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Napkin with buffer substance

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Publication number
WO1995019190A1
WO1995019190A1 PCT/IT1994/000003 IT9400003W WO1995019190A1 WO 1995019190 A1 WO1995019190 A1 WO 1995019190A1 IT 9400003 W IT9400003 W IT 9400003W WO 1995019190 A1 WO1995019190 A1 WO 1995019190A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
buffer
napkin
sanitary
acid
ph
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IT1994/000003
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Carlo Alfredo Graziani
Original Assignee
Carlo Alfredo Graziani
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/46Deodorants or malodour counteractants, e.g. to inhibit the formation of ammonia or bacteria

Abstract

A napkin for children and adults and/or a sanitary towel for ladies is disclosed to which a buffer substance is added to keep a physiologically correct pH on the surface of the skin for preventing the skin irritations due to the contact with faeces and urine. The buffer substances are placed within the fluff and/or on the surface of the napkin contacting the genitals of the user. Several buffer substances both of the organic and inorganic types as well as disinfectant buffer salts are indicated.

Description

DESCRIPTION Napkin with buffer substance

Technical field

The present invention relates to the field of the napkins for children and adults and/or sanitary towels for ladies, and more in particular concerns napkins and sanitary towels to which a buffer substance is added to keep the surface of the skin at a pH which is physiologically correct, thus preventing the skin irritations.

Backcrround art The merits of the napkin as sanitary means are known for some time. It offers to the child the draining of urine and faeces without ruining his clothes and saves the parents the hard work of washing them continuously. Furthermore, as the napkins are disposable items which cannot then be recycled, they are free from any infection danger unlike the old triangular clothes which were not always duly disinfected.

However, besides such undoubted advantages napkins and sanitary towels also have a serious drawback. In fact, as the faeces are absorbed, the change of the napkin by the parents is delayed, thus increasing the medium time of contact between faeces and skin. Such constant and prolonged contact with faeces characterized by a pH which is very different from that of the skin of the child causes the maceration of the skin with reddening and ulceration of buttocks and genitals of the baby. Disclosure of the invention

The invention seeks to obviate such drawback by providing a napkin capable of adjusting a correct pH, i.e. a pH corresponding to the physiological pH of the skin. The inventive step at the base of the invention is that of adding to the napkins for children and adults as well as to the sanitary towels for ladies buffer substances both of the organic and inorganic types. The invention is based on experimental data: the urine of the first days has a clearly acid pH (pH 5,5) while the pH increases to 7 in the adult. Such data refers to the just excreted urine.

Ammonia is present in a considerable concentration both in the adult and in the child and represents about 5% of the nitrogen in the just excreted urine. However, it increases after a short time from the miction due to the oxygen of the air which oxidizes urea to C02 and NH3. It should not even be excluded that the bacteria have a part in the increase of ammonia since they are in an ideal environment: warm, wet and rich in nitrogenous excretions. Upon changing napkin the odour of ammonia can be usually smelled.

Under these conditions the napkins irritates the skin of the baby since the urine is highly alkaline. It is known that the addition of buffer substances capable of neutralizing the acid and basic influences stabilizes the pH.

Generally the buffer substances are salts of polybasic acids or mixtures of weak acids (or bases) and their salts formed of strong bases (or acids) . The system is easy: the concentration of hydrogen ions of a solution, i.e. the pH, can be changed by adding an acid or a base. If a buffer is added to the solution, the change (ΔpH) caused by adding an acid or a base is reduced. The most common buffers which can be used are mentioned in the following list excluding for obvious reasons the buffer substances having non-physiological pH and those which would be used in a technically wrong way (for example liquid, volatile or toxic buffers) : Citric acid - sodium citrate buffer;

Monopotassic phosphate - bisodic phosphate buffer; Tartaric acid - tartrate salt buffer; Sorbic acid - sorbate salt buffer; Benzoic acid - benzoate salt buffer. Of course, acids or salts alone can also be used when the action thereof is physiologically compatible: for example, boric acid which is very weak. Furthermore, amphoteric substances such as metal hydroxides and/or aminoacids such as glycine. Disinfectant buffer salts such as sorbates and benzoates alone or in addition to other buffers can also be used. The "buffer capability" is given by the buffer value T = 1/V x dN/dpH, where V is the volume of the solution in litres and N is the added amount of acid or base in equivalents.

