WO1995014451A1 - Dressing - Google Patents

Dressing Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1995014451A1
WO1995014451A1 PCT/GB1994/002564 GB9402564W WO9514451A1 WO 1995014451 A1 WO1995014451 A1 WO 1995014451A1 GB 9402564 W GB9402564 W GB 9402564W WO 9514451 A1 WO9514451 A1 WO 9514451A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
dressing
loop
indentations
dressing according
according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1994/002564
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Damian Patrick Mullan
Selvarajah Sivshanker
Original Assignee
Smith & Nephew Plc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F15/00Auxiliary appliances for wound dressings; Dispensing containers for dressings or bandages
    • A61F15/005Bandage applicators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • A61F13/0203Adhesive plasters or dressings having a fluid handling member
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • A61F13/023Adhesive plasters or dressings wound covering film layers without a fluid handling layer
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/66Garments, holders or supports not integral with absorbent pads
    • A61F13/82Garments, holders or supports not integral with absorbent pads with means for attaching to the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00544Plasters form or structure
    • A61F2013/00553Plasters form or structure with detachable parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00544Plasters form or structure
    • A61F2013/00574Plasters form or structure shaped as a body part
    • A61F2013/00578Plasters form or structure shaped as a body part conformable; soft or flexible, e.g. elastomeric
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00727Plasters means for wound humidity control
    • A61F2013/00731Plasters means for wound humidity control with absorbing pads
    • A61F2013/0074Plasters means for wound humidity control with absorbing pads containing foams
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00727Plasters means for wound humidity control
    • A61F2013/00748Plasters means for wound humidity control with hydrocolloids or superabsorbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00795Plasters special helping devices
    • A61F2013/00817Plasters special helping devices handles or handling tabs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00855Plasters pervious to air or vapours
    • A61F2013/00868Plasters pervious to air or vapours thin film

Abstract

A dressing is provided with a loop to aid in positioning the dressing at a contoured region (e.g. the coccyx region) of a patient.

Description

DRESSING

The present invention relates to a medical dressing for a contoured body surface and to a method of applying such a dressing.

Conventional wound dressings are usually planar and may be cut into various shapes to enable them to be more easily applied to a body surface than might otherwise be the case.

However it is nevertheless sometimes difficult for such dressings to be applied to a body surface in a manner which avoids creasing or rucking. This is particularly the case where the dressing is provided with an adhesive coating over some or all of its body facing surface. Furthermore, even if creasing or rucking can be avoided, if the body surface to which the dressing is to be applied is contoured then it can be difficult and time consuming to apply the dressing in an accurate manner over the contours.

In order to overcome or at least alleviate at least some of the above mentioned disadvantages, the present invention provides a dressing comprising a conformable material with a lower wound- contacting surface and an upper surface, characterised in that the dressing comprises a loop for receiving a body member of a user so that the body member contacts the upper surface and simultaneously supports the dressing.

Preferably the wound-contacting surface of the dressing is an adhesive surface, for example, the wound may comprise an adhesive or layer coating at least partially coated with adhesive so that once the dressing is placed on a body surface in a desired conformation it can stay in that conformation when the hand is removed from the loop. Aptly, the adhesive is a pressure sensitive adhesive.

Desirably the loop is formed of a material of low tear strength such as card or paper so that it can be easily removed from the dressing by tearing it off without causing tearing of the conformable material. The tear strength of the loop may be such so that flexing of the body member of a user of the dressing within the loop can cause the loop to break.

In order to assist in tearing of the loop, it may be provided with one or more areas or lines of weakness (e.g. perforation lines). One such line may be provided at each of two opposing parts of the loop at regions close to where the loop is attached to the remainder of the dressing.

Alternatively, the loop may be cut away from the remainder of the dressing once the dressing has been applied. In this embodiment the tear strength of the loop is not critical.

As a further alternative, the loop may be releasably attached to the remainder of the dressing for example by the use of repositionable tapes or by a hook and eye system such as VELCRO ™ material).

