WO1995020935A1 - Heated acupuncture needle - Google Patents

Heated acupuncture needle Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1995020935A1
WO1995020935A1 PCT/FR1995/000145 FR9500145W WO9520935A1 WO 1995020935 A1 WO1995020935 A1 WO 1995020935A1 FR 9500145 W FR9500145 W FR 9500145W WO 9520935 A1 WO9520935 A1 WO 9520935A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
needle
characterized
head
provided
heat source
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FR1995/000145
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Philippe Korsec
Original Assignee
Philippe Korsec
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H39/00Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points of the body for physical therapy, e.g. acupuncture
    • A61H39/06Devices for heating or cooling such points within cell-life limits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/06Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating caused by chemical reaction, e.g. moxaburners
    • A61B2018/062Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating caused by chemical reaction, e.g. moxaburners one of the reactants being oxygen
    • A61B2018/064Moxaburners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F7/007Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body characterised by electric heating
    • A61F2007/0071Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body characterised by electric heating using a resistor, e.g. near the spot to be heated

Abstract

A heated acupuncture needle provided with an external heat source (2) combined with a heating device (3) extending inside the needle (1) along the whole length thereof. The needle is particularly suitable for use in human and veterinary medicine.

Description

heating acupuncture needle

The invention relates to the field of medicine, especially traditional Chinese medicine, including acupuncture and moxathérapie and concerns a heating acupuncture needle.

Acupuncture using an acupuncture point heating means is a traditional technique which generally uses wormwood or other means, mostly vegetable, raised to very high temperature, ie smoldering in the manner of a fire.

Currently, this processing technique is carried out as explained in particular in US-A-3,875,944, by means of an acupuncture needle provided at its upper part with a snap receiving sleeve of a moxa or glowing charcoal. Due to the very high heat of moxa or the charcoal, there is a heat transfer by conduction of the sleeve towards the end of the needle, this additional heat is realized for heating deep tissue human over the entire length of penetration of the needle.

This traditional technique of this treatment, however, the disadvantage, firstly, a high risk of burning the skin, on the other, to cause a significant and annoying smoke and, finally, to do not afford to practice permanently moxa and / or outpatient. Indeed, the provision of mugwort or glowing charcoal on the sleeve provided at the end of acupuncture needles present a substantial risk of contacting said mugwort or said charcoal directly with the skin and therefore deep burn thereof due to the temperature of incandescence of mugwort or charcoal which is of the order of 700 ° C. D is necessary, firstly, that the practitioner has the needles of acupuncture such that the heat source remains at least two centimeters from the skin and, on the other hand, during the treatment, the patient remains absolutely stationary in order to avoid any risk of contact between mugwort or coal wood and skin following a movement of the needle due to its flexion capacity. This also results in the need for a deep puncture of at least 5 mm, which prevents the treatment of hard-to puncturer, such as the scalp and face. Similarly, treatment of hairy areas may require prior shaving the skin. In addition, certain skin types are particularly susceptible to the heat generated by smoldering mugwort.

The smoke is a significant drawback, not only because of the inconvenience so caused, but also because said fumes, which contain toxic elements, can cause headaches and other symptoms, which requires the introduction of drainage systems, such as hoods.

Finally, the very fact of the aforementioned risks, it is impossible to consider practicing moxa permanently and / or ambulatory with traditional methods, which require constant presence of the practitioner throughout the treatment, which can last a duration up to 30 minutes or more.

It has also been proposed by EP-A-552 482 to carry out the heating of an acupuncture point by means of a heating source of the electric type, said heating source cooperating with a heat application surface can be disposed on the acupuncture point. Such a device enables certainly heating without risk and perfectly mastered the acupuncture point but, however, the device according to this EP-A-552 482 does not provide heating in the regular depth, full depth , human tissue. It follows that regulation of human thermal phenomena, as obtained by traditional means, only impractical.

