WO1996013989A1 - One-size panty briefs - Google Patents

One-size panty briefs Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1996013989A1
WO1996013989A1 PCT/DK1995/000434 DK9500434W WO9613989A1 WO 1996013989 A1 WO1996013989 A1 WO 1996013989A1 DK 9500434 W DK9500434 W DK 9500434W WO 9613989 A1 WO9613989 A1 WO 9613989A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
briefs
elastic threads
elastic
characterised
threads
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/DK1995/000434
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Johannes Kristensen
Original Assignee
Sca Molnlycke Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/14Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes
    • D04B21/18Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes incorporating elastic threads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41BSHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
    • A41B9/00Undergarments
    • A41B9/001Underpants or briefs
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/20Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting articles of particular configuration
    • D04B21/207Wearing apparel or garment blanks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41BSHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
    • A41B2500/00Materials for underwear, baby linen or handkerchiefs
    • A41B2500/10Knitted
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2501/00Wearing apparel
    • D10B2501/02Underwear
    • D10B2501/021Hosiery; Panti-hose

Abstract

Disclosed are panty briefs, primarily intended for the fixation of a diaper. Interknitted in the waist portion (5) of the briefs are elastic threads (11, 11') generally extending in the circumferential direction of the waist portion. These elastic threads produce an elastic contraction in the circumferential direction of the briefs in order to establish a tight fit depending on the size of the wearer. In order to obtain the best possible fit for large and small wearers, the elastic threads (11) only form meshes with the base web of the briefs along a portion of the extension of these threads (11) in the circumferential direction of the briefs. This causes the waist portion of the briefs to appear with undulations allowing improved adaptation to large and small wearers without the risk of irritating local pressures.

Description

ONE-SIZE PANTY BRIEFS

The present invention relates to panty briefs comprising a waist portion for enveloping a wearer, said waist portion being knitted together at an edge area in the bottom of the briefs in order to form a crutch area separating two non-united sections of the edge areas at the bottom of the briefs in order to form leg openings, said briefs being produced from a base web with elastic threads, which are distributed across the height of the waist portion, and which extend generally in the circumferential direction of the waist portion in order to provide an elastic contraction in the circumferential direction of the briefs.

It is known from the prior art to produce panty briefs by knitting with different patterns in order to obtain the best possible fit without the need of a finishing treatment of the briefs. In order to obtain a fit and an elastic contraction, it is possible to use different mesh types, tighter knitting and the like in stead of interknitting the elastic threads. The present invention relates to such panty briefs wherein elastic threads are used, and to a lesser extent the mesh type, for providing the fit.

While several solutions have been proposed in order to obtain a fit that makes the briefs as widely applicable as possible, so-called one-size briefs, the known briefs are associ- ated with certain disadvantages.

In order to obtain briefs that will fit a relatively small wearer firmly, a large number of elastic threads are required in the circumferential direction. However, such briefs result in a very high contractive stress on a relatively large wearer. If the briefs are to fit the large wearer, they will be much to loose for a relatively small wearer. Especially in dia¬ per fixation briefs this is a problem. In such briefs relatively strong elasticity is required in order to obtain satisfactory fixation of a diaper. Consequently, the larger wearer will have a very high risk of strong local contractive stress adjacent the elastic threads. This leads to irritations and may also hamper free blood circulation. Solutions to the formation of one-size briefs have been proposed wherein a tack extend¬ ing partially into the briefs is formed at varying distances across the height of the waist portion and at the lateral seams of the briefs. This tack in the waist portion at certain points at intervals across the height of the waist portion may be broken. Breaking a smaller or larger part of the tack makes it possible to produce briefs that fit a large or a small wearer. However, the briefs will comprise a relatively large amount of material being concentrated at the lateral seams. This will naturally cause small wearers to feel uncomfortable due to the elastic forces in the circumferential direction, which will press the folded amount of material against the wearer with high local contractive stress.

