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WO1995011730A1 - Process and device for sensory motion control - Google Patents

Process and device for sensory motion control

Info

Publication number
WO1995011730A1
WO1995011730A1 PCT/AT1994/000157 AT9400157W WO9511730A1 WO 1995011730 A1 WO1995011730 A1 WO 1995011730A1 AT 9400157 W AT9400157 W AT 9400157W WO 9511730 A1 WO9511730 A1 WO 9511730A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
signal
movement
unit
motion
sequence
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AT1994/000157
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Gerhard Roth
Original Assignee
Gerhard Roth
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0686Timers, rhythm indicators or pacing apparatus using electric or electronic means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user
    • A63B2071/0625Emitting sound, noise or music
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B2071/0658Position or arrangement of display
    • A63B2071/0661Position or arrangement of display arranged on the user
    • A63B2071/0663Position or arrangement of display arranged on the user worn on the wrist, e.g. wrist bands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/40Acceleration
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/36Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf
    • A63B69/3608Attachments on the body, e.g. for measuring, aligning, restraining
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/36Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf
    • A63B69/3623Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf for driving
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/38Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for tennis

Abstract

A process and device for sensory motion control by means of acoustic transmission of information to the controlled person are disclosed. The device is characterised in that a motion sensor (2) that may be secured to the part of the body to be controlled outputs at least one continuous signal to a signal transmission unit during part of the controlled motion. At least one signal flow-dependent signal processing and converting device (3) provided with an acoustic output unit (34) is connected to the sensor (2) and transmission unit by a signal transmission line (230).

Description

Method and device for control of movement sensor's

The exercise of many sports, especially tennis and golf, lives on an exact as possible of the movement. In prakti¬ crew training operation shows that even a trained movement patterns can be very difficult to change. Video analytics that are used for these purposes, although often show moving error very clearly, but usually not lead to a real improvement. DER reason may lie in the fact that completely different brain areas for the optical / cognitive processing of image information of a hand, and motor control other hand, are responsible.

It should be emphasized at this point that an exact and respect repeatability and imitat bility effective review of motion movements, -verlaufen, is by no means limited to sports alone. For this purpose are exemplary only increase in efficiency and reduction of fatigue during physically and psychologically tiring, repetitive, cyclic operations, thus led in the field of ergonomics, recovery as high as possible mobility after accidents and diseases, rehabilitation and the like in the recovery and trauma medicine. It is of great importance, like the volunteers, patients and and integrate its Sinnes¬ perception to the greatest possible extent in the training event and its development in the course of the training period, while possible, deeper layers of consciousness, perception and control and their feedback to activate the sensors and receptors on a relative movement to be tested and / or to tränierenden body part and in a iteinzubeziehen iteratively progressive training process. This is true not only for self-monitoring by the subject itself, but also for interactive processes between Family and trainer.

Ultimately, not only the question of training is essential, it is understood that the manner indicated the diagnosis, eg deformities of joints, body dimensions, deformities, lesions and movement disabilities, possibly with psychological background, by its particularly effective, however, in itself simple methods of detection and in particular recognition of a movement by the doctor and patient can benefit.

The invention has the task found for the first time ontogenetically itself secured (re) couplings or Kopplungsmechanis¬ men, such as those of hand / arm movement - Talk - Listen, for a very substantial improvement in the control of movements in at this point it should be mentioned that quite a number of acoustically operating Advised and methods to support Trainingsvorgangeπ has become known. With them, however, no real begleitence influencing the subjects takes place during a kontinuierlicn to be checked and to be corrected motion sequence, but rather audible alarm is triggered only when a deviation of an "ideal, optimal or standard motion" occurs.

With this type of control, a se psycho¬ logically unfavorable, demotivating acting "punishment" effect when exiting the "right" path of movement and -Verlaufes one hand, given the other hand, consist of volunteers and coaches no options, very briefly before an alarm sounds , the same early-to-detect incipient, slight, yet correctable error and so to avoid the above "acoustic punishment."

To avoid these disadvantages Currently Known and stationary in use training systems with acoustic warning or the like, and a psychologically much more positive and especially high otivative, accompanying guide a moving from the subject's body part, such as arm, hand, leg or the like, over a period of one Bewegungs¬ cycle and to achieve with the thereby automatically resulting subconsciously, also slidingly guided corrective measures like is primary object of the present invention.

