WO1995008169A1 - Mouthpiece for wind instruments - Google Patents

Mouthpiece for wind instruments Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1995008169A1
WO1995008169A1 PCT/FR1994/001073 FR9401073W WO9508169A1 WO 1995008169 A1 WO1995008169 A1 WO 1995008169A1 FR 9401073 W FR9401073 W FR 9401073W WO 9508169 A1 WO9508169 A1 WO 9508169A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
mouthpiece
tube
wood
instrument
threaded
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FR1994/001073
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Maurice Benterfa
Original Assignee
Maurice Benterfa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR9311141A priority Critical patent/FR2710177B1/en
Priority to FR93/11141 priority
Application filed by Maurice Benterfa filed Critical Maurice Benterfa
Publication of WO1995008169A1 publication Critical patent/WO1995008169A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/08Material for manufacturing wind musical instruments; Treatment of the material
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures
    • G10D9/03Cupped mouthpieces

Abstract

A mouthpiece of untreated wood (1) with a relative density exceeding 0.75 is joined to a metal tube (2), linking it to the instrument.

Description

 The present invention relates to a mouthpiece for a wind musical instrument, in particular for trumpet, cornet, bugle, horn, trombone, tuba, as well as all copper instruments.

The mouthpieces of this type of instrument are usually made of metallic material or alloys of metallic materials.

They have the advantage of being very stable and resistant to deformation but also have significant drawbacks.

First, they are cool to the touch, since body heat is quickly dissipated or dissipated by thermal conduction. This results, for the musician playing in cold rooms or outside, a cooling of the lips which is annoying and unpleasant.

Then, damage can be caused to the metal parts or pieces of the musician's teeth, by electrolysis due to the salts or metal complexes transmitted to the saliva by the mouthpiece.

To remedy these drawbacks, French Patent No. 2,069,273 describes a mouthpiece made of medium density wood, impregnated or at least partially soaked with an organic polymerized substance.

The impregnation, which is made possible thanks to the average density of the woods used (in particular maple, birch, pear, alder or linden), aims to limit the swelling of the wood under the effect of humidity. Complete impregnation of the wood is preferred in order to obtain very good shape stability, which best corresponds to all the requirements or conditions which are imposed on a mouthpiece.

Such mouthpieces feel lukewarm to the touch due to poor conductivity thermal of their constituent material and do not release any substance toxic to the teeth of the musician.

On the other hand, they have the significant disadvantage of producing only a nuance of specific sound, hardly advantageous, whatever the species of wood used, since the synthetic material which covers them limits the possibilities of vibration of the wood to a very limited frequency range. It is in fact a mouthpiece essentially made of synthetic material, in which the wood only serves as a support for the synthetic material. In practice, these mouthpieces are not used and it is the aforementioned metal mouthpieces, with the drawbacks which they imply, which are commonly used. The present invention aims to remedy all of these drawbacks.

To this end, the mouthpiece it relates to is characterized in that it is made of raw wood with a density greater than 0.75 and is assembled to a metal tube for connection to the instrument.

The possibility of vibration of the raw wood, not limited by any coating, makes it possible to obtain particular, rich and pleasant tones, the shade of which can be chosen according to the species of wood used to form the mouthpiece. Thus, the musician can choose a sound appropriate to the works played, by means of interchangeable mouthpieces made of different wood species. The replacement of one mouthpiece by another can be envisaged during the same performance, insofar as the artist must play works with different rhythms and sounds.

The density of the wood used and the species specifically selected to constitute these mouths influence the obtaining of the tones. mentioned above and also make it possible to avoid the phenomenon of swelling of the wood under the effect of humidity.

Advantageously, the species of wood which are selected to constitute the mouthpieces according to the invention are the following:

- rosewood (dalbergia), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "rich roundness";

- violet wood (dalbergia nigra), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "generous and distinguished";

- ebony (grassiflora), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "powerful / elegant";

- boxwood (buxus), to obtain a shade of so-called "soft" sound; - coconut-bolo (dalbergia), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "majestic";

- ziricote (Mexico), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "noble";

- olive tree (olea europea), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "brilliant".

For a good understanding, the invention will be described again below, with reference to the appended schematic drawing representing, by way of nonlimiting examples, two preferred embodiments of the mouth it relates to.

In this drawing, Figure 1 is a view of a mouthpiece and its connection tube to the instrument, according to a first embodiment, in longitudinal section and in the disassembled state; Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 of these two elements, but in the assembled state and Figure 3 is a view of a mouthpiece and its connection tube to the instrument, assembled one to the other, according to a second embodiment. The figures represent mouthpieces 1 for wind musical instrument, in particular for trumpet, horn, trombone or tuba, with their tube 2 for connection to one instrument. The mouthpieces 1 are made of raw wood with a density greater than 0.75, while the tubes 2 are made of metal.

