WO1996000163A1 - Locomotion machine driven by the human walking motion - Google Patents

Locomotion machine driven by the human walking motion

Info

Publication number
WO1996000163A1
WO1996000163A1 PCT/FR1995/000850 FR9500850W WO9600163A1 WO 1996000163 A1 WO1996000163 A1 WO 1996000163A1 FR 9500850 W FR9500850 W FR 9500850W WO 9600163 A1 WO9600163 A1 WO 9600163A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
rear
front
wheel
device
endless
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FR1995/000850
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Albert Cohen
Original Assignee
Albert Cohen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M1/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles
    • B62M1/34Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles by walking on an endless belt
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J1/00Saddles or other seats for cycles; Arrangement thereof; Component parts
    • B62J1/28Other additional equipment, e.g. back-rests for children
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H16/00Effecting propulsion by muscle power
    • B63H16/08Other apparatus for converting muscle power into propulsive effort
    • B63H16/12Other apparatus for converting muscle power into propulsive effort using hand levers, cranks, pedals, or the like, e.g. water cycles, boats propelled by boat-mounted pedal cycles

Abstract

The invention relates to a locomotion machine driven by the walking motion of the user. It is comprised of a frame (1) whereon is mounted a propulsion device (3) driven by a belt transmission device (4, 5). There are provided means (41, 42), in addition to the handle (33), for bearing a portion of the user's body in order to prevent said portion from moving forwards with respect to the frame (1).

Description

locomotion machine driven by the man walking

The present invention relates to locomotion machines using muscle strength and allowing in particular to move on land or in the snow, but also to navigate on the water and in the air and intended to replace such circuses cycles, bicycles, pedal boats and pedal flying machines.

By the French Patent No. 561,327 discloses a vehicle whose propulsion is provided by the walk of a man or an animal on a platform mounted on endless drums whose movement is transmitted to the wheels or caterpillars resting on the ground. This patent provides support for animals. This is a collar or a yoke connected to the frame of the machine. The use of a collar or a yoke for pets such as horses, oxen, donkeys and mules is necessary, since they have no upper body allowing them to build on a handlebar. But for humans, obviously there is provided a support on the handlebars by the forearms in the manner of a bicycle. The vehicle for the man has, as endless platform, two rolling paths on both sides of the vehicle frame. Each is provided for a foot but only one of them is connected by a gear to a pinion of the rear wheel of the vehicle.

Thus, half the muscle power supplied by man vehicle during walking is unused, which is very effective to move the vehicle. Furthermore, the push by a foot of one side of the frame causes an imbalance in the support of the opposite foot onto a conveyor path movement which may cause an injury or a fall. The invention takes the opposite of the known support devices for locomotion machinery operated by manual human walking, by providing for the man standing support means by a body part other than the forearm. Walking is effected by pushing the rear leg backwards through the foot. To mobilize the muscles of the back leg by pushing back on a conveyor path, the walker must have, at least temporarily, a strong support to the front, with a body part other than the back foot, which the prevents it from moving forward. The handlebar is suitable pedaling on bicycles. By against, on vehicles powered by human walking on a platform, a handle bar prevents the movement of the walker forward that to the extent that the forearm push the handlebar forward in constantly, which is not only tiring for the arms, which are usually released during operation and are relatively powerful, but discomfort at the same time or even prevents the handlebar steering control causing sudden changes in direction or fall. The bearing means according to the invention offer a firm support to the front, at least temporarily, to a body portion of the walker other than the rear foot, while overcoming the disadvantage of a support is effected by the forearm. The invention provides for a driven locomotion machine by che mar¬ man who uses it, comprising a frame which is provided, in addition to a handlebar support and direction, means providing a force reaction with the surface on which the machine is intended to move, and on which is mounted a rear propulsion device forwardly driven by a roller transmission device, the feet of the user are move when walking, means other than the handlebar support of a body part of the user, for preventing said portion to move, at least temporarily, forwardly relative to the frame , when the user propels the machine by vements mou¬ walk. The bearing means according to the invention are preferably symmetrical with respect to a longitudinal vertical plane of symmetry of the frame.