It is not however essential that the loop be removed once the dressing has been applied since in some circumstances it may be the case that it is desired to leave the loop intact to provide an aid for removal of the dressing at a later stage.

The body member may be any part of the body of a user which can be inserted in the loop and used to apply the dressing. Preferably the body member is a hand or part thereof e.g. a digit or a plurality of digits (the term digit is used herein to include fingers and thumbs). For dressings intended to cover large areas of the body surface the loop may be sufficiently large so that two hands can be inserted therein when positioned side by side.

More preferably however the body member is a single hand. Since the size of peoples hands varies considerably, the size of the loop can be adapted accordingly. Typically the part of the loop through which the hand is inserted will have a length of from 10 to 20cm. This part may be from 1 to 4cm long if the loop is adapted to receive a single finger or thumb rather than a whole hand. The loop may however be formed of stretchable material e.g. elastic material and in this case the preferred dimensions above apply to the loop when in use.

Preferably the loop is attached to the remainder of the dressing by attachment means located at the upper surface of the conformable material in order to avoid possible damage or contamination of the wound-contacting surface. Alternatively however it may be attached at the side of the dressing.

Any suitable attachment means e.g. adhesive, stitching, stapling, welding, etc. may be used to attach the loop to the conformable material of the dressing.

The term "conformable" material when used herein is not to be construed as indicating only a single material but includes composite structures such as laminates. The material should however be sufficiently flexible so that it can be manually deformed to adopt a desired conformation.

The term "loop" when used herein is intended to include any structure which is attached to the remainder of the dressing for receiving a body member of a user. Preferably the loop is a band which is attached to the conformable material by two opposed edges of the band.

In addition to the dressing of the present invention, there is also provided a method for applying a conformable dressing with a loop to a body surface; characterised by inserting a body member into the loop so as to support the dressing, causing the dressing to adopt a desired conformation, and contacting the dressing with the body surface. Preferably the loop is then removed from the dressing. The conformation adopted aptly ensures that the dressing can be applied to the body surface without substantial rucking or creasing. The dressing may be formed by any suitable means. A sheet may be provided comprising a plurality of padded raised regions surrounded by relatively flat regions from which individual dressings can be cut to a desired shape. The padded regions can function to provide cushioning and/or absorbency and are desirably shaped to fit against the coccyx region of the lower back.. The flat regions are desirably adhesive coated or self adhesive and function to hold a dressing in place. A dressing may be cut out from the sheet by cutting through the flat region to provide an appropriate shape. Dotted lines or other guides may be provided to aid this cutting. Aptly the sheet is generally circular, semi-circular or generally shaped as a section of a circle.

In order that the dressing sheet can form a suitable template from which a wide variety of dressings can be cut, it may be provided with a plurality of different sized raised regions.

Loops may be provided on the sheet or may be added to a dressing when cut from the sheet.

However the dressings of the present invention are formed, it may be advantageous to provide them with a layer of an absorbent material which is provided with a plurality of indentations extending at least partially through the thickness of the absorbent layer. The indentations are preferably substantially parallel to one another and are desirably regularly spaced.

Such indentations can increase the conformability of a dressing. Indentations may be provided extending from both upper and lower surfaces in a staggered arrangement.

Alternatively the indentations may extend from one surface and form a grid defining a plurality of areas of absorbent material which are spaced from one another by the indentations.

The indentations may be e.g. slits, channels or grooves and preferably have a depth of at least 1/10 of the thickness of the absorbent layer at the locations of the indentations. More preferably the depth of the indentations is at least -h, e.g. at least Vz of the thickness of the absorbent layer.

The indentations may be defined by generally "V" shaped edges or generally "U" shaped edges (in cross-section), but other shapes are possible.

The absorbent material may have an upper and lower surface, wherein the lower surface is closer to a wound site than the upper surface when the dressing is in use. Desirably the upper and lower surfaces are generally planar.