There is further a risk that a user may break an excessive part of the tack. This will cause the briefs to be unsuited for use by a relatively small wearer since too feeble elas¬ ticity occurs in the circumferential direction of the finished briefs. This will especially lead to problems in diaper fixation briefs.

Briefs according to the present invention may be seen as a further development of flat knitted briefs described in US patent No. 3,656,324. Materials, knit types, mesh sizes, embodiments etc. disclosed in the US patent may consequently also be used in connec¬ tion with the production of briefs according to the present invention. Alternatively, the briefs according to this invention may also be manufactured by circular knitting.

It is the object of the present invention to remedy the disadvantages of prior art briefs, especially prior art one-size briefs, and in particular briefs for diaper fixation, by dis¬ closing briefs of the type mentioned in the introduction that may be manufactured with an elasticity permitting it to be used by relatively small and relatively large wearers without causing local contractive stress and without fitting too loosely.

This is obtained according to the present invention by briefs being characterised in that at least part of the elastic threads only form meshes along a portion of the extension of said threads in the circumferential direction of the briefs so as to form intermediate por- tions in which the base web is pressed in an outward direction for the formation of un¬ dulations.

Finished briefs in which part of the elastic threads are meshed with the other base web meshes of the waist portion of the briefs only over a portion of their extension will ap¬ pear with undulations. The elastic threads distributed across the height of the waist por¬ tion will contact those areas, oriented in the vertical direction of the waist portion, with which they are interknitted. Owing to this the intermediate areas, which are not in con¬ tact with the elastic threads, will be pressed in an outward direction so that the briefs appear with the undulated waist portion, in which the undulations are oriented with their longitudinal direction in the vertical direction of the briefs. In the direction perpendicu¬ lar thereto, i.e. in the circumferential direction, the undulations will provide sufficient elasticity for safe maintenance of the briefs when placing the briefs on a small wearer. If the briefs are worn by a large wearer, the undulations will, in popular terms, be straight- ened out. This will cause increased elasticity to arise in the circumferential direction.

However, there will only be a relatively small change in the elastic contractive stress.

Furthermore, the contractive stress will not be positioned in single spots. Instead there will be an even distribution of the elastic contractive stress on the wearer across the en- tire circumferential direction of the briefs. Thus, the briefs may be used by a small wearer, in which case the undulations give rise to the required elasticity, and by a larger wearer, in which case increased elasticity will occur due to the stretching of the elastic threads by the straightening of the undulations. The briefs are easy to use as they require no preceding preparation. Furthermore, the briefs will always be suited for use by a large or small wearer no matter if they have previously been expanded to their maxi¬ mum extension.

The briefs according to this invention will not cause a large amount of material to occur at certain areas such as at the lateral seams, which might give rise to irritating contrac- tive stresses on the wearer and which might also make the briefs aesthetically unattrac¬ tive due to the bulges occurring at these large amounts of material. As the briefs will in any use give a largely uniform elastic tension that may be deter¬ mined in advance by the number of elastic threads, the briefs will be particularly suit¬ able as diaper fixation briefs. It will be possible to manufacture the briefs by flat knit- ting on traditional dual track Raschel machines or by circular knitting on traditional cir¬ cular knitting machines.

In the present application the term waist portion refers to those parts being designed to envelop the wearer and extending all the way down to the crutch area between the two leg openings. The elastic threads may thus be placed across the entire height of the briefs, including areas for a waist-band for surrounding the waist of the wearer and an elastic edge area adjacent the leg openings. Thus, also waist-bands and leg cuffs will appear with the undulations and be adaptable to wearers of different sizes. In order to obtain suitable elasticity it has turned out to be advantageous in the briefs for adults to use between 10 and 20 elastic threads, preferably between 14 and 18 elastic threads.