The present invention aims to overcome the disadvantages of traditional acupuncture means with moxa, while allowing achieving results comparable in the réguUère heat penetration in human tissue.

She object to effect a heating acupuncture needle characterized in that it is provided with an external heat source cooperating with an integrated heating means in the needle over the entire length thereof. The invention will be better understood from the following description, which relates to a preferred embodiment, given by way of non-limiting example, and explained with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings in which: Figure 1 is an elevational sectional view, greatly enlarged, of a needle according to the invention; Figure 2 is an experimental curve reproducing the temperature levels achieved at the end of the needle according to the invention, on a laboratory animal, and Figure 3 is an experimental curve reproducing the temperature levels obtained intracutaneous surface and using a traditional acupuncture device moxa, also on a laboratory animal.

In accordance with the invention and as shown more particularly in Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings, the heating acupuncture needle 1 is provided with an external heat source 2 cooperating with a 3 integrated heating means in the needle all the length thereof.

The external heat source 2 is present, preferably in the form of a receptacle provided at its lower part a housing 4 for receiving a head the end of the needle 1 and housed in a chamber 5 a device 6, removable or fixed, for producing heat or electric current, said chamber 5 being sealed by a cover 7, a conductive wall 8 of heat or electricity being provided between the housing 4 receiving the head the chamber and 5. According to a feature of the invention, the container forming the heat source 2 is provided at its receiving end of the head Y end of the needle 1, a means 9 holding the head the said needle 1 in the housing 4 of the receptacle.

This holding means 9 may be in the form of disk sectors 10 slidably mounted to the base of the receptacle forming the heat source 2 against the action of return springs, these disk sectors 10 being made of an insulating material or not provided with a ue protection film. Thus, it is possible to tighten the head the needle 1 into the jaws formed by the central ends of disk sectors 10 and to raise the heat source 2 to the skin.

In accordance with one of the invention embodiment, not shown in the accompanying drawings, the holding means 9 can also be constituted by a disk having an opening for introducing the head the needle 1 and rotatably mounted under the base of the container forming the heat source 2 to réahser rapid fixing by rotation or by latching.

According to another characteristic of the invention, the housing 5 has a depth such that in case of closing disk sectors 10 around the head of the needle 1 V, this head the is applied via its top face against the wall 8 conducting heat or electricity provided between the chamber 5 for receiving the device 6 for producing heat or electricity and housing 4. the head the needle 1 is advantageously provided at its lower part a conical tip for engaging the chamfers provided on the corresponding portions of disk sectors 10. This embodiment allows a perfect centering of the heat source 2 of the needle and an application head the against the wall 8.

The conductive wall 8 is mounted on the bottom of the receptacle forming the heat source 2 via an insulating cylinder 11. Thus, the heat or electricity produced by the device 6 for producing heat or electricity is only transmitted to the wall 8 and, therefrom, to the head the needle 1. the heating means 3, integrated in the needle 1 over the entire length thereof, if present, preferably , as a thermal conductor or a resistive wire whose one end is flush with the upper end of the head the needle and is in contact with the conductive wall 8. Thus, by application of heat or electricity on the conductive wall 8, through the device 6 for producing heat or an electric current, said wall 8 transmits said heat or electricity to the end of the heating means 3.

H result, in the first case, a transfer by conduction of said heat to the tip of the needle 1 and a radiation of the heat through the needle over the entire length thereof or in the second case, heating of the resistive wire, also over its entire length and, by radiation and conduction, heat transfer to the needle and from the needle, to the surrounding tissue.

The device 6 consists, for example, by an electrical battery of the button type battery or by an electric accumulator. In such a case, it is sufficient, after placement of the needle 1 to fix the heat source 2 of the head 1 'of the needle 1, so that the means 3 of the needle 1 is in contact power with the battery forming the device 6 via the conductive wall 8 and may heat up. H results in a temperature rise of the whole of the needle, so that the tissue in which the needle is planted subjected, over the entire depth of penetration of the needle 1, a corresponding heating.

