WO1995000419A1 - A container and a vehicle and container system - Google Patents

A container and a vehicle and container system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1995000419A1
WO1995000419A1 PCT/AU1994/000337 AU9400337W WO9500419A1 WO 1995000419 A1 WO1995000419 A1 WO 1995000419A1 AU 9400337 W AU9400337 W AU 9400337W WO 9500419 A1 WO9500419 A1 WO 9500419A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
container
vehicle
platform
lifting
rams
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1994/000337
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jozsef Kovesy
Original Assignee
Dial-A-Box Pty. Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPL957393 priority Critical
Priority to AUPL9573 priority
Application filed by Dial-A-Box Pty. Ltd. filed Critical Dial-A-Box Pty. Ltd.
Priority claimed from AU69905/94A external-priority patent/AU6990594A/en
Publication of WO1995000419A1 publication Critical patent/WO1995000419A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/12Supports
    • B65D90/14Legs, e.g. detachable

Abstract

A container (11) for transporting goods such as furniture having four extendible and retractable legs (12) powered by hydraulic or pneumatic system (17) from a truck (10). Separate lifting cranes are not needed and the legs are adjustable to level the container on uneven ground. The retractable legs form part of the container and can be positioned on a pair of hinged walls or rear doors (19) of the container. The base of the container also has positioning means to mate with a trapezoid prism extending longitudinally along the axis of the carrying platform (15) of the truck.