Per frame, is meant herein, further part pro¬ cleanly said in the case of a bicycle, a frame, for example in the case of a pedal of a baby carriage, a machine flying. The propulsion device may be in particular a wheel, such as a bicycle wheel and being associated with another non-driving wheel on the frame, but also an impeller, such as a pedal, or a propeller, in particular to move in the air or caterpillar.

In one embodiment of locomotion machine driven by the walking man who uses it, the transmission device includes as pads, first and second endless belts which are mounted such that the displacement of each endless belt from the front to the back rotates a drive shaft of the propulsion device. The first endless belt passes over a first front roller rotatably mounted on the frame, the second endless belt passes over a second front roller rotatably mounted on the frame and the front rollers are rotatable independently of each other about different axes of the drive shaft. The bearing means according to the inven¬ tion for this locomotion machine are two first and second free front or rear wheels mounted respectively on the first and second rollers in or out, so that each endless belt can not move that from front to rear and said body part is the foot.

There in the march of man, a brief moment when both feet touch the ground simultaneously, giving the front foot against-temporary support needed to push the back leg. When the front foot on the endless belt is laid, it has a bearing on his against-endless band, since it can not move from the back to the front because of his blocking free wheel, which allows the rear leg to give its endless belt the rearward thrust required for propulsion.

Unlike third and fourth rear free wheels, which can be provided between the transmission device and the drive device for driving the latter in rotation via the transmission device, the first and second freewheels have the function prevent them from moving endless belt in the opposite movement of the feet, that is to say, to prohibit a derobement of the rear foot forward. To advantageously accommodate the rise of the slope entraîne¬ ment of the propulsion device through the pads to the transmission device, there may be a gearbox having a control and mounted on the axis of entraîne¬ ment between a freewheel gearbox and a rear roller over which the pad associated with the free wheel. To prevent a pad to move laterally relative to the direction of movement of the pads may be provided a guide mounted to the frame on one side of the pad.

In another embodiment of the invention, the support means are provided on the frame at the bust of the user. These support means are associated with transmission driven by walking devices that do not support the foot offer before, but can also be preferably associated with those providing support to the front foot.

This is the case for a propulsion device mounted rotatably via two freewheels dragging in the same direction, and a skid transmission device comprising a first and a second pad cou¬ smoothing, two rails mounted in parallel on both sides of the frame, the transmis¬ sion of movement of the pads to the free wheels being such that the propulsion device is rotated only by a freewheel when one of the slide pads in one direction and by only the other freewheel when the other slide shoe in the same sense, reciprocity means such that movement of one of the pads in one direction causes a movement of the same length and in the opposite direction of the other shoe being provided in this example.

Walking on this transmission device, the slider is slid from the front to the rear. With reciprocity means, the other pad slides from the back to the front. Thus the front foot can have no bearing on his skate, since it is forward translation. For such a transmission device skates, the invention provides bearing means consist of a post mounted on the frame and whose one end terminates in a buffer, rotated by a rear-facing, up to the bust in front of the transmission device in the direction of travel of the machine.

The pad provides support for the bust man standing. It allows the alternative pushed by the accessory muscles of walking: dorsal, lumbar, buttocks, etc. which are much more powerful than the leg muscles. The mou¬ tively forward bust during operation is counteracted through the buffer, which provides the arm duty push the handlebar at every step and makes the steering control of the handlebar by the arms. In addition, by tilting the upper body forward on the buffer, the walker has the supported bust allowing to rest the back muscles in the intervals between two thrusts and push more effectively with the legs skates transmission device . In the accompanying drawings, given solely by way of example: - Figure 1 is a perspective view of a locomotion machine according to the invention,

- Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of support means according to the invention, - Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view of the transmis¬ sion device and the propelling device,

- Figure 4 is a diagram of a variant of the transmis¬ sion device.