The invention thus relates to a novel process for sensori¬ genetic control and self-monitoring of movements, preferably for training and / or diagnostic purposes, in particular in the fields of sports, ergonomics, medicine and rehabilitation, wherein information of the subject, trainers, and / or diagnostician and the like is carried out acoustically, consist whose essential features are that for accompanying and / or comparative control of at least one of - preferably only one, with respect to its movement to be controlled part of the body, preferably extremity - in particular at least one is a high degree or . optimum thereof for a to be tested in each case, practicing, repetitive and / or corrective movement sequence of relevant signal level and / or density guaranteeing site - position firmly but releasably attached, the motion faithfully mitausführenden motion sensor, preferably acceleration, Geschwind igkeits- and / or attitude- or attitude- veraπderungs sensor, over at least a part section, preferably sequences generated signals or Signal¬ about cen total area or the total duration of a movement or cycle continuous motion KONFOR-e and a , preferably intangible, Ubertragungs- route to at least one signal reception conversion, Aufberei- tungs-, -Verarbeitungs-, -Speicher us / or outputting device be dispensed, within which the incoming from the sensor signals or signal sequences, preferably in real time , in the current motion sequence or cycle practically synchronous, the same virtually distortion-free imaging, unit via at least one acoustic Wiedergabe¬, in particular headphones, speakers or the like, each continuously discharged and the subject, coaches, diagnostician or the like placed in hearing, in Horfrequenzbereich lying, preferably pitch-modulated acoustic e signals or signal frequencies are converted.

Accordingly, the invention provides for the first time a method for the sensory motor control, with sensor - primarily Accelerometer - which is connected to that part of the body that executes the to-control movement, so as to join in the movement exactly, for example in the manner of a wrist watch for Golf or tennis, wherein the signals of a Sig¬ nalaufbereigungs- and processing unit, which may be formed by an analog or digital computer, and an acoustic output unit be zugführt which generates a sound in real time, whose pitch corresponds exactly to the respective motion parameters. Thus, each movement pattern corresponds to a very characteristic melody noticeable, possibly even comprehensible and at least after several repetitions, which is essential, with a standard tune of an optimum sequence of movements, for example from memory, is vergleich¬ bar. Incoming observations have shown that distinguish "real" motion tune of a respectively still to be improved "melody of its own motion" after a short Einhör- and training time problems actually "unmusical" volunteers and coaches who, since not the pitch itself, but the melodies play the major role.

Through the first given opportunity to all to be practiced, imitated movement as "Melody continuum" in which delays the Pitch and where appropriate volume Senkun¬ gen and acceleration processes in motion as acceleration-abhangige Tonhohe- or volume increases occur , listen to NEN kön¬, leads, approx already fine from .-. eichungsπuancen recognized and Cortex-- can directly taxed are corrected to more rapid training successes than the previously ce annten methods in this sector.

The key to the method of comparison produ¬ ed in training, acoustic imaging of their own, to be tested and optimized movement and the norm (standard) Tonhohensequenz patterns imitated an optimum sequence of movements can be done in several ways. The simplest is to allow, for example, by the coach to perform the ideal movement several times and bring the same melodies generated this movement the subjects heard. Another variant consists in a plurality of identical sequences Bewegungs¬ "copy one above the other" and to bring a resulting by Mittelbilduπg or the like "Average tune" the subjects hearing, by which it can orient its current movement correcting.

It has been found that a pitch odulierte acoustic Wieder¬ is to provide better display training results capable of acting as a strength modulation Laut¬. a combination is preferred, these two functions Modula¬.

Regarding the technique of most iterative "audition" the "right" movement melody and its imitation with increasing perfecting Basically, there are no limits.

Thus, preferably at simple facilities to perform the training procedure according to claim 2, the sequence of a sequential comparison "Optimal melody" and the hearing patterns of an actually current Bewegungs¬, eg shock tennis, gold or the like, provides.

It is hiebei a signal memory used that can store characteristic movement melodies that can be "played" for comparison to retrieve the proper motion melons.