Description

TITLE
A CONTAINER AND A VEHICLE AND CONTAINER SYSTEM
THIS INVENTION relates to a vehicle and container system. The difficulties associated with the loading and unloading of containers are wide and varied. Today, as in the past, containers are frequently used for easily obtained temporary storage, as well as the more conventional use, of transportation. Thus, it is important that industry develops a system that will allow for the quick and efficient movement of a container.
Swing cranes have been mounted on vehicles for the purpose of moving containers. To load or unload a container, using a swing crane mounted on a vehicle there must be sufficient area for both the placement of the container and the vehicle placing the container. Therefore, at least double the utilised space is needed for the containers placement. For this scenario a large and heavy vehicle is also needed due to the moment created when the container is being loaded. The crane usually blocks the rear door of the container requiring that the container is lifted off the truck before the contents can be assessed. Also, the crane is permanently attached to the vehicle making the vehicle unsuitable for other purposes. Another type of vehicle that has been specifically developed for container transportation, loads and unloads the container, from the rear of the vehicle. This operation involves positioning the vehicle where the container needs to be placed. The platform supporting the container is then inclined and the container is allowed to slide from the platform, while the truck moves in a forward motion. To load the container the platform is inclined and a cable is attached to the container. The container is then hauled onto the platform. For this operation there must not be any object situated above the platform. The reason being that when the platform is fully inclined it is at least double the height of the container. This may lead to difficulties if the container needs to be placed in a dwelling which has a low roof or outside near power lines. Also, fragile goods cannot be loaded in this way.
Another type of lifting device is widely used for skips where the skip must be loaded while staying in a horizontal position. This arrangement is unsuitable for shipping containers as these containers will cause the vehicle to tip backwards.
The systems mentioned above have the inherent difficulty of substantially jarring the container during loading and unloading. Therefore, the goods located within the container also receive a jarring. Thus the goods need to be very robust or heavily secured.
Further, the types of containers that the abovementioned vehicles carry, can only be used on substantially level ground. The reasoning being that the container will tilt with the gradient of the ground surface. Moreover, this limits the use of these types of containers.
It is an object of this invention to provide a container and a vehicle and container system which may overcome the abovementioned disadvantages or provide the consumer with a useful or commercial choice.
In one form the invention comprises a container for transporting goods, the container having lifting means for lifting the container sufficiently above a ground surface to allow a vehicle to pass beneath the container, at least part of the lifting means forming part of the container.
The container may be a fully enclosed shipping container. The container may be a standard, rectangular 20 foot container. The base of the container may be fitted or formed with a positioning member. The positioning member may extend longitudinally along the base of the container. It may be shaped so that it is able to mate with a trapezoid shaped prism.
The lifting means may be mechanically or hydraulically driven. The lifting means may remain fully extended, partially extended or retracted. Typically, the lifting means comprises a plurality of extendible and retractable leg members. The leg members may comprise rams. The rams may extend from and retract into housings within the side walls of the container. Suitably, the lifting means consists of four rams located adjacent to corners of the container. The opposing pairs of leg members may operate in synchronous motion. The leg members may have pivotal feet attached. At least one and preferably two leg members may be attached to one or more hinged walls. The walls may be hinged relative to a front area of the container. The hinged walls may have a loading and unloading position and a transportation position. Fasteners may be used to secure the wall to the container to reduce the load on the hinges. Typically, the rams are fed by hydraulic or pneumatic hoses which extend through or along the container. The hydraulic or pneumatic hoses may be located within the walls, the floor and/or the roof of the container. Suitably, the hoses have an inlet located on the outer periphery of the container and adjacent to each other. Each hydraulic ram may have a subsequent hose attached.
In another form, the invention comprises a vehicle and container system, said vehicle having a carrying platform to support a container and providing a power source for lifting means out of the container.
The carrying platform of the vehicle may. assist in the quick and efficient loading and unloading of the container. The carrying platform may be able to pass beneath the container when the lifting means of the container are at full extension. Typically, the platform is able to pass between the leg members of the container. The leg members may be connected to a hinged wall to allow for a wider carrying platform. The carrying platform may have a positioning member that extends longitudinally along the axis of the carrying platform. It may be in the shape of a trapezoid prism. The carrying platform positioning member may mate with the container positioning member. Both these positioning members may allow for the simple fastening of twist locks that may be used to secure the container.
A weight distribution means may be fastened or fixed on the carrying platform to enable the weight of the container to be distributed more evenly over the surface of the carrying platform. The weight distribution means is typically a beam of similar height as the twist locks, linking the twist locks. The beam may be constructed from any material, such as wood or metal.
The power source may be directly accessible to the driver of the vehicle or may be located on the outer periphery of the vehicle. The power source may be located on the mid-section of the carrying platform. The power source can provide mechanical power but typically provides hydraulic power. The power source is suitably linked to the container with hydraulic hoses, which are usually detachable. The hydraulic hoses may connect with the inlet on the container. An embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the following figures:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a vehicle and container system with the container in the extended state.
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the vehicle and container system with the container in the retracted state.
Figure 3 illustrates a container with hinged leg members.
Referring to figure 1 and 2 it can be seen that the vehicle and container system comprises a light weight, fixed axle truck (10) and a modified shipping container (11). The truck has a carrying platform (15) and a power source (16). The container has been modified from a standard, 20 foot, rectangular shipping container.
Two opposing side walls house four hydraulic rams (12), two rams per wall. The rams, housed in opposing side walls, also oppose each other. Each ram is located adjacent a corner of the container. The rams consist of extendible and retractable leg members 13 which move into and from its housing 13A. Housing 13A forms part of container 11 and is designed to not significantly protrude from the container walls. This allows containers to be stacked and stored with minimal loss of stacking efficiency due to gaps between adjacent containers. Also, there are road regulations with regard to load widths and the housings are therefore designed to protrude either not at all, or only slightly. The housings also can add rigidity to the container. The length of the leg member 13A is slightly longer than the height of carrying platform (15) of the truck. When the hydraulic ram has been fully retracted, the container is able to rest on its base. Attached to the end of each leg is a foot (14). This foot is hinged to the leg by a bolt, permitting the foot to pivot.
Each hydraulic ram is fed hydraulic fluid by its own internal hydraulic hose (not shown). The internal network of hydraulic hoses is located within the side walls and base of the container (not shown). The end of these hoses form an inlet (18) on the side wall of the container. The side wall containing the inlet being the one closest to the truck upon loading. The inlet is also adjacent to a corner, the corner being closest to the power source upon loading. The base of the container has been modified so that when the container is loaded on the truck, it is in the correct position to be fastened. The base is shaped so that it is able to mate with a trapezoid shaped prism located longitudinally along the axis of the carrying platform (15). Twist locks (not shown) are then used to secure the container (11) for transportation.
The carrying platform (15) has been constructed so that it is able to fit between the legs (13) of the container. it is also low enough so that it is able to pass beneath the container when the hydraulic rams are at full extension.
The power source (16) is fixed to the side of carrying platform (15). It is located in the middle of this side. The power source (16) comprises a motor and a hydraulic pump. It can be hand operated and allows the operator to control two of the hydraulic rams so they move in a synchronous motion. Connected to the power source (16) are four external hydraulic hoses (17). These hoses are also connected to the inlet (18) of the container. These hoses are detachable and can be stored when the container is being transported.
Two beams (not shown), similar height to the twist locks, are affixed longitudinally between the two pairs of twist locks. The beams evenly distribute the container load onto the platform, preventing deformation of the chassis.
Referring to figure 3, hinged walls (19) can be connected to the corners of the container. Two hydraulic rams with connected legs and feet, are located adjacent to the edge of the wall. The rams are fed by hydraulic hoses (21) which extend from the container. This arrangement allows the spacing between the rams to be lengthened to allow a heavier truck to pass between the rams. The walls are pinned back by pins 20 to take the load off the hinges, and the spacing between the rams in the pinned back position is sufficient to allow a truck platform to pass between the rams. When the container is on the truck the walls are unpinned and swing to a position where the width of the container does not infringe road rules on load widths.
The container can be transported to a site and lowered to the ground surface. The container can be loaded or unloaded without any lifting being required. Trolleys can be simply moved in and out of the container for loading and unloading. For uneven surfaces, the legs can be adjusted to provide a level container. When full, the truck returns to the premises and powers up the legs, drives under the container with the hoses still attached and lowers the container onto the truck platform and transports the container to its required location. One truck can service many containers as the truck is not required during the loading, unloading or storage periods.
It should be appreciated that various other changes and modifications may be made to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof as defined in the claims.