Locomotion machine shown in Figure 1 comprises a ambit bicycle 1 supported by a front wheel 2 and having a handlebar 33 of bicycle directing and by a rear wheel 3, which give a reaction force with the ground surface the rear wheel 3 serving as motor and also positive dis¬ propulsion from the rear towards the front. The transmission device is composed of two strips 4 and 5 endless ribbed on the inside and mounted on either side of the frame, on grooved rollers.

2 shows that the strip 4 without end is mounted to rotate on the one hand, a first back roller 6 which makes drive shaft office and which is rotatably mounted on a third freewheel 8 rear which drives a pinion 7 and thus, the rear wheel 3 and, on the other hand, a first roller 9 before. A first free wheel 30 is mounted back on the first roller 9 before, so that it can rotate only in one direction and that the belt 4 endless can only move from the front to the rear. Similarly, there is provided a second freewheel 31 before mounted on a second roller 29 before over which the second web 5 endless and a second rear roller 36, over which the second web 5 endless and on which is rotatably mounted a fourth rear freewheel 38 which also drives the rear wheel 3 via a further gear 37. the components of the transmission device are identical to the band 5 endless those for the band 4 without end, and are indicated in parentheses in Figure 2. the rear roller 36 corresponds to the rear roller 6, the idler wheel 38 back to the free rear wheel 8, the gear 37 to the pinion 7, the band 5 to the endless belt 4 without end, the front idler wheel 31 to the front idler wheel 30, the front roller 29 to the front roller 9. the front rollers 9 and 29 are rotated independently of one another by the strips 4 and 5 endless, as rolls Rear 6 and 36. For each endless belt, the transmission device also comprises means for band tensioning worm, which can be of the pulleys 51 and 53 which are applied in their endless belt by the compression springs 52 and 54. for each endless belt, the transmission device also comprises a guide strip 55 which is fixed to the frame 1 and mounted on the sides of the strips 4 and 5; prevents this guide to move transversely. The springs 52 and 54 are fixed by one end to the guide 55 of an endless belt and by their other end to their respective pulleys 51 and 53.

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view of the transmis¬ sion device and the propelling device. A speed box 140 comprising a com- Mande 141 is mounted between the third wheel 8 and free roller 6.

When walking on the strips 4 and 5 without end, the front foot, which is for example the left foot, against a restraint on its endless band 5 due to blocking of the third freewheel 31 before its roller 29 forward, that prevents movement of the band 5 endless from the rear towards the front, while the rear right foot moves by pushing the first sheet 4 right endless front to rear, the first freewheel 30 before its first roller 9 before being rotated in the counterclockwise direction of a watch. The déplace¬ ment of the front to the rear of the first belt 4 endless rotatingly drives simultaneously in the opposite direction of the counterclockwise its roller 6 and its free-wheel 38 via the box 140 of speed. The free wheel 38 rotates the pinion 7 in the direction of clockwise and thus, the rear wheel 3 in the same direction. This makes a similar movement of the endless belts when it is left foot which pushes rearwardly the band 5 endless and that the right foot is on foot before the web 4 endless. The variant shown in Figure 4, comprises a first and a se¬ cond pads 10 and January 1 slidably mounted on rails extending parallel to the frame 1. The pads 10, with 1 1 were interconnected by the via a chain 12. This chain 12 passes in succession over a first free wheel 13, on an intermediate wheel 14 fixed to the frame and a second free wheel 15. the first and second idler wheels 13 and 15 in turn cause the rotation rear wheel 3 via an axis 16. a rear end 18 of the chain 12 is fixed to the rear end 19 of the first pad 10 and the other end 20 of the chain 12 is fixed to the end back 21 of the second shoe 1 1. in the plane of the rear wheel 3, the first pad 10 and the first free wheel 13 are on one side and the second pad 1 1 and the second clutch 15 are the other side. Each freewheel 13 and 15 rotates the rear wheel 3 in the same direction of travel of the machine, the first free wheel 13 rotationally driving the rear wheel 3 when the second pad 11 slides back and forth, the second wheel free 15 rotationally driving the rear wheel 3 when the first pad 10 slides back and forth. Means of reciprocity, causing a displacement of one of the pads causes a displacement of the same length and in the opposite direction of the other shoe, are constituted by a cable 22 which passes over two pulleys 23 and 24. The ex¬ trémités 25 and 26 of the cable are respectively fixed to the front ends 27 and 28 of the pads 10 and 11. According to the invention, the bearing means 40, 41, 42, 43 shown in Figure 1, may be associated advantageously the skid way transmission device of FIG 4. These means are constituted by a post 40 which is mounted by one end on the frame 1 and the other end is divided into two branches terminating in two buffers 41 42 and rotated by a rear facing. These buffers, for example rubber, are up to the bust of the walker and forward of the pads in the direction of travel of the machine. In the drawing, they come to the shoulders in front deltoid muscles or before the pectoralis major. But, it may alternatively or additionally provide support at scapular in deltopectoral groove or front deltoid and pelvic muscle at both anterosuperior iliac spines. These pads are symmetrical to one another relative to the plane of the wheels. The post 40 enters a frame 43 fixed to the ring 1. The post 40 is located behind the handlebar 33 in the direction of travel of the machine.