The invention will now be explained in further detail with reference to the accompany¬ ing drawings in which

figure 1 shows an embodiment of briefs according to the invention, figure 2 shows a partial knitting diagram of the briefs shown in figure 1 , and figures 3 to 5 show a partial view to illustrate the undulations of briefs according to the present invention.

Figure 1 shows a substantially rectangular front piece 1 of briefs according to the inven¬ tion manufactured by flat knitting. The rectangular front piece 1 is provided overlaying a largely corresponding rear piece 2 being only visibly at leg openings 3, which are ar¬ ranged on either side of an interknitted crutch area 4 at the bottom of the briefs. The briefs 1 comprise a waist portion 5 designed to envelop the wearer. The front piece 1 and the rear piece 2 are interknitted along lateral edge areas 6 to form a lateral seam 7. The interknitting of the edge areas 6 corresponds to the interknitting made in the crutch area 4.

The front piece 1 and the rear piece 2 are manufactured in endless lengths on a conven¬ tional knitting machine, e.g. a Raschel knitting machine in which one of the needle tracks is used for manufacturing the front piece 1 and the other needle track is used for manufacturing the rear piece 2. The endless lengths are cut across to form separate briefs. This cut is performed in meshproof cutting lines (not shown) at either lateral edge.

At the top of the waist portion 5 a waist-band 8 is formed enveloping a waist opening 9. The waist-band 8 is produced in a matter known per se by means of a large number of elastic threads 10.

The briefs are manufactured with a number of elastic threads 11 generally extending in the circumferential direction of the waist portion. In the embodiment shown this means that the elastic threads 11 extend between the edge areas 6 of the front piece 1 and the rear piece 2, respectively. The elastic threads are able in a manner known per se to pro¬ vide elastic contraction in the circumferential direction of the briefs. This ensures that the briefs fit firmly to the wearer.

Elastic threads will normally as a whole or in part constitute part of the base web of the front piece 1 and the rear piece 2, which are formed with a net-like open mesh structure. This mesh structure is well-known to a person skilled in the art and. therefore, will not be described in detail. It is also well known to use elastic threads interknitted with the base web throughout the circumferential direction of the waist portion. These known elastic threads are designated by 11'.

According to the present invention, part of the elastic threads 11 are only partially inter- knitted with the base web along the extension of the thread in the circumferential direc¬ tion of the waist portion. In the embodiment shown the threads 11 are formed by yarn in the form of highly elastic elastan interknitted with the base web to alternately form fou meshes and extend freely across the subsequent four meshes formed in the base web.

Across the height of the waist portion a total of sixteen elastic threads 1 1 are used. Th threads 11 are only shown on the front piece 1 but corresponding threads will be ar ranged on the rear piece 2. The threads 11 will give the briefs undulations to be ex plained later with reference to figures 3 to 5. The undulations will permit the briefs to b used with satisfactory elasticity on a small wearer and a large wearer.

It is in the interknitting of the elastic threads 11 into the waist portion 5 that the brief according to the present invention differ from the briefs of the prior art. The actual in terknitting of the elastic threads is shown in the knitting diagram in figure 2. It is un derstood that the knitting diagram of figure 2 is only partial and that it is possible t vary the extension of individual areas. Thus, the waist-band 10 may be wider or smaller and the edge area 12 located in immediate vicinity of the leg openings 3 may also hav different extensions.

It appears from the knitting diagram that the elastic threads 11 in the area 13 extending in the vertical direction 14 of the briefs 1 form meshes 15 with the remaining, base web 16, and then follow an area 17 likewise oriented in the vertical direction 14 of the briefs where the threads 11 are not interknitted with the base web 16. The base web is formed with a net-like knitting of textured yarns, e.g. produced from nylon or polyester or elastan yarns.

In the waist band area 10 elastic yarns 18 are used in large numbers in order to form in a manner known per se a very elastic waist-band.