Claims

CLAIMS :
1. A container for transporting goods, comprising a lifting means for lifting the container sufficiently above a ground surface to allow a vehicle to pass beneath the container, at least part of the lifting means forming part of the container.
2. The container as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lifting means comprises a plurality of extendible and retractable leg members.
3. The container as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the leg members are hydraulically powered.
4. The container as claimed in claims 2 or 3, wherein the leg members have pivotal feet.
5. The container as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lifting means comprises four hydraulic rams, two said rams being on each side wall of the container.
6. The container as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein at least one leg member is attached to a hinged wall, which is attached to the container.
7. The container as claimed in claim 6, wherein a pair of hinged walls are provided and a single leg member is attached to each wall.
8. The container as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the base of the container has a positioning means.
9. The container as claimed in claim 8, wherein the positioning means is adapted to mate with a trapezoid prism.
10. The container as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the container includes a hydraulic hose network.
11. The container as claimed in claim 10, wherein the hydraulic hose network lies within the walls, floor and/or roof of the container.
12. A container substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
13. A vehicle and container system comprising of a vehicle and container, said vehicle having a carrying platform and providing a power source for the lifting means of the container.
14. The vehicle and container system as claimed in claim 13, wherein the container is described by any of the claims 1 to 12.
15. The vehicle and container system as claimed in claim 14, wherein the carrying platform tilts beneath the container when the rams are at full extension.
16. The vehicle and container system as claimed in claim 14, wherein the system has a weight distribution means.
17. The vehicle and container system as claimed in claim 16, wherein the weight distribution means is two beams placed between the carrying platform and the container.
PCT/AU1994/000337 1993-06-24 1994-06-22 A container and a vehicle and container system WO1995000419A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPL957393 1993-06-24
AUPL9573 1993-06-24

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU69905/94A AU6990594A (en) 1993-06-24 1994-06-22 A container and a vehicle and container system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1995000419A1 true WO1995000419A1 (en) 1995-01-05

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PCT/AU1994/000337 WO1995000419A1 (en) 1993-06-24 1994-06-22 A container and a vehicle and container system

