WO1995012018A1 - Double humidity-transporting knitted fabric with a spacing between its two webs - Google Patents

Double humidity-transporting knitted fabric with a spacing between its two webs Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1995012018A1
WO1995012018A1 PCT/DE1994/001243 DE9401243W WO9512018A1 WO 1995012018 A1 WO1995012018 A1 WO 1995012018A1 DE 9401243 W DE9401243 W DE 9401243W WO 9512018 A1 WO9512018 A1 WO 9512018A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
web
thread
characterized
transporting
moisture
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/DE1994/001243
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Diethardt Siegert
Marianne Heide
Monika Bohn
Steffen Wild
Original Assignee
Wirkelastic Gmbh
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/14Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes
    • D04B21/18Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes incorporating elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/02Moisture-responsive characteristics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/01Surface features
    • D10B2403/011Dissimilar front and back faces
    • D10B2403/0114Dissimilar front and back faces with one or more yarns appearing predominantly on one face, e.g. plated or paralleled yarns
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/02Cross-sectional features
    • D10B2403/021Lofty fabric with equidistantly spaced front and back plies, e.g. spacer fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2501/00Wearing apparel
    • D10B2501/02Underwear

Abstract

In a double, humidity-transporting, but if required also elastic knitted fabric which is fitted with a spacing between its two webs for articles of clothing and coverings, humidity is transported by capillarity by different filamentary materials, preferably silk, in a top and in a bottom web, from the side of said knitted fabric next to the body to the side of said knitted fabric away from the body. A web (1) of knitted fabric made of a fibrous material with less filaments is spaced from and linked to a second web (3) of knitted fabric made of a fibrous material with more filaments, or even to spun yarn.

Description

Two-surface moisture wicking spacer

The invention relates to a textile dual surface to distances Am working consisting of upper and lower web in different bond making and material combinations, as well as with elastane, which is for clothing or upholstery fabrics used, in which high demands with respect to the shape-retaining property, but also the directionally oriented moisture transport will be provided.

Heretofore, various multi-layer knitted spacer fabrics were be¬ consisting of at least an upper and a lower web known which are spacers threads connected to each other by during production Ab¬. These are used in both sides be¬-coated state as the heat exchange elements, as is described in DE-OS 27 14 901. FIG. The Abstandhalter¬ threads are stiff monofilaments, which prevent compression of the äuße¬ ren tissue layers. These tissues the Nach¬ liable part in that they can only be used on one side because they are indeed in a position to make a heat exchange and have a relatively high stiffness, but they are not to be used in a position where properties such as elasticity and especially moisture transport are required. They are also coated consuming, resulting in an unfavorable economy.

Further, an invention is known from DE-PS 31 39 402 in which a multi-ply web of longitudinal channels lamente free monofi contains spacers threads as Ab¬ that are solidified in the upper and lower web. Preferably, the multi-layer knitted web is coated on at least one side minde-. Particularly the mono-filaments are in the top and bottom rail acted. According to another variant of the invention, the monofi can lamente be sewn into the top and bottom rail. This erfindungsge¬ Permitted multilayered knitted web takes in both sides be¬ coated state use as heat exchange element. Without a coating it is preferably used as an insert for faser¬ reinforced body. This invention is liable, however, the Nach¬ part in that, apart from an elaborate Beschich¬ not processing is able to effect a feuchtigkeitstransportie- Governing effect ty with good Flexibili¬.

From DE-A 30 04 444 an absorbent, double-ply textile til aterial is known from hydrophobic fibers, which layers are connected by pile threads having longitudinal grooves of filaments with one another. This material is able to absorb particularly Mi¬ neralöl wick, but lacks by insufficient structural assembly of sufficient elasticity wo¬ is considerably restricted by its use.

Therefore, the invention has as its object to provide a dual-surface spacer to provide fe particular for clothing or Bezugsstof¬ which is able also to be dimensionally stable both elastically, a distance between the upper and Unter¬ ground to ensure reliable, but additionally DERS beson¬ moisture transport properties with a specific climate effect to achieve. In the inventive textile Flä¬ chengebilde the transport of liquid moisture from the haut¬ nearby textile fabric is ported trans¬ to the opposite panel. Serves a skin-like web of geringerkapi 11a-rigem thread material for moisture absorption and transmission to the Fila entfäden in the pole area which emits wicking te the Feuch¬ to the body distant web of höherkapillarige Faden¬ material where it can evaporate. The object of the invention is solved by the characterizing indicated in the part of the claim 1 teachings with their characteristics.

