WO1995021044A1 - Cutting cores from amorphous material by non corrosive liquids and abrasives - Google Patents

Cutting cores from amorphous material by non corrosive liquids and abrasives Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1995021044A1
WO1995021044A1 PCT/AU1995/000048 AU9500048W WO9521044A1 WO 1995021044 A1 WO1995021044 A1 WO 1995021044A1 AU 9500048 W AU9500048 W AU 9500048W WO 9521044 A1 WO9521044 A1 WO 9521044A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
cutting
amorphous
cores
liquid
profiles
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1995/000048
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Tadeusz Stec
Original Assignee
A.M.D. International Pty. Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPM3625A priority Critical patent/AUPM362594A0/en
Priority to AUPM3625 priority
Priority to AUPM6443A priority patent/AUPM644394A0/en
Priority to AUPM6443 priority
Priority to AUPM9081A priority patent/AUPM908194A0/en
Priority to AUPM9081 priority
Application filed by A.M.D. International Pty. Ltd. filed Critical A.M.D. International Pty. Ltd.
Priority claimed from AU15714/95A external-priority patent/AU1571495A/en
Publication of WO1995021044A1 publication Critical patent/WO1995021044A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C1/00Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • B24C1/04Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for treating only selected parts of a surface, e.g. for carving stone or glass
    • B24C1/045Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for treating only selected parts of a surface, e.g. for carving stone or glass for cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C3/00Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants
    • B24C3/18Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants essentially provided with means for moving workpieces into different working positions
    • B24C3/20Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants essentially provided with means for moving workpieces into different working positions the work being supported by turntables
    • B24C3/22Apparatus using nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C3/00Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants
    • B24C3/32Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants designed for abrasive blasting of particular work, e.g. the internal surfaces of cylinder blocks
    • B24C3/322Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants designed for abrasive blasting of particular work, e.g. the internal surfaces of cylinder blocks for electrical components
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K2201/00Specific aspects not provided for in the other groups of this subclass relating to the magnetic circuits
    • H02K2201/06Magnetic cores, or permanent magnets characterised by their skew

Abstract

Production of cores for rotating electric machines, from non crystal amorphous materials, by cutting using non corrosive cutting liquid and abrasive powder, and starting cutting on an edge of the material, to prevent delamination.

Description

CUTTING CORES FROM AMORPHOUS MATERIAL BY NON CORROSIVE LIQUIDS AND ABRASIVES.

The invention regards methods of production an electric rotating machines 5 from non crystal (amorphous) magnetic materials.

A primary object of the invention regards lamination and cutting of magnetic material to parts with profiles required for production magnetic circuits of rotating electric machines and using invented methods to existing and to 10 new construction of electric machines.

Amorphous magnetic, materials, also known as non crystal magnetic materials or magnetic glasses, are currently produced by Allied Corporation in US and Japan, by Goodfellow in United Kingdom and Vacuumschmelze

15 GMBH in Germany.

They are made as a very thin (0.017 to 0.05mm), one side oxidised ribbon, according to the United States Patent No. 4.298.382. Their core losses are ten times lower than conventional silicon steel and they are the best for application to cores of electric machines (motors, 0 generators and transformers) [2].

These materials are generally known as Metglas.

At the ribbon stage amorphous materials are not suitable to produce stacked core of transformers and electric rotating machines. 25 Ribbons of amorphous materials are compacted to wound cores or to strips.

They could be hot compacted according to US Patent No. 4.529.458 by the method of pressure and thermal diffusion.

Hot compacted strips are known as Powercore strips.

The Powercore strips are very thin (0.2mm) and extremely brittle. They are 30 cut on 90 and 45 degree only. [4]

Due to reduction of eddy current, process of production standard electric machines from silicon steel requires, assembling the cores from thin (0.3 to 0.5mm) singular cut strips.

35

Such technology is not required to produce cores from amorphous magnetic materials. Amorphous materials are produced as very thin 0.017 to 0.035mm ribbon with resistivity from 123 to 142 (u-ohm-cm), therefore eddy current in singular ribbon are reduced almost to zero. Insulations of a adhesive material and of the oxidise of the ribbon prevent to spread eddy current in laminated strips.

Therefore it is more convenient to laminate much thicker stacks of amorphous magnetic material and then cut them on required profiles.