A further variant according to claim 3 provides for simultaneous playback of optimal melody and especially acute arterial melody of the subject, and any deviations from the optimum sequence of movements as a kind of depression or the like are also perceived immediately is and immediately leads to a first correction of the own motion.

Another, somewhat greater effort requiring, however Subjekti¬ tivity of the hearing impression on current movement administration with Bewegungsmusterwieder¬ and synchronous playback optimum pattern rather ausschaltende advantageous embodiment of the method according to the invention is encompassed by the claim. 4 It is hiebei So instead of the actual pattern Bewegungs¬ the deviation to an already stored and knew to be optimal movement patterns er¬ output.

Higher demands on the ear and its habituation stellend, but also multivariate information relating to the movement and its control of yielding, is a variant of the method according to claim 5, wherein depending on the training goal, are possible various Annordnungen the prescribed plurality of sensors as indicated there. a second movement-relevant sensor so it will be attached, for example, the output signal, for example in a manner stereophonic listening to the subject, is additionally provided. The reproduction technique of the synchronous reproduction of two current movement pattern here is similar to that employed in accordance with claim 3 in principle.

In an analogous application of the technique according to claim 4, the multi-sensor process operates in the variant according to claim. 6

To complete the observation of the motion sequence still further or to errors in the to be trained movement, poses Fehl¬ and analyze the like in combination with the movement sequence melody, is a configuration and extension of the new Trainings¬ method according to claim 7 is advantageous.

When using a working capacitive touch sensors Ver¬ proceedings, as provided for according to claim 8, the advantage is provided that the acceleration-dependent varying capacity of the sensor itself an integral part of a frequency generator in a Signalaufbe¬ may be reitungseinheit which the supplied thereto beschleunigungs¬ dependent signals into speed signals and, for example, outputs it to a transmission unit toward the signal processing means.

Particularly low obstructing the movement of the subject during the controlled training can be achieved with an embodiment of the new method claim 9.

An adjustment of the pitch of the motion image melody within said frequency range in claim 10 carries insbe¬ sondere also less tiring training conditions.

Another essential objective of the invention is a device or an apparatus for a sensory control and self-monitoring of movements, preferably for training and / or diagnostic purposes, ins¬ particular in the fields of sports, ergonomics, medicine and rehabilitation, wherein information of the subject , trainers, and / or the diagnostician, and the like is carried out acoustically, its use has been particularly described above in detail is maintained at the new training method. This Eiππcntung is characterized in v.'esentlichen by at least one - in a to be tested to the respective movement with respect to its body part to be tested, in particular to a a high level or optimum for each case, practicing, repetitive and / or corrective movement relevant positionally fixed signal height and / or density aware paid point desselben-, but releasably, verbindbareπ, preferably arranged in the manner of a wrist watch, can be fastened housing or the like - motion sequence sensor, in particular acceleration, velocity and / or mounting position-Seπsσr, with at least a part of the movement sequence, in particular through a full range of motion or cycle of time, continuous-time signal delivery to a, also preferably arranged in the housing, signal transmitting unit, and at least one with the sensor and transmitter unit via a, preferably intangible, Signalübertragungs¬ path connected, preferably at least one storage unit having signal processing and-Umwaπdlungseinrichtung with acoustic output unit.

A directly - comparative comparison of Opti-al Beweguπgsablauf and current movement of the subject makes it possible in an advantageous manner, an exercise machine according to claim 12th

In a simple, robust embodiment, such a device as an acoustic output unit güπstigerweise on a speaker.

The acoustic load of the training environment is particularly effective in a lowered UNIT according to claim fourteenth

From the sports point of view, low real and practical refinements of the Ausge¬ coming to the application configuration, infrastructure and data transmission, as covered by the claims 15 and 16.

Different types and basic principles of technical realizations of sensor signal transmitter combination and signal processing means and the above-treated, various kinds of the training sequence with sequential, zeitsynchronem and real difference comparison are depending on the task and comfort the device according to claims 17 to 21 in each case in particular success ,

A direct motion-related sensors can be effected by use of the Doppler effect, in an advantageous Ausfuhrungs- form of device which provides substantially as a sensor a combination of a current or standard movement faithfully mLtausführendem Ultra¬ sound transmitter and a stationary ultrasonic receiver, wherein, in the real use all of the aforementioned methods can 'be applied.