Figures 2 and 3 of the accompanying drawings show for the purpose and for comparison, the thermal gradients obtained in the laboratory by an experiment in a rabbit, a function of implantation time, respectively by means of a needle in accordance with the invention (Figure 2) and a conventional device with moxa (Figure 3). Measurements were performed on a laboratory animal, namely a live rabbit anesthetized, regarding the traditional device, respectively measuring the external temperature of the skin with provision of moxa to 22 mm above the skin and of the subcutaneous temperature (Figure 3).

With regard to the needle according to the invention, only the tip of the needle in temperature levels were identified.

In the first case, it is shown that the heated needle according to the invention allows constant heat rise throughout the needle with a determined elevation of about 1.5 ° C to a depth of 5 mm this rise in temperature is reached rapidly, ie within a period of about 30 seconds. As a result, although inertia greater can be expected, that the reproduction of the thermal effect obtained in the traditional way is made faster. In the second case, two curves are shown, namely on the surface temperature or outside temperature and that on the intracutaneous temperature.

These measurements show an increase in temperature of about 6.2 ° C. after 345 seconds at the skin level and an increase of about 3.4 ° C after 420 seconds subcutaneous this increase is reduced to 1.5 ° C after the same period to a depth of

5 mm.

As an indication, at a depth of 10 mm and after 530 seconds, the temperature rise is about 0.8 ° C. These last measurement show that in a traditional treatment, the temperature gradient decreases along the needle from the incandescent moxa to 700 ° C, through the entry into the skin, where the increase is of the order of 6.2 ° C followed by subcutaneous about 3.4 ° C, finally deep into the thickness of the muscle tissue where this gradient reaches respectively 1.5 ° C and 0.8 ° C at 5 mm and 10 mm.

As perfectly shows representative curves for the needle of experimental results according to the invention compared with an existing device, the invention allows obtaining results in all respects comparable to those obtained by conventional means. Experimentation allows to demonstrate the important and heat loss with traditional means. Furthermore, it was also necessary to take comparative measurements in gel having a similar thermal conductivity to that of the human body, as well as meat, which has similar characteristics to that of non-vascularized muscle tissue. These measures not reproduced in detail, showed an identical thermal rise for the needle of the invention to that obtained traditionally.

According to another characteristic of the invention, the device 6 can also be constituted by a physico-chemical or other means, such as a mixture having an exothermic reaction. In such a case, the component contained in the housing 5 closed by the cover 7 transmits the heat to the wall 8 and, via the latter, by means 3 which carries out the distribution radiation over the entire length of the needle 1.

The needle according to the invention is intended to allow a temperature increase for the treatment of the order of 10 ° C. This temperature increase can be obtained in known manner, by a choice of resistance of the resistive wire and the current delivered by the battery or the electricity storage device or by the choice of a physicochemical means having a perfectly controlled exothermic reaction. As a result, the modulation of the degree of heat to get can be perfectly defined. The needle 1 may have a straight shape or a curved shape depending on implantation sites and have an end shaped "seven stars" or "plum blossom", that is to say presenting ramifications ending with several peaks.

Thanks to the invention, it is possible to perform heating in the deep dermis, the acupuncture point or reflexotherapy by means of an acupuncture needle.

It is thus possible réahser a non-exclusive single stimulation, depth and scope variables by means of a portable, self-contained assembly that does not require an external connection via son or other wirings.

treatment duration by heat can be completely controlled by interruption of heat generation by intervention in the heater or by separation of the heating device with the head of the needle. Furthermore, the invention enables a better implementation of moxibustion technique, firstly, in terms of patient comfort and, secondly, in terms of technical expertise for the practitioner. Indeed, the invention permits treatment allowing ambulation, as well as accessibility of several skin areas simultaneously.

Moreover, the practitioner is no longer held to a constant presence of the fact that the risk of burns is removed and that the heating devices used have sufficient autonomy for a total duration of treatment.