The indentations may assist in dispersing wound exudate so that it can be absorbed across a larger region of the absorbent material than would otherwise be the case. This, together with the increased surface area of the absorbent material (relative to a surface without indentations) can assist in increasing the efficiency with which exudate can be absorbed.

The absorbent material can be any absorbent material which is suitable for medical use. Apt absorbent materials include elastomeric foams, particularly polyurethane foams, hydrocolloids and hydrogels. One such foam is available from Smith & Nephew pic (England) under the trade name ALLEVYN. Desirably the absorbent material is resiiiently deformable.

Favourably the dressing comprises an apertured layer (e.g. a net) over the absorbent layer to prevent absorbent material directly contacting a wound site, but to allow wound exudate to be absorbed.

The net may have adhesive coated over some or ail of its area. Alternatively, or additionally, adhesive may be provided at edges of the dressing, remote from the absorbent material. The net may be formed of elastic material. In another embodiment the net itself may be formed from an adhesive matrial. In an alternative construction according to the invention, the absorbent material may itself have an adhesive proportion, e.g. a hydrogel adhesive. In such instances the provision of a net over the wound facing surface of the absorbent layer may be dispensed with.

Preferably the dressing has a waterproof outer coating. The outer coating may also be moisture vapour permeable to allow exudate/sweat to evaporate through the dressing.

The indentations may be formed, for example, by forming an absorbent layer in situ in a mould which has a plurality of projections complementary in shape to the indentations which are desired.

Alternatively, for example, where it is not practical to use a mould, the indentations may be formed by cutting parts of the absorbent material for example by knife-slitting or cutting with handsaws or by melting it (e.g. by using heated wires).

Whether or not the dressings of the present invention are provided with indentations in a absorbent layer, the dressings may be provided with an adhesive coated periphery for use in attaching the dressing to a patient. Such an arrangement is well known in "island dressings" or "pouch dressings"..

The periphery may comprise a plurality of indentations extending inwardly from an outer edge thereof. This can be of assistance in helping the dressing to be attached to a highly contoured region of the body (e.g. the coccyx region of the lower back).

Desirably there are at least three such indentations but preferably there are four or more.

The indentations desirably decrease in width as they extend inwardly and may be defined by an essentially "V" shaped, an essentially "U" shaped or an essentially semi-circular edge. Aptly the indentations only extend partially through the adhesive coated peripheral region so that there is a continuous band of adhesive at an inner part of the peripheral region to maintain an effective seal between a wound and the environment external to a dressing in place over the wound.

The indentations may be formed by an desirably means but are preferably formed by cutting.

Preferably the indentations are present on a dressing having a peripheral region which forms a bevelled edge. The bevelled edge may be straight or curved. The dressing desirably has an outer covering, which may be wateφroof but water vapour permeable, an absorbent layer, located below the covering layer and optionally, a net located below the absorbent layer to prevent absorbent material entering a wound. The net, if present, may be at least partially coated with adhesive and may be elastomeric.

The present invention will now be described by way of illustration only with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:-

Fig. 1 shows a plan view of the underside of a dressing shaped to be attached to the coccyx.

Fig. 2 shows a cross-section through the dressing of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 shows the dressing of Fig. 1 when applied to a patient.

Fig. 4 shows a coccyx dressing according to the present invention in plan view before a hand is inserted in the loop of the dressing.

Fig. 5 shows the dressing of Fig. 3 after a hand has been inserted therein. Fig. 6 shows a plan view of a sheet from which several dressings can be cut.

Fig. 6a shows a cross-section through the sheet shown in Fig. 6 along the line A-A (not to scale).

Figs. 7 to 10 show various alternative sheets.

Fig. 11 shows in cross-section an absorbent foam suitable for use as an absorbent layer in a dressing with a loop according to the present invention. For ease of reference, only the absorbent layer is shown.

Fig. 12 shows in cross-section the foam of Fig. 11 when extended along the directions indicated by the arrows.

Fig. 13 shows the effect of curvature on the foam illustrated in Fig. 12.