It is understood that the areas 13 and 17 extend across the entire height of the waist por¬ tion 1, i.e. also in the area of the waist-band 10. After knitting, the briefs will appear with undulations shown with an exaggeration in figure 3. Figures 3 to 5 show schematically how the threads 11 and the base web 16 appear in different situations of use. Figure 3 shows a situation in which the briefs are finished and have been submitted to a fixation process known per se. In this situation the briefs are ready for use. Figure 4 illustrates a situation in which the briefs are partially stretched, i.e. a situation in which the briefs are put on a small wearer. Figure 5 shows a situation in which the briefs are widely stretched, i.e. a situation in which the briefs are put on a large wearer.

It is seen in figure 3 how undulations 19 are formed in the base web 16 of the briefs. The undulations have crests 20 in the areas 13 where the elastic threads 11 are interknit¬ ted with the base web 16. There are vales 21 in the areas 17 where the elastic threads 11 are not interknitted with the base web 16. As the elastic threads 11 are highly elastic threads, it is possible to submit them to a very substantial elongation without the exerted elastic power being increased substantially.

In the situation shown in figure 4 the elastic threads 11 are elongated, and the undulat¬ ing base web 16 is partially straightened. Thus, the elasticity of the base web itself does not give much contribution to the elastic force when the briefs are used on a small wearer. This elastic force is primarily provided by stretching of the elastic threads 1 1.

Figure 5 shows a situation in which the base web is stretched and extends substantially parallel with the elastic threads 11. In this situation stretching occurs both in the elastic threads 11 and in the base web 16. As the base web 16 is formed with an open net-like structure, this base web 16 will have a certain elastic force. However, it is well known to a person skilled in the art that the elasticity occurring in the base web may very easily be regulated by the use of different mesh types.

It will be possible to vary the briefs of the invention. Thus, it will be possible to place the elastic threads 11 so that they extend obliquely from the crutch area in an upward and outward direction in a meandering pattern. In this manner the elastic threads may have a position corresponding to the lateral edges of a diaper. This will make the briefs particularly useful as diaper fixation briefs. Because not only a pressure effect along th lateral edges of a diaper is obtained but also elasticity in the circumferential direction o the briefs so that they fit firmly around the waist of the wearer. However, the briefs wil also be useful as diaper fixation briefs with elastic threads 11 extending in the circum ferential direction in the manner illustrated in figure 1.

It will also be possible to manufacture the briefs by circular knitting. In this embodimen no lateral seams will appear. The most important feature, viz. the partial mesh formatio by means of the elastic threads 11 , will also be found in such an embodiment.

Claims

1. Panty briefs comprising a waist portion for enveloping a wearer, said waist portion being knitted together at an edge area in the bottom of the briefs in order to form a crutch area separating two non-united sections of the edge areas at the bottom of the briefs in order to form leg openings, said briefs being produced from a base web with elastic threads, which are distributed across the height of the waist portion and which extend generally in the circumferential direction of the waist portion in order to provide an elastic contraction in the circumferential direction of the briefs, characterised in that at least part of the elastic threads only form meshes along a portion of the exten¬ sion of said threads in the circumferential direction of the briefs so as to form interme¬ diate portions in which the base web is pressed in an outward direction for the formation of undulations.
2. Panty briefs according to claim 1, characterised in that the elastic threads are produced from smooth or wound elastan yarns.
3. Panty briefs according to claim 1, characterised in that the elastic threads are constituted of gum threads.
4. Panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that between 10 and 20 elastic threads, preferably between 14 and 18 elastic threads, are used across the height of the briefs.
5. Panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the elastic threads alternately form meshes 4 times and then extend freely across the subsequent 4 meshes of the base web of the briefs.
6. Panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised i comprising elastic threads that form meshes with the base web of the briefs along th entire circumferential direction of the briefs.
7. Panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised i being manufactured by flat knitting.
8. Panty briefs according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterised in bein manufactured by circular knitting.
9. Panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised i that said elastic threads are highly elastic wound yarns, preferably Lycra®.
10. The use of panty briefs according to any one of the preceding claims as diaper fixa tion briefs.
PCT/DK1995/000434 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 One-size panty briefs WO1996013989A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK126994A DK171093B1 (en) 1994-11-02 1994-11-02 One-size panty and its use as blefikseringstrusse
DK1269/94 1994-11-02