Development of alternative easier and cheaper method of bonding amorphous ribbons was completed by the inventor and disclosed in this invention.

Ribbons were bonded by special adhesive material, Ardalite F with

Hardener 905 made by Ciba Geigy were found as the best materials for lamination these ribbons to magnetic cores of electric rotating machines. Glue is spread between ribbons of the compacted material. Total stack is compressed and baked below recrystallisation temperature.

Cores are very rigid and brittles with lamination factor higher than 0.825.

They are easy for handling and assembling.

Methods of assembling standard and amorphous cores of 0.5kw asynchronous electric rotating machines are presented on figure 1 , (1 ) - silicon steel core, 180 pieces, (2) - amorphous core 9 pieces.

Amorphous materials are extremely hard (800 to 1100 in Vickers Scale) and it was a main reason which prevented them from using it as a magnetic circuits in electric rotating machines.

Standard cutting methods, for example the guillotine or blank die are not suitable for cutting amorphous materials. The material is mechanically stressed and cracks. Laser and EDM cutting methods melt the amorphous material and cause of undesirable crystallisation.

Additionally, these methods make undesirable connection between separated amorphous ribbons in laminated plates, strips and cores. These connections cause of eddy current and additional losses of energy.

General Electric in 1981 produced electric motor from amorphous material Metglas 2605 CO. The material was cut by chemical method, but the method was found very slow and expensive. [3] Australian Patent No. 623981 gives method of cutting amorphous materials, on a various shapes, in ambient temperature without cracking, melting and undesirable crystallisation and without connections between separated amorphous ribbons in laminated plates, strips and cores. Research shown, that during cutting holes in laminated strips, the material is delaminated adjacent to cutting places.

During cutting blend shapes, delamination occurs much easier. The cutting surface became not perpendicular to the surface of the material, after increasing the cutting speed. It was found that the above method is suitable for cutting laminated strips not thicker than 3mm, with lamination factor not exceed 0.825.

In modern electric machines lamination factor have to be as high as possible. Due to little thickness of the singular cut plate, process of cutting and assembling of completed core of the machine is slow. Although the above method allows cutting amorphous material on any profiles without changing its physical structure, the method is not convenient to massive production of electric rotating machines from amorphous materials.

The current invention presents method of cutting laminated amorphous material on thickness even bigger than 18mm and with higher than 0.825 lamination factor. The invented method is based on liquids and abrasive powders claimed with Australian Patent No. 623981.

The above mentioned method of lamination thick cores of amorphous material together with the method of cutting such cores open a new technology of production amorphous magnetic circuits to electric rotating machines.

To assist with understanding this invention, reference will be made to accompanying with the drawings.

1. Preparation the material for cutting.

Stack of cutting material have to be strongly compressed as near as possible to cutting surfaces as shown on figure 2 and on figure 3, (1 ) - material, (2) clamping tools, (3) - cutting nozzle. The angle "A" have to be the same or bigger than angle "B" of the cutting nozzle.

The pressing tools are absolutely required during cutting materials with higher than 0.825 lamination factor and during cutting any holes in any laminated amorphous materials, even thickness of materials is below 3mm.

2. Preparation of the cutting machine.

Liquids and abrasive powders have to be as required in Australian Patent 623981.

Figure 4 present: (1 ) - very hard amorphous material, (2) - soft interlayer adhesive material, (3) - cutting stream with abrasive powder.

During cutting, the high pressure liquid (3) penetrates soft interlayer space of glue (2). To avoid such penetration and delamination of the material a granularity of the abrasive powder shall be as big as possible and in any case should not be smaller than wide of interlayer glue space.

During cutting hard materials, and in particular during cutting non uniform (laminated) hard materials, the cutting surface become not perpendicular to surface of the material. It was found that the flare effect, as shown on figure 5 depends on energy stream density of cutting liquid, hardness and the lamination factor of the material.

Required perpendicularity will remain if the cutting nozzle is big enough and it is set up as near as possible to the cutting material. In any case of cutting laminated amorphous cores, the distance shall not be bigger than 5 to 7mm.

3. Process of cutting.

To avoid any delamination, the process of cutting is started on edge of the material, The starting edges are also edges any holes made in the material by any method. The starting points are presented on figure 6 where (1 ) - amorphous material, (2) - clamping tools, (3) - cutting nozzle, (4) - starting points.