Fig. 4 shows the underside of a dressing according to the present invention in which slits in the foam can be viewed.

Fig. 15 illustrates the underside of a dressing which is a variant of the present invention.

Fig. 16 shows a plan view of a section of absorbent foam having indentations in the form of a grid for use in a dressing according to the present invention

and Fig. 17 shows a raised area of a part of the foam shown in Fig. 16 deforming under pressure.

Referring to Fig. 1 , a coccyx dressing 10 is shown from above which has an outer layer of moisture vapour permeable, liquid water impermeable film 30. Fig. 2 shows the same dressing, but in cross section. The dressing 10 comprises an outer film 30, underlying which is an absorbent pad 40 formed of non-woven material. Wound exudate enters the absorbent pad through a perforated, adhesive coated wound-contact layer 20 (perforations and adhesive not shown, for ease of reference) and is then vaporised by body heat to form a vapour which exits the dressing through the outer film 30. This arrangement reduces the risk of maceration to the skin as well as the risk of bacterial contamination.

Fig. 3 shows the dressing 10 of Fig. 1 and 2 when correctly applied to a patient. The outline 50 of absorbent pad 40 is to indicate its position relative to the patient, although this would not of course be viewable when in use.

It can be appreciated from this figure that it is difficult to apply this dressing correctly because of the concave regions in the small of the back over which the absorbent pad lies.

Fig. 4 shows a coccyx dressing according to the present invention. This corresponds to the dressing shown in Figs. 1 to 3 except that loop 60 is now present. Loop 60 is attached to film 30 at each of two opposing ends of loop 60 via a weak adhesive (not shown). The adhesive extends along a length of the opposing ends along the outside 70 of loop 60 to cause the edges 80 and 90 of the dressing to adopt an upturned arrangement where film 30 is attached to the adhesive. In an alternative arrangement (not shown) loop 60 may be attached directly to surface 20. The wound contact layer 20 thus adopts a somewhat convex conformation over part of the dressing which is suitable for application to the concave body surface at the small of the coccyx region of the lower back, (it can however be appreciated that the loop 60 could be secured to the dressing by adhesive coated over the inside 100 of loop 60 and that in this arrangement the wound contact layer 20 would be caused to adopt a concave conformation in which edges 80 and 90 are downturned. Such an arrangement is of use in other types of dressing). Fig. 5 shows the dressing of Fig. 4 with the hand of a user inserted through loop 60. The fingers of the hand can be seen to have passed through loop 60 whereas the thumb lies outside of the loop to aid in shaping the dressing for application to a patient and is maintaining the hand in position.

In use a user inserts a hand through loop 60 as shown in Fig. 5 and then lowers the dressing towards the coccyx region of a patient's lower back. By flexing the hand and/or moving the digits the conformation of the wound contact layer 20 can be adjusted to conform approximately with body contours. Pivoting of the wrist of a user of the dressing can ensure that flaps 110 of the dressing are accurately positioned over the lower surface of a patients buttocks and then the convex region of the dressing 10 can be accurately laid over the coccyx region. Once the dressing is in place the hand can be flexed against the loop 50 causing the loop to break due to the low adhesive strength of the adhesive by which it is attached to the dressing. Alternatively, in order to avoid possible trauma to the patient, the hand can be slid out from the loop 50 and the loop 50 cut off the remainder of the dressing using a pair of scissors.

It will be appreciated from the above that the dressing 10 can be applied accurately to a patient using only a single hand. This leaves the other hand of a user free for example to support the back of a patient in a desired position whilst the dressing 10 is being applied.