It has advantageously respectively comprised of the claims 22 to 24, essential components.

Reference to the drawing The invention is explained in more detail:

They show: Fig.l is a diagram of the real arrangement of the components of the new training supporting devices Figure 2 shows a basic or Schau- diagram for illustrating the basic function of the new Trainings¬ systems in general, the Figure 3 to 7 17-use schemes of the claims to 21 corresponding to various aspects of the new device and the Figure 8 to 10 schemes of the double effect in the ultrasonic range, according to the invention device embodiments.

The Fig.l shows a tennis player than the subject 1, who is performing with his right arm 10 has a jaw hand-blow with a racket. 11 is at a differences flapping due to the occurring there large Unter¬ particularly relevant in acceleration and deceleration of body 1, namely on the arm joint 101 and a location just above the same, similar to a wrist watch, releasably attached to a hinge 202, a movement sensor 2, for example, an accelerometer arranged in a protective housing two hundred and first By the sensor 2, for example, delivered over an entire beat cycle or a particularly characteristic part of which signals pass via a - immaterial here signal transmission path 230, for example via radio, infrared or the like, in the Signalverarbeitungsein¬ direction 3, which located in a housing 301, by means of waist belt 302 is also detachably connected to the test subjects. 1 Within the device 3, a conversion of the signals supplied by the sensor 2 into an acoustic signal sequence in Freqzenzbereich of menschli¬ chen hearing occurs, which results from an acoustic reproducing unit, such as a small loudspeaker 34 which is here also in or on the housing 301 of the signal processing device 3 be submitted.

is arranged with arrows in FIG. 1, as is in an ultimately the closing information loop, a continuous sequence of acoustic signals "wegungsmelodie Be¬" as one of the currently active, in-execution striking movement corresponding very characteristic, over the ear 102 in brain or cortex passes and from there - perceived deviations from the melody of a standard movement corresponding to - the muscular and movement receptors controls corrective action.

The principle diagram of Fig-shows. Diagrammatically the essential components of the novel Trainigungsmethodi.

In a motion sensor 2, a signal generation and conversion Um¬ carried in a broadcast-ready signal. Means Signalϋbertragung 230 'ge the transmitted signal reaches for its reception in the Signalverarbei¬ processing unit 3, and first in the signal conditioning 31 J is converted there into an internally processed further Signalsequeπz, passes wei¬ ters in the signal evaluation 32' where, for example of an averaging Signalse¬ frequencies, smoothing, or the like wobble. takes place. The signal evaluation circuit 32 'is connected to a signal storage 35' connected, in which, for example Signalse- stored qzenzen an ideal movement as "templates" and can be retrieved from it as needed.

The thus equipped evaluation 32 'are their internal signals or signal sequences to an acoustic output unit 33' on and these are converted to pitch and / or volume pattern, in acoustic form in the field of audio frequency, delivered for example via a loudspeaker 34 '.

Advantageously, the works - conveniently usual tele metriebedingungen appropriate device with power sources of 3V, which significantly contributes to the high Eiπsatzflexibilität and also minimizes any unpleasant, weight loads of volunteers.

The Figure 3 shows, as the like passes from the motion-induced Accelerometer 2 an acceleration-proportional analog output voltage signal sequence over a radio path 230 or in an integrator 311 in a signal processing device 3, where the voltage into a speed-proportional Spannungssequeπz converted and the voltage-frequency converter 331 is converted into an output to the speaker 34 audio frequency signal sequence.

FIG. 4 shows a very similar in their basic concept device as Fig. 3, wherein a beschleunigungs¬ proportional output frequency output from the accelerometer. 2

The device according to Figure 5 works analog-digital using an accelerometer 2, whose output frequency is proportional to the acceleration values ​​within a sequence of movements to be controlled. The frequency signals are sent via the transmission path 230 in a discriminator 312 a signal processing device 3, from there to the digitization in an up / down counting unit 313 and a down-counter 314, and output as audio frequency signal sequence through the speaker 34th

The device according to FIG. 6 is configured to be similar to that shown in FIG. 3, but includes a signal sequence of the sensor 2-apply, to the analog / digital converter 315 and a storage unit 35 for receiving and storing characteristic movement melodies. Central Auswertungs¬ and processing unit 3 is a software-controlled, so extremely flexible adaptable to the respective Traiπingserfordernisse microprocessor 316 here.