When the user walks, the buffers 41 and 42 prevent her bust to move forward, allowing the left foot, for example, slide the left front to back skate. The applied force is transmitted through the chain 12 and the return wheel 14 to the first free wheel 13 which drives the rear wheel 3, the second clutch 15 being disengaged, turning clockwise, therefore inoperative for propulsion. At the same time, the right slider 10 is moved in the opposite direction, that is to say, from back to front, via the cable 22 passing over the pulleys 23 and 24, the right foot is lifted. The right pad 10 comes forward and left 11 back skate. For the support of the bust on the pads, the user can place the right foot on the right skate 10 and repeat the movement previously described. The support of the bust on buffer also allows arms to not be in repulsion on the handlebars 33 and therefore to properly direct locomotion machine.

According to a variant, the propulsion device 3 is driven by the pad 10 through a third free rear wheel 8 and the pad 11 via a fourth clutch 38 backward. According to another variant, the transmission of motion is effected by the front roller. On each front roller is mounted a free wheel which enables the engagement of the driving side and the disengagement of the opposite side and vice versa. A bicycle integral plate of one and the other freewheel is driven alternately by one of them. The movement of the tray is transmitted to the rear wheel through a bicycle chain or an axis. Reversing the direction of rotation can be effected either by crossing in eight of the chain, either by means of a gear. In the case of a bicycle chain, a simple derailleur is used to change speed.

Claims

1. locomotion machine driven by the walking man who uses it, 5 including a frame, which is provided, in addition to a handlebar support and direction, means providing a reaction force with a surface on which the machine is intended to move, and on which is mounted a drive device from the rear to the front driven by a roller transmission device, the feet of the user are moving when walking, and there is provided means, other ιo the handlebar support of a body part of the user, for preventing said portion to move, at least temporarily, forwardly relative to the frame, when the running user.
2. locomotion machine according to claim 1, wherein the frame has a longitudinal vertical plane of symmetry and the bearing means are
I5 symmetry with respect to this plane.
3. locomotion machine according to claim 1, wherein the transmission device includes as pads, first and second endless belts which are mounted such that movement of each endless belt from the front to the rear causes rotating a drive shaft of the propulsion device 0, the first endless belt passes over a first roller mounted rotating on the frame, the second endless belt passes over a second rotating roll mounted on the frame, the rollers being capable of turn indé¬ pendently from each other different axes around the drive shaft, the bearing means are two first and second free wheels mounted respectively 5 lies on the first and second rollers, so as that each endless belt can move only forward and said rearward part of the body is the foot.
4. Machine of locomotion according to claim 1, wherein said part is the chest and the support means are provided at the bust of the user.
5. locomotion machine according to claim 4, wherein the bearing means are constituted by a post mounted on the frame and having one end which terminates in a buffer, rotated by a rear-facing, up to the bust, ahead of the transmission device in the direction of travel of the machine.
6. locomotion machine according to claim 3, which comprises two pads, the propelling device being driven by one of the pads by the inter¬ médiaire a third freewheel and the other skid through d a fourth freewheel.
7. locomotion machine according to claim 6, wherein a gearbox having a control is mounted on the drive shaft between a third and / or fourth freewheel and a third and / or fourth roll over which the pad associated with this freewheeling.
8. locomotion machine according to claim 7, wherein a skid has a side and a guide is mounted on the frame on the side of the pad so as to prevent it from moving laterally relative to the direction of movement of front to rear of the pads.
9. locomotion machine according to claim 1, wherein the propulsion device is a wheel, an impeller, propeller or Caterpillar.
10. locomotion machine according to claim 3, wherein said portion also comprises the bust and the bearing means are provided also at the level of the bust of the user.
PCT/FR1995/000850 1994-06-27 1995-06-26 Locomotion machine driven by the human walking motion WO1996000163A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9407869A FR2721577B1 (en) 1994-06-27 1994-06-27 locomotion machine driven by the march of man.
FR94/07869 1994-06-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1996000163A1 true true WO1996000163A1 (en) 1996-01-04