4. The cutting machine.

4.1. Inclining jet cutting machine. Lack of perpendicularity mentioned above is also reduced, by incline stream of cutting liquid and/or by incline a base of the cut material as presented on figure 7, (1 ) - nozzle with cutting jet, (6) rotared base, (2) - the cut material, (5) - cutting angle.

The flare effect (4) is moved on side on wasted material (3). Such inclining of cutting stream, allows perpendicular cutting of thicker laminated cores, using the same energy density of the cutting stream. Bigger inclining of the cutting jet, allows to cut any required three dimensional profiles in any materials.

Movement of inclining head and/or inclining base is to be controlled by computer program incorporated with main computer program of the cutting machine.

The method was successfully found, using liquid cutting machine, on the cutting of 19mm thick cores, laminated from Metglas ribbons, with required perpendicularity between the cut and the material surfaces as presented on figure 8.

It was also successfully found during cutting cone shape on stator self braked electric machine on 19mm laminated core of Metglas ribbons as shown on figure 9.

4.2 Multi heads machine.

After using too high speed of cutting, lack of required profile occurs on the cutting surfaces.

To intensify the cutting process more than one cutting heads are employed. The heads are supplied by their liquids and abrasive powders. They are controlled by the computer program.

The disclosed cutting method was successfully found, using cutting machine Wizzard 2000, in cutting 19mm thick cores with lamination factor 0.855. Cutting surfaces were perpendicular to the material's surface, very smooth, without any cracking and delamination.

These cores prepared and cut according to the disclosed method were used in prototype production of asynchronous electric motors from amorphous material Metglas 2605 TCA. Tests of these motors confirmed very high quality of lamination and cutting its magnetic cores.

Other Publications

1. D.M. Nathasingh, H.H. Liberman.

"Transformer Application of Amorphous Alloys in Distribution Systems", IEEE Transaction on Power Delivery, Vol. PWRD - 2, No.3, July 1987.

Catalog Metglas Allied Corporation, Parsippany NJ 07054 USA.

3. W.R. Mishler: Test Results on a Low Loss Amorphous Iron Induction Motor. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS - 100, No.6 June 1991.

4. Metglas Catalogue, Powercore Strips Data - 1987.

5. S.D. Washko: Origin of Losses in 2.54cm wide Metglas Alloy 2605 SC. J. Appl Phys. 52 (3), March 1981 , American Institute of Physics.

6. Catalogue of Magnetic Materials. BHP Australia.

Claims

CLAIMSThe claims defining method of production and cutting cores from non crystal, amorphous materials to magnetic circuits of rotating electric machines are as follows:
1. Method of cutting by high pressure liquid of any profiles on magnetic circuits made from non crystal, amorphous magnetic material prepared for using in alternative magnetic field as cores for electric machines, assembled from ribbons, strips or plates by any method, on any thickness, annealed or not, requires using ofnon corrosive cutting liquids and non corrosive abrasive powders.
2. Granularity of abrasive powder, diameter of nozzle, speed of cutting and pressure of liquid, have to be accordingly adjusted to obtain sufficient cutting quality and perpendicularity between cutting surface and surface of the material, in respect of thickness of the cutting material and its lamination factor.
Granularity of the abrasive powder have not to be smaller than wide of interlayer space of the adhesive material. Diameter of nozzle have to be as big as possible in respect to obtain required cut profiles.
The nozzle should be set up as near as possible and no more than 7mm away from surface of the cut material. Liquid pressure have to be of at last
10000 Psi (69000 kPa)
3. During the cutting of profiles in cores of amorphous material with lamination factor higher than 0.8 and during cutting any holes in these materials even lamination factor is lower than 0.8, the cut material has to be strongly compressed as near as possible to such holes and lines of cutting.
4. The cutting lines have to be started from any edge of laminated amorphous core, and/or from any edge of holes in amorphous core.
5. Three dimensional cutting of any inner profiles in the cut material is achieved by incline of the cutting stream. The angle of inclining has to be appropriate to obtain required profiles and surfaces, and it has to be between -90 and 90 degree.
6. The cutting machine should have employ one or more cutting heads supplied with cutting liquid and abrasive powder work according to the same computer program.
7. An adhesive material used for compacting amorphous ribbons to strips and cores to rotating electric machines have to be in liquid or semi liquid stage in ambient temperature and it have to be cured fast in higher (above 80 and below 180 Celsius Degree) temperature, without production of any gas. The material have to be resistant to the higher temperature as required for annealing of amorphous magnetic materials.
PCT/AU1995/000048 1994-02-01 1995-01-30 Cutting cores from amorphous material by non corrosive liquids and abrasives WO1995021044A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPM3625A AUPM362594A0 (en) 1994-02-01 1994-02-01 Electric machines from non crystal magnetic materials
AUPM3625 1994-02-01
AUPM6443A AUPM644394A0 (en) 1994-06-24 1994-06-24 Bulk metallic glass motor and transformer parts and method of manufacture
AUPM6443 1994-06-24
AUPM9081 1994-10-28
AUPM9081A AUPM908194A0 (en) 1994-10-28 1994-10-28 Method of cutting with inclining jet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU15714/95A AU1571495A (en) 1994-02-01 1995-01-30 Cutting cores from amorphous material by non corrosive liquids and abrasives