Referring now to Fig. 6, there is shown a view from above of a sheet 610. Dotted lines 611 and 613 indicate lines along which a particular coccyx dressing 615 may be cut to shape. They may be absent from the dressing or printed or embossed thereon. This view shows a number of raised, generally heart-shaped regions 612 which are radially spaced. Although the edges of these regions are shown on the drawing by distinct lines 614 this is merely for ease of reference since the heart-shaped regions have sloping sides, 617 as can be seen from Fig. 6A. Turning now to Fig. 6A this cross-sectional view shows that the sheet 610 consists essentially of three components:-

a) There is an outer cover sheet 616, which is formed of "Opsite" film. This is moisture vapour permeable material obtainable from Smith & Nephew pic, which allows moisture vapour (e.g. from sweat or wound exudate) to evaporate through it, but which is also impermeable to liquid water so that the dressing is wateφroof when in use.

b) Beneath the cover sheet 616 there is provided an absorbent foam 618. This is a hydrophilic polyurethane foam obtainable from Smith & Nephew pic under the trade name "Allevyn". The absorbent foam 618 is capable of absorbing wound exudate, liquid from which can then be evaporated through the cover sheet 616. The absorbent foam 618 forms the generally heart shaped raised areas 612 illustrated in Fig. 6.

c) Underneath the absorbent foam 618 is an adhesive coated net 620 which secures the dressing 610 to a body surface. Before use, the adhesive coated net 618 would be covered by disposable release sheets (not shown), loops (such as that shown in Fig. 4) would be provided, and the dressing would also be contained in a sterile package.

As is clear from Fig. 6A, regions of the foam 619 between the generally heat-shaped regions 612 and at the edges of the dressing are considerably thinner than the heart-shaped regions 612. This is achieved by radio-frequency welding at these regions 619 to form a laminate comprising cover sheets 616, foams 618 and adhesive coated net 620. Because of the high degree of compression of foam 618 at these regions 619 it is substantially less absorbent than at the heart-shaped regions 612. It can also be easily and accurately cut.

Figs. 7 to 10 show different possible arrangements of sheets according to the present invention. As is clear from Fig. 9 it is not essential to have differently shaped absorbent regions on the sheet (although such regions do provide an advantage of flexibility, in that a single sheet can be used to provide a wide range of dressings each of which are shaped to fit different wound sites).

Alternatively a single dressing may be cut to tailor fit an irregular wound site.

Referring now to Fig. 11 , a hydrophiiic polyurethane foam 1 is shown having a number of straight parallel slits 2 extending approximately half way through the thickness of the foam 1.

Fig. 12 shows how the foam 1 can be stretched laterally so that the edges 2 defining the slits become V" shaped. By laminating a lower layer such as a perforated wound contact layer to the lower face 3 of the stretched foam and an outer covering layer over the upper layer 4 of the stretched foam, a laminar dressing can be obtained, which has a plurality of slits defined by walls of "V" shaped cross-section.

Fig. 13 illustrates how the slits 2 increase the dressings conformabiiity by allowing it to cover an area of high curvature (indicated by curve 5) without substantial creasing/rucking of the absorbent foam.

Fig. 14 shows the underside of a dressing 11 according to the present invention (loop not shown) having an absorbent layer 12 with a plurality of slits 13. An adhesive coated peripheral layer 14 is also shown.

Desirably a net or perforate film would be present underneath the absorbent layer 12, but this is not shown for the ease of reference.

Fig. 15 shows the underside of a further dressing (loop not shown), in which slits 21 are present at the underside of absorbent layer 22, but are arranged in a fan-like arrangement rather than being generally parallel to one another. This can be advantageous where the dressing is of an unusual shape since it enables the absorbent layer to readily adopt an irregular conformation, such as the kidney bean conformation shown therein, which can be used in a dressing to be applied to the coccyx region of the lower back.

Referring now to Fig.16, the absorbent foam 13 shown can be used in a dressing of the present invention and is a hydrophiiic polyurethane which has been formed in situ in a mould (as an alternative to moulding the channels 25, these may be cut out from an otherwise generally flat sheet) to give square raised areas 24 and "V" shaped channels, 25. The foam is deformable and can be bent to form a generally concave or generally convex shape so as to move the raised areas 24 closer together or further apart as appropriate, but without causing substantial creasing or rucking of the foam. The channels 25 can assist in channelling wound exudate through a large area of foam 23, when the foam is in use in a dressing.