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19532727A1 (en) * 1995-09-05 1997-03-06 Steinecker Klaus Peter Vehicle with removable structure, such as container or tank
WO1999014076A1 (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-25 Razorback Vehicles Corporation Pty. Ltd. A raisable/lowerable vehicle bed carrying loads
AU745330B2 (en) * 1997-09-16 2002-03-21 Razorback Vehicles Corporation Pty. Ltd. A raisable/lowerable vehicle bed carrying loads
WO2003076308A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-18 Rheinmetall Defence Electronics Gmbh Container
WO2003106300A1 (en) * 2002-06-18 2003-12-24 Shade Consulting Llc Container with a distributed-loading base
GB2399549A (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-22 Don Bur Service Ltd Combination vehicle and container/box body
CH695830A5 (en) 2002-03-21 2006-09-15 Iii Solutions Gmbh Container with hydraulic supports.
EP2085327A1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-05 Groundhog (UK) Limited Transportable Units
CZ303781B6 (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-05-02 Brano A.S. Device to position a container
DE102012025151B3 (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-11-28 Sew-Eurodrive Gmbh & Co Kg Storage system for storing object e.g. container in warehouse, has power supply unit that is detachably connected to object, and secondary winding which is inductively coupled to stationary primary conductor in storage place
CN107696938A (en) * 2017-08-14 2018-02-16 武汉理工大学 A kind of interchangeable box body lifting apparatus control method

Citations (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE560753C (en) * 1932-10-06 Automobilindustrie Ag F Device for facilitating the start-up and loading of a motor vehicle frame with one or more removable car bodies
US2811386A (en) * 1955-09-06 1957-10-29 Moore Handley Hardware Co Inc Retractable supports for a removable vehicle body
US2958538A (en) * 1958-06-02 1960-11-01 Moore Handley Hardware Company Removable vehicle container and body having retractable supports
US3135407A (en) * 1962-02-06 1964-06-02 Back Samuel Removable cargo box for trucks or trailers
US3289868A (en) * 1964-12-16 1966-12-06 Jack Neun Lift system for cargo containers
US3362552A (en) * 1965-10-27 1968-01-09 Thiele Inc Combined dump and elevate truck chassis mechanism for changeable bodies
US3421645A (en) * 1966-06-30 1969-01-14 Edwin V Bishop Power loading and unloading truck body
AU3316868A (en) * 1967-02-07 1969-08-14 Improvements in or relating to transportable load-carrying appliances
US3490632A (en) * 1967-11-08 1970-01-20 Hoover Ball & Bearing Co Portable bin assembly
DE1556109A1 (en) * 1967-11-23 1970-01-29 Multimed Gmbh Training of a large box-shaped container
GB1292804A (en) * 1968-11-19 1972-10-11 Ronway Engineering Company Ltd Improvements in and relating to demountable load carrying vehicles
DE3007730A1 (en) * 1980-02-29 1981-09-10 Wolf E Bade Transport container liftable to load deck level - has extendable legs stowable within container perimeter when not in use
AU2845384A (en) * 1983-05-20 1984-11-22 Aluminium Modular Housing Systems Pty. Ltd. Portable building
AU7817887A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-03-10 Brambles Holdings Limited Container handling
AU1399388A (en) * 1987-03-03 1988-09-26 Unicont System Ab Device for managing a container
EP0489673A1 (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-06-10 Lohr Industrie Habitable container with extensible interior volume
FR2679894A1 (en) * 1991-07-31 1993-02-05 Giat Ind Sa Stabilising strut forming a support stand for a transportable structure, such as a technical shelter for example
EP0558367A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 1993-09-01 Marrel Structure permitting loading and unloading of transport containers with a hydraulic grappling device
AU3708993A (en) * 1992-04-22 1993-10-28 Rancan, Aldo Marco Container lift