Furthermore, the comprises the apparatus according to Fig. 6 similarly configured apparatus according to Figure 7 to a sensor 2 which beschleuπigungsproportionale Frequenz¬ emits signals for digitization to a counter 317, again to exclude adjoined by a microprocessor 316 with memory 35 and the speaker unit 34.

For Figure 8, which concretely a golfer 1 and showing him exercising device is executed following illustrative:

In embodiments a deduction, there is a relative movement of the sensor (2) with an ultrasonic transmitter 20 via link 2300, which is for example, 5 m, 30 to the microphone This movement, which is performed with the velocity v (t), generated according to the the microphone 30, a frequency shift .DELTA.f = fc- • v (t) / c, where the Ruhefrequeπz and c the speed of sound f- represent double effect. This frequency shift is according to Durch¬ run of a bandpass amplifier 329 is converted to an analog voltage with an FM demodulator 330, which in turn is converted over a VF converter 331 in a discharged via the acoustic reproduction unit 34 compliant motion melody.

The Figure 9 shows a similarly configured to the Figure 8 arrangement, but using a mixer 335 of an oscillator 337, for example with fr = 1 kHz, and a low pass filter 336, whereby the Dopplerv εrschiebuπg directly into the cash hör¬ range of 1kHz = Λf is transformed. The character reference not explained are the same as in the previous figures.

The Figure 10 shows a similarly configured to the Figure 9 arrangement, but using a bandpass amplifier 329 downstream the counter 313 as a frequency discriminator comprising a microcomputer (CPU) 316 and a memory 35. The Daten¬ coming from Baπdpaßverstärker 329 signals go over the counter 313 in the CPU 316, from where they are discharged after suitable processing again as a motion conforming to the melody reproduction unit 34th The reference numbers not explained in detail have the same meanings as in the preceding figures.