Family

ID=9464683

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FR1995/000850 WO1996000163A1 (en) 1994-06-27 1995-06-26 Locomotion machine driven by the human walking motion

Country Status (2)

Country Link
FR (1) FR2721577B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1996000163A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2310641A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-09-03 Malome Tebatso Khomo Human powered locomotion
GB2387824A (en) * 2002-04-17 2003-10-29 Chin-Long Fong Scooter with treadmill action

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10104353C1 (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-03-28 Schneider Gmbh & Co Kg Franz Toy vehicle has track bands pressed into engagement with floor surface by weight of child on seating surface of seat positioned between track bands
FR2878498A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2006-06-02 Anghel Muscocea Transmission device for e.g. bicycle, has toothed chain wheel whose rotation, by sprocket meshing with toothed sector, is transmitted to wheel drive via two sprockets mounted on wheel axle shaft and planetary gear wheels, to drive wheel

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191212191A (en) * 1912-05-23 1913-01-16 Jean Baptiste Bradfer Improvements in and relating to the Driving Mechanism of Vehicles.
GB110347A (en) * 1916-10-12 1918-01-24 Auguste Rene Lucas Improvements in or relating to Foot Cycles and Roller Skates.
FR561327A (en) * 1923-01-23 1923-10-19 flatbed vehicle endless
US4960276A (en) * 1989-06-02 1990-10-02 Fittraxx, Inc. Cross country ski exercise apparatus
US5226866A (en) * 1992-05-01 1993-07-13 Nordictrack, Inc. Trimodal exercise apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191212191A (en) * 1912-05-23 1913-01-16 Jean Baptiste Bradfer Improvements in and relating to the Driving Mechanism of Vehicles.
GB110347A (en) * 1916-10-12 1918-01-24 Auguste Rene Lucas Improvements in or relating to Foot Cycles and Roller Skates.
FR561327A (en) * 1923-01-23 1923-10-19 flatbed vehicle endless
US4960276A (en) * 1989-06-02 1990-10-02 Fittraxx, Inc. Cross country ski exercise apparatus
US5226866A (en) * 1992-05-01 1993-07-13 Nordictrack, Inc. Trimodal exercise apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2310641A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-09-03 Malome Tebatso Khomo Human powered locomotion
US5895065A (en) * 1996-02-29 1999-04-20 Khomo; Malome T. Method and means of enhancing human powered locomotion
GB2310641B (en) * 1996-02-29 2000-06-07 Malome Tebatso Khomo Method and means of enhancing human powered locomotion
GB2387824A (en) * 2002-04-17 2003-10-29 Chin-Long Fong Scooter with treadmill action

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2721577A1 (en) 1995-12-29 application
FR2721577B1 (en) 1996-08-14 grant

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