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU3802095A AU3802095A (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 One-size panty briefs
DE1995607324 DE69507324T2 (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 Pants in a size
PL32000895A PL178408B1 (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 Unisize slips
EP19950935869 EP0790783B1 (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 One-size panty briefs
JP51496195A JP2000505153A (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 One size panties Briefs
DE1995607324 DE69507324D1 (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 Pants in a size

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1996013989A1 true true WO1996013989A1 (en) 1996-05-17

Family

ID=8102956

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/DK1995/000434 WO1996013989A1 (en) 1994-11-02 1995-11-02 One-size panty briefs

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0790783B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2000505153A (en)
DE (2) DE69507324D1 (en)
DK (1) DK171093B1 (en)
ES (1) ES2128089T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1996013989A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001087212A1 (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. A disposable garment having an apparent elastic band
US7771406B2 (en) 2001-07-26 2010-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Articles with elasticated topsheets
US7794440B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2010-09-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles with masking topsheet having one or more openings providing a passageway to a void space
US7905871B2 (en) * 2003-10-02 2011-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Elasticated materials having bonding patterns used with low load force elastics and stiff carrier materials

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009048720B4 (en) 2009-10-09 2014-01-16 Medi Gmbh & Co. Kg A process for the production of a flat knitted fabric with a secured end edge, in particular a bandage, as well as flat-knitted fabric

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE933561C (en) * 1952-09-06 1955-11-03 Louis Bahner Elbeo Werke G M B Hosiery with edges of the envelope and their methods of manufacture
US3016726A (en) * 1956-12-06 1962-01-16 Lawson Products Inc Knit fabric incorporating elastic thread and garments formed thereof
DE1920791A1 (en) * 1968-05-15 1969-12-11 Hanes Corp composed of three parts tights
US4527403A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-07-09 Hosiery Maufacturing Corp. Of Morganton Circular knit panty and method
US5280652A (en) * 1992-02-14 1994-01-25 Sara Lee Corporation Garment waistband construction

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE933561C (en) * 1952-09-06 1955-11-03 Louis Bahner Elbeo Werke G M B Hosiery with edges of the envelope and their methods of manufacture
US3016726A (en) * 1956-12-06 1962-01-16 Lawson Products Inc Knit fabric incorporating elastic thread and garments formed thereof
DE1920791A1 (en) * 1968-05-15 1969-12-11 Hanes Corp composed of three parts tights
US4527403A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-07-09 Hosiery Maufacturing Corp. Of Morganton Circular knit panty and method
US5280652A (en) * 1992-02-14 1994-01-25 Sara Lee Corporation Garment waistband construction

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001087212A1 (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. A disposable garment having an apparent elastic band
US7771406B2 (en) 2001-07-26 2010-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Articles with elasticated topsheets
US7794440B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2010-09-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles with masking topsheet having one or more openings providing a passageway to a void space
US8414553B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2013-04-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article with masking topsheet having one or more openings providing a passageway to a void space
US7905871B2 (en) * 2003-10-02 2011-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Elasticated materials having bonding patterns used with low load force elastics and stiff carrier materials

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
ES2128089T3 (en) 1999-05-01 grant
EP0790783B1 (en) 1999-01-13 grant
EP0790783A1 (en) 1997-08-27 application
DK126994A (en) 1996-05-03 application
DK171093B1 (en) 1996-06-03 grant
JP2000505153A (en) 2000-04-25 application
DE69507324D1 (en) 1999-02-25 grant
DE69507324T2 (en) 1999-08-26 grant

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