WO1996014021A1 - Bipolar electrosurgical apparatus - Google Patents

Bipolar electrosurgical apparatus

Info

Publication number
WO1996014021A1
WO1996014021A1 PCT/US1995/013858 US9513858W WO1996014021A1 WO 1996014021 A1 WO1996014021 A1 WO 1996014021A1 US 9513858 W US9513858 W US 9513858W WO 1996014021 A1 WO1996014021 A1 WO 1996014021A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
bursts
amplitude
signal
system
apparatus
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1995/013858
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Daniel F. Walsh, Jr.
Michael J. Keating
Original Assignee
Chiron Vision Corporation
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/1206Generators therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00636Sensing and controlling the application of energy
    • A61B2018/0066Sensing and controlling the application of energy without feedback, i.e. open loop control

Abstract

An electrosurgical apparatus comprising a bipolar electrode, and means for generating uniform bursts of high frequency signals (12) having a periodic waveform. The apparatus further comprises means for impressing substantially identical decaying amplitude envelopes (20) on said uniform bursts, and means (30) for applying said impressed bursts to said electrode. Preferably, the periodic waveform is a sine wave form, and the decaying amplitude envelopes decay at a predetermined rate from a preselected initial amplitude. Also, preferably, each of the bursts of high frequency signals has a given time length, and successive bursts are separated by that same given time length.

Description

BIPOLAR ELECTROSURGICA APPARATUS

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention generally relates to bipolar electrosurgical apparatus, and more specifically, to a bipolar cauterizer well suited for use during microsurgery such as micro ophthalmic surgery.

Microsurgical procedures are gaining ever- increasing acceptance in the surgical community for performing precise, minimum invasive surgery for various parts of the body, and one particularly widespread microsurgical application is in the field of ophthalmology. In this application, commonly, a hand piece having a small tool is used either to cut or to mascerate the eye tissue while an irrigation or infusion liquid is brought to the surgery site. The cut or mascerated tissue is carried away from the surgical site by a suction conduit or tube to a collection vessel such as a bag or bottle. A cauterizer may be used to help control bleeding at the surgical site.

Consoles are specifically designed for these ophthalmic procedures. These consoles are used to operate the tools and the suction and infusion lines used in the procedures, and to generate the light that is used to illuminate the surgical site. Typically, these consoles have a modular design and include a multitude of separable or removable modules, with each module being used to operate or to perform a specific task. For example, one module may be employed to operate the hand piece used to cut or mascerate the eye tissue, another module may be used to infuse and aspirate the surgical site, and a third module may be used to operate the cauterizer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of this invention is to improve bipolar cauterizers.

Another object of this invention is to apply a damped sinusoidal wave form power signal to a bipolar cauterizer.

These and other objectives are attained with an electrosurgical apparatus comprising a bipolar electrode, and means for generating uniform bursts of high frequency signals having a periodic waveform. The apparatus further comprises means for impressing substantially identical decaying amplitude envelopes on said uniform bursts, and means for applying said impressed bursts to said electrode.

Preferably, the decaying amplitude envelopes decay at a predetermined rate form a preselected initial amplitude. Also, preferably, the periodic waveform is a sine wave form. Each of the bursts of high frequency signals has a given time length, and successive bursts are separated by that same given time length.

Further benefits and advantages of the invention will become apparent form a consideration of the following detailed description given with reference to the accompanying drawings, which specify and show preferred embodiments of the invention. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is a block diagram illustrating an operating system for a bipolar coagulator.

Figures 2, 3 and 4 illustrate details of the blocks shown in Figure 1.

Figure 5 shows a portion of the output signal generated by an exponential decay circuit of the operating system of Figures 1-4.

Figure 6 shows a portion of a damped sine wave 0 signal generated by the system of Figure 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

With reference to Figures 1-4, in system 10, a c 1 megahertz sine wave oscillator 12 couples its output to an amplitude modulator circuitry (MC1495C) 14. The oscillator 12 generates a 1 megahertz sine wave of constant amplitude.

A timing control circuit 16, comprised of a 0 timing circuit (LM556N) 20 generates an output pulse every 64 micro-seconds. This output pulse is applied to exponential decay damping circuit 20. In particular, the output pulse from circuit 16 operates a switch (SW201) 22, which discharges capacitor C6 of an RC 5 circuit 24, comprised of capacitor C6 and resistor R6, every 64 microseconds. The RC timing circuit 24 is coupled through (U5A) to pin 4 of amplitude modulation circuit 14 to apply a decaying signal, a portion of which is shown in Figure 5. In the preferred Q embodiment, this signal has a maximum amplitude at 64

5 microsecond intervals and decays to zero amplitude in less than 64 microseconds.

The decaying signal modulates the 1 megahertz sine wave signal at amplitude modulation circuitry 14, to generate a damped sine wave signal, as represented in Figure 6. This damped sine wave signal is initiated at a constant periodicity of 64 microseconds and is applied to gain control preamplifier 30, which may be used to adjust the amplitude of the signal. From preamplifier 30, the signal is applied to phasing circuits (U12 and U13) 32, which convert the input signal into a pair of output signals 180° out of phase with one another.