The depth of puncture can also be chosen with complete freedom from the fact that the heating device without risk of burning and that any inclination of the needle with the heating device to the skin is inconsequential. The treatment of hairy areas can also be done without prior preparation by shaving.

Furthermore, this benefit allows in particular the application of acupuncture with moxa in veterinary treatments.

Finally, the needle of the invention, with its heat source is -sment own ι bet regarding its use, namely releases no pollution and can be coupled, unlike the traditional technique, use suckers.

The heating acupuncture needle according to the invention finds application in other areas and, more interestingly, in obstetrics and rheumatology. Indeed, in the field of obstetrics, the invention may allow a muscle relaxant heat input before and during work.

In rheumatology, the invention is applicable for cold-related conditions such as torticollis and lumbago or osteoarthritis. H is the same as regards gastroenterology and pneumology.

Of course, the invention is not limited to the embodiment described and shown in the accompanying drawings. Modifications are possible, especially from the perspective of the constitution of various elements or by substituting technical equivalents, without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims

1. heating acupuncture needle characterized in that it is provided with an external heat source (2) cooperating with a heating means (3) incorporated in the needle (1) over the entire length thereof .
2. Needle according to Claim 1, characterized in that the external heat source (2) is in the form of a receptacle provided at its lower part with a housing (4) for receiving a head (l 1 ) end of the needle (1) and housed in a chamber (5) a device (6) removable or hard, production of heat or electric current, said chamber (5) being sealed by a cover (7), a wall (8) of conducting heat or electricity being provided between the housing (4) receiving the head (1 ') and the chamber (5).
3. Needle according to Claim 2, characterized in that the container forming the heat source (2) is provided at its receiving end of the head (1 ') end of the needle (1), d a means (9) for holding the head (1 ') of said needle (1) in the housing (4) of the receptacle.
4. Needle according to Claim 3, characterized in that the holding means (9) can be in the form of disk sectors (10) slidably mounted to the base of the receptacle forming the heat source (2) against the action of return springs, these disk sectors (10) being made of an insulating material or not provided with a protective film for laying the heat source to the skin.
5. Needle according to Claim 3, characterized in that the holding means (9) is constituted by a disc having an opening for introducing the head (1 ') of the needle (1) and rotatably mounted under the base of the container forming the heat source (2) for réahser rapid fixing by rotation or by latching.
6. Needle according to any one of claims 2 to 5, characterized in that the housing (5) has a depth such that the head (1 ') of the needle (1) is applied by its upper face against the wall (8) of conducting heat or electricity provided between the chamber (5) for receiving the device (6) for producing heat or electricity and the housing (4).
7. Needle according to any one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the head (1 ') of the needle (1) is provided at its lower part with a conical tip for engaging the chamfers provided on the corresponding portions of disk sectors (10).
8. Needle according to Claim 2, characterized in that the conductor wall (8) is mounted on the bottom of the receptacle forming the heat source (2) via an insulating cylinder (11).
9. Needle according to Claim 2, characterized in that the heating means (3), integrated into the needle (1) over the entire length thereof, is in the form of a thermal conductor or a resistive wire whose one end is flush with the upper end of the head (1 ') of the needle and is in contact with the conductive wall (8).
10. Needle according to Claim 2, characterized in that the device (6) consists of a battery of the button type battery or by an electric accumulator.
11. Needle according to Claim 2, characterized in that the device (6) is constituted by a physico-chemical or other means, such as a mixture having an exothermic reaction.
12. Needle according to any one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the needle (1) has a straight shape or a curved shape as a function of implantation sites and one end shaped "seven stars" or "plum blossom", that is to say ramifications ending in several points.
PCT/FR1995/000145 1994-02-07 1995-02-07 Heated acupuncture needle WO1995020935A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR94/01484 1994-02-07
FR9401484A FR2715838B1 (en) 1994-02-07 1994-02-07 portable electric device moxibustion.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU1711595A AU1711595A (en) 1994-02-07 1995-02-07 Heated acupuncture needle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995020935A1 true true WO1995020935A1 (en) 1995-08-10