Fig. 17 shows a section of the foam 23 illustrated in Fig. 16 in which one of the square areas 24 has been partially compressed. This illustrates that single raised areas can be partially compressed independently of other areas and is a useful feature for a pressure relieving dressing.

Claims

1. A dressing comprising a conformable material with a lower wound contacting surface and an upper surface, characterised in that the dressing comprises a loop for receiving a body member of a user so that the body member contacts the upper surface and simultaneously supports the dressing.
2. A dressing according to claim 1 which is provided with a) a loop which is releasably attached to the remainder of the dressing, or b) a loop having a region of low tear strength so that the loop can be manually torn away from the rest of the dressing without tearing the conformable material.
3. A dressing according to claim 2 wherein the loop is provided with one or more lines of weakness.
4. A dressing according to any preceding claim where the loop is adapted to receive a hand or one or more digits of a user.
5. A dressing according to any preceding claim, wherein the dressing comprises a perforated, adhesive coated wound contact layer, an absorbent pad and a cover layer of moisture vapour- permeable liquid water impermeable material.
6. A dressing according to any preceding claim which is a coccyx dressing.
7. A method of forming a dressing according to any of claims 1 to 6, comprising cutting a dressing shape from a precursor sheet comprising a plurality of raised and relatively flat areas, corresponding to padded and edge areas of dressings to be formed respectively, and attaching a loop to the dressing shape for receiving a body member of a user, if such a loop is not already present on the dressing shape.
8. A method of applying a dressing according to any of claims 1 to 6 to a body surface, wherein a body member is inserted into the loop so as to support the dressing and to cause it to adopt a desired conformation and the dressing is then contacted with the body surface.
9. A dressing according to any of claims 1 to 6 wherein the dressing is provided with an absorbent layer which comprises a plurality of elongate indentations extending partially through the thickness of the absorbent layer.
10. A dressing according to claim 9 wherein the indentations are substantially parallel to one another.
11. A dressing according to claim 9 or claim 10 wherein indentations are provided which extend from both upper and lower surfaces of the absorbent layer.
12. A dressing according to claim 11 wherein the indentations are substantially parallel to one another and the indentations extending from the upper surface are staggered relative to the indentations in the lower surface.
13. A dressing according to claim 9 wherein the indentations form a grid and the grid defines a plurality of areas of absorbent material which are spaced from one another by the indentations.
14. A dressing according to claim 13 wherein said areas are arranged in a regular array.
15. A dressing according to claim 13 or claim 14 wherein said areas have polygonal cross-sections.
16. A dressing substantially as hereinbefore described, with reference to the accompanying drawings.
PCT/GB1994/002564 1993-11-27 1994-11-22 Dressing WO1995014451A1 (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9324417A GB9324417D0 (en) 1993-11-27 1993-11-27 Irregularly shaped dressing
GB9324438.2 1993-11-27
GB9324416A GB9324416D0 (en) 1993-11-27 1993-11-27 Conformable dressing
GB9324438A GB9324438D0 (en) 1993-11-27 1993-11-27 Flexible medical dressing
GB9324416.8 1993-11-27
GB9324437A GB9324437D0 (en) 1993-11-27 1993-11-27 Absorbent medical dressing
GB9324437.4 1993-11-27
GB9324415.0 1993-11-27
GB9324415A GB9324415D0 (en) 1993-11-27 1993-11-27 Adheshive coated medical dressing
GB9324417.6 1993-11-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995014451A1 true true WO1995014451A1 (en) 1995-06-01

Family

ID=27517219

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1994/002564 WO1995014451A1 (en) 1993-11-27 1994-11-22 Dressing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO1995014451A1 (en)