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE560753C (en) * 1932-10-06 Automobilindustrie Ag F Device for facilitating the start-up and loading of a motor vehicle frame with one or more removable car bodies
US2811386A (en) * 1955-09-06 1957-10-29 Moore Handley Hardware Co Inc Retractable supports for a removable vehicle body
US2958538A (en) * 1958-06-02 1960-11-01 Moore Handley Hardware Company Removable vehicle container and body having retractable supports
US3135407A (en) * 1962-02-06 1964-06-02 Back Samuel Removable cargo box for trucks or trailers
US3289868A (en) * 1964-12-16 1966-12-06 Jack Neun Lift system for cargo containers
US3362552A (en) * 1965-10-27 1968-01-09 Thiele Inc Combined dump and elevate truck chassis mechanism for changeable bodies
US3421645A (en) * 1966-06-30 1969-01-14 Edwin V Bishop Power loading and unloading truck body
AU3316868A (en) * 1967-02-07 1969-08-14 Improvements in or relating to transportable load-carrying appliances
AU3561268A (en) * 1967-04-08 1969-10-02 We. & F. Dobson Limited Improvements in or relating to transportable load-carrying appliances
US3490632A (en) * 1967-11-08 1970-01-20 Hoover Ball & Bearing Co Portable bin assembly
DE1556109A1 (en) * 1967-11-23 1970-01-29 Multimed Gmbh Training of a large box-shaped container
GB1292804A (en) * 1968-11-19 1972-10-11 Ronway Engineering Company Ltd Improvements in and relating to demountable load carrying vehicles
DE3007730A1 (en) * 1980-02-29 1981-09-10 Wolf E Bade Transport container liftable to load deck level - has extendable legs stowable within container perimeter when not in use
AU2845384A (en) * 1983-05-20 1984-11-22 Aluminium Modular Housing Systems Pty. Ltd. Portable building
AU7817887A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-03-10 Brambles Holdings Limited Container handling
AU1399388A (en) * 1987-03-03 1988-09-26 Unicont System Ab Device for managing a container
EP0489673A1 (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-06-10 Lohr Industrie Habitable container with extensible interior volume
FR2679894A1 (en) * 1991-07-31 1993-02-05 Giat Ind Sa Stabilising strut forming a support stand for a transportable structure, such as a technical shelter for example
EP0558367A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 1993-09-01 Marrel Structure permitting loading and unloading of transport containers with a hydraulic grappling device
AU3708993A (en) * 1992-04-22 1993-10-28 Rancan, Aldo Marco Container lift

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19532727A1 (en) * 1995-09-05 1997-03-06 Steinecker Klaus Peter Vehicle with removable structure, such as container or tank
AU745330B2 (en) * 1997-09-16 2002-03-21 Razorback Vehicles Corporation Pty. Ltd. A raisable/lowerable vehicle bed carrying loads
US6568897B2 (en) 1997-09-16 2003-05-27 Razorback Vehicles Corporation Pty. Ltd. Raisable/lowerable vehicle bed carrying loads
WO1999014076A1 (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-25 Razorback Vehicles Corporation Pty. Ltd. A raisable/lowerable vehicle bed carrying loads
WO2003076308A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-18 Rheinmetall Defence Electronics Gmbh Container
CH695830A5 (en) 2002-03-21 2006-09-15 Iii Solutions Gmbh Container with hydraulic supports.
WO2003106300A1 (en) * 2002-06-18 2003-12-24 Shade Consulting Llc Container with a distributed-loading base
GB2399549A (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-22 Don Bur Service Ltd Combination vehicle and container/box body
GB2399549B (en) * 2003-03-17 2006-07-05 Don Bur Service Ltd Improvements in or relating to trailers or containers
EP2085327A1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-05 Groundhog (UK) Limited Transportable Units
WO2009095680A1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-06 Groundhog (Uk) Limited Transportable units
GB2457076B (en) * 2008-02-01 2012-03-07 Groundhog Uk Ltd Transportable units
CZ303781B6 (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-05-02 Brano A.S. Device to position a container
DE102012025151B3 (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-11-28 Sew-Eurodrive Gmbh & Co Kg Storage system for storing object e.g. container in warehouse, has power supply unit that is detachably connected to object, and secondary winding which is inductively coupled to stationary primary conductor in storage place
CN107696938A (en) * 2017-08-14 2018-02-16 武汉理工大学 A kind of interchangeable box body lifting apparatus control method

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