The possibility of vibration of the raw wood, not limited by any coating of the wood, makes it possible to obtain particular, rich and pleasant tones, the shade of which varies according to the species of wood used to form the mouthpiece 1. Thus , the musician can choose a sound appropriate to the works played, by means of mouthpieces 1 made of different wood species.

The density of the wood used and the species specifically selected to constitute these mouths 1 influence the obtaining of the tones obtained and also make it possible to limit the phenomenon of swelling of the wood under the effect of humidity. The mouthpieces 1 are advantageously made from the following types of wood:

- rosewood (dalbergia), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "rich roundness"; - violet wood (dalbergia nigra), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "generous and distinguished";

- ebony (grassiflora), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "powerful / elegant"; - boxwood (buxus), to obtain a shade of so-called "soft" sound;

- coconut-bolo (dalbergia), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "majestic";

- ziricote (Mexico), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "noble"; - olive tree (olea europea), to obtain a nuance of its so-called "brilliant".

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figures 1 and 2, the mouth 1 comprises, on the side opposite to the bowl 5, a bore coaxial with the conduit 6 which passes through it, in which is engaged a threaded socket 3, fixed by bonding to the mouth 1 and can be screwed onto the threaded end 2a of the tube 2.

The mouthpiece 1 is thus made easily removable with respect to the tube 2, so that it can be easily and quickly interchanged depending on the work to be played and the sound that the musician wishes to obtain.

Advantageously, the length of the threaded part 2a of the tube 2 is equal to that of the sleeve 3 so as to ensure continuity of the conduits 6 passing through the mouth 1 and 7 passing through the tube 2.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 3, the mouth 1 includes a tubular extension 4 on which is fitted a threaded sleeve 3 intended to be screwed into the threaded opening of the tube

2.

It goes without saying that the invention is not limited to the two embodiments shown in the drawing by way of examples, but on the contrary embraces all the variant embodiments thereof.

Thus, the mouthpiece may not be removable from its connection tube. In this case, it is the 1-tube 2 mouthpiece assembly which must be interchanged to modify the sound obtained by the instrument.

Claims

1 - Mouthpiece for wind musical instrument, characterized in that it is made of raw wood, with a density greater than 0.75 and is assembled to a metal tube (2) for connection to the instrument.
2 - Mouthpiece according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made in one of the following essences:
- rosewood (dalbergia), - violet wood (dalbergia nigra),
- ebony (grassiflora),
- boxwood (buxus),
- coconut-bolo (dalbergia),
- ziricote (Mexico), - olive tree (olea europea).
3 - Mouthpiece according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that it is integral with a threaded socket (3) which can be screwed onto the threaded end (2a) of the tube (2) allowing its connection to the instrument.
4 - Mouthpiece according to claim 3, characterized in that the length of the threaded part (2a) of the tube (2) is equal to that of the sleeve (3) so as to ensure continuity of the conduits (6) passing through the mouth (1) and (7) passing through the tube (2).
5 - Mouthpiece according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that it comprises a tubular extension (4) on which is fitted a threaded sleeve (3) intended to be screwed into the threaded opening of the tube (2) allowing its connection to the instrument.
PCT/FR1994/001073 1993-09-14 1994-09-13 Mouthpiece for wind instruments WO1995008169A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9311141A FR2710177B1 (en) 1993-09-14 1993-09-14 Mouthpiece for wind musical instrument.
FR93/11141 1993-09-14

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU76603/94A AU7660394A (en) 1993-09-14 1994-09-13 Mouthpiece for wind instruments

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995008169A1 true WO1995008169A1 (en) 1995-03-23

Family

ID=9451008

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FR1994/001073 WO1995008169A1 (en) 1993-09-14 1994-09-13 Mouthpiece for wind instruments

Country Status (3)

Country Link
AU (1) AU7660394A (en)
FR (1) FR2710177B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1995008169A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100426374C (en) * 2004-03-08 2008-10-15 黄树佳 Double-tube mouthpiece for brass instrument
DE202011002375U1 (en) 2011-02-04 2011-04-07 Richter, Jörg Mouthpiece for a brass instrument

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2842342B1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2006-02-03 Claude Getin Double wind music reed for clarinet

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1740013A (en) * 1927-03-24 1929-12-17 Conn Ltd C G Mouthpiece for musical instruments
FR2069273A5 (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-09-03 Oesterr Studien Atomenergie Polymer impregnated wood for (brass) wind - instrument mouthpieces

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1740013A (en) * 1927-03-24 1929-12-17 Conn Ltd C G Mouthpiece for musical instruments
FR2069273A5 (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-09-03 Oesterr Studien Atomenergie Polymer impregnated wood for (brass) wind - instrument mouthpieces

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100426374C (en) * 2004-03-08 2008-10-15 黄树佳 Double-tube mouthpiece for brass instrument
DE202011002375U1 (en) 2011-02-04 2011-04-07 Richter, Jörg Mouthpiece for a brass instrument

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2710177A1 (en) 1995-03-24
FR2710177B1 (en) 1995-12-01
AU7660394A (en) 1995-04-03

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