In the present case it is rather difficult to exactly calculate the buffer capability of the solution formed inside the napkin since the amount of solvent, i.e. the urine excreted by the baby, cannot be known even if the amount of salts is known. It should be appreciated that the number of mictions in a baby aged 12 months can be 2-6 to 15-20 per day. Such are the mean values as a lot of babies urinate 30-40 times a day. Generally in the second year of life the number of the mictions drops to 8-10 per day. The amount of urine after the first 2 or 3 days is more copious than in the adult in relation to the body surface and the weight. In spite of the variability of such values it is however possible to give an example for approximately calculating the buffer solution, thus providing significant information about the necessary buffer substances.

EXAMPLE 1 We assume that a baby aged two produces 600 cc of urine per day and that three napkin changes a day are provided (failing estimate) . 600/3=200 cc of urine per napkin are provided.

In the hypothesis of using a phosphate buffer it is possible to calculate how many grams of sodium dihydrogenphosphate and sodium monohydrogenphosphate should be dissolved in 200 cc of solution to obtain a solution having a pH chosen at random, for example 6,40, and a buffer value also chosen at random, for example 0,05. Concentration = C = 0,05/23 x (l+10PKa_PH)2 / l0PKa_PH = = 0,0217 x (1+100'81)2 / 100'81 = 0,0217 X 55,6/6,456 = = 0,186 moles/1.

Additionally, indicating at T the buffer value and at W the fraction present as acid, T = 2,3 C x W x (1-W) . After calculation: W = 10PKa_PH / 1 + 10PKa_PH, i.e. in the present case: w = !θO,81 / l + 100'81 = 6,456 /7,456 = 0,86.

Therefore:

C(acid) = H2P04~ = W x C = 0,86 x 0,186 = 0,16 moles/1 of acid

C(base) = HP04 2_ = (1-W) x C = 0,14 X 0,186 = 0,0026 moles/1 of base.

Finally, as the molar weights of NaH2P0 and Na2HP04 are

120 g/mole and 142 g/mole, respectively: 0,16 x 120 = 19,2(g/l) X 0,2 = 3,84 g of NaH2P04

0,026 X 142 = 3,69 (g/1) X 0,2 = 0,738 g of Na2HP04, i.e. 3,84 + 0,738 = 4,578 g of powdered buffer phosphate has to be introduced into a napkin.

In the sole accompanying drawing there is shown by way of a non-limitative example a preferred embodiment of the napkin according to the invention.

A napkin for babies is shown in a top perspective view.

Such napkin generally indicated at 4 is provided with a window 6 in front of the genital area 8, i.e. the area contacting the genitals of the child, by scoring and raising the fluff 10. A buffer powder 12 is distributed in the fluff 10. In such embodiment the choice is fallen on a buffer powder consisting of citric acid-sodium citrate.

The effectiveness of the invention has been proven directly in laboratory, after the napkin is closed, by depositing at the buffer zone of the napkin a liquid coat of a 1% phenolphthalein solution.

A 0,6% ammonia solution is poured to that zone. Initially a colour change to red of the phenolphthalein is provided. After 5 minutes the red colour disappears due to the buffer stabilizing the pH to the desired level, namely just acid.

If the problem of the urine is effectively solved by a depth buffer placed within the fluff as described above, the problem of the faeces is conversely solved by placing a buffer at the surface, i.e. a buffer placed directly on the surface of the napkin so as to keep constant the pH of the skin before the excretion of the faeces. In this case, the buffer substance can preferably be chosen among creamy or powdered substances allowing a buffer coat to be laid off on the surface of the napkin contacting the skin of the baby.