Claims

P ate nt steps things above sea surface:
1. A process for sensoπscnen control or self-control of movements, preferably for training and / or diagnostic purposes, more particularly cially concerning the fields of sports, ergonomics, medicine and rehabilitation, wherein information of the subject, trainers, and / or the diagnostician and derglei¬ chen is carried out acoustically, characterized in that for accompanying and / or comparative control of at least one of - preferably only one, with respect to its movement to be controlled part of the body, preferred wise extremity - in particular at least one a high level or optimum for to be tested, a respectively, practicing, repetitive and / or the same corrective movement sequence of relevant signal height and / or density gewahr¬ paid site - position firmly but releasably attached, the motion faithfully mitausfuhrenden motion sensor, preferably acceleration, velocity and / or attitude- or . Raumlageverände- rungs- Sensor over at least one section, preferably generated over the entire area or the total duration of a movement or cycle continuous motion compliant signals or signal sequences and via a, preferably intangible, Übertraguπgsstrecke to at least one signal reception, conversion, of processing, -Verarbeitungs-, -Speicher¬ and / or outputting device be dispensed, within which the incoming from the sensor signals or signal sequences, preferably in real time, in the current motion sequence or cycle synchronous practically the same, virtually distortion-free imaging, output unit via at least one acoustic Wieder¬, in particular headphones, speakers or the like, each continuously discharged and the subject, coaches, diagnostician or the like brought to hearing, which is in the audible frequency range, preferably ton¬ height modulated acoustic signals and signal frequencies are converted.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that generated as part of an optimum or optimized, normalized and standardized, or the like or movement sequence, in particular as a means of a plurality of such motions or cycles-derived signal sequences in a memory unit of the signal receiver -, -Verarbeitungs- and / or reproducing device to be inserted or read, and for a comparative control at a particular desired point in time, in particular in each case shortly before and / or after one to be tested movement or cycle of the subject, optionally repeatedly retrieved, and are output via the acoustic Wiedeipabeeiπrichtung as an acoustic Mster the movement sequence.
3. The method of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that generated as part of an optimum or optimized, normalized and standardized, or the like or movement sequence, in particular as a means of a plurality of such motions or cycles-derived Signal¬ sequences in a storage unit of are introduced signal receiving, -Verarbeitungs¬ and / or reproducing device or read and the pattern is output therefrom synchronously together with a straight line obtained to date from a to be checked movement or cycle of the subject acoustic pattern over the acoustic reproducing unit ,
4. The method according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that generated as part of an optimum or optimized, normalized and standardized, or the like or movement sequence, in particular as a means of a plurality of such motions or cycles-derived signal sequences in a Speichereiπheit the signal receiving, Verarbeitungs¬ and / or reproducing means are introduced or read, the patterns are synchronously continuously subjected to the signals or signal sequences or patterns of a current to überpüfenden movement sequence in the SignalVerarbeitungsein¬ direction of a difference or the like, and that the thereby generated, respective difference signal sequence pattern, preferably by raising in a frequency range from 500 to 2500 s, is given as an acoustic difference motion pattern over the acoustic reproduction unit aus¬.
5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that, of two places of a to be inspected body part or attached to two different body parts of the subject or of two analog structure-borne part-bodies or body parts of Family and trainer, preferred wise function and characteristic same, motion sensors synchronously generated .Signale or signal sequences are synchronously processed and outputted as acoustic movement pattern on at least a majority in particular two-channel reproduction unit, in particular to at least one of stereo headphones or the like.
6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that, of two places of a to be inspected body part or attached to two different body parts of the subject or of two analog structure-borne part-bodies or body parts of Family and trainer, preferred wise function and characteristic same, motion sensors synchronously ge nerierte signals or signal sequences to a differential signal sequence pattern
1 and processed, preferably by raising in a frequency range from 500 to 2500 s are output as an acoustic signal sequence difference pattern on the acoustic Wiedergabe¬ device.
7. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the recording and playback of the motion sequence as an acoustic Be¬ wegungsmuster with a Viedoaufnähme -wiedergäbe and the like. which is combined to be controlled movement.
8. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the motion sensor a working especially on the basis of at least one Kapazitivgebers accelerometer or the like. is used.
9. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that an acoustic playback unit, in particular headphones or the like., Ein¬ is set, which spatially separated from the Signalverarbeitungseiπrichtung or its housing, but on an immaterial link with the same sigπalverbunden is.
10. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the acoustic motion pattern or - tone sequences in the audible frequency range, in particular in the range from 500 to 3500 s, of the acoustic output unit Wieder¬ be issued.