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EP0768071A1 (en) * 1995-10-10 1997-04-16 JENSEN, Ole Roger Wound dressing having film-backed hydrocolloid-containing adhesive layer with linear depressions
WO1998017216A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 1998-04-30 Advanced Medical Solutions Limited Film delivery assembly
US5827213A (en) * 1995-10-19 1998-10-27 Ole R. Jensen Heel and elbow dressing
EP0888762A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
EP0888764A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Use of a handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
EP0898471A1 (en) * 1996-05-14 1999-03-03 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Wound dressings with leak prevention seal
EP0941726A1 (en) * 1998-03-12 1999-09-15 Coloplast A/S A dressing
US5998694A (en) * 1994-03-02 1999-12-07 Jensen; Ole R. Occlusive dressing with release sheet having extended tabs
DK200000278A (en) * 2000-02-22 2001-02-24 Coloplast As Wound bandage
WO2002053075A1 (en) * 2000-12-28 2002-07-11 Johnson & Johnson Medical Limited Dressings for extended wear
WO2004087004A3 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-03-24 Coloplast As An adhesive patch
WO2008149107A1 (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-11 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company A wound dressing
WO2009158133A3 (en) * 2008-05-30 2010-04-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
WO2010097570A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-02 Smith & Nephew Plc Drapeable wound dressing
US8187237B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-05-29 Kci Licensing, Inc Reduced-pressure, linear wound closing bolsters and systems
US8623047B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2014-01-07 Kci Licensing, Inc. System and method for sealing an incisional wound
US8680360B2 (en) 2006-09-26 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew Inc. Lattice dressing
US8791316B2 (en) 2009-02-13 2014-07-29 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound packing
US9061095B2 (en) 2010-04-27 2015-06-23 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of use
US9227000B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2016-01-05 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Portable wound therapy system
US9427505B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-08-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Negative pressure wound therapy apparatus
US9446178B2 (en) 2003-10-28 2016-09-20 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ
US9662246B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2017-05-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US9820888B2 (en) 2006-09-26 2017-11-21 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Wound dressing
US9844473B2 (en) 2002-10-28 2017-12-19 Smith & Nephew Plc Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds
USD806242S1 (en) 2012-05-23 2017-12-26 Smith & Nephew Plc Flexible port used to connect a wound dressing to a source of negative pressure
US9877872B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2018-01-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US9962474B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2018-05-08 Smith & Nephew Plc Vacuum assisted wound dressing
US10046096B2 (en) 2012-03-12 2018-08-14 Smith & Nephew Plc Reduced pressure apparatus and methods
US10076449B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2018-09-18 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment

