 2002-01-23 2006-11-01 Kingspan Holdings A roof tile panel
WO2003102323A1 (en) * 2002-05-31 2003-12-11 Metecno Spa Hidden fastening insulating panel for building roofs and roof thereby obtained
FR2931492A1 (en) * 2008-05-23 2009-11-27 Joel Aubert Modular vertical carrier structure for constructing e.g. individual house, has interconnection units interconnecting panels together and forming structure assembly in form of shell, where panels integrally support loads applied to structure
CN102209820A (en) * 2008-10-10 2011-10-05 法国阿塞洛米塔尔建筑公司 Composite panel for a wall and method for making same
RU2485259C2 (en) * 2008-10-10 2013-06-20 Арселормитталь Констрюксьон Франс Laminated panel for wall and method of its manufacturing
WO2011061414A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Jimenez, Michel Support structure
WO2016089231A1 (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-06-09 Jacinto Ramon P Panelized roofing system

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