11. The device or apparatus for a sensory control and self-monitoring of movements, preferably for training and / or diagnostic purposes, in particular in the fields of sports, ergonomics, medicine and rehabilitation, wherein information of the subject, trainers, and / or the diagnostician, and the like is carried out acoustically, in particular for implementing the method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized at least one through - to be tested in one with the respective terms of its movement to be tested body part, in particular at a high level or optimum for each , practicing, repetitive and / or korrigieren¬ the movement sequence of relevant signal level and / or density guaranteeing a positionally fixed point desselben- but releasably connectable, preferably in the manner of a wrist watch, can be fastened housing (201) or the like. disposed - motion sequence-sensor (2), particularly acceleration, Geschwindigkeits¬ and / or spatial position sensor, with at least over a partial section of the movement sequence, in particular through a full range of motion or cycle of time, continuous-time signal output at one, preferably also in the housing (201) disposed, signal transmitting unit, and at least one of sensor (2) and transmitting unit via a, preferably intangible, Signalüber¬ transmission link (230) signal flow associated, preferably at least one memory unit (35) having, signal processing and-Umwandlungseinrich- device (3) with an acoustic output unit (34).
12. The device according to claim 11, characterized in that the signal-processing and -Umwandlungseinrichtung (3) receiving unit at least one Signal¬, a signal conditioning unit (31 ') and at least one with a signal storage unit (35') the evaluation unit connected (32 ') , preferably signal (sequence)-to comparator, Differeπzbildungsglied or the like. comprises.
13. The device according to claim ': 11 or 12, characterized in that it as an acoustic output unit (34', 34) comprises at least a loudspeaker.
14. Device according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized gekenn¬ characterized in that as acoustic output unit (34'34) is preferably stereo headphones, comprising at least an earphone.
15. Apparatus according to claim 13 or 14, characterized in that the acoustic output unit (34), in particular headphones or loudspeakers, from the signal-processing and -Umwandlungseinrichtung (3) spatially separated, with the same, however, a preferred immaterial, signal-transmission link signalflußverbunden is arranged.
16. Device according to one of claims 1 to 15, characterized gekennzeich¬ net, that the signal-processing and -Umwandlungseinrichtung (3) in one, preferably at one to the middle of the body of the subject (1), fastened belt (302) od. like. arranged housing (301) or. the like., is arranged.
17. Device according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized gekennzeich¬ net, that it as a motion flow sensor (2) comprises an accelerometer whose output signal, in particular output voltage, the Beschleunigungswer¬ th within a motion sequence or cycle proportional, which sensor (2) via a transmission link (230) with an integrating unit (311) connected, in turn, - the same signals with the speed inner¬ half of the movement sequence corresponding signals, in particular Spannungs¬, furnishing - with a Spaπnungs-frequency converter (331) is connected, which, in turn, converted by it in the audio frequency signals to the same tampering, with the acoustic reproduction unit (34) is connected.
18. A device according to claim 17, characterized in that it comprises an accelerometer with respect to this claim substantially unchanged configuration of the other components than the motion sequence-sensor (2), whose output frequency is proportional to the acceleration values ​​within a to be controlled movement sequence.
Output frequency 19. Device according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized gekennzeich¬ net, that it as a motion flow sensor (2) comprises an accelerometer DES, sen is proportional to Beschleuniguπgswerten within a to be controlled movement sequence, and which via a Singalübertragungsstrecke (230 ) is provided with a discriminator (312) connected, from which via corresponding lines, the signals (in an up / down count unit 313) are delivered at their downstream down counter unit (314), to which latter an acoustic Wieder¬ output unit (34) connected.
20. Device according to one of claims 1 to 16, gekenn¬ characterized characterized in that as motion sequence sensor (2) comprises an accelerometer whose output signal, in particular output voltage, the acceleration values ​​within a motion sequence or cycle is proprotional which sensor (2 ) (via a transmission path 230) (with an analog-digital converter 315) is connected, the sei¬ nerseits (a software controlled micro-processor unit CPU) (316) for signal integration and output frequency generation with the Speicher¬ unit ( 35) is connected for movement sequence signal sequences from which microprocessor unit (316), the acoustic reproduction unit (34) is driven.
21. A device according to claim 20, characterized in that it at opposite this claim otherwise unchanged configuration of microprocessor unit (316), the storage unit having as a motion sequence-sensor (2) an accelerometer (35) and acoustic reproduction unit (34) whose output frequency is proportional to the acceleration values ​​within a sequence of movements to be controlled, which sensor (2) connected with the microprocessor (316) Zähl¬ unit (317) is connected for signal transfer.
22. Device according to one of claims 11 to 15, gekenn¬ characterized characterized ,, that they nation as a motion sensor (2) the Doppler effect nutzen¬ de, an intangible communications link (2300) Kombi¬ associated ultrasonic end unit (20) and ultrasonic receiver unit ( 30), in particular microphone, said latter via Brandpaßver¬ stronger (329), the FM demodulator (330) and voltage-frequency converter (331) with an acoustic reproducing device (34) is connected.
23. A device according to claim 22, characterized in that the Ultaschalle pfangseinheit (30) via the bandpass amplifier (329), one of an oscillator (337) with a standard frequency suppliable Mischein¬ direction (335) is connected, in turn, via a Tiefpaßfilterein- is the direction of (336) with the acoustic reproduction unit (34).
24. A device according to claim 22 or 23, characterized in that the ultrasound receiving unit (30) via the bandpass amplifier (329), a counter (313) and having a memory device (35) connected to the microprocessor (316) having output means with the akusti ¬ rule reproducing unit (34) is connected.
PCT/AT1994/000157 1993-10-27 1994-10-27 Process and device for sensory motion control WO1995011730A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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