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US1845630A (en) * 1929-02-16 1932-02-16 William M Scholl Medical dressing
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Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5998694A (en) * 1994-03-02 1999-12-07 Jensen; Ole R. Occlusive dressing with release sheet having extended tabs
US5704905A (en) * 1995-10-10 1998-01-06 Jensen; Ole R. Wound dressing having film-backed hydrocolloid-containing adhesive layer with linear depressions
EP0768071A1 (en) * 1995-10-10 1997-04-16 JENSEN, Ole Roger Wound dressing having film-backed hydrocolloid-containing adhesive layer with linear depressions
US5827213A (en) * 1995-10-19 1998-10-27 Ole R. Jensen Heel and elbow dressing
EP0898471A4 (en) * 1996-05-14 2001-09-12 Squibb Bristol Myers Co Wound dressings with leak prevention seal
EP0898471A1 (en) * 1996-05-14 1999-03-03 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Wound dressings with leak prevention seal
WO1998017216A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 1998-04-30 Advanced Medical Solutions Limited Film delivery assembly
EP0888762A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
WO1999001096A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
WO1999001093A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Use of a handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
EP0888764A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Use of a handling aid for a body applied disposable absorbent article
EP0941726A1 (en) * 1998-03-12 1999-09-15 Coloplast A/S A dressing
DK200000278A (en) * 2000-02-22 2001-02-24 Coloplast As Wound bandage
WO2002053075A1 (en) * 2000-12-28 2002-07-11 Johnson & Johnson Medical Limited Dressings for extended wear
US9844473B2 (en) 2002-10-28 2017-12-19 Smith & Nephew Plc Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds
WO2004087004A3 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-03-24 Coloplast As An adhesive patch
DK176790B1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2009-09-07 Coloplast As Club End patch
US7586019B2 (en) 2003-03-31 2009-09-08 Coloplast A/S Adhesive patch
US9446178B2 (en) 2003-10-28 2016-09-20 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ
US9452248B2 (en) 2003-10-28 2016-09-27 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ
US8680360B2 (en) 2006-09-26 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew Inc. Lattice dressing
US9820888B2 (en) 2006-09-26 2017-11-21 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Wound dressing
US9227000B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2016-01-05 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Portable wound therapy system
US9642955B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2017-05-09 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Portable wound therapy system
WO2008149107A1 (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-11 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company A wound dressing
US8404921B2 (en) 2007-06-06 2013-03-26 Convatec Technologies, Inc. Wound dressing
US9962474B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2018-05-08 Smith & Nephew Plc Vacuum assisted wound dressing
JP2011521743A (en) * 2008-05-30 2011-07-28 ケーシーアイ ライセンシング インコーポレイテッド Vacuum used for the joint, compression system and device
US8202261B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-06-19 Kci Licensing, Inc. Dressing assemblies for wound treatment using reduced pressure
US8241261B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-08-14 Kci Licensing, Inc. Super-absorbent, reduced-pressure wound dressings and systems
RU2471509C2 (en) * 2008-05-30 2013-01-10 КейСиАй ЛАЙСЕНЗИНГ, ИНК. Compression system and low pressure devices to be used on joint
RU2472533C2 (en) * 2008-05-30 2013-01-20 КейСиАй ЛАЙСЕНЗИНГ, ИНК. Low pressure therapeutic systems for linear wounds
US8399730B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2013-03-19 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure dressing assemblies for use in applying a closing force
WO2009158133A3 (en) * 2008-05-30 2010-04-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
JP2013144120A (en) * 2008-05-30 2013-07-25 Kci Licensing Inc Reduced pressure, compression system and apparatus for use on joint
CN103480048A (en) * 2008-05-30 2014-01-01 凯希特许有限公司 Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
US8187237B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-05-29 Kci Licensing, Inc Reduced-pressure, linear wound closing bolsters and systems
US8188331B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-05-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. See-through, reduced-pressure dressings and systems
US8715253B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-05-06 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
US8722959B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-05-13 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on a curved body part
US8147468B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-04-03 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, linear-wound treatment systems
US8129580B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-03-06 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on a curved body part
US8100848B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-01-24 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on breast tissue
CN105266960A (en) * 2008-05-30 2016-01-27 凯希特许有限公司 Reduced-pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
EP2285432B1 (en) 2008-05-30 2016-03-23 KCI Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure dressing assemblies for use in applying a closing force
US9572719B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2017-02-21 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced-pressure surgical wound treatment systems and methods
US8133211B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-03-13 Kci Licensing, Inc. Reduced pressure, compression systems and apparatuses for use on joints
US8167856B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-05-01 Kci Licensing, Inc Inflatable bladder dressings, systems, and methods
US8791316B2 (en) 2009-02-13 2014-07-29 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound packing
US9370450B2 (en) 2009-02-13 2016-06-21 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound packing
WO2010097570A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-02 Smith & Nephew Plc Drapeable wound dressing
US9061095B2 (en) 2010-04-27 2015-06-23 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of use
US9808561B2 (en) 2010-04-27 2017-11-07 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of use
US8623047B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2014-01-07 Kci Licensing, Inc. System and method for sealing an incisional wound
US10039673B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2018-08-07 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US9877872B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2018-01-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US10046096B2 (en) 2012-03-12 2018-08-14 Smith & Nephew Plc Reduced pressure apparatus and methods
US9545465B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2017-01-17 Smith & Newphew Plc Negative pressure wound therapy apparatus
US9427505B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-08-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Negative pressure wound therapy apparatus
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