These two output signals are applied to a gain control circuit (AD539) 34, which controls the amplitude of the phase signals. The phase signals are then applied, through push-pull driver circuits 36, to the inputs of class B push-pull power MOSFETs 40. The outputs of the push-pull class B amplifiers are coupled to the primary winding of transformer 42; and the output of the transformer 42 is coupled, via connector 44, to the bipolar electrode forceps, which may be a conventional bipolar coagulator.

Block 46 represents a power supply for transformer 42; and, for example, this power supply may be a 24V to 200V step up DC to DC converter.

The duty cycle of the system 10 is controlled by second timer circuit (LM556) 50. The duty cycle output of this circuit 50 is coupled to one input of gate (U19C) 52, which grounds the power level control input by means of switch (SW201) 54. Preferably, the duty cycle is one second on, one second off--that is. ^ the power signal is applied to the forceps for one second, with successive applications of the power signal being one second apart.

As represented in Figure 1, various parameters j- or operating conditions of system 10 may be sensed by appropriate fault detectors 56, which generate one or more signals that may represent those perimeters.

System 10 may be used for a variety of purposes and in a variety of specific application. For Q example, system 10 may be used during ophthalmic surgery to cauterize the surgical site. Even more specifically, system 10 is very well suited for use in a modular console that includes a multitude of other modules for operating other instruments or for preforming other c tasks related to ophthalmic surgery. For example, system 10 may be used in the console disclosed in co-filed PCT application no. for which priority is based on U.S. s/n 08/330,926 (Attorney docket PD-4395) , the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference.

0 In such an application system 10 or the console includes processor 60. The console processor, generally, may be used to control the overall operation of the console and to act as a communications interface between the console and the operator. Also, commands to c activate or enable power system 10 may be generated by the console processor and transmitted to system 10 via enable circuit 62. Data transmitted in or by system 10 may be transmitted to the console processor to keep that processor, and the console operator, informed of that 0 data. In Figure 1, block 64, represents an electronics module identification block, which is provided with an electronically readable serial number, identifying the power system.

While it is apparent that the invention herein disclosed is well calculated to fulfill the objects previously stated, it will be appreciated that numerous modifications and embodiments may be devised by those skilled in the art, and it is intended that the appended claims cover all such modifications and embodiments as fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims

1 CLAIMS
1. Electrosurgical apparatus comprising: a bipolar electrode; c means for generating uniform bursts of a high frequency signal having a periodic waveform; means for impressing substantially identical decaying amplitude envelopes on said uniform bursts; and means for applying said impressed bursts to -.-. said electrode.
2. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein each of said envelopes has a predetermined rate of decay from a preselected initial amplitude.
3. Apparatus according to Claim 2, wherein ■c said predetermined rate of decay is an exponential rate of decay.
4. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein said periodic waveform is a sine wave form.
5. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein 0 said periodic waveform has a frequency of approximately one megahertz.
6. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein the generating means separates adjacent bursts.
7. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein: each of said bursts has a length equal to a 5 given period of time; and successive bursts are separated by said given period of time. θ. Apparatus according to Claim 7, wherein Q said given period of time is approximately one second.
5
PCT/US1995/013858 1994-10-28 1995-10-27 Bipolar electrosurgical apparatus WO1996014021A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US33092194 true 1994-10-28 1994-10-28
US08/330,921 1994-10-28
US46544795 true 1995-06-05 1995-06-05
US08/465,447 1995-06-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1996014021A1 true true WO1996014021A1 (en) 1996-05-17

Family

ID=26987512

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1995/013858 WO1996014021A1 (en) 1994-10-28 1995-10-27 Bipolar electrosurgical apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO1996014021A1 (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6843789B2 (en) 2000-10-31 2005-01-18 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical system
US6893435B2 (en) 2000-10-31 2005-05-17 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical system
US7195627B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-03-27 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical generator
US7211081B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-05-01 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical generator
EP2676624A1 (en) * 2012-06-18 2013-12-25 Erbe Elektromedizin GmbH High frequency surgical device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3923063A (en) * 1974-07-15 1975-12-02 Sybron Corp Pulse control circuit for electrosurgical units
US5167660A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-12-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Hf surgery device
US5318563A (en) * 1992-06-04 1994-06-07 Valley Forge Scientific Corporation Bipolar RF generator

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3923063A (en) * 1974-07-15 1975-12-02 Sybron Corp Pulse control circuit for electrosurgical units
US5167660A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-12-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Hf surgery device
US5318563A (en) * 1992-06-04 1994-06-07 Valley Forge Scientific Corporation Bipolar RF generator

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6843789B2 (en) 2000-10-31 2005-01-18 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical system
US6893435B2 (en) 2000-10-31 2005-05-17 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical system
US7195627B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-03-27 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical generator
US7211081B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-05-01 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical generator
US7717910B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2010-05-18 Gyrus Medical Limited Electrosurgical generator
EP2676624A1 (en) * 2012-06-18 2013-12-25 Erbe Elektromedizin GmbH High frequency surgical device
WO2013189684A3 (en) * 2012-06-18 2014-03-06 Erbe Elektromedizin Gmbh High-frequency surgical device
CN104284634A (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-01-14 爱尔伯电子医疗设备公司 High-frequency surgical device

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