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995021044A1 true WO1995021044A1 (en) 1995-08-10

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6331363B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2001-12-18 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic components
US6346337B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2002-02-12 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic component
US6348275B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2002-02-19 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic component
WO2003018260A1 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-03-06 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
US6552639B2 (en) 2000-04-28 2003-04-22 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk stamped amorphous metal magnetic component
US6737951B1 (en) 2002-11-01 2004-05-18 Metglas, Inc. Bulk amorphous metal inductive device
US6873239B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2005-03-29 Metglas Inc. Bulk laminated amorphous metal inductive device
US7235910B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2007-06-26 Metglas, Inc. Selective etching process for cutting amorphous metal shapes and components made thereof
US7464630B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2008-12-16 Flow International Corporation Apparatus for generating and manipulating a high-pressure fluid jet
US9008820B2 (en) 2005-08-04 2015-04-14 Par Systems, Inc. Method of compensation for a fluid cutting apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3526162A (en) * 1968-05-21 1970-09-01 Rogers Freels & Associates Inc Process and apparatus for cutting of non-metallic materials
AU8966891A (en) * 1990-12-17 1993-01-14 Global Future Energy Pty Ltd
AU4711693A (en) * 1992-09-01 1994-03-29 Metsa-Serla Oy Method and apparatus for cutting out an edge of a web in a paper machine
EP0618041A1 (en) * 1993-03-22 1994-10-05 Eikichi Yamaharu Method and apparatus for pretreating electronic component manufacturing frame

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3526162A (en) * 1968-05-21 1970-09-01 Rogers Freels & Associates Inc Process and apparatus for cutting of non-metallic materials
AU8966891A (en) * 1990-12-17 1993-01-14 Global Future Energy Pty Ltd
AU4711693A (en) * 1992-09-01 1994-03-29 Metsa-Serla Oy Method and apparatus for cutting out an edge of a web in a paper machine
EP0618041A1 (en) * 1993-03-22 1994-10-05 Eikichi Yamaharu Method and apparatus for pretreating electronic component manufacturing frame

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6346337B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2002-02-12 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic component
US6348275B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2002-02-19 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic component
US6331363B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2001-12-18 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk amorphous metal magnetic components
US6552639B2 (en) 2000-04-28 2003-04-22 Honeywell International Inc. Bulk stamped amorphous metal magnetic component
US7464630B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2008-12-16 Flow International Corporation Apparatus for generating and manipulating a high-pressure fluid jet
WO2003018260A1 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-03-06 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
US7703363B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-04-27 Flow International Corporation Apparatus for generating and manipulating a high-pressure fluid jet
US6766216B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-20 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
US6996452B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2006-02-07 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
EP2258516A3 (en) * 2001-08-27 2013-01-23 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
US6873239B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2005-03-29 Metglas Inc. Bulk laminated amorphous metal inductive device
US7289013B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2007-10-30 Metglas, Inc. Bulk amorphous metal inductive device
US6737951B1 (en) 2002-11-01 2004-05-18 Metglas, Inc. Bulk amorphous metal inductive device
US7235910B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2007-06-26 Metglas, Inc. Selective etching process for cutting amorphous metal shapes and components made thereof
US9008820B2 (en) 2005-08-04 2015-04-14 Par Systems, Inc. Method of compensation for a fluid cutting apparatus

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