Claims

Claims
1. A napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults characterized in that there are incorporated buffer substances such as to keep the pH of the surface of the skin physiologically correct.
2. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of the preceding claim characterized in that said buffer substances are placed within the fluff and/or on the surface of the napkin contacting the genitals of the user.
3. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of the preceding claims characterized in that said buffer substances are salts of polybasic acids or mixtures of weak acids (or bases) with their salts formed of strong bases (or acids) both of the organic and inorganic type.
4. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of the preceding claims characterized in that said buffer substances are in form of granules.
5. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of the preceding claims characterized in that said buffer substances are in creamy or emulsified form.
6. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of the preceding claims characterized in that a buffer powder consisting of citric acid-sodium citrate is used as buffer substance.
7. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 to 5 characterized in that a buffer formed of monopotassic phosphate-bisodic phosphate is used as buffer substance.
8. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 to 5 characterized in that a buffer formed of tartaric acid-tartrate salt is used as buffer substance.
9. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 to 5 characterized in that buffer salts having disinfectant action such as sorbates and benzoates alone or in addition to other buffers are used.
10. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 and 2 characterized in that an acid and/or an extremely weak salt is used as buffer substance.
11. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 and 2 characterized in that an amphoteric substance is used as buffer substance.
12. The napkin and/or sanitary towel for children and adults of claims 1 and 2 characterized in that an aminoacid is used as buffer substance.
PCT/IT1994/000003 1994-01-17 1994-01-17 Napkin with buffer substance WO1995019190A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IT1994/000003 WO1995019190A1 (en) 1994-01-17 1994-01-17 Napkin with buffer substance

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IT1994/000003 WO1995019190A1 (en) 1994-01-17 1994-01-17 Napkin with buffer substance

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995019190A1 true true WO1995019190A1 (en) 1995-07-20

Family

ID=11332165

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IT1994/000003 WO1995019190A1 (en) 1994-01-17 1994-01-17 Napkin with buffer substance

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO1995019190A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001039582A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2001-06-07 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Use of a buffer to prevent candida albicans infections on the skin
US6749860B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2004-06-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with non-aqueous compositions containing botanicals
US6756520B1 (en) 2000-10-20 2004-06-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Hydrophilic compositions for use on absorbent articles to enhance skin barrier
US7771735B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2010-08-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with compositions for reducing irritation response

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE570673A (en) *
GB727631A (en) * 1953-04-20 1955-04-06 Wallco Ab Absorbent articles intended for surgical, dental and sanitary purposes
GB1517043A (en) * 1974-06-12 1978-07-05 Personal Products Co Diaper treated to inhibit conditions arising from microbial production of ammonia
GB2107192A (en) * 1981-10-05 1983-04-27 Univ Delaware Tampon treated to inhibit pathogenic bacteria
EP0130356A1 (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-01-09 Vereinigte Papierwerke AG Tampons having a protective effect against vaginal infections, and method of making them
DE4136540A1 (en) * 1990-11-09 1992-05-14 American Israeli Paper Mills Disposable diaper - has lining layer of liq.-permeable material contg. lubricant, pH reducing agent, disinfectant, etc. to combat skin irritation and dermatitis
EP0564307A1 (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-10-06 Shalom Levi Antiskin rash preparation

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE570673A (en) *
GB727631A (en) * 1953-04-20 1955-04-06 Wallco Ab Absorbent articles intended for surgical, dental and sanitary purposes
GB1517043A (en) * 1974-06-12 1978-07-05 Personal Products Co Diaper treated to inhibit conditions arising from microbial production of ammonia
GB2107192A (en) * 1981-10-05 1983-04-27 Univ Delaware Tampon treated to inhibit pathogenic bacteria
EP0130356A1 (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-01-09 Vereinigte Papierwerke AG Tampons having a protective effect against vaginal infections, and method of making them
DE4136540A1 (en) * 1990-11-09 1992-05-14 American Israeli Paper Mills Disposable diaper - has lining layer of liq.-permeable material contg. lubricant, pH reducing agent, disinfectant, etc. to combat skin irritation and dermatitis
EP0564307A1 (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-10-06 Shalom Levi Antiskin rash preparation

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001039582A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2001-06-07 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Use of a buffer to prevent candida albicans infections on the skin
US6756520B1 (en) 2000-10-20 2004-06-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Hydrophilic compositions for use on absorbent articles to enhance skin barrier
US6749860B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2004-06-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with non-aqueous compositions containing botanicals
US7771735B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2010-08-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with compositions for reducing irritation response

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