The essence of the invention consists in a two flat knitted fabrics from Abstands¬ preferably elastic webs which

- monofilament pile yarns as spacers and have additionally eingebun¬ dene Multifi la entfäden, or

- larwirkung the use of niederfi lame term pile yarns, wicking the moisture through the directionally oriented Kapil¬.

The moisture transport is achieved by different filamentous mented Seiden in upper and lower web, these can be used depending on the application, both smooth and textured.

The directionally oriented moist transporting effect is inventively achieved in that a top web fen in at least 1 -legeschieniger production of preferably Synthesefaserstof¬, but also native fibrous materials, in certain cases, both of whose combination, in highly elastic design with spandex in the L2, knitted. The sum of the financial used lamente respect i.irer denier relatedness in the upper web, is less than that of the lower strip or vice-versa in each case;

- the spacing thread systems of pile threads with vorzugswei¬ se synthesis Seiden in at least two guide bars and gegenle- giger binding fully retracted or web fillet feeder for Gewährlei¬ stung a defined spacing of the upper and Unter¬ and hochfilamentierter synthesis Seiden in one of the bei¬ the Polschienen in fillet catchment or by means of an additional third guide bar (pole bus) can be used;

- a backsheet materials in at least inlay niger shoot production, preferably of synthetic fiber materials, but also native Faser¬ and their combination, in highly elastic embodiments, knit with spandex in L5 or LQ.

The sum of the filaments used, namely fadenfeinheitsbe- moved to the lower web, is higher than that of the upper web, or vice versa in each case.

The invention will be explained in more detail below using an embodiment. In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 shows the cross section of the spacer fabric.

A skin near upper web 1 in inlay shoot niger preparation from geringfilamentierten synthetic fiber materials passes the liquid moisture on to the höherfi lamented pile threads 2. The Pol¬ threads 2 in two guide rails and gegenlegiger binding fully drawn ein¬ and höherfila entierter synthesis silk causes for ei¬ nen the distance to the lower web 3 and also serve the transport of moisture to it. The backsheet 3 in einlegeschieni¬ ger production from hochfi lame term synthetic fiber fabrics absorbs moisture and releases it to evaporate on the Gegen¬ page again. The elastic moist transporting Abstands¬ knits is to made with seven guide bars:

Li lapping cloth

Thread feeding full thread material polyamide 78 dtex f 17

L2 laying jersey

Thread drawing full thread material elastane 44 dtex

L3 laying 2-0-4-2 / ​​4-6-2-4 //

Thread feeding full thread Material Polyester 53 dtex f 1

L4 laying 4-6-2-4 / 2-0-4-2 //

Thread feeding full thread Material Polyester 53 dtex f 1

L5 laying 4-6-2-4 / 2-0-4-2 //

Yarn feeder 1 full, 1 empty yarn material polyamide 44 f 28 loess Leg ung jersey

Thread drawing full thread material elastane 44 dtex

L7 laying cloth

Thread feeding full thread material polyamide 78 f 68

Here are the guide bars L * | and L2 is the top web that Lege¬ seemed L3 to L5 the pile threads and Lς, with L7 the lower web.