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ID=9459943

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FR1995/000145 WO1995020935A1 (en) 1994-02-07 1995-02-07 Heated acupuncture needle

Country Status (2)

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FR (1) FR2715838B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1995020935A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997007768A1 (en) * 1995-08-25 1997-03-06 Wolfgang Weber Device for warming the area around the insertion point of an acupuncture needle
FR2754707A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 1998-04-24 Philippe Korsec heating acupuncture needle
CN103169612A (en) * 2013-04-12 2013-06-26 厦门大学 Electric heating acupuncture vibration therapeutic apparatus

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105213183B (en) * 2015-10-21 2017-04-12 成都中医药大学 A Fast Solution moxibustion gloves

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FR1341121A (en) * 1962-06-14 1963-10-25 Tateisi Denki Kabushikikaisha thermoelectric therapeutic instrument
US3875944A (en) * 1974-02-04 1975-04-08 Philip M Toyama Heated acupuncture needle and method of using the same
US3938526A (en) * 1974-05-20 1976-02-17 Anderson Weston A Electrical acupuncture needle heater
GB1514079A (en) * 1977-09-14 1978-06-14 Powell A Acupuncture needles
DE2931610A1 (en) * 1979-08-03 1981-02-05 Walter Landsrath Adhesive plaster - with embedded heating element and pocket for button battery
SU1074528A1 *
SU1507389A1 *
EP0552482A2 (en) * 1991-12-26 1993-07-28 Kabushiki Kaisya Advance Super-compact electric thermal treatment device
US5250068A (en) * 1990-11-30 1993-10-05 Yakuouji Shinkiyu Chiryouin Optical transmission type acupuncture needle

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US4126128A (en) * 1977-04-04 1978-11-21 Haruo Takahashi Electric device for thermally stimulating autonomic nervous system
US4210134A (en) * 1978-03-09 1980-07-01 Kabushikigaisha Omco Pillow for manual therapeutics
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1507389A1 *
SU1074528A1 *
FR1341121A (en) * 1962-06-14 1963-10-25 Tateisi Denki Kabushikikaisha thermoelectric therapeutic instrument
US3875944A (en) * 1974-02-04 1975-04-08 Philip M Toyama Heated acupuncture needle and method of using the same
US3938526A (en) * 1974-05-20 1976-02-17 Anderson Weston A Electrical acupuncture needle heater
GB1514079A (en) * 1977-09-14 1978-06-14 Powell A Acupuncture needles
DE2931610A1 (en) * 1979-08-03 1981-02-05 Walter Landsrath Adhesive plaster - with embedded heating element and pocket for button battery
US5250068A (en) * 1990-11-30 1993-10-05 Yakuouji Shinkiyu Chiryouin Optical transmission type acupuncture needle
EP0552482A2 (en) * 1991-12-26 1993-07-28 Kabushiki Kaisya Advance Super-compact electric thermal treatment device

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
DATABASE WPI Section EI Week 2590, Derwent World Patents Index; Class S05, AN 90-191724 *
DATABASE WPI Section PQ Week 4284, Derwent World Patents Index; Class P33, AN 84-261791 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997007768A1 (en) * 1995-08-25 1997-03-06 Wolfgang Weber Device for warming the area around the insertion point of an acupuncture needle
FR2754707A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 1998-04-24 Philippe Korsec heating acupuncture needle
WO1998017225A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 1998-04-30 Philippe Korsec Heating acupuncture needle
US6346103B1 (en) 1996-10-22 2002-02-12 Philippe Korsec Heating acupuncture needle
CN103169612A (en) * 2013-04-12 2013-06-26 厦门大学 Electric heating acupuncture vibration therapeutic apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2715838B1 (en) 1996-03-29 grant
FR2715838A1 (en) 1995-08-11 application

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