Claims

claims
1. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer characterized in that a knitted web of preferred wise niederfi lamentigerem thread material having a web of Gewirke¬ preferably höherfilamentigerem thread material by mono- and / or Fi lament yarns, spun yarns, or are connected in spacing.
2. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer according to claim 1 characterized in that moist conductive Faden¬ materials between the pile threads (2) or as pile threads (2) extend, preferably 1-full in the yarn-in, 1-empty and those (in the upper and lower web 1 3) are integrated.
3. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer according to claim 1 characterized in that thread materials absorption capacity with different wicking and / or Feuchte¬ in the upper and lower track (1,3) are such kombi¬ defined that a direction oriented moisture transport is achieved.
4. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer fabric as claimed in claim 1, that is effected by thread materials different moisture transport property, a richtungs¬ oriented wicking of the upper web (1) to lower web (3), the moisture is quickly absorbed there and evaporated by the web (3) the sum of the translated einge¬ thread material strength a higher filament count or has Faden¬ and the thread material with higher Feuchte¬ pickup is used.
5. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer according to claim 1, characterized in that in the top and terbahn Un¬ (1,3), in addition to the inelastic thread material for ther¬ moplastisch moldable parts additionally elastic threads working einge¬ be.
6. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer according to claim 2 characterized in that operating at inelastic Gewirkekonstruktion with four to five guide bars and elastic Gewirkekonstruktion with at least six to seven guide bars, wherein the Polle narrowing is performed with at least two guide rails in a defined Fadenkreuz¬ angle.
7. Two-surface in feuchtetranspotierendes spacer fabric according to claim 6 characterized in that when working with four guide bars moisture transport thread than in the upper web (1) and web (3) einbindender pile thread (2) in the yarn feeder preferably 1-full, 1-empty in one or both Pollege ¬ seemed used.
8. Two-surface moisture transporting spacer fabric according to claim 6 characterized in that moved in bonds with more than four guide bars, of the transport of moisture in a separate thread laying bar.
PCT/DE1994/001243 1993-10-25 1994-10-20 Double humidity-transporting knitted fabric with a spacing between its two webs WO1995012018A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEP4336303.2 1993-10-25
DE19934336303 DE4336303A1 (en) 1993-10-25 1993-10-25 Two-surface moisture wicking spacer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995012018A1 true true WO1995012018A1 (en) 1995-05-04

Family

ID=6500928

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/DE1994/001243 WO1995012018A1 (en) 1993-10-25 1994-10-20 Double humidity-transporting knitted fabric with a spacing between its two webs

Country Status (2)

Country Link
DE (1) DE4336303A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1995012018A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6034938A (en) * 1996-07-30 2000-03-07 Seagate Technology, Inc. Data storage system having an optical processing flying head
US6061323A (en) * 1996-07-30 2000-05-09 Seagate Technology, Inc. Data storage system having an improved surface micro-machined mirror
GB2352735A (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-07 Mothercare Uk Ltd Spacer fabric
CN106480598A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-03-08 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 Hydroscopic and fast dry bamboo fiber-based compound spaced fabric and preparation method thereof

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2746818A1 (en) * 1996-04-02 1997-10-03 Adidas Ag Double warp fabric for sportswear
US5735145A (en) * 1996-05-20 1998-04-07 Monarch Knitting Machinery Corporation Weft knit wicking fabric and method of making same
DE19635170C1 (en) * 1996-08-30 1997-09-18 Titv Greiz Spacer fabric for use in e.g. automobiles, sport, etc.
EP0857433B1 (en) * 1997-01-29 2002-05-02 Sympatex Technologies GmbH Shoe with ventilation ply
US5817391A (en) * 1997-04-17 1998-10-06 Malden Mills Industries, Inc. Three-dimensional knit spacer fabric for bed pads
CA2223120C (en) * 1997-12-02 2002-02-12 Vintex Inc. Textile fabric
DE69820874D1 (en) * 1998-10-14 2004-02-05 Malden Mills Ind Inc Three-dimensional knitted spacer fabric for shoe insoles and bags
DE19910785B4 (en) * 1999-03-11 2004-12-30 Textilforschungsinstitut Thüringen-Vogtland e.V. (TITV e.V.) Three-dimensional sheet klimatisierendes
US6381994B1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2002-05-07 Silzerstar Corporation Method for making fabric with excellent water transition ability
DE10260694B4 (en) * 2002-11-29 2008-08-07 Textilforschungsinstitut Thüringen-Vogtland e.V. A process for the production of longitudinally elastic three-dimensional textile fabrics
DE20313788U1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2005-01-13 Arnold, Franc bicycle saddle
GB0519462D0 (en) * 2005-09-23 2005-11-02 Lenzing Fibers Ltd Wicking fabric
DE102008007573B4 (en) * 2008-02-05 2011-04-28 Veit Gmbh ironing board
DE102012103778A1 (en) * 2012-04-29 2013-10-31 Product Emotion Gmbh Multilayer clothing has spacing knitted fabric which is arranged between fabric layers formed from moisture-storing material consisting of natural fibers
WO2015101632A1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-09 Sense Textile B.V. A 3-dimensional knitted textile spacer fabric and use thereof in a system for health care
DE102014108009A1 (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-12-17 Bsn Medical Gmbh Bandage for treatment of lymphedema

Citations (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2714901A1 (en) * 1977-04-02 1978-10-12 Hoechst Ag Corrosion resistant heat exchanger element - comprising double band of polymer fabric with sepg. filaments and heat-transfer fluid connections
DE2851348A1 (en) * 1977-11-30 1979-06-07 Eiser Ab Textile fabrics used for mfg. armchair settees or bed loose covers - are warp knitted and consist of two layers interlocked by pile yarns of polypropylene strips
DE3004444A1 (en) * 1979-02-16 1980-08-28 Eiser Ab Liquid receiving textile certificate
DE3139402A1 (en) * 1981-10-03 1983-04-14 Hoechst Ag Multilayer knitted web and its use as a heat-exchanger element and as a fibre reinforcement
DE9016062U1 (en) * 1990-11-26 1991-02-14 Mueller Textil Gmbh, 5276 Wiehl, De
EP0429802A2 (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-06-05 Guilford Mills, Inc. Textile fabric with opposed absorbent and non-absorbent layers and method of fabricating same
EP0431984A1 (en) * 1989-10-31 1991-06-12 Ets J. Le Borgne S.A. Double faced elastic knitwear
EP0529671A2 (en) * 1991-08-30 1993-03-03 WILHELM KNEITZ & CO. AG Laminated textile material, especially for technical applications
DE9302039U1 (en) * 1993-02-12 1993-04-01 Hoechst Ag, 6230 Frankfurt, De
DE9309374U1 (en) * 1993-03-13 1993-08-19 Hoechst Ag spacer

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2714901A1 (en) * 1977-04-02 1978-10-12 Hoechst Ag Corrosion resistant heat exchanger element - comprising double band of polymer fabric with sepg. filaments and heat-transfer fluid connections
DE2851348A1 (en) * 1977-11-30 1979-06-07 Eiser Ab Textile fabrics used for mfg. armchair settees or bed loose covers - are warp knitted and consist of two layers interlocked by pile yarns of polypropylene strips
DE3004444A1 (en) * 1979-02-16 1980-08-28 Eiser Ab Liquid receiving textile certificate
DE3139402A1 (en) * 1981-10-03 1983-04-14 Hoechst Ag Multilayer knitted web and its use as a heat-exchanger element and as a fibre reinforcement
EP0431984A1 (en) * 1989-10-31 1991-06-12 Ets J. Le Borgne S.A. Double faced elastic knitwear
EP0429802A2 (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-06-05 Guilford Mills, Inc. Textile fabric with opposed absorbent and non-absorbent layers and method of fabricating same
DE9016062U1 (en) * 1990-11-26 1991-02-14 Mueller Textil Gmbh, 5276 Wiehl, De
EP0529671A2 (en) * 1991-08-30 1993-03-03 WILHELM KNEITZ & CO. AG Laminated textile material, especially for technical applications
DE9302039U1 (en) * 1993-02-12 1993-04-01 Hoechst Ag, 6230 Frankfurt, De
DE9309374U1 (en) * 1993-03-13 1993-08-19 Hoechst Ag spacer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6034938A (en) * 1996-07-30 2000-03-07 Seagate Technology, Inc. Data storage system having an optical processing flying head
US6061323A (en) * 1996-07-30 2000-05-09 Seagate Technology, Inc. Data storage system having an improved surface micro-machined mirror
GB2352735A (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-07 Mothercare Uk Ltd Spacer fabric
WO2001011127A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Mothercare Uk Limited Improvements in or relating to spacer fabrics
WO2001011128A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Mothercare Uk Limited Improvements in or relating to spacer fabrics
GB2352735B (en) * 1999-08-04 2003-07-02 Mothercare Uk Ltd Improvements in or relating to spacer fabrics
CN106480598A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-03-08 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 Hydroscopic and fast dry bamboo fiber-based compound